Passing Through Membrane In Vapor Phase Patents (Class 210/640)
  • Patent number: 11850555
    Abstract: A dual-layer membrane and a method for preparing thereof. By adding a modifying monomer containing an active group and a characteristic group to a dope solution or spinning solution during the preparation of the dual-layer membrane, the grafting reaction occurs between the active group of the monomer and the polymer in the dope solution or spinning solution, and the intermolecular interaction with other polymers is enhanced by the characteristic group of the monomer, to improve the miscibility between the polymers. The method is suitable for preparing both a dual-layer flat sheet membrane and a dual-layer hollow fiber membrane, and can realize the preparation of a dual-layer membrane with an interpenetrated structure at the interface under mild preparation conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2023
    Inventors: Shipeng Sun, Zhenyuan Wang, Zhengjun Fu, Mengmeng Tang, Dandan Shao, Weihong Xing
  • Patent number: 11820761
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to an organic compound having the following structure, and an organic light emitting diode (OLED) and an organic light emitting device including the organic compound. Applying the organic compound into an emissive layer makes the OLED and the organic light emitting device lower their driving voltage, improves their luminous efficiency and color purity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2023
    Assignee: LG Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mi-Sang Yoo, Kyung-Jin Yoon, Dae-Wi Yoon, In-Ae Shin, Suk-Young Bae
  • Patent number: 11779884
    Abstract: A reverse osmosis system for a seawater desalination system is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2021
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2023
    Inventors: Yong Hae Park, Wee Kwan Kang, Hye Ryun Ahn, Young Geun Lee
  • Patent number: 11674160
    Abstract: Methods, systems and compositions for producing at least one light-boiling, volatile, organic product using at least a portion of one or more carbon containing substances from a non-biosynthetic process in a biosynthetic process are provided. These methods, systems and compositions are useful in reducing waste treatment load of carbon containing chemical process waste streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2023
    Inventors: Gary Smith, Paul S. Pearlman, Gregory S. Kirby
  • Patent number: 11578628
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for recovering heat and water vapor from a waste gas stream. A waste gas passageway directs waste gas over a plurality of membrane tubes extending across the waste gas passageway. Each of the membrane tubes includes an internal passage separated from the waste gas passageway by a porous membrane. A water supply inlet manifold is connected to each of the plurality of membrane tubes, and configured to introduce water into the internal passages of the membrane tubes. A vacuum source is connected to the water side of the apparatus, and configured to adjust a pressure within the internal passages of the membrane tubes. The water within the internal passages receives heat and water vapor from the waste gas stream across the porous membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2023
    Inventor: Dexin Wang
  • Patent number: 11541344
    Abstract: An apparatus and system for separating a liquid from a mixed gas stream includes a porous graphite foam support comprising graphite foam with pores having a first pore size and a membrane support surface. A porous condensation membrane layer is provided on the membrane support surface, and interlocked with the pores of the graphite foam. The condensation membrane layer includes capillary condensation pores having a second pore size that is less than the first pore size. A mixed gas stream passageway is in fluid communication with the condensation membrane layer. A liquid collection assembly collects condensed liquid from the condensation pores and the graphite foam support pores. A gas inlet is provided for flowing the mixed gas stream into the mixed gas stream passageway. A gas outlet is provided for exhausting gas from the mixed gas stream passageway. A method for separating a liquid from a mixed gas stream is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2023
    Assignee: UT-BATTELLE, LLC
    Inventors: Brian L. Bischoff, James William Klett, Melanie Moses DeBusk
  • Patent number: 11511235
    Abstract: A filter assembly including a filtration medium comprising a nanofiber, having a three-dimensional network structure, and having a fiber web layer comprising a hydrophilic coating layer that covers at least a part of the outer surface of the nanofiber; and a first support body that supports the filtration medium, which is provided on both surfaces thereof, and has a channel formed therein. Accordingly, the filtration medium has excellent chemical resistance and improved hydrophilicity such that the flow rate can increase substantially. In addition, the improved hydrophilicity is maintained for a long period of time such that the utilization period can be extended substantially. Furthermore, any change in the pore structure of the filtration medium during the hydrophilicity endowing process is minimized such that the initially designed physical characteristics of the filtration medium can be fully exhibited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2022
    Assignee: Amogreentech Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ui Young Jeong, In Yong Seo
  • Patent number: 11471850
    Abstract: The present application concerns a microfluidic cassette for synthesizing a radiotracer including a microfluidic circuit in a support card that includes at least one intake for supply by a vial, at least one isotope port, at least one reaction chamber, at least one mixing chamber, at least one formulation chamber, and at least one connection for a syringe, linked together by capillaries. Also disclosed is a method for synthesizing a radiotracer in such a cassette.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2022
    Assignee: P M B
    Inventors: Virginie Hourtane, Laurent Tanguy, Florian Pineda
  • Patent number: 11471834
    Abstract: Provided is a filtration method that includes a cleaning step and involves the use of a porous membrane, wherein the filtration method offers exceptional resistance to cleaning solutions (chemicals) (chemical liquid resistance) and exceptional filtration performance, and has a long service life. A filtration method includes the following steps: a filtration step in which a liquid to be processed that contains a material to be filtered is passed through a porous membrane configured from a resin having a three-dimensional mesh structure, and a filtrate is separated from the material to be filtered; and a cleaning step in which the porous membrane has a cleaning solution passed therethrough or is immersed in the cleaning solution so that the interior of the porous membrane is cleaned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2022
    Inventor: Daisuke Okamura
  • Patent number: 11447436
    Abstract: A process and system to control the final product quality in a system for separating olefins and paraffins in a membrane system. A small finishing membrane stage is added to an existing membrane system that takes a slip stream from the product, purifies it to a very high concentration of propylene and blends it back into the product stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Chunqing Liu, Trung Pham, Charles P Luebke, Carl Liskey
  • Patent number: 11434150
    Abstract: Embodiments provide methods and structures for purification or volume reduction of a brine by an advanced vacuum distillation process (AVMD) to achieve higher flux by passage of vapors through an AVMD distillation unit. In one example, brine is circulated in a tank. The tank may include one or more membrane pouches that are submerged in the circulating brine or placed above the water level of the hot circulating brine. In other embodiments the membrane pouches are outside of the tank that includes the hot circulating brine but still in communication with it. The circulating brine is heated, allowing creation of water vapor. Using a vacuum, the water vapor is drawn through the membrane, where it may be condensed and subjected to further beneficial use. This process can concentrate to levels to generate crystals or solids, which can be separated and utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Inventors: Ravi Chidambaran, Pavan Raina, Narendra Singh Bisht, Santosh Venkatesh Bhinge
  • Patent number: 11426675
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides processes and systems for heat integration in ethanol production. In one embodiment, a feed mixture is distilled with one or more distillation units to remove at least a portion of the water, and form a distillation unit bottom stream, a vaporous overhead stream, and a fusel oil stream. Molecular sieve units are regenerated by vacuum or a combination of vacuum and optionally a portion of the product stream to form one or more regenerate streams. A feed tank is configured to receive at least one selected from a condensed portion of the regenerate streams and a portion of a vaporous depressure stream, to form a feed stream. The energy contained in the depressure vapor is recovered by the depressure vapor contacting the feed tank and heating up at least one stream forwarded into the feed tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Inventors: Virginia Andrade, Jin Ming Zhou, Stephan RĂ¼diger Blum
  • Patent number: 11413581
    Abstract: Devices and techniques may improve the permeate productivity in membrane distillation separation by modifying the feed and/or coolant sides of a membrane distillation module depending on the membrane distillation configuration. The bubbling of a carrier gas through the feed liquid in the feed liquid side of the module can increase the turbulent dissipation rate and/or enhance mass transfer across the membrane pores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2022
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Wail Sulaiman Falath, Dahiru Umar Lawal
  • Patent number: 11331627
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to systems and methods for distilling a fluid by exposing the fluid to a porous membrane that includes a surface capable of generating heat. In some embodiments, the heat generated at the surface propagates the distilling of the fluid by converting the fluid to a vapor that flows through the porous membrane and condenses to a distillate. In some embodiments, the surface capable of generating heat is associated with a photo-thermal composition that generates the heat at the surface by converting light energy from a light source to thermal energy. In some embodiments, the photo-thermal composition includes, without limitation, noble metals, semiconducting materials, dielectric materials, carbon-based materials, composite materials, nanocomposite materials, nanoparticles, hydrophilic materials, polymers, fibers, meshes, fiber meshes, hydrogels, hydrogel meshes, nanomaterials, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2022
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Qilin Li, Jinjian Wu, Nancy C. Halas, Katherine R. Zodrow, Haoli Guo, Jiarui Xu, Cong Yu
  • Patent number: 11260348
    Abstract: A dehydration method is a dehydration method for selectively separating water from a mixture that contains water, using a zeolite membrane having an AFX structure, and the method includes a step of supplying the mixture to a supply side space of the zeolite membrane having an AFX structure, and a step of making a pressure difference between the supply side space and a permeation side space of the zeolite membrane having an AFX structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Noda, Makoto Miyahara, Katsuya Shimizu, Takeshi Hagio
  • Patent number: 11235284
    Abstract: This document describes systems and methods for treating and recovering water from feed solutions using a membrane module that has a plurality of hollow fiber membranes encapsulated in a collection chamber and an expansion chamber that is connected to the outlet of the membrane module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2022
    Inventor: James Selvaraj Antony Prince
  • Patent number: 11193873
    Abstract: Provided is a method of calculating a tortuous hydraulic diameter of a porous medium for laminar flow and turbulent flow considering a geometric feature and a friction loss feature. A method of calculating a tortuous hydraulic diameter of a porous medium, according to an embodiment of the present invention, includes providing porosity and a specific surface area of a porous medium, calculating a hydraulic diameter of the porous medium by using the porosity and the specific surface area, calculating tortuosity of the porous medium, and calculating a tortuous hydraulic diameter corresponding to a function of tortuosity, by using the hydraulic diameter and the tortuosity of the porous medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2021
    Inventor: Chang Hoon Shin
  • Patent number: 11111473
    Abstract: A method for producing products, advantageously solvents, is by fermentation, advantageously multi-stage fermentation. The fermentation is complemented with pervaporation as in situ product recovery technology, combined with a multistage condensation of the permeate. The condensates are separately introduced in the downstream processing to recover the produced products, advantageously solvents. The method for producing products, advantageously solvents, by fermentation is simplified and has an overall improved energy efficiency. A related system uses method for producing products, advantageously solvents, is by fermentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Inventors: Wouter Van Hecke, Helene De Wever, Lambertus Bouwman
  • Patent number: 11112377
    Abstract: Disclosed are devices for determining an analyte concentration (e.g., glucose). The devices comprise a sensor configured to generate a signal associated with a concentration of an analyte and a sensing membrane located over the sensor. The sensing membrane comprises an enzyme layer, wherein the enzyme layer comprises an enzyme and a polymer comprising polyurethane and/or polyurea segments and one or more zwitterionic repeating units. The enzyme layer protects the enzyme and prevents it from leaching from the sensing membrane into a host or deactivating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: DexCom, Inc.
    Inventors: Shanger Wang, Ted Tang Lee, Jiong Zou
  • Patent number: 11041665
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for heat transfer from a process fluid, such as humid air, to liquid droplets that are generated by contact of a heat transfer surface with the process fluid. The heat transfer surface rapidly ejects liquid droplets, which may then be coalesced and removed, thereby cooling the process fluid. Enhanced methods of condensate collection are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: Nelumbo Inc.
    Inventors: Lance R. Brockway, David C. Walther
  • Patent number: 10982987
    Abstract: Device for metering powder, in particular in clean-rooms, which includes a vessel containing powder and a sealing head with a septum for the vessel, wherein the sealing head is connectable powder-tight with the vessel and the septum powder-tight with the sealing head and the device further includes a vessel holder, which serves to hold the sealing head of the vessel, and the vessel with its opening points downwards, so that the powder can flow out of the vessel, wherein a gap is provided between the sealing head and a holding bowl of the vessel holder, in which a gas flow between the holding bowl and the sealing head can be created. The invention also relates to a use of the device and a metered addition method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2021
    Assignee: ANCOSYS GMBH
    Inventors: Juerg Stahl, Irene Popova, Christian Rueckl
  • Patent number: 10888824
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for treating a surface of a filled microporous membrane. The microporous membrane includes a polyolefinic matrix, inorganic filler distributed throughout the matrix, and a network of interconnecting pores throughout the membrane. The method includes sequentially (1) contacting at least one surface of the membrane with a treatment composition of a silane-functional polyamine compound having at least one alkoxy silane group, such that the silane-functional polyamine compound is in intimate contact with the filler present in the matrix; and (2) subjecting the membrane of (1) to conditions sufficient to effect a condensation reaction between the inorganic filler and the silane-functional polyamine compound. Treated membranes also are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Qunhui Guo, James C. Peters, Luciano M. Parrinello, Linda K. Anderson
  • Patent number: 10875795
    Abstract: The present disclosure is in the field of chemical sciences. The present disclosure relates to a process for removal of anion from aqueous solution. The process involves removal of sulphate ion from aqueous solution using cation and organic solvent that enables precipitation of the sulphate ion from the aqueous solution. The process is simple, efficient, cost-effective, ecofriendly, enables recovery of sulphate ions, calcium ions as calcium sulphate with high purity and also enables the recovery of organic solvent in the range of about 88% to about 99%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Inventors: Chintansinh Dharmendrasinh Chudasama, Sumeet Kumar Sharma, Kalpana Gopalakrishnan, Nagesh Sharma, Raksh Vir Jasra
  • Patent number: 10780402
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a membrane can include forming the membrane from a dissolved polymer in the presence of a functionalizing agent; and exposing the functionalizing agent to a nanoparticle to form a modified membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Inventors: Suzana Nunes, Iran D. Charry Prada
  • Patent number: 10704451
    Abstract: In one embodiment, there is provided a heat exchanger for equipment, having: at least one phase change material; and at least one heat exchange interface for heat exchange between the phase change material and a fluid flowing within, into and/or from a replaceable fluid container for the equipment, the replaceable fluid container having at least one fluid port adapted to couple to a fluid circulation system of the equipment when the replaceable container is coupled to a dock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventor: Timothy Hugh Lake
  • Patent number: 10702830
    Abstract: A thermal water purification system and a related method including distilling units consecutively flowed through by raw feed liquid, each having a boiling liquid section and a vapor section, and including a heat exchanger cavity adapted to transfer thermal energy to the raw feed liquid before entering the boiling liquid section of a first distilling unit. Heat exchanger tubes in fluidic communication with the heat exchanger cavity extend through the boiling liquid section of the first distilling unit to transfer thermal energy from a medium in the tubes to cause the raw feed liquid to boil. Preheating tubes extend through the vapor section of each distilling unit to heat the raw feed liquid before entering the boiling sections using thermal energy from vapor condensing against external surfaces of the preheating tubes, which produces the distillate liquid that flows through a discharge port and a conduit supplying a storage tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)
    Inventors: Chin Lee Ong, John R. Thome
  • Patent number: 10697412
    Abstract: The present application is directed to systems and methods for on-board fuel separation. The system includes: a source fuel tank for liquid fuel; a pump; and a membrane module. The membrane module includes a hydrophilic membrane, a retentate channel, and a permeate channel. The retentate and permeate channels are on opposing sides of the membrane. The membrane module receives fuel from the source fuel tank and separates the liquid fuel into a high octane fraction that collects in the retentate channel and a low octane fraction that diffuses through the membrane to the permeate channel. The system further includes a low octane fuel tank for receiving at least a portion of the low octane fraction, a high octane fuel tank for receiving at least a portion of the high octane fraction, and an engine configured to selectively receive at least a portion of the low and high octane fractions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Esam Z. Hamad, Husain A. Baaqel
  • Patent number: 10596525
    Abstract: A composition of five parts by mass of chitosan and one part graphene oxide is suspended in water. The composition may be used to form filtration layers of any size or shape and may be reinforced by additional layers. The composition may be used to construct a large filtration apparatus of any size or shape and may be used to form highly resilient, antimicrobial structures and surfaces for a variety of applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Inventors: Victor F Medina, Christopher S Griggs, Jose Mattei-Sosa, Brooke Petery, Luke Gurtowski
  • Patent number: 10583395
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a forward osmosis system/process utilized primarily in conjunction with a subsurface irrigation system/process. Saline wastewater or naturally saline water is treated using forward osmosis membranes that draw at least partially purified water from the wastewater into an osmotic draw solution (draw solution). The resulting diluted osmotic draw solution is then circulated through the subsurface irrigation system including one or more tubular membranes that reject the draw solution while permitting water in the diluted draw solution to pass through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: KC Harvey Environmental, LLC
    Inventors: Jonathan A. Brant, Kevin Harvey
  • Patent number: 10577269
    Abstract: A system and method for effectively desalinating a feed stream is provided. In one embodiment, a feed stream is desalinated by a Brine Forward (BF) desalination system comprising an enabling de-scaling step combined with a plurality of trains arranged in series and alternated in pairs of opposing feed evaporation modes, wherein each pair comprises a leading backward fed multi-effect train and a following forward fed multi-effect train. This system is structured on the grounds of simplicity and homogeneity, without using scale inhibitors and restricting top brine temperature. This system is a close approximation of efficient regenerative heating and brine cascading; the energy extracted to heat the feed is only slightly hotter than the feed it is heating without complex feed heating setups; and the brine extracted after evaporating vapor in the train is used to evaporate vapor in the next train, yet reject brine is readily reusable in other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Inventor: Mansour S. Bader
  • Patent number: 10577257
    Abstract: A method and system for effectively desalinating a feed stream is provided. In one embodiment, a feed stream is desalinated by a Brine Forward (BF) desalination system, which comprises an enabling de-scaling step combined with a plurality of multi-stage flash (MSF) trains arranged in series, wherein the de-scaling step is conducted within a MSF first train at a top temperature. With the aid of the de-scaling step, the system obviates or reduces many of the well known disadvantages of the desalination practice along with their expenditures and environmental burdens. The elimination of otherwise intractable substantial operating and silent environmental costs of such disadvantages, in itself, may over defray the de-scaling step's cost and with greater benefits to the overall system's performance and distillate production. Furthermore, all of the products from the de-scaling step are commercially viable, and if desirable or necessary, all of the de-scaling step's additives are also recyclable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Inventor: Mansour S. Bader
  • Patent number: 10569223
    Abstract: Membrane distillation (MD) systems include at least two MD modules arranged in series, each of at least two MD modules including a condensing media inlet operable to receive a condensing media and a condensing media outlet, a feed inlet operable to receive a feed media and a feed outlet, and a first heating element positioned and operable to heat a feed prior to or upon introduction of the feed to a first of the at least two MD modules, wherein a stream exiting the feed outlet of the first of the at least two MD modules is introduced to the second of the at least two MD modules. Other MD systems include at least two MD modules arranged in parallel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Inventors: Somenath Mitra, Sagar Roy
  • Patent number: 10478778
    Abstract: A composite membrane for selectively separating (e.g., pervaporating) a first fluid (e.g., first liquid such as a high octane compound) from a mixture comprising the first fluid (e.g., first liquid such as a high octane compound) and a second fluid (e.g., second liquid such as gasoline). The composite membrane includes a porous substrate comprising opposite first and second major surfaces, and a plurality of pores. A pore-filling polymer is disposed in at least some of the pores so as to form a layer having a thickness within the porous substrate. The composite membrane further includes at least one of: (a) an ionic liquid mixed with the pore-filling polymer; or (b) an amorphous fluorochemical film disposed on the composite membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Jinsheng Zhou, Ryan C. Shirk, David Scott Seitz, Moses M. David
  • Patent number: 10471368
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a combined C3/C4 splitter with a membrane system. More specifically, the present invention relates to a combined C3/C4 splitter column to separate highly pure propylene product from a liquefied petroleum gas stream, which eliminates a C3 splitter having over 120 trays and the additional equipment that a C3 splitter requires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Inventors: Stanley J. Frey, Chunqing Liu, Trung Pham
  • Patent number: 10472306
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a combined C3/C4 splitter with a membrane system. More specifically, the present invention relates to a combined C3/C4 splitter column to separate highly pure propylene product from a liquefied petroleum gas stream, which eliminates a C3 splitter having over 120 trays and the additional equipment that a C3 splitter requires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Inventors: Stanley J. Frey, Chunqing Liu, Trung Pham
  • Patent number: 10456722
    Abstract: A system for use in a gas turbine engine fuel supply has an internal fuel filter having an internal bore and an external surface. A chamber within the internal bore of the fuel filter for receives a fuel and allows fuel to pass radially outwardly across the fuel filter. An oxygen removal unit is outwardly of the external surface of the fuel filter, such that fuel passes through the fuel filter, encounters the oxygen removal unit such that oxygen can be removed from the fuel, an outlet port for removed oxygen, and a separate outlet port for fuel having passed over the fuel filter and the oxygen removal unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
    Inventor: Gerald P. Dyer
  • Patent number: 10450212
    Abstract: There is provided herein a system and method for de-toxifying and de-scaling source water. In some embodiments, source water will be mixed with either an aluminum source or an iron source to separate endotoxins from acidic proteins and convert the naturally present bicarbonate in source water to carbon dioxide. Endotoxins and carbon dioxide will then be removed from source water by a stage of hydrophobic membranes to produce de-toxified and de-carbonated source water. Calcium hydroxide will be mixed with the de-toxified and de-carbonated source water to form precipitates comprising foulants and sulfate. A recoverable and reusable amine solvent will also be used to induce efficient precipitation. Possible reuse applications for the treated source water by the inventive methods that minimize excessive uses of potable water may include hydro-fracturing of shale and sand formations and heavy oil recovery by steam injection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Inventor: Mansour S. Bader
  • Patent number: 10427957
    Abstract: Separation processes using osmotically driven membrane systems are disclosed generally involving the extraction of solvent from a first solution to concentrate solute by using a second concentrated solution to draw the solvent from the first solution across a semi-permeable membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: OASYS WATER LLC
    Inventors: Nathan T. Hancock, Marek S. Nowosielski-Slepowron
  • Patent number: 10414667
    Abstract: A process for the recovery of sodium sulfate from water, in particular from water deriving from a silica manufacturing process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Inventors: Dominique Horbez, Enrico Drioli
  • Patent number: 10392329
    Abstract: A method and a device for condensing a water-soluble organic matter, which can collect a highly concentrated water-soluble organic matter, save energy, and reduce cost of the device by reducing a membrane area. According to the present invention, the permeability ratio of a vapor-permeation separation membrane disposed at least immediately before a final outlet on a non-permeation side in the separation membrane device is lower than those of the other vapor-permeation separation membranes while a hybrid process combining distillation by the distillation column with membrane separation by the separation membrane devices including a plurality of vapor-permeation separation membranes is used and energy saving performance is maintained. Therefore, a highly concentrated and condensed component of a water-soluble organic matter is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Inventors: Masahiko Matsukata, Kenichi Kawazuishi, Kenichi Mimura
  • Patent number: 10390500
    Abstract: Presented herein are membranes for use in separating solids including salts from water. One application of such membranes is in a sub-surface irrigation system that that utilizes a saline or tainted water as a feed source. In various embodiments, the membranes operate on a solution diffusion principle. In other embodiments the membranes operate on an ultrafiltration principle and/or a solution diffusion principle. In any embodiment, the membranes operate similar to pervaporation membranes suitable for non-pressure driven systems. The membranes are designed to provide increased flux rate while separating solids such as salts from water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Inventors: Jonathan A. Brant, Kevin Harvey
  • Patent number: 10377696
    Abstract: An apparatus for separating dimethyl carbonate using pervaporation includes: an atmospheric distillation column and a high pressure distillation column distilling a mixture containing dimethyl carbonate and methanol and separating dimethyl carbonate from the mixture; and a pervaporation membrane module disposed between the atmospheric distillation column and the high pressure distillation column and allowing for permeation of the methanol to separate the methanol from the mixture, thereby reducing heat consumption and a process cost as compared to the case of only using an existing pressure swing distillation method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Inventors: Joon-Hyun Baik, Jaap Ferdinand Vente, Anatolie Motelica
  • Patent number: 10359012
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine includes, in addition to an LPL-EGR system, two water vapor separation film modules for fresh air and for EGR gas. One module 34 is connected to a pressure reducing pump 40 through a suction passage 38. Other module 36 is connected to a pressure reducing pump 44 through a suction passage 42. A condenser 54 that condenses water vapor that flows through the suction passage 38 is provided in the suction passage 38. A water tank 56 that temporarily accumulates condensed water that is discharged from the condenser 54 is provided on a downstream side relative to the condenser 54. The water tank 56 is connected to injectors 60 that inject water from the water tank 56 into intake ports of respective cylinders or into respective cylinders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Kazuki Kikuchi
  • Patent number: 10308529
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a desalination apparatus and a desalination method using the same. In one specific embodiment, the desalination apparatus comprises: a forward osmosis unit having a draw-solution part into which seawater flows, and a raw water part into which raw water flows, and having an osmosis membrane, formed between the draw solution part and the raw water part, so as to respectively generate first treated water and first concentrated water; a capacitive deionization unit, which is connected to the draw solution part through a first inflow passage, and into which the first treated water of the draw solution part flows so as to generate second treated water; and an electrodialysis unit, which is connected to the raw water part through a second inflow passage, and into which the first concentrated water of the raw water part flows so as to generate third treated water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Korea Electric Power Corporation
    Inventors: Pill Yang Park, Jae Bong Lee, Seok Won Yoon, Ki Hyoung Kim, Kyu Il Kim
  • Patent number: 10252923
    Abstract: Water treatment systems including electrically-driven and pressure-driven separation apparatus configured to produce a first treated water suitable for use as irrigation water and a second treated water suitable for use as potable water from one of brackish water and seawater and methods of operation of same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Gary C. Ganzi, Evgeniya Freydina, Anil D. Jha, Li-Shiang Liang, Frederick C. Wilkins
  • Patent number: 10227433
    Abstract: A variety of polycycloalkyl polynorbornene monomers and polymers derived therefrom are disclosed and claimed. The polymers and copolymers as disclosed herein are useful for forming pervaporation membranes, among other uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: PROMERUS, LLC
    Inventors: Andrew Bell, Leah Langsdorf, Oleksandr Burtovyy
  • Patent number: 10179310
    Abstract: A natural-gas purification apparatus includes: a compressor that adjusts the pressure of natural gas, and a separation device that separates natural-gas liquid and carbon dioxide from the natural gas after the pressure adjustment by the compressor through a natural-gas-liquid separation membrane and a carbon-dioxide separation membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Inventors: Wataru Matsubara, Masayuki Eda, Shintaro Honjo, Susumu Okino, Hiromi Nakatani, Masaki Yushima
  • Patent number: 10174404
    Abstract: Nanofiltration can be used to improve a hydrometallurgical process in which valuable metal is extracted from ore or tailings by leaching with a suitable lixiviant. The process requires at least two nanofiltration subsystems in which raffinate from a solvent extraction process is treated in a nanofiltration subsystem, after which permeate therefrom is combined with a pregnant solution stream and is treated in a second nanofiltration subsystem. This arrangement can lead to advantages in the amount of lixiviant recovered, in the raw materials required, in the effluent produced, in the size of plant, and in overall cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Chemetics Inc.
    Inventors: Siamak Lashkari, Felix Mok, Ganapathy Ramasubbu, Anthony Mumba
  • Patent number: 10143971
    Abstract: A system for crystallizing a material that is dissolved in a solvent includes: a crystallization device through which a solution that is to be concentrated flows, the solution including the solvent containing the material to be crystallized and dissolved in the solvent, and a liquid having a lower temperature than the solution to be concentrated. The system includes at least one flow channel guiding the solution to be concentrated and at least one flow channel guiding the liquid, where the inner space of each respective flow channel guiding the liquid is delimited at least in part by a membrane wall that is permeable for the vaporous solvent, where a vapor pressure difference enables the solvent to pass from the solution to be concentrated across the membrane wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Major Bravo Limited
    Inventor: Wolfgang Heinzl
  • Patent number: 10054022
    Abstract: An exhaust after-treatment system for treating an exhaust produced by an engine. The exhaust after-treatment system includes an exhaust passage, at least one catalytic exhaust after-treatment component in communication with the exhaust passage for treating the exhaust, and a water-removal device in communication with the exhaust passage that receives a portion of the exhaust therein at a location positioned upstream from the catalytic exhaust after-treatment component. The water-removal device is defined by a housing that includes a water-removal membrane that separates water from the portion of the exhaust to provide a permeate that is enriched with water, and to produce a retentate that is water depleted that facilitates the treating of the exhaust by the catalytic exhaust after-treatment component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.
    Inventor: Michael C. Bradford