Including Recycling Patents (Class 210/712)
  • Patent number: 10589188
    Abstract: A method includes supplying a supersaturated brine stream having a plurality of minerals and anti-scalant from a water treatment system to a gypsum removal system disposed within a mineral removal system. The gypsum removal system includes a gypsum reactor that may receive the supersaturated brine, may deactivate the anti-scalant such that gypsum precipitates from the supersaturated brine, and may generate a gypsum slurry having a mixture of desupersaturated brine, precipitated gypsum, and the anti-scalant in solution with the desupersaturated brine. The method also includes supplying gypsum seed crystals to the gypsum reactor. The gypsum seed crystals may precipitate the gypsum from the supersaturated brine to generate the gypsum slurry. The method also includes directing a first portion of the gypsum slurry from the gypsum reactor to a gypsum settler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Enviro Water Minerals Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul Steven Wallace
  • Patent number: 10486994
    Abstract: A method for treating, and recovering phosphate compounds from, phosphate-containing wastewater. The method includes the steps of: (a) removing fluoride from the wastewater; (b) recovering a phosphate compound from the wastewater by maintaining supersaturation conditions for the phosphate compound; and (c) polishing the wastewater. A silica removal step may be optionally performed after step (a) and before step (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Ostara Nutrient Recovery Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Pierre Cote, Ahren Britton, Ram Prasad Melahalli Sathyanarayana, Rhonda Maria Hyslop
  • Patent number: 10280364
    Abstract: A system and method of decreasing contaminant concentration in an oilfield brine fluid, such as a high density completions fluid, that includes mixing the oilfield brine fluid with chlorine dioxide (ClO2). The oilfield brine fluid includes dissolved contaminant, such as iron, and one or more dissolved salts, such as selected from the group consisting of NaCl, NaBr, CaCl2, CaBr2, and ZnBr2. The mixing is for a time sufficient for the ClO2 to react with at least one component of the oilfield brine fluid to form precipitated contaminant without reacting to the one or more salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: WDWTechnologies LLC
    Inventor: William D. Woodul
  • Patent number: 10190030
    Abstract: This invention relates to treated geothermal brine compositions containing reduced concentrations of lithium, iron and silica compared to the untreated brines. Exemplary compositions contain concentration of lithium ranges from 0 to 200 mg/kg, concentration of silica ranges from 0 to 30 mg/kg, concentration of iron ranges from 0 to 300 mg/kg. Exemplary compositions also contain reduced concentrations of elements like arsenic, barium, and lead.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Alger Alternative Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, John Burba
  • Patent number: 9995121
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for selective removal of silica and silicon containing compounds from solutions that include silica and silicon containing compounds, including geothermal brines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: Alger Alternative Energy, LLC
    Inventor: Stephen Harrison
  • Patent number: 9868079
    Abstract: The present invention relates to filtration of liquids, such as water, containing substances that desirably should be removed from the liquids. The invention relates in particular to a filtration cake, being produced in situ of a cleaning system from substances that desirably should be filtered away. Particular preferred embodiments of the present invention relate to treatment of waste water, where an activated sludge is provided, which sludge contains activated sludge flocs. These flocs are accumulated on a fluid penetrable support structure to form a layer of flocs, which subsequently is compressed to form a filter of desired properties. The invention also relates to adapting waste water—or other liquids containing biodegradable substances—to optimized biodegradation and filtration by deflocculating flocs in an activated sludge during or before a biodegradation step and subsequently promoting re-flocculation prior to filtering or other means of biomass separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: Grudfos Holding A/S
    Inventors: Dominik Marek Dominiak, Tom Bjerregaard Jæger
  • Patent number: 9758717
    Abstract: A system and method of decreasing contaminant concentration in an oilfield brine fluid, such as a high density completions fluid, that includes mixing the oilfield brine fluid with chlorine dioxide (ClO2). The oilfield brine fluid includes dissolved contaminant, such as iron, and one or more dissolved salts, such as selected from the group consisting of NaCl, NaBr, CaCl2, CaBr2, and ZnBr2. The mixing is for a time sufficient for the ClO2 to react with at least one component of the oilfield brine fluid to form precipitated contaminant without reacting to the one or more salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: WDWTechnologies LLC
    Inventor: William D. Woodul
  • Patent number: 9539529
    Abstract: A method for reclaiming and reusing a substantial portion of the waste water creating during the backwashing of a pool filter. The system uses a separate floating debris filter to remove solids before pumping the waste water into a sediment retention tank. The waste water is stored in the sediment retention tank for about a day, during which time the suspended solids settle to the bottom. The water in the sediment retention tank is then pumped back into the circulating pool system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Inventor: Stanton Jeffery Mullis
  • Patent number: 9193610
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods, apparatuses, and systems for treating water. The methods, apparatuses and systems reduce scaling associated with solubilized water hardness using a sequence of water treatment agents, including a first threshold agent shedding weak cation exchange resin and a second magnesium compound conversion agent water treatment. The system or apparatus and methods according to the invention provide synergistic reduction of hard water scaling and elimination of cementing on the insoluble magnesium compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: ECOLAB USA, INC.
    Inventors: Kim R. Smith, Lee Monsrud, Keith E. Olson, Kristen Mills, Erik C. Olson, Erin J. Dahlquist
  • Patent number: 9132363
    Abstract: An extraction apparatus comprises an extraction vessel configured to remove an extracted material from a source material in contact with a process fluid to form a mixture. The apparatus further comprises a separation chamber and a process fluid circulation conduit, the conduit comprising a separation portion configured to receive the mixture and permit a portion of the extracted material to separate from the mixture within the separation chamber. The apparatus further comprises a temperature regulator configured to permit re-circulation of a temperature regulation fluid and regulate the temperature of the process fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: APEKS LLC
    Inventor: Andrew Paul Joseph
  • Patent number: 9051827
    Abstract: A method for selective removal and recovery of silica and silicon containing compounds from solutions that include silica and silicon containing compounds, including geothermal brines. Also included are methods of preventing silica scale buildup in the geothermal power equipment and processes employing geothermal brines by the selective removal of silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: Simbol Mining Corporation
    Inventor: Stephen Harrison
  • Publication number: 20150125212
    Abstract: The present invention relates to floating lakes and to the treatment of the water in such lakes. The present invention further relates to large floating lakes that can be installed within a natural or artificial water body to improve water conditions that are unsuitable for recreational uses. The floating lake can be provided with a chemical application system; a filtration system including a mobile suctioning device and filters; a skimmer system, and optionally a coordination system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Fernando Benjamin FISCHMANN
  • Publication number: 20150122740
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates, according to some embodiments, to systems and methods of fluid treatment systems. Fluid treatment systems and methods thereof may be operable to remove contaminants and optionally reduce hardness. A fluid treatment system may comprise a feed stream configured to provide a contaminated fluid, a concentrate tank configured to receive the contaminated fluid from the feed stream, a filtration unit configured to receive the contaminated fluid from the concentrate tank, and a permeate stream operable to receive a treated fluid from the filtration unit. A concentrate tank may be operable to reduce hardness of the contaminated fluid. A filtration unit may be operable to filter contaminants from the contaminated fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Anthony L. Powell, Brian E. Butters
  • Publication number: 20150083577
    Abstract: Systems and methods related to the desalination of aqueous solutions containing one or more dissolved salts are generally described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: Gradiant Corporation
    Inventors: Prakash Narayan Govindan, Steven Lam, Maximus G. St. John, Mark Zaloudek, Anurag Bajpayee
  • Publication number: 20150060368
    Abstract: A method of treating a wastewater is provided and can be used, for example, to treat a gas well production wastewater to form a wastewater brine. The method can involve crystallizing sodium chloride by evaporation of the wastewater brine with concurrent production of a liquor comprising calcium chloride solution. Bromine and lithium can also be recovered from the liquor in accordance with the teachings of the present invention. Various metal sulfates, such as barium sulfate and strontium sulfate, can be removed from the wastewater in the production of the wastewater brine. Sources of wastewater can include gas well production wastewater and hydrofracture flowback wastewater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventor: Timothy Edward KEISTER
  • Patent number: 8969426
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the recovery of nylon from co-mingled materials (e.g., carpet) with reduced or eliminated ash (e.g., calcium carbonate) contamination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Dynasep Inc.
    Inventors: Brian J. Waibel, David J. Lawrence
  • Patent number: 8951422
    Abstract: A device is disclosed for the separation of liquid-liquid phase and/or a liquid-gas phase where one or more of the phases is suspended in water and has a bubble/drop/particle size in the sub micron and micron range, and/or fine particular organic or inorganic material is present in one or more of the phases. There is also disclosed a method and use for the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sorbwater Technology AS
    Inventor: Atle Mundheim
  • Patent number: 8950589
    Abstract: A device is disclosed for the separation of liquid-liquid phase and/or a liquid-gas phase where one or more of the phases is suspended in water and has a bubble/drop/particle size in the sub micron and micron range, and/or fine particular organic or inorganic material is present in one or more of the phases. There is also disclosed a method and use for the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sorbwater Technology AS
    Inventor: Atle Mundheim
  • Patent number: 8946309
    Abstract: Process to generate synthesis gas and/or liquid raw materials and/or energy materials from waste and/or biomass by performing the following steps: a) solvolysis of the organic components of waste and/or biomass in an alkaline solution or hydrate smelter at a temperature range of 150° to 250° C. and pressure between 3 and 12 bar, whereby the organic components are converted into at least one liquid phase and the inorganic components are sedimented; b) elimination of the inorganic components from the liquid phase by physical separation methods; c) transfer of the vapors generated during the solvolysis into a rectification column, where the organic components are separated from water; and d) further separation of the organic components by rectification, extraction and sorption and/or conversion by thermal gasification into synthesis gas or burnable gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Inventors: Wenzel Bergmann, Thomas Müller
  • Patent number: 8939077
    Abstract: A wiping device includes an intaglio cylinder, a cylinder cleaning device, and a wiping liquid supply device. The intaglio cylinder is rotatably supported. The cylinder cleaning device removes excess ink adhered to an outer surface of the intaglio cylinder. The wiping liquid supply device supplies a wiping liquid for cleaning to the cylinder cleaning device. The wiping liquid supply device includes a waste liquid tank, a new liquid tank, a first pump, and second pump. The waste liquid tank stores a waste wiping liquid discharged from the cylinder cleaning device. The new liquid tank stores a clean wiping liquid. The first pump supplies the clean wiping liquid from the new liquid tank to the cylinder cleaning device. The second pump supplies a supernatant liquid of the waste wiping liquid stored in the waste liquid tank and separated into a precipitate and the supernatant liquid to the cylinder cleaning device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Komori Corporation
    Inventor: Norihiro Kumagai
  • Publication number: 20150014254
    Abstract: A Method for cleaning degraded oil comprising oil-soluble degradation products and a system for implementing the method are disclosed. The method comprises the steps of receiving an inlet flow (1, 1a, 1b) of degraded oil, precipitating oil-soluble degradation products from the degraded oil by cooling the degraded oil, passing the cooled degraded oil as a filtration flow (3, 3a, 3b) through a filter (104, 204, 304) so as to retain the precipitated degradation products in the filter, and discharging an outlet flow (2, 2a, 2b) of cleaned oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2012
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Soren Hallberg Jensen, Henrik Hallberg Jensen
  • Publication number: 20140374361
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for the recovery or removal of one or more crystallizable compounds from an aqueous solution containing, apart from the said crystallizable compounds, one or more organic or inorganic scale- forming or scale-inducing materials having a lower solubility in water than the said crystallizable compounds, said process comprising subjecting the said solution to at least one eutectic freeze crystallization step with recovery of ice and said one or more crystallizable compounds in crystalline form, recycling at least part of the mother liquor formed in the said eutectic crystallization step and subjecting the said recycle to a treatment with seed crystals for said scale forming or scale inducing compounds, removing at least part of the solid material obtained in said treatment step and recycle of the aqueous liquid thus obtained to the eutectic freeze crystallization step or to the feed thereto.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Jacob Van Spronsen, Geert-Jan Witkamp
  • Publication number: 20140363364
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purification of produced water and to a system for carrying out the inventive method. Further, the invention relates to a purified produced water product obtainable according to the invention. A unique sequence of unit operations including the addition of dissolved calcium hydroxide and the subsequent precipitation thereof enable a particularly efficient removal of contaminating substances from produced water from the petrochemical industry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: PURETEQ A/S
    Inventor: Dennis Søgaard
  • Publication number: 20140346118
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for separation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing produced water, comprising; a separator tank, at least one inlet tube (22, 27), at least one branch means (6) distributing the produced water stream, at least one outlet nozzle (7) and at least one guide vane (8.1) mounted under each outlet nozzle and leading water over the next outlet nozzle; at least one outlet (12) in the bottom of the tank for cleaned water and at least one outlet (9, 35, 36) rejecting rising gas with adherent oil droplets, at least one shroud (39) is arranged entirely or partly along the inside of at least one guide vane (8.1) in an angle of 30° to 150° related to the at least one guide vane (8.1). Further the invention relates to a process for separation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing produced water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: CAMERON INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Jorn Folkvang
  • Publication number: 20140339173
    Abstract: A mining apparatus and method of its use are disclosed. The apparatus includes a heavy metals separating subsystem and a water recycling subsystem. The heavy metals separating subsystem includes one or more classifying screens positioned to receive raw mining material classify materials to a pre-determined size, a slurry tank receiving water and the classified materials, forming a slurry, and a heavy metals concentrating assembly configured to receive the slurry and separate heavy metals from the slurry. The water recycling subsystem is positioned to receive the tailings and separate the tailings into recyclable water and solid waste. The water recycling system is configured to route the recycled water into the heavy metals separating subsystem for reuse.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventor: DUANE NELSON
  • Publication number: 20140326674
    Abstract: Disclosed are zero liquid discharge (ZLD) processes that utilize naturally occurring or supplemental silicate in the water supply for removing magnesium and calcium hardness from aqueous alkaline streams in the form of a silica gel, thereby allowing separation of a low hardness supernant for recycling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventor: John Richardson
  • Publication number: 20140319067
    Abstract: A preparation method of octamethylenephosphonic acid terminated, PAMAM dendrimer and application thereof is provided, the dendrimer is prepared by modifying amino groups of 0 generation PAMAM dendrimer with methylene phosphonic acid, a constitutional formula thereof is: (CH2)n{N[CH2CH2CONHCH2CH2N(CH2PO3H2)2]2}2, wherein n is a positive integer between 2˜6. The octamethylenephosphonic acid terminated, PAMAM dendrimer has an excellent performance to inhibit scales of CaCO3, CaSO4 and Ca3(PO4)2, a very high calcium tolerance, and excellent dispersing performance. The octamethylenephosphonic acid terminated, PAMAM dendrimer is used as an antiscalant in industrial water treatment, and is suitable for the industrial water treatment of boiler, cooling, desalination, and oil production, etc., especially for the industrial water treatment under high calcium concentration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Tongji University
    Inventors: Fengting Li, Bingru Zhang, Fang Chen
  • Publication number: 20140319059
    Abstract: Provided herein is a method for reducing down-time in a recreational body of water having a water filtering system and water recirculation system after a potential release of Cryptospridium oocyst and/or Giardia cysts. Also described is a kit for practicing the method for reducing down-time in a recreational body of water that may have a potential release of Cryptospridium oocyst and/or Giardia cysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventor: Michael Joseph Unhoch
  • Publication number: 20140319066
    Abstract: Systems and methods for improving the quality of solids and liquids recovered at atmospheric pressure and temperature from a stillage stream generated as a by-product of an ethanol production process, the recovered solids having higher bio-available amino and fatty acids than evaporation-produced condensed solubles, the recovered liquids having less total solids and total suspended solids than evaporation-produced condensate. A static mixer includes an input for receiving the stillage stream combined with a GRAS anionic polymer, a cylindrical mixing chamber that controllably mixes the stillage stream and the polymer to generate wet flocculated solids and liquid co-product, and a discharge chute that outputs the wet flocculated solids and liquid co-products onto a moving, gravity filter belt having a membrane surface that separates the output from the static mixer into recovered liquids in the form of clarified, thin stillage and recovered solids in the form of dry flocculated solids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Yield and Capacity Group, LLC
    Inventors: Michael B. LoCascio, Ronald K. Dunbar
  • Publication number: 20140262258
    Abstract: The method include (a) compressing the feed water at a low pressure; (b) filtering the feed water; (c) compressing the filtered water stream at a medium pressure; (d) supplying the filtered water stream, compressed at a medium pressure, in the liquid phase of an instant expansion tank; (e) in the tank, heating the stream of step (d) by mixing with the recycled stream (h); (f) compressing again at a high pressure the liquid fraction in the tank and supplying it to the heat exchanger inlet; (g) heating the liquid fraction in the exchanger while maintaining the liquid fraction in the liquid state; (h) recycling the fraction from the step (g) in the tank; and (i) expanding the stream of the step (h) in the expansion tank, generating by instant expansion the searched steam; and (j) separating the solid particles formed as a second blowdown containing water and the particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicants: Brais Malouin and Associates Inc., Ingenica Ingenierie Industrielle
    Inventors: Jeremy BERROS, Peter TYE
  • Patent number: 8834726
    Abstract: A method of treating a wastewater is provided and can be used, for example, to treat a gas well hydrofracture wastewater. The method can involve precipitating barium as barium sulfate, precipitating calcium and strontium as calcium carbonate and strontium carbonate, precipitating magnesium hydroxide, and filtering out the metal compounds to form a recycle water. The recycle water produced from the method is also provided, as is a method for using the recycle water as a gas well hydrofracture water. In some embodiments, discharge water from a coal mine, and/or water from an abandoned coal mine, is used as a source of sulfate ions to precipitate barium as barium sulfate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: ProChemTech International, Inc.
    Inventor: Timothy Edward Keister
  • Publication number: 20140251921
    Abstract: The invention provides methods and compositions for a composition and/or a method for treating impurities in a circulating water system. The circulating water system impurities may be oversprayed paint in paint spray booth applications. The composition includes an aqueous solution of a cationized starch, a polybasic aluminum salt such as aluminum. chlorohydrate or polyaluminum chloride and a solution of a medium to high MW aqueous flocculant. The composition is particularly useful when added to recirculating scrubber water in paint spray booths for effectively treating both water based and solvent based paints.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventors: Joseph P. Miknevich, David W. Scheimann
  • Patent number: 8808511
    Abstract: The invention disclosed and claimed herein relates to treatment of water contaminated with glycol to be recycled for further effective use of the cleaned water resulting therefrom, especially at airports. More specifically, this invention relates to improved techniques for efficiently and reliably generating continuous flows of cleaned water as well as a continuous flow of recyclable glycol water of controlled concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventor: Brad Michael Malatesta
  • Publication number: 20140224745
    Abstract: Apparatus 10 for separating a mixture of oil and water. The apparatus 10 comprises a cylindrical vessel 12, with a cylindrical divider 18 separating the vessel 12 into a central zone 24 and outer annular zone 22. An upper part of the divider 18 provides a weir to enable fluid in the central zone 24 to pass into the outer zone 22. A tangential inlet extends into the central zone 24 at a lower part of the vessel 12, with an outlet 36 at the upper end of the vessel 12 for oil and/or gas, and a water outlet 42 on the side of the vessel 12 a small distance above the bottom of the outer zone 22.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: ENHYDRA LTD
    Inventor: David Douglas Lloyd
  • Patent number: 8790516
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for removing arsenic as scorodite from solutions that contain iron and arsenic. In accordance with the method, arsenic is first precipitated as ferric arsenate and subsequently processed hydrothermally into crystalline scorodite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Mikko Ruonala, Jaakko Leppinen, Ville Miettinen
  • Publication number: 20140197111
    Abstract: Wastewater treatment methods and systems for removal of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) from wastewater and for recovery of them as usable materials. Sufficient amount of dolomite lime and slaked dolomite lime is added into the wastewater to increase the pH of the wastewater to above 8.5 and to form P precipitates and to convert ammonium to ammonia in a precipitation-ammonia stripping reactor or a continuous flow precipitation reactor. The P precipitates are separated from the wastewater and recovered as usable solid material. The ammonia gas is absorbed and concentrated with acid solution in an ammonia absorption tower as usable liquid material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
    Inventors: Wei MENG, Yonghui SONG
  • Publication number: 20140131280
    Abstract: In a process for mine waters, a hardness-free, alkaline reagent is first added at least once to the mine water that is to be worked up, whereby metals are sedimented or precipitated out as hydroxides from the mine water that is to be worked up. The precipitated metal hydroxides are separated off and the remaining mine water is further treated by adding a hardness-forming precipitation reagent, whereby gypsum, in particular in the form of gypsum mud, is precipitated out from the then metal-free mine water that is to be worked up. Thus a sequential separation of the metals and the sulphate from the mine water that is to be worked up proceed via corresponding precipitation using respectively corresponding precipitation chemicals, wherein, in the gypsum precipitation following the metal precipitation, a metal-free gypsum mud is produced that is safe to landfill.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Roland Haseneder, Georg Härtel, Andre Rieger, Paul Steinberger
  • Patent number: 8702993
    Abstract: Amine-aldehyde resins are disclosed for removing a wide variety of solids and/or ionic species from the liquids in which they are suspended and/or dissolved. These resins are especially useful as froth flotation depressants in the separation of bitumen from sand and/or clay or in the beneficiation of clay (e.g., kaolin clay) from an impure clay-containing ore. The resins are also useful for treating aqueous liquid suspensions to remove solid particulates, as well as for removing metallic ions in the purification of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Chemicals LLC
    Inventors: James Wright, Carl R. White, Kurt Gabrielson, John B. Hines, Lisa M. Arthur, Paul Hart, Richard Rediger
  • Patent number: 8702992
    Abstract: A continuous flow reactor, including a cylindrical coagulation crystallizer, a funnel type protective baffle for static settling, and a conical static settler. A lower end surface of the cylindrical coagulation crystallizer is connected with an upper end surface of the conical static settler, and the funnel type protective baffle for static settling is connected with an inner wall of the cylindrical coagulation crystallizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Nanjing University
    Inventors: Hongqiang Ren, Qiucheng Li, Tao Zhang, Lili Ding, Ke Xu, Xinkun Ren
  • Patent number: 8702991
    Abstract: Described herein are systems, methods, and apparatuses for aggregating microorganism in an aqueous suspension. In particular, are systems, methods, and apparatuses that apply an electrical field to an aqueous suspension comprising microorganisms as the aqueous suspension follows a flow path to cause aggregation of the microorganisms. The electrical field may be continuous or pulsed. In some embodiments, the flow path for the aqueous suspension may vary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Heliae Development, LLC
    Inventors: Justin S. Kniep, Aniket Kale
  • Publication number: 20140053872
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to purge fluids, methods of using the purge fluids, and systems to be used for recycling the purge fluids. In some aspects, the purge fluid may be used to clean or purge an automated spray coating apparatus, such as a paint gun. The purge fluid may include a solvent and water. After the purge fluid is utilized for purging or cleaning certain system components, the purge fluid may be treated, subjected to a liquid-solid separation technique, and reused as a purge fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Paul Balent, Gordon M. Carter, Samuel P. Mooney, David W. Scheimann, Shayne B. Hare, Joseph P. Miknevich, Joseph P. Miknevich
  • Patent number: 8652304
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an enhanced process for separating dissolved and suspended solids from valuable or harmful liquids and more particularly to improving the operational aspects and separation efficiency of treating certain water miscible fluids including those used for oil and gas processing such as glycols, as well as automobile and aircraft fluids, that have become contaminated with dissolved and/or suspended solid matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Prime Services Trustee Limited, VBW Trustees No. 2 Limited
    Inventor: Craig Nazzer
  • Publication number: 20140014589
    Abstract: To recover drilling fluid used in sample drilling at a drilling machine, when the drilling fluid exits the drill hole, and to transport it to a separate cleaning unit wherein solid matter is separated from the drilling fluid. The cleaned drilling fluid is returned to the drilling machine and reused in sample drilling. The cleaning unit has an inlet connection and two or more precipitation basins, where the solid matter accumulates on the bottom of the basin. In the bottom part of at least one precipitation basin there is a valve arrangement for removing drilling fluid sludge containing solid matter from the precipitation basin, which drilling fluid sludge is filtered with a filter arrangement. In the top part of the precipitation basin there is a transfer connection between precipitation basins or an outlet connection for taking cleaned drilling fluid out from the cleaning unit back to the drilling process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: OY KATI AB KALOJAKI
    Inventor: Tapani Niskakangas
  • Patent number: 8617400
    Abstract: A method for treating wastewater using a ballasted flocculation technique includes continuously measuring the concentration of suspended solids, organic matter or other impurities in the water to be treated prior to directing the water to be treated to a flocculation tank. Based on this measurement, the amount of ballast necessary to obtain treated water of a predetermined quality is then calculated. In the flocculation tank, ballast and a flocculating reagent are added to the water to form a water-floc mixture. The water-floc mixture is directed to a settling tank where a sludge-ballast mixture is settled. The sludge-ballast mixture is directed to a mixing tank and then to a separator to separate the ballast from the sludge. The separated ballast is directed to the flocculation tank. The separated sludge is directed to the mixing tank when the level of sludge-ballast mixture in the mixing tank is lower than a predetermined level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
    Inventors: Philippe Sauvignet, Claus Dahl, Valey Ursel, Celine Levecq, Jean-Francois Beaudet
  • Publication number: 20130334144
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for removing solutes from wastewater are disclosed. An embodiment provides a reactor tank having a manifold located at or near an interface between a lower (upstream) section having a first cross-section and a higher (downstream) section having a second cross-section smaller than the first cross section. An inlet for wastewater to enter the reactor tank is located in or below the first cross-section. A recycling path is provided for removing wastewater from the manifold and recycling at least part of the removed wastewater into the reactor tank. An outlet for water to exit the reactor tank is located downstream from the manifold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: OSTARA NUTRIENT RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventor: Ahren Britton
  • Patent number: 8596346
    Abstract: A method of flocculating coal fines from produced water that includes the steps of: (A) mixing at least: (i) produced water, wherein the produced water comprises suspended coal fines; (ii) one or more oil-soluble phosphate esters; and (iii) water-immiscible solvent; wherein the mixing is in proportions to obtain an oil-in-water emulsion; (B) allowing or mechanically causing the oil-in-water emulsion to substantially break into: (i) a first fluid having a continuous phase comprising at least some of the water from the produced water; and (ii) a second fluid having a continuous phase comprising at least some of the water-immiscible solvent; and (C) mechanically separating the first fluid and the second fluid. Optionally, the step of mixing further includes mixing with a crosslinker for the one or more phosphate esters to form a gel for suspending the separated coal fines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew Gersbach, Glen Clifford Fyten
  • Patent number: 8585903
    Abstract: The invention provides an efficient method to purify an aqueous solution, typically mine drainage water, especially of anions and cations present in the aqueous solution as dissolved solids, the anions and cations are removed by treatment with a positively charged extractant having at least eight carbon atoms, whereby an unstable emulsion is formed; the unstable emulsion is allowed to break into an extract phase loaded with the anions and cations, and a water phase depleted in anions and cations; a floc inherently forms in the loaded extractant phase and then the loaded extractant phase and floc are separated from the purified water and treated to remove the anions and cations as concentrated useful products; the treated aqueous phase now reduced in anion and/or cation content is also separated from the emulsion as a purified aqueous solution. The extractant phase is preferably recycled. A continuous water purification process is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Winner Water Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce F. Monzyk, F. Michael Von Fahnestock, James Kevin Rose, H. Nick Conkle, Ming Wang, Satya P. Chauhan, Ruey K. Bruce, Tenisha Highsmith
  • Patent number: 8580917
    Abstract: The invention relates to block polymers, for example, arborescent copolymer compounds, and to methods of making and purifying such compounds. In one embodiment, the invention relates to arborescent polymer compounds that contain one or more styrene polymeric blocks in combination with one or more isobutylene polymeric blocks. In another embodiment, the invention relates to methods for purifying arborescent polymer compounds that contain at least one styrene polymeric block in combination with at least one isobutylene polymeric block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventor: Judit E Puskas
  • Patent number: 8557123
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems for removing particulate matter from a fluid, comprising a particle functionalized by attachment of at least one activating group or amine functional group, wherein the modified particle complexes with the particulate matter within the fluid to form a removable complex therein. The particulate matter has preferably been contacted, complexed or reacted with a tethering agent. The system is particularly advantageous to removing particulate matter from a tailing solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Soane Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Michael C. Berg, John H. Dise, Robert P. Mahoney, Kevin T. Petersen, David S. Soane, Kristoffer K. Stokes, William Ware, Jr., Atul C. Thakrar
  • Patent number: 8506821
    Abstract: A system for processing drilling mud, the system including a primary separation tank having an inlet for receiving drilling waste and an outlet in fluid communication with a feed line, and an injection pump in fluid communication with a polymer tank and the feed line. The system also includes a clarifying tank in fluid communication with the feed line and a first collection tank, wherein effluent from the clarifying tank is discharged into the first collection tank, and a centrifuge in fluid communication with the clarifying tank and a second collection tank, wherein effluent from the centrifuge is discharged into the second collection tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: John O. Pruett, Gary E. Fout