Abstract: A miniature rotary electric switch having push-in wire terminals comprises a housing which is about 1 inch in length, 1 inch in width and 0.2 inches in thickness and which includes a plurality of wire receiving openings. A plurality of Z-shaped stationary contacts are positioned inside the housing and a rotatable contactor is disposed inside the housing for selectively contacting the stationary contacts. Each stationary contact is positioned to overlie at least a portion of one of the wire receiving openings for locking engagement with a wire to be inserted therethrough. Each stationary contact includes a locking tongue, a spring finger and an intermediate arm, the intermediate arm linking the locking tongue to the spring finger. The locking tongue is connected to the intermediate arm at a first bend and the intermediate arm is connected to the spring finger at a second bend.
January 29, 1996
Date of Patent:
March 17, 1998
Tower Manufacturing Corporation
Chepur P. Rao, Bryan A. Thurston, Robert J. Carreiro
Abstract: An electric microswitch includes a base and a cap. The base has a bottom pair of terminals downwardly extending that are hermetically sealed because they are integrally formed as part of the base, while the same terminals extend upwardly from the top of the base, and are in the form of spring contacts. The housing has a pair of apertured extensions that receive a pair of pins located on the housing. The cap includes internal stops that push the spring contacts together when the cap is acted upon while in a pivotable position so that contact pieces on the springs complete the circuit. When the housing is in a non-movable position, the spring contacts and contact pieces are hermetically sealed by the housing acting against a shoulder on the base.
Abstract: A housing to accommodate an alarm conducting clip is made of electrically insulating material having a small aperture at one end for an electric cord passing therethrough, a large aperture at opposite end having a passage formed in-between the apertures adapted to receive a pair of copper plates at inner top and bottom portions, respectively, and a pair of slanting slots at respective walls adapted to receive an actuated rod which is adapted to press a clip to close or to open at its free ends. The clip is formed in a V-shaped profile having the closed end inserted into the housing through the large aperture with the opposite free ends protruding therefrom. The constantly open free ends engage the two copper plates, respectively, that forms a closed circuit of the alarm. The free ends will be forced to close by the activating rod and thus disengage from the two copper plates and forming an open circuit of the alarm, thereafter.
Abstract: An automatically reversing, self-cleaning electric switch preferably for use in miniature, electronic aggregates such as hearing aids comprises a box (1) manufactured from electrically insulating material with a pushing rod (2) also from electrically insulating material mounted in the upper end of the box, a U-formed spring (4) fastened in a hollow space within the pushing rod and spring legs (5,6) which depending on the position of the pushing rod may rest against one or more end terminals (7,8,9) mounted in the lower part of the box for disconnecting or connecting a current through the switch. The resilient force of the U-formed spring causes the pushing rod to revert automatically to a center or zero position when no outer force is applied to the rod and a self-cleaning effect is obtained through the spring legs (5,6) resting slidingly against the terminals (7,8,9).
Abstract: A manually operated switch that combines spring and contact functions in a low profile, machine-insertable component. The switch readily mounts onto a printed wiring board. It includes a cantilevered leaf spring member having one free end and a pair of spaced-apart fulcrums at the other end; one of the fulcrums being at the point of attachment of the leaf spring to the printed wiring board and the other being a re-entrant bend in the leaf spring in the vicinity of its center. An actuator is positioned to apply a force between the fulcrums such that the free end moves in a direction opposite to the direction of the applied force. Each spring member in combination with suitably placed contact pads is capable of providing a separate switch operation such as: "make" operation, "break" operation, or make-before-break "transfer" operation. A single actuator operates one or more spring members, each independently providing a different one of the above-described switch operations.
December 23, 1988
Date of Patent:
December 5, 1989
Telephone and Telegraph Company, AT&T Information Systems Inc.
Abstract: A miniature switch which has reduced susceptibility to welding of contact elements due to high voltage arcing. The switch has parallel resilient spring like current carrying members each having a contact portion mounted adjacent an end thereof. A selectively actuatable switch plunger is adapted to bend the free end of one of the contact members about its fixed support so that the contact portion thereof contacts the contact portion of the other current carrying member, which in turn bends about its fixed support. Upon removal of the operating force of the plunger, the current carrying members spring back to their normal horizontal positions, breaking the electrical contact between the contact portions. The making and breaking actions are made in a slow manner so that the possibility of bouncing between contact elements and the consequent welding due to high voltage arcing, is greatly reduced.
Abstract: A contact assembly for a switch is provided which has an array of fixed surfaces, such as posts, which are arranged in a pattern such as points on a circumference and into which a conductive, elastic or resilient closed loop is seated under stress. The loop completes an electrical circuit through at least some of the fixed surfaces or posts and is moved in and out of the array by an actuator. A plurality of loops and a plurality of arrays may be provided.
Abstract: There is disclosed a multiple electrical contact switch which has a comb block whose teeth are inserted into receptacles of a mounting block thereby wedging pairs of electrical spring contacts, which are also inserted into the receptacles, between the teeth and the receptacles without bending the spring contacts. The electrical contacts extend from the receptacles and are activated by an operating card, which engages the extended portions of the electrical contacts to open or close electrical conduction paths. When pressure on the spring contacts from the actuating card is released, the spring contacts then move the operating card to an original position wherein the sequence of open and closed contact springs is as if there were no contact with the operating card and the contact springs.
Abstract: A switch comprises a dielectric housing having electrical contact members secured in a base thereof with one of the contact members including a stationary contact section and the other of the contact members having a movable contact section. The contact sections are disposed in a profiled arcuate inner surface formed by the base and resilient sections of the housing. A dielectric actuator having a cavity and an external arcuate surface mates with the arcuate inner surface. The surfaces are movable relative to each other when the actuator has been mounted on the housing with the contact sections being disposed in the cavity. The resilient sections of the housing maintain the actuator on the housing. The movable contact section is disposed in a section of the actuator cavity and is movable into and out of electrical engagement with the stationary contact section upon movement of the actuator from one position to another position.
Abstract: The present invention provides low cost electrical switch assemblies. The switch assembly comprises an array of resiliently flexible metallic conductors arranged in predetermined circuit pathways on a dielectric carrier panel. A plurality of apertures or cavities are provided at predetermined locations in the carrier panel. The switch contacts comprise a pair of generally L-shaped fingers which are integral extensions of the flexible conductors. The fingers extend cantilevered from opposite edge surfaces of the carrier panel defining an associated aperture or cavity, to beyond the geometric center of the said associated aperture or cavity, with the free ends of the fingers terminating adjacent one another.
Abstract: The new change-over switch having a connecting element which is articulated to an inner conductor and which connects the connecting element selectively to one of two other conductors. The contacts between the connecting element and the one or the other inner conductors are designed as tulip-shaped contacts, thus permitting a hitherto unobtainable small loss factor and low reflection. During connecting-over, the switching element is pulled in the axial direction out of one tulip-shaped contact, pivoted and pushed into the other tulip-shaped contact. For this movement, the connecting element is designed as two-part telescopic tube. A crank is preferably used for pushing together, pivoting and re-extending the telescopic tube, as is necessary for switching-over.
Abstract: A key switch comprises a casing, at least one key slide guided in the cas against the force of a spring and at least one J-shaped leaf spring having a long spring arm and a short spring arm connected to the long arm by a curved intermediate part, the leaf spring being clamped to assume a unilateral curvature between two abutments, one fixed and the other moveable, the leaf spring having the free end of its long spring arm supported in a first abutment in the key slide and its curved intermediate part in a second abutment formed in a fixed contact member provided in the casing. For providing a minimum space the leaf spring is mounted parallel to the sliding direction in an elongated recess of the key slide.
May 14, 1981
Date of Patent:
February 14, 1984
Preh Elektrofeinmechanische Werke Jakob Preh Nachf. GmbH & Co.
Wolfgang Labude, Karl-Heinz Bauer, Edgar Maisch
Abstract: A manually operated switch, typically of DIP size, having a slightly deformable over-center cam rotor journalled in a hollow housing. Symmetrical projections on the rotor move two opposed cantilever springs into and out of electrical contact. The deformation of the rotor provides detent action. Stops are not required. Single wiping action occurs upon closing the contacts.The cantilever springs may be ridged and of unequal length, or not ridged and of equal free length.
Abstract: The rotary SIP switch (10) provides a single in-line package (SIP) having switching capabilities previously found in dual in-line packages (DIP) while providing more switch contacts in the same package area. The miniature rotary SIP switch (10) has a pair of oppositely disposed terminal and contact leafs (30) fixedly mounted in the base wall (27) of the switch housing (12), with the contact leaf portions (36) cantilevered within the interior of the switch housing (12). Lateral tabs (38) integral with the leaf contacts (36) effect equal spring loading upon a contact pin (44) disposed within an aperture (42) extending through a cylindrically shaped rotary driver (40). The contact pin (44) is free floating in the aperture (42) and self-centers when the rotary driver (40) is rotated and the ends of the contact pin (44) engage respective contact leafs (36). The rotary driver (40) has integral detent protrusions (48) for positioning the driver (40) and contact pin (44) in an open circuit position.
Abstract: A segment holder is mounted in a casing for rotational movement therein, and a plurality of contact wires extend substantially perpendicularly to the axis of rotation of the segment holder and are spaced from each other along the said axis of rotation, the segment holder being biased to turn in a direction under the resiliency of the contact wires. When a driver connected to the segment holder is actuated from the exterior of the casing, the segment holder is rotated against the biasing force applied thereto to make break electrical contact between the contact wires via a conductive segment(s) mounted on the segment holder.
Abstract: One-piece stamped and formed switch device which is intended for mounting on a circuit board comprises an elongated flat base having mounting tabs or posts extending from its ends. A flange extends from one of the ends in the opposite direction from the direction of the mounting tabs and provides a fixed contact surface. A cantilever spring is integral with the base portion at the opposite end and extends alongside the base portion past the flange. In use, the switch device is mounted on the circuit board by inserting the mounting tabs through holes in the circuit board. Thereafter, an intermediate portion of the base is removed by shearing so that the remaining portions are electrically isolated from each other and the spring arm can be engaged with the flange to close a circuit between the conductors on the underside of the circuit board.
Abstract: A multiple pole switch assembly is disclosed which is a simple structure of a housing having contact means and a metallic conductor comb with a plurality of teeth overlying the contact means. The housing is formed of base means and a cover therefor, which cover slides onto the base means in a first direction substantially parallel to the conductor teeth on the comb. The teeth of the comb extend through apertures in the base means and are clamped in position by the cover, with the cover latched in place on the base. The teeth extending through the base means may then be soldered to the base means, and the back of the comb may be broken off along a weakened area of the comb teeth. Switch actuator means is provided in the form of a thin insulator card having a preselected spacing of apertures in a row. The presence or absence of an aperture in the row establishes switch-open or switch-closed conditions.
January 14, 1980
Date of Patent:
March 9, 1982
The Alliance Manufacturing Company, Inc.
Stephen W. Van Cleave, Sam T. Hank, Andrew F. Deming
Abstract: A multiple cantilever spring contact switch has contact members stacked both vertically and side-by-side. The contact members are gripped at one end between surfaces which impose a predetermined inclination of the contact members relative to a base. A pivotally mounted lever on the contact assembly actuates the contact members and can also serve as a member which is actuated by a telephone handset. No specific spring is provided for the lever, the lever being biased by the spring contact members.
Abstract: A multiple cantilever spring contact switch has a plurality of cantilever spring contacts, arranged in one or more series with the spring contacts of a series each clamped at one end in grooves which have base surfaces inclined relative to each other. By this means, predetermined angular inclinations are imposed on the spring contacts, urging the contacts into a correct positional relationship. Particularly the individual contact members are positioned side-by-side at their clamping positions, the free ends of one or more contact members extended laterally to overlie each other. In another arrangement two or more contacts can be stacked, with a spacer member between adjacent contacts, the spacer member having one or more of said grooves.
August 17, 1979
Date of Patent:
March 31, 1981
Northern Telecom Limited
Stanley A. Croft, Bruce I. Dolan, Pak-Jong Chu
Abstract: Electro-surgical pencils are used with a variety of commercially available machines which produce two different types of electrical impulses--one for cutting, the other for cauterizing. In the system of this invention there is a pencil having an electrode received therein (preferably the electrode being reversible to expose two different working ends) and having a finger-actuated, toggle-type switch in the pencil to selectively connect either of the types of electrical impulses to the electrode. A cord having at least three conductors extends from the switch to an adapter which is a multi-contact plug fitting into a matching socket in the machine or permanently attached to the machine. The end of the cord remote from the pencil is received in the adapter and electrical contact with the conductors is expeditiously established. Preferably, the pencil is used with a cup attached to a surgical drape for convenient deposit between uses.
Abstract: A miniature manually actuated switch is grippingly received over an edge of a printed circuit board or card and has a selector for selectively bridging circuit paths on opposite sides of the card. Electrical contacts with the selector captivated there between are resiliently biased into positive gripping relationship on the card.
Abstract: An electrical switch comprises a housing with at least one fixed contact thereon and at least one resilient movable contact which has a fixed end secured on said housing and an opposite movable end with a contact portion which is held by the fixed end in a position spaced from the fixed contact. The housing includes a supporting member located between the movable and fixed ends of the movable contact and on the same side as the fixed contact. The movable contact is engageable by actuating means which includes a rotatable cam which first contacts an intermediate wave-shaped portion to cause an inwardly directed portion of the movable contact to move first into engagement with the support member and to subsequently cause the contact portion to move into engagement with the fixed contact.
Abstract: An electrical starting winding switch for electrical motors having a calibrated single make and break contact with an unusually high opening force for the higher electrical values encountered in high density electrical motors while maintaining a much lower value of uniform contact closing force during the speed-responsive actuation of the switch.
Abstract: A disposable electrosurgical unit for generating electrical signals intended for applications to the body of a patient via an electrosurgical electrode is provided. Cutting signals and coagulation signals can be applied by the actuation of a switch in the handle supporting a removable blade electrode. The electrode blade has a mounting end configuration that can be removably mounted in a receptacle portion of a resilient conductive member. The conductive member is biased by its particular bowed shape and mounting configuration away from wire wrap contacts connected to a power generator source. The switching member is mounted in the electrode handle for selectively moving one of the bowed portions of the resilient conductive member into contact with a wire wrap contact for actuation of the electrode blade in a desired operative mode.
Abstract: This invention relates to a musical instrument operated by keys which in turn actuate change-over switches for selecting a predetermined one of a series of sound generators. The switches are provided by a composite structure constituted of aligned panels which carry the switch contact, the movable arms of which are operated by the keys.
Abstract: A miniature switch assembly comprising a base member having a plurality of parallel finned projections, a pair of contact members each having a plurality of contact terminals being fixed on both sides of the base member, respectively, a plurality of lever wheels being disposed between the adjacent finned projections, and a housing having a plurality of partition walls for accommodating the base member with the contact members and the lever wheels, wherein the lever wheels each having conductive plate perform the switching action in a manner that the conductive plate slides over the contact terminals. A locking member is also provided for locking the lever wheels. Preferably, a dust cover is provided for protecting the switch assembly from dust or mechanical injuries.
Abstract: A manually actuated switch includes a pair of terminals forming switch poles and a knob which is manually actuated to complete or interrupt an electrical circuit across the poles. A pair of spaced contacts are embedded in the knob and resiliently grip therebetween a diode which controls current direction of the completed circuit.
Abstract: An electrical switch including first and second fixed electrical contacts carried by the body of the switch. Fastened to the body is an L-shaped flexible strip which carries first and second movable contacts, one end of one limb of the L-shaped strip being secured to the body. In order to engage the first movable contact with the first fixed contact the strip is flexed along the length of said one limb, and in order to engage the second movable contact with the second fixed contact the strip is twisted along the length of said one limb.