Non-mineral Distilland With Catalyst Or Chemical Treatment Of Volatile Component Patents (Class 201/2.5)
  • Patent number: 10443004
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an integrated plant including, in some embodiments, an interconnected set of two or more stages of reactors forming a bio-reforming reactor configured to generate syngas from wood-containing biomass. A first stage of the bio-reforming reactor is configured to cause a set of chemical reactions in the biomass to produce reaction products of constituent gases, tars, chars, and other components. The first stage includes a fluidized-bed gasifier, a fluidized-bed combustor, and a moving-bed filtration system, each of which includes media inputs and outputs to respectively receive and supply heat-absorbing media to another operation unit for recirculation in a media recirculation loop. The moving-bed filtration system includes a tar pre-reformer configured to capture and reform heavier tars into lighter tars for subsequent processing in one or more fuel-producing reactor trains. Fuel products produced by the one or more reactor trains have a biogenic content of between 50% and 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Sundrop IP Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas S. Jack, Andrew W. Broerman
  • Patent number: 10400176
    Abstract: Methods, processes, systems, or apparatus are provided to remove contaminants such as metals and chlorine present in a pyrolysis stream to form reduced-contaminant liquid biomass. In certain embodiments, for example, a metal chelating agent is dissolved into a metal-containing pyrolysis stream condensate to form metal chelate complex, followed by filtering to obtain the reduced-contaminant liquid biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Ensyn Renewables, Inc.
    Inventors: Barry A. Freel, Josh Normand, Timothy A. Brandvold, Stanley J. Frey, Doug Clarke
  • Patent number: 10364398
    Abstract: A feedstock delivery system transfers a carbonaceous material, such as municipal solid waste, into a product gas generation system. The feedstock delivery system includes a splitter for splitting bulk carbonaceous material into a plurality of carbonaceous material streams. Each stream is processed using a weighing system for gauging the quantity of carbonaceous material, a densification system for forming plugs of carbonaceous material, a de-densification system for breaking up the plugs of carbonaceous material, and a gas and carbonaceous material mixing system for forming a carbonaceous material and gas mixture. A pressure of the mixing gas is reduced prior to mixing with the carbonaceous material, and the carbonaceous material to gas weight ratio is monitored. A transport assembly conveys the carbonaceous material and gas mixture to a first reactor where at least the carbonaceous material within the mixture is subject to thermochemical reactions to form the product gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: ThermoChem Recovery International, Inc.
    Inventors: Ravi Chandran, Daniel A. Burciaga, Daniel Michael Leo, Shawn Robert Freitas, Dave G. Newport, Justin Kevin Miller, Kaitlin Emily Harrington, Brian Christopher Attwood, Emily Jane Schultheis, Kelly Ann Kishton
  • Patent number: 10358610
    Abstract: A process is provided to partially upgrade heavy oil using two or more reaction zones connected in series, each reaction zone being a continuous stirred tank maintained at hydrocracking conditions. The heavy oil feedstock and a solid particulate catalyst are stirred to form pumpable slurry which is heated to a target hydrocracking temperature and then continuously fed to the first reaction zone. Hydrogen is continuously introduced to the reaction zone to achieve hydrocracking and to produce a volatile vapor stream carried upwardly by the hydrogen to produce an overhead vapor stream. The hydrocracked heavy oil slurry from one reaction zone is fed to a next reaction zone also maintained under hydrocracking conditions with a continuous hydrogen feed to produce a volatile vapor stream. The overhead vapor stream from each reactor zone is continuously removed, and the hydrocracked heavy oil slurry from the last of the reaction zones is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Sherritt International Corporation
    Inventors: Mohammad Reza Malek Abbaslou, Ali Abbaspour Gharamalek, Iftikhar Huq, John Henry Marsh
  • Patent number: 10301235
    Abstract: Systems and methods for recycling waste plastics are provided, including a system for recovering styrene monomer from waste polystyrene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Agilyx Corporation
    Inventors: Barry Cavinaw, Sean Crawford, Sebastien Lamaze, David Allen, Eric Christenson, Mark Rumford
  • Patent number: 10202497
    Abstract: Methods are described for microwave extraction of a component from a rubber-containing plant by providing a container holding a mixture of a sample of the rubber-containing plant and a solvent, placing the container holding the mixture in a vessel, irradiating the mixture in the vessel to increase the temperature of the mixture to extract the component from the sample of the rubber-containing plant into the solvent, and separating the extracted component from the solvent to quantify the amount of the component in the sample. Methods are also described for quantifying the amount of natural rubber in a sample from a rubber-containing plant and quantifying the amount of resin in a sample from a rubber-containing plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Waruna C. B. Kiridena, Yingyi Huang
  • Patent number: 10167428
    Abstract: An environmental friendly, continuous biomass torrefaction system is disclosed herein. This torrefaction system captures carbon dioxide (CO2) from the combustion gases generated in the process. A portion of the captured CO2 is recycled and used as the inert gas for torrefying biomass and cooling the torrefied biomass. The rest of the captured CO2 is stored.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Inventor: Yousef Haseli
  • Patent number: 10072227
    Abstract: There is described a processor for use in the microwave torrefaction of biomass material which comprises, a micronized biomass char material and a method of producing a biomass char material, and a method of producing L-glucosan.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: University of York
    Inventors: Vitaliy Lvovich Budarin, Krzysztof Jakub Milkowski, Peter Shuttleworth, Brigid Lanigan, James Hanley Clark, Duncan James Macquarrie, Ashley Wilson
  • Patent number: 10059886
    Abstract: A process and system for hydroprocessing biopyrolysis oils is provided and includes the rejuvenation of an at least partially flow constricted biopyrolysis oil hydroprocessing reactor(s) by flushing with a flushing agent at reduced temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: Inaeris Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lorenz Bauer, Dave Smith, Michael Lee, Changan Zhang
  • Patent number: 9963650
    Abstract: A method and process is described for producing negative carbon fuel. In its broadest form, a carbon-containing input is converted to combustible fuels, refinery feedstock, or chemicals and a carbonaceous solid concurrently in separate and substantially uncontaminated form. In an embodiment of the invention, biomass is converted via discrete increasing temperatures under pressure to blendable combustible fuels and a carbonaceous solid. The carbonaceous solid may be reacted to synthesis gas, sold as charcoal product, carbon credits, used for carbon offsets, or sequestered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Inventors: Michael C. Cheiky, Ronald A. Sills
  • Patent number: 9902859
    Abstract: A system and method for preparing a pelletized carbon black product is provided. The system includes a source of a carbon black product from a pyrolysis process. A mixer is in communication with the source of the carbon black product. A binder oil storage tank is in fluid communication with the mixer. The binder oil storage tank is configured to inject a desired amount of a binder oil into the mixer to form the pelletized carbon black product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: Tellus Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth W. Hamby, Michael R. Beck
  • Patent number: 9790360
    Abstract: The present invention is an asphalt rejuvenator made from a specific styrenic block copolymer, bio-based oil or a bio-based oil blend, and an antioxidant system. The bio-based oil or a bio-based oil blend has a flash point of >230° C., and the asphalt rejuvenator has a maximum viscosity of <2000 cP at 180° C. when measured at 6.8/seconds shear rate. An alternate embodiment of the present invention is a pavement composition of RAP and/or RAS, asphalt rejuvenator, and virgin asphalt with and without a crosslinker. Lastly, the invention includes a method of making an asphalt rejuvenator composition referred to above, and blending it with RAP and fresh asphalt. An emulsion is also described and claimed comprising asphalt rejuvenator, water and an emulsifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: Kraton Polymers U.S. LLC
    Inventors: Sebastian Puchalski, Robert Q. Kluttz, Christopher M. Lubbers
  • Patent number: 9683737
    Abstract: A chemical looping combustion apparatus for solid fuels using different oxygen carriers is provided. The chemical looping combustion apparatus includes: a solid fuel chemical looping combustor configured to receive solid fuels and to produce carbon dioxide and steam by combustion of the solid fuels; a gaseous fuel chemical looping combustor configured to receive gaseous fuels and to produce carbon dioxide and steam by combustion of the gaseous fuels; and a devolatilization reactor configured to produce solids and gases by devolatilizing the solid fuels, and the solid fuels received by the solid fuel chemical looping combustor and the gaseous fuels received by the gaseous fuel chemical looping combustor are the solids and the gases produced by the devolatilization reactor, respectively. Accordingly, a reaction rate and an amount of oxygen transfer can increase, and necessity for low-priced oxygen carriers and a make-up cost of low-priced oxygen carriers can be reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Inventors: Ho-jung Ryu, Gyoung-tae Jin, Chang-keun Yi, Do-won Shun, Jae-hyeon Park, Dal-hee Bae, Sung-ho Jo, Seung-yong Lee, YoungCheol Park, Jong-ho Moon, Dong-ho Lee, Ji-bong Joo
  • Patent number: 9624439
    Abstract: Systems and methods achieve the conversion of polymer containing material into petroleum products such as hydrocarbon gas, wax, crude oil and diesel. The reactor and its system are designed to subject the polymer containing material to pyrolysis in a way that results in a higher petroleum product yield than conventional existing systems. The system has controls which allow for the heating temperature, rotation of the body, and throughput rate, to be adjusted depending on the reaction time required for the material inside the reactor. The condensing system is able to separate the products into the desired petroleum products by percentage output ranging from wax to crude-like oil to diesel-quality oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: PK Clean Technologies
    Inventors: Priyanka Bakaya, Benjamin Ralph Coates
  • Patent number: 9593282
    Abstract: A system and method for processing biomass into hydrocarbon fuels that includes processing a biomass in a hydropyrolysis reactor resulting in hydrocarbon fuels and a process vapor stream and cooling the process vapor stream to a condensation temperature resulting in an aqueous stream. The aqueous stream is sent to a catalytic reactor where it is oxidized to obtain a product stream containing ammonia and ammonium sulfate. A resulting cooled product vapor stream includes non-condensable process vapors comprising H2, CH4, CO, CO2, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Terry L. Marker, Larry G. Felix, Martin B. Linck, Michael J. Roberts
  • Patent number: 9579837
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating waste materials comprising, particulating the waste materials into discrete particles, heating and drying the particles in a non-oxidizing atmosphere in a drier at a temperature in the range of 800° to 860° C. for carbonizing the particles, crushing the carbonized particles and leaching the crushed carbonized particles in an acid solution for dissolution of heavy metals into the solution, separating the leach solution containing heavy metal from the carbonized particles, adding to the carbonized particles particulate sodium hydroxide, silica, feldspar and limestone in a ratio of 100:0.3-0.5:8-12:2-4, mixing said particles with 15 to 18% by weight water to form a wet mixture and continuously extruding the wet mixture to form an elongated continuous extrusion, severing the elongated extrusion into blocks or planks of predetermined length, drying the blocks or planks and heating the dried blocks or planks in a kiln at a temperature in the range of 1200° to 1300° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Inventors: Jay Kim, Wesley Tse
  • Patent number: 9556385
    Abstract: A refining apparatus and a refining method for recycling waste plastics. The refining apparatus includes a feeding device, a pyrolysis furnace, a chloride-decomposing device, a first condensation device, a temporary storage, a still, a sieve plate tower, a second condensation device, and a receiving tank. The waste plastics are cracked by the pyrolysis furnace to produce plastic gas by heating. The chlorides of the plastic gas are removed by the chloride-decomposing device having the ammonia to produce a first oil gas. The first oil gas is condensed by the first condensation device to produce raw oil. The raw oil is heated by the still to produce a second oil gas. The second oil gas is sieved by the sieve plate tower to produce a third oil gas. The third oil gas is condensed by the second condensation device to produce finished oil received by the receiving tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: GL Renewable Energy Company
    Inventor: Chao-Kao Chen
  • Patent number: 9464234
    Abstract: Efficient biomass conversion systems, methods and apparatus utilize a fast pyrolysis unit installed at locations having substantial quantities of biomass, with the biomass fed into the fast pyrolysis unit under pyrolytic reaction conditions, and with exhaust gases containing entrained matter resulting from the pyrolytic reactions being separated into char and bio-fuel constituents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Inventor: John M. Tharpe, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9376632
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for thermolysis of waste plastic in which reaction residue and carbonization products are continuously removed is described. The apparatus includes a feeding system, an extruder, a reactor for thermolysis, a dual agitator housed within the reactor, a trigger system in operative connection with the reactor, a flux heater, and a collecting system in operative connection with the reactor. The reactor for thermolysis has a height at least 1.5 times bigger than a diameter. The trigger system includes a circulation pump and the collecting system has a three-way valve in an external circulation loop. The apparatus is arranged such that the extruder follows the feeding system, the reactor follows the extruder, the trigger system is at a bottom of the reactor, and the flux heater and collecting system follow the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: CLARITER IP S.A.
    Inventors: Daria Fraczak, Bartlomiej Karbowy, Bartlomiej Samardakiewicz
  • Patent number: 9193589
    Abstract: A method for removing tar from a gas by contacting a first gas containing tar with a second gas containing oxygen for time period sufficient to effect oxidation of at least a portion of the tar in the first gas, thus producing an oxidized product gas that contains less tar than the first gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: RES USA, LLC
    Inventor: Herman Feldmann
  • Patent number: 9127207
    Abstract: Described is a pyrolysis system including an entrained flow pyrolyzer having an opening through which biomass can be added. The pyrolyzer also has an inlet for hot exhaust gas, an outlet for pyrolyzed biomass and an outlet for syngas. The system has a burner for producing hot exhaust gas and a conduit between the burner and the hot exhaust gas inlet. A syngas extraction means for extracting syngas from the pyrolyzer. The syngas extraction means extracts syngas from the pyrolyzer at a rate such that the internal pressure within the pyrolyzer never exceeds the pressure external to the pyrolyzer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: Process Limited
    Inventor: Robert D. Eden
  • Patent number: 9023181
    Abstract: A pyrolyzer apparatus (i.e. a “cracking pipe”) comprises a first screen, a second screen, and a catalyst material positioned between the first and second screens. The pyrolyzer is structured so that feedstock is pyrolyzed and pyrolyzer-generated gas is drawn through the first screen, through the catalyst material, and then through the second screen in series. The gas may then be directed to other processing equipment so that bio-oil is extracted from the gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Neil M. Goldberg, Michael F. Dallmer, Akswasi A. Boateng, Charles A. Mullen, David J. Milhalcik
  • Patent number: 9017521
    Abstract: A process for heat treatment of a solid, with a coolant solid, in which a stage for mixing the solid with the pre-heated coolant solid is carried out, with the coolant solid being a solid hydrocarbon. The solid hydrocarbon is ground, before the mixing stage with the solid, to obtain a solid hydrocarbon powder with a grain size of between 20 ?m and 300 ?m. The solid is ground, before the mixing stage with the coolant solid, to obtain solid pellets with a thickness of between 1 mm and 30 mm, a width of between 1 mm and 40 mm, and a length of between 1 mm and 100 mm. The mixing is carried out at a temperature of between 80° C. and 700° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Elena Garcia Sanz, Matthieu Rolland
  • Publication number: 20150027871
    Abstract: A process for making a catalytic system for converting solid biomass into fuel of specialty chemical products is disclosed. The process includes preparing a slurry precursor mixture by mixing an aluminosilicate clay material with a pore regulating agent and optionally a binder, shaping the mixture into shaped bodies; removing the pore regulating agent to form porous shaped bodies, preparing an aqueous reaction mixture comprising the porous shaped bodies in presence of a zeolite seeding material, and thermally treating the aqueous reaction mixture to form the catalyst system. The catalyst system can comprise, for example, a MFI-type zeolite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Dennis Stamires, Michael Brady
  • Publication number: 20140318944
    Abstract: Disclosed in one embodiment is a method for the catalytic pyrolysis of a carbonaceous material that includes contacting the carbonaceous material with a plurality of catalyst particles to produce a gas phase product and a solid phase product and separating the gas phase product from the solid phase product and the plurality of catalyst particles. The method further includes partially regenerating the plurality of catalyst particles by exposing the solid phase product and the catalyst particles to a first oxidizing condition to produce an oxidized solid phase and a partially-regenerated catalyst and cooling the partially-regenerated catalyst and a non-oxidized portion of the solid phase product. Still further, the method includes further regenerating the partially-regenerated catalyst by exposing the non-oxidized portion of the solid phase product and the partially-regenerated catalyst to a second oxidizing condition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lance A. Baird, Tom N. Kalnes, Douglas B. Galloway
  • Patent number: 8859831
    Abstract: A system and method for processing biomass into hydrocarbon fuels that includes processing a biomass in a hydropyrolysis reactor resulting in hydrocarbon fuels and a process vapor stream and cooling the process vapor stream to a condensation temperature resulting in an aqueous stream. The aqueous stream is sent to a catalytic reactor where it is oxidized to obtain a product stream containing ammonia and ammonium sulfate. A resulting cooled product vapor stream includes non-condensable process vapors comprising H2, CH4, CO, CO2, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Terry L. Marker, Larry G. Felix, Martin B. Linck, Michael J. Roberts
  • Patent number: 8841495
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for thermochemically transforming biomass or other oxygenated feedstocks into high quality liquid hydrocarbon fuels. In particular, a catalytic hydropyrolysis reactor, containing a deep bed of fluidized catalyst particles is utilized to accept particles of biomass or other oxygenated feedstocks that are significantly smaller than the particles of catalyst in the fluidized bed. The reactor features an insert or other structure disposed within the reactor vessel that inhibits slugging of the bed and thereby minimizes attrition of the catalyst. Within the bed, the biomass feedstock is converted into a vapor-phase product, containing hydrocarbon molecules and other process vapors, and an entrained solid char product, which is separated from the vapor stream after the vapor stream has been exhausted from the top of the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Terry L. Marker, Larry G. Felix, Martin B. Linck, Michael J. Roberts
  • Patent number: 8835704
    Abstract: A biomass pyrolysis process is provided in which biomass feedstock is mixed with a heat carrier. The heat carrier at least partly comprises char. The ratio by weight of biomass to char is in the range 1:1 to 1:20. The process may be carried out by in a screw/auger pyrolysis reactor in which the solid feedstock components are conveyed along the reactor by a first screw. A second screw conveys at least a portion of the solid products of the biomass pyrolysis back to a heat transfer medium input port. Thus, the heat transfer medium includes char from the biomass pyrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Aston University
    Inventors: Andreas Hornung, Andreas Apfelbacher
  • Publication number: 20140183022
    Abstract: Various biomass reactors systems and methods of pyrolyzing biomass are disclosed. One type of biomass reactor system comprises a plurality of biomass processing stations configured in series, each station comprising an auger reactor including an auger inlet for receiving biomass and a transfer screw for conveying the biomass through the auger reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2014
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Inventors: Daren DAUGAARD, Davy TONG, Vern S. TRAXLER, Vital AELION, Gary PODREBARAC, James HILLIER, Michael C. CHEIKY
  • Patent number: 8722948
    Abstract: In a method for thermal processing of slurry, slurry is combined with a bio-mass to produce a mixture. The mixture is subjected in a heated mixer pump to a cracking temperature, thereby allowing the mixture to catalytically undergo a cracking reaction to produce a reaction mixture which is directly outgased in the mixer pump to produce an outgased portion and a solid portion. The outgased portion and the solid portion are separately discharged from the mixer pump; with the low boiling fraction of the outgased portion allowed to cool down for further processing, and the solid portion collected in a residual matter container for further processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Inventor: Jürgen Buchert
  • Patent number: 8722958
    Abstract: Provided is a method of decomposing plastic and organic waste by using titanium oxide granules which are easily separated from metals and inorganic substances, have a highly efficient decomposing capability, and have a characteristic of fine powder formation resistance during pyrolysis. More specifically, the method of decomposing plastic and organic waste by using titanium oxide granules which are easily separated from metals and inorganic substances, have a highly efficient decomposing capability, and have a characteristic of fine powder formation resistance during pyrolysis has been established by optimizing the characteristics of titanium oxide granules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Kusatsu Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Itsushi Kashimoto
  • Patent number: 8715582
    Abstract: An apparatus for providing activated carbon that has a reactor vessel for containing carbon based feedstock and a processor that encloses the reactor vessel. An insulating barrier is disposed between the reactor vessel and the processor for defining generally vertical outer and inner pathways that are communicably interconnected. The reactor vessel has a gas receiving intake port in communication with the inner pathway. First and second inlet conduits are formed through the processor and into the reactor for respectively introducing a first ignition gas into the reactor to ignite the feedstock and a second gas into the first pathway. The second gas circulates through the outer and inner pathways and enters the reactor vessel through the gas receiving intake port. The exhaust gas is circulated through a catalyst chamber/cartridge/bed. At least one exhaust port discharges gas from the vessel exteriorly of the processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Inventors: Earl R. Decker, Walter David Hemenway, Douglas MacPherson, Carl B. Melanson
  • Publication number: 20140073824
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to biomass pyrolysis processes and systems that decrease entrainment of char and other contaminants in the pyrolysis vapors by filtering the vapors in a heated container comprising a moving bed granular filter (MBGF), which in turn, comprises granular heat carrier. The granular heat carrier is heated within the MBGF and fed directly to the pyrolysis reactor, optionally along with filtered solids such as char. In certain embodiments, the MBGF additionally comprises at least one upgrading catalyst that contacts the vapors to produce a hydrocarbon mixture fungible with a petroleum-derived transportation fuel, a hydrocarbon transportation fuel component, or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: PHILLIPS 66 COMPANY
    Inventors: Samuel T. Jones, Jonathan T. Gorke, Mark A. Hughes
  • Patent number: 8657999
    Abstract: A method for producing a fuel composition from a feedstock which may contain biomass and municipal solid waste is described. The method includes the step of pyrolyzing the feedstock in the presence of a transition metal, using microwave energy, so that the level of oxygen in at least one product of the pyrolysis is reduced. An integrated process is also described, in which the transition metal can be regenerated. Moreover, pyrolysis products such as bio-oils can be upgraded to liquid fuel compositions. Related systems for producing fuel compositions are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Vitali Victor Lissianski, R. George Rizeq, Surinder Prabhjot Singh
  • Publication number: 20140027265
    Abstract: This invention relates to improvements in the fast pyrolysis of biomass. In this invention, a portion of the products from a pyrolysis reactor are condensed in the liquid phase and at least a portion of the recovered liquid is recycled to the pyrolysis reactor for further conversion to valuable, useful products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventors: Terry Mazanec, Jeff Whiting
  • Publication number: 20130327627
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to the thermal conversion of biomass. Processes are disclosed for converting biomass to condensable vapor intermediates such as pyrolysis oil by means of catalytic pyrolysis in a reactor comprising at least one auger, where the catalyst also comprises a heat carrier. The intermediates produced may be further processed for production of renewable hydrocarbon fuels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Inventors: Daren E. Daugaard, Samuel T. Jones, Alexandru Platon, Kening Gong, Edgar Lotero
  • Publication number: 20130327626
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to the thermal conversion of biomass. Processes are disclosed for converting algal biomass to condensable vapor intermediates such as pyrolysis oil by means of pyrolysis in a reactor comprising at least one auger. The intermediates may be further processed for production of renewable hydrocarbon fuels. The disclosed processes assist in preventing premature devolatization of algal biomass during pyrolysis, thereby increasing efficiency and commercial feasibility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Inventors: Daren E. Daugaard, Samuel T. Jones, Alexandru Platon, Kening Gong, Edgar Lotero
  • Patent number: 8581015
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for restoring plastics to oil, thereby efficiently recycling waste plastics, comprises a decomposer, an oil reduction body, a cooling tank, and a filter and emission part. The decomposer comprises a decomposition space comprising an opening to receive the plastic, a heating coil inside the decomposer to heat the decomposition space to pyrolyze the plastic, and a pyrolyzing gas exhaust pipe to exhaust pyrolyzing gas produced in pyrolyzing the plastic. The oil reduction body is divided into a cooling space and a oil catchment space by a partition. The cooling tank provides cooling water to the cooling space to cool and reduce the pyrolyzing gas to oil, which is collected in the oil catchment space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Eco Creation International, Inc.
    Inventor: Ki Jeong Jeon
  • Publication number: 20130284579
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process/system for the fractionation of bio-oil, produced from the thermo-catalytic conversion of biomass, into boiling point fractions. The fractionation of the bio-oil is performed using molecular distillation under conditions which minimize the thermal stress to the bio-oil and fractions obtained therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Maria Magdalena Ramirez Corredores, Xiaowei Tong, Jennifer Sorrells, Jeffrey R. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20130213790
    Abstract: A device for converting biomass with a water content of at least 50% to gaseous products includes a reactor filled at least partially with a packing including at least one filler body for accommodating supercritical water and a hydrothermal molten salt. A heater is arranged to heat up the reactor and its content. A first feeding pipe is coupled to the reactor to feed water and salt solution into the reactor. A second feeding pipe is coupled to the reactor to feed to biomass into the reactor. A discharge pipe is coupled to the reactor to discharge gaseous products from the reactor. An outlet is proved in the bottom of the reactor for removing portions of the molten salt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
    Inventor: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
  • Patent number: 8465627
    Abstract: A method for reducing the mechanical strength of solid biomass material, in particular lignocellulosic biomass, comprises mixing the solid biomass material with an inorganic material and heating the solid biomass material mixture to a toasting temperature in the range of 105° C. to 140° C. during an exposure time of from 1 minute to 12 hours. Before or after the heat treatment, which is referred to as “toasting”, the biomass material mixture is subject to flash heating. The treatment significantly reduces the mechanical energy required for reducing the particle size of the solid biomass material and is suitable as a pretreatment prior to a conversion reaction of the solid biomass material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Brady, Robert Bartek, Dennis Stamires, Paul O'Connor
  • Patent number: 8404909
    Abstract: A method of biomass pyrolysis is described which includes chemical looping of combustion char so that carbon dioxide can be captured from the combustion of the char as well as producing useable compounds from pyrolyzing biomass in a pyrolysis reactor including a metal oxide carrier particles which is in operative cooperation with a char combustor and oxidation reactor and separator for separating carbon dioxide from the flue gas produced by the char combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Raja A Jadhav
  • Patent number: 8377264
    Abstract: Disclosed is an organic material disposal method comprising a step for thermally decomposing a raw organic material and a gas treatment step for treating a gas generated in the preceding step, wherein the thermal decomposition step comprises a substep of decomposing the raw organic material into a carbide and a gaseous component, and the gas treatment step comprises the following substeps (1) to (5): (1) catalytically oxidizing the gaseous component produced in the thermal decomposition step; (2) neutralizing/washing the oxidized gas; (3) subjecting a waste water produced in the neutralization/washing step to the solid-liquid separation; (4) further thermally decomposing a solid component separated in the solid-liquid separation step together with the raw organic material in the thermal decomposition step; and (5) re-using a liquid component separated in the solid-liquid separation step in the solid-liquid separation step and/or the neutralization/washing step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: N.M.G. Environmental Development Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Tokuda, Toshiaki Okauchi
  • Patent number: 8354005
    Abstract: Apparatus for the destructive reclamation of materials and energy from municipal wastes and other raw materials through the use of Microwave induced Gasification and Pyrolysis, where the waste or raw material may be circulated once or several times through the process thus enabling the programming of different processes to differing materials and desired end products. The form employed being linear, circulating conveyors or rotating carousels that may carry trays or crucibles, some of which may be equipped with linings that absorb microwaves to enable the early charring of materials that do not initially absorb microwaves and thus will not heat up on their own.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Inventor: Kjell Ivar Kasin
  • Patent number: 8350104
    Abstract: To provide a method for catalytically cracking waste plastics wherein the efficiency in decomposition is high; even polyethylene composed of linear chain molecules difficult in decomposition is decomposable at a low temperature and decomposed residue is hardly produced; the process is simple since dechlorination can be achieved at the same time with catalytically cracking waste plastics in one reaction vessel; and oil fractions can be recovered at 50% or more on a net yield basis. The method for catalytically cracking waste plastics of the present invention has a constitution in which waste plastics are loaded as a raw material into a granular FCC catalyst heated to a temperature range from 350° C. to 500° C. inside a reaction vessel, thereby decomposing and gasifying the waste plastics in contact with the FCC catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Kitakyushu Foundation for the Advancement of Industry, Science and Technology
    Inventors: Kaoru Fujimoto, Xiaohong Li
  • Publication number: 20130004409
    Abstract: A process and system for the controlled thermal conversion of a carbonaceous feedstock, including: exposing the feedstock to one or more predetermined temperatures and one or more predetermined pressures for one or more predetermined amounts of time in one or more chambers to produce a gas product and a solid product, wherein the gas product includes one or more of methane, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and one or more noxious chemicals and the solid product includes Carbon; sequestration enabling at least a portion of the Carbon by creating associated Lewis Acid Sites; sequestering at least one of the one or more noxious chemicals in the one or more chambers using the sequestration enabled Carbon; and controlling the constituents of the gas product using feedback, thereby providing a predictable and stable gas product from an unknown and/or variable feedstock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Inventor: Richard D. TUCKER
  • Patent number: 8344195
    Abstract: A process for producing fuel by cracking a plastics-derived liquid, which is obtained from a pyrolysis process, using a dolomite catalyst. The plastics-derived liquid is produced by the pyrolysis of plastic waste, such as of one or more of polyethylene, polystyrene or polypropylene. The plastic-derived liquid is first subjected to a semi-batch catalytic cracking reaction over a very low cost dolomite catalyst to obtain high quality oil for fuel, which comprises mainly light and heavy naphtha. Moreover, the catalytic cracking reaction is conducted at operating temperatures lower than 320° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Inventor: Jumluck Srinakruang
  • Patent number: 8317980
    Abstract: A reactor having a shaft protruding through one end, a fuel output tube protruding through a second end, shovels housed inside, and a discharge tube, is provided. A first end of the discharge tube is inside of the reactor and the second end protrudes out of the fuel output tube. A helix thruster can be inside the discharge tube and have a driver shaft with a first gear inside of the reactor. The reactor can also include a residue collector and a fork. The fork can be disposed on a driven shaft including a second gear, which engages the first gear of the helix thruster. A system for feeding materials into the reactor is also disclosed as well as methods of converting waste plastic or rubber into fuel using the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Nantong Tianyi Environment and Energy Technology Limited Corporation
    Inventors: Jianguo Li, Xurong Zhao
  • Publication number: 20120289753
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the recycling by depolymerisation through thermolysis. A method and installation for depolymerisation through efficient thermolysis for recycling is provided that allow the production of light hydrocarbons having high quality and being free of impurities and contaminants. This objective is achieved by methods and installations where either the secondary products of the process are re-fed to supply energy for the main recycling process or are refined to manufacture final usable and saleable products. Therefore, the use of the energy content of the starting materials is maximised by assuring their full utilisation, minimising the environmental harm while an energetically autonomous installation is provided. All the components of the waste or starting material may be recycled, by physico-chemical means, and no additional contaminant waste is produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2010
    Publication date: November 15, 2012
    Inventors: Victorino Luengo Marin, Javier Guilarte Saen
  • Publication number: 20120266529
    Abstract: A fast pyrolysis system includes an auger housing having an inlet, an outlet, and an inner wall. A rotatable auger is mounted in the housing. The auger has surfaces defining at least one spiral channel. The spiral channel is tapered from a first depth adjacent the housing inlet to a second lesser depth adjacent the housing outlet. The auger is rotatable to propel particulate materials from the housing inlet toward the housing outlet to heat the particulate material to a first temperature sufficient to convert at least a portion of the particulate material into a vapor. A heat exchanger transfers a heat of vaporization from a heated medium to the auger housing inner wall. A filter assembly is connected downstream to the housing outlet in order to filter char fines from the vapor. A condenser is connected downstream to the filter assembly and is adapted to condense the vapor stream into bio-oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Inventor: John Scahill