With Outlet At Surface, E.g., Froth Flotation, Etc. Patents (Class 210/221.1)
  • Patent number: 10569196
    Abstract: Provided are a method and apparatus for treating a feed stream for a flotation device comprising a mechanical agitator in a tank, the feed stream comprising solid particles. The method comprises generating microbubbles in a diluation water stream, mixing the diluation water stream with the feed stream to facilitate attachment of the microbubbles to the solid particles in the feed stream and generate bubbles for attachment to microbubble-attached solid particles, and fluidly connecting the feed stream to the flotation device. The apparatus comprises a feed stream conduit fluidly connected to the flotation device, a diluation water stream conduit fluidly connected to the feed stream conduit for conveying the diluation water stream to the feed stream, and a microbubble generator connected to the diluation water stream conduit for generating microbubbles in the fluid stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY
    Inventor: Peter Gerard Bourke
  • Patent number: 9384588
    Abstract: Disclosed is a video playing method based on augmented reality technology. In combination with augmented reality technology, a rectangular plane 3D model which completely covers a target picture in a current scene image is drawn, and at the same time, after a video file related to the target picture is separated into an audio stream and a video stream, a video image frame in the video stream is taken as a texture and is mapped to the 3D model frame by frame, and graphic rendering is performed; and finally, a scene image captured by a video camera and the rendered 3D model are fused and output, and the audio stream data is output synchronously. Correspondingly, also disclosed are a video playing system based on augmented reality technology and mobile terminal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Chengdu Idealsee Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yinqiu Liu, Xinyu Li, Haitao Song
  • Patent number: 9023209
    Abstract: A method for removing methane from biogas is described. The method includes: (i) receiving biogas including methane and other components into a first tank; (ii) receiving water into the first tank; (iii) contacting the biogas with the water inside the first tank; (iv) dispensing methane gas from an outlet of the first tank; and (v) producing from the tank an effluent stream that includes other components of the biogas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Silver Fish LLC
    Inventor: Christopher Ott
  • Patent number: 8968580
    Abstract: A pumpbox apparatus includes a reservoir volume having a first inlet for receiving a feedstock stream and a second inlet for receiving a water stream, the reservoir volume being in communication with a discharge outlet disposed to discharge accumulated liquid from the reservoir volume. The reservoir volume is operable to accumulate the feedstock stream and the water stream in the reservoir volume while withdrawing a discharge stream through the discharge outlet to cause a flow of liquid through the pumpbox. The first inlet defines a first flow velocity region between the first inlet and the second inlet and a second flow velocity region between the second inlet and the discharge outlet. The first flow velocity is lower than the second flow velocity to facilitate flotation of a low specific gravity portion of the feedstock through the first region toward an upper surface of the liquid accumulated in the reservoir volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Suncor Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas Charles Hann, William Nicholas Garner
  • Patent number: 8968571
    Abstract: A gas flotation separator for use in horizontal tanks, such as those used for oil storage on board Floating Production Storage and Off-loading (FPSO) vessels, includes dividing the tank into a plurality of chambers operating in series. Prior to entering each chamber, the contaminated aqueous phase is mixed with a stream containing gas bubbles to aid in flocculation and flotation of the immiscible phase contaminant. The gas bubble recycle stream can be generated by injecting a controlled rate of a pressurized gas into a liquid stream of the clean produced water in a process external to the tank or by induction of a gas phase internal to the tank. The mixture flows into the first chamber and impinges on an angled inlet water weir. A portion of the immiscible phase and the gas phase rises to the top of the chamber while the remaining immiscible contaminants flow downward with the aqueous phase to the bottom of the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Exterran Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas W. Lee, Nicholas Owens
  • Patent number: 8877050
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the treatment of liquid effluents laden with hydrocarbons, which comprises: feeding the effluents into a treatment tank; supplying the treatment tank with a reversible sorbent having a defined particle size; mixing the effluents with the reversible sorbent in the treatment tank in order to load said reversible sorbent with the hydrocarbons in the effluents; removing the hydrocarbon-laden reversible sorbent from the top of the treatment tank; extracting the treated effluents from the bottom of the treatment tank; and separating the hydrocarbons from the laden reversible sorbent from the treatment tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Osead Hydrocarbon Technologies, SAS
    Inventors: Christian Martin, Rene Pascal
  • Patent number: 8840786
    Abstract: A system for removing dissolved contaminants, particulate contaminants, and oil contaminants from industrial waste water, the system including a gas floatation and primary oil contaminant removal subsystem including a tank for receiving a flow of the industrial waste water and a flow of gaseous microspheres, wherein the gaseous microspheres combine with oil droplets in the waste water to form flocs which float to the surface and are removed to provide processed waste water with the majority of the oil contaminants removed, and a contaminant removal subsystem for removing dissolved contaminants, particulate contaminants, and any remaining oil contaminants from the processed waste water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Ionel Wechsler, Peter G. Marston
  • Patent number: 8753508
    Abstract: A system and process for treating water wherein water to be treated is directed to an inlet zone and from the inlet zone to a mixing zone. A flotation zone receives water from the mixing zone. A clarified water collection area is disposed adjacent the flotation zone for receiving clarified water from the flotation zone. There is provided one or more spray nozzles disposed in the mixing zone for injecting pressurized water into the mixing zone and generating air bubbles in the mixing zone such that the air bubbles are mixed with the water to be treated. A perforated plate separates the inlet zone and the mixing zone and includes an array of openings through which water to be treated passes as the water to be treated moves from the inlet zone to the mixing zone. The openings in the perforated plate give rise to a homogeneous mixture of the water to be treated and the air bubbles that result from the pressurized water being injected into the mixing zone by the one or more spray nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
    Inventors: Laurence Domoulin, Delia Pastorelli, Michel Badard
  • Patent number: 8728310
    Abstract: A system and method for processing impure water is achieved by using ozone for the separation and removal of certain contaminants and for further purification of the water. According to one embodiment, a gas comprised of ozone and air is injected into the impure water. The gas is converted to bubbles which are used as a flotation reagent while the ozone portion of the gas provides for the disinfection and deodorization of the liquid. The impure water is constantly supplied into an upper portion of a working volume or column of fluid contained within a processing unit. At the same time the gas is supplied into the bottom part of the same fluid column through one or more diffusers. Due to their porosity the diffusers generate the bubbles of this ozone-based gas so that each bubble has a predetermined size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: RR Fish SIA
    Inventor: Andrei Tjutjunnik
  • Patent number: 8647514
    Abstract: A standing wave in a water current, which is subject to purification, is swirled in the lower mass-exchange chamber in order to create negative pressure along the central axis, the atmosphere air intake and crating of two countercurrents interacting with each other, resulting in a standing wave and oxygenation of the water current. A cylindrical mixing chamber, which is divided into the upper mass-exchange chamber and the lower mass-exchange chamber by dividing walls with a coaxial orifice towards the air-supply pipe and peripheral bypass channel. In the lower mass-exchange chamber, water, which is subject to purification, is swirled and under the negative pressure in the center it intakes air from the air-supply pipe, creating hydrosol and reaction area of ion exchange due to forming of the standing acoustic wave. Part of the processed current is outlet into the volume through a permeable wall in the side surface of the upper mass-exchange chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Inventor: Leonid Jurievich Vorobiev
  • Patent number: 8551330
    Abstract: A carbon adsorption vessel for use in a CIP (carbon in pulp) or CIL (carbon in leach) process may be constructed. A slurry is obtained having dissolved (leached) precious metals. The slurry is brought into contact with carbon particles and is passed through a retention screen in the vessel. The dissolved precious metals adhere onto the carbon particles. An air lift pump provides the pressure differential necessary to drive the slurry through the retention screen, wherein the carbon particles are retained by the retention screen and the slurry passes through the retention screen. After passing through the retention screen, the slurry is received in to a receiving vessel that may be situated at, below or above the level of source vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: WesTech Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph A. Cutler, Jeffery H. Easton
  • Patent number: 8524089
    Abstract: A combined sedimentation and pressure floatation wastewater treatment tank includes a tank body, a sedimentation treatment device and a pressure floatation treatment device. The tank body contains a predetermined amount of wastewater for treatment. The sedimentation treatment device is used to remove relatively heavier sludge from the wastewater by sedimentation treatment, and the pressure floatation treatment device is used to remove relatively lighter sludge from the initially treated wastewater by pressure floatation treatment. In operation, the wastewater is initially treated by the sedimentation treatment device and is further treated by the pressure floatation treatment device. Alternatively, the wastewater is initially treated by the pressure floatation treatment device and is further treated by the sedimentation treatment device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Inventor: Kuei-Lin Tsai
  • Patent number: 8440076
    Abstract: A water treatment unit comprising a bath (2) delimited by a bottom wall (3) and a lateral wall (4) developing in elevation from a whole perimeter of the bottom wall (3), means for supplying (14) the water to be treated into the bath (2), at least an aeration device (5) have dissolving functions in collaboration with the means for supplying (14), for introducing a flow of oxygen or ozone into the water contained in the bath (2) in order to saturate the water and/or to give rise to foam, means for eliminating (6) the foam, at least an outlet section (13) of the treated water from the bath (2). The bath (2) develops prevalently horizontally and internally comprises a dividing wall (7) which divides the internal volume of the bath (2) into a turbulent water zone (2a) and a calm water zone (2b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Acqua & Co. S.R.L.
    Inventor: Giovanni Magnanini
  • Patent number: 8404121
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a separation process. An aerated inlet mixture of fluid and solids is fed to a flotation separation vessel and is separated into an upper float layer and a lower clarified layer. The upper float layer is withdrawn from the vessel when the height of the upper float layer exceeds the height of an overflow conduit and forms a concentrated solids effluent. The lower clarified layer is withdrawn from the separation vessel as a clarified fluid effluent. The separation process is performed continuously using a control process that maintains a relatively stable distribution between the lower clarified layer and the upper float layer. The control process is a closed loop process that monitors the instantaneous height of the vessel contents and computes an error function based on the instantaneous height and a set-point height. The error function is used to periodically adjust the outlet flowrate of the clarified fluid effluent. The resulting process has improved stability (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Anaergia Inc.
    Inventors: Joel Bias, Brian Ross
  • Publication number: 20120211407
    Abstract: A dissolved air flotation system and method for purifying fresh water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Inventor: Joey M. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8197607
    Abstract: A dishwasher is provided having a dishwashing container and a filter system for cleaning dishwashing liquid. The filter system includes a foam volume and the filter system and the dishwashing container are communicated with one another such that at least some of the dishwashing liquid can be discharged from the dishwashing container in association with a washing cycle of the dishwashing machine to the foam volume for passage of the discharged dishwashing liquid through the foam volume. Dishwashing residue contained in the dishwashing liquid is at least partially absorbed or retained by the foam volume such that the fine-grained dirt particles can be filtered out of the dishwashing fluid, a resoiling of the dishwashing fluid or the items to be cleaned can be minimized and the dishwashing result can be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbH
    Inventors: M. Yavuz Dedegil, Rüdiger Eiermann, Helmut Jerg
  • Patent number: 8173016
    Abstract: A mechanical vessel may effectively and simultaneously displace a first undesired gas from within water with a second desired gas, and remove at least one alkaline species and oily matter from the water. The vessel raises the pH of the water and reduces the lime requirement for subsequent lime softening. The vessel receives the water containing the first gas and passes the water through a series of gasification chambers. Each gasification chamber may have a mechanism that ingests and mixes a second gas into the water thereby physically displacing at least a portion of the first gas into a vapor space at the top of each gasification chamber from which it is subsequently removed. There is an absence of communication between the vapor spaces of adjacent chambers. An acid is added to remove the alkaline species, where the first gas is an optional by-product that is also removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Cameron International Corporation
    Inventors: James C. T. Chen, Shaya Movafaghian
  • Patent number: 8173017
    Abstract: A mechanical flotation system having only one cell may be nearly as efficient as one having two or more cells, yet provide an apparatus with a considerably smaller footprint, significantly reduced capital and operating costs, as well as be resistant to floating oil recovery platform wave effects. The single-cell mechanical flotation system may have one skim collection channel that at least partially surrounds a single gas ingestion and mixing mechanism. At least one baffle may direct suspended matter or floc toward the skim collection which may be circular. The gas layer over the liquid is not vented for the purpose of gasification. The vessel may be a cylindrical pressure vessel oriented vertically, and optionally the inlet may be tangential to the periphery of the vessel to impart liquid rotation inside the vessel when liquid is introduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Cameron International Corporation
    Inventors: James C. T. Chen, Shaya Movafaghian
  • Patent number: 8101070
    Abstract: A chemical/biological wastewater treatment apparatus employing rapid sludge chemical dewatering technology in conjunction with an environmental biological system for treating the separated treated wastewater by land applying it for the propagation of biosynthetic fuels and other plants; and/or passing it through aqueous plant, algae, or microbial reduction of the dissolved solids and ammonia for BOD compliance to produce water of sufficient quality to meet open stream and ocean effluent discharge requirements; and disposing of the high BTU low moisture solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Earth Renaissance Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Marcus G. Theodore, Larry P. Wardle
  • Patent number: 8070961
    Abstract: The invention aims at enabling, in a catalytic decarbonation apparatus, inert particles coated with calcium carbonate to be constantly and systematically extracted from the reactor, with no risk of clogging the discharge pipes. Therefor, said pipes (7?a, 7?b) have an inside diameter ranging between 40 and 60 mm and they have a downward incline up to their connection to an outside discharge conduit (8?), except, possibly, a horizontal portion starting from the orifice through which they emerge into the reactor (1?).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Degremont
    Inventor: Christian Barraqué
  • Patent number: 8062519
    Abstract: A flange joint for connecting two objects in a fluid connection so that fluid can flow between the objects. The flange joint has a gasket, and the gasket is installed in the flange joint. The flange joint has at least one channel for feeding additional fluid from outside of the flange joint through the gasket into fluid flowing between the two objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventor: Timo Niitti
  • Patent number: 8029668
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for treating raw water. The apparatus comprises a vessel having an inlet for the raw water and an outlet for the skimmed water, and wherein the vessel contains the raw water, and a rotor mechanism for creating a plurality of gas bubbles within the raw water. The apparatus further comprises a disperser device, operatively associated with the rotor mechanism, for dispersing the plurality of gas bubbles from the rotor mechanism within the vessel, and wherein the gas bubbles create an oily froth on the top of the raw water, and a skim tray, positioned about the rotor mechanism, is provided for removing the oily froth from the top of the raw water as well as a secondary skimmer positioned within the skim tray. In one preferred embodiment, an external skim tank that is configured to deliver a gas to the rotor mechanism and wherein the external skim tank is configured to receive the oily froth from the secondary skimmer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: CCS Energy Services, LLC
    Inventors: Melvin O. Stacy, Mark G. Arceneaux, Eric Wingate
  • Patent number: 7943041
    Abstract: A system for and method of removing particulate material from wastewater discharged from an industrial source. The method using filtration, sedimentation, coagulation and skimming to remove the particulate material from the wastewater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Inventors: Kurt Standley, Troy Hartzell
  • Patent number: 7927485
    Abstract: A filter system for filtering water and/or wastewater including a sludge blanket clarifier for removing at least some impurities from influent. The sludge blanket clarifier includes a clarifier compartment in which a sludge blanket is to be formed to remove at least some impurities from influent directed into the clarifier compartment and through the sludge blanket. The clarifier compartment has at least one vertical sidewall extending from a bottom of the clarifier compartment to a top of the clarifier compartment. The clarifier compartment has a cross-sectional area that varies over at least a portion of a height of the clarifier compartment such that the velocity of influent just prior to entry into the sludge blanket is less than the velocity of influent just after entering the clarifier compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: RG Delaware, Inc.
    Inventors: R. Lee Roberts, Mark Kevin Addison, Karl Michael Kyriss
  • Patent number: 7776211
    Abstract: A wastewater treatment system and process includes a treatment system for biologically treating wastewater to produce substantially clean water effluent and byproducts. The treatment system includes an array of rotating media wheels for sustained algae growth. The media wheels are supported so that the algae rotates into and out of the wastewater for exposure to sunlight. One byproduct is algae removed from the rotating media wheels, which may be provided to other processing facilities to produce, for instance, bio-diesel fuel. Waste CO2 may also be provided to the facility for enhanced algae growth. Bacteria is provided to form a symbiotic relationship with the algae, fueled by sunlight to effectively remove toxic materials from the wastewater. Rotation of the media wheels can be accomplished by air jets that also operate to dislodge excess algae as a byproduct of the system and process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Algaewheel, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher A. Limcaco
  • Patent number: 7651610
    Abstract: A water aerating and dirt collecting device for an aquarium includes a pumping device having a paddle device for pumping and circulating the water contained within the aquarium, a receptacle having an entrance coupled to the pumping device for receiving the water from the pumping device and for agitating the water and for generating an eddy current, and a casing having an inlet port coupled to the receptacle for receiving a filtered dirt from the receptacle and having a mouth coupled to the pumping device for allowing an air in the casing to be drawn into the pumping device. The receptacle includes a tubular member for collecting the filtered dirt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2010
    Inventor: Hsueh Lee Tsai
  • Patent number: 7648631
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for wastewater treatment using a nitrogen/phosphorus removal process combined with a floatation separation of sludge that is replaced by the gravity settling secondary clarifier are provided for effectively removing organic substances, nitrogen, phosphorus, granular substances and the like from wastewater. Al or Fe electrode plate is used for generating the micro bubbles so that phosphorus is removed by Al or Fe ions dissolved from the anode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Yong Su Choi, Sang Hyup Lee, Seok Won Hong, Tai Hak Chung, Yun Jung Kim, Young Gyun Choi
  • Patent number: 7625484
    Abstract: A water treatment apparatus has a turbidity meter, which is a detection part, for detecting a generation state of bubbles in a micro/nano bubble generation state confirmation tank, as a turbidity of treatment water. The water treatment apparatus also has a controller, which is a control part, for receiving an signal representing the turbidity of treatment water detected by the turbidity meter, to control openings of air flow control valves in an interlocked manner in response to the signal, so that the amount of air flowing through the control valves is automatically controlled. The openings of the air flow control valves are controlled in an interlocked manner by the controller in such a way that the signal representing turbidity shows that the treatment water within the confirmation tank is whitely turbid (i.e., the turbidity shows not less than a specified value).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Sharp Kabuhsiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kazuyuki Yamasaki, Keichiro Uda, Kazumi Chuhjoh
  • Patent number: 7565981
    Abstract: A material separator for separating at least two different materials of differing densities and/or sizes of particles. The material separator generally includes a tank containing a flocculent, a circulation system for circulating flocculent within the tank and a pair of conveyors for moving two different materials out of the tank. The tank may include an upper chamber and a lower chamber. At least a portion of each of the conveyors is located in the upper chamber to catch materials fed into the flocculent. Each of the conveyors may include a mesh belt that permits the flocculent to flow through the conveyor. The tank may include a clean out valve that permits fines and other debris accumulated within the upper chamber to pass into the lower chamber. The flocculent circulation assembly may include a nozzle that can be constructed in various configurations to create flows of flocculent of various velocities and trajectories.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2009
    Assignee: Flo-Cait, Inc.
    Inventors: James P. Cullom, Gordan J. Van Wylen, William J. Van Bronkhorst, Thomas D. Graham
  • Patent number: 7556732
    Abstract: A must clarification device is provided comprising a vat into which the must is introduced in either a continuous flow or in batches. Located within a circular chamber in the vat is a turbine rotatable by external means. The must is introduced into the chamber by a centrally located pipe. An air pipe is located concentrically within the must pipe. The pipes are arranged to create a venturi effect to suck the air into the chamber. The turbine mixes the air and must and expells it from the chamber so that the air bubbles cause the impurities to rise to the surface where they are removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Inoxpa, S.A.
    Inventor: Gunter Waidelich
  • Publication number: 20090057234
    Abstract: A method and system for recovering grease from wastewater is disclosed. According to one embodiment of the present invention, the method includes receiving wastewater comprising an aqueous phase and an organic phase, wherein the organic phase comprises solids and grease; pretreating the wastewater to produce a waste sludge stream comprising water, solids, and grease, wherein a substantial amount of the solids and grease from the wastewater are extracted into the waste sludge stream; separating the waste sludge in a first separation stage to provide a first separation phase consisting essentially of solids, and a second separation phase comprising an immiscible liquid mixture of grease and water; and separating the second separation phase to provide a third separation phase consisting essentially of water and a fourth separation phase consisting essentially of grease.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2007
    Publication date: March 5, 2009
    Applicant: SF Investments, Inc.
    Inventors: John Noble ARMSTRONG, Cory Allen Johnson
  • Patent number: 7468136
    Abstract: A vortex grit trap comprising a generally vertically extending tank of circular cross-section including a separation zone having an inlet and an outlet for liquid flow to and from the tank, and in which liquid is circulated about a longitudinal axis of the tank, and, a grit collection zone positioned beneath the separation zone in use, the trap being characterized by a generally circular tank divider centered on the vertical longitudinal axis of the tank and extending transverse thereto, the divider defining a notional boundary between the separation and collection zones of the tank and being of smaller diameter than the adjacent region of the tank so as to define with the adjacent tank wall an annulus through which grit passes from the separation zone to the collection zone in use, and, means for generating a cloud of gas bubbles migrating in use upwardly through substantially the whole of said annulus whereby substantially all grit passing from the separation zone into the collection zone passes through the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: GL&V Management Hungary Kft.
    Inventor: John C. Bache
  • Publication number: 20080283459
    Abstract: An improved structure of purification carrier input of a sewage scum removing unit includes a tank provided with a water inlet to introduce sewage into the tank; a water outlet disposed at a predetermined location on the tank to lead sewage out of the tank; and a carrier introduction end disposed in the peripheral of the water inlet on the tank to introduce polymer carrier to clean the sewage; the water inlet is connected to an air water mixing device for the sewage to first go through air bulbs addition process before entering into the tank to get mixed with the polymer carrier for correcting the problem that molecular structure of the polymer carrier is vulnerable to be destructed in the course of pumping air bulbs into the sewage as found with the prior art.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Inventor: CHENG-HUA SHEN
  • Patent number: 7449117
    Abstract: A filtration unit that includes a casing that has a closed bottom and is immersed in a water storage tank (or water storage pond) into which raw water is introduced, the casing being composed of a introduction port which introduces the raw water in the water storage tank into the casing, an active carbon supply device which adds active carbon to the introduced raw water, an agitator which agitates the raw water inside the casing to which active carbon has been added, a filtration module which filters the raw water, a back flow preventing device which prevents the raw water inside the casing from flowing back into the introduction port and being discharged into the water storage tank, and a discharging device which discharges the raw water from the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Tsukishima Kikai Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tsuyoshi Nakayama
  • Patent number: 7438809
    Abstract: A mechanical flotation system having only one cell may be nearly as efficient as one having two or more cells, yet provide an apparatus with a considerably smaller footprint, significantly reduced capital and operating costs, as well as be resistant to floating oil recovery platform wave effects. The single-cell mechanical flotation system may have one skim collection channel that at least partially surrounds a single gas ingestion and mixing mechanism. At least one baffle may direct suspended matter or floc toward the skim collection which may be circular. The gas layer over the liquid is not vented for the purpose of gasification. The vessel may be a cylindrical pressure vessel oriented vertically, and optionally the inlet may be tangential to the periphery of the vessel to impart liquid rotation inside the vessel when liquid is introduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2008
    Assignee: Petreco International Inc.
    Inventors: James C. T. Chen, Shaya Movafaghian
  • Patent number: 7422688
    Abstract: An aerated treatment of water is performed using a serially coupled reactor and flotation tank and is performed using so much activated sludge in the water that small bubbles from an aerator are entrained in the activated sludge, leading some of or all the activated sludge to flotate in the flotation tank. A reactor (1) and a flotation tank (36) for performing the process are equipped with at least one aerator (19, 20, 21, 22). A number of preferred processes and designs elaborate on the invention, including how the invention may be incorporated into existing wastewater treatment facilities and exploited there.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Inventor: Lars Ekeroth
  • Patent number: 7416661
    Abstract: A mechanical vessel may effectively and simultaneously displace a first undesired gas from within water with a second desired gas, and remove at least one alkaline species and oily matter from the water. The vessel raises the pH of the water and reduces the lime requirement for subsequent lime softening. The vessel receives the water containing the first gas and passes the water through a series of gasification chambers. Each gasification chamber may have a mechanism that ingests and mixes a second gas into the water thereby physically displacing at least a portion of the first gas into a vapor space at the top of each gasification chamber from which it is subsequently removed. There is an absence of communication between the vapor spaces of adjacent chambers. An acid is added to remove the alkaline species, where the first gas is an optional by-product that is also removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: Petreco International Inc.
    Inventors: James C. T. Chen, Shaya Movafaghian
  • Publication number: 20080179232
    Abstract: A sewage floating/decontaminating tank structure including a first tank and a second tank. The first tank has an inlet and a relief outlet. The sewage is conducted from the first inlet into the first tank to flow in a preset flowing path inside the first tank and then discharge from the relief outlet of the first tank. The second tank has an inlet communicating with the relief outlet of the first tank, whereby the sewage is conducted from the relief outlet of the first tank into inlet of the second tank. The sewage is decontaminated in the second tank. The second tank has an exhaustion section arranged on an upper portion of the second tank. The contaminants floating on the level of the sewage in the second tank are exhausted from the exhaustion section. The second tank further an outlet arranged on a lower portion of the second tank. The purified water free from the contaminants is conducted out from the outlet of the second tank for reuse.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2007
    Publication date: July 31, 2008
    Inventor: CHENG-HUA SHEN
  • Publication number: 20080017582
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for treating raw water. The apparatus comprises a vessel having an inlet for the raw water and an outlet for the skimmed water, and wherein the vessel contains the raw water, and a rotor mechanism for creating a plurality of gas bubbles within the raw water. The apparatus further comprises a disperser device, operatively associated with the rotor mechanism, for dispersing the plurality of gas bubbles from the rotor mechanism within the vessel, and wherein the gas bubbles create an oily froth on the top of the raw water, and a skim tray, positioned about the rotor mechanism, is provided for removing the oily froth from the top of the raw water as well as a secondary skimmer positioned within the skim tray. In one preferred embodiment, an external skim tank that is configured to deliver a gas to the rotor mechanism and wherein the external skim tank is configured to receive the oily froth from the secondary skimmer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Publication date: January 24, 2008
    Inventors: Melvin O. Stacy, Mark G. Arceneaux, Eric Wingate
  • Patent number: 7314140
    Abstract: A material separator for separating at least two different materials of differing densities and/or sizes of particles. The material separator generally includes a tank containing a flocculent, a circulation system for circulating flocculent within the tank and a pair of conveyors for moving two different materials out of the tank. The tank may include an upper chamber and a lower chamber. At least a portion of each of the conveyors is located in the upper chamber to catch materials fed into the flocculent. Each of the conveyors may include a mesh belt that permits the flocculent to flow through the conveyor. The tank may include a clean out valve that permits fines and other debris accumulated within the upper chamber to pass into the lower chamber. The flocculent circulation assembly may include a nozzle that can be constructed in various configurations to create flows of flocculent of various velocities and trajectories.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2008
    Assignee: Flo-Cait, Inc.
    Inventors: James P. Cullom, Gordon J. Van Wylen, William J. Van Bronkhorst, Thomas D. Graham
  • Patent number: 7279101
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an anaerobic biological wastewater treatment system for treating wastewater containing organic contaminants, which includes an anaerobic sludge bed reactor and a dissolved-air flotation tank. The anaerobic sludge bed reactor is used to decompose organic contaminants by way of an anaerobic biological treatment. The dissolved-air flotation tank is used to carry out liquid-solid separation on effluent from the anaerobic sludge bed reactor, so that anaerobic microorganisms entrained in the effluent can be recovered and recycled to the anaerobic sludge bed reactor, thereby enhancing the hydraulic loading of the anaerobic sludge bed reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2007
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Huey-Song You, Shan-Shan Chou, Shui-Chen Lien, Wung-Jung Wu, Hsin-Jung Lin
  • Publication number: 20070193956
    Abstract: Injection-type protein skimmers are described, especially applicable to removal of protein contaminants from aquarium water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2007
    Publication date: August 23, 2007
    Inventor: Thomas E. Nelson
  • Patent number: 7238284
    Abstract: An apparatus for processing an alkaline solution includes a storage tank storing the alkaline solution to be processed; a processing unit sucking a foam phase disposed on the liquid surface level of the alkaline solution in the storage tank, defoaming the foam phase by centrifugal separation, and extracting the foam phase outside the storage tank, the processing unit including an extraction tube; a separating tank separating scum and a liquid, the separating tank being connected to the extraction tube; a scum-discharging component discharging the scum in the separating tank outside the separating tank; and a liquid-discharging component discharging the liquid in the separating tank outside the separating tank. In the apparatus, the scum and the liquid separated in the separating tank are separately discharged outside the separating tank with the scum-discharging component and the liquid-discharging component, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Hotani Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Setsuo Hotani
  • Patent number: 7131370
    Abstract: The invention relates to a centrifugal separating device and method for clarifying must during wine production, especially with a separator (7). Gas and/or gelatine and/or other additives are added to the must that is clarified in the separating device after the must has passed through the separating device and before it passes through the constant pressure valve (13) of the separating device, as the must is discharged (9), in order to obtain flotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2006
    Assignee: Westfalia Separator AG
    Inventors: Frank Schauz, Ulrich Schmid
  • Patent number: 6958121
    Abstract: A digester is provided for aerobically and microbially digesting a batch of bodily waste material, such as an aqueous slurry of pig manure. The digester comprises side-by-side digestion and separation compartments, separated by a partition wall. A first slanted pipe extends through the wall and has its inlet at the lower end of the separation compartment. Pressurized air is injected into the inlet so that slurry from the separation compartment is drawn into the bore of the first pipe, is mixed and aerated therein and is ejected into the slurry in the digestion compartment as a powerful jet. The jet establishes a vertical circulation in the digestion compartment. Slurry, containing undigestible solids, drains through a second pipe from the central core of the circular flow into the separation compartment. Here the aerated non-digestible solids tend to float and can be removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2005
    Inventor: Al Leskow
  • Patent number: 6890431
    Abstract: A clarification system for fluids in which particles are separated from the fluid by flotation and in which the buoyant media inducing the flotation is recycled. Flotation can be assisted by a flotation assistance device, such as dissolved air flotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignee: The F. B. Leopold Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Eades, Jeffrey Penno
  • Patent number: 6881297
    Abstract: A device and process for aerating dispersions, particularly for flotation of pulp suspensions, in a de-inking process where the pulp suspension containing dirt particles is sprayed into a tank together with air. The air is injected at a minimum of two successive points and mixed with the suspension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Andritz AG
    Inventors: Bernhard Scherzinger, Helmuth Gabl
  • Patent number: 6875351
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for demulsifying oil in water by dilution and impact, and for separation of the oil and suspended solids by dissolved gas floatation, are described. A produced water treating system is also described. The produced water treating system may include a dissolved gas floatation clarifier system, an oil demulsification system, and a separation system. A demulsification subsystem is also described. The apparatus may include a liquid-liquid fluid mixer and a gas generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: Hydrotreat, Inc.
    Inventor: Johnny Arnaud
  • Patent number: 6841072
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for the anaerobic purification of slurry which contains organic constituents. Slurry which is to be treated is fed periodically or continuously to a mixture-filled, substantially closed reactor (2), while the slurry is forcibly mixed with mixture (3) from the reactor. The mixture in the reactor is subjected to upward flow through it and to a hydrolysis process. The mixture is subjected to floatation by injection of a low-oxygen gas, such as biogas which originates from the reactor, and the floating layer of solids which is formed in the process is returned to the mixture in the reactor, while the low-particle liquid which is formed in the process is discharged as effluent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Paques Bio Systems B.V.
    Inventors: Sjoerd Hubertus Jozef Vellinga, Ronald Mulder
  • Patent number: 6830690
    Abstract: A process for treating organically contaminated waste water is provided comprising an initial treatment step whereby microorganisms are replicated and either attach to support media or remain suspended in the waste water. The microorganisms reduce the incoming biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) level by consuming the organic contaminants. At least a part of the suspended portion of microorganisms are subsequently removed from the initially treated waste water, and the waste water under goes a further treatment step to further reduce the level of organic contaminants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Inventor: Lawrence A. Schmid