By Gas Contact Patents (Class 210/771)
  • Patent number: 10532301
    Abstract: A horizontal pressure filter including a washing liquid recovery channel for receiving unused washing liquid from the washing liquid inlet channel and conducting said unused washing liquid to a washing liquid recovery outlet. A flow controller arranged to selectively open and close a flow connection between the washing liquid inlet channel and the washing liquid recovery channel, and respectively, between a compressed gas inlet and the washing liquid inlet channel, such that a gas flow from the compressed gas inlet to the washing liquid recovery channel via the washing liquid inlet channel may be induced, so as to flush unused washing liquid remaining in the washing liquid inlet channel to the washing liquid recovery outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY
    Inventors: Lloyd Holliday, Teppo Suutari
  • Patent number: 10081789
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for separating off a liquid supernatant from cells, comprising the steps: providing a mixture of the cells with a liquid, charging a first filter housing with the mixture, wherein in the filter housing a filter having a pore size of between 4 ?m and 50 ?m is provided on a flat base surface pierced in a sieve manner and the walls of the filter housing are connected so as to seal with the flat base surface that is pierced in a sieve manner, applying a differential pressure of at least 0.5 bar on the mixture, as a result of which the liquid portion of the mixture is forced through the filter and a filter cake containing cells remains in the filter housing, and removal of the filtered liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: GREENOVATION BIOTECH GMBH
    Inventors: Grosse Thomas, Niederkrüger Holger, Schaaf Andreas
  • Patent number: 9777427
    Abstract: Described is a method for cleaning fabrics, such as garments and the like, comprising the following steps: a) preparing a compartment for containing fabrics; b) preparing a quantity of cleaning fluid in fluid communication with the containment compartment; c) inserting the fabrics in the compartment and isolating the containment compartment with respect to an outside environment; d) sucking air from the compartment, in a substantially continuous manner, for adjusting the pressure in the compartment for containing the fabrics to a pressure less than the atmospheric pressure so as to allow the evaporation of the cleaning fluid and the introduction into the compartment of the cleaning fluid in the vapor phase, for cleaning the fabrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: F.M.B. FABBRICA MACCHINE BOLOGNA S.P.A.
    Inventors: Gabriele Cuppini, Fulvio Nuzzo
  • Patent number: 9139779
    Abstract: A catalyst separation system which separates catalyst particles from liquid hydrocarbons synthesized by a chemical reaction of a synthesis gas including a hydrogen and a carbon monoxide as the main components, and a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in a liquid, the catalyst separation system is provided with: a reactor; a storage tank which stores the slurry drawn from the reactor; a plurality of filters which filters the slurry; and a filtrate recovery vessel which recovers a filtrate which has passed through the plurality of filters, wherein the plurality of filters is disposed in series in a flow line for the slurry from the storage tank to the filtrate recovery vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignees: JAPAN OIL, GAS AND METALS NATIONAL CORPORATION, INPEX CORPORATION, JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION, JAPAN PETROLEUM EXPLORATION CO., LTD., COSMO OIL CO., LTD., NIPPON STEEL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuzuru Kato, Eiichi Yamada, Kentarou Morita
  • Publication number: 20150114914
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for filtering a suspension in a filter device comprising a sequence of steps, including piping the suspension into the filter chamber between the filter cloths, directing the suspension through the filter cloths, discharging a liquid fraction of the suspension through the first duct and the second duct out of the filter chamber and through the first outlet of the first recess plate and the second outlet of the second recess plate as a filtrate, and piping a drying gas from the head piece into the filter chamber through the first duct and discharging the same through the second duct. The invention further relates to such a recess plate that is designed for packing a plurality of specimens of the recess plate into a pack between a stationary head piece and a moveable end piece of a filter device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY
    Inventor: Bernd Böhnke
  • Patent number: 8962906
    Abstract: A filter column apparatus comprising a filtration zone and a reslurry zone. These zones are separated by a barrier wall or are in substantial cooperation with each other. Also disclosed is a process for separating at least a portion of at least one substantially solid component from a solid-liquid stream comprising the substantially solid component and at least one substantially liquid component. Also disclosed is a process for forming a substantially solids containing packed bed. Also disclosed is a process for purifying paraxylene in a filtration zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventors: Richard A Wilsak, Scott A Roberts, Dean B. Comstock, Ronald D Stefanski
  • Patent number: 8728328
    Abstract: A method of removing suspended solids from a gasification process water stream includes, in an exemplary embodiment, providing a gasification process water stream containing process derived suspended solids, settling at least a portion of the suspended solids from the process water stream in a settling apparatus, providing a filter apparatus having a plurality of filter elements, and removing a portion of the settled solids from the settling apparatus. The method also includes precoating the filter elements with the settled solids removed from the settling apparatus, directing a portion of the process water stream from the settling apparatus to the filter apparatus, and filtering the portion of the process water stream directed from the settling apparatus through the precoated filter elements to remove suspended solids particles to form a filtrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: James Scott Kain, Priyadharshini Swaminathan, Dinh-Cuong Vuong
  • Publication number: 20140110355
    Abstract: A method of separating a mixture of liquid and insoluble solids in a filter press may comprise: pumping the mixture into a multiplicity of chambers to form a filter cake, each of the chambers being between adjacent filter plates, each of the chambers being lined by filter cloths, wherein, during the pumping, filtrate is forced through the filter cloths and out of the chambers; and releasing dried filter cake from the chambers; wherein the pumping comprises pumping the mixture through a multiplicity of side feed ports and into each of the chambers through a multiplicity of delivery slots, and wherein the openings of the delivery slots into each of the chambers is above the height of the side feed ports. A filter press system is described which includes filter plates and chambers with the aforementioned configuration of side feed ports and delivery slots.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: DES, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel J. Simpson, Ferdinand Kogler
  • Patent number: 8673156
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for removing liquid from a suspension. More particularly, the present invention relates to a filtration apparatus using vacuum pressure, compressed air and radiant heat to facilitate extraction of water from a suspension and an air flow within the vacuum chamber to remove the evaporate as a cost-efficient and resource-efficient means of filtering and drying solids in large volumes of suspension to remove interstitial and chemically bound liquids, resulting in up to 100% total solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Gryphon Environmental, LLC
    Inventors: William Tid Smith Griffin, Joshua Michael-James DeArmond
  • Publication number: 20130200011
    Abstract: A method for handling sludge arranged on the bottom (2) of a water filled basin (1), wherein the water defining a surface, is described. The method comprises the steps of freezing the sludge in a portion of the bottom (2) of the basin (1), arranging a closable container (3) in the basin (1) below the surface of the water, which container (3) comprises a collecting filter, moving the frozen sludge into the container (3) to a position above the collecting filter, closing the container (3), and thawing the frozen sludge in the container (3). An apparatus for performing the method is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: FRIGEO AB
    Inventors: Mats-Johan Rostmark, Erik Maksimainen, Susanne Rostmark
  • Publication number: 20130168330
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for filtration of fluids, especially of aqueous media, by means of a backflush filter apparatus consisting of a cylindrical housing, a cylindrical and perforated support body installed coaxially therein, a filter material, a support fabric, and a mobile backflush device present therein, said process enabling improved removal of fine and ultrafine particles, and of particles with greasy or compressible consistency, and allowing higher solid concentrations. The process according to the invention has the steps below. a) Formation of a filtercake in the perforation of the support body; b) deposition of the relatively fine particles or of the particles with greasy or compressible consistency on or in the filtercake; c) backflushing after attainment of the predefined filter loading or of the maximum permissible pressure differential, or when the filtrate volume flow goes below a minimum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: LENZING TECHNIK GmbH
    Inventors: Stefan Strasser, Roman Grösswang, Johannes Kneissl, Georg Eisl, Klaus Brandt
  • Patent number: 8309711
    Abstract: The method of forming a filter cake from a slurry comprising the steps of feeding the slurry into a filter housing, wherein the filter housing includes a plurality of vertical filter elements; pressing the slurry into the filter housing against the filter elements resulting in i) a filtrate passing through the filter elements and exiting out an exhaust port of the filter housing; ii) forming a solid cake on the filter elements; feeding a wash liquid into the filter housing while draining out the slurry by opening the slurry drain valve; closing the slurry drain valve and then continually feeding wash liquid through the cake and into the filter tube of the filter housing; stopping the feed of wash liquid; introducing a gas into the filter housing and draining out the wash liquid by opening a bottom drain valve; stopping the gas flow and opening a drain to exit most of the gas and remaining wash liquid; opening the bottom cake discharge valve; and back pulsing by a gas to break and to release the filter cake fr
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: Corn Products Development Inc.
    Inventor: Nathan Wiley
  • Patent number: 8282838
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for removing fluids, particularly entrained and/or adherent fluids, from drill cuttings created during the well drilling process. An apron assembly collects drill cuttings and deposits such cuttings on a central rotor having multiple distinct chambers. A first chamber is loaded with drill cuttings. The central rotor thereafter cycles to a second position wherein a pressure seal is formed around the loaded first chamber. An air knife or similar device is used to blast compressed gas at the cuttings in the sealed chamber and force the cuttings against a screen. Solid components of the cuttings remain in the sealed chamber, while liquid components pass through the screen and are collected using an auger assembly. Following such separation, the rotor is cycled again, allowing dried cuttings to empty from the first chamber. The process is repeated for each chamber of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Inventor: Michael David Billeaud
  • Patent number: 8262753
    Abstract: An apparatus suitable for generating gaseous hydrocarbon fuel from a carbon based synthesis gas including a reaction chamber having a rotating shaft including a plurality of radial blades mixing and circulating carbon based synthesis gas and particulate catalyst upwardly generating gaseous hydrocarbon fuel, a stripping chamber located above the reaction chamber having a second axial rotating shaft including a plurality of radial blades driving hydrocarbon fuel radially outwardly, a source of hot stripping gas, an annular filter surrounding the stripping chamber and an annular gas collection chamber surrounding the filter. The blades in the stripping chamber are rotated independently at a greater velocity than the blades in the reaction chamber and the reaction is controlled by the temperature of the synthesis gas and the rotational velocity of the mixing blades in the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Inventor: Bayne Carew
  • Publication number: 20120193305
    Abstract: Process for the continuous treatment of soot water which arises during partial oxidation of liquid hydrocarbons containing heavy metals. The soot water is centrifuged at a pressure of up to 5 bar and a temperature of up to 150° C. in a pre-dewatering stage, without the addition of additives, to 10% solids content, a pasty sludge rich in heavy metals is obtained and a centrate low in heavy metals arises. The centrate at least to some extent, is fed back into the gasification process again as useable water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2010
    Publication date: August 2, 2012
    Applicant: ThyssenKrupp Uhde GmbH
    Inventors: Karl-Heinz Jass, Daniel Oryan, Andreas Alke, Sascha Wenzel
  • Publication number: 20120168388
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the simultaneous storage and drying of sewage sludge, comprising the following steps: a) mechanically dewatering the sewage sludge down to a dry substance concentration of 10 to 35 percent; b) applying the dewatered sewage sludge to a floor of a greenhouse-type drying hall in which a transparent building envelope forms the roof over the floor; c) drying the sewage sludge using solar radiation that radiates into the drying hall; d) mechanically dewatering additional sewage sludge down to a dry substance concentration of 10 to 35 percent; e) introducing the dewatered additional sewage sludge into the drying hall and mixing the additional sewage sludge with the sewage sludge already in the drying hall; f) drying said mixture using solar radiation that radiates into the drying hall; and g) evacuating the mixture from the drying hall or repeating steps d) to f), wherein in step e), the additional sewage sludge is mixed with the mixture in the drying hall rather than with the s
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2010
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Applicant: TSP GMBH
    Inventors: Tilo Conrad, Steffen Ritterbusch, Markus Bux
  • Publication number: 20120152860
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for removing fluids, particularly entrained and/or adherent fluids, from drill cuttings created during the well drilling process. An apron assembly collects drill cuttings and deposits such cuttings on a central rotor having multiple distinct chambers. A first chamber is loaded with drill cuttings. The central rotor thereafter cycles to a second position wherein a pressure seal is formed around the loaded first chamber. An air knife or similar device is used to blast compressed gas at the cuttings in the sealed chamber and force the cuttings against a screen. Solid components of the cuttings remain in the sealed chamber, while liquid components pass through the screen and are collected using an auger assembly. Following such separation, the rotor is cycled again, allowing dried cuttings to empty from the first chamber. The process is repeated for each chamber of the rotor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Inventor: Michael David Billeaud
  • Patent number: 8161661
    Abstract: Provided are a continuous drying apparatus and method. The apparatus includes a combustion chamber, a heat exchange chamber, a filter, a mixing chamber, and a drying chamber. Biomass to be dried is loaded into an upper end of the drying chamber and falls on a rotating plate at a bottom of the drying chamber. Heated gas from the combustion chamber is mixed with recycled gas output from the drying chamber, and with recycled gas output from the heat exchange chamber, is filtered and is directed to the mixing chamber. Gas circulates within the mixing chamber and is directed into a lower end of the drying chamber at a drying temperature. The biomass loaded into the drying chamber is dried by the gas, and is extracted off the rotating plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Active Land International Corporation
    Inventor: Julio R. Bartol
  • Patent number: 8119010
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved cake-filtration solid-liquid separation process wherein the improvement comprises simultaneously subjecting the solid-liquid mixture to a homogeneous magnetic field, a magnetic field gradient or both and cake-filtration to accomplish separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Karsten Keller, Christopher M. Rey, Benjamin Fuchs, Christian Hoffmann
  • Publication number: 20110297625
    Abstract: A filter configured to separate the solid components and the liquid components from a slurry. The filter includes a plurality of filter plate assemblies that cooperate to define a plurality of filter chambers, each defining a perimeter having an open section when the filter plates are in a closed position relative to one another. Each filter plate assembly includes a closure configured to close the open section. Preferably, the closures are movable to an open position to permit a particulate cake to be removed from the filter chambers without separating the filter plates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Inventor: Sean R. Duby
  • Patent number: 8012355
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method and apparatus for separating particles and dissolved matter from an untreated fluid stream. Specifically, the present invention includes a first pressure source which transports untreated fluid or contaminated aqueous fluid into a separator annulus with a filter element disposed therein. The untreated fluid is placed under appropriate pressure sufficient to produce turbulent flow, increased particle kinetics and/or cavitation allowing the desired fluid to penetrate and pass into and through the filter media. The treated fluid is then transported to a collection tank. The contaminant matter retained by the filter media may be removed by the nearly instantaneous reverse pressurization of the separator annulus by a second pressure source thereby removing the contaminant particles away from contact with the filter media, and which may then be transported to a waste collection tank or a separator for further treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: PSS Acquisitionco LLC
    Inventor: Raymond Ford Johnson
  • Patent number: 7988868
    Abstract: A method is provided for both dewatering and drying solid-liquid mixtures and a device is provided designed as a filter press drier for the application of the method. The filter press drier is equipped with a defined number of metal heating chamber filter plates (1) and/or membrane heating chamber filter plates (2) arranged next and/or in parallel to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Dehydry Anlagenbau AG
    Inventors: Willy Mützenberg, Egon Hoffmann
  • Patent number: 7972520
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for operating a centrifuge which has a drive shaft used for loading, a drum which is connected to the drive shaft and has a drum casing and a drum base, a filter with a working region situated within the filter, an annular space formed between the filter and the drum casing, at least one drum base opening which is formed in the drum base and opens out into the annular space, and at least one swirl nozzle which is arranged in such a manner that it injects a fluid through the at least one drum base opening into the annular space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: Fima Maschinenbau GmbH
    Inventor: Joachim Schmid
  • Patent number: 7906023
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method and apparatus for separating particles and dissolved matter from a produced water fluid stream. Specifically, the present invention includes a first pressure source which transports untreated produced water or contaminated aqueous fluid into a separator annulus with a filter element disposed therein. The untreated fluid is placed under appropriate pressure sufficient to produce turbulent flow, increased particle kinetics and/or cavitation allowing the desired fluid to penetrate and pass into and through the filter media. The treated fluid is then transported to a collection tank. The contaminant matter retained by the filter media may be removed by the nearly instantaneous reverse pressurization of the separator annulus by a second pressure source thereby removing the contaminant particles away from contact with the filter media, and which may then be transported to a waste collection tank or a separator for further treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: PSS Acquisitionco LLC
    Inventor: Raymond Ford Johnson
  • Patent number: 7815808
    Abstract: A pressure-filter is disclosed along with its peripheral equipment that permit the automatic controlled operation of the filter for extracting liquids from a fluid liquid/solid slurry and for the formation of a substantially dry filter cake. The efficiency of the filter apparatus is increased by the use of hot gas as a material for treating the cake within the filter for extracting the liquids as filtrate. The hot gas may be hot air, hot inert gas, steam, or combinations thereof in controlled sequences. The filter is adapted to be able to operate under vacuum or elevated pressure and at elevated temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: FLSmidth A/S
    Inventors: Steve C. Benesi, Patrick J. Costelloe
  • Patent number: 7812206
    Abstract: A filter column apparatus comprising a filtration zone and a reslurry zone. These zones are separated by a barrier wall or are in substantial cooperation with each other. Also disclosed is a process for separating at least a portion of at least one substantially solid component from a solid-liquid stream comprising the substantially solid component and at least one substantially liquid component. Also disclosed is a process for forming a substantially solids containing packed bed. Also disclosed is a process for purifying paraxylene in a filtration zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventors: Richard A. Wilsak, Scott A. Roberts, Dean B. Comstock, Ronald D. Stefanski
  • Patent number: 7713411
    Abstract: A filter-dryer apparatus employing a single container for both filtering and drying operations including a container holding a material to be filtered and dried, adapted to connect to a filter system and to connect to a fluid bed dryer system, and a process for separating particulates from liquids by the operations of filtration and drying, which includes the steps of providing a single container for both filtering and drying operations; introducing a mixture of particles and liquid to said container; connecting the container to a filter system and filtering the particulates from the liquid; detaching the container from the filter system; connecting the container to a fluid bed drying system and removing the liquid from the particulates to result in dry particulates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: Applied Chemical Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: John Patrick Banister, Robert R. Garner, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7704400
    Abstract: A system for washing contaminated sand comprises a plurality of reactors arranged in a sequence from a first to a last reactor. The first reactor is configured to receive contaminated sand. Each reactor comprises a funnel portion in a lower section thereof for accumulating a sand layer and a sand conveying device for removing sand through an aperture defined near a bottom of the funnel portion. Each reactor except the first reactor receives sand removed from a previous reactor. The system also comprises a steam supply system for providing each reactor with steam for washing the sand, a water supply system for providing the last reactor with clean water for rinsing the sand, and a fluid outlet associated with each reactor for removing fluid and providing the fluid to a separator for separating the fluid into first and second portions respectively containing relatively low and high proportions of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Inventor: Paul Costinel
  • Publication number: 20100096341
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed for separating a slurry into liquids and solids in a pressure filter apparatus and for forming a substantially dry and often loosely packet filter solids cake wherein a high temperature and high pressure steam is introduced into an initially formed filter cake in the pressurized filter apparatus to force the steam into the interstices of the formed filter cake and then pressure within the filter apparatus is reduced to permit the steam to flash and to expand within the interstices to absorb any remaining fluids within the formed filter cake and to cause the filter cake to become substantially dry and loosely packed. The filtered solids cake is then discharged from the filter apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Publication date: April 22, 2010
    Inventor: Steve C. Benesi
  • Patent number: 7674386
    Abstract: A slurry filtration system and apparatus with peripheral elements for conditioning a slurry prior to entry into a pressure filter (32) and the control of fluid and liquid introductions into the filter (32) to produce a desired filter cake or filtrate. The system includes a controller (16) for controlling the operation of the peripheral treatment for the introduction of coagulants, flocculants and polymers to treat or condition a slurry introduced into the filter (32) and the control of additional peripheral equipment for treatment of the slurry with liquid clearing or cake forming gas, steam, or drying or conditioning gas within the filter chamber (40) for the production of both filtrate and filter cake from the filter (32) to a form desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: FLSmidth A/S
    Inventor: Steve C. Benesi
  • Publication number: 20100032385
    Abstract: To provide a cement burning apparatus and a method of method of drying high-water-content organic waste capable of drying organic waste with high water content precluding the possibility of explosion; not incurring decreased thermal efficiency of a cement kiln; and more efficiently drying organic waste with high water content. The cement burning apparatus 1 comprises a dryer 6, to which combustion gas is fed from an exhaust gas passage, which runs from an outlet duct of a calciner 4 to an outlet duct of a preheater 3 of a cement kiln 2, for drying high-water-content organic waste of which water content is 40 mass percent or more. As the dryer 6, a grinding-type flash dryer, which directly contacts the combustion gas G with the organic waste W and dries the organic waste W while grinding it, can be used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2007
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Applicant: TAIHEIYO CEMENT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Naoki Ueno, Yoshihito Izawa, Hiroyuki Takano, Hirofumi Mori
  • Publication number: 20100012596
    Abstract: An apparatus for filtering a material from a medium includes a first housing having a wall with a plurality of openings formed therein, a conveyor disposed in the housing for moving the material therealong, and a conduit line communicating with the interior of the housing for supplying the medium to the apparatus. At least one of the first housing and the conveyor rotate relative to a central axis to direct the medium toward the wall so as to separate the material from the medium. A method for filtering a material from a medium includes supplying the medium to a first housing, spinning the medium within the housing, passing the medium through a wall of the housing to separate the material from the medium, moving the material along the housing, introducing a fluid into the material within the housing, and washing the material using the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2009
    Publication date: January 21, 2010
    Inventor: Chie Ying Lee
  • Publication number: 20090308817
    Abstract: A method is provided for both dewatering and drying solid-liquid mixtures and a device is provided designed as a filter press drier for the application of the method. The filter press drier is equipped with a defined number of metal heating chamber filter plates (1) and/or membrane heating chamber filter plates (2) arranged next and/or in parallel to one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2007
    Publication date: December 17, 2009
    Inventors: Willy Mützenberg, Egon Hoffmann
  • Patent number: 7607240
    Abstract: A system and method of drying wet items including roving packages, cakes and bobbins of wound wet glass fibers and/or wet glass fiber strand(s) by first preheating the wet items using waste hot gases coming from any source including a glass furnace, a dryer or a heat engine operating to generate electrical power prior to removing much, most or all of the moisture in the wet roving packages, cakes and bobbins using a dielectric or microwave oven, to save energy, reduce drying costs and to increase the capacity of dielectric or microwave dryers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2009
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Daniel Pinkham, Jr., Gerard Joseph Demott, Gary Groner
  • Publication number: 20090101598
    Abstract: A method of removing suspended solids from a gasification process water stream includes, in an exemplary embodiment, providing a gasification process water stream containing process derived suspended solids, settling at least a portion of the suspended solids from the process water stream in a settling apparatus, providing a filter apparatus having a plurality of filter elements, and removing a portion of the settled solids from the settling apparatus. The method also includes precoating the filter elements with the settled solids removed from the settling apparatus, directing a portion of the process water stream from the settling apparatus to the filter apparatus, and filtering the portion of the process water stream directed from the settling apparatus through the precoated filter elements to remove suspended solids particles to form a filtrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Publication date: April 23, 2009
    Inventors: James Scott Kain, Priyadharshini Swaminathan, Dinh-Cuong Vuong
  • Patent number: 7459091
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method and apparatus for separating particles and dissolved matter from a fluid stream. Specifically, the present invention includes a first pressure source which transports untreated fluid into a separator annulus with a filter element disposed therein. The untreated fluid is placed under appropriate pressure sufficient to produce turbulent flow, increased particle kinetics and/or cavitation physics allowing the desired fluid to penetrate and pass into and through the filter media. The filtered fluid is then transported to a collection tank. The contaminant particulate matter retained by the filter media may be removed by the instantenous reverse pressurization of the separator annulus by a second pressure source thereby removing the contaminant particles away from contact with the filter media, and which may then be transported to a waste collection tank or a concentrator for further treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: LJC Technologies, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Raymond Ford Johnson, Markley Dean Johnson, Rodney Grage
  • Patent number: 7442308
    Abstract: A process for removing viruses in fibrinogen solutions and fibrinogen obtained thereof wherein the process starts with an adjusted purified fibrinogen solution, the adjusted purified solution is frozen and then thawed at a temperature between 5 and 20° C., the undissolved materials associated with the fibrinogen are subsequently separated, the temperature is adjusted and the resultant solution is finally subjected to nanofiltration using filters having a pore size smaller than 35 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: Grifols, S.A.
    Inventors: Pere Ristol Debart, Jesus Fernandez Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 7413681
    Abstract: A process for partial oxidation of a hydrocarbon gas or liquid, involving the steps of partial oxidation and removal of soot by forming a slurry having water and carbon from the gaseous oxidation product, and separating part of the water from the slurry to obtain a soot composition having less water, wherein the separation is performed by means of a decanter centrifuge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2008
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Gerard Grootveld, Franciscus Johanna Arnoldus Martens
  • Publication number: 20080116145
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method and apparatus for separating particles and dissolved matter from a fluid stream. Specifically, the present invention includes a first pressure source which transports untreated fluid into a separator annulus with a filter element disposed therein. The untreated fluid is placed under appropriate pressure sufficient to produce turbulent flow, increased particle kinetics and/or cavitation physics allowing the desired fluid to penetrate and pass into and through the filter media. The filtered fluid is then transported to a collection tank. The contaminant particulate matter retained on the exterior of the filter media may be removed by the instantenous reverse pressurization of the separator annulus by a second pressure source thereby removing the contaminant particles away from contact with the filter media, and which may then be transported to a waste collection tank or a concentrator for further treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2007
    Publication date: May 22, 2008
    Inventors: Raymond Ford Johnson, Markley Dean Johnson, Rodney Grage
  • Patent number: 7337860
    Abstract: Drill cuttings associated with drilling fluid are thermally cleaned. The wet cuttings are fed into a vessel chamber having mechanical mixers, such as ribbon blenders, extending lengthwise of the chamber. Direct heating is applied to the chamber contents by introducing hot combustion gas from a heater. A combination of direct heating and mechanical back mixing of wet colder cuttings with drier hotter cuttings results in conditioning and conduction heating of the wet cuttings. The drilling fluid is evaporated and removed as gas. Dried cuttings are separately recovered. Caking and agglomeration of the solids is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2008
    Assignee: Clean Cut Technologies Inc.
    Inventor: Barry E. McIntyre
  • Patent number: 7156995
    Abstract: Mineral contaminants are removed from water in a system in which water is sprayed into an air head at the top of a tank through a diffuser and withdrawn through a pick-up tube. A solenoid valve operates to allows air from a compressor to flow into the top of the tank through a shuttle valve which is opened by the air pressure. Simultaneously a drain valve connected to the shuttle valve opens a drain, venting water and air from the tank. The shuttle valve, closed by the solenoid valve, closes the air supply line and connecting the shuttle valve to atmosphere, and pressure within the aeration tank can close the shuttle valve, which causes closing of the drain valve. The part of the valve which opens the drain is made responsive to excess pressure within the air tank to open the drain and so acts as a pressure relief valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Assignee: Hellenbrand, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward T. Maas, Alan G. Mast, Daniel A. Klein, Don D. Vaughan, Jerry N. Miller
  • Patent number: 6991738
    Abstract: A process includes coating a cylinder having an inner wall and a cylinder axis with a gel coating on the inner wall. Then a specimen mixture including solvent is made to flow through the cylinder while the cylinder is being continuously rotated. The specimen mixture is initially directed to flow along the cylinder axis and such that specimen particles from the specimen mixture are accelerated off the cylinder axis toward the inner wall, so as to form a film of specimen particles embedded into the gel coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Mark E. Fauver, Alan C. Nelson
  • Patent number: 6946078
    Abstract: The method for separating ferrate salts from a solution comprising providing contact between the solution of essentially of aqueous hydroxide and the ferrate salts and a surface having a magnetic attraction, magnetically securing the ferrate salts to the surface; and eliminating contact between the solution and the surface. Contact is provided by immersing the surface in the solution, passing the liquid ferrate mixture over the surface, or combinations thereof. The magnetic attraction may be induced by permanent magnets, electromagnets, and combinations thereof. The apparatus for ferrate production comprises an electrochemical cell having an iron-containing anode, cathode, and an aqueous hydroxide solution in fluid communication with both the anode and the cathode, and a magnetic separator in fluid communication with the aqueous hydroxide solution for separating ferrate salts from the aqueous hydroxide solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Lynntech, Inc.
    Inventors: Zoran Minevski, Jason Maxey, Carl Nelson, Dylan Taylor
  • Patent number: 6887389
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are disclosed for mixing sewage sludge with spent water-softener lime in a ratio of approximately 10:1 on a wet basis. The mixture is introduced to a rotary pre-dryer kiln and a rotary combuster kiln to kill pathogens. An ash by-product and gases are thereby produced. The ash by-product can be disposed of at much less cost or can be incorporated in a variety of applications such as an aggregate substitute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Inventor: Wendell Judd
  • Publication number: 20040134863
    Abstract: A system for use in filtering a slurry using air pressure to squeeze the slurry material and dewatering it. The system including a source of slurry, a chamber, a filter belt that passes through the chamber, a manifold inlet supplying the slurry to a first side of the filter belt to form a uniform moist cake of the filter material, an inlet seal and an outlet seal to seal a belt inlet nd a belt outlet formed on the chamber, and a source of the pressurized air selectively applicable to the chamber to dry the moist cake of filtered material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2003
    Publication date: July 15, 2004
    Inventor: Floyd G. Tapp
  • Patent number: 6761820
    Abstract: A paint overspray particulate filtration system includes a collection tank, a floatation consolidation tank, and a vacuum filter assembly having a filter medium that traverses a pair of vacuum chambers. A positive displacement vacuum producer for the first vacuum chamber discharges a first supply of pressurized air at a temperature preferably greater than about 170° F. and a pressure preferably greater than about 6 psig, while a centrifugal compressor discharges a second supply of pressurized air at a temperature of perhaps up to 110° F. and at a pressure of perhaps 4 psig. The first pressurized air supply is heat exchanged with the second pressurized air supply, whereupon the cooled first pressurized air supply is directed through a submerged diffuser nozzle to aerate the collection tank and/or the consolidation tank. The warmed second pressurized air supply is directed onto the paint sludge carried atop the filter medium to enhance sludge dewatering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Air and Liquid Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: James E. Miller
  • Publication number: 20040050802
    Abstract: A filter-dryer apparatus employing a single container for both filtering and drying operations including a container holding a material to be filtered and dried, adapted to connect to a filter system and to connect to a fluid bed dryer system, and a process for separating particulates from liquids by the operations of filtration and drying, which includes the steps of providing a single container for both filtering and drying operations; introducing a mixture of particles and liquid to said container; connecting the container to a filter system and filtering the particulates from the liquid; detaching the container from the filter system; connecting the container to a fluid bed drying system and removing the liquid from the particulates to result in dry particulates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Publication date: March 18, 2004
    Inventors: John Patrick Banister, Robert R. Garner
  • Patent number: 6695077
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon contaminants in drill cuttings generated in an oil drilling operation are removed by mixing the drill cuttings with an agglomerant to produce a pre-treatment mixture; heating to vaporize the hydrocarbon contaminants under a condition in which vapor entrainable particles of the drill cuttings are agglomerated by the agglomerant, and caking of drill cuttings is inhibited; drill cuttings having a reduced content of the contaminant are removed, and vaporized hydrocarbons having a reduced content of vapor entrainable particles are recovered. In this way, the particulate content of vapors escaping from the drill cuttings is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: Q'Max Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Kazimierz S. Szymocha, Barry E. McIntyre
  • Patent number: 6638429
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for processing a watery substance, such as sludge or manure, wherein in a mixer-drier (33) the watery substance to be processed, which may or may not be mechanically partly dewatered (in 31) and/or preheated (in 32), is mixed with zeolites of type A, which adsorb water from the watery substance while releasing adsorption heat which causes an amount of moisture to evaporate, while from the mixer-drier vapor and a mixture of zeolites and dried matter are discharged, whereafter the zeolites are regenerated in an oven (35) through heating, and are returned to the mixer-drier after being separated from dry matter residue formed by the heating, such as ash, and released moisture. Prior to the supply to the oven, at least a part of the dried matter can be extracted by a separation device (34) the mixture formed in the mixer-drier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek TNO
    Inventors: Paulus Josephus Theodorus Bussmann, Jacob Boot
  • Publication number: 20030155158
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon contaminants in drill cuttings generated in an oil drilling operation are removed by mixing the drill cuttings with an agglomerant to produce a pre-treatment mixture; heating to vaporize the hydrocarbon contaminants under a condition in which vapor entrainable particles of the drill cuttings are agglomerated by the agglomerant, and caking of drill cuttings is inhibited; drill cuttings having a reduced content of the contaminant are removed, and vaporized hydrocarbons having a reduced content of vapor entrainable particles are recovered. In this way, the particulate content of vapors escaping from the drill cuttings is reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2002
    Publication date: August 21, 2003
    Inventors: Kazimierz S. Szymocha, Barry E. McIntyre