By Fluid-containing Cushion Patents (Class 2/413)
  • Patent number: 11109633
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a helmet comprising a shell; and a force redirection member disposed between the shell and a head when the helmet is worn, the member configured to redirect a force impacting on the shell to a direction different from the original direction of the impact on the shell. The present invention also relates to a method to decrease the risk of injury to a person wearing a helmet, caused by rotational forces when the helmet is impacted by a force characterized by a specific direction having a first vector, the method comprising redirecting the force into a different direction having a second vector, wherein the direction of the second vector is selected to reduce the risk of a specified injury associated with acceleration of the head in the direction of the first vector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: MIPS AB
    Inventor: Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
  • Patent number: 11109631
    Abstract: A device for detecting a force or pressure applied to an object is disclosed. The device (200) comprises a first flexible substrate layer (101) having a first plurality of pressure sensors (103) thereon; and a first plurality of electrically conductive tracks (102); wherein the first plurality of electrically conductive tracks are arranged to provide an electrical connection to the plurality of pressure sensors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: HP1 Technologies Limited
    Inventor: Timothy Nicholas Moor
  • Patent number: 11064753
    Abstract: A dual functioning head protection device for a fall prone user including a c-shaped neck collar that is configured to compress the jugular veins of the user during application to the user's neck and an expandable airbag helmet that is removably affixed to the collar. The airbag helmet includes an inflatable inner bag surrounded by an outer bag, such that the structure of the outer bag defines a shape of the airbag helmet when the inner bag is inflated. The inner bag includes a number of chambers which inflate to protect the user's skull during a fall. A trigger device in the collar detects if the user is falling and inflates the airbag helmet in such instances. This dual functioning device also protects the user's brain from brain slosh because of the collar's compression of the user's jugular veins. Compression of the vein sends blood into the skull with each fall impact, which reduces the brain's freedom to jostle around in the skull in a fall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignee: Medical Justice Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey Segal
  • Patent number: 11051572
    Abstract: An air inflatable and thus collapsible when air is removed, safety helmet preferably comprised of multiple inflatable lobes with a head conforming and surrounding inflatable ring and separate or integrated skull cap, for wear by the user, for placement on top of the lobes and/or for location within the chamber(s) formed of the lobes, or worn by the wearer directly upon the head, made of flexible, force absorbing and dissipating material. The lobes and ring are provided with quick release air inflation and deflation valves. The safety helmet can simply alternatively comprise air inflatable lobes with a minimally elastic outer covering to encase and minimize the movement or air within the chambers during a collision.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Inventor: Jeffrey Klein
  • Patent number: 11019871
    Abstract: A helmet for protecting the head of a user. The helmet includes an outer shell, an inner shell having padding that contacts the head and a cavity formed between the inner and the outer shells, wherein the cavity is filled with a fluid such as air. The helmet also includes a plurality of resilient strands located in the cavity and affixed between the outer and inner shells, wherein an impact force on the outer shell causes the head to impact the padding with a reaction force that compresses the cavity. Compression of the cavity pushes fluid through the strands to increase fluid friction and alter a velocity of the fluid. This decreases the energy of impact and consequently reduces an amount of force transferred to the head thereby protecting the head from normal and shear force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Inventors: Ali M. Sadegh, Peyman Honarmandi, Paul V. Cavallaro
  • Patent number: 10974007
    Abstract: An improved sealing element for a facemask and facemasks which include the sealing element are provided. The sealing element may be formed of a flexible material having a durometer value of 60 or less on a Type 000 scale, and the sealing element may have at least three primary external faces including a) a facemask attachment face; b) a skin contact face; and c) a third face. When viewed in cross-section, the skin contact face is the longest of the three faces, and the sealing element is formed into a triangular or trapezoidal cross-sectional configuration during manufacturing. Also when viewed in cross section, the side corresponding to the third face may have a length which is less than 90% of the length of the skin contact face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: Sleepnet Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas M. Moulton, Jerry J. Gong
  • Patent number: 10952479
    Abstract: A head mounted display (HMD) device that includes a plurality of sensors, an actuator, a plurality of protective mechanisms, and a processor configured to identify a situational state of a user of the HMD device within a proximity of the user, based on sensor input received from the plurality of sensors. A risk-level of a potential injury to the user from a component of the HMD device is determined based on the identified situational state and the sensor input. A protective mechanism is selected from the plurality of protective mechanisms based on the identified situational state and the determined risk-level. The actuator is controlled to deploy the selected protective mechanism to mitigate injury to the user from the component of the HMD device, based on the identified situational state and the determined risk-level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: SONY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Bibhudendu Mohapatra, Keith Resch, Fred Ansfield, Loren Pineda
  • Patent number: 10834985
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a process in which a helmet system including a machine is provided, that when worn by a user, positions the machine in a proximate relationship to a head portion, a neck portion, or both of the user. The helmet system provides a redistributing of a force responsive to a collision received along a first direction, wherein the force results from kinetic energy of an impact encountered at an external surface of the helmet system. The force induces an actuation of the machine, wherein the redistributing of the received collision force is based on the actuation of the machine. Energy transferred to the head portion, the neck portion, or both, resulting from the kinetic energy of the impact, is reduced, e.g., absorbed, based on the actuation of the machine. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: TITON IDEAS, INC.
    Inventors: Juan Francisco Javier Mini Townson, José Rodrigo Aragón Cabrera, Juan Pablo Alfaro Samayoa
  • Patent number: 10806206
    Abstract: A venting system for hats has a resilient, shock-absorbing headband inside the lower periphery of a hat dome. The headband has inner and outer annular bands spaced apart by a air passages. A plurality of arcuate septums are in contact with one another consecutively around a perimeter of the headband. Inwardly directed forces normal to the headband are converted into compressive forces on the septums directed along the headband perimeter. Forces on the head of the user are thereby reduced. A top vent with ports around a chamber extends upward from the dome. A cover across the top vent sheds water. The top vent is selectively movable upward into an open position to allow air flow through the headband air passage, the dome, the chamber, and out of the ports by convection. Ambient air will also flow in through the top vent ports and exit the ports on the opposite side. This will cause a lower than ambient air pressure to draw air out, cooling the dome.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Inventor: John P. Ryan
  • Patent number: 10806203
    Abstract: A helmet including a shell, a plurality of panel buttons pivotally attached at their proximal face to the outer surface of the shell, and the panel buttons are made of a flexible or elastic material with a protective outer coating to protect the panel buttons from abrasion. In one embodiment, the panel buttons are pivotally attached to the outer surface of the shell with a living hinge that allows the panel buttons to swivel in multiple planes that are generally perpendicular to the outer surface of the shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Turtle Shell Protective Systems LLC
    Inventor: Darin Grice
  • Patent number: 10779602
    Abstract: A helmet configured to protect a human head against mild traumatic brain injury upon impact includes an outer shell and a liner consisting of pairs of fluid fillable flexible fluid chambers fluidly connected to each other by fluid connections between each of the pairs of fluid fillable flexible fluid chambers being spaced on opposite sides of the helmet and configured to fill a space between the head and the outer shell when the helmet is positioned on the head. Impact resistant flexible pads are also inside the liner and are spaced around an inner circumference of the outer shell adjacent to each of the fluid fillable flexible fluid chambers. A flexible inner shell inside the liner is configured to fit closely on the head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Inventors: Wayne H. Tuttle, Lisa C. Whitaker
  • Patent number: 10744021
    Abstract: The solution to protecting the human knee from external forces is to surround the knee with a brace that includes adjustable air bladders to absorb external forces before the external forces pass into the knee and cause internal knee injury. Such a brace includes a pair of struts that are bifurcated by hinges, the adjustable air bladders placed between the knee and the hinges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Inventor: Richard Nace
  • Patent number: 10702152
    Abstract: The invention relates to a protective sports equipment system with real-time impact monitoring of a player engaged in a contact sporting activity. The system includes a protective equipment assembly and an interface liner disposed within a padding assembly of the protective equipment assembly. The interface liner has a sensing and control unit with an array of sensors to detect impact data, a processor to determine an impact result, and a transmitter to transmit the impact result. The system also includes a remote unit that receives and displays the transmitted impact result.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Riddell, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph J. Crisco, III, Richard M. Greenwald, Jeffrey J. Chu
  • Patent number: 10687577
    Abstract: A protective liner, attachable to the inner surface of a helmet, comprising an inner face and an outer face oriented towards the inner surface of the helmet, wherein the joining of faces gives rise to a plurality of inflatable chambers permeable to water vapour and connected by means of pressurised air distribution channels. The chambers and channels form a single body extending at least along the inner surface of the helmet above the Frankfurt plane. The outer face comprises a layer of rigid material while the inner face comprises a layer of elastic material, whose area expands when the chambers are filled with air, such that the expansion in volume occurs mainly by means of the deformation of the elastic layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: MAT PRODUCT & TECHNOLOGY, S.L.U.
    Inventors: Javier Cadens Ballarin, Marie-Christine Eckloo, Colin Ramsay Bell, Xavier Mateu Codina, Pau Llibre Roig
  • Patent number: 10632360
    Abstract: A sports helmet comprises a single-piece plastic shell, an occipital shock absorber attached to the inner surface of the shell in the rear region to at least partially overlie an occipital area of the head, an inflatable occipital pad removably attached to the inner surface of the shell in the rear region and positioned between the inner surface of the shell and the lateral padding assembly to push the occipital shock absorber forward when the occipital pad is inflated. The occipital pad comprises a top sheet and a bottom sheet bonded together, a plurality of inflatable pockets formed in the top sheet and fluidly connected through channels formed in the top sheet, a valve assembly for inflating the plurality of inflatable pockets, the valve assembly bonded to the bottom sheet. The valve assembly extends through a hole in the shell for inflation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: Kranos IP Corporation
    Inventors: Cortney Warmouth, Louis Anthony VanHoutin, Vincent R. Long
  • Patent number: 10492557
    Abstract: A helmet with two layers configured to slide with respect to each other is provided. The surface of one or both layers contains a sliding facilitator to improve slidability between the two layers. The sliding facilitator may be any one or a combination of (i) an organic polymer, a polysiloxane and a surfactant; (ii) an organic polymer and a copolymer based on a polysiloxane and an organic polymer; or (iii) a non-elastomeric cross-linked polymer obtained or obtainable by subjecting a polysiloxane and an organic polymer to a cross-linking reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: MIPS AB
    Inventors: Kay Grinneback, Daniel Lanner, Marcus Seyffarth
  • Patent number: 10426214
    Abstract: Disclosed are devices, systems, methods, products, and implementations, including a head gear device that includes a helmet adapted to be worn by a user, at least one sensor to measure one or more of, for example, force and/or motion, and one or more moveable members, the one or more moveable members configured to be displaced to apply a counterforce to a head of the user based, at least in part, on detection of one or more of, for example, a force component applied to the user and/or motion undergone by the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Inventor: Noam Rabinovitch
  • Patent number: 10390580
    Abstract: An airbag (20) for protecting the head of a user in case of an accident is hereby presented. The airbag comprises an inflatable inner bag (21, 40, 50, 60) surrounded by an outer bag (22), wherein the structure of the outer bag (22) defines the shape of the airbag (20) when the inner bag (21) is inflated, and wherein said inner bag (21, 40, 50, 60) comprises a plurality of elongate first chambers (28, 29, 210, 211, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 65, 66, 69, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614), each of which elongate first chambers forms a head protective part when inflated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: HÖVDING SVERIGE AB
    Inventors: Dick Olsson, Ulf Sellergren
  • Patent number: 10368604
    Abstract: An impact attenuation helmet construction having a rigid outer shell, a rigid inner shell adapted to being worn upon a wearer's head and arranged a spatially separated distance from the outer shell. A plurality of resilient plasticized members, each having circular cross sectional profiles, are provided and extend between the inner and outer shells in a three dimensional array in order to spatially support said outer shell a distance from an outer surface of said inner shell. The resilient members include any of disk or sphere shaped components, each having outer and inner flattened mounting locations securing to opposing locations of the inner and outer shells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: LINARES MEDICAL DEVICES, LLC
    Inventors: Miguel A. Linares, Miguel A. Linares, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10362829
    Abstract: A protective helmet can include an outer shell and a multi-layer liner disposed within the outer shell and sized for receiving a wearer's head. The multi-layer liner can include and inner-layer, a middle-layer, and an outer-layer. The inner-layer can include an inner surface oriented towards an inner area of a helmet for receiving a wearer's head. The inner-layer can comprise a mid-energy management material with a density in a range of 40-70 g/L. The middle-layer can be disposed adjacent an outer surface of the inner-layer, wherein the middle-layer comprises a low-energy management material with a density in a range of 10-20 g/L. The outer-layer can be disposed adjacent an outer surface of the middle-layer, the outer-layer comprising an outer surface oriented towards the outer shell, wherein the outer-layer comprises a high-energy management material with a density in a range of 20-50 grams g/L.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Bell Sports, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael W. Lowe
  • Patent number: 10342281
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods, devices, and systems for improved protective clothing such as helmets and protective headgear, including improvements in modular, semi-custom or customized helmet liners and/or inserts to enhance wearer comfort and reduce the deleterious effects of impacts between the wearer and other players and/or objects in all types of wearer activities (i.e., sports, military, equestrian, etc.).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: VICIS, Inc.
    Inventors: Kurt Fischer, Kayla Fukuda, Mike Czerski, Adam Frank, Cord Santiago
  • Patent number: 10327482
    Abstract: An apparatus (30) that dissipates a force (44). The apparatus (30) can be implemented in a wearable embodiment (31) such as a helmet (50) as well as non-wearable embodiments (32). Elastic structures (210) within the apparatus (30) dissipate the force (44) striking a shielded mass (39).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Helmet Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Justin B. Wenner, Christopher J. Falkowski
  • Patent number: 10292643
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for rapidly introducing treatment to patients suffering traumatic brain injuries. A wearable map of the brain electroencephalography (EEG) points is worn in a headscarf, helmet, or other headgear for providing real-time information on a wearer's brain condition. The overall system includes an application (app) or program software that may run on a tablet, portable communication device, or computing device that processes the data from the EEG sensors and interprets the data in real time. If there is an accident or other stress forces experienced by the wearer that mimics a concussion, the system initiates the real-time ejection of a cooling agent within the headgear to provide a reduction in the victim's brain temperature with the helmet cooling system. A drug intervention system and injury detection app for expedited treatment of a potential brain injury during the critical early phases of the injury is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: ASTROCYTICAL, INC.
    Inventors: Landon C. G. Miller, Scott Behrens, Kevin Butterfield
  • Patent number: 10228036
    Abstract: There is provided an impact diffusing apparatus for diffusing force on an object being impacted, the apparatus having a body intersected by a plane having a first side and a second side opposite the first side. The body has a first collapsible structure on the first side of the plane and a second collapsible structure on the second side of the plane, each collapsible structure having an interior surface and an exterior surface. The interior surfaces of the collapsible structures are shaped to define an interior cavity. The apparatus has air passages communicating between the interior cavity of the collapsible surfaces and an external environment, as well as a mounting structure for mounting the body to the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Inventor: Albert A. Beyer
  • Patent number: 10219572
    Abstract: A baseball cap having impact protection includes a prior art baseball cap and an inner impact layer. The inner impact layer preferably includes at least two impact wedges. Each impact wedge matches the outer perimeter shape of one of the six wedges that make-up a cap portion of the baseball cap. Each impact wedge includes a plurality of non-bursting gas cells. Each gas cell preferably has a semi-spherical or a semi-tubular shape. The plurality of impact wedges may be permanently or removably secured to an inside surface of the baseball cap. The impact wedge includes a base sheet and an outside sheet. The outside sheet is attached to the base sheet to form the plurality of non-bursting gas cells. Alternatively, each wedge may be fabricated from closed cell foam that matches the outer perimeter shape of one of the six wedges that make-up a cap portion of the baseball cap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventor: John E. Whitcomb
  • Patent number: 10201206
    Abstract: A lacrosse helmet comprises rigid single-piece shell formed of a suitable material such as polycarbonate or ABS plastic and adapted to receive and protect the head of a wearer. The shell has acclivities integrally formed therein to define features in the shell. Two alternative padding assemblies are disclosed. In a first alternative, the padding assemblies include a front liner installed in the brow area of the shell, a lateral liner extending around the back inner surface of the shell and backed by an inflatable occipital pad, a crown shock absorber, and jaw pads. In a second alternative, the padding assemblies include an inner shell or bonnet comprising a left section, right section, and rear section, which are assembled together with a crown comfort layer and a rear comfort layer, and inserted into the shell. This alternative also includes jaw pads as in the first alternative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: KRANOS IP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Cortney Warmouth, Louis Anthony VanHoutin, Vincent R. Long
  • Patent number: 10201743
    Abstract: A football helmet is disclosed that includes a shell constructed of fiber reinforced epoxy resin, a liner made from expanded polypropylene, an impact absorbing layer situated between the liner and the shell, and a face guard. The impact absorbing layer is constructed from either expanded polypropylene or a viscoelastic polymer encased in a suitable thin yet resilient and elastic membrane. An optional impact absorbing band is also shown disposed around the inner periphery of the liner and encircling the player's head. The impact absorbing band serves to reduce impact forces occurring from side helmet impact with objects or players.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Safer Sports, LLC
    Inventor: Elwood J. B. Simpson
  • Patent number: 10045740
    Abstract: In some embodiments, a method, apparatus, and a system for sensing a force are provided. The apparatus may comprise a plurality of sensors configured to detect an impact force. The plurality of sensors may be arranged into a housing, such as a sports helmet. The apparatus also includes a controller operatively coupled to the plurality of sensors. The controller is adapted to: receive a signal from at least one of the plurality of sensors; determine whether a value of the signal exceeds a threshold; perform a responsive action in response to a determination that the value of signal exceeds the threshold. The responsive action comprises providing a warning, performing a logging function, and/or performing a counteraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Inventor: Jaison C. John
  • Patent number: 10004973
    Abstract: A system and method for easily and frequently checking the gas bladder pressure levels in a sports player's helmet and refilling them to maintain optimum head protection for the player. The system and method involve an electronic hand-held gas pump that wirelessly communicates with an adjacent wireless device that comprises a software application for controlling pump operation. The software application allows a user to build a player helmet profile that automatically displays current gas pressure in the gas bladder to which the pump is currently connected. The system and method establish a preferred gas pressure level for every bladder in the helmet when the helmet is being worn and when the helmet is not being worn. Spreadsheets for an entire team can be generated, not only depicting the preferred gas pressure levels but time/date data for periodic checks in order to maintain every bladder to its preferred gas pressure level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Inventor: Michael T. Weatherby
  • Patent number: 9986777
    Abstract: A disposable aspirated inflatable safety protection balaclava hood system and apparatus designed to protect the human head and neck from injury resulting from sports impacts with a crash sensor arrangement in which acceleration, angular, rotational, extension or flexion motion resulting from an impact force requires deployment of an apparatus protection device. The method embodies an inherent bladder airbag system that is deployed with resulting impact force on the sensor arrangement using an actuation mechanism and an inflation interconnected bladder system, or tube(s) resulting in release of the inert compressed inert gas in a cartridge actuation mechanism using a triggering mechanism, which is held in an interior pocket of the hood resulting in aspiration of the inflatable safety bladder protection hood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: TATE TECHNOLOGY, LLC
    Inventor: Jenny Tate Morgan
  • Patent number: 9980530
    Abstract: A sports helmet optimizes the full peripheral field of vision of its wearer. The optical properties of the entire protective shell will allow the transmission of light, while reflecting a colored appearance externally, and remaining antireflective from the eye of the wearer. Internal padding and face guard also enhance the transmission of light compared to existing designs. Helmets constructed in accordance with the invention are made with a transparent shell material, with one or more optical layers to achieve an anti-reflective view from the eye side of the helmet and an acceptable appearance on the external surface of the shell. Single or multiple metalized thin films may be used to create a one-way mirror effect. In other embodiments see-through graphics may be used with microdot patterns. In certain embodiments, multiple optical coatings may be used to achieve a desired combination of transparency and light-absorbing properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Inventor: Adam S. Hassan
  • Patent number: 9949516
    Abstract: An interactive helmet system and method for reducing brain injuries may provide a helmet and at least one inflatable air pouch. The at least one inflatable air pouch may remain in an active position and may pressurize or further inflate in response to an impact with a surface. Over a predetermined time period, the at least one inflatable air pouch may not depressurize and may instantly pressurize or further inflate. The at least one inflatable air pouch may have an air pouch pressure that increases to a higher pressure and may protect users from brain injury at high impact forces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: Joshua R&D Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: David Pickett
  • Patent number: 9918507
    Abstract: A protective helmet includes a primary inner shell, a first outer impact shell, and a second outer impact shell. The primary inner shell is configured to be worn on a user's head and the primary inner shell comprises a crown portion and a rear portion. The first outer impact shell is located above the crown portion and the second outer impact shell is located above the rear portion. Each of the first and second outer impact shells has a first end and a second end. The first end is hingedly secured to the primary inner shell and the second end is coupled to the primary inner shell by at least one shock absorber. The at least one first shock absorber is configured to resist rotational movement of the first and second outer impact shells toward the crown and rear portions of the primary inner shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Inventor: Charles Eaton
  • Patent number: 9852601
    Abstract: A wearable device may connect to a wearable device over a short-range wireless connection. The user device may receive sensor data from the wearable device, where the wearable device has sensors. The user device may determine that a safety alert parameter has been met, and in response generate an audible alarm. The device may then determine that the connection between the user device and the wearable device has been disconnected, and in response, generate a second audible alarm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: John J. Auvenshine, Perry J. Gallo, Scott W. Hughes
  • Patent number: 9833684
    Abstract: A sports helmet comprises a single-piece plastic shell, an occipital shock absorber attached to the inner surface of the shell in the rear region to at least partially overlie an occipital area of the head, an inflatable occipital pad removably attached to the inner surface of the shell in the rear region and positioned between the inner surface of the shell and the lateral padding assembly to push the occipital shock absorber forward when the occipital pad is inflated. The occipital pad comprises a top sheet and a bottom sheet bonded together, a plurality of inflatable pockets formed in the top sheet and fluidly connected through channels formed in the top sheet, a valve assembly for inflating the plurality of inflatable pockets, the valve assembly bonded to the bottom sheet. The valve assembly extends through a hole in the shell for inflation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: Kranos IP Corporation
    Inventors: Cortney Warmouth, Louis Anthony VanHoutin, Vincent R. Long
  • Patent number: 9820524
    Abstract: A helmet having non-bursting air cells preferably includes a hard helmet shell, an outside air cell impact layer and an inside air cell impact layer. The outside air cell impact layer preferably includes at least one air cell layer and an outside layer of sheet material. Each air cell layer includes a plurality of air cells created between two plastic sheets. The inside air cell impact layer includes the at least one air cell layer. The inside and outside air cell impact layers may be permanently or removably attached to hard helmet shell. A second embodiment of the helmet having non-bursting air cells preferably includes the hard helmet shell, the outside air cell impact layer and an inside air cell inflatable impact layer. The inside air cell inflatable impact layer preferably includes at least one inflatable air cell layer and a check valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Inventor: John E. Whitcomb
  • Patent number: 9814391
    Abstract: A mouth guard comprises a base member configured to fit inside the mouth of a user, and at least one shock-sensing and indicating device coupled to the base member. In one exemplary embodiment, the shock-sensing and indicating device is a passive shock-sensing and indicating device that detects a shock substantially along a selected axis with respect to the base member. In another exemplary embodiment, the at least one shock-sensing and indicating device detects a shock substantially along a plurality of selected axes with respect to the base member, each selected axis being substantially orthogonal from another selected axis. The shock-sensing and indicating devices can be configured to detect different levels of shock. In one exemplary embodiment, the shock-sensing and indicating device comprises a multi-component chemical-reaction system, such as a chemi-luminescent reaction system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Inventors: Don B. Hennig, Jeffry L. VanElverdinghe, Joseph P. Curtin
  • Patent number: 9788588
    Abstract: An airbag inflation system includes a processing circuit configured to receive object data including positional data regarding an object and at least one of a relative velocity and a relative acceleration of the object relative to a first helmet and control operation of an inflation device to inflate an airbag based on the object data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: Elwha LLC
    Inventors: Paul G. Allen, Philip V. Bayly, David L. Brody, Jesse R. Cheatham, III, Richard G. Ellenbogen, Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Eric C. Leuthardt, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Tony S. Pan, Robert C. Petroski, Raul Radovitzky, Anthony V. Smith, Elizabeth A. Sweeney, Clarence T. Tegreene, Nicholas W. Touran, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 9776064
    Abstract: The invention provides head, neck, chest, and spine logical impact protection and thermal-regulation device having a webbing adapted to encapsulate head and neck, wherein the webbing is composed of a plurality of reversibly deformable substrates that are capable of being cooled or heated; wherein the webbing further provides apertures interspersed between the reversibly deformable substrates to allow fluid exchange between the head, neck, chest, and spine and the regions exterior to the webbing; and a temperature indicator, wherein the temperature indicator measures the temperatures of the body surface underlaying the webbing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Inventor: Robert D. Harty
  • Patent number: 9763487
    Abstract: The Football Helmet of the present invention will lessen the Impact Force while also lessening the transfer of momentous inertia that carries on unchanged causing concussions. This is done with cushioning by Impact Bumpers located all around the Players Head repelling impacts as they collapse. The top of the Players Head and Neck is protected because the Outer Shield of the Helmet Collapses from top impact by cushioning while repelling that force by being suspended by Springs in Keeper Boxes and also by a Sponge Pad, and Strapped Pad limiting upward thrust of the Players Head and downward thrust of the Outer shield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Inventor: Alphonso William Brown, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9756891
    Abstract: Apparatus for protecting the head of a person from an external force includes an inner shell which fits over the head of the person and an outer shell which fits over the inner shell. A plurality of bags which contain a pressurized gas are disposed between the inner shell and the outer shell. When an external force is applied to the outer shell some of the bags distribute and partially absorb the external force thereby reducing the force experienced by the person.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Inventors: James Robb McGhie, Robb Inglis McGhie
  • Patent number: 9683622
    Abstract: An impact-absorbing compressible member includes a thin-walled enclosure defining an inner chamber containing a volume of fluid such as air. The enclosure includes one or more orifices which as sized and positioned to allow air to vent from the inner chamber in response to an impact on the member and to refill the inner chamber in response to an impact on the member and to refill the inner chamber after the impact is released. The enclosure is formed of a blow-molded thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) material which is economical to make and durable in use. The compressible members can be used as building blocks for impact-absorbing shell structures for a wide variety of applications such as helmets, protective pads for body parts, sports arena wall padding, vehicular bumpers, dashboards and the like. The compressible member has impact-absorbing advantages over conventional foams currently used in those applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: XENITH, LLC
    Inventor: Vincent R. Ferrara
  • Patent number: 9642410
    Abstract: A helmet including a shell, a plurality of panel buttons pivotally attached at their proximal face to the outer surface of the shell, and the panel buttons are made of a flexible or elastic material with a protective outer coating to protect the panel buttons from abrasion. In one embodiment, the panel buttons are pivotally attached to the outer surface of the shell with a living hinge that allows the panel buttons to swivel in multiple planes that are generally perpendicular to the outer surface of the shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Turtle Shell Protective Systems LLC
    Inventor: Darin Grice
  • Patent number: 9622533
    Abstract: An impact-absorbing padding system made of a single-layer thermoplastic polyurethane sheet. The bottom of the sheet is flat, and the top side is also flat and has multiple, spaced apart projections. The projections are frustaconal in shape, having a flat top side and an open bottom. At least some of the projections are connected by ribs. The number and height of the ribs varies to achieve variable hardness within the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: KRANOS IP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Cortney Warmouth, Louis Anthony Vanhoutin, Vincent R. Long, Jeff Musec
  • Patent number: 9615797
    Abstract: In some embodiments, a method, apparatus, and a system for sensing a force are provided. The apparatus may comprise a plurality of sensors configured to detect an impact force. The plurality of sensors may be arranged into a housing, such as a sports helmet. The apparatus also includes a controller operatively coupled to the plurality of sensors. The controller is adapted to: receive a signal from at least one of the plurality of sensors; determine whether a value of the signal exceeds a threshold; perform a responsive action in response to a determination that the value of signal exceeds the threshold. The responsive action comprises providing a warning, performing a logging function, and/or performing a counteraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Inventor: Jaison C John
  • Patent number: 9572389
    Abstract: A helmet including an insert provides the ability of including a highly energy absorbing feature within the insert. The insert includes a structure such as a Bingham plastic which, upon impact, absorbs the energy of the impact by converting from a solid to a liquid. Other energy absorbing features are contemplated. The energy absorption process occurs in one aspect in a nonreversible manner such that once a high enough level impact occurs on the insert, it must be replaced within the helmet. The insert has a fastener which enables it to be replaceable. In this manner, a highly absorbing feature of a helmet can be provided to reduce concussions while not requiring the complete replacement of a helmet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: KineticShield, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas E. Twardowski, Alan Ira Faden, Christopher M. Pastore, Thomas M. Isaacson
  • Patent number: 9555311
    Abstract: The protective overgarment is intended for use by persons who engage in potentially hazardous activities, such as motorcycling and mountaineering. The overgarment is formed of generally circumferential elements that extend around the legs, torso, and arms of the wearer. The circumferential elements are connected by a plurality of connecting elements that extend along the sides of the torso and limbs of the wearer. The elements define corresponding open ventilation passages therebetween, providing greater comfort for the wearer during warm weather. Each of the elements is formed of at least one distinct layer. One layer may be a sheet of resilient rubber or the like. Another layer may be pneumatically inflated or filled with foam plastic material. Yet another layer may also be foam-filled and covered with a stretch fabric for comfort. Additional knee, shoulder, and chest protection is provided by removable rigid plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Inventor: Ibtesam M. Y. Mustafa
  • Patent number: 9549582
    Abstract: A protective member such as a helmet includes an outer layer and an inner layer interconnected by multiple connectors, such as extension springs, under tension along their longitudinal axis. The connectors absorb energy from an impact force by resisting further tension along their longitudinal axis and allow the outer layer and inner layer to move relative to each other. In the helmet application, the head of a user experiences less impact force, reduced change in momentum or position of the head and neck, reduced head and neck loads and reduced amounts of linear and rotational acceleration. The protective member can be used in numerous applications and environments, including for participants in sports, in applications including bumpers, passenger cabins, car seats and beds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Inventors: Emerson Spalding Phipps, Charles Edward Phipps
  • Patent number: 9474316
    Abstract: A protective helmet which employs an inner shell, an outer shell, and dampeners positioned between the inner and outer shells which facilitate rotational movement between the inner and outer shells. The dampeners also provide shock absorption to counter the rotational acceleration caused by an impact to the helmet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Inventor: Bret Berry
  • Patent number: 9462842
    Abstract: Safety head wear for use for example in high risk activities such as sports and industrial purposes where protection from head injuries is required. Components are provided inserted between the liner and outer shell and consists of two parts; a pod and a foam or foam like surrogate or structure. The foam or foam like material is contained in the chamber and is positioned in such a way to create constant force between the surface of the shell and head. The device provides a method of managing compression force characteristics of the helmet around the head designed to decrease brain trauma resulting from high linear acceleration during impacts to the helmet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: University of Ottawa
    Inventors: Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki, Andrew Michael Post