Abstract: The present invention discloses an improved dry graphite lube applicator for die cast machines. The lube applicator comprises a hopper holding dry graphite lube, a feeding chamber in gravity communication with the hopper, a feeding turn screw disposed within the feeding chamber having a plurality of spiraling turns wherein each turn holds a predetermined amount of dry graphite, a motor connected to the feeding turn screw to rotate the feeding turn screw, a dispensing chamber in communication with the feeding chamber wherein the feeding screw deposits the predetermined amount of dry graphite, an air compressor source in pressure communication with the dispensing chamber to deliver the predetermined amount of dry graphite to an injection sleeve of the die cast machine. In further embodiments of the present invention, an additional sweeper mechanism is included.
Abstract: An engine-pressurized prestart oiler for an engine having pressure lubrication is provided, which rapidly lubricates critical engine bearing surfaces prior to the starting sequence. An accumulator for storing oil and pressurized air contains an air-oil separation float, which essentially fills the internal cross-sectional area and prevents absorption of the air. Discharge and recharge of the accumulator is preferably implemented by a normally closed solenoid valve. Discharge is controlled either manually by a switch or automatically by circuitry containing ignition-off time and accumulator pressure comparators, a starter interrupter, and a prestart oiling timer. Recharge is automatic, as the solenoid valve allows oil flow whenever the engine oil pressure sufficiently exceeds the accumulator pressure. A conduit connects the accumulator, solenoid valve, and engine, connecting to the engine either at the oil pressure sensor port or through an adaptor installed between the oil filter and the oil filter mount.
Abstract: A method of controlling the oil flow rate for an internal combustion engine including: a) defining a break-in period of the engine; b) determining whether the engine is running within the break-in period; and c) varying the oil flow rate for the engine if the engine is running within said break-in period from the oil flow rate for the engine when running under normal conditions outside the break-in period such that the oil flow rate during the break-in period is generally higher than the oil flow rate under normal engine conditions.
June 15, 1998
Date of Patent:
August 8, 2000
Orbital Engine Company Australia
Stephen Reinhard Malss, David Richard Worth
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of providing nearly constant pressure during operation of a device incorporating a pressurized container and more particularly pre-ignition lubrication mechanisms for internal combustion engines, pressurized pre-combustion oiling mechanism for use with internal combustion engines, pressurized water or other fluid tanks, and pressurized fluid and other pressurized material dispensers. The present invention provides an accumulator tank containing either air or an easily condensed gas. The pressurized oil causes the air or gas in the bag to become compressed, causing a decrease in occupied volume in proportion to the pressure induced by the oil to allow the oil to occupy a suitable portion of the tank. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the pressurized oil would cause the easily condensed gas to undergo a phase change and liquify.
Abstract: A lubricant reserve system (10) includes a reservoir tank (18) coupled to an accumulator T fitting (22). Additionally, coupled to the accumulator T fitting (22) is an accumulator pressure monitoring system (24) and an electronically-actuated valve (28). The reservoir tank (18) is adapted to hold a quantity of lubricant and a volume of gas having a gas pressure. The valve (28) opens in response to a control signal generated prior to ignition of an internal combustion engine (12) to prime the engine and closes when the engine (12) is disabled. The accumulator pressure monitoring system (24) is adapted to provide an indication of sufficient priming of the engine (12) prior to ignition of the engine (12). System (10) discharges lubricant (38) from the reservoir tank (18) while the engine (12) is running when the gas pressure is greater than a lubricant pressure of the engine lubrication system (13).
Abstract: A hermetic compressor is provided. The compressor comprises: a hermetic casing; a driving motor having a stator, a rotor and a rotating shaft rotating with the rotor and having a journal formed thereon; a compressing portion driven by the driving motor for compressing a compressible medium; and a bearing for rotatably supporting the journal of the rotating shaft, wherein an oil remaining recess for containing a lubricating oil is formed on the journal when the compressor stops its operation and for supplying the oil between the journal and the bearing when the compressor starts its operation. Accordingly, the oil can be suitably supplied between the journal and the bearing when the compressor restarts, thereby preventing non-lubricating friction between the journal and the bearing.
Abstract: A compressor compresses gas containing misted oil. The compressor has a drive plate located in a crank chamber and mounted on a drive shaft and a piston operably coupled to the drive plate and located in a cylinder bore. The drive plate converts rotation of the drive shaft to reciprocating movement of the piston in the cylinder bore to vary the capacity of the cylinder bore. The piston compresses gas supplied to the cylinder bore and discharges the compressed gas from the compressor by way of a discharge chamber and a discharge passage. An oil separating mechanism is disposed midway in the discharge passage to separate the oil from the gas flowing in the discharge passage. A storing chamber is defined in the lower portion of the separating mechanism to store the oil separated from the gas. A supplying passage connects the storing chamber with the crank chamber to supply the oil to the crank chamber from the storing chamber. A supplying valve is disposed midway in the supplying passage.
Abstract: An electromagnetic valve (32) opens and closes a pressurizing passage (31). When the pressurizing passage (31) is opened, a swash plate (15) mounted on a rotary shaft (9) inclines toward the minimum inclination. As the swash plate (15) inclines toward the minimum inclination, the swash plate (15) counteracts the spring force of a suction passage opening spring (24) and pushes a transmitting cylinder (28) and a shutter (21). The shutter (21) abuts against a positioning surface (27) when the swash plate inclination corresponds to a minimum inclination and disconnects a suction passage (26) from a suction chamber (3a). The disconnection impedes refrigerant circulation in the external refrigerant circuit (35). A refrigerant circulation controlling circuit (42) energizes the electromagnetic valve (32) and opens the pressurizing passage (31) for a certain time period starting from when a drive electric source (14) is activated.
Abstract: An oil filter pump system for automatically prelubricating an internal combustion engine, uses a well known conventional oil filter design further including inlet and outlet check valves and a flexible membrane operatively connected to a prime mover. The prime mover actuates the flexible membrane back and forth from an unbiased at rest position according to an operating cycle programmed into an electronic controller. The electronic controller switches control power from the normally provided battery according to an operating cycle. The elapsed time of the operating cycle is smaller than the elapsed time for the previous prelubricating cycle to become ineffective from oil dripping from working surfaces desired to be protected from wear.
Abstract: Oil pump for a variable speed hermetic compressor, comprising: a hermetic shell (1), which defines a lubricant oil sump (2) at its bottom and which lodges therewithin a cylinder block (3), supporting a vertical eccentric shaft (5), which carries an electric motor rotor (8), said eccentric shaft (5) being provided with at least one oil channel (9), having an upper end (9a) opened to the external part of the upper median portion of the eccentric shaft (5), said eccentric shaft (5) supporting at its lower end (5b) a pump rotor (10); at least one oil conducting channel (20), which is machined to the body of said rotor (8) and which presents a lower end opening (20b) facing the pump rotor (10) and an upper end opening (20a) for oil discharge to said oil channel (9), said oil conducting channel (20) having at least the part of its length, that includes the upper end opening (20a), radially spaced in relation to the eccentric shaft (5); a stationary oil collecting means (30), which is attached to the cylinder block
March 24, 1997
Date of Patent:
June 9, 1998
Empresa Brasileira De Compressores S/A - Embraco
Manfred Krueger, Dietmar Erich Bernhard Lilie
Abstract: A simple pre-oiler has a hollow pressure vessel and a control valve tapped into the engine oil system. The control valve has only one moving part, a plug which is balanced by the engine oil pressure and the vessel pressure. When the engine oil pressure exceeds the vessel pressure, the control valve opens to fill the vessel. When start-up occurs, a solenoid opens the control valve to discharge the vessel's pressurized oil into the engine oiling system. A filler plug allows a metered amount of oil to be added to the vessel. Air pressure can then be added to the vessel. By timing the period to empty the vessel's oil into a non-running engine, an engine-wear test is accomplished.
Abstract: A lubricating device for a motor vehicle including (a) a power transmission system having rotating members which are all at rest upon stopping of the vehicle, (b) a casing accommodating the power transmission system and storing a lubricating oil, and (c) an oil pump which is driven by the power transmission system and which operates to deliver the oil from the bottom portion of the casing to lubricating points of the power transmission system. An oil reservoir is provided to store a predetermined amount of the oil delivered by the pump, when a delivery amount of the pump exceeds a predetermined value with an increase in the speed of the power transmission system.
Abstract: A pre-start engine oiler for internal combustion engines provides a pressurized charge of oil to the lubricating system when the ignition key is turned to the on position and prior to engaging the starter. A reservoir connected with a valve body is supplied with oil under pressure from the engine lubricating system through a check valve disposed in an oil passage in the body when the oil pump pressure exceeds the reservoir pressure during the course of operation. The oil passage is connected by an oil line to an existing oil conduit by a tee or to an adapter installed between the oil filter and the engine block. Oil ports above and below the check valve extend between the oil passage and a piston chamber containing a sliding piston which normally closes flow through the oil ports. The piston is retracted by a solenoid connected in series to the ignition circuit through an electronic timer and switch.
Abstract: An apparatus for providing lubricant to thrust bearings and rotors of a rotary screw compressor. The apparatus includes a temperature sensor for sensing the temperature of the lubricant supplied to the rotors; a pressure sensor for measuring the pressure of the compressed gas discharged from the compressor; and a speed sensor for detecting the operating speed of the rotors. An electronic controller responsive to signals received from the temperature sensing means, the pressure sensing means and the speed sensing selectively opens and closes the second valve means to optimize the volume of lubricant supplied to the compressor rotors, and also controls the first valve to control the flow of lubricant to the thrust bearings. A pressure regulator controls the supply of lubricant to the thrust bearings in response to input signals received from the electronic controller.
Abstract: An apparatus to pre-lubricate an engine to avoid undue wear and to augment an engine's main lubrication pump with an auxiliary oil pump attached between the oil filter and the engine which directs lubrication from the engine's sump through the existing filter and into the engine's conventional lubrication circuit.
Abstract: A lubricating oil feeding apparatus of an internal combustion engine can adjust an amount of oil fed to each bearing and provides for a reduced number of parts for a shaft portion structure of a starter driven gear. In the engine, a balancer shaft is synchronously rotated with a crankshaft. The crankshaft and the balancer shaft are rotatably supported on a split surface of a crankcase by plain bearings. Parallel oil passages communicate with oil holes provided in the plain bearings for exclusively feeding lubricating oil to at least the crankshaft and the balancer shaft. The opening areas of the oil holes provided in the plain bearings of the balancer shaft are smaller than the oil holes provided in the plain bearings of the crankshaft. An outer portion of a starter one-way clutch can also be integrally fitted on a rotor. A driven gear of the starter is connected to a starter drive gear of a starter motor by intermediate gears. The diameter D.sub.
Abstract: A pre-oiling system for automatically injecting oil into the oil gallery lubricating system of an automotive engine prior to start up. The assembly includes an outer vessel, a manifold valve block, which is attached to the outer vessel and includes a solenoid valve, and a control circuit for logic control of the solenoid valve. An air replenishment assembly is positioned on the outer vessel permitting measurement of the pressure in the outer vessel and also allowing for air to be added to the outer vessel to pressurize oil contained within the outer vessel. In one embodiment, the air replenishment assembly includes a schrader valve which provides replacement air to the outer vessel and the spare tire. Oil is automatically injected into the oil gallery lubricating system upon the engine starting. Specifically, the solenoid valve is opened in response to the engine being started which allows pressurized oil to flow from the outer vessel to the oil gallery of the engine.
Abstract: To be used with an internal combustion engine having an oil reserve wherein engine oil is contained, and an engine internal oil pressure system structured to distribute lubricating oil to the wearing parts of the engine from the oil reserve of the engine, a pre-starting lubrication system which includes an oil reservoir to contain a quantity of engine oil to be supplied through an oil flow corridor of the reservoir to the engine internal oil pressure system for pre-starting lubrication of the wearing parts of the engine. The pre-starting lubrication system is structured to constantly maintain an acceptable supply of oil within the reservoir and will supply pre-starting lubricating oil upon a flow of pressurized air being directed into the oil reservoir, through an air flow corridor, so as to displace oil contained in the reservoir out through the oil flow corridor for pre-starting lubrication of the engine.
Abstract: A pressurized oil injection pre-lubrication system for an oil gallery in an engine block of an engine in a motor vehicle comprising a pressure accumulator and a normally closed electromagnetic valve. A component is for fluidly connecting the pressure accumulator to the electromagnetic valve. Another component is for fluidly connecting the electromagnetic valve to the oil gallery in the engine block. An ignition switch is electrically connected to the electromagnetic valve. When the ignition switch is turned to an on position, the electromagnetic valve will open to allow oil from the pressure accumulator to flow into the oil gallery in the engine block, before the ignition switch is turned to a start position to start the engine in the motor vehicle.
Abstract: A pre-oil device which uses a positive release catch/latch to allow a spring loaded piston within a resevor chamber to provide oil to an engine before the engine oil pump reaches operational levels. The solenoid which is energized to initiate the pre-oil process incorporates a slip mounting of the core to the positive release catch/latch to enhance the performance of the release and conserve energy. The device also includes an air tight mounting allowing the user to introduce pressurized air to augment the spring loading of the piston during adverse conditions. A secondary piston may be mounted within the main piston. The secondary piston recedes into the main piston under high oil pressure but applies pressure to the oil system to compensate for low pressure of the engine oil system during reduction of speed of the engine and reduced engine oil pump performance.
Abstract: An apparatus for preoiling an internal combustion engine prior to starting. This device requires no pump and is operated by vacuum and oil pressure from the engine. The apparatus is controlled by novel switching means and is recharged with hot engine oil that is drawn into a holding chamber and surrounded by an outer vacuum chamber to keep the oil warm as the vacuum serves as an insulator. This apparatus is also equipped with a dual voltage heater that can be used for warming the oil when the engine has set for long periods in cold weather. The unit is completely self contained an injects a blast of warm oil into the engine prior to starting. This reduces friction and wear to the engine. At the same time, this will reduce the load on the engine increasing efficiency at engine start-up and in turn reduce pollutants.
Abstract: Adjustment to the lubrication rate for a period of time after startup of a two-stroke internal combustion engine, wherein the magnitude of the adjustment over the period of time is determined from an estimate of the degree the lubricant has receded from the moving parts of the engine exposing the moving parts to an elevated potential for wear, and from an estimate of the rate at which lubricant in the engine may be recirculated to the moving parts to reduce the elevated potential.
Abstract: A pre-oiler assembly includes a hollow body portion with a hollow float body assembly secured to the lower end thereof. A solenoid operated three-way air valve has one port communicating with the interior of the hollow body, a second port connected to a source of air pressure, and a third port connected to the engine to vent air from the hollow body into the engine. The deactivated position of the air valve connects the first and third ports so as to vent air from an oil chamber within the hollow body, to the engine. The activated position of the air valve connects the first and second ports, such that air under pressure enters the oil chamber to force oil from the hollow body. The float body assembly at the lower end of the hollow body portion has an oil line extending therefrom to the engine to be pre-oiled. A normally closed solenoid operated oil valve is interposed in the oil line, and permits oil passage through the oil line to the engine when activated to the open position.
Abstract: A recirculatory lubrication system for applying a film of lubricant to an open gear set having a pinion gear and a bull gear in meshing engagement with the pinion gear, the open gear set at least substantially enclosed by a gear set cover having a lower portion for collecting lubricant therein.
Abstract: A compressor includes an air cooled lubricant temperature regulator and an engine for providing motive force to the compressor. A first, electric-driven, self-priming pump provides a supply of lubricant to the compressor prior to starting the engine and for a predetermined period of time after the engine is operating. The first pump is flow connected in fluid receiving relation with a lubricant reservoir. A first electronic controller means directs compressor operations, including directing operation of the first pump. A second electronic controller, external to the first controller means, directs operation of the first pump after engine operation. A second, compressor-driven, self-priming pump provides a primary lubricant pumping function during engine operation at predetermined run speeds.
Abstract: A ducted fan gas turbine engine (10) is provided with an electric motor starter unit (16). The oil lubrication system of the engine (10) is so arranged that during engine starting, the heat generated by the starter unit (16) is used to heat up the oil in the system. This reduces the viscosity of the oil, thereby facilitating easy engine starting under very cold conditions.
Abstract: An engine pre-oiler is provided which has an oil chamber and an air chamber separated by a movable diaphragm with bonded steel plate. The air chamber of the pre-oiler is operatively connected to the air source on the vehicle. The oil chamber is refilled from the engine and the air pressure supplied to the air chamber forces the oil, during the pre-oil cycle, to the engine.
Abstract: A device for monitoring the output pressure of an automatic oil pump and for controlling the intermittent timing sequence of the oil pump in accordance with the output pressure. A pressure sensing switch monitors the oil injection pressure and an integral watchdog timer insures that the oil pump injection pressure reaches a saturation level before a predetermined timeout occurs.
Abstract: A lubricant charging device for use with internal combustion engines. The device includes an adaptor for being interposed between a filter mounting plate on an engine and a spin-on type oil filter. The adaptor has first and second faces for matably engaging the filter mounting plate and oil filter, respectively. An auxiliary pump is provided, along with tubing for communicating lubricant between the sump of the engine, to the auxiliary pump, and from the auxiliary pump to the adaptor. The pump may be electrically driven so that it may be energized before the engine is started. Thus, a quantity of pressurized oil may be introduced into the working areas of the engine before starting the engine. A backflow plate and a check valve are provided to restrict the lubricant flow during prestart lubricant charging and during engine operation to ensure that the lubricant flows through the oil filter before its introduction to the working parts of the engine.
Abstract: A pre-lubrication system (14) for an internal combustion engines (10) having a pressurized lubrication system (12) is provided which serves to rapidly pre-lubricate internal engine components during an engine ignition sequence. The assembly (14) preferably includes a vessel (16) adapted to hold a charge of lubricant under positive pressure, together with a valve assembly (19) and conduit (54) coupling the vessel (16) and the engine lubrication system (12). The valve assembly (19) preferably includes a solenoid operated valve (58) and a parallel check valve (60) which cooperatively permit filling of the vessel (16) with lubricant during normal engine operation, while maintaining a pressurized charge of lubricant within the vessel (16) when the engine (10) is stopped. The solenoid valve (58) is preferably wired (80, 82) for selective and/or automatic valve opening during an ignition sequence.
Abstract: A radial refrigerant compressor assembly for use in automotive refrigerant systems and capable of being cycled between on and off conditions having a fluid passageway extending between the bottom portion of the discharge chamber which operates at discharge pressure and the suction chamber which operates at a reduced suction pressure. A valve is disposed within the fluid passageway and regulates the flow of lubricant between the discharge and suction chambers under the force of the pressure differential existing between these chambers just after the compressor is cycled on and just after the compressor is cycled off.
Abstract: An accumulator for withdrawing and holding lubricant under pressure and returning the same to the lubrication system of an internal combustion engine that includes a spring loaded closed pintle valve cooperating with the accumulator reservoir that is opened by energizing a solenoid in response to initiating the starting of the engine to inject lubricant back into the engine adjacent the moving parts of the engine. A check valve through a central passageway internally of the pintle valve loads the lubricant from the engine into the reservoir and maintains its pressure until the cycle is repeated.
Abstract: A pre-start lubricating system for reducing wear in internal combustion engines delivers lubricating oil into an engine oiling system at a pressure greater than the engine's normal operating oil pressure before the engine is cranked. The pre-start lubricating system involves the engine's vacuum, electrical and oiling system. The pre-start lubrication system has a pressure vessel of desired volume with a vacuum communicator and an oil communicator with a first aperture. A piston inside the pressure vessel between the oil communicator and the vacuum communicator defines an oil storage reservoir and a vacuum reservoir. Connected to the piston is a piston spring for biasing the piston against oil pressure and vacuum and for raising oil pressure in the oil reservoir after the engine has been shut down and the vacuum in the vacuum reservoir has dissipated.
Abstract: A pre-ignition lubricating system for an internal combustion engine includes an auxiliary oil pump that is activated in response to the driver's door of a vehicle being opened. A timer circuit insures adequate pre-lubrication after the driver's door is closed.
Abstract: An internal combustion engine oil change system including an oil filter equipped with a check valve fill fitting. During an oil change, new oil is supplied to the engine through the check valve fitting, thus both filling the filter with oil and back flushing the engine's oil pump. An oil supply mechanism including a tank adapted to hold an appropriate pre-measured quantity of oil under air pressure is provided. A flexible hose with a quick disconnect female coupling connects the tank to the filter fitting for delivering oil from the tank through the filter into the engine.
Abstract: An oil level regulator for an internal combustion engine, provided with a lubricating oil sump and a starter motor operated by an ignition switch having an ignition lock. An enclosed measuring chamber communicates with the oil in the engine sump, so that the same oil level occurs in the measuring chamber as in the sump. A tank for topping-up oil is connected to the sump by a controllable shut-off device. A level measuring device in the form of a sensor emits an electrical signal as to whether the oil level is correct or too low. If "correct", then the ignition lock is released for a predetermined period, so that the engine can be started. If "too low", a shut-off device is opened for a predetermined period, to allow a certain quantity of oil to the sump, then to measure the oil level again and, if "correct", to release the ignition lock.
Abstract: A compressor has a motor and a compressor mechanism connected to the motor. The motor has a coil and is lubricated with lubricant. The compressor mechanism sucks and compresses low-pressure coolant and discharges high-pressure coolant. The compressor comprises a unit for preheating the lubricant, and a unit for detecting line-to-line impedance of the coil of the motor to know the quantity of a mixture of liquified coolant and the lubricant, and controlling activation of the preheating unit and of the compressor according to a result of the detection.
Abstract: An improved prelubricator and pressurized lubricating fluid reservoir assembly for use primarily with an internal combustion engine, comprising a hollow cylindrical container coupled to the engine lubricating system and mounted at an angle between about 20.degree. and 90.degree. with respect to the horizontal. The container may be coupled to the engine by a valve assembly which permits the unrestricted flow of lubricating fluid out of the reservoir during start up of the engine or during periods of low oil pressure, and into the reservoir during periods of normal engine operation. Also disclosed is an assembly which is particularly advantageous for lubricating the center bearing of an exhaust-driven turbocharger.
Abstract: An oil filter for an internal combustion engine lubrication system has an anti-drainback valve that is temporarily held open with a quantity of special grease during the initial filling of the engine's oil lubrication system with oil, and then passively melts or dissipates upon contact with the oil so as to allow the anti-drainback valve to thereafter close.
Abstract: A prelubricating system for an internal combustion engine includes an oil intake dimensioned for insertion into the dipstick well of the engine. The oil intake tube is connected to an inlet side of an electric pump. An outlet side of the pump is connected to the oil pressure sender coupling aperture on the engine block for supplying oil to internal oil passages. A pressure activated switch causes actuation of the electric oil pump when the engine ignition switches is activated. When a predetermined oil pressure is achieved, the electric pump is deactuated and the engine starter motor solenoid is energized. In a second embodiment, the system includes an electric oil heater and a thermostatic control for preventing starting of the engine until a predetermined oil pressure and temperature has been reached. The oil intake tube includes a quick release coupling and a graduated scale for measuring the quantity of oil in the sump.
Abstract: A combination of electrical, mechanical and hydraulic components specifically arranged in communication with the existing lubrication system of high performance internal combustion engines, such as are utilized in the motor home industry, so as to enable the pre-lubing of the moving parts of the engine before it is started or turned over, the components of which are existing items of manufacture and the combination can be readily installed by owners without expensive modifications to the engine, said prelube system being primarily comprised of the removal of engine oil from the oil pan sump, pressurization of the oil by an electrically-driven pump and reinsertion of the oil into the engine through a one-quarter inch pipe Tee adapter, placed between the oil-sender and the engine block at the end of the engine farthest away from the engine-driven oil pump, said prelube system being controlled by a manually-activated electrical switch on the dashboard of the vehicle.
Abstract: The invention relates to a lubricating device for a turbomachine with a main oil pump mechanically connected to a central rotor shaft, which main oil pump exhibits an input port or, respectively, an output port which is connected for fluid with a suction line or, respectively, a discharge line, and including a hydraulically driven oil pump unit, including a motor and a pump, disposed in the region of the oil container, which oil pump unit pumps lubricating oil from the oil container via a main supply line to the consumer points. The motor of the oil pump unit is driven by the oil flowing out of the discharge line of the main oil pump, and the pump is mechanically driven by the motor, and withdraws oil from the oil container.
Abstract: A device for supplying lubricating oil in a transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism comprising: an input shaft; an output shaft disposed parallel to the input shaft; a first rotary body provided on the input shaft; a second rotary body provided on the output shaft; a transmission member for interlocking the first rotary body with the second rotary body; and, a transmission mechanism case forming a transmission mechanism chamber separated from the exterior for housing the transmission mechanism; and, the lubricating oil supply device comprising: a partition wall assembly with an opening disposed in the transmission mechanism case chamber and defining an oil chamber to contain the lubricating oil scattered by the rotation of the transmission mechanism through the opening; and, a lubricating oil supply passage connected to the oil chamber to supply the transmission mechanism with lubricating oil, the passage being disposed at a level lower than the opening, whereby oil scattered by operation of the tr
January 21, 1986
Date of Patent:
January 30, 1990
Aisin-Warner Limited, Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki
Abstract: The invention relates to a prelubrication system for an engine. It is desirable to prelubricate relatively large engines to prevent possible damage of certain components such as the crankshaft and camshaft bearings. Engines that must be started in a matter of seconds are provided with prelube pumps that run continually. During long periods of continuous prelube lubrication fluid being pumped upward into the upper rocker arm area may find its way into combustion chambers and result in damage of engine components. The present system provides a fluid level control device that prevents lubrication fluid from reaching the upper rocker arm area of the engine when the engine is not running and disables the control device when the engine is running allowing the supply of lubricant to reach the upper rocker arm area.
Abstract: A pre-lubricant oil pressure adapter that enables oil and oil pressure to be supplied to an engine before it is engaged to crank. The adapter is comprised of an oil pump that is linked to an oil filter, and both of these are in turn linked to an oil system of an engine. Oil from the engine oil system is able to flow into the filter through the linkage, as well as oil from the oil pump. The oil cleaned by the filter passes from the filter back into the engine. When the engine is started, a delay switch allows the pump to operate but not the engine. The switch senses when the pressure is great enough in the engine and at that time allows the engine to engage. The pump is then disengaged. In another embodiment, the oil pump is disposed in the engine and is fluidically connected to an existing oil pump of an engine to provide oil pressure to the engine before it is engaged to crank.
Abstract: A hydraulic gear pump for the oil lubrication system of an automobile engine is disclosed, and wherein the meshing teeth of the gears define fluid cells which are expanded in the intake portion and receive the fluid from an inlet, and then compressed in the discharge portion to expel the fluid. The inlet to the pump includes at least two parallel fluid lines which are each connected to a tank. A pressure controlled valve is connected to one or both of the fluid lines, and during the normal operating range of output pressure, the valve is controlled by the pressure in the pump discharge chamber so as to decrease the flow through the lines from a maximum flow rate to a lower flow rate as the output pressure increases. In the event the engine and oil are cold, the output pressure will increase beyond the normal operating range, since the oil consumption is small.
Abstract: A system for automatically injecting lubricating oil into the lubricating system of an engine prior to startup of the engine or following shutdown of the engine is described which comprises a solenoid controlled spring-loaded piston and cylinder arrangement which is filled with oil under pressure during normal engine operation and a control circuit responsive to the ignition switch of the engine for controlled or metered release of oil from the cylinder either just prior to engine startup or after engine shutdown.
April 28, 1988
Date of Patent:
May 2, 1989
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
Abstract: The rotating components of an exhaust gas driven turbocharger are supported by a pair of axially separated ball bearings having an outer race and an inner race. A spacer between the bearings engages the outer race of both bearings and exerts a preload bias on the outer races of the bearings urging the outer races away from one another. Accordingly the bearings are preloaded so that centrifugal forces generated during high speed operation will not force the ball bearing away from the inner races.
Abstract: In a turbine plant having a starter housed in a starter chamber containing splash lubrication oil bath, the plant lubrication circuit is arranged to feed clean oil to a non-polluting chamber disposed intermediate the starter chamber and the chamber of the power take-off unit of the plant. The partition separating the starter chamber and the intermediate chamber has at least one through passage so that the oil baths of the two chambers are in permanent communication, and the passage is fitted with a filtering strainer to prevent contaminants entering the intermediate chamber, and hence the plant lubrication circuit, from the starter chamber. The partition between the intermediate chamber and the chamber of the power take-off unit is provided with an overflow passage so that excess oil in the intermediate chamber flows freely into the power take-off chamber.
November 18, 1987
Date of Patent:
October 25, 1988
Societe Nationale d'Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d'Aviation
Abstract: An improvement for lubricating internal combustion engines whereby an external source of pressurized oil is connected through the engine oil filter port into cooperative association with the internal engine lubrication galleys and the engine starting mechanism, whereby oil pressure is applied to critical internal parts of the engine before the starting mechanism is enabled, thereby to ensure adequate lubrication for engine starting.