Abstract: Haloamine biocides are prepared via multi-step processes in an integrated apparatus comprising an electrochemical cell and a mixing chamber, wherein active halogen donor species are electrochemically generated and subsequently reacted with amine-containing compositions to form haloamine biocide. Haloamine biocides prepared according to such processes are used to treat liquids in order to inhibit, reduce, and/or control microorganism growth therein.
January 25, 2007
Date of Patent:
June 10, 2014
David E. Sharoyan, Huai N. Cheng, Michael J. Mayer, Freddie L. Singleton
Abstract: The present disclosure relates to systems, methods, and apparatus for extracting molten liquid from an electrolysis cell. In one embodiment, a system includes a container and an electrical characteristic detector. The container comprises a body adapted to contain molten liquid and a spout. The spout includes a base portion, a tip portion and a passageway connecting the base portion to the tip portion. The electrical characteristic detector is coupled to the container and is configured to determine an electrical characteristic associated with the molten liquid as the molten liquid passes into the body of the container via the passageway. A process parameter associated with the removal of the molten liquid from the container may be changed when it is determined that an electrical characteristic associated with the molten liquid has achieved a predetermined threshold.
Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for current control in gas generators capable of generating a fluorine or fluoride gas by and in which the electrolysis can be maintained in an optimum condition, stable operation is possible and no manpower is demanded. According to the method of current control in gas generators for generating a fluorine or fluoride gas by electrolysis of an electrolytic bath 5 comprising a hydrogen fluoride-containing mixed molten salt using a carbon electrode as the anode 4a, the range of voltage fluctuation between the cathode 4b and anode 4a as occurring when a certain current is applied to the gas generator is measured, and current application is continued while varying the current amount to be applied according to the voltage fluctuation range.