And Fractionally Condensing Vapors Patents (Class 201/30)
  • Patent number: 9216365
    Abstract: A waste resource treatment method and device include pyrolysis desorption treatment elements having one or more pyrolysis desorption chambers connected in parallel. Sub-temperature fractionation treatment elements having a low-temperature fractionating pipe and a plurality of higher-temperature or high-temperature fractionating pipes for fractionating a gas at different temperature ranges are connected to the pyrolysis desorption chambers, respectively. The fractionating pipes are connected to sub-temperature resource recycling treatment elements for treating the gas at different temperature ranges, respectively. The sub-temperature resource recycling treatment elements are connected to refrigeration-liquefaction treatment elements and to adsorption exhaust treatment elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Inventors: Chuang Jung, Chun-Pao Kuo
  • Patent number: 8992736
    Abstract: A process for quenching, separating and collecting targeted components of a hot pyrolysis product stream from the pyrolysis of biomass is provided. The process utilizes sequential steps of rapid quenching and electrostatic precipitation comprising injecting a coolant comprising at least one of nitrogen, a noble gas and mixtures thereof into a hot pyrolysis vapor to selectively condense a first fraction of components from the hot pyrolysis vapor at a first predetermined temperature which is then collected by electrostatic precipitation in a first electrostatic precipitator at about the first predetermined temperature, where a wall temperature of the first electrostatic precipitator is maintained slightly higher than the first predetermined temperature. The sequential steps of coolant injection and collection are repeated at progressively cooler temperatures in order to selectively collect one or more fractions of the hot mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignees: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc., Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Daren E. Daugaard, Samuel T. Jones, Dustin L. Dalluge, Robert C. Brown
  • Patent number: 8986507
    Abstract: Methods, devices and systems for continuously converting biomass are described herein. A device has a feed section for holding a moving bed of biomass, namely wood, having a drying section, a flame zone for degassing, and a, smolder zone for carbonizing the biomass into a solid converted product, namely charcoal. The device includes a tank for collecting the solid converted product arranged below a grate and coupled with the feed section in a gas-tight manner. The system comprising the device, a biogas plant and/or a combined heat and power plant conveys the liquid converted product, namely pyroligneous acid or acetic acid, to the biogas plant and/or the solid converted product, namely charcoal, to the combined heat and power plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: European Charcoal AG
    Inventor: Bernd Schottdorf
  • Patent number: 8975458
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus and material are disclosed for generating renewable energy from biomass waste while sequestering carbon. In one aspect, a method performed by a reactor to dissociate raw biomass waste into a renewable source energy or a carbon byproduct or both includes receiving the raw biomass waste that includes carbon, hydrogen and oxygen to be dissociated under an anaerobic reaction. Waste heat is recovered from an external heat source to heat the received raw biomass waste. The heated raw biomass waste is dissociated to produce the renewable fuel, carbon byproduct or both. The dissociating includes compacting the heated raw biomass waste, generating heat from an internal heat source, and applying the generated heat to the compacted biomass waste under pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8968520
    Abstract: A method of treating untreated low calorific coal containing moisture and organic volatiles includes feeding untreated coal to a dryer, and drying the coal. The dried coal is subjected to a pyrolyzing step where oxygen-deficient gases are brought into contact with the coal, thereby lowering the volatile content of the coal and producing a stream of pyrolysis effluent gases. The pyrolysis effluent gases are subjected to a separation process to separate lean fuel gases from liquids and tars, wherein the separation process removes less than about 20 percent of the pyrolysis effluent gases as the liquids and tars, with the remainder being the lean fuel gases. The lean fuel gases are returned to the dryer combustor, the pyrolyzer combustor, or the pyrolyzer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: National Institute of Clean and Low-Carbon Energy (NICE)
    Inventors: Dennis W. Coolidge, Deane A. Horne, Ronn G. Smith
  • Patent number: 8927797
    Abstract: The method produces a hydrocarbonaceous fluid (a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons, or in other words a mixture of hydrocarbons which is liquid at ambient room temperature and atmospheric pressure), which functionally is a liquid hydrocarbon fuel, from a feed of waste plastic. The method can comprise the steps of: (step 1) melting a feed of substantially solid waste plastic in an aerobic atmosphere (for instance, air) whereby a waste-plastic melt is produced; (step 2) distilling at least a portion of the waste-plastic melt whereby a hydrocarbonaceous distillate is produced; and (step 3) collecting the hydrocarbonaceous distillate. That distillate is generally referred to above as a condensate. The method can include the step of comminuting the feed of substantially solid waste plastic into pieces substantially no greater than about 1.5 cm2 prior to step 1. The method can also include the step of adding an effective amount of a cracking catalyst to the waste plastic prior to step 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Natural State Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Moinuddin Sarker
  • Patent number: 8916735
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus and material are described for generating renewable energy from biomass waste while sequestering carbon. In one aspect, a method performed by a reactor to dissociate raw biomass waste into a renewable source energy or a carbon byproduct or both includes receiving the raw biomass waste that includes carbon, hydrogen and oxygen to be dissociated under an anaerobic reaction. Waste heat is recovered from an external heat source to heat the received raw biomass waste. The heated raw biomass waste is dissociated to produce the renewable fuel, carbon byproduct or both. The dissociating includes compacting the heated raw biomass waste, generating heat from an internal heat source, and applying the generated heat to the compacted biomass waste under pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8877995
    Abstract: Pyrolysis fuels and methods for processing pyrolysis fuel are provided. In one embodiment, a method of processing pyrolysis fuel converts biomass to pyrolysis fuel including pyrolysis oil and char particles. Also, the method includes resizing a portion of the char particles so that substantially all resized char particles have a largest dimension no greater than about 5 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lance Awender Baird, Stanley Joseph Frey
  • Publication number: 20140262727
    Abstract: A system for the production of carbonized biomass that includes an infeed for accepting biomass feed material and an associated twin screw extruder. A water heater is connected with respect to at least one inlet along a length of the twin screw extruder and a pressure sustaining valve is connected at an outlet of the twin screw extruder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Larry G. Felix, William E. Farthing, James H. Irvin, Todd R. Snyder, Wei Yan
  • Patent number: 8832964
    Abstract: A system, method and configuration for recovering turpentine during the manufacturing of wood chips, wood pellets or other substances that may include turpentine. In general, a turpentine recovery system is used to capture turpentine from exhaust of a dryer as wood chips are being dried. Advantageously, application of the various techniques disclosed herein can result in the recovery of turpentine that can then be sold to generate revenue and, may contribute to a reduction in the capital and operation costs for emission controls for the dryer exhaust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Inventor: Robert J. Foxen
  • Patent number: 8802906
    Abstract: Described is an apparatus and method for recovery of energy and by-products from automobile and truck tires. The tires are heated in an oxygen poor environment, and the off gases are condensed to recover a liquid oil product and compressible natural gas. The tires are reduces to ash and steel, both of which can be feed streams for other processes. The apparatus includes a condenser with cooled plates, and oil recovery structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventor: David Brent Thompson
  • Patent number: 8772559
    Abstract: A biochar generator may include a pyrolysis chamber, a heater connected to the pyrolysis chamber and a biochar collection chamber in communication with the pyrolysis chamber. A biochar collection chamber sensor may sense a composition of the biochar collected in the biochar collection chamber to define a sensed composition of the biochar. A controller in electrical communication with the biochar collection chamber sensor may utilize the sensed composition of the biochar to dynamically alter conditions in the pyrolysis chamber to alter the composition of the biochar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Data Flow Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas F. Smaidris
  • Patent number: 8722948
    Abstract: In a method for thermal processing of slurry, slurry is combined with a bio-mass to produce a mixture. The mixture is subjected in a heated mixer pump to a cracking temperature, thereby allowing the mixture to catalytically undergo a cracking reaction to produce a reaction mixture which is directly outgased in the mixer pump to produce an outgased portion and a solid portion. The outgased portion and the solid portion are separately discharged from the mixer pump; with the low boiling fraction of the outgased portion allowed to cool down for further processing, and the solid portion collected in a residual matter container for further processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Inventor: Jürgen Buchert
  • Patent number: 8691053
    Abstract: The invention relates to waste processing and to producing hydrocarbons from domestic and industrial organic waste by pyrolysis. The inventive waste processing method involves carrying out the first and second pyrolysis stages, fractionating pyrolysis products and processing each fraction for producing useful products. The second pyrolysis stage is carried out simultaneously with the electromagnetic action produced on the pyrolysis products. The device for carrying out said method comprises a two-sectional pyrolysis reactor. An electromagnetic source is arranged on the second section of the reactor. The output of the second section is connected to a system for dividing the vaporous pyrolysis products. The technical result consists in increasing the waste processing effectiveness and producing solid, liquid and vaporous fuel components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Zakrytoe Aktsionernoye Obschestvo Finansovo-Promyshlennaya Gruppa “Tezaurum”
    Inventor: Sergei G. Gaga
  • Patent number: 8641871
    Abstract: Processes for pyrolyzing hydrocarbonaceous material are provided. A process for pyrolyzing hydrocarbonaceous material includes charging a reactor with a feed material comprising hydrocarbonaceous material, heating the feed material, and collecting liquid product from the reactor which is anaerobic in operation. At least 5% of the organic carbon atoms which are not present in an aromatic ring of a compound of the feed material are present in an aromatic ring of a compound in a liquid portion of the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: RES Polyflow LLC
    Inventor: Charles W. Grispin
  • Patent number: 8558044
    Abstract: A biochar generator to be carried by a vehicle may comprise a pyrolysis chamber, an auger, a heater, and a vapor condenser each connected to the pyrolysis chamber. The biochar generator may also include a synthesis gas collection chamber to collect synthesis gas, and a bio oil collection chamber to collect bio oil, each in communication with the vapor condenser. A biochar collection chamber may be included to collect biochar dispensed from the pyrolysis chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Inventor: Thomas F Smaidris
  • Patent number: 8535516
    Abstract: An efficient delayed coking process improvement for producing heavy coker gas oil of sufficient quality to be used as hydrocracker feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Bechtel Hydrocarbon Technology Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: John D. Ward, Lisa M. Strassle, Kevin Sitton
  • Publication number: 20130233692
    Abstract: A process for treating coal includes introducing coal into a chamber and passing an oxygen deficient sweep gas into contact with the coal, the sweep gas being at a higher temperature than the temperature of the coal so that heat is supplied to the coal. The process further includes providing additional heat to the coal indirectly by heating the chamber, wherein the heating of the coal by the sweep gas and by the indirect heating from the chamber causes condensable volatile components to be released into the sweep gas. The proportion of heat supplied to the coal by the sweep gas is less than 40% of the total heat supplied to the coal. The sweep gas is then removed from the chamber and treated to remove condensable components of the coal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: C20 Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Franklin G. Rinker
  • Publication number: 20130232851
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and an apparatus for purifying tall oil material for the production of biofuels and components thereof. The present invention relates further to hydroprocessing of the purified material to obtain biofuels and components thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2011
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jaakko Nousiainen, Heli Laumola, Arto Rissanen, Jari Kotoneva, Matti Ristolainen
  • Publication number: 20130199917
    Abstract: A waste resource treatment method and device, including a pyrolysis desorption treatment elements having one or more pyrolysis desorption chambers connected in parallel. Sub-temperature fractionation treatment elements having a low-temperature fractionating pipe, and a plurality of higher-temperature or high-temperature fractionating pipes for fractionating a gas at different temperature ranges are connected to the pyrolysis desorption chambers, respectively. The fractionating pipes are connected to sub-temperature resource recycling treatment elements for treating the gas at different temperature ranges, respectively. The sub-temperature resource recycling treatment elements are connected to a refrigeration-liquefaction treatment elements and to an adsorption exhaust treatment elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventors: Chuang Jung, Chun-Pao Kuo
  • Patent number: 8496805
    Abstract: Petroleum cokes derived from extra-heavy crude sources can be made more amenable to quenching by adding water or a water/light oil mixture to the coker feed downstream of the furnace. The coke product resulting from this addition of normally volatile liquids to the hot coker feed is still relatively dense but is more friable and usually is in a compact, relatively free-flowing, granular form. The coke is more amenable to uniform quenching in the drum and so can be cut and discharged with a reduced risk of eruptions and a reduced risk of fires in the coke pit or when the coke is subsequently handled and transported.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Craig Y. Sabottke, Fritz A. Bernatz, Eric W. Fryatt, Christopher P. Eppig, Jordan K. Lambert
  • Patent number: 8466332
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for the continuous microwave depolymerization of high molecular weight organic feedstock material, such as waste plastics and includes intermittent or continuous feeding of the processing material on the surface or into the bulk of the sensitized hot bed located under microwave irradiation. As a result of the interaction of electromagnetic field with processed materials, sensitizer is heated by microwave energy and feedstock material undergoes the depolymerization reactions. The reaction zone can be localized on the surface of the hot bed or distributed in the bulk of the reaction mass depending on the agitation conditions of the reaction mass, such as stirring, or other agitation means, for example by recirculated gas. Products of the reactions are vaporized and transported to the collection system, which may include a combination of a scrubber, a condenser and a settler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Climax Global Energy
    Inventors: John Hemmings, Thomas Pinto, Viktor Sharivker
  • Patent number: 8425731
    Abstract: A carbonization process of rubber products, such as shredded waste tires, in a sealed carbonizing vessel whose operating pressure is below atmospheric pressure and under controlled high temperature environment while continuously being moved in a defined path at a controlled speed thus enabling the shredded tires to be fed constantly into the vessel while the by-products of the carbonization process are continually discharged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Pyrotech SDN. BHD.
    Inventors: Mazlan Ali, Siti Fatimah Mohd Shariff, Christopher John Webb
  • Patent number: 8419901
    Abstract: A reactor is provided for converting organic material to charcoal, with the reactor having a furnace and a retort extending through the furnace. The retort has an auger extending therethrough, with the auger having a flight with gaps therein. Members project inwardly from the walls of the retort at the gaps in the flight to unplug blockages in the retort. A gas collection system is provided which has a branched portion having two or more venting tubes, each with valves so that each may be shut off independently to allow to off-line cleaning without requiring shutdown of the system. A method for converting organic material may be practised by introducing combustible materials into the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: 0752831 B.C. Ltd.
    Inventor: John Flottvik
  • Patent number: 8404909
    Abstract: A method of biomass pyrolysis is described which includes chemical looping of combustion char so that carbon dioxide can be captured from the combustion of the char as well as producing useable compounds from pyrolyzing biomass in a pyrolysis reactor including a metal oxide carrier particles which is in operative cooperation with a char combustor and oxidation reactor and separator for separating carbon dioxide from the flue gas produced by the char combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Raja A Jadhav
  • Patent number: 8394240
    Abstract: A process for treating bituminous coal includes providing dried, pulverized coal, and treating the pulverized coal in a vessel with a gas stream having an oxygen content sufficient to form oxides on surface of coal particles. The treated coal is transferred into a pyrolyzing chamber and passed into contact with an oxygen deficient sweep gas, the sweep gas being at a higher temperature than the temperature of the coal so that heat is supplied to the coal. The process further includes providing additional heat to the coal indirectly by heating the chamber, wherein the heating of coal by the sweep gas and by the indirect heating from the chamber causes condensable volatile components to be released into the sweep gas. Some of the oxides are converted into paramagnetic mineral components, which are removed from coal to form a coal char having reduced ash and sulfur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: C2O Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Franklin G. Rinker
  • Patent number: 8378161
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for the continuous microwave depolymerization of high molecular weight organic feedstock material, such as waste plastics and includes intermittent or continuous feeding of the processing material on the surface or into the bulk of the sensitized hot bed located under microwave irradiation. As a result of the interaction of electromagnetic field with processed materials, sensitizer is heated by microwave energy and feedstock material undergoes the depolymerization reactions. The reaction zone can be localized on the surface of the hot bed or distributed in the bulk of the reaction mass depending on the agitation conditions of the reaction mass, such as stirring, or other agitation means, for example by re-circulated gas. Products of the reactions are vaporized and transported to the collection system, which may include a combination of a scrubber, a condenser and a settler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Climax Global Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: John Hemmings, Thomas Pinto, Viktor Sharivker
  • Patent number: 8366882
    Abstract: A process for treating agglomerating coal includes providing dried, pulverized, agglomerating coal, and treating the coal in a vessel with a gas stream having an oxygen content sufficient to form at least some oxides on surface of coal particles, wherein the oxides are sufficient to convert coal into substantially non-agglomerating coal. The treated coal is transferred into a pyrolyzing chamber and passed into contact with an oxygen deficient sweep gas, the sweep gas being at a higher temperature than the temperature of the coal so that heat is supplied to the coal. The process further includes providing additional heat to coal indirectly by heating the chamber, wherein the heating of coal by the sweep gas and by the indirect heating from the chamber causes condensable volatile components to be released into the sweep gas. The sweep gas is removed from the chamber and treated to remove condensable components of coal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: C20 Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Franklin G. Rinker
  • Publication number: 20130020188
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing biofuel from biomass material, comprising the steps of (a) pyrolysing a first fraction of the biomass material having a pyrolysis temperature that is lower relative to the pyrolysis temperature of a second fraction of the biomass material to thereby produce a primary volatile fraction, and (b) separating the primary volatile fraction from the biomass material before pyrolysing the second fraction, to thereby produce biofuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2011
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: PETROLIAM NASIONAL BERHAD (PETRONAS)
    Inventors: Hisam Mohamed Wahab Mohamad, Freddy Wee Teck Teo, Mohammad Ghadaffi Bin Mohd Noh
  • Patent number: 8323589
    Abstract: A pyrolysis process is provided. The process includes the steps of: depositing a quantity of waste into a porous container, the porous container adapted to allow a convective stream of substantially anaerobic gas to flow therethrough; inserting the porous container into a pyrolysis thermal processor; sealing the thermal processor; circulating the convective stream of gas through the pyrolysis thermal processor; heating the waste according to a first time-temperature profile to pyrolyze the waste and form a carbonaceous char; and cooling the carbonaceous char by circulating the convective stream of gas through a cooler. An oil product and a gaseous hydrocarbon product are produced during the pyrolysis. The carbonaceous char is further processed to form a carbon black product and a recyclable metal product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Tellus Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth Wesley Hamby, James Brian Kelly, Timothy Joseph Kuhn
  • Patent number: 8323481
    Abstract: A method of sequestering carbon dioxide emissions during recovery of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbonaceous materials can include forming a constructed permeability control infrastructure. This constructed infrastructure defines a substantially encapsulated volume. A comminuted hydrocarbonaceous material can be introduced into the control infrastructure to form a permeable body of hydrocarbonaceous material. The permeable body can be heated sufficient to remove hydrocarbons therefrom. During heating, the hydrocarbonaceous material is substantially stationary as the constructed infrastructure is a fixed structure. Additionally, during heating, any carbon dioxide that is produced can be sequestered. Removed hydrocarbons can be collected for further processing, use in the process, and/or use as recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Red Leaf Resources, Inc.
    Inventors: Todd Dana, James W. Patten
  • Patent number: 8318997
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus and material are disclosed for generating renewable energy from biomass waste while sequestering carbon. In one aspect, a method performed by a reactor to dissociate raw biomass waste into a renewable source energy or a carbon byproduct or both includes receiving the raw biomass waste that includes carbon, hydrogen and oxygen to be dissociated under an anaerobic reaction. Waste heat is recovered from an external heat source to heat the received raw biomass waste. The heated raw biomass waste is dissociated to produce the renewable fuel, carbon byproduct or both. The dissociating includes compacting the heated raw biomass waste, generating heat from an internal heat source, and applying the generated heat to the compacted biomass waste under pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20120125757
    Abstract: The present invention provides a pyrolysis system comprising an entrained flow pyrolyser having an opening through which biomass can be added. The pyrolyser also has an inlet for hot exhaust gas, an outlet for pyrolysed biomass and an outlet for syngas. The system has a burner for producing hot exhaust gas and a conduit between the burner and the hot exhaust gas inlet. A syngas extraction means for extracting syngas from the pyrolyser. The syngas extraction means extracts syngas from the pyrolyser at a rate such that the internal pressure within the pyrolyser never exceeds the pressure external to the pyrolyser.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Applicant: PROCESS LIMITED
    Inventor: Robert D. Eden
  • Patent number: 8137508
    Abstract: A pyrolysis process and reactor converts various hydrocarbons such as waste materials, for example, scrap polymers, tires, etc., into various chemical components or amounts thereof, not otherwise produced by conventional pyrolytic processes. A large reactor size is utilized in association with a low heat input per unit weight of charge. A thick pyrolyzate/“char” layer is formed during pyrolysis. The product or various components thereof can be utilized as a fuel or octane additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Charlie Holding Intellectual Property, Inc.
    Inventor: Charles W. Grispin
  • Publication number: 20110259726
    Abstract: The subject of the invention is apparatus and method for thermolysis of waste plastics especially polyolefins where reaction feedstock, reaction residuals and reaction products are removed continuously. Apparatus for thermolysis of waste plastics especially polyolefins includes plastic feeding system, pyrolysis reactor, discharge system according to the invention characterized in that after the plastic feeding system (1) the extruder (2) and pyrolysis reactor (3) which height is at least 1.5 time bigger than its diameter are situated. Pyrolysis reactor is equipped with dual high speed propeller (7). Method for thermolysis of plastic waste especially polyolefins thermolysis in the presence of inert gas according to the claim characterized in that plastic waste are continuously fed to the extruder where plasticized at 180° C. to the temperature of the reactor later are fed to the pyrolysis reactor where at 350° C.-450° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Inventors: Andrzej Podeszfa, Bartlomiej Karbowy, Bartlomiej Samardakiewicz
  • Patent number: 7959765
    Abstract: Methods for the thermolysis of lignocellulosic materials, such as wood, cellulose, lignin, and lignocellulose are provided. Some methods comprise combining the lignocellulosic material with an ionic liquid and subjecting the mixture of the lignocellulosic material and the ionic media to thermolysis conditions to form a recoverable product, such as a commodity chemical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: North Carolina State Universtiy
    Inventor: Dimitris Argyropoulos
  • Patent number: 7918973
    Abstract: A process for treating solid organic materials, especially for recycling treated wood, uses energy provided by hot gases at the bottom of a reactor column to perform a distillation operation which ensures splitting of organic bonds in the material and uses, as the distillation operation progresses, constant control between a first temperature of the hot gases before they are introduced into the lower part of the reactor column and a second temperature of a layer of the material located in an area immediately above the grid of the reactor column. When the first temperature and the second temperature are identical or virtually identical, corresponding to removal of all the organic bonds of the material by evaporation and transport by the hot gases from the bottom to the top of the column, the layer of material at the second temperature is removed in order to collect a material that largely consists of carbon and constitutes a secondary raw material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: Thermya
    Inventor: Jean-Sebastien Hery
  • Publication number: 20110048918
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for pyrolysing a solid organic feed material are disclosed. Solid organic material is moved through a reaction chamber and exposed to a temperature profile within the chamber that dries and pyrolyses the organic material and releases water vapour and a volatile products gas phase. The water vapour phase and the volatile products gas phase are moved counter-current to the solid organic material so that the water vapour phase and condensable components of the volatile products gas phase condense in cooler upstream sections of the chamber and form a liquid water product and a separate liquid oil product. The liquid water product is discharged via an outlet along the length of the chamber and a dried and pyrolysed solid product is discharged from a downstream outlet in the chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2009
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Applicant: The Crucible Group Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Lazar Strezov, Steven Robert Osborn, Joseph George Herbertson, Gary Kenneth Ellem
  • Patent number: 7883605
    Abstract: Various embodiments of a process for pyrolyzing hydrocarbonaceous material are provided. In one embodiment the process for pyrolyzing hydrocarbonaceous material includes charging a reactor with a feed material comprising hydrocarbonaceous material, heating the feed material, and collecting liquid product from the reactor which is anaerobic in operation. At least 5% of the organic carbon atoms which are not present in an aromatic ring of a compound of the feed material are present in an aromatic ring of a compound in a liquid portion of the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Charlie Holding Intellectual Property Inc.
    Inventor: Charles W. Grispin
  • Publication number: 20100294642
    Abstract: The production of feed for an olefin hydration zone is improved by integrating treatment of an alcohol containing stream from a fermentation zone into an alcohol separation section. The process passes a stream comprising alcohol, water and an organic acid to a separation column. The separation column concetrates the alcohol and organic acids into an upper column fraction. An additive for neutralization the organic acid into contact with said upper column fraction and reacts with the organic acid to produce a neutralization product that passes to a lower portion of the separation column. The column provides an overhead stream for an olefin dehydration zone having an increased concentration of alcohol and a reduced concentration of organic acid. A column bottoms stream containing the neutralization product returns as an input stream to supply the neutralization product to a fermentation zone that produces the alcohol containing stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2009
    Publication date: November 25, 2010
    Inventors: Rathin Datta, Richard E. Tobey, Rahul Basu
  • Patent number: 7799960
    Abstract: In a method and apparatus for thermal processing of slurry, the slurry is combined with a bio-mass to produce a mixture which is then subjected to a cracking temperature in a receiving tank, thereby liquefying and allowing the mixture to catalytically undergo a cracking reaction. The cracking reaction which the liquefied mixture undergoes is continued in a mixer pump to thereby produce a reaction mixture. The reaction mixture is outgased in an intermediate tank to separate an outgased fraction from a non-outgased fraction. Subsequently, the outgased fraction is allowed to cool down, thereby producing fuel, while the non-outgased fraction is returned to the receiving tank and subjected again to the cracking temperature. Residual matter of the non-outgased fraction settles in the intermediate tank and is periodically removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Inventor: Jürgen Buchert
  • Publication number: 20100200387
    Abstract: A method of recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbonaceous materials can include forming a constructed permeability control infrastructure. This constructed infrastructure defines a substantially encapsulated volume. A mined hydrocarbonaceous material can be introduced into the control infrastructure to form a permeable body of hydrocarbonaceous material. The permeable body can be heated sufficient to remove hydrocarbons therefrom. Hydrocarbon products can be collected from intermediate locations within the permeable body. Advantageously, an intermediate fluid collection system can be used to draw a hydrocarbon product from the permeable body at preselected locations. Such intermediate collection can provide hydrocarbon product fractions which can reduce or eliminate the need for full-scale distillation of a hydrocarbon product having a full range of products such as that typically found in crude oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Publication date: August 12, 2010
    Inventors: Todd Dana, James W. Patten
  • Patent number: 7736469
    Abstract: A process for converting animal fats and/or other feedstocks into gas oil fuel including the steps of introducing material including the animal fats into a still pot in the form of liquor, extracting a volume of material from the still pot, heating the extracted material to a cracking temperature, reintroducing the extracted material back into the still pot, separating the lighter molecular weight compounds from the cracked material into a small fraction of volatile light ends and a second mixture of gas oil fuel in a distillation column collecting the second mixture of gas oil fuel by means of a condenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Inventor: John Taylor
  • Patent number: 7718038
    Abstract: A retort heating method for processing a feed material includes a heating chamber bound at least in part by said wall. A plurality of baffles are at least partially disposed with the heating chamber. Each baffle includes an elongated body having a top surface, at least a portion of the top surface being arched. The plurality of baffles are vertically and horizontally spaced apart so that substantially all of the feed material that vertically passes through the heating chamber is horizontally displaced as the feed material passes by the baffles. The method for oil shale processing within the retort chamber includes for heating the feed material within the heating chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: Ambre Energy Technology, LLC
    Inventors: Byron G. Merrell, Michael R. Keller, Roger K. Noble
  • Patent number: 7714178
    Abstract: A method of producing high value products: kerosene including cosmetic kerosene, white oils, high value paraffin and purified liquid fuels, from polyolefin waste material and polyolefins, comprising (a) thermally or catalytically decomposing polyolefin waste material or polyolefins to yield vapor products; (b) condensing vapor products of thermal or catalytic decomposition of polyolefin waste material or polyolefins, to yield a first mixture; (c) catalytically hydrogenating said first mixture to reduce olefinic double bonds and acetylenic triple bonds to yield a second mixture; and (d) fractionally distilling said second mixture to yield one or more of the following: a kerosene fraction having a boiling range below 180° C., a cosmetic kerosene fraction having a boiling range of between 180 and 275° C., a white oil fraction having a boiling range of between 270 and 400° C., or a paraffin fraction having a boiling range above 400° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: Clariter Poland SP. Z O.O.
    Inventors: Andrzej Bylicki, Edwin Kozlowski
  • Patent number: 7642394
    Abstract: Systems and methods for recycling waste and reclaiming beneficial and useful compositions such as organic solvents comprises a shredder, operating in an inerted or anaerobic atmosphere, which shreds the waste into smaller pieces that are fed into and indirectly heated in an anaerobic desorption unit so as to vaporize at least one organic compound associated with the waste. A vacuum means is used to transfer the organic compound vapors from the desorption unit to a water quench condensing unit that operates to produce a mixed organic compound liquid stream. The liquid organic compound and water stream is then processed in an oil and water separator. The water is separated and can be reused in the system for quenching gas vapors or inerting the desorption unit. The water-free mixed organic compound liquid stream is then fed into a multi-stage packed distillation column separating organic compound according to boiling points to produce products such as organic solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2010
    Assignee: Pollution Control Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth E. Carle, Kevin P. Prunsky
  • Patent number: 7628892
    Abstract: A system and process for the production of combustible substances by means of depolymerisation of rubber products, comprising a depressurized depolymerising device (1), inside which it takes place the depolymerisation of a predetermined quantity of products introduced at its inner, characterized in that it comprises a divider or phases separator (2) disposed downstream said depolymerising device (1), which consists of a substantially cylindrical body, with an upper base (20) and a lower base (21), and is connected with the depolymerising device (1) by means of a pipe (3): said phases separator (2) being apt to carry out the separation of at least a part of the liquid phase of the products exiting the depolymerising device (1), and having an outlet (23) for the thus separated liquid phase and an outlet (24) for the remaining part of the products in mostly gaseous phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignees: Pernilla Finanziaria S.A., Romana Maceri Centro Italia S.r.l.
    Inventor: Franco Fini
  • Publication number: 20090173615
    Abstract: Processes and apparatuses for separating diisopropylbenzene (DIPB) and triisopropylbenzene (TIPB) from a feed comprising DIPB, TIBP, and polyalkylate heavies are disclosed. The disclosed processes include introducing the feed into a distillation column having a column top pressure of less than 5 psia, a column bottoms pressure of less than 3 psi, and preferably 2 psi or less above the column top pressure with a bottoms temperature ranging from about 435° F. to about 465° F. The processes also include taking off a side draw comprising at least 99.8 wt % of the DIPB and at least 50 wt % of the IIPB present in the feed and a bottoms stream comprising at least 95 wt % of the heavies contained in the distillation feed. The low temperature bottoms temperature enables high pressure steam to be used as the bottoms reboiler heat source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2008
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Michael R. Smith
  • Patent number: 7481908
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system and a process for obtaining phenanthrene of about 95% purity from coal tar distilled fraction containing crude phenanthrene by performing fractional distillation at a reduced pressure of 50 mm mercury and at a temperature range of 160-180° C. to obtain first distilled fraction containing acenaphthene and fluorene; a second distillate fraction at a temperature range of 200-230° C. containing phenanthrene, anthracene and traces of carbazole; followed by re-distilling the second distillate fraction at a temperature range of 210-224° C. to finally obtain pure phenanthrene and a residue which is again used for the recovery of residual phenanthrene by re-distillation at a temperature range of 210-224° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventors: Kaushal Kishore Tiwari, Sukuru Ramakrishna Rao, Sanjay Kumar Thakur, Somnath Banerji
  • Patent number: 7264694
    Abstract: A retort heating apparatus for processing a feed material includes a heating chamber bounded at least in part by a side wall. A plurality of baffles are at least partially disposed within the heating chamber. Each baffle includes an elongated body having a top surface, at least a portion of the top surface being arched. The plurality of baffles are vertically and horizontally spaced apart so that substantially all of the feed material that vertically passes through the heating chamber is horizontally displaced as the feed material passes by the baffles. Systems are also provided for heating the feed material within the heating chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: Oil-Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Byron G. Merrell, Michael R. Keller, Roger K. Noble