Gas Removed From Closed Tank Patents (Class 210/218)
  • Patent number: 9005443
    Abstract: An anaerobic digestion device includes a digester body configured to receive organic waste and a plurality of plates coupled to one another so as to divide an interior volume of the digester body into a plurality of compartmentalized chambers. The compartmentalized chambers are movable relative to the digester body to advance a slurry of said organic waste along a length of the digester body. A plurality of ports spaced along the digester body and arranged to vent biogas from the digester body. A storage vessel is configured to receive and store biogas received from the digester body via the ports, and a heating system configured to heat the digester body. The heating system is fuelled by the biogas vented from the digester body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventors: Ronald E. Arnoldsen, Jr., Debra A. Arnoldsen
  • Patent number: 8999046
    Abstract: A cell expansion system includes an air removal chamber to provide a bubble trap so that air and/or gas bubbles do not enter the bioreactor of the cell expansion system. The air removal chamber includes a pair of ports situated at the bottom of the air removal chamber. An entrance port allows fluid to enter the air removal chamber, and an exit port allows fluid to exit the air removal chamber. In one embodiment the air removal chamber forms an element of a premounted fluid conveyance assembly for use with a cell expansion machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Terumo BCT, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas G. DiLorenzo, Edward Allan Stanton
  • Publication number: 20150021278
    Abstract: An apparatus for continuous hydrolysis of sludge comprising material of biological origin, such as organic material, the apparatus comprising a reactor with: an inlet for feeding sludge into the reactor in a feeding zone thereof, an inlet for feeding steam into the reactor in a steam feeding zone thereof, an outlet for allowing processed sludge to exit the reactor, wherein at least a part of the reactor forms a first ascending zone in which the sludge during use flows in an upwards direction, and a first descending zone in which the sludge during use flows in a downwards direction. A first gas collecting zone is defined in the transition between the first ascending zone and the first descending zone, and a first gas outlet is arranged to allow a part of the gas collected in the first gas collecting zone to be removed, while a part of the gas remains in the gas collecting zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
    Inventor: Soren Johannes Hojsgaard
  • Patent number: 8906230
    Abstract: An integrated unit operations for the treatment of a waste stream, such as spent caustic, is provided in a single vertical vessel having at least three separate zones: a mixing, a settling, and a mass transfer zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Merichem Company
    Inventors: Tom Varadi, Marie-Cecile Medine, Arturo Ramon Puigbo, Ramiro G. Vazquez, Tiejun Zhang, James F. McGehee
  • Patent number: 8728310
    Abstract: A system and method for processing impure water is achieved by using ozone for the separation and removal of certain contaminants and for further purification of the water. According to one embodiment, a gas comprised of ozone and air is injected into the impure water. The gas is converted to bubbles which are used as a flotation reagent while the ozone portion of the gas provides for the disinfection and deodorization of the liquid. The impure water is constantly supplied into an upper portion of a working volume or column of fluid contained within a processing unit. At the same time the gas is supplied into the bottom part of the same fluid column through one or more diffusers. Due to their porosity the diffusers generate the bubbles of this ozone-based gas so that each bubble has a predetermined size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: RR Fish SIA
    Inventor: Andrei Tjutjunnik
  • Publication number: 20140110319
    Abstract: An apparatus for performing haemodialysis on a patient comprises: first blood transfer means (3) for selectively withdrawing blood from a patient and storing it in a first storage portion (5); second blood transfer means (11) for removing filtered blood from a filtration device (7) and storing it in a second storage portion (13); and a fluid measurement system (51a, 51b) for periodically measuring the respective volumes of blood in the first and second storage portions; adding the volume of blood in the first storage portion to the volume of blood in the second storage portion at that time in order to calculate the total volume of blood within the first and second storage portions at that time; and comparing the total measured volumes of blood within the first and second storage portions measured over a predetermined time interval to calculate the volume of fluid removed from the blood during that predetermined time interval.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Inventors: Malcolm Coulthard, Michael Whitaker, Clive Griffiths, Michael Drinnan
  • Patent number: 8691097
    Abstract: The system and method is directed to improved separation or clarification of solids from a solids-laden liquid and removal of entrained gasses. A liquid to be treated is introduced into the inlet of a solid-liquid separator modified to include one or more sources of vibrational energy. The liquid is directed through a conduit within the separator. This conduit can be configured into a tortuous flow path to assist in the separation of solids from the liquid. Vibrational energy is applied to the flow path, preferably through the flow path conduit. As solids fall out of solution, they are collected. The clarified liquid is also collected. A vacuum can be applied to the system to assist in moving the solid-liquid mixture through the system and to provide vacuum clarification. Electrocoagulation electrodes and gas sparging can also be employed along with height adjustable weirs and an oil accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: 1612017 Alberta Ltd.
    Inventor: Derald L. McCabe
  • Patent number: 8557112
    Abstract: A fine bubble diffusing tube that can generate fine bubbles evenly and uniformly even when the diffusing tube has a long length, a fine bubble diffusing device using such a tube and a submerged membrane separation apparatus are produced. The fine bubble diffusing tube is provided with a cylindrical supporting tube 1, and an elastic sheet 2 with fine slits formed therein, with the elastic sheet 2 being placed to cover the outer circumference of the supporting tube 1, so that, upon supplying a gas to a space between the elastic sheet 2 and the supporting tube 1, the fine slits of the elastic sheet 2 are opened to generate fine bubbles, and the supporting tube 1 has a length L of 1000 mm or more in the longitudinal direction, with gas supply units 4 serving as gas flow inlets being attached to the two ends of the supporting tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroo Takabatake, Yuji Tanaka, Kazuya Sugita, Atsushi Kitanaka
  • Patent number: 8512557
    Abstract: Provided is a radon reduction apparatus for groundwater disinfection. The radon reduction apparatus includes an agitation space forming body that groundwater fed through a groundwater feed pipe passes through before inflow into the groundwater storage tank and that forms a water turbine installation space whose top portion is not filled with groundwater; a water turbine located in the water turbine installation space to be rotated by groundwater when the fed groundwater falls, is run against the bottom and scattered; an oxygen supply unit supplying oxygen to groundwater before inflow of the groundwater to the agitation space forming body; a ventilating fan rotated by receiving rotary power of the water turbine and connected to the water turbine installation space to discharge air of the water turbine installation space; and an antiseptic solution supply unit supplying antiseptic solution to be mixed with the groundwater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources(KIGAM)
    Inventors: Kil Yong Lee, Kyung Seok Ko, Yoon Yeol Yoon
  • Patent number: 8506810
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus for low-emission storage of biodegradable materials by means of aeration, without aerobic conditions materializing in the material, permits a more consistent feed of the downstream stages in the process. Aeration inhibits methanogenesis and the risk potential of an explosive gas mixture forming in the storage vessel or in the components of the system exhausting waste gas. Closed loop control of the aeration adapts the rate of aeration to the biological activity in the stored material and minimizes air input so as to minimize the loss of methanogenesis potential by aerobic conversion of the matter whilst minimizing the energy required for aeration. The process is characterized in that controlling the aeration in the storage vessel inhibits relevant methanogenesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: BTA International GmbH
    Inventors: Hans Kuebler, Roland Carra, Margarita Nimmrichter
  • Patent number: 8470170
    Abstract: The invention is an apparatus and method for treating fluid in a pool, spa, or water tank, etc., using ozone and treated air. A fluid filter is placed in an auxiliary reservoir or a smaller fluid tank located in or next to the pool, spa, or main water tank. An ozone generator pumps a combination of ozone and air into the smaller fluid tank. Fluid in the smaller fluid tank passes through a filter and back into the main reservoir without the use of any fluid pump. More specifically, a vertical lift tube is placed beneath the smaller fluid tank so that the open top of the lift tube is within the smaller fluid tank. Fluid from the main reservoir is piped to the bottom of the lift tube. Ozone and air from the ozone generator is also piped into the lift tube near its bottom. The fluid flows through the filter due to the effect of ozone and air bubbles released by a diffuser at the bottom of the lift tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Inventor: Charles E. C. Harris
  • Patent number: 8425768
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed towards systems and methods for the treatment of wastewater. A system in accordance with one particular embodiment may include an oxidation reactor configured to receive a flow of wastewater from a wastewater producing process. The oxidation reactor may be further configured to oxidize a chemical associated with the flow of wastewater with an oxidation agent. The oxidation reactor may include at least one reaction member configured to pressurize at least a portion of the oxidation reactor. The system may further include at least one resin tank configured to contain an ion exchange resin configured to target a particular metal, the at least one resin tank configured to receive an output from the oxidation reactor. Numerous other embodiments are also within the scope of the present disclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Hydroionic Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Rainer Bauder, Richard Hsu Yeh
  • Patent number: 8382075
    Abstract: An air stripper in the form of an submerged gas evaporator or a submerged gas reactor that includes a vessel, a gas delivery tube partially disposed within the vessel to deliver a gas into the vessel and a contaminated liquid inlet that provides a contaminated liquid to the vessel at a rate sufficient to maintain a controlled constant level of process fluid within the vessel. A weir is disposed within the vessel adjacent the gas delivery tube to form a first fluid circulation path between a first weir end and a wall of the vessel and a second fluid circulation path between a second weir end and an upper end of the vessel. During operation, gas introduced through the tube mixes with the process fluid and the combined gas and fluid flow at a high rate with a high degree of turbulence along the first and second circulation paths defined around the weir, thereby promoting vigorous mixing and intimate contact between the gas and the process fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Heartland Technology Partners, LLC
    Inventors: Bernard F. Duesel, Jr., Michael J. Rutsch
  • Publication number: 20130015133
    Abstract: The system and method reduces volatile organic compound concentration in a water distribution system using pressurized diffused aeration. The system and method is used in-line in a water distribution system. The system and method can be used at the ends of the distribution system where volatile organic compounds, including trihalomethanes, are more likely to persist. The system and method of pressurized, diffused aeration reduces volatile organic compounds from groundwater remediation systems as well.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Inventors: Ethan Brooke, Michael Robin Collins, John Michael Zwerneman
  • Publication number: 20120273405
    Abstract: An integrated unit operations for the treatment of a waste stream, such as spent caustic, is provided in a single vertical vessel having at least three separate zones: a mixing, a settling, and a mass transfer zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Inventors: Tom Varadi, Marie-Cecile Medine, Arturo Ramon Puigbo
  • Patent number: 8298429
    Abstract: An integrated unit operations for the treatment of a waste stream, such as spent caustic, is provided in a single vertical vessel having at least three separate zones: a mixing, a settling, and a mass transfer zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Merichem Company
    Inventors: Tom Varadi, Marie-Cecile Medine, Arturo Ramon Puigbo, Ramiro G. Vazquez
  • Patent number: 8273165
    Abstract: A total water desalination system is disclosed that includes a centrifugal separator, a feed-water device controlled by a relative humidity sensor, an air pump, an evaporator core, an air dryer, a non-particulate coalescent air filter, and an air flow/brine gravity separating tank. The evaporator core typically contains multiple conical processing chambers and introduces a physical dynamic that increases the surface area of the water, using low-level thermal energy to vaporize micron-size water particles into a gaseous state, suitable for reconstitution into desalinated (or lower salt content) water. The evaporator core operation principles are based on creating a highly dynamic environment that separates impurities from sea, brackish, river, or turbid water; evaporating the water into a residual clean vapor, and returning the vapor to water composition with high efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Micronic Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Kelly P. Rock
  • Publication number: 20120168386
    Abstract: A system for filtering organic molecules from an electrolyte solution, including a feed inlet line adapted to carry a solution with organic molecules, a filter vessel secured to the inlet line, and a pump adapted to introduce dissolved air into the solution in the feed inlet line. The filter vessel is a solvent extraction filter having coalescing media above a solution outlet at the bottom of the vessel and an organic vent outlet at the top of the vessel. The system operates by (a) dissolving air into the solution, (b) inputting the solution with dissolved air into the filter vessel, (c) outletting solution from the bottom vessel outlet to flow solution down through coalescing media, and (d) periodically venting floating organic molecules from the top of the vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Inventor: Robert G. Crowell
  • Patent number: 8157993
    Abstract: In a wastewater treatment plant using methane gas, a by-product of anaerobic sludge digestion, to generate energy in a combustor to run the plant, a system for collecting the gas stream from the plant biological process and feeding the gas stream, containing nitrous oxide emissions, into the combustor. The nitrous oxide is thermally reduced down to nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Inventor: Philip B. Pedros
  • Publication number: 20120039792
    Abstract: Described is a method of water treatment including the steps of: a) Stripping water or dissolved gas by an inert gas b) Subjecting water to oxidation treatment to precipitate metals; and c) Removing precipitates from water. Oxidation treatment is a multi-stage oxidation treatment including the stages of: (1) contacting water with oxidant under pressure to precipitate metals from water; and (2) catalytic oxidation of water with oxidant, oxidation being catalysed by a catalyst, such as a zeolite catalyst, in a bed reactor or filter. Inert gas stripping is aimed at preventing growth of iron bacteria in the treatment system. Pressurised oxidation reduces the amount of oxidant injection required for catalytic oxidation. The method is particularly suited to removal of contaminants such as iron, manganese and arsenic from ground water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Inventor: Gheorghe Duta
  • Patent number: 8075766
    Abstract: A water treatment method is provided for helping to partially or completely remove sodium and methane gas from water. In the method, water is combined with a reactant that is formulated to combine with the sodium in the water and form a compound. The water and compound are then passed through a bed of media for helping to separate the compound from the water. The method also includes aerating the water to release gases contained therein by breaking the water into microdroplets by passing it through a screen. Additionally, the method may include a step wherein the water is passed through an acidic resin for facilitating a cation exchange where additional sodium is removed. A water treatment apparatus for performing the method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignees: CST Industries, Inc., Blue Future Filters, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry Stellema, Humphrey Blackburn, Brian Parris, Matthew D. Silvey
  • Publication number: 20110233144
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method and apparatus for improved separation or clarification of solids from a solids-laden liquid. Entrained gasses can also be removed. A liquid to be treated is introduced into the inlet of a solid-liquid separator modified to include one or more sources of vibrational energy. The liquid to be treated is directed through a conduit within the separator. Preferably the conduit within the separator is configured into a tortuous flow path to assist in the separation of solids from the liquid. Vibrational energy is applied to the flow path, preferably through the flow path conduit. As solids fall out of solution, they are collected. The clarified liquid is also collected. A vacuum can be applied to the system to assist in moving the solid-liquid mixture through the system and to provide vacuum clarification. Electrocoagulation electrodes and gas sparging can also be employed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventor: Derald L. McCabe
  • Patent number: 7988864
    Abstract: A process and a device implementing the process, for separating fluids in emulsion and/or in solution, and/or for low pressure distillation, in particular of water and/or gaseous hydrocarbons dissolved in crude petroleum, and/or for separation of crude petroleum droplets emulsified in water, to obtain water with necessary characteristics for its injection without pollution of underground aquifers, and/or when the mixture is dominant in crude petroleum, acceleration of settling of the water in the lower part of the mixture, and/or for low pressure distillation of crude petroleum. The method creates a localized zone of reduced pressure on part of the free surface of a liquid to be processed, within a closed processing tank, without the overall pressure inside the closed processing tank being affected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Partex Services Portugal-Servicos Para A Industria Petrolifera, S.A.
    Inventor: Antonio Jose Silva Valente
  • Publication number: 20100314310
    Abstract: A method of anaerobically digesting organic material, comprising: providing a reaction chamber (12) comprising first and second cells (20,22) linked by a passageway (24) for flow of organic waste slurry from a bottom region of one cell to a bottom region of another cell; placing an organic waste slurry (S) in the reaction chamber (12) to fill at least the bottom region of each cell; displacing organic waste slurry (S) through the passageway (24) from the first cell (20) to the second cell (22) to build a head ?h of organic waste slurry (S) in the second cell (22); and discharging the head ?h of organic waste slurry (S) from the second cell (22) to agitate organic waste slurry in the reaction chamber (12).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2008
    Publication date: December 16, 2010
    Applicant: BIO GROUP LIMITED
    Inventor: John Anderson James Mullet
  • Patent number: 7828962
    Abstract: An integrated unit operations for the treatment of a waste stream, such as spent caustic, is provided in a single vertical vessel having at least three separate zones: a mixing, a settling, and a mass transfer zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: Merichem Company
    Inventors: Tom Varadi, Marie-Cecile Medine, Arturo Ramon Puigbo, Ramiro G. Vazquez
  • Patent number: 7806960
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating a fluid is provided and includes a fluid storage tank for partially containing a fluid and a gas, wherein the fluid storage tank includes a fluid inlet pipe and a fluid outlet pipe. The fluid treatment apparatus also includes a first aeration device, wherein the first aeration device is configured to be in flow communication with the fluid inlet pipe and the fluid portion of the tank cavity. The fluid treatment apparatus further includes a pumping device, wherein the pumping device is configured to cause the fluid portion of the tank cavity to flow through the fluid outlet pipe and a second aeration device, wherein the second aeration device is configured to be in flow communication with the fluid outlet pipe and the fluid portion of the tank cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Inventor: Raymond Leroy Frosti
  • Publication number: 20100200477
    Abstract: An integrated unit operations for the treatment of a waste stream, such as spent caustic, is provided in a single vertical vessel having at least three separate zones: a mixing, a settling, and a mass transfer zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2010
    Publication date: August 12, 2010
    Inventors: Tom Varadi, Marie-Cecile Medine, Arturo Ramon Puigbo, Ramiro G. Vazauez
  • Patent number: 7740752
    Abstract: A system for separating suspended and dissolved materials in a fluid having a pH offset from neutral is disclosed. It employs a plurality of stacked, generally flat treatment beds each having a surface angled downward for receiving the fluid. Since the fluid is spread over a large surface, its velocity slows causing suspended materials to drop out of the fluid as a sludge. A pH correction device may add an agent to the flowing fluid which will bring the pH closer to neutral thereby causing said dissolved materials to precipitate out and into the sludge. Atmospheric oxygen may also be used to effect the precipitation. Portions of the beds may be isolated and the sludge collected resulting in a fluid having substantially less suspended and dissolved materials at a pH and temperature closer to normal. Energy may be produced from the movement of liquid through the system or from the heat energy of the fluid. Magnetics may be utilized to improve the precipitation of solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Inventor: Christopher S. Gillis
  • Patent number: 7708880
    Abstract: A buffer tank section (6) includes a liquid accumulation chamber (61) communicating with, through a liquid introduction flow path (42), a liquid tank (46) accumulation chemical liquid. A filter section (4) includes a filter inlet (41a) and a filter outlet (41b), wherein the filter inlet (41a) communicates with a liquid discharge vent (60d) of the buffer tank section (6). In a pump (11), a pump inlet (11a) is connected to the filter outlet (41b) and a pump outlet (11b) is connected to a discharge nozzle (50) through a liquid discharge flow path (47). A return flow path (48) is connected between the pump outlet (11b) and the buffer tank section (6), wherein the chemical liquid, discharged from the pump (11), is returned to the liquid accumulation chamber (61). An exhaust flow path (49) is connected to the buffer tank section (6), thereby exhausting air in the liquid accumulation chamber (61).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Koganel Corporation
    Inventor: Takeo Yajima
  • Publication number: 20100032370
    Abstract: An apparatus for the anaerobic digestion of solid waste is disclosed. The apparatus includes a pre-digestion treatment chamber and an anaerobic digester chamber coupled to the pre-digestion treatment chamber. A liquid suspension of solid waste is pretreated under aerobic conditions by heating to a desired pre-digestion temperature. One or more chemical or biological additives are added to the suspension of solid waste to improve the anaerobic digestibility of the solid waste. This may include enzymes to destruct poorly digestible solids and/or materials to provide a desired C:N ratio in the solid waste. The apparatus may include mixers, heaters, chemical or biological additives as needed, various sensors and probes, and a control system to monitor and control the anaerobic digestion process and maintain microbial health of the digester.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Applicant: Water Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen D. Allen, Dallas K. Isom
  • Patent number: 7604735
    Abstract: A water sanitizing apparatus is provided wherein a housing is divided into separate narrow compartments through which a flow of water is directed sequentially in upward and downward directions. An ultraviolet ozone generator and pair of electrolysis plates are mounted in one of the narrow compartments, with a salt in the flow of water being electrolyzed to form a sanitizing halogen in the presence of ultraviolet light from the ozone generator. In one embodiment, a bubble separator is used to separate undissolved gasses from the flow of water and re-apply such gasses back to the flow of water upstream from the bubble separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2009
    Inventor: Ronald L. Barnes
  • Patent number: 7597801
    Abstract: A wastewater treatment plant includes a reaction tank connected to an wastewater supply tube and an aeration apparatus to receive wastewater therein, a sludge separation unit dividing an internal space of the reaction tank into upper and lower sections to increase an amount of dissolved oxygen by increasing an contact area of the wastewater and bubbles and to separate relatively light materials by moving low density matters existed on a surface of each section upward in turn, an air exhaust tube mounted on the reaction tank to exhaust bubbles passing through the sludge separation unit out of the reaction tank, a treated water exhaust tube mounted on the reaction tank to exhaust the wastewater that is treated by passing through the sludge separation unit, and a settling tank provided on a bottom of the reaction tank to concentrate and exhaust the settled sludge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: EcoDays Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hong-Bok Choi
  • Patent number: 7445708
    Abstract: A unit for purifying water contaminated by droplets of hydrocarbonaceous liquid has an essentially vertically positioned filter, an inlet chamber for the contaminated water that is partially defined by a first vertical surface of the filter, supply means for contaminated water debouching in the lower portion of the inlet chamber, and outlet means connected to the upper portion of the inlet chamber for discharging hydrocarbonaceous liquid separated from the water in the inlet chamber. The operational period between filter cleaning and/or the hourly capacity of the filter is increased by injecting fine gas bubbles into the contaminated water in least one location selected from locations in the lower portion of the inlet chamber and locations in the supply means to produce a stream of gas bubbles upwards along the first vertical filter surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: M-I Epcon AS
    Inventor: Stein Egil Oserod
  • Publication number: 20080257812
    Abstract: The current invention is referred to a process for biological wastewater treatment. One or more ejectors pump atmospheric oxygen in a bioreactor by aspirating air. The innovative concept of the system relies on the installation of the ejector (s) over and outside of the liquid to be treated at the bioreactor. The operation of the system consists basically in one centrifugal pump per ejector, that pumps the effluent through the ejector, creating with the effluent the liquid motor that aspires air in specific points of the ejector. The ejector (s) are used for bioreactors having a minimum depth of 7.5 m and a draft tube inside. The ejector is characterized by a set of non moving pieces (2), an ejection cup, an aspiration section, a superior conic section of mixing air/liquid, a tubular acceleration section and, an inferior expansion zone. The ejector generates a ratio of aspirated air to motion liquid equal or superior to 2.5 (volume/volume).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2005
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Applicant: Tecnia Processos E Equipmentos Industriais E Ambintais
    Inventor: Antonio Manuel Cardoso Marques Ferreira
  • Publication number: 20080260587
    Abstract: An apparatus for the preparation of hydrocarbons for mass spectrographic analysis by their conversion into carbon dioxide. The apparatus uses an isothermic environment for chromatography in conjunction with separate columns tuned to isolate specific hydrocarbons. The apparatus includes a valve block (2), sample extractor (3), sample injector, carrier gas source (10), gas chromatograph (5), combustion furnace (6), water separator (7) open split (8), mass spectormeter (9), reference gas source (10A), and reference gas injector (11).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2005
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Inventors: Dennis Coleman, Kerry Riley, Dennis Leigh
  • Patent number: 7431833
    Abstract: A vessel is provided for treating flowable materials and methods of use wherein the vessel has a substantially cardioid cross-sectional configuration with a central cusp defining two upper rounded lobes. A front and rear wall enclose the ends of the sidewall with one having an inlet and the other having an outlet, both advantageously situated in different lobes forcing the materials to flow laterally within the vessel as well as longitudinally. A bubbler tube may be provided to longitudinally extend along a lower central portion of the sidewall aiding in the flow of materials within the vessel. Optionally, at least one gas outlet port is in an upper portion of at least one of the upper rounded lobes of the sidewall. Optionally, a flange depends from the sidewall cusp and longitudinally extends the sidewall. A bioremediation process is provided where a plurality of vessels are connected in series where the effluent from one vessel feeds the next vessel in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Inventor: David D. Emmerich
  • Patent number: 7288191
    Abstract: A sludge treatment method allowing an improvement in a phosphorus recovery rate and sludge volume reduction by efficiently eluting phosphorus in the sludge. The sludge treatment method includes: a step of foaming a sludge-containing liquid by blowing an ozone-containing gas into the sludge-containing liquid; and a step of eluting phosphorus in the sludge-containing liquid by bringing sludge adsorbed on bubbles and a sludge-dissolving agent into contact with each other. The sludge treatment method may further include the steps of: separating the phosphorus eluted sludge-containing liquid into a phosphorus eluate and a residual sludge; and precipitating a phosphorus compound by adding a coagulant to the separated phosphorus eluate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2007
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Nozomu Yasunaga, Toshiyuki Kamiya, Naoki Nakatsugawa, Junji Hirotsuji
  • Patent number: 7198715
    Abstract: A device for separating fluid mixtures, in particular for separating water from oil, includes a vacuum container (10) with several sub-chambers (26, 44, 40). At least one liquid constituent of the fluid mixture can be transported from the vacuum container after separation, by a transport device (12). The other constituents can be extracted from the vacuum container (10) in the form of gas and/or steam, using a vacuum pump (20). One of the sub-chambers (26) of the vacuum container (10) houses a heating device (28, 30), which heats the fluid mixture. The fluid mixture is guided into an additional sub-chamber (40), and is separated into its constituents by traversing a packed bed. Even cold and consequently viscous fluid mixtures can be supplied, due to the heating device, for separation inside the aforementioned vacuum container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignee: Hydac Filtertechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Knut Herges, Andreas Busch
  • Patent number: 7186334
    Abstract: Water sanitizing apparatus is provided for pools, spas hot tubs and other similar bathing facilities that integrates an ozone generator and a chlorine generator in one unit, in addition to exposing a flow of water to be purified to ultraviolet radiation from the ozone generator for advanced oxidation reactions. In one embodiment, a mixing venturi allows for mixing various substances together prior to insertion into the motive flow. In another embodiment the venturi is constructed as inserts that allow tuning of the venturi for individual systems. In other embodiments, salt is added to a portion of the water flow as a concentrated brine from which chlorine is generated, or the salt may be simply be added to the water of the facility at a much lower concentration and chlorine generated from the flow of water through the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Inventor: Ronald L. Barnes
  • Patent number: 7156995
    Abstract: Mineral contaminants are removed from water in a system in which water is sprayed into an air head at the top of a tank through a diffuser and withdrawn through a pick-up tube. A solenoid valve operates to allows air from a compressor to flow into the top of the tank through a shuttle valve which is opened by the air pressure. Simultaneously a drain valve connected to the shuttle valve opens a drain, venting water and air from the tank. The shuttle valve, closed by the solenoid valve, closes the air supply line and connecting the shuttle valve to atmosphere, and pressure within the aeration tank can close the shuttle valve, which causes closing of the drain valve. The part of the valve which opens the drain is made responsive to excess pressure within the air tank to open the drain and so acts as a pressure relief valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Assignee: Hellenbrand, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward T. Maas, Alan G. Mast, Daniel A. Klein, Don D. Vaughan, Jerry N. Miller
  • Patent number: 7077208
    Abstract: An apparatus having various conduits moves liquid by passing gas up through it. A collector conduit transports the liquid to the bottom of the unit. A gas-lift conduit mixes the liquid and gas at the bottom and transports the mixture upwards, owing to the rising action of the bubbles and the resulting decreased density of the gas/liquid mixture. At the top of the gas-lift conduit, some of the gas may escape from the liquid and out of the apparatus. The lifted liquid may exit the apparatus at an elevation higher than the entry point of the liquid or may be directed down through a down and out conduit. A one way valve or equivalent configuration may be used to limit flow to one direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Assignee: R3 Pump Technologies
    Inventors: Michael J. Harrington, Jeffery Dean Rabe, David Alan Nickel
  • Patent number: 7022225
    Abstract: An apparatus and system for mixing and separating ozonated water is provided. The apparatus is especially useful as a component of a system for cycling sanitizing ozonated water to a body of water such as a pool, spa or pond. The apparatus generally includes a separating vessel including a mixing tower, preferably located substantially entirely within the separating vessel and including a diffuser element for enhancing mixing of ozonated water without increasing turbulence in the separating vessel. Preferably, the apparatus includes a seal mechanism that substantially prevents liquid water from escaping the separating vessel with vented off-gas. The invention further provides an ozone destruct assembly including a condensate collection portion, and may also include a return line for passing a treated off-gas into the body of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Assignee: Del Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen D. Clawson, Ezra Phillips, Frank Martin
  • Patent number: 6962654
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for supplying dissolved gases (such as oxygen, ozone, chlorine etc.) for chemical and biological processes is described. The methods and apparatus described are particularly suitable for use in the biodegradation of organic matter (such as in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment), and other uses. The apparatus may comprise a dissolved gas supply system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2005
    Assignee: Hydrotreat, Inc.
    Inventor: Johnny Arnaud
  • Patent number: 6905601
    Abstract: Method for anaerobically fermenting biodegradable organic material, whereby this material is mixed with a quantity of already fermented material as an inoculum for the active anaerobic fermentation and this mixture is introduced at the top into a fermentation chamber (1A) in which a fermenting mass is situated, which, while being fermented, moves from an inlet (6A) situated at the top towards an outlet (8) situated at the bottom. Before the mixture is added to the fermenting mass, it is expanded beforehand until its density approximately coincides with the density of the already present fermenting mass at the beginning of this downward movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Organic Waste Systems, Naamloze Vennootschap
    Inventors: Luc Albert Omer Medard De Baere, Piet Lodewijk Magdalena Smis
  • Patent number: 6902668
    Abstract: An chemical dispensing apparatus, which has a dispenser head member and a chemical holding container for holding chemical, the dispenser head member having a flow entry means for directing fluid flow into the chemical holding container and a flow exit means for directing fluid flow out of the chemical holding container, the flow entry means being in fluid connection with a center-mounted, elongated perforated tubular member extending at least partway into the chemical holding container, the chemical holding container having an opening which is releasably engageable with the dispenser head member for refilling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventor: Roger A. Benham
  • Patent number: 6881331
    Abstract: An ozone-based water purification system is disclosed. In this system, a mixing venturi injects ozone and a liquid sanitizer into a stream of water to be treated. Following ozone and sanitizer injection, the stream of water is passed to a contact region where the ozone and sanitizer are allowed to react with contaminants and biota. The stream is then mixed by several mixing devices to allow residual ozone and sanitizer to further react with contaminants and biota. Particularly a counterflow system is employed wherein the stream is directed downward at several points so that bubbles containing ozone are forced to flow upward against the flow, lengthening ozone contact time. Also, the ultraviolet lamp used to generate ozone is mounted so that ultraviolet light therefrom is exposed to the flow water, providing additional sterilizing effects. In addition, a novel mixing venturi is disclosed that mixes a gas containing ozone and a liquid sanitizer into a motive flow of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Inventor: Ronald L. Barnes
  • Patent number: 6881332
    Abstract: In the present invention, solid contents 38, which are collected by a solid-liquid separation device 33 in a solid-liquid separation tank 14 and charged into a decomposing treatment tank 11, are decomposed to water and CO2 by the action of aerobic microbes and the air (oxygen) supplied from a lower aeration tank 12 and substantially disappear. The oil contents contained in the water having been decomposed is removed by an oil-water separation tank 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Earthclean Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Ogawa, Kazuyuki Akiya
  • Patent number: 6875351
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for demulsifying oil in water by dilution and impact, and for separation of the oil and suspended solids by dissolved gas floatation, are described. A produced water treating system is also described. The produced water treating system may include a dissolved gas floatation clarifier system, an oil demulsification system, and a separation system. A demulsification subsystem is also described. The apparatus may include a liquid-liquid fluid mixer and a gas generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: Hydrotreat, Inc.
    Inventor: Johnny Arnaud
  • Patent number: 6866788
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for purifying aqueous effluents, in particular polluted water, by catalytic oxidation using a three-phase reactor comprising two communicating chambers. The invention is characterised in that it consists in: maintaining the catalyst suspended and continuously circulating it between the two chambers of said reactor, by entrainment under the effect of carrier gas injected into one of said chamber, and in oxidizing the pollutants in contact with the in the other chamber, by injecting a reactive oxidizing gas in said other chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Assignee: Ondeo Degremont
    Inventors: Sylvie Baig, Michel Cordier, Alain Truc
  • Patent number: 6866775
    Abstract: An apparatus for treating metal-working fluid comprises: a heating vessel for receiving and holding metal-working fluid for treatment; a heater for heating the metal-working fluid in the heating vessel; an agitator for agitating the metal-working fluid within the heating vessel; an aerator for aerating the metal-working fluid within the heating vessel; and a holding vessel for receiving from the heating vessel and holding treated metal-working fluid. During heating, heated ambient air may be drawn through air inlets and through the fluid agitate and aerate the fluid, thereby ensuring uniform heating and extracting gaseous contaminants. Mist and/or gaseous contaminants may be removed from the airflow prior to its release into the environment. Concentration in the metal-working fluid of at least one metal may be reduced using an using-exchange filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Inventors: Anthony H. Gonzalez, Michael D. Birran, Michel Jammal