Fibrous Patents (Class 210/508)
  • Patent number: 9518659
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a flat gasket with filter elements. In order to fulfill the increased requirements with respect to cleanliness, there is an increased demand for the integration of filter elements in flat gaskets. The corresponding filter elements mainly serve for picking of impurities accrued during production as well as other residues circulate via the operational fluids, especially during the initial period of operation of an internal combustion engine or a vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Reinz-Dichtungs-GmbH
    Inventors: Georg Egloff, Oliver Claus, Hans Waldvogel, Andreas Helfenbein, Robert Blersch
  • Patent number: 9029517
    Abstract: Adsorptive media for chromatography, particularly ion-exchange chromatography, derived from a shaped fiber. In certain embodiments, the functionalized shaped fiber presents a fibrillated or ridged structure which greatly increases the surface area of the fibers when compared to ordinary fibers. Also disclosed herein is a method to add surface pendant functional groups that provides cation-exchange or anion-exchange functionality to the high surface area fibers. This pendant functionality is useful for the ion-exchange chromatographic purification of biomolecules, such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: EMD Millipore Corporation
    Inventors: David Yavorsky, John Amara, Joaquin Umana, William Cataldo, Mikhail Kozlov, Matthew Stone
  • Patent number: 9010547
    Abstract: The present invention provides membranes having a coating layer comprising cellulose or cellulose derivative and a porous support comprising nanofibers prepared by a process of coating a solution comprising cellulose or a cellulose derivative dissolved in an ionic liquid on to a porous support layer. The present invention is useful for providing improved water flux and high rejection rates for oil/water emulsions. The present invention also provides fluid separation systems in UF, NF, RO and FO, incorporating membranes of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: The Research Foundation of State University of New York
    Inventors: Benjamin Chu, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Hongyang Ma
  • Patent number: 8973762
    Abstract: An industrial absorbent and methods of manufacturing the same. In one embodiment, the industrial absorbent includes a first scrim made from at least one thermoplastic material; a second scrim made from at least one thermoplastic material; and a middle layer positioned between the first and second scrims. The middle layer includes a dry-laid web of fire-retardant treated cellulose and opened, individuated staple bicomponent fiber. At least some of the bicomponent fiber in the middle layer is thermally bonded to at least some of the cellulose in the middle layer, and the first and second scrims are thermally bonded to the middle layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sellars Absorbent Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: William R. Sellars, John C. Sellars, Thomas C. Shutt
  • Publication number: 20150053606
    Abstract: A nonwoven sheet contains a substrate layer formed from a fiber aggregate nonwoven structural member; the fiber aggregate nonwoven structural member containing a thermal adhesive fiber; the thermal adhesive fibers are melt-bonded to fix the fibers of the member. The average thickness of the substrate layer is adjusted to not less than 0.2 mm to less than 1 mm, and the thermal adhesive fibers are substantially uniformly melt-bonded in a surface direction of the substrate layer. The sheet may have a surface layer over at least one side of the substrate layer, the surface layer may contain a fiber aggregate nonwoven structural member having an apparent density higher than the apparent density of the substrate layer. The surface layer may comprise a layer formed by heat-pressing or may be formed from a meltblown nonwoven fabric. The thermal adhesive fiber may be substantially uniformly melt-bonded in a thickness direction of the substrate layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: KURARAY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yasuhiko Sakamoto, Sumito Kiyooka
  • Patent number: 8951423
    Abstract: A method for removing a filter cake from a filtering device having a housing that defines a filtration flowpath through which a filtrate flows, the housing having at least one inlet and at least one outlet, the filter cake being deposited on at least one cylindrical filter element disposed within the filtering device, the at least one cylindrical filter element comprises at least one filter material and at least one rebound element, the at least one rebound element having a first flange extending from a head region and a second flange extending from a foot region, the at least one rebound element having a structured surface with at least two recesses mutually parallel in the longitudinal direction of the at least one rebound element, the at least two recesses are formed extending between the first flange and the second flange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: ETS Trade S.A.R.L.
    Inventors: Harald Schmidt, Frank Jonigkeit
  • Patent number: 8945389
    Abstract: There is proposed a separation method for mixtures of materials, using a cellulose hydrate membrane having a porous double structure which consists of micropores having a diameter in the range from >100 nm to 20 ?m and ultrapores which have a diameter of <100 nm and which are not accessible to Blue Dextran having an average molecular weight Mw of 2 000 000, wherein the fraction of the volume of the ultrapores is more than 15% of the entire pore volume accessible to water, and wherein, in a preferred embodiment, sulfonic acid ligands are bonded to the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sartorius Stedim Biotech GmbH
    Inventors: René Faber, Wolfgang Demmer
  • Patent number: 8932470
    Abstract: An aggregate-removing filter material efficiently removes aggregates that are contained in a blood product for transfusion and may cause transfusion reactions without clogging, and exhibits excellent quality stability, and a blood product filtration method uses a filter apparatus that includes the aggregate-removing filter material and a leukocyte-removing filter material. The aggregate-removing filter material includes short fibers having a fineness of 0.7 to 4.0 dtex and a fiber length of 1 to 80 mm, and a ground fabric that includes long fibers, a fiber axis of the long fibers being oriented in a planar direction of the ground fabric, the short fibers being entangled with the ground fabric so that the aggregate-removing filter material has a total weight per unit area of 10 to 80 g/m2, and a layer of the short fibers forming a three-dimensional structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Medical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Fukuda, Yoshimasa Matsuura
  • Publication number: 20150001148
    Abstract: A filter element is disclosed made from a gathered paper web that may be crimped, embossed, and/or corrugated. In accordance with the present disclosure, the paper web is treated with at least two different additives. The first additive comprises amphiphilic molecules, having hydrophilic and hydrophobic ends such as a ketene dimer that has one or more branching groups. The second additive, on the other hand, may comprise a polymer component such as a polyalkylene glycol. The filter element may also be treated with a polyamine or an amino acid or salt thereof. In one embodiment, the filter element may be incorporated into the filter of a smoking article. The two additives together may improve smoke taste, reduce some smoke phenols, and reduce some smoke carbonyls.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Jiayi Pan, Christophe Le Moigne, Nathalie Durot, Michel Barale, Stephane Derrien
  • Patent number: 8871087
    Abstract: A device and method for purifying waste water and stormwater flows by passage through a filter, which can be manufactured in various configurations. The filter has a broad range of thickness ranging from 1 mm to 20 meters. The filter is comprised of fibers from a melt of composition of 50% silicon dioxide, 15% aluminum oxide, 15% calcium oxide, 10% magnesium oxide, and other various oxides at lower percentages. At least the majority of fibers having a mean diameter of 4 microns and a mean length of 3 mm. The fiber solids of content of the material are at most 35% of the volume at a flow rate greater than 1 inch per hour to remove various pollutants from the water flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Modular Wetland Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Greg B. Kent
  • Patent number: 8833567
    Abstract: A coalescence media for separation of water-hydrocarbon emulsions comprises an emulsion-contacting sheet formed of: (a) at least one component of the group consisting of natural fibers, cellulose fibers, natural-based fibers, and cellulose-based fibers, at least one component of the group consisting of high-surface-area fibrillated fibers, surface-area-enhancing synthetic material, glass microfibers, and nanoceramic functionalized fibers; and (c) at least one component of the group consisting of a dry strength additive, and a wet strength additive, wherein the fibrous components of the media constitute at least about 70% of the media. In preferred embodiments, the coalescence media comprises kraft fibers, fibrillated lyocell fibers, glass microfibers or nanoceramic functionalized fibers, a wet strength additive, and a dry strength additive. Preferably, the coalescence media is formed as a single, self-supporting layer from a wet-laid process using a homogenously distributed, wet-laid furnish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Ahlstrom Corporation
    Inventors: Christine Stanfel, Frank Cousart
  • Patent number: 8815350
    Abstract: A method for grafting a porous element for leucodepletion by adsorption and/or filtration of a biological fluid, such as blood or a blood component, which method comprises the steps of impregnating the porous element with a solution containing a poly(ethylene oxide) having identical or different functional end groups; and applying an ionizing treatment to the impregnated porous element so as to ensure covalent cross-linking between the poly(ethylene oxide) and the porous element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignees: Maco Pharma Societe Anonyme, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Pascal Marmey, Emilie Bessy, Pierre Lutz, Gregory Henard
  • Patent number: 8795403
    Abstract: The present invention provides a filter cloth for a dust collector which shows low pressure loss, no clogging, superior dust shaking-off performance, and durability for continuous use without impairing collection performance, even under such dust collection conditions as high speed filtration and high dust concentration. The filter cloth for a dust collector relevant to the present invention is a filter cloth which is made by laminating and integrating a filtration layer of a nonwoven fabric layer consisting of a thermoplastic fiber and a support layer consisting of a woven fabric layer, characterized in that at least filtration surface layer of said laminated and integrated filter cloth has a concave-convex shape having a height from hill part to trough part of 1.6 to 20.0 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: Asahi Kasei Fibers Corporation, Asamasu Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukimasa Kuroda, Yutaka Sasaki, Yoshihiro Takagi, Isao Kimura
  • Patent number: 8777018
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a filtering device, facilitating the filtration of media to be cleaned, and also the cleaning of the filter material or filter elements in a filtering device. Said filtering device comprises at least one filter element arranged in a housing, with at least one filter material and at least one rebound element. The invention further relates to a cleaning device, comprising at least one nozzle, which is arranged perpendicularly and/or angularly in relation to the filter element for removing a filter cake on the filter material, wherein the cleaning medium at least partially penetrates the filter material during cleaning. The rebound element deflects the cleaning medium at least partially for renewed penetration through the filter material, while at least partially removing the filter cake at the same time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: ETS Trade S.a.r.l.
    Inventors: Harald Schmidt, Frank Jonigkeit
  • Patent number: 8747668
    Abstract: Separation media, separation modules and methods are provided for separating water from a water and hydrocarbon emulsion and include a fibrous nonwoven coalescence layer for receiving the water and hydrocarbon emulsion and coalescing the water present therein as a discontinuous phase to achieve coalesced water droplets having a size of 1 mm or greater, and a fibrous nonwoven drop retention layer downstream of the coalescence layer having a high BET surface area of at least 90 m2/g or greater sufficient to retain the size of the coalesced water droplets to allow separation thereof from the hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Ahlstrom Corporation
    Inventors: Christine M. Stanfel, Farina Diani Pangestu
  • Patent number: 8708162
    Abstract: Provided are nonwoven polymeric fiber webs using an improved curable composition. Such curable composition comprises an aldehyde or ketone and an amine salt of an inorganic acid. The composition when applied to polymeric fibers is cured to form a water-insoluble polymer binder which exhibits good adhesion and thermodimensional stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Kiarash Alavi Shooshtari, James Patrick Hamilton, Jawed Asrar
  • Patent number: 8708163
    Abstract: Provided are spunbond polyester mats using an improved curable composition. The curable composition comprises a reaction product of an amine and a reactant in the form of an amino-amide intermediate. To the amino-amide is added an aldehyde or ketone to form the curable binder composition. The composition when used as a binder in the mat is cured to form a water-insoluble binder which exhibits good adhesion and thermodimensional stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Kiarash Alavi Shooshtari, James Patrick Hamilton, Jawed Asrar
  • Publication number: 20140091034
    Abstract: Objects of the invention are to provide a solution in which polymer nanofibers are highly dispersed without undergoing gelation and precipitation, its fabrication process, and a polymer nanofiber membrane filter. Those objects are achievable by use of the nano-particulate fiber solution in which the nanoparticulate fibers 30 are dispersed in the poor solvent 42, wherein the nanoparticulate fibers each comprise an elongated segment in which a plurality of nanoparticles 11 are linked together and elongated, and a branching segment in which the elongated segment is branched off, and the polymer molecules are entangled up and aggregated with the molecule of the poor solvent 42 held between said polymer molecules. The polymer used herein should preferably have any one substituent of a hydroxyl group, an amino group or a fluoro group, as shown in FIG. 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Izumi Ichinose, Sadaki Samitsu, Qifeng Wang
  • Patent number: 8684189
    Abstract: Described is the application of layer-by-layer (LbL) electrostatic assembly techniques to electrospun nanofibers in order to fabricate novel, breathable electrospun fiber-based chemical and biological detoxifying protective fabrics and filters. The combination of layer-by-layer electrostatic assembly and electrospinning technique allows one to take advantage of high specific surface area, light weight and breathability of electrospun fiber mats while simultaneously providing the versatility to incorporate different functional polyelectrolytes to achieve multifunctional coatings for both chemical and biological protection together. The functionalized fiber mats can be incorporated into breathable chemical and biological protective fabrics, filters and masks. In addition, LbL electrostatic coating of porous non-woven materials provides the versatility to generate multifunctional polymer-based membrane materials for other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Liang Chen, Lev E. Bromberg, Trevor Alan Hatton, Gregory C. Rutledge
  • Patent number: 8678201
    Abstract: A potable water system (10) comprises a supply line (18) and a water-purification device (20) incorporated thereinto. The water-purification device (20) comprises a microorganism filter (40) having a housing (42) and replaceable cartridge (42). The cartridge's filter media (50) includes a microorganism-capturing membrane (e.g., comprising an electropositive material) and a microorganism-killing membrane (e.g., comprising a biocidal material).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Goodrich Corporation
    Inventor: Jin Hu
  • Patent number: 8663358
    Abstract: Filter media are provided having improved conductivity to enhance filtration efficiency and/or dissipate static charge, and methods for making the same. In one exemplary embodiment, the filter media can include a filtration substrate, and at least one conductive coating disposed on at least a portion of the filtration substrate. In use, the conductive coating is coupled to an energy source and it is effective to emit ions when energy is delivered thereto to increase the efficiency of the filtration substrate and/or to dissipate or eliminate static charge generated during filtration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hollingsworth & Vose Company
    Inventors: Wai M. Choi, Karin N. Soper
  • Patent number: 8658288
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a porous device with restrictive layer comprises the steps of providing a porous structure having a micro pore structure, flattening the porous carrier to form a surface, and forming a restrictive layer on the surface of the porous carrier, a method for manufacturing said restrictive layer includes forming a nickel-chromium alloy layer on the surface of the porous carrier, forming a copper metal layer on the nickel-chromium alloy layer, forming a nickel metal layer having a top surface on the copper metal layer, and processing said nickel-chromium alloy layer, said copper metal layer and said nickel metal layer to form a plurality of channels communicating with the micro pore structure and the top surface. The restrictive effect and damping effect can raise anti-vibration ability of the porous device itself by formation of dual restrictive structure composed of the micro pore structure and the channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Metal Industries Research & Development Centre
    Inventor: Kuo-Yu Chien
  • Patent number: 8651285
    Abstract: Provided are nonwoven polymeric fiber webs using an improved curable composition. Such curable composition comprises a reaction product of an amine and a reactant in the form of an amino-amide intermediate. To the amino-amide is added an aldehyde or ketone to form the curable binder composition. The composition when applied to the polymeric fibers is cured to form a water-insoluble polymer binder which exhibits good adhesion and thermo-dimensional stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Kiarash Alavi Shooshtari, James Patrick Hamilton, Jawed Asrar
  • Patent number: 8651286
    Abstract: Provided are spunbond polyester mats using an improved curable composition. Such curable composition comprises the reaction product of an aldehyde or ketone and an amine salt of an inorganic acid. The composition when applied to spunbond polyester continuous filaments is cured to form a water-insoluble polymer binder which exhibits good adhesion and thermodimensional stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Kiarash Alavi Shooshtari, James Patrick Hamilton, Jawed Asrar
  • Patent number: 8641796
    Abstract: Thermoplastic bicomponent binder fiber can be combined with other media, fibers and other filtration components to form a thermally bonded filtration media. The filtration media can be used in filter units, such as breather caps. Such filter units can be placed in the stream of a mobile fluid and can remove a particulate and/or fluid mist load from the mobile stream. The unique combination of media fiber, bicomponent binder fiber and other filtration additives and components provide a filtration media having unique properties in filtration applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Donaldson Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert M. Rogers, Keh B. Dema
  • Publication number: 20140021144
    Abstract: A filtering device and method is provided for filtering debris from liquid flowing over a surface. The device includes a flexible, liquid-permeable elongated body possessing a plurality of faces including a planar bottom face configured to rest on the surface. The liquid-permeable elongated body is formed of a plurality of compressed fibers and an adhesive bonding together the fibers. The device may be arranged on the ground on a construction site to inhibit loose debris from being washed away by rainwater into storm drains and nearby bodies of liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: Tryangle, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark James Lane
  • Patent number: 8613363
    Abstract: Disclosed is an integrated paper wherein the paper has capabilities and functionalities provided by both the fiber and the active agent ingredients, and a method of immobilizing the active agents within the integrated paper. The tight pore structure of the integrated paper of the present invention, a mean pore diameter of less than about 2 microns, provides short diffusion distances from a fluid to the surface of the paper ingredients by adsorption or diffusive interception making it an excellent medium for fluid filtration. The integrated paper of the present invention can further include a microbiological interception enhancing agent. The integrated paper can be formed using, preferably, wet laid paper-making processes for speed and efficiency. Also disclosed are devices utilizing the integrated paper useful in fluid filtration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: KX Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Evan E. Koslow
  • Publication number: 20130327705
    Abstract: Generally, in situ core/skin nonwoven materials may be produced from polymer melt filaments with collection in a heated collector. an in situ core/skin nonwoven material produced with heated collectors may have, at least, a core comprising a plurality of polymer melt filaments and a skin on at least one side of the core, which may advantageously translate to unique structural characteristics, properties, and applications not previously realized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Inventors: Edward J. Clark, Sanjay Wahal, Jeffrey S. Conley
  • Patent number: 8584871
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to solution electrospinning processes for fabricating fibers, to the fibers prepared thereby, and to non-woven webs, fabrics, porous composite filter media, and articles comprising the fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Inventors: Joey W. Storer, James F. Sturnfield, Leonardo C. Lopez, Rudolf J. Koopmans, Rene Broos, Wu Chen, Gerrit J. Brands
  • Publication number: 20130284668
    Abstract: A composition is disclosed that includes a water insoluble polymer, a polycarboxy functional polymer, and a water insoluble epoxide functional compound, the water insoluble polymer including at least one of polyvinyl acetate, vinyl acetate copolymer, styrene copolymer, acrylate copolymer, and polyurethane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: H.B. Fuller Company
    Inventor: WAYNE P. MILLER
  • Patent number: 8567611
    Abstract: The invention discloses a filtration material for desalination, including a support layer, and a desalination layer formed on the support layer, wherein the desalination layer is a fiber composite membrane and includes at least one water-swellable polymer. The water-swellable polymer is made of hydrophilic monomers and hydrophobic monomers, and the hydrophilic monomers include ionic monomers and non-ionic monomers, and the ionic monomers include cationic monomers and anionic monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Shu-Hui Cheng, Jong-Pyng Chen, En Kuang Wang, Yi-Chun Lo, Shan-Shan Lin
  • Patent number: 8567613
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon sequestering product, a method to obtain the product, and a method and a facility to sequester hydrocarbons, wherein the product comprises an oleophilic filamentous material that gets in contact with a medium contaminated by one or more hydrocarbons with the purpose of sequestrating the hydrocarbon(s) present in the medium to free it from said hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: R. Ciancaglini Y Asociados S.A.
    Inventor: Ricardo Horacio Ciancaglini
  • Publication number: 20130277297
    Abstract: The present invention aims to provide a leukocyte depletion filter that has both higher leukocyte removal performance and higher blood permeability than conventional filters. The leukocyte depletion filter according to the present invention includes a filter material having an average fiber diameter of 0.30 to 1.60 ?m and a coefficient of variation of fiber diameter of at least 0.40 but not more than 1.20.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2011
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ikuhiro Suzuki, Hiroshi Tone, Masaru Nakatani
  • Publication number: 20130270192
    Abstract: An immiscible lipophilic or hydrophilic liquid phase is separated respectively from a continuous hydrophilic or a lipophilic phase liquid. Fibers having hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties are formed into a filter. The separation mechanism involves coalescence of the small droplets into larger droplets as the immiscible liquid flows through the fiber filter, and release of the large immiscible droplets from the filter. With respect to separation of a hydrophilic immiscible fluid in a lipophilic continuous fluid, the hydrophobic fibers cause small water droplets to migrate towards the hydrophilic fibers whereby large droplets are formed on hydrophilic surface. The large droplets coalescence until they are so large that they are released and drained off of the filter. The filter media can be designed by mixing hydrophilic and hydrophobic fibers in various proportions to achieve an optimum wettability range for separation of the immiscible liquid from the continuous phase liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: The University of Akron
    Inventors: George Chase, Prashant Kulkami
  • Publication number: 20130264277
    Abstract: An antimicrobial filter is disclosed comprising at least two porous media: a first porous medium including silver particles in the bulk of the medium, disposed on a second porous medium suitable for capturing silver particles leached from the first medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: Pall Corporation
    Inventors: Erik HEIDENREICH, Wilfrid Klaus Wixwat, Richard Morris
  • Patent number: 8529759
    Abstract: An electric deionized water production apparatus in which a direct current field is applied to a deionizing chamber packed with an ion-exchange material such that ions to be discharged are allowed to migrate in the direction identical or opposite to the direction of the water flow in the ion-exchange material, whereby ionic impurities adsorbed in the ion-exchange material are discharged from the system, the ion-exchange material being a mixture of a monolith-shaped organic porous ion-exchange material and ion-exchange resin particles. The electric deionized water production apparatus has a simple structure that can reduce material cost, process cost, and assembly cost, capable of accelerating migration of the adsorbed ionic impurities to facilitate discharge of the adsorbed ions and free from a deflected flow due to swelling or shrinkage accompanying an ion-exchanging reaction, and from poor contact with an ion-exchange membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Organo Corporation
    Inventors: Naoyuki Tajima, Koji Yamanaka, Hiroshi Inoue, Akira Nakamura
  • Publication number: 20130213872
    Abstract: A treatment device for treating a potable liquid when submerged into the potable liquid, the treatment device including a porous enclosure enclosing an interior and filter media disposed in the interior of the porous enclosure and configured to adsorb impurities from the potable liquid entering the porous enclosure to yield a purified liquid that exits the porous enclosure, the filter media including activated carbon. In some examples, the treatment device is unaffixedly disposed in the potable liquid and/or is disposable. In some examples, the treatment device includes one or more pockets in the interior of the enclosure. Additionally or alternatively, the treatment device may include a strip incorporating filter media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventor: Patricia Phelan
  • Patent number: 8512569
    Abstract: Fluid filtration articles, including composite nonwoven fibrous webs, and methods of making and using such articles as gas or liquid filtration elements. The articles include a population of coarse microfibers having a population median diameter of at least 1 micrometer (?m) formed as a first layer, and a population of fine fibers having a population median diameter less than 10 ?m formed as a second layer adjoining the first layer. At least one of the fiber populations may be oriented. In one implementation, the coarse microfibers and fine fibers are polymeric, the coarse microfibers have a population median diameter of at least 10 ?m, and the fine fibers have a population median diameter less than 10 ?m. In another implementation, the population of fine fibers has a population median diameter less than 1 ?m. Optionally, one or both of the first and second layers may include particulates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Bradley W. Eaton, Michael R. Berrigan, William J. Feil, III
  • Patent number: 8512435
    Abstract: Thermoplastic bicomponent binder fiber can be combined with other media, fibers and other filtration components to form a thermally bonded filtration media. The filtration media can be used in filter units, such as breather caps. Such filter units can be placed in the stream of a mobile fluid and can remove a particulate and/or fluid mist load from the mobile stream. The unique combination of media fiber, bicomponent binder fiber and other filtration additives and components provide a filtration media having unique properties in filtration applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Donaldson Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert M. Rogers, Keh B. Dema
  • Publication number: 20130193063
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel nonwoven felt fabric, which is made of at least one low-melting-point short fiber and at least one high-melting-point short fiber of same type or different types, wherein the fabric is stiff enough to be self-sustaining and have the ability of shape maintenance. The felt fabric exhibits excellent pleatability, moldability and compressive strength. The invention also provides a method for producing the felt fabric, and a filter comprising the felt fabric used as the material of a filter medium of the filter, wherein the filter medium requires no support structure to stand alone and persistently retains its shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Inventors: Ying Yuk Ng, Gilbert Craig
  • Publication number: 20130168312
    Abstract: The disclosure discloses a filtration material for desalination, including: a support layer; a nanofiber layer formed on the support layer; a hydrophobic layer formed on the nanofiber layer; and a hydrophilic layer formed on the hydrophobic layer. The nanofiber layer includes ionic polymer, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polyacrylonitrile, (PAN), polyethersulfone (PES) or polyvinglidene fluoride (PVDF). The hydrophobic layer includes polypropylene (PP), polyvinglidene fluoride (PVDF), poly-dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) or epoxy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventors: Nai-Jung Chen, Kuei-Chien Chang, Shu-Hui Cheng, Wei-Cheng Tsai
  • Patent number: 8409448
    Abstract: An immiscible lipophilic or hydrophilic liquid phase separated respectively from a continuous hydrophilic phase or a lipophilic phase liquid. Fibers having hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties are mixed, layered, etc., and formed into a filter. The separation mechanism involves capture of small droplets of the immiscible phase, coalescence of the small droplets into larger droplets as the immiscible liquid flows through the fiber filter, and release of the large immiscible droplets from the filter. With respect to separation of a hydrophilic immiscible fluid such as water in a lipophilic continuous fluid such as oil, the hydrophobic fibers will cause small water droplets to migrate towards the hydrophilic fibers whereby large droplets are formed on hydrophilic surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventors: George Chase, Prashant Kulkarni
  • Patent number: 8404210
    Abstract: An iron composition having a plurality of elemental components is disclosed. The major component is an iron component of at least about 68% to about 92% iron by weight. Other components by weight include manganese; cerium; carbon; phosphorous; sulfur; aluminum; silicon; chromium; copper; and zinc. Combined with layers of sand, brick chips and/or charcoal, the iron composition can be used to create a water filter for filtering inorganic arsenic species and soluble metal ions out of water. To enhance hydrous ferric oxide complexation and precipitation, the iron composition may be treated with food grade acids or a water mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: George Mason Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventor: Abul Hussam
  • Patent number: 8388848
    Abstract: A liquid separation device is provided, and is capable of suppressing the lowering of filtration function due to an increase in flow channel resistance of permeated liquid which results in a separation membrane falling in a groove of a permeated liquid flow channel material along with accompanied breakage of the separation membrane surface. A permeated liquid flow channel material is disposed on the back side of a separation membrane composed of a sheet-like material having a linear groove and a linear crest alternately arrayed on one surface or both surfaces, wherein a groove width of the linear groove in the sheet-like material is 10 to 200 ?m, and a ratio of the groove width of the linear groove to the pitch of the linear groove is 0.45 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Yoshifumi Odaka, Toshimasa Katayama, Tsunemitsu Kitagawa
  • Patent number: 8365925
    Abstract: The instant invention generally provides a porous filter medium, a porous composite filter medium, a filter assembly, processes of making the same, and processes suitable for filtering contaminants from liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Inventors: Wu Chen, Daniel A. Alderman, Leonardo C. Lopez
  • Publication number: 20120312744
    Abstract: A filtration device for an aquarium comprising a filtering chamber for receiving water and a filter medium therein wherein said filter medium comprises fibers having a diameter from 0.1 nm to 3000 nm and an aspect ratio of length to diameter of 5:1 to 10,000 to 1 wherein said fibers provide for colonization of nitrosomonas bacterium and/or nitrobacteria.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: T.F.H. PUBLICATIONS, INC.
    Inventor: Glen S. AXELROD
  • Patent number: 8318062
    Abstract: An industrial absorbent and methods of manufacturing the same. In one embodiment, the industrial absorbent includes a first scrim made from at least one thermoplastic material; a second scrim made from at least one thermoplastic material; and a middle layer positioned between the first and second scrims. The middle layer includes a dry-laid web of fire-retardant treated cellulose and opened, individuated staple bicomponent fiber. At least some of the bicomponent fiber in the middle layer is thermally bonded to at least some of the cellulose in the middle layer, and the first and second scrims are thermally bonded to the middle layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Sellars Absorbent Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: John C. Sellars, William R. Sellars, Thomas C. Shutt
  • Publication number: 20120261358
    Abstract: Separation media, separation modules and methods are provided for separating water from a water and hydrocarbon emulsion and include a fibrous nonwoven coalescence layer for receiving the water and hydrocarbon emulsion and coalescing the water present therein as a discontinuous phase to achieve coalesced water droplets having a size of 1 mm or greater, and a fibrous nonwoven drop retention layer downstream of the coalescence layer having a high BET surface area of at least 90 m2/g or greater sufficient to retain the size of the coalesced water droplets to allow separation thereof from the hydrocarbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: AHLSTROM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Christine M. Stanfel, Farina Diani Pangestu
  • Patent number: 8281938
    Abstract: The invention discloses a nano-fiber material, wherein the nano-fiber material is formed by spinning an ionic polymer into a nano-fiber nonwoven, and the ionic polymer is represented by the formula: wherein: R1 includes phenyl sulfonate or alkyl sulfonate; R2 includes R3 includes and m/n is between 1/50 and 50/1, q?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Wen-Yi Chen, Shu-Hui Cheng, Feng-Hung Tseng
  • Publication number: 20120248034
    Abstract: Filtration media for filtering a liquid includes a plurality of fibers having a coating thereon of a fluorine containing compound. Also disclosed are processes for forming fibrous non-woven liquid filtration media having the coating of the fluorine containing compound. Suitable fluorine containing compounds generally include fluoropolymers, fluorinated hydrocarbons, fluoroacrylate polymers, and the like. The liquid filtration media having the coating of the fluorine containing compound provides markedly improved dirt holding capacity and efficiency properties, among others.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: LYDALL, INC.
    Inventors: PAUL N. SEGIT, ROBERT A. CHENEY, JR., DAVID R. LAMBERT