Cutting Edges Facing In Opposite Axial Directions Patents (Class 175/401)
  • Publication number: 20150107909
    Abstract: A fixed-cutter earth-boring tool includes a first blade substantially comprising a first material having a first elastic modulus at a temperature, and a second blade substantially comprising a second material having a second elastic modulus at the temperature. The second elastic modulus is different from the first elastic modulus. A method of forming an earth-boring tool includes forming a bit body having a plurality of blades, and providing at least one cutting element on at least one of the plurality of blades. Some fixed-cutter earth-boring drill bits include a first blade exhibiting a first deflection when subjected to a load, and a second blade exhibiting a second deflection when subjected to the load. The first deflection may be a continuous function of the load, and the second deflection may be a discontinuous function of the load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2015
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventor: Anton F. Zahradnik
  • Patent number: 8997899
    Abstract: A cutting element includes a modified gilmoid having two planes defining a plurality of cutting edges thereon, and a first support extending from a central area of a first of the two planes and a second support extending from a central area of a second of the two planes. The supports are sized and positioned such that when the cutting element is resting against a planar surface such that one of the plurality of cutting edges and the first support are in contact with the planar surface the first plane forms an acute angle with the planar surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Calvin J. Stowe, II
  • Patent number: 8887833
    Abstract: An adapter for connecting drilling components having an elongate tubular member with a non-circular exterior surface profile and a connector. A ground engaging member generally characterized as a reamer has a non-circular inner surface profile whereby the ground engaging member is slidably mounted on and engages the non-circular exterior surface of the tubular member. A flange assembly is connected to the ground engaging member and the tubular member to restrict axial movement of the ground engaging member relative to the tubular member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Earth Tool Company, LLC
    Inventor: Robert F. Crane
  • Patent number: 8887838
    Abstract: A cutting element includes, a gilmoid with a plurality of cutting edges thereon, and at least one support extending from the gilmoid. The at least one support and at least one of the plurality of cutting edges are simultaneously contactable with a surface upon which the cutting element is restable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Calvin J. Stowe, II
  • Patent number: 8607900
    Abstract: A downhole tool for bidirectional reaming of a wellbore with a tubular body with a central cutting section between a first end segment and a second end segment, wherein the central cutting section has a plurality of helical blades separated by flute sections, and wherein the helical blades each have at least two spiral angled sections connected together, polydiamond cutter nodes, high strength carbide cutting nodes, tungsten carbide hardfacing coating or combinations thereof on the helical blades, and wherein the outer diameter of the central cutting section is larger than the outer diameter of each of the end segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: LB Enterprises, LLC
    Inventor: Lee Morgan Smith
  • Patent number: 8196683
    Abstract: A drill bit includes a plurality of continuous segments impregnated with diamond that are each mounted to form a corresponding blade. The regions between the blades define a plurality of fluid passages on the bit face. The blades extend radially outwardly to the gage. The continuous segments may be either straight or spiral in design. Furthermore, the design of the segments supports varying one or more of: diamond content, width, back rake angle and/or relief angle along a length of the segment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Varel International, Ind., L.P.
    Inventors: Alfazazi Dourfaye, Michel de Reynal
  • Patent number: 8146682
    Abstract: A method of removing a restriction in a tubular located in a well includes providing a drilling assembly with a drill bit and a reamer, the reamer having a cutting structure for removing the restriction; drilling through a lower portion of the tubular; expanding the reamer at a location below the restriction; and urging the reamer back toward the restriction to remove the restriction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.
    Inventors: Bill Rhinehart, Thomas M. Redlinger, Thurman B. Carter, Wei Xu, Hubert E. Halford, Martin Stulberg
  • Publication number: 20110315455
    Abstract: Cutting elements for downhole cutting tools comprise a top surface having a cutting surface portion and a cutting profile asymmetrically disposed across the top surface. The cutting elements comprise first and second longitudinal side surfaces and first and second lateral side surfaces, each having a respective cross-section. The cross-section of one of the longitudinal side surfaces can have one beveled portion and the cross-sections of the other longitudinal side surface and the first and second lateral side surfaces can have two beveled portions. A cutting end of a downhole cutting tool comprises two cutting elements disposed facing each another with a portion of the cutting surface portion of a first cutting element being disposed opposite the cutting profile of the second cutting element and the cutting surface portion of the second cutting element being disposed opposite the cutting profile of the first cutting element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2010
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Inventors: Calvin J. Stowe, II, Andrew D. Ponder
  • Patent number: 7841425
    Abstract: A system for forming a wellbore includes a drill tubular. A drill bit is coupled to the drill tubular. One or more cutting structures are coupled to the drill tubular above the drill bit. The cutting structures remove at least a portion of formation that extends into the wellbore formed by the drill bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Arthur James Mansure, Rosalvina Ramona Guimerans
  • Publication number: 20100071963
    Abstract: An earth boring drill bit comprising cones, each cone having a land on its mid portion with at least two rows of compacts that are staggered with respect to adjacent compacts on another row. The compacts of these two rows may also have the same size. The compacts of these two inner rows are closer to each other than to any other compacts on the cone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Publication date: March 25, 2010
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Floyd C. Felderhoff, Robert M. Welch, Yolanda V. Morse
  • Publication number: 20100018779
    Abstract: A secondary cutting structure for sure in a drilling assembly, the secondary cutting structure including a tubular body and a block, extendable from the tubular body, the block including a first arrangement of cutting elements disposed on a first blade and a second arrangement of cutting elements disposed on a second blade, wherein the second arrangement is a modified redundant arrangement. Also, a secondary cutting structure for use in a drilling assembly, the secondary cutting structure including a leading blade disposed on a first block and a trailing blade disposed on the first block adjacent the leading blade. Additionally, the secondary cutting structure includes a unique blade disposed on a second block, wherein a gage portion of at least one of the blades has a length between 30% and 45% of a total blade length.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Publication date: January 28, 2010
    Inventors: Navish Makkar, Wei Tang, Gordon Whipple, Tommy Laird, Gail Nelson
  • Publication number: 20090057030
    Abstract: A mining bit includes a bit body having a central axis, the bit body having a forward portion with faceted surfaces and a rearward attachment portion. The mining bit further includes a plurality of wings extending from the faceted surfaces of the bit body and arranged about a central hub. A plurality of cutting elements are disposed on distal ends of the wings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2008
    Publication date: March 5, 2009
    Inventors: Roger Didericksen, S. Ravi Teja, Irrinki Rangayya Naidu
  • Publication number: 20080202819
    Abstract: A cutting tool has a first cutting end, a second cutting end, a shoulder at an interface between the first cutting end and the second cutting end, and a shield removably mounted on one of the first cutting end and second cutting end. The cutting ends each have a cutting tip at a distal end, a body portion, a recess in the body portion and a retainer positioned in the recess. Cutting ends can be mirror images of each other, or may be non-mirror imaged, for example with different gage lengths, to accommodate different operating conditions. One of the cutting ends is mounted in a holder and the shield protects the retainer and recess features on the operating cutting end. A combination of a reversible cutting tool and a sleeve and/or block holder system, an apparatus for cutting, a sleeve per se and a shield per se are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2007
    Publication date: August 28, 2008
    Inventor: Joseph Conwell Fader
  • Patent number: 7255182
    Abstract: A back bit (20) is disclosed which is to used in conjunction with drilling equipment (10) which may include a derrick (11), a drilling pipe (12), a back head (14), a starting rod (13), and a cutting bit (15) mounted to the lower end of the starting rod. The back bit has a tubular body (21) with a plurality of upwardly extending cutting teeth (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Inventor: David N. Ware
  • Patent number: 6976549
    Abstract: The invention relates to a drilling tool (1), in particular for working concrete, rock, masonry and suchlike materials, having a tool head with cutting body (5) which has at least one front rake face (9, 10), at least one rear flank ([lacuna] 18) and at least one front-end cutting edge (7, 8), the cutting edge (7, 8) separating the rake face (9, 10) and the flank ([lacuna] 18). In this case, the rake face (9, 10) is formed by at least two cutting faces (11, 13; 12 [lacuna]) merging into one another at at least one second cutting edge (15, 16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2005
    Assignee: Hawera Probst GmbH
    Inventors: August Haussmann, Bernhard Moser, Rainer Widmann, Marco Lang
  • Patent number: 6843334
    Abstract: A drilling head of a rock drill for use with a hand-held power tool is formed completely of a hard material and includes a main bit (2) and at least one auxiliary bit (3a, 3b). The at least one auxiliary bit (3a, 3b) is provided exclusively in a radially outer region of the drilling head and has an arcuate cutting edge (4a, 4b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Hilti Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Martin Schautt
  • Patent number: 6634444
    Abstract: A drill bit for trenchless drilling includes a bit body defining a longitudinal axis about which the drill bit is rotated during a trenchless drilling operation. Two sets of cutting teeth are mounted at a front end of the bit body, the sets disposed on opposite sides of the axis. The first and second sets are brazed into respective slots formed in the first and second side surfaces of the bit body. The slots on each side surface communicate with a common groove, wherein the groove forms a shoulder against which rear ends of the cutting teeth abut.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Sandvik Rock Tools, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary A. Fuller, Kenneth Monyak, Thomas J. Maechler
  • Patent number: 6494275
    Abstract: A rock drill bit for percussive drilling, especially top hammer drilling, includes a bit head provided with front rock crushing buttons and a skirt. The bit head is provided with a number of grooves formed in the outside of the skirt and extending in the axial direction of the drill bit. Protruding lands are defined between the grooves, which likewise extend in the axial direction. Axially rearward ends of at least some of the lands are formed with retrac teeth. Each retrac tooth has a cutting edge extending along an outer circumference of the skirt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventors: Bengt Åsberg, Kenneth Larsson, Bertil Ederyd
  • Publication number: 20020139582
    Abstract: An improved starter rod connects a back reamer to the distal end of a drill string. The starter rod is an elongated body having a front end portion which has a first connecting portion configured for connecting the starter rod to the back reamer, a rear end portion having a second connecting portion configured for connecting the starter rod to the drill string, a fluid passage configured for conveying fluid from the drill string through the starter rod from the rear end to the front end, and a branch passage extending from the fluid passage to a side surface of the starter rod configured to pass part of the fluid in the fluid passage outside the starter rod. Generally, the front end portion of the starter rod is also used to connect to a drill head and thus has an outer diameter greater than the rear end which connects to the drill string. In a preferred embodiment, the branch passage opens rearwardly of the large diameter front end portion so that the lubricating fluid is injected in the hole ahead of it.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2001
    Publication date: October 3, 2002
    Inventors: Douglas B. Caraway, Robert F. Crane
  • Patent number: 6321862
    Abstract: A rotary drag bit suitable for directional drilling. The bit includes a bit body from which extend radially-oriented blades carrying PDC cutters. The blades extend to primary gage pads, above which secondary gage pads are either longitudinally spaced or rotationally spaced, or both, defining a gap or discontinuity between the primary and secondary gage pads through which drilling fluid from adjacent junk slots may communicate laterally or circumferentially. Longitudinally leading edges of the secondary gage pads carry cutters for smoothing the sidewall of the borehole. The cutters are preferably configured and oriented so as to provide a relatively aggressive cutting edge to the formation in both longitudinal and rotational directions of bit movement, the cutting edges lying adjacent cutting surfaces preferably disposed at negative rake angles to the formation material of the borehole wall for enhanced durability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Christopher C. Beuershausen, Robert J. Costo, Jr., Danny E. Scott, Rudolf C. O. Pessier, Roland Illerhaus, Mark W. Dykstra, James A. Norris, Michael P. Ohanian, John R. Spaar
  • Patent number: 6213231
    Abstract: A boring tool is provided with first and second rectangular reversing cut plates which have, in each case, two short and two considerably longer cutting edges. One of the reversing cut plates is arranged connecting to or intersecting the axis of rotation of the boring tool, while the other reversing cut plate 12 is arranged connecting to the outer circle defined by the boring tool. The cutting edges active in each case on the face side of the boring tool have a straight construction and they overlap to a greater or lesser extend, in accordance with the bore diameter. The bend-free and jog-free construction of the active cutting edges of the cut plates makes possible the use of the same reversing cut plates on boring tools having different diameters with only the extent of the overlap of the cut plates being changed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: Walter AG
    Inventor: Rainer von Haas
  • Patent number: 6116357
    Abstract: A drill bit for boring a bore hole in an earthen formation comprises: a bit body having a pin end, a cutting end and a longitudinal bit axis and including at least two legs extending from the cutting end, each of the legs including a bearing that rotatably supports a cutter cone. The bit body further includes a fluid flow system, including a flowway in said pin end that is in fluid communication with at least one exit port in the cutting end, the exit port being defined by a nozzle boss and disposed adjacent one of the legs. Each of the legs includes a leading side surface, a trailing side surface, and a center panel, and at least one of said legs is asymmetric such that its trailing side surface is larger than its leading side surface. The present bit can also include a lubricant system that has its opening in the trailing side of the leg, and can further include various wear resistant coatings and inserts on its surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Wagoner, Roger Didericksen, William M. Conn, Peter Thomas Cariveau
  • Patent number: 5868212
    Abstract: A stabilizer tool (15) for a drill string (10) has a circular body (16) with recesses (17) containing projecting pad assemblies (18) arranged in a spaced helical configuration, each pad assembly (18) having at least one projecting wear block (20) maintained in abutment with an undercut recess surface by a wedge block (21) the outer wear surface (30) being of harder material than the remainder of the blocks (20, 21).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Gearhart Australia Ltd
    Inventor: Terry Michael McManus
  • Patent number: 5810102
    Abstract: A reversible bit assembly (8) that includes a reversible bit (10) having a shank (20) and a radially enlarged center portion (22) located midway along the longitude of the shank (20). Opposed cutting tips (24) are located at opposed shank ends (23). The bit (10) is insertable into a bore (12) of a bit block (14) and held therein using a retention mechanism. A preferred retention mechanism includes a circumferential groove (34) in the bit center portion (22) and a cross hole (38) in the bit block (14) located tangent to the bore (12) at a position corresponding to the location of the groove (34) when the bit (10) is inserted in the block (14). A pin (46) inserts into the cross hole (38) to retain the bit (10) at the groove (34). An adaptor sleeve (16) is provided that may be inserted into the block (14) to additionally allow known bits (18) to be used in the block (14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Inventor: Gary L. Stewart
  • Patent number: 5743345
    Abstract: A drill bit for reverse drilling in a drill hole being produced by a percussive, fluid-actuated drill includes an elongated drill bit body having a bore extending there through for transmission of a fluid, the body terminating in a head end portion and a shank end portion. Abrasive resistant drilling buttons are arrayed on both the head end portion and the shank end portion to resist abrasion by the material being drilled, during either forward or reverse drilling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1998
    Assignee: Ingersoll-Rand Company
    Inventors: Charles D. Hollar, Stuart A. Connell
  • Patent number: 5655612
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit is provided with hard gage inserts that protrude from the gage surface of the cutter to engage the side of the borehole for holding gage. The cutting end of the gage insert has a cutting end defining at least one sharp cutting edge and at least one cutting surface that define a negative rake angle with respect to the sidewall of the borehole that is being sheared by the gage insert. The cutting end, cutting edge, and cutting surface of the gage insert are formed of a super-hard and abrasion-resistant material such as polycrystalline diamond or cubic boron nitride. The body of the insert is formed of a hard, fracture-tough material such as cemented tungsten carbide. The improved gage inserts provide an actively cutting gage surface that engages the sidewall of the borehole to promote shearing removal of the sidewall material. Such an improved gage insert provides an earth-boring bit with improved gage-holding ability, and improved steerability in directional drilling operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 12, 1997
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Earl Grimes, Danny Eugene Scott, Rudolf Carl Otto Pessier
  • Patent number: 5467836
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit of the fixed cutter variety is provided with hard gage inserts that protrude from the gage surface of the cutter to engage the side of the borehole for holding gage. The gage insert has a substantially flat, polygonal face defining at least a pair of sharp cutting edges and at least a pair of cutting surfaces that define a negative rake angle with respect to the sidewall of the borehole that is being sheared by the gage insert. The face, cutting edge, and cutting surface of the gage insert are formed of a super-hard and abrasion-resistant material such as polycrystalline diamond or cubic boron nitride. The body of the insert is formed of a hard, fracture-tough material such as cemented tungsten carbide. The improved gage inserts provide an actively cutting gage surface that engages the sidewall of the borehole to promote shearing removal of the sidewall material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Robert E. Grimes, Danny E. Scott, Rudolf C. O. Pessier
  • Patent number: 5415243
    Abstract: A method to back ream a borehole drilled with a roller cone drill bit is taught. Protruding hard metal cutting inserts are affixed on the upper outside diameter tapered shoulder of each of the bit legs. If the borehole closes to a smaller diameter than the bit gage diameter or loose rock rubble packs around the upper portion of the bit, the protruding cutting inserts fixed on the upper leg tapered shoulder portion back ream the borehole by lifting and rotating the bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard C. Lyon, William M. Conn
  • Patent number: 4986375
    Abstract: A device for facilitating the retrieval of a drill bit from a crooked hole, a soft rock or a broken rock formation is disclosed. The device is secured to a drill string at one end and to a drill bit an an opposite end. The device includes a cylindrical member having a helical member of gradually increasing radial thickness secured about its periphery. The helical member has a plurality of hardened cutter members secured to and projecting from its periphery. The radial thickness of the helical member is greatest at that section of the device closest to the drill bit and least at that section of the device closest to the drill string. The device clears obstructions in the bore hole above the drill bit to ease the removal of the bit from the hole, while at the same time, the device avoids enlarging the bore hole on either the advancing or retrieving trip of the drill string. The device further serves to maintain alignment of the drill string during advancement into and retrieval from the bore hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 22, 1991
    Inventor: Thomas P. Maher
  • Patent number: 4953642
    Abstract: A rock drill bit having an elongated tubular body with a drilling head portion at one end and a trailing opposite end portion, the head end portion having attached hardened portions for engaging and drilling a work surface, at least one opening through the head end portion for drilling fluid to pass therethrough to the region of the drill face, at least one side of the bit having an axially extending cutout therealong forming an elongated passage with the surface of a bore being drilled through which the drilling fluid and drilling residue carried thereby can pass as it moves rearwardly along the drill bit away from the drill face, and transversely extending grooves formed in the portions of the body between the cutouts dividing the portions into a plurality of spaced outwardly extending body portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Inventor: Roger D. Skaggs
  • Patent number: 4262762
    Abstract: Rib structure for an impact type rock drilling bit, spirally oriented on the external surface of the bit to move particulate matter forwardly relative to the bit when it be turned in its normal drilling direction, to aid the process of extraction of the bit from a drilled hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1981
    Inventor: Robert P. Potratz