Miscellaneous Patents (Class 196/155)
  • Patent number: 10844291
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for treating a hydrocarbon-based feedstock, comprising a) a step of extracting the feedstock, b) a step of separating the fraction comprising de-asphalted oil, c) an optional step of injecting a withdrawal flux into the fraction comprising asphalt, d) an optional step of separating the fraction comprising asphalt and solvent or solvent mixture obtained from the extraction step a), e) an optional step of injecting a withdrawal flux into the asphalt fraction alone or as a mixture with a withdrawal flux obtained from step d) and an integrated step of conditioning the asphalt fraction obtained from steps a) and/or c) and/or d) and/or e), in solid form, performed in successive or simultaneous substeps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Wilfried Weiss, Jean-Francois Le Coz
  • Patent number: 8980080
    Abstract: A system and process for integrated desulfurizing, desalting and deasphalting of hydrocarbon feedstocks is provided. A hydrocarbon feedstock, a water soluble oxidant, and a water soluble catalyst can be introduced in a oxidation zone and retained for a period of time sufficient to achieve the desired degree of desulfurization, or introduced directly into the desalting zone along with wash water. Catalyst and dissolved salt are discharged along with the wastewater effluent from the desalting zone. A hydrocarbon stream including converted hydrocarbons and oxidation by-products is passed to a deasphalting zone. In the deasphalting zone, phase separation occurs, whereby a light phase including desulfurized hydrocarbons are produced, and a heavy phase including asphaltenes and oxidation by-products are discharged, e.g., passed to an asphalt pool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Omer Refa Koseoglu, Abdennour Bourane
  • Patent number: 8940154
    Abstract: A system and process for the preparation of high quality gasoline through recombination of catalytic hydrocarbon includes fractionator and extractor. The upper part of the fractionator is equipped with light petrol pipeline, the lower part of the fractionator is equipped with heavy petrol pipeline, the middle part of the fractionator is equipped with medium petrol pipeline. The medium petrol pipeline is connected with a medium petrol extractor, the upper part of the medium petrol extractor is connected with the medium petrol raffinate oil hydrogenation unit through the pipeline, the lower part of the medium petrol extractor is connected with the medium petrol aromatic hydrocarbon hydrogenation unit through the pipeline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Ranfeng Ding
  • Patent number: 8936700
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system and a method for the extraction of hydrocarbons from drill cuttings in drilling mud. The system for extracting hydrocarbons from drill cuttings includes at least one extraction tank, a carbon dioxide tank fluidly connected to the at least one extraction tank, and at least one separation tank in fluid communication with the at least one extraction tank. The method for extracting hydrocarbons from drill cuttings consists of exposing the drill cuttings to liquid carbon dioxide, solubilizing hydrocarbons from the drill cuttings with the liquid carbon dioxide, heating the liquid carbon dioxide and the soluble hydrocarbons to convert liquid carbon dioxide to carbon dioxide vapor, separating the hydrocarbons from the carbon dioxide vapor, and collecting the separated hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: Paul Newman, Mukesh Kapila, Zoran Markanovic
  • Patent number: 8840780
    Abstract: A device for processing a hydrocarbon resource may include a hydrocarbon processing container configured to receive the hydrocarbon resource therein and having a pair of opposing ends with an enlarged width medial portion therebetween. The device may also include a radio frequency (RF) source, and a first spirally wound electrical conductor surrounding the hydrocarbon processing container and coupled to the RF source. The device may further include a second spirally wound electrical conductor carried within the hydrocarbon processing container. The first spirally wound electrical conductor may be configured to generate magnetic fields with the hydrocarbon processing container that are parallel with an axis thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Patent number: 8709215
    Abstract: A process comprising receiving a hydrocarbon feed stream comprising carbon dioxide, separating the hydrocarbon feed stream into a light hydrocarbon stream and a heavy hydrocarbon stream, separating the light hydrocarbon stream into a carbon dioxide-rich stream and a carbon dioxide-lean stream, and feeding the carbon dioxide-lean stream into a hydrocarbon sweetening process, thereby increasing the processing capacity of the hydrocarbon sweetening process compared to the processing capacity of the hydrocarbon sweetening process when fed the hydrocarbon feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Pilot Energy Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: Eric Prim
  • Publication number: 20130267750
    Abstract: A reactor has an inner surface accessible to the hydrocarbon and comprising a sintered product of at least one of cerium oxide, zinc oxide, tin oxide, zirconium oxide, boehmite and silicon dioxide, and a perovskite material of formula AaBbCcDdO3-?. 0<a<1.2, 0?b?1.2, 0.9<a+b?1.2, 0<c<1.2, 0?d?1.2, 0.9<c+d?1.2, ?0.5<?<0.5. A is selected from calcium, strontium, barium, and any combination thereof. B is selected from lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, and any combination thereof. C is selected from cerium, zirconium, antimony, praseodymium, titanium, chromium, manganese, ferrum, cobalt, nickel, gallium, tin, terbium and any combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Yanfei Gu, Wenqing Peng, Shizhong Wang, Chuan Lin, Lawrence Bernard Kool, Zhaoping Wu, Qijia Fu, Zhigang Deng
  • Patent number: 8535485
    Abstract: A system for forming an oil sand slurry from mined oil sand is provided, comprising a slurry preparation tower having an intake opening through which oil sand enters the slurry preparation tower, a first sizer device to comminute the oil sand passing through it, a second sizer device to further comminute the oil sand, and a pump box for receiving oil sand that has passed through the second sizer and feeding it to a pump; at least one conveyor, having a discharge end, for transporting mined oil sand to the slurry preparation tower; a metal detector for detecting a piece of metal in the mined oil sand and transmitting a signal; and a metal rejection device operative to, in response to the signal from the metal detector, reject a portion of oil sand containing the piece of metal before the portion of oil sand enters the slurry preparation tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Syncrude Canada Ltd.
    Inventors: Ron Cleminson, David Fudge, Michael Carniato
  • Publication number: 20130180885
    Abstract: A device for processing a hydrocarbon resource may include a hydrocarbon processing container configured to receive the hydrocarbon resource therein and having a pair of opposing ends with an enlarged width medial portion therebetween. The device may also include a radio frequency (RF) source, and a first spirally wound electrical conductor surrounding the hydrocarbon processing container and coupled to the RF source. The device may further include a second spirally wound electrical conductor carried within the hydrocarbon processing container. The first spirally wound electrical conductor may be configured to generate magnetic fields with the hydrocarbon processing container that are parallel with an axis thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: Harris Corporation
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Publication number: 20130092599
    Abstract: Methods and systems of upgrading hydrocarbon material, such as bituminous material, are described. The methods and systems can reduce or eliminate the need for the use of atmospheric and/or vacuum distillation towers by instead using clyconic separation apparatus. The methods and systems can include the use of one or more cyclonic separation apparatus aligned in series in order to separate out a high boiling point fraction of the hydrocarbon material and then upgrading the high boiling point hydrocarbon material in a nozzle reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: MARATHON OIL CANADA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jose Armando Salazar, Mahendra Joshi, Dominic J. Zelnik
  • Patent number: 8128786
    Abstract: Equipment and a process for separating bitumen from oil sand in a process stream are described. The equipment includes several processing vessels and one or more local area radio frequency applicators to selectively heat the process stream in local areas of the equipment. The local area can be adjacent to an input or output of a component of the equipment. Also described is equipment for processing an oil sand—water slurry, including a slurrying vessel, a slurry pipe, and a local area radio frequency applicator. The local area radio frequency applicator is located outside of the slurry pipe, and heats the local area without significantly heating the contents of the slurrying vessel or of the downstream portion of the slurry pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: John White, Francis Eugene Parsche, Victor Hernandez, Derik T. Ehresman, Mark E. Blue
  • Patent number: 7968063
    Abstract: A mercury removal apparatus for a liquid hydrocarbon includes a conversion device which converts a mercury component in a raw liquid hydrocarbon into elemental mercury to obtain a first liquid hydrocarbon containing the elemental mercury. The apparatus also includes a first stripping device which brings the first liquid hydrocarbon into counter-current contact with a first stripping gas, thereby transferring the elemental mercury in the first liquid hydrocarbon to the first stripping gas to obtain (i) a second liquid hydrocarbon in which the amount of the elemental mercury decreases and (ii) a first gaseous hydrocarbon containing the elemental mercury.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignees: JGC Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromitsu Shibuya, Kazuo Sato, Yoshiyuki Yamaguchi, Senichiro Kaku
  • Patent number: 7917307
    Abstract: In an oil sample analysis calculator (100) for analyzing results of oil samples from an engine, the oil sample analysis calculator (100) includes an input module (110) which receives an input data set (140), a processing module (130) which receives the input data set (140) from the input module (110) and corrects the input data set (140) based on at least one of an amount of oil added to the engine and an amount of oil removed from the engine, and an output module (120) which receives the input data set (140) corrected by the processing module (130) and outputs an output data set (150).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Alstom Transportation Inc.
    Inventor: Donald W. Bolt
  • Patent number: 7588664
    Abstract: A vacuum column for oil distillation incorporates a thickened plate that has a layer of erosion-resistant material that is thicker than the corrosion-resistant thickness of an adjacent column section. Use of thickened, explosive- or roll-bonded clad plates may provide better service than either conventional plug-welded liners or conventional shell plates with weld overlays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2009
    Assignee: Chicago Bridge & Iron Company
    Inventors: Fahim E. Shadid, Alan W. Green
  • Publication number: 20090020454
    Abstract: The present invention is an improved regenerated catalyst bend assembly for a fluid catalytic cracking unit. In a preferred embodiment, the reduced elevation (“RE-bend” or “REL-bend”) regenerated catalyst return line assembly of the present invention has an outlet elevation that is lower than the inlet elevation of the RE-bend or REL-bend regenerated catalyst return line assembly, and a process for utilizing the assembly in a fluid catalytic cracking unit. The present invention is especially useful in the modification of existing fluid catalytic cracking units to lower the elevation of the outlet of the regenerated catalyst return line assembly, thereby providing needed space to increase the fluid catalytic cracking reactor riser length.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2007
    Publication date: January 22, 2009
    Inventors: Brian A. Cunningham, Christopher G. Smalley, Rathna P. Davuluri, Dana W. Nouri
  • Patent number: 7393435
    Abstract: Described is an injection charging system in delayed coking drums (11), comprised of at least two injection pipes (11a) connected to the sidewall of a coking drum (1) in its tricone portion, and fed by a circular distributor crown, in order to allow coupling or decoupling of the large lower flange (11e) of the coking drum (1) without needing to disconnect the injection system (11) from the pumping and heating system (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasiliero S.A.
    Inventor: Eduardo Cardoso De Melo Guerra
  • Patent number: 7381309
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for extracting sulfur compounds from a hydrocarbon stream. A prewash section for converting hydrogen sulfide to sodium sulfide by reaction with an alkali such as caustic prepares the hydrocarbon stream for extraction. Spent alkali is continuously withdrawn and regenerated alkali is continuously added to the prewash section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Luigi Laricchia, Jonathan A. Tertel
  • Patent number: 7115190
    Abstract: The present invention features a tangential injection system for use within a delayed coking system, or any other similar system. The tangential injection system comprises a spool, a tangential dispenser, and a hydro blasting system, wherein the tangential dispenser comprises a delivery main surrounding the perimeter of the spool and that functions to deliver a residual byproduct or other material to a plurality of feed lines positioned at a position or at distances around the delivery main for the purpose of providing tangential dispensing of the residual byproduct into the vessel, thus effectuating or inducing even thermal distribution throughout the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2006
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventor: Ruben F. Lah
  • Patent number: 7008514
    Abstract: A durable door opening/closing mechanism that does not require a large space for opening and closing operation such that a door and a main body such as a cab, can be freely designed. To achieve this, the door is supported by links coupled to the cab by joints. One end of the door is guided along the side of the cab by a guide rail. When a rail support begins moving along the side of the cab while being guided by the guide rail, a couple of forces, causing the door to rotate, act on the joints at both ends of the links. The other end of the door is swung out of the cab towards the outside by the couple of forces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2006
    Assignee: Sumitomo Heavy Industries Construction Crane Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Seiichi Matsumura, Akira Hanahara
  • Publication number: 20030015304
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for degassing of suspension, specifically fiber stock suspension. The method according to the invention is characterized in that separated excess suspension is discharged sideways through an overflow having an overflow edge that is located in the tank outside wall and is positioned parallel to the tank axis. The device according to the invention is characterized in that the overflow includes at least one overflow having an overflow edge that is located in the tank outside wall and is positioned parallel to the tank axis and that at least one overflow system, for the purpose of discharging the separated excess suspension, is located following the overflow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Publication date: January 23, 2003
    Inventor: Karl-Heinz Beuermann
  • Publication number: 20020117376
    Abstract: An essential oil evaporator has timing control by a controller for audio and visual effect. The controller controls a loud speaker and an LED lamp in a progressive and synchronous way. Moreover, the controller also activates a heater through a trigger unit. Therefore, the user can aware the turn on and turn off of the heater with the help of audio and visual effect.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2001
    Publication date: August 29, 2002
    Inventor: Jer-Ming Cheng
  • Patent number: 5344527
    Abstract: A process for disposing of filter media is provided, which process comprises (a) mixing a filter media with a hydrocarbonaeous mixing stream to form a media-hydrocarbon mixture and (b) feeding said media-hydrocarbon mixture to a coking vessel. Preferred coking vessels include delayed cokers, fluidized cokers, and coke calciners. An apparatus for disposing of filter media is provided, which apparatus comprises (a) a coking vessel; (b) a mixer to mix the filter media with a hydrocarbonaeous mixing fluid to form a media-hydrocarbonaeous fluid mixture; and, (c) a feed means to feed the media-hydrocarbonaeous fluid mixture to the coking vessel. Preferably, the apparatus comprises a size reduction means to reduce the size of the filter media to form a media staple comprising fiber clusters having a desired shape and size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Inventor: Anthony Mickas
  • Patent number: 4994149
    Abstract: In a process for the treatment of heavy oil, in which a hydrocarbon diluent is added to the heavy oil stream, part of the diluent is substituted by an LPG liquid stream. The LPG stream is added to the heavy oil stream after removal of light components including methane and carbon dioxide to reduce the vapor pressure of the stream, producing a sales oil stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1991
    Assignee: Delta Projects Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffery E. Scott, David W. McDougall, Ronald G. Holcek
  • Patent number: 4983259
    Abstract: A mobile petroleum processor or refinery. In particular a petroleum processor or refinery which has been constructed on railroad flatbed cars. The different units that make up the refinery are mounted on individual flat bed railroad cars and connected together. These cars can be moved over railroad networks to provide a petroleum refinery which can be moved in, set up, operated and taken down in a short time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 8, 1991
    Inventors: James W. Duncan, Lawner L. Knox
  • Patent number: 4664246
    Abstract: Apparatus is provided for overbasing a petroleum sulfonate in a multi-vessel reaction system in which a first reactor is a plug flow reactor in which a feedstock is fed in the top of the first reactor with carbon dioxide fed near the bottom of the first reactor and with the product of the first reactor passed to a second reactor that is a continuous stirred tank reactor for additional reaction with carbon dioxide. Optionally, the continuous stirred tank reactor is the first in a series of continuous stirred tank reactors with passing a product effluent seriatim through the series of reactors and recovery of product from the last reactor in the series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: J. Ronald Spence, Douglas S. Jack
  • Patent number: 4359381
    Abstract: An apparatus for regenerating used mixtures for road pavement including an asphalt concrete mixture and a cement concrete mixture is provided with a first vibration sieve, conveyer, passage, roof, transferring means, guide means such as a V-shape plate and a screw conveyer, spray means such as water supply pipes, discharging means such as a hoist device, and a second vibration sieve. The asphalt concrete mixture together with others are sorted by the first vibration sieve, transferred in a given direction by the transferring means such as a container, heated by the hot water from the spray means, subdivided and sorted by the second vibration sieve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1982
    Inventor: Michio Jinno
  • Patent number: 4334605
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided for handling and treating heavy waste hydrocarbons. The device comprises a pit heater for at least partially liquifying the hydrocarbon waste to render it pumpable. A positive displacement pump has its inlet adjacent the pit heater and pumps and partially liquified material out of a pit and into a heater-blender. In the heater-blender, a relatively high gravity crude oil is mixed with the heavy hydrocarbon waste and the temperature of the mixture is elevated by injecting steam thereinto. The blend exiting from the heater-blender is on the order of 200.degree. F. The hydrocarbon component of the blended material is in the range of 15.degree.-25.degree. API. The blend is discharged into a holding tank which has the capacity for reheating the material if necessary. The blend is withdrawn from the storage tank and processed to break the water-hydrocarbon emulsion and remove the water therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1982
    Inventor: Franz A. Hitt
  • Patent number: 4250017
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for separating tar from a tar sand mixture. The separating step is by a novel mechanical process avoiding the complication of heating, freezing and the use of solvents. In the process a suitable suspension liquid is added to a tar sand mixture which is then struck with a plurality of striker arms to separate tar from said particles and agglomerate tar into droplets. After the striking step, the sand particles are allowed to settle to the bottom and tar droplets rise and float, the tar droplets are skimmed off the mixture, and the tar droplets are also scraped off the striker arms. The resulting tar droplets are washed at least once to remove remaining sand particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 10, 1981
    Inventor: Lucio V. Reale