Spring-biased Patents (Class 200/16C)
  • Patent number: 6121557
    Abstract: The invention relates to a switch comprising a carrier which is manufactured substantially from plastic and in which fixed contacts are arranged, and a part which is movable relative to the carrier and in which movable contacts are arranged, wherein the fixed contacts are enclosed by plastic on at least a part of all their sides, so that the fixed contacts are fixed in plastic. According to a first preferred embodiment at least one plastic element extends at least on a first side of the fixed contacts, which plastic element leaves clear a part of the surface on the first side of the fixed contacts. Sufficient fixation is herein obtained by the plastic element, while it will be apparent that a contact face of the contacts must remain free in order to be able to function as a contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Capax B.V.
    Inventor: Koop L. L. Warringa
  • Patent number: 6046413
    Abstract: The invention describes a switch, preferably a steering column switch, provided with an actuating member moved across the contact sections rigidly connected to the housing in a substantially pushing way. It is the object of the invention to provide a steering column switch which, being of a small-sized design, permanently provides for good contact making between the contacts to be interconnected. This problem, in the practice of the invention, is solved by ramps raising the contact bridge in the transitory area. Advantageous embodiments refer to the design of the ramp of the conductor bank and of the contact bridge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Assignee: ITT Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventors: Karl Simonis, Walter Hecht, Rudolf Klein
  • Patent number: 6031194
    Abstract: A slide switch that can remove foreign particles, such as metallic dust, from its ground terminals. When the movable contact slides toward a stroke end, the power source contact first passes through an end section of the power source terminal before disengaging the terminal. At that instant, arcs are generated between the contact and the terminal. Arcs produce metallic dust, carbide particles, etc. that adhere to the insulator and terminals creating buildup and obstructing the sliding path of the contacts. The switch is provided with a discharge hole and arc gaps along the sliding path of the contacts to eliminate the arc buildup. The contacts carry the metallic dust and carbide particles while sliding so that the dust and particles drop into the discharge hole or arc gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho
    Inventor: Yoshiyuki Aoki
  • Patent number: 6005201
    Abstract: In a switch, the speed at which contacts are separated from each other is increased without depending on the speed at which an operating member is operated, so that an arc is prevented from being generated, to prevent the operating member to be deformed by heat generation and prevent the durability of the switch to be decreased due to the abrasion of the contacts. A movable contact member having movable contacts at both its ends is swingably supported with a common fixed contact projecting upward and serving as a fulcrum. A leaf spring is fixed to a slider. The leaf spring has a portion projecting in a U shape. The U-shaped portion is engaged with the center of the movable contact member. When the slider is moved, the U-shaped portion is distorted in the transverse direction. When the slider is further moved, the U-shaped portion gets beyond the fulcrum, so that the movable contact is rapidly separated from a normally open fixed contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Omron Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhide Tanaka, Keiichi Shimizu, Kiyotaka Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 5969309
    Abstract: A boxlike casing has an opening partly formed on a front wall and a plurality of stationary contacts provided on an inner bottom surface. A slider is installed in the casing and slidable in a predetermined slide direction. The slider has a rod guide portion provided at a predetermined portion and spring receive portions provided at left and right ends. A rod is installed in the rod guide portion and slidable in a push direction normal to the slide direction. The rod has an operating lever protruding forward from the opening of the casing and a push portion extending rearward. At least one elastic contact piece is fixed to at least one of lower surfaces of the slider and the rod for electrically connecting or disconnecting the stationary contacts. Two L-shaped springs have proximal portions held by spring holders. The first arms have distal ends supported by spring receive portions and mesial portions received by arm receive portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Nishimura, Kouji Sakai
  • Patent number: 5960939
    Abstract: In a position detecting switch, a first movable contact is disposed in a first receptacle formed in a sliding body and is urged toward a casing member by a first spring so as to engage first and second stationary contacts mounted in the casing member when the sliding body is in a selected position. In order to prevent non-contact due to rotating moment of the first movable contact relative to the stationary contacts one or more features for inhibiting or reducing the relative moment are provided such as: (1) The first and second stationary contacts can be urged toward the first movable contact by fourth and fifth springs. (2) An elastic member or members can be disposed in a clearance between end walls of the sliding body and walls of the first receptacle. (3) The first spring can be restrained to apply its load to a substantially middle portion of the movable contact. (4) A plurality of the first springs can be provided to apply load the movable contact at a plurality of locations in a lengthwise direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Aisin AW Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuaki Miki, Takenori Kano, Takuo Shimizu, Takuji Akiyama, Munetaka Torii
  • Patent number: 5920042
    Abstract: A seesaw sliding composite motion switch is provided. The switch includes at least two switch elements disposed on a printed wiring board, a holder placed on the printed wiring board, and a slider which moves in a sliding manner between the printed wiring board and the holder. The slider has lever swingingly supporting portions projecting from openings defined on the holder. A lever is supported by the lever swingingly supporting portions. First projections are disposed on the holder. Openings permitting swinging motion are defined on the lever and accommodate the first projections only at a neutral position of a sliding motion to thereby permit the lever to turn. Second projections are disposed on the holder and abut against the lever when it turns to thereby prevent the sliding motion of the slider. Balls are disposed on the slider. A swing return first cam portion is disposed on the lever and has one of the balls abutted thereagainst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazunori Gotoh
  • Patent number: 5898142
    Abstract: In order to prevent resin around fixed contacts from being carbonized by an arc produced when a movable contact plate is brought into contact with the fixed contacts and separated therefrom, a sliding switch comprises a terminal plate provided with two fixed contact plates and a movable plate provided with a movable contact plate, which is brought into contact with the fixed contact plates. Each of the fixed contact plates has a fixed contact protruding from the terminal plate. The movable contact plate includes at least a pair of protrusions on both sides thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: Niles Parts Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazue Ohtaki, Mineo Hirano
  • Patent number: 5824977
    Abstract: A slide switch includes a moving contact contained within a slider that moves between a plurality of desired stationary contacts. A clicking thruster provided with resiliency by a resilient member such as a spring produces a clicking sensation during switching by engaging with clicking thruster recesses. A through hole is provided in the slider, and the moving contact is positioned within the through hole in opposition to the stationary contacts. The clicking thruster is positioned in opposition to the clicking thruster recesses, and the resilient member is fit in between the moving contact and the clicking thruster.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha T an T
    Inventors: Tsunesuke Takano, Kouichi Sinzawa, Yoji Yabata
  • Patent number: 5804786
    Abstract: An operating mechanism is disclosed for effecting actuation of rheostats, air valves, electric switches and the like using a single spring having a single apex whose movement effect operation of one or more devices. A further mechanism is disclosed for effecting movement of the spring apex whereby at least one additional spring is engaged during movement of the spring apex to provide increased resistance to movement of the spring apex thereby to provide tactile indication of the position of the operating mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Inventor: Ronald J. Braaten
  • Patent number: 5783785
    Abstract: A two-step operation switch device, in which intervals between a common fixed contact and other fixed contacts juxtaposed to the common fixed contact are kept as wide as possible so that insulating properties between the contacts are maintained in a normal state. The common fixed contact 11, first fixed contacts 12, 13, and second fixed contacts 14, 15 are disposed on an insulating plate 1. A movable contacting piece 2 has a first contacting piece 21 slid in a first region, in which the common fixed contact 11 and the first fixed contacts 12 and 13 are juxtaposed, and a second contacting piece 22 slid in a second region, in which the common fixed contact 11 and the second fixed contacts 14 and 15 are juxtaposed. Intervals W2 between the common fixed contact 11 and the second fixed contacts 14 and 15 in the second region Z2 are wider than intervals between the common fixed contact 11 and the first fixed contacts 12 and 13 in the first region Z1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Niles Parts Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Osamu Furukawa
  • Patent number: 5731558
    Abstract: A switching device is provided which comprises a casing, a printed wiring board disposed inside the casing, a plurality of fixed contacts formed on the casing, and a plurality of moving contacts for making an electrical connection or disconnection between said plurality of fixed contacts. Since many fixed contacts are not only disposed on the printed wiring board but also on the casing, the printed wiring board can be designed compact. Also the plurality of fixed contacts disposed on the casing has such a form of a terminal as to be electrically connectable to motors and a power source as well as to a connector extended to the switching device. Therefore, the number of places to be soldered for electrical connection between many fixed contacts, motors and power source can be reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1998
    Assignee: Ichikoh Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Tatsuo Kyoden
  • Patent number: 5708241
    Abstract: A sliding type switch includes a non-conductive housing enclosing chamber. A non-conductive board is securely mounted in an upper portion of the chamber and includes at least three pairs of slots defined therein. At least three pairs of conductive prongs respectively extend through the slots in the board, each conductive prong having a conductive shoe formed at a bottom thereof. A non-conductive slide member is slidably mounted in a lower portion of the chamber. The slide member defines two elongated troughs in which an inner bottom wall defining each elongated trough has a stub formed thereon. An elastic element is mounted in each trough and includes a mediate portion with a hole defined therein through which the associated stub extends for positioning the elastic element, and a first limb and a second limb which extend upwardly from the mediate portion and away from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1998
    Inventor: Chao-Chin Lin
  • Patent number: 5708240
    Abstract: A slide switch 1 includes a movable contact 2 that has projections 11 formed thereon for preventing dislocation. The movable contact 2 is inserted together with a spring 8 into a holder 3. The holder 3 has regulating recesses 12, within which the projections 11 of the movable contact 2 can move only vertically. The holder 3 also has claws 9. The movable contact 2 has holes 10 that engage with the claws 9. A pole plate 4 has fixed contacts 5 fixed thereon, on which the movable contact 2 can slide with the holder 3 in compressive contact with the fixed contacts to switch the contact positions. At least one of the fixed contacts 5 is formed with a chamfer 15. Resin guide members 18 are fitted in the centers of slits 17 in the pole plate 4 for preventing the movable contact from falling into the slits. This structure prevents the movable contact of the slide switch from being dislocated when the contact positions of the slide switch are switched, and increases the durability of the slide switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1998
    Assignee: Niles Parts Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideaki Akimoto, Toshiaki Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 5629504
    Abstract: A voltage switch including a casing, a plurality of terminals fastened to the casing, a bottom board covered on the casing and having a center opening, a contact slide mounted in the casing and moved within the center opening of the bottom board to alternatively connect the terminals together,, wherein the casing has a plurality of mounting grooves symmetrically disposed at two opposite sides; the bottom board is stamped from a metal plate and then bent into shape, having two screw holes longitudinally alinged at two opposite ends for mounting, and a plurality of upright hooks symmetrically and transversely aligned at two opposite ends and respectively fastened to the mounting grooves of the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: Solteam Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chun-Yun Chang
  • Patent number: 5623134
    Abstract: A switch for preventing unintentional actuation of, for example, a door lock in an automobile. The switch includes a slider and a control lever pivotally mounted on the slider. When the slider is in a neutral position, a guide member located in a housing of the switch abuts a protrusion of the control lever such that pivoting of the control lever is prevented, thereby preventing unintentional actuation of the door lock. To actuate the switch, the slider is moved to a second position wherein the protrusion of the control lever is not blocked by the guide member, and subsequent pivoting of the control member causes the protrusion to push a movable contact into a fixed contact of the switch. A ball is biased into a groove formed in the slider to provide a click sensation when the slider is moved from the neutral position to the second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1997
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroshi Hayakawa
  • Patent number: 5612521
    Abstract: A switching device for programmable control of electrical and electronic apparatus includes a support plate and a slide switch which is moved along a forked guide track defined on the support plate. The support plate is formed of magnetically conducting material or a magnetic plate is disposed below the support plate. The actuating slide is provided with magnets which cooperate with the magnetically conductive support. Several switching elements disposed along the track, which switching elements, upon being actuated by the actuating member, effect control processes of the electrical or electronic apparatus. The switches may be interrupted conductor tracks, capacitive sensors, proximity switches, light gates, and the like. A symbol plate is disposed above the support plate and the slide is moved along through-openings in the symbol plate which define the switching options. The operator follows the guide of the labels disposed on the symbol plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 18, 1997
    Inventor: Michael-Georg Bistekos
  • Patent number: 5597990
    Abstract: Electrical switch, especially for detecting the presence of an electronic memory card in a card reader device. An electrical switch (10) includes a trigger button (14) which is slidingly mounted in a switch box (12), a mobile contact element (62) which is connected to the button (14) and which interacts with at least fixed contact element (50,52) carried by the box (12) of the switch, and a spring and the mobile contact element (44,62) elastically returns the button (14) to a stable inactive position, in which the value of the reutrn force (F) decreases when the actuation travel (C) of the button (14) exceeds a predetermined value (C1), characterized in that the predetermined value (C1) of the travel corresponds to the triggering of the switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1997
    Assignee: ITT Corporation
    Inventors: Alain Janniere, Aurelien Carvalho
  • Patent number: 5557081
    Abstract: A vehicle lamp assembly switch includes a housing having a floor and electrical conductors mounted to the floor and defining a pair of spaced apart electrical switch contacts. The contacts define a guide track for receiving a movable contact element which in the preferred embodiment comprises a spherical conductive member. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the housing floor further includes detent structure which cooperates with a control member for providing a plurality of detented switch positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1996
    Assignee: Prince Corporation
    Inventors: Marc C. Clevenger, Mathias R. Fox
  • Patent number: 5545862
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to enable a power source line and load to be connected in a single operation via a plug-in jack by operating a switch, and reliably support the bases of plugs while protecting the plugs with a plug cover formed into a single structure with a switch cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1996
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha T an T
    Inventors: Tsunesuke Takano, Kouichi Sinzawa
  • Patent number: 5532442
    Abstract: A sliding type switch includes a non-conductive slide slidably engaged in a non-conductive housing and includes a knob extended outward of the housing for moving the slide. A non-conductive board is secured in the housing and three pairs of conductive prongs are secured to the board. The slide includes two openings for receiving two spring elements. The spring elements may be either conductive or non-conductive. Each of the spring elements engages a conductor and moves in concert therewith. The spring elements are provided with S-shaped springs each having two curved tips to bias the conductors to engage electrically with two pairs of the three pairs of conductive prongs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1996
    Inventor: Chao-Chi Lin
  • Patent number: 5408058
    Abstract: A momentary electrical switch includes fixed contacts fixed relative to a switch housing and slidable contacts located within the housing. A contact operating mechanism includes a manual control knob, slide element and a support attached to the slide for supporting the slidable contacts, the contact operating mechanism being movable axially in a first direction against a compression spring when the knob is pulled. An interlock element extends beyond the periphery of the slide to engage the casing to prevent movement of the contact operating mechanism when the knob is pulled. A spring biased interlock release stem is moved axially in an opposing second direction by pressing on a pushbutton to disengage the interlock element from the casing. The movable switch contacts are moved in the first direction relative to the fixed contacts only by concurrently pressing in one direction on the pushbutton while pulling on the knob in the opposite direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1995
    Assignee: Ford New Holland, Inc.
    Inventors: William J. Homik, Roger W. Sprague
  • Patent number: 5406041
    Abstract: A two-piece housing defines a cavity containing electric switch elements and a detent mechanism positioned for optimum characteristics. Axially spaced apertures in the housing support a manually controlled shaft for rotation. The shaft is drivingly coupled to the movable switch elements and the detent mechanism. A floating valve assembly, operated by the shaft and aligned by the shaft, is mounted on the outside of the housing on projections which flexibly support a valve stator containing vacuum ports. A rotor holds a selector plate against the stator for interconnecting ports. The rotor is keyed to the shaft for rotation and is spring biased toward the stator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: Delco Electronics Corp
    Inventors: Sangman Hahn, Michael L. Molinari
  • Patent number: 5345372
    Abstract: A switchable light fixture which may be usefully be employed as an interior automotive lighting fixture includes an insulating plate defining an interior cavity in which a sliding piece is disposed and supports an opposed pair of lamp sockets for holding a lamp. A plurality of stationary parallel contacts (at least two of which form a pair of lateral stationary contacts, and one of which forms a middle stationary contact) are positionally held by means of recessed surfaces or channels defined between respective upright supports. A pair of lateral plugs each formed by an outwardly bent terminal end portion of a respective one of the lateral stationary contacts is positioned in a respective pair of the recessed surfaces or defined channels so as to be disposed over the lateral pair of stationary contacts, with a middle plug being portioned between the pair of lateral plugs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha T AN T
    Inventors: Tsunesuke Takano, Kouichi Sinzawa
  • Patent number: 5315079
    Abstract: A PCB mounted 6 PDT slide switch is formed of a specially-designed cover/actuator sub-assembly and a base assembly which remain in assembly independent of each other. The slide switch includes a base member, a slide actuator member, a plurality of movable contact shoes, a separate spacer bar member, and a cover member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph J. Gierut
  • Patent number: 5151563
    Abstract: In a remote control switch for posture adjustment of the automotive mirrors, there are disposed on a substrate that is fixed within a casing, a first group of fixed contacts for posture control of the lefthand mirror and a second group of fixed contacts for posture control of the righthand mirror. The fixed contacts forming the first group and those forming the second group being offset at a predetermined angle from each other. Two electrically conductive balls are spaced apart from each other and are electrically connected to each other to form a pair of moving contacts. The moving contacts are held by a rotary switching member with their positional relation fixed so as to roll on the substrate. An operating shaft is mounted pivotably and tiltably in the casing, and is normally forced in a direction perpendicular to the substrate so as to take the neutral position. Further, the operating shaft is operatively connected to the rotary switching member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1992
    Assignee: Ichikoh Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Morimasa Tanaka
  • Patent number: 5111011
    Abstract: The disclosed slide action selector switch, which is adapted to switch the connections of four push button switches between left and right mirror motors, comprises an insulating plate with an elongated guide flange projecting therefrom and having a T-shaped cross section. First and second sets of electrical contacts are mounted along the plate on opposite sides of the flange for sliding engagement by first and second contactors on an insulating carriage having a T-shaped channel slidably receiving and interlocking with the flange. Springs are provided on the carriage for biasing the contactors against the contacts while biasing the carriage away from the plate. A detent ball is disposed in a seat formed in a leaf spring on the carriage and is biased by the leaf spring against the flange for reception in successive detent recesses therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: Indak Manufacturing Corp.
    Inventor: Wesley D. Roswold
  • Patent number: 5084598
    Abstract: An electric switch for a power tool, comprising: a slider slidably received in a switch casing along a longitudinal direction, a handle provided in the grip of the power tool for manually actuating the slider along the longitudinal direction; a plurality of fixed contact pieces arranged in an internal bottom surface of the switch casing and provided with contact surfaces located substantially in a same plane; and a plurality of moveable contact pieces arranged in the bottom surface of the slider and urged toward the fixed contact pieces by spring members so as to selectively contact at least some of the contact surfaces of the fixed contact pieces. The contact portions of this switch achieve various conductive states by planar arrangement and movement of the contact pieces, the component parts can be fitted into a small switch casing, particularly having a small height.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1992
    Assignee: Omron Corporation
    Inventors: Kunio Nagata, Takezo Sano, Saburou Morita, Shoji Kazusaka, Junzo Asa, Satoshi Nozoe
  • Patent number: 5051549
    Abstract: Slide switches have an electrically insulated slide body which is slidably disposed within an interior cavity defined in an electrically insulated support housing. The slide body has a knob which projects through a opening defined in an upper wall of the support housing so as to allow manual movement of the slide body between the first and second positions. At least one pair of elongated conductors is provided with the opposed ends being fixed to an opposed pair of side walls of the housing so that the fixed conductors extend parallel to one another, but are positioned in spaced relationship transversely relative to the reciprocal movement of the slide body within the support housing. The slide body carries a movable conductor which is sized and configured so as to be in contact with the pair of elongate fixed conductors when the slide body is in its first position so as to make an electrical circuit therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1991
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha T AN T
    Inventor: Tsunesuke Takano
  • Patent number: 5051552
    Abstract: A slide selector switch mechanism for use within slide switches for controlling electrical circuits includes a detent spring centrally connected to a slide actuator member and to opposite ends of a movable bridging contactor. The detent spring provides contact pressure for effecting adequate pressurized electrical engagement of the contactor with underlying fixed terminal contact elements. The detent spring also functions as a separate actuating member for causing pivotal movement of the bridging contactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1991
    Assignee: Ilinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Sheng-Nan Hou, Joseph Spedale
  • Patent number: 5049705
    Abstract: The disclosed control device includes an electrical switch having a switch body in which an electrically insulating switch carriage is manually movable along a predetermined path. Fixed electrical contacts are mounted on the body along such path and are selectively engageable by an electrically conductive contactor mounted on the carriage. The contactor takes the form of an angle-shaped plate consisting of first and second flanges in a rectangular relationship. The first flange has portions, preferably contact points, slidably engageable with the fixed contacts. The carriage has a guide slot for slidably receiving the second flange. A compression spring on the carriage produces contact pressure between the first flange and the fixed contacts. The second flange and the guide slot constitute the sole guide and support for the contactor, which is substantially flat except for the contact points. The flanges extend in a direction parallel to the path and have the same length in such direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1991
    Assignee: Indak Manufacturing Corp.
    Inventor: John G. Cummings
  • Patent number: 5043540
    Abstract: A slide switch includes a slide body having a movable electrical contact. An insulating housing for the sliding body is formed in a substantially inverted U-shape and is provided with a slot to allow a knob to project therethrough and thus permit the sliding body to be manually manipulated. The housing also includes a number of projecting pins which are received within respective holes formed in a bottom insulating plate to provide connection between the housing and the plate. At least one pair of elongate conductive contact plates extend transversely relative to movements of the slide body (and hence relative to movements of the movable contact). Each of the conductive contact plates defines an aperture at one end thereof through which a respective one of the projecting pins of the housing passes before entering a respective one of the holes defined in the insulating plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1991
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha T and T
    Inventor: T. Takano
  • Patent number: 5038004
    Abstract: A miniature switch comprises a switch body and at least one switching member mounted on the switch body. The switch body is provided at longitudinally central portion thereof with a groove. Pairs of fixed contacts are disposed in juxtaposition on the bottom of the groove along thereof. The switching member has one or two contacts disposed therein in desired positions or directions. The switching member is mounted in the switch body so that the contact(s) of the switching member bridge over the desired contacts of the switch body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1991
    Assignee: Nihon Kaiheiki Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Shigeo Ohashi
  • Patent number: 4975547
    Abstract: The multi-position electrical switch includes a printed circuit (PC) board arranged in a casing and supporting an array of stationary contacts encircling a light emitting element fixed on the PC board. A resilient rubber sheet covers the PC board and supports an array of movable contacts arranged opposite the stationary contacts. A control knob having a central opening rests on the rubber sheet in the region of the movable contacts. The bottom of the knob is formed with a tubular projection communicating with the central opening of the knob and extending to the level of an opening in the rubber sheet around the light emitting element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1990
    Assignees: Murakami Kameido Co., Ltd., Omron Tateishi Electronics, Co.
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Nakayama, Toshio Yoshioka, Kiyotaka Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 4937402
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a switching device for use as a control switch for the posture-adjustable automotive mirror. The switching device according to the present invention comprises plural fixed contacts disposed in a substantially straight line on a substrate housed in an enclosure, moving contacts formed by two electrically conductive balls disposed movably on the substrate, slider element having two slopes which are in contact with the two balls, a box-shaped actuator comprising a slider which houses the slider element, through holes for guiding the slider parallel to the substrate, and a resilient member disposed between the slider element and the slider, which forces the slider element toward the substrate. Thus, the switching device according to the present invention performs well in operation and durability, as well as ensures a contact between the fixed contacts and the moving contacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1990
    Assignee: Ichikoh Industries Limited
    Inventor: Tatsuo Kyoden
  • Patent number: 4892984
    Abstract: A rotary vacuum-electrical switch controller is particularly applicable for use in an automatic temperature control system in a motor vehicle for selectively interconnecting various vacuum and electrically operated accessories with a vacuum source or an electrical source. The controller includes a valve body including a valve seat having a generally flat circular surface with a plurality of valve ports formed therein. A plurality of valve nipples are connected to the valve ports and the nipples extend from the valve body for connection to a vacuum source and vacuum control devices. A disc-shaped valve plate has a circular surface which faces the valve seat and has a plurality of chambers defined therein by peripherally encompassing radially and circumferentially extending walls. The chambers selectively interconnect various of the ports as the valve plate is rotated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 9, 1990
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: James F. Clark, David J. McFadyen, Pradeep K. Mishra
  • Patent number: 4891475
    Abstract: A "hi/lo" headlight beam selector switch system having a "flash-to-pass" mode, including a terminal block having a back panel with a set of profiled terminal pads mounted thereon, at least one, linearly movable carrier having on its side facing the pads at least one contactor having multiple contact dimples thereon, the dimples being drawn linearly across the back panel interconnecting two or more pads as the carrier(s) move(s) along side them. In a first embodiment (FIGS. 1-3B) two separable carriers, the lower, "hi beam" one of which can be latched down in place, have two return springs, a weaker one positioned between them and a stronger one under the bottom of the "hi beam" carrier; while in a second embodiment (FIGS. 4 & 5) a single carrier working with only three terminal pads compared with four pads is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1990
    Assignee: United Technologies Automotive, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey K. Wiersing, Stephen R. Christian
  • Patent number: 4882457
    Abstract: A steering column switch for motor vehicles comprises a switch member guiding the bridging contact and being swivellably located around an axis. The stationary contacts, however, acted upon by this bridging contact are arranged along a straight line and in a plane repsectively in parallel to the axis of rotation of the switch member. The bridging contact is not directly guided by the switch member, but by a switching arm substantially radially swivellable in relation to the switch member so that the bridging contact is movable along a staight line despite the circular movement of the switch member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1989
    Assignee: SWF Auto-Electric GmbH
    Inventors: Herbert Erdelitsch, Otto Machalitzky, Horst Rachner
  • Patent number: 4825020
    Abstract: An electrical slide switch includes a housing, first, second and third spaced, substantially aligned fixed contacts in the housing, a movable contact in the housing and a slide member which is operative for moving the movable contact between a first position wherein it is in engagement with the first and second fixed contacts and a second position wherein it is in engagement with the second and third fixed contacts. The movable contact is made from a resilient sheet metal, and it includes an elongated contacting portion having a central bump thereon and a pair of resileient biasing portions which are operative for biasing the contacting portion toward the fixed contacts. The biasing portions include inwardly extending portion which extend integrally inwardly from the ends of the contacting portion to spaced bends and outwardly extending portions which extend outwardly from the bends.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1989
    Assignee: Tower Manufacturing Corportion
    Inventors: Chepur P. Rao, Juan J. Barrena
  • Patent number: 4816662
    Abstract: A remote control switch for posture adjustment of automotive mirrors comprises plural fixed contact groups each having a first to third fixed contacts formed on both sides of a substrate and plural pairs of moving contacts disposed corresponding to the fixed contact groups, respectively. Each of the moving contact pairs consists of two electrically-conductive rolling elements movable on the substrate while being so kept by slidable actuating members disposed correspondingly to each moving contact pair. Each of the actuating members are forced by a resilient member disposed correspondingly to the actuating member in a direction where each moving contact pair takes a first contact position in which it is put into contact with the first and second fixed contacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1989
    Assignee: Ichikoh Industries Limited
    Inventor: Tatsuo Kyoden
  • Patent number: 4801769
    Abstract: The disclosed pushbutton operated automotive air control unit incorporates a non-latching pushbutton switch for causing momentary switching of a control circuit, such switch being pre-assembled as a cartridge for easy insertion into the housing of the control unit. The switch comprises a pushbutton member which is telescopically engaged with a body member for sliding movement of the pushbutton member between extended and depressed positions. A return spring is interposed between the pushbutton member and the body member. The pushbutton member has a rearwardly projecting finger affording a switch carriage, slidably received in a guide channel in the body member. An electrically conductive contactor is mounted on the carriage and is selectively engageable with first and second fixed contacts mounted on the body member along such channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1989
    Assignee: Indak Manufacturing Corp.
    Inventor: John G. Cummings
  • Patent number: 4772806
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a switching device for use in a series loop circuit, and more particularly to a switching device for uncoupling defective circuit components from the series loop circuit, for conducting quick trouble-shooting procedures to locate breaks or shorts in the circuit, and for enabling efficient preventive maintenance programs of the circuit components in order to keep them in good repair, with minimal shutdown time of the circuit or interruption in the supply of power to remaining circuit components. The device according to the invention includes a multi-position selector switch which permits in-situ testing of the circuit components so that down-time of the circuit is significantly reduced, and ease of maintenance is enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1988
    Inventors: Shay Lean, Lawrence D. Hazel, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4769554
    Abstract: The present invention is concerned with an electrical switching mechanism for circuits associated with hydraulic systems in automotive vehicles. The switching mechanism comprises at least one switch (13, 15) disposed on a printed circuit board (1), which switch (13, 15) includes a sliding contact (23, 24) fixed to a hydraulically movable carrier (25). The sliding contact (23, 24), along its path of displacement, in various positions (27, 28, 29, 51), between contacts (11, 12; 14, 16) stationarily disposed on the printed circuit board in oppositely spaced relationship, provides for electrically conductive connection or disconnection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1988
    Assignee: Alfred Teves GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Dieter Reinartz, Helmut Steffes
  • Patent number: 4764745
    Abstract: In this construction there are provided: a case; several contact members exposed within the case; several lead terminals electrically connected to some of the contact members, and a support member, all insert molded in the case and protruding outwards; and a circuit breaker provided outside the case, one of its ends supported by a lead terminal and its other end supported by the support member. Thereby compact and efficient unitary construction are attained, and space within a device to which this construction is to be fitted, can be economized. The contact members may be five in number, and may be arranged within the case for contact in a linear relationship, alternatingly serving as input side and output side contact members, with the end ones and the middle one serving for being switched between while the other two serve as common contact members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1988
    Assignee: Omron Tateisi Electronics Co.
    Inventors: Tatsuo Aoi, Yasuhiro Kiyono, Sueaki Honda, Hauro Atsumi
  • Patent number: 4750090
    Abstract: A multi-slider electrical assembly comprises a metal case having a channel-shaped cross-section mounted on a substrate. The case has parallel slits, and guide blocks are spaced apart in parallel within the case for guiding a plurality of sliders extending through the slits. The case has an engage projection and semi-projections on each side thereof formed at each corner on its side walls. The engage projections are bent in contact with metal layers on the bottom surface of the substrate, and the semi-projections bear on grounding layers on the upper surface of the substrate, in order to hold the substrate therebetween without crushing it and to provide a good ground for the case.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1988
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideki Abe
  • Patent number: 4749827
    Abstract: A slide switch has a pair of opposed, fixed terminals provided on a wafer, and a movable slider contact having two pairs of bifurcated movable contact portions at both ends for slidably contacting the fixed terminals to open or close the switch. Precious metal plating is provided on one pair of the bifurcated movable contact portions at one end of the movable slider contact but not on the other pair of bifurcated movable contact portions at the other end of the movable slider contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1988
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tadashi Wagatsuma, Kenji Hiwatashi
  • Patent number: 4737602
    Abstract: To obtain a simple slidable switch structure of click operation type for changing over conductive patterns on a printed circuit board fixed in a card housing of a card module, the switch comprises three fixed through hole contacts formed in the board, and a movable contact formed with two convex contact portions. The movable contact is preferably coated with an insulating material except for the two convex portions and is directly disposed within the housing. When the movable contact is moved to and fro, the movable contact member deformably assembled within the insulation member is selectively and slidably brought into contact with two of the three fixed through hole contacts for changing-over operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1988
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventor: Hiromi Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 4710600
    Abstract: Herein disclosed is a detent mechanism for a detent mechanism for use in a sliding electric part, in which an operation lever exposed to the outside from a casing is slid for operations, such as a slide switch or a volume control for audios. In the detent mechanism, a slide guide formed in a casing is formed with a series of cam crests. There is fixed to an operation lever an engaging member which engages with those cam crests. At least one of the slide guide and the engaging member is given such an elasticity as to tighten the engagement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1987
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinji Sasaki, Yujiro Shimoyama, Yoshinori Watanabe
  • Patent number: 4705920
    Abstract: An electrical switch actuated by a longitudinally reciprocable electrical contact carrier, with such reciprocation being brought about by a two-piece rocker actuator with one of the actuator pieces comprising a removable locking key which when removed from the actuator assembly prevents movement of the contact carrier and thus prevents actuation of the switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: Lucerne Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward V. Sahrbacker
  • Patent number: 4698613
    Abstract: A click mechanism of slide volume control ensures judgement of a center stop position of a lever by a difference in the click touches and allows many stop positions of the lever by providing holes on both sides of the lever inserting hole of the upper surface plate of the frame and providing convex portions on the ends of elastic arms of a plate spring which engage the holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tsutae Okuya