Symmetrical Forked Rotary Type (e.g., Fishtail) Patents (Class 175/421)
  • Patent number: 9187958
    Abstract: A reamer is designed to enhance operation of a bottom hole assembly in which it is included. One or more capabilities and/or characteristics of the cutters carried by the reamer blocks of the reamer may be varied even in the same profile portion to enhance the functionality and/or durability of the reamer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: CHEVRON U.S.A. INC.
    Inventor: Graham Mensa-Wilmot
  • Patent number: 8689908
    Abstract: A drill bit for drilling a borehole in earthen formations comprising a bit body having a bit axis and a bit face. In addition, the drill bit comprises a primary blade extending radially along the bit face, the primary blade including a cutter-supporting surface that defines a blade profile in rotated profile view extending from the bit axis to an outer radius of the bit body. The blade profile is continuously contoured and includes a plurality of concave regions. Further, the drill bit comprises a plurality of cutter elements mounted to the cutter-supporting surface of the primary blade. Each cutter element on the primary blade has a forward-facing cutting face with a cutting edge adapted to penetrate and shear the earthen formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Bala Durairajan, Carl M. Hoffmaster, Rolando Descarpontriez Arteaga
  • Patent number: 8584777
    Abstract: A roof-bolt drill bit. The roof-bolt drill bit may include a bit body rotatable about a central axis and at least one cutting element coupled to the bit body. The bit body may comprise a forward end, a rearward end axially opposite the forward end, and an internal passage defined within the bit body, with the internal passage extending to at least one opening defined in a side portion of the bit body. The bit body may also comprise a channel defined in a peripheral portion of the bit body, with the channel extending along a path between the rearward end of the bit body and a side portion of the bit body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Dover BMCS Acquisition Corporation
    Inventors: E. Sean Cox, Russell Roy Myers
  • Publication number: 20100108402
    Abstract: A downhole cutting tool includes, a body, a first contoured cutting element in operable communication with the body, and at least one contingency contoured cutting element in operable communication with the first contoured cutting element and the body. A contour of the at least one contingency contoured cutting element substantially matches a contour of the first contoured cutting element, and the at least one contingency contoured cutting element is maintainable in reserve and positioned to substitute for the first contoured cutting element if the first contoured cutting element becomes detached.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2008
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Andrew D. Ponder, Calvin J. Stowe, II
  • Patent number: 7537067
    Abstract: A rotary claw bit for drilling. The rotary claw bit includes a base plate having multiple lobes, the lobes having upper surfaces located in the same plane and lower surfaces located in the same plane. A plurality of bullet tooth attachment blocks are attached to the upper surface of each of the lobes. A bullet tooth having a hardened tip is removably attached within each of the attachment blocks. A pilot bit extends upwardly from the center of the base plate, the pilot bit having a tip that is located above the hardened tips of said bullet teeth. A tapered neck is attached to the lower surface of the base plate and adapted to be connected to a drilling string.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2009
    Inventor: Quinton Q. Quisenberry
  • Publication number: 20090025984
    Abstract: A bit mold is milled using a turning stage which forms a base mold component and a base gagering component. Next, a blade milling stage is performed in which the base mold component and base gagering component are milled to define integral junkslot formers separated by blade regions. Lastly, a pocket milling stage is performed in which the blade regions and integral junkslot formers of the base mold component are milled to define a plurality of cutter pockets in primary and perhaps secondary rows. Each cutter pocket includes a seat portion and a face portion. The milling of the pocket milling stage provides, at one or more of the cutter pockets, a facet. This facet is provided in an area about the junkslot former associated with the face portion of the cutter pocket, the face portion having, due to the presence of the facet, a surface for matching a cutter core displacement end surface without voids of a size which would require the use of fill material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2008
    Publication date: January 29, 2009
    Applicant: Varel International, Ind., L.P.
    Inventors: Scott Buteaud, Cary Maurstad
  • Publication number: 20080296070
    Abstract: An improved cutter for fixed cutter drill bits includes a base portion with a longitudinal axis that extends through a center of the base portion and a cutting face which is generally centered with the base portion. The cutting face has a periphery edge geometry comprising a first arcuate segment and a second arcuate segment spaced apart and arranged opposite each other with linear edge segments disposed there between forming sides of the cutting face. The cutting face spans a maximum edge-to-edge dimension L in a first direction that corresponds to a major axis of the cutting face. The cutting face spans a maximum edge-to-edge dimension W in a second direction, which is perpendicular to the first direction, and W is less than L.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2007
    Publication date: December 4, 2008
    Applicant: SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Yuelin Shen, Youhe Zhang, Sujian Huang, Peter T. Cariveau
  • Patent number: 7392866
    Abstract: The invention is embodied in a heavy duty drill bit for hard/soft rock drilling comprising a high fatigue-resistant, high alloy steel bit body having a PCD cutter member and an enlarged shank portion constructed to accommodate torsional forces at high thrust pressures, and reamer means for compensating the effect of bore hole rifling. The invention further involves the method of forming a roof bolting matrix in extremely hard rock formations having a compression strength up to about 50,000 psi using PCD wafers on a high tensile strength steel body coupled by a heavy duty shank through high fatigue-resistant reamer means to a high strength drive steel member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Assignee: The William Brady Loving Trust
    Inventor: William J. Brady
  • Publication number: 20040084221
    Abstract: A drilling head (1) is disclosed, in particular for introduction into pipelines, with a rear connector piece (2) and a forward cutting body (3) of the size of the diameter, comprising cutting ribs (4), extending in the advancing direction (V), which have a convex arch and have a cutting edge (5) on both sides of the radial end thereof in the direction of the circumference. Conventional drilling heads can be applied only with difficulty in curved pipelines and have a tendency to damage the inner wall of the pipeline. The disclosed drilling head (1) has a cutting body (3) with a conical cutting head tip (7), surrounded by the back-cut tips (6) of the cutting ribs (4) which lie set back along a longitudinal axis (Y).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2003
    Publication date: May 6, 2004
    Inventor: Ute Petra Luth
  • Publication number: 20030066663
    Abstract: The key to this invention of a rotary hand-held tilling and weed removing device is simplicity. The three part design consisting of a 36″ shaft; a “T” shaped handle and two lock collars and only weighing 1.5 pounds makes it a multi purpose garden tool for use with any ⅜ household drill. Easlily attached to the drill chuck, the 2 inch wide rotary arms allow tilling and weed removal in very confined areas and precision control from the shaft handle adds to the ease of use. This simple design does not require blade or tiller bar replacement making it very cost effective. A low carbon, one piece, steel shaft requires no maintenance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2001
    Publication date: April 10, 2003
    Inventor: Robert McKill
  • Patent number: 6454029
    Abstract: The invention concerns a rotary boring bit, typically for coal drilling applications. The bit (10) of the invention is in the form of a hardmetal blade and includes a cutting edge (18) having an outwardly projecting gable shaped cutting formation on either side of the intended axis of rotation (A). The bit has parallel side edges (14 and 16) which extend between the cutting edge (18) and the base of the bit. In the preferred bit, the apices of the cutting formations lie in a common plane normal to the axis of rotation (A) but are unequally spaced from the axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2002
    Inventors: Danie Johannes Loots, Dermot Clement Stobart
  • Publication number: 20020011359
    Abstract: The apparatus includes an annular cam rotatably located in a housing with a drill shaft extending through the cam and housing. The shaft can be rotated for drilling purposes and be moved longitudinally in the housing for shifting purposes. The cam has grooves in its outer surface for receiving a cam follower carried by the shaft which rotates the cam as the shaft is moved longitudinally for shifting purposes. The shaft may be moved longitudinally in one direction to a position to engage members of a clutch such that when the shaft rotates, it rotates the housing. The shaft is movable in an opposite direction to disengage the clutch members and then is movable to locate the cam follower in the groove at different positions to allow the operator to control the longitudinal position of the shaft for turning purposes or for drilling straight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2001
    Publication date: January 31, 2002
    Inventors: Charles T. Webb, Roy L. Chandler
  • Patent number: 6227317
    Abstract: A garden auger having an auger blade with a substantially rectangular body section for use with a drill motor. The preferred auger body including toed-in wings for rapidly clearing earth from the created hole and cutters formed at one end of the auger blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Inventor: Robert P. Severns
  • Patent number: 5647448
    Abstract: A drill bit for placement on a trenchless drill, the drill bit having a substantially rectangular construction, opposed side edges, a front end edge angularly related to the side edges, and a back end edge opposite the front end edge, opposed faces, with the edges having holes located therein and a cutting tooth press punched into each of the holes to form interference fits between the cutting teeth and the drill bit, the drill bit further having mechanism for attachment of the drill bit to the trenchless drill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 15, 1997
    Inventor: Roger Dean Skaggs
  • Patent number: 5303787
    Abstract: A non-coring rotary mining tool having a bit body constructed and arranged for rock boring as in roof bolting operations, and including PCD cutter inserts of preselected size mounted at a negative angle and having substantially continuous cutting edges defining a sinusoidal cutting path from the tool axis to the gauge-cutting margins thereof; and a method of drilling rock bores utilizing moderate rotational speeds, reduced axial thrust and delivery of flushing fluids at substantially higher pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Inventor: William J. Brady
  • Patent number: 5180022
    Abstract: A rotary mining tool having a steel body adapted to be driven axially and turned in a rotational arc relative to its axis and being provided with a hardened wear surface with a cutting edge adapted for cutting engagement with a work area under the axial thrust of said tool body, the wear surface and cutting edge being constructed and arranged with a negative rake angle and a negative skew angle to position the wear surface for such cutting engagement under substantially total compression to thereby minimize tensile shear forces that would tend to break or crack the hardened wear surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1993
    Inventor: William J. Brady
  • Patent number: 5103922
    Abstract: A fishtail type drag bit is disclosed consisting of multiple blades, each blade forming radially disposed grooves. Each groove contains equidistantly spaced diamond cutters along its length. The cutters are additionally oriented at a negative rake angle with respect to a borehole bottom. The vertical alignment of the diamond cutters paralleling an axis of the bit are staggered to destroy kerfs which remain in the formation from preceding eroded rows of diamond cutters as the bit works in the borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth W. Jones
  • Patent number: 4986373
    Abstract: A post hole digger and a method of implanting a post in the ground. A boring implement having a piercing free end and also having an attachment flange is secured to an end portion of a post to be implanted in the ground. The implement has a tapered body section with a projecting serrated edge on opposed sides thereof. The serrated edges extend angularly from a common longitudinal plane and in opposed angular directions. A pipe section is secured to the implement and a garden hose is connected thereto whereby to direct a stream of water in the direction of said piercing free end whereby axial rotation and counter-rotation of said post causes the implement to bore into the ground to cause said post to descend in a bore hole. After the post is implanted the garden hose is disconnected from the pipe section by applying a pulling force on the hose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 22, 1991
    Assignee: Les Industries L.T.A. Inc./L.T.A. Industries Inc.
    Inventors: Guy Charland, Robert Beaudoin
  • Patent number: 4813500
    Abstract: A fishtail type drag bit having abradable cutter blades attached to a body of the bit is disclosed. A multiplicity of axially aligned tubes are welded together to form a blade each blade being sustantially parallel with an axis of the bit body. Each tube of the blade contains an annulus of a diamond cutter material matrix. The center of the annulus forms a fluid conduit that communicates with a fluid plenum chamber formed by the body of the bit. The cutting edge of the diamond matrix therefore, is always immediately adjacent the fluid nozzle regardless of the degree of blade erosion during operation of the bit in a subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1989
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth W. Jones
  • Patent number: 4712952
    Abstract: The invention relates to a drill for generating of holes in a work piece, preferably in a composite material. The drill comprises a cylindrical shank portion, two cutting portions projecting in the axial and radial direction of the drill and two chip gullets. The cutting portions are arranged symmetrically about the center axis of the drill and each comprising a cutting tip, a minor cutting edge and a free-cutting edge. The cutting portions are shaped such that they require a small feed force in order to drill in the work piece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1987
    Assignee: Santrade Limited
    Inventors: Karl B. Isaksson, Bror G. K. Svahn
  • Patent number: 4320925
    Abstract: A rock cutting tooth assembly for a dredge cutterhead in which each tooth has a cutting edge formed by the intersection of a cutting face substantially lengthwise with the tooth and a flank substantially transverse to the tooth, the cutting face lying in a plane which intersects the axis of the base of the tooth at a location inwardly of said base, and said plane being angularly disposed with respect to a profile plane from the center of the cutterhead to the cutting edge. Preferably, there is disposed another such tooth with its cutting face oppositely facing the first tooth cutting face and the axis of the base of the tooth is angularly disposed with respect to the axis of the adapter landing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1982
    Assignee: Florida Machine & Foundry Co.
    Inventor: Stephen M. Bowes, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4252202
    Abstract: A drill bit consisting of a tubular, main body member having a set of threads at one end thereof connectable to a drill stem and an annular mounting edge on an opposite end thereof, the mounting edge having a plurality of circumferentially spaced, longitudinally disposed recesses, the main body member having an enlarged annular portion adjacent the annular mounting edge, the enlarged portion of the main body member having a plurality of circumferentially spaced recesses disposed at an angle relative to the axis of the main body member, each of the recesses in the enlarged portion of the main body member being disposed between a set of recesses in the annular mounting edge and providing a pair of converging surfaces, a plurality of blades, each of the blades being disposed in a recess in the mounting edge, substantially radially relative to the axis of the main body member, having a recess receiving a wall portion of the main body member and a surface aligned with a surface of an adjacent set of the sets of co
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Inventor: James A. Purser, Sr.
  • Patent number: 4143723
    Abstract: A drill bit having a carbide tip brazed in the drill bit shank is disclosed for use in forming cylindrical holes in both concrete and steel by rotation about a central axis. The carbide tip has two side surfaces on opposite sides of said central axis. The top surfaces are connected by a substantially V-shaped notch which extends between the side surfaces and has its vertex off-center of the central axis to more effectively cut both concrete and steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1979
    Inventor: Norman H. Schmotzer
  • Patent number: 4074780
    Abstract: An earth auger having an integral or one piece cutting blade and pilot element so arranged that the pilot element is spaced downwardly from the shaft of the auger; the cutting blade also having a curved edge swept back from the axis of the auger to provide a slicing action as well as "threading" action to facilitate penetration of the auger into the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1976
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1978
    Inventor: Robert E. Gilbert
  • Patent number: 3960218
    Abstract: A grass-clearing device for lawn sprinkler heads, wherein the grass and sod surrounding the in-line, sprinkler head is to be trimmed therefrom, to provide an unobstructed flow of water from the sprinkler head. The device comprises a pair of adjustable, cutting blades slidably secured to a support body, the blades being provided with a centering mechanism whereby the blades can be adjusted for proper cutting relative to the size of the sprinkler head. A telescoping, handle shaft is secured to the support body, the upper end of the handle including a foldable, hand grip connected thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1975
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1976
    Inventors: Fenimore Edward Atchley, Betty Lou Gilliam