With Exhibitive Feature Patents (Class 215/203)
  • Patent number: 9445972
    Abstract: A monitor for monitoring a consumption of pills from a container, the monitor comprises: an interface; a controller; multiple sensors of different types, an alert element; and a transceiver that is configured to exchange information with one or more devices that differ from the monitor; wherein the interface is configured to interface with the container; wherein when the monitor interfaces with the container the multiple sensors are configured to (i) detect an attempt to consume a pill of the pills from the container and (ii) evaluate an amount of pills within the container; wherein the controller is configured to trigger an erroneous consumption alert when the attempt to consume the pill does not correspond to a desired pill consumption schedule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Inventors: Eli Arad, Nissim Zur
  • Patent number: 8703265
    Abstract: A holographic sealing member for a container including a heat actuated sealant or adhesive layer that secures the sealing member to a container. The sealing member also includes a metal foil sealing layer over and covering and bonded to the heat actuated sealant or adhesive layer, a holographic layer over and covering and bonded to the metal foil layer having an upper plastic layer and a lower embossed image layer, and a tab over and covering and bonded to the upper plastic layer. The tab may be pulled to remove the tab and the plastic layer from a container, thereby exposing the lower embossed image layer which may then be perforated to gain access to the contents of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Selig Sealing Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert William Thorstensen-Woll, Joseph Smelko
  • Publication number: 20140054256
    Abstract: A closure having a child resistant mode and a non-child resistant mode includes a circumferential side wall and a divider wall for forming a first section cavity and a second section cavity. The divider is disposed between the first section and the second section for closing an opening of the container when the closure is installed on the container in the non-child resistant mode and the child resistant mode. In certain embodiments, a first liner is disposed in the first section such that the first liner is visible when the closure is installed on the container in the child resistant mode and a second liner is disposed in the second section such that the second liner is visible when the closure is installed on the container in the non-child resistant mode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: Tri State Distribution, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Miceli, Joseph A. Miceli
  • Patent number: 8356434
    Abstract: A labeling system comprises a wall enclosing a space and a container for holding a retractable label, the container laterally disposed in relation to the space. The retractable label is configured to extend out of and retract into the container. In some embodiments, the wall at least partially defines a container cap. In other embodiments, the wall at least partially defines another container for holding material, such as, e.g., material of medicinal utility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Inventor: Ehsan Alipour
  • Patent number: 7682696
    Abstract: The packaged medical article can comprise the medical article and a protective layer capable of inhibiting exposure of the medical article to a color change activator prior to use of the medical article. The medical article comprises a plastic portion and an active color changing specie, wherein the color changing specie is capable of changing color after exposure to a color change activator. The method for producing a medical article can comprise: combining thermoplastic resin with a blocked color changing specie to form a resin mixture and manufacture processing the resin mixture to form a packaged medical article. This manufacturing processing comprises forming the resin mixture into the medical article and packaging the medical article to form a packaged medical article. The color changing specie will not affect the structural integrity of the medical article when it changes color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: Sabic Innovative Plastics IP B.V.
    Inventors: Jennifer Dean, David B. Engel, David Gascoyne, Jessica Hanley Budris, Daniel R. Olson, Radislav Potyrailo, Philippe Schottland, Marc Wisnudel
  • Publication number: 20090166311
    Abstract: A pharmaceutical closure is made from rubber or thermoplastic elastomer and has an amount of TiO2 present in the closure. The closure has a marking made by laser thereon. A method for manufacturing the closure consists of producing a rubber sheet, forming a plurality of closures on the rubber sheet, with the closures remaining integrally connected with each other through remaining sheet parts, marking each of the closures with a laser marking, and separating the closures from each other by punching.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2007
    Publication date: July 2, 2009
    Inventor: Albert Louis Victor Jozef Claessens
  • Publication number: 20090159544
    Abstract: A bottle for a medicine is disclosed. The bottle may have a base portions a threaded neck portion, a child resistant cap and a grip portion. The bottle may be part of a kit having other bottles without a grip section. The bottle may be part of a retail display system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Inventor: Michael P. Tune
  • Patent number: 7000791
    Abstract: A closure for medicine vials, comprising a cap and a rotatable detented indicator arranged to indicate the last pill or medicine dose taken. The indicator may be transparent with numbers that are rendered visible by contrast with the cap color. The indicator may use 12 detented positions, a number evenly divisible by the common prescription quantities of 2, 3, 4, and 6 per day.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2006
    Inventor: Mark H. Miller
  • Patent number: 5984122
    Abstract: A closure for a container, including means for counting and indicating the number of times the closure has undergone a cycle of closing and opening the container, and further including means for incorporating the closure into means for resisting the opening of the container by a child.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: Senetics, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan Barker, Gage Garby
  • Patent number: 5803283
    Abstract: A closure for a container, including means for counting and indicating the number of times the closure has undergone a cycle of closing and opening the container, and further including means for incorporating the closure into means for resisting the opening of the container by a child.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Assignee: Senetics, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan E. Barker, Gage Garby
  • Patent number: 5732836
    Abstract: A closure for a container, including means for counting and indicating the number of times the closure has undergone a cycle of closing and opening the container, and further including means for incorporating the closure into means for resisting the opening of the container by a child.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1998
    Assignee: Senetics, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan Barker, Gage Garby
  • Patent number: 5615787
    Abstract: A condition indicating child-resistant closure having an inner cap captivated within an outer cap wherein the caps are freely rotatable relative to each other when the closure is in the child-resistant mode, and are interconnected to each other for removal from a container when the closure is in the non-child-resistant mode. An indicating post is connected to the top wall of the inner cap and is adapted to be contained wholly within a space between the inner and outer caps and therefore not visible when the closure is in the child-resistant mode, the post being extendable through the top wall of the outer cap and therefore visible when the closure is in the non-child-resistant mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1997
    Inventor: Glenn H. Morris, Sr.
  • Patent number: 5375635
    Abstract: An apparatus for preventing the refilling and reuse of a container after it has dispensed its original contents without being evident of tampering. Refilling is prevented by a lockout device having an armed position and a closed position. The lockout device is in the armed position until attached to a filling apparatus. The pressure caused by a carrier dispensed from the apparatus through the lockout device causes the lockout device to spin to a closed and locked position. In the closed and locked position, the container cannot be refilled. A seal is provided above the lockout device and the device can only be rearmed and container refilled after the seal has been removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Roussel-Uclaf
    Inventor: Robert J. Tice
  • Patent number: 5283061
    Abstract: A color display facsimile of a cosmetic product comprised of the formulation of an original cosmetic product and prescribed amounts of each of a thermoplastic, copolymeric hardening agent and a hydrocarbonous-based temperature control component. The resultant display facsimile is capable of exhibiting the exact-likeness characteristics of true color, size, and shape of the original cosmetic product. The method for preparing said color display facsimile is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 1, 1994
    Assignee: Revlon Consumer Products Corporation
    Inventors: Melvin E. Kamen, Philip Bernstein, Rene T. Rivero
  • Patent number: 5265744
    Abstract: A tamper-proof cap for containers, bottles and the like comprising a first driven member and a second drive member concentrically mounted on the first member and having a window through which a visible signal may be observed by a viewer. A rupturable capsule containing signal media is supported on the first driven member and displays a signal of first characteristic through the window. Upon opening the cap by causing the drive member to engage the driven member, the capsule ruptures causing the signal media to display a signal of a second characteristic through the window indicative of the fact that an attempt had been made to open the cap. In an alternative embodiment, a lens mounted on the window portion of the drive member enables viewing of the signal characteristic when the containers bearing the caps of the invention are stored on a relatively high shelf.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Inventors: Billy Duty, Ellen McClanahan, Randy Newberry
  • Patent number: 5261548
    Abstract: A closure for a container, including means for counting and indicating the number of times the closure has undergone a cycle of closing and opening the container, and further including means for incorporating the closure into means for resisting the opening of the container by a child.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: Senetics, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan Barker, Gage Garby
  • Patent number: 5201440
    Abstract: A container closure includes a body for mounting on the container. The body defines a dispensing orifice. A flow control device, such as a lid, is disposed on the body for being moved between positions opening and closing the dispensing orifice. A tamper-indicating member is provided as a unitary extension from the lid. A first frangible web connects the member to the lid. An anchor is connected with a second frangible web to another portion of the tamper-indicating member, and the anchor is retained by the closure body. The tamper-indicating member also includes a graspable pull tab. The tab can be pulled to completely sever the frangible webs connecting the tamper-indicating member to the lid and to the anchor. This permits the lid to be opened while providing evidence of tampering with the closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1993
    Assignee: Seaquist Closures, a division of Pittway Corporation
    Inventor: Richard A. Gross
  • Patent number: 5190175
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, an irreversible tamper evident system for a closure such as a button closure is provided. The irreversible tamper evidence system is provided by an appearance change system carried by the flexible button portion of the closure. The appearance change system comprises a liquid crystal material and a liquid crystal poison. When the button is depressed such as upon initial closure of the container, the liquid crystal material is separated from the liquid crystal poison and optical properties of the liquid crystal material are viewable. When the container is opened the flexing the button forces the liquid crystal poison into contact with the liquid crystal material and the optical properties of the liquid crystal material are irreversibly altered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Continental White Cap, Inc.
    Inventor: Frank J. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 5104704
    Abstract: A tamper evident over-wrap is disclosed which employs a multi-layered system including three overlapping layers of containment material and two interleaved layers of reactive material, at least one of which is a gel. Upon formation of an opening of the middle layer of containment material, the previously-isolated layers of reactive material will intermingle and react. These materials react to form a color change. By using a gel, manifestations of tampering attempts are considerably enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: Temple University
    Inventors: Mortimer M. Labes, Ranganath Parthasarathy
  • Patent number: 5082130
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a child resistance container and lid which utilizes a semi-flexible ring. The snap lid which is utilized in the present invention container is substantially set into the top of the container and this lid has one component of either an extended lift member or an indented lift guide. The ring has the other component of either the extended lift member or the indented lift guide. When the ring is rotated, the snap lid cannot be opened. The snap lid can only be opened when the ring is simultaneously squeezed and rotated. In an alternative embodiment, the two component lift system is utilized wherein both components extend outwardly rather than one extending outwardly and one indented. They have geometric configurations so that one first slides past the other and then, in their reverse motion, one lifts the other so as to lift up a lid during operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1992
    Assignee: Primary Delivery Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Jack Weinstein
  • Patent number: 5062541
    Abstract: A closure cap for an automotive fuel tank displays informational indicia on one or more flags which are caused to project from the periphery of the cap when the cap is twisted for removal from the tank filler tube. The cap is constructed with two coaxially mounted plate members which are rotatably moveable relative each other by the act of twisting the cap off or on the filler cap. The relative movement of the two plates is utilized to propel the flags back and forth between one position in which the flags are disposed substantially entirely within the periphery of the cap and another position in which the flags extend substantially beyond the periphery of the cap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1991
    Assignee: U-Haul International, Inc.
    Inventor: Vincent J. Galbo
  • Patent number: 5054633
    Abstract: A tamper evident safety closure for containers composed of an assembly of an inner cap and an outer cap, the inner cap provided with threading for screwing onto the mouth of a container. The outer cap can be depressed over the inner cap against a resilient force and the caps can be unscrewed from a container only after depressing the outer cap. A central upstanding part on the inner cap cooperates with a bridging wall portion, bridging a central opening in the top wall of the outer cap and connected thereto by a rupturable connection. There is an asymmetry in these parts so that the bridging wall portion does not rupture instantaneously all around its periphery but either remains connected to the outer cap with showing plastic deformation or ruptures gradually around its periphery or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: Technoplast B.V.
    Inventor: Tjerk Reijenga
  • Patent number: 4927036
    Abstract: A tamper evident device is disclosed herein comprising in its most basic form a light guide with finished ends; one of which serves to collect light, the other to emit said light to serve as a light emitting indicator. The invention is attached to closures and containers so that upon opening, the light path is interrupted causing the indicator to go dark, thus signalling a tampered condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Inventor: Edward P. Diehl Pojedinec
  • Patent number: 4905851
    Abstract: This invention relates to tamper evident closures and packages for indicating teh condition of the packages and particularly to caps for containers or bottles having a stretchable portion which can change color and a separable from the cap, all to provide a clear and unequivocal indicator of the condition of the container or bottle, e.g., that it has been opened or tampered with.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignee: Tri-Tech Systems International, Inc.
    Inventor: Mortimer S. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4802438
    Abstract: This application is directed to an invention which involves a medicine bottle which includes: (a) a container having a bottom, a side wall structure, with a shoulder section of said side wall structure tapering inwardly and upwardly towards a neck, a neck with a cross sectional area less than that of the side wall structure, said neck having a generally cylindrical configuration, a cap engagement means about said neck, an opening at the top of said neck, a circular flange about said neck below said cap engagement means, said circular flange having a specific outer diameter, and a fixed container marker located on said side wall structure; (b) a cap capable of engagement with said cap engagement means of said container; and, (c) a tapered collar having a top diameter and a bottom diameter wherein said top diameter is narrower than said bottom diameter, said top diameter being slightly less than the outer diameter of said circular flange and said bottom diameter being less than the greatest width of said should
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Inventor: Antonia R. DeJonge
  • Patent number: 4801028
    Abstract: The invention relates to a safety closure device 1 for a container, the device including an inner and an outer cap coacting together. On initial depression of the outer cap 3 of the device when on a neck of a container, the lower (as viewed) surface of a frangible disc 18 in the outer cap bears on the upper surfaces (as viewed) of a boss 17 on the inner cap. The boss has a greater diameter than the disc 18 but a smaller diameter than a circular aperture in the outer cap 3 in which the disc 18 is situated. The boss 17 rides into the aperture when pressure is applied to the outer cap, bearing on lugs 19 and 20 holding disc 18 and rupturing them; the pressure being considerably increased where the lugs bear on the sharp edge of the boss at the transition from the uppermost surface to the boundary wall thereof. The disc 18 is released when lugs 19 and 20 rupture, to "spring" out of the aperture and away from the closure device leaving a circular hole behind.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1989
    Assignee: Spectra King Precision Engineers Limited
    Inventors: Peter J. Puresevic, Julian D. Taylor
  • Patent number: 4763801
    Abstract: A dispensing closure for attachment to the finish of a bottle and a package which includes a bottle and such a dispensing closure attached to the finish thereof. The closure includes a molded plastic body portion with an irregular, generally horizontal top structure and a dispensing opening in such top structure, a pivotable member which is frictionally and pivotally attached to the top structure and which is pivotable in a vertical plane between a generally horizontal, closing position and an upright, open or dispensing position in which a dispensing passage in the pivotable member is aligned with the dispensing opening in the body portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1988
    Assignee: Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph D. Nycz
  • Patent number: 4756451
    Abstract: A child resistant dispensing closure of the type having a cap and a spout mounted thereon for rotation about a substantially horizontal axis. The upper surface of the cap is provided with a pattern of ribs. The upper surface of the spout is provided with a plurality of ribs, each of which has a distinct energy plane. All but one of the energy planes fails to allow sufficient purchase on their respective ribs and fails to produce the proper force vector required in order to initiate rotation of the spout when a manual force is applied to the latter energy planes. Only one of the energy planes is adapted so as to allow sufficient purchase and to produce the proper force vector required in order to initiate rotation of the spout when a manual force is applied to said one plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1988
    Assignee: Polytop Corporation
    Inventor: Woodrow S. Wilson
  • Patent number: 4664273
    Abstract: A child-resistant container including in combination a container and a threadedly engaged closure means. The interior of the closure means is provided with compressible sealing means for fluid-tight sealing of the container. The neck of the container is provided with outwardly radial projections and the skirt of the closure is provided with inwardly radial grooves to engage said projections and provide a child resistance means. The closure means has an indicating marker and the marker is visually aligned with a visible feature of the container when the container is both sealed and in the child-resistant mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Inventor: B. Kenneth Simon
  • Patent number: 4646926
    Abstract: Safety closures resistant to (and evidencing) tampering comprising a snap cap or screw cap, a rotary safety ring, and a tear tab attached to the neck of the container, said closure requiring that the tear tab be removed before the safety ring can be lowered; the safety ring must be aligned with the cap in one angular position and pushed downwardly away from the cap before the cap can be removed from the container. These safety closures may include a tear pin, attached to the cap and to the ring, which must be broken before the cap can be removed from the container; the tear pin may be in addition to, or an alternative for, the tear tab. The tear pin and tear tab are made to be removable. This invention describes a tamper resistant and tamper evident closure comprising a cap having a depending annular flange with a slot therein, and an outwardly directed wing protruding through said slot; the cap cannot be removed without causing the cap to shear off the outwardly directed wing, which is made to be removable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1987
    Assignee: Robert Linkletter Associates, Inc.
    Inventors: Albert J. Agbay, Ralph H. Thomas, Sr.
  • Patent number: 4641759
    Abstract: A twist-type closure for bottles. The closure includes an inner member with a disk-like portion and a depending peripheral lip, which is adapted on the interior to match the particular closure provision of the bottle. Projecting upward from the disk portion is a neck terminating in a closed flange having, in one embodiment, a slightly greater diameter than the neck. An outer member generally surrounds, and is rotatable with respect to, the inner member. This outer member also has a disk-like portion and a depending peripheral lip. The outer member has a central opening to permit receiving the flange therethrough to assemble the closure. Between the disk portions of the inner and outer members is a biasing member to normally maintain these portions separated but allow movement toward each other when pressure is applied to the outer member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 10, 1987
    Inventor: John Kelley
  • Patent number: 4634012
    Abstract: A closure for bottles having twist-type closure provision. The closure includes an inner member with a disk-like portion and a depending peripheral lip having an interior adapted to match the particular closure provision of the bottle. A neck projecting from the disk portion terminates in a closed flange having a slightly greater diameter than the neck. An outer member, rotatable with respect to the inner member, has a disk-like portion and a depending peripheral lip equally spaced from that of the inner member and has a central opening of a diameter intermediate that of the neck and the flange to permit snapping the flange through the opening to assemble the closure. A spring between the disk portions of the members normally maintain these portions separated but allows movement toward each other when pressure is applied to the outer member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1987
    Inventor: John Kelley
  • Patent number: 4595123
    Abstract: A tamper indicating closure cap of the type having a pivotable stopper closing a cap top orifice. The stopper has an integral flange overlying portions of the top and extending behind the pivotable member to preclude pivoting of the pivotable member. The flange is removable from the pivotable member and indicia formed in the container top underlying the flange is made visible by removal of the flange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1986
    Assignee: Owens-Illinois, Inc.
    Inventor: Sidney M. Libit
  • Patent number: 4588098
    Abstract: A closure cap is disclosed herein having a double latch closure system for controlling the rotation of the cap on a container and which includes an angular displaceable indicating marker for signifying unauthorized container opening. In one form, the cap includes a first container closure portion having upright, spaced apart driven segments and a second cover portion rotatably mounted on the first portion having downwardly depending driving segments interposed between selected ones of the driven segments so that clockwise or counterclockwise rotation of the cover portion translates into rotation of the closure portion via engagement of the driving segments with the driven segments. A pair of markers carried on the exterior of the closure and cover portion cooperate to indicate displacement of the cover portion from its initial or original position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1986
    Inventor: Zoltan Uzdy
  • Patent number: 4558794
    Abstract: A vessel for use with a closure member of type having a telltale therein for tamper indication and movable in first and second opposite senses relative to said vessel for joinder and removal. The vessel comprises the customary neck terminating in a vessel mouth and defining surface extent circumscribing the mouth and inclusive of vessel sealing surface and the neck has the typical threads for closure member securing thereon. In accordance with the invention, the vessel surface extent is adapted for engaging the telltale and is configured to effect first and second different engagements therewith respectively in the course of the first and second sense movements. With such facility, the vessel permits the telltale to be moved into closure relation with the sealing surface and to be selectively positively restrained from movement relative to the mouth in the initial phase of the second closure member movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1985
    Assignee: TBL Development Corporation
    Inventors: Edward J. Towns, Edward M. Brown
  • Patent number: 4555036
    Abstract: A safety closure, particularly safe in the hands of children, to safely close containers composed of an assembly of an inner cap and an outer cap, the inner cap provided with threading for screwing onto the mouth of a container. The outer cap can be depressed over the inner cap against a resilient force provided by lips coating with a conical surface. When depressed, teeth on the outer cap mesh with teeth on the inner cap to effect unscrewing of the closure. A ratchet provided by teeth on the inner cap cooperating with tangential protrusions on the outer cap enable onscrewing of the closure but prevent offscrewing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1985
    Assignee: Technoplast B.V.
    Inventors: Henricus A. M. Bekkers, Tjerk Reyenga
  • Patent number: 4553678
    Abstract: A safety cap assembly for bottles is of the type which permits unscrewing only when the cap is axially depressed and rotated to unscrew it, thereby disengaging a locking mechanism from a container thread abutment. This "push to turn" requirement makes the cap difficult for a child to remove. When the cap is rotated to unscrew it, a tamper film is marked or scored which mark is clearly visible through a clear area of the cap or through an aperture to indicate tampering. In addition, the locking mechanism is arranged to permit removal of elements which render the locking mechanism inoperative. This permits the cap to be used in a normal manner by persons that may have arthritis or other crippling diseases. Further, the cap may be utilized as a tamper indicating means alone without the child resistant feature for edible foodstuffs and liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1985
    Inventor: Arden L. Thorsbakken
  • Patent number: 4505399
    Abstract: A tamper-indicating device which is attached by adhesives to a closure and which includes a sheet of material, sensitive to an ambient condition such as light or oxygen, that effects a time-delayed, irreversible change in appearance in response to exposure to the condition, which is automatically exposed upon the opening of a closure, such as the removal of a bottle cap from a bottle. The device consists of a lower sheet impermeable to the ambient condition and shaped to be attached at an underside to a lower closure member, an intermediate sheet superposed to the lower sheet and including the sensitive material, and an upper sheet, impermeable to the ambient condition, and superposed to the intermediate sheet and shaped to be attached to an upper closure member. A first, relatively strong adhesive which is used to attach the lower sheet to the lower closure member and to the intermediate sheet, and to attach the upper sheet to the upper closure member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1985
    Inventor: Robert C. Weiner
  • Patent number: 4502605
    Abstract: A container closure integrity indicator having a first component comprised of a sheet of absorbent material permeated with an indicator dye in solution with a volatile solvent, and a second component comprised of a sheet of absorbent material permeated with a volatile activator solution, with preferably has a pH outside of the range of 5-7. The two components initially are sealed together, between a closed container surface and a superposed transparent cap member, so that the resulting liquid phase defined by the components characterized by a color, which is a function of any change to the liquid phase pH with respect to the relative amounts of dye, volatile solvent solution, and volatile activator solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1985
    Assignee: Denerik Creativity, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald R. Wloszczyna
  • Patent number: 4501370
    Abstract: A top for a pill or other medicine bottle having an externally threaded upper portion which receives the top. The top includes a cover which defines a recess having an internally threaded section for receiving the externally threaded portion of the bottle. The cover is proportioned for closing the upper portion of the bottle. Indicia in the form of numbers from one to twelve in the preferred embodiment are carried by the cover. A dial member rotatably mounted on the cover is moved by the user to indicate the time when the next dosage of medicine contained in the bottle is to be taken. In another embodiment means are provided to child proof the top such that children cannot inadvertently gain access to the bottle contents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1985
    Inventor: John A. Kelley
  • Patent number: 4500005
    Abstract: A tamper-evident cap assembly for a container with an externally screw-threaded top has an inner cap having an annular wall and an open lower end, the annular wall having an internal screw-thread to enable the inner cap to be screwed onto the top of the container by clockwise movement of the inner cap relative to the container. An outer cap has an annular wall, a closed upper end and an open lower end, the outer cap being fitted over the inner cap and retained in assembly with the inner cap. The annular walls of the inner and outer caps have mutually-engaging screw-threads to cause initial anticlockwise turning movement of the outer cap to result in angular movement of the outer cap relative to the inner cap. The inner and outer caps have cooperating ratchets to cause clockwise movement of the outer cap to be transmitted to the inner cap while permitting anticlockwise movement of the outer cap relative to the inner cap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1985
    Inventor: Jerry Forrester
  • Patent number: 4489841
    Abstract: A tamper evident closure and package including a resealable closure (10) for closing, opening and reclosing a container, color changing means (32a in FIGS. 1-6) which effect a color change upon stretching, and coacting mechanical means (24, 36, 44 and 46 in FIGS. 1-6) for uncapping and recapping the closure 10 and for stretching the color changing means (32a) which clearly and unequivocally indicate the condition of the package, e.g., open or closed.Where legends, or other well defined indicia, indicating opening is desired, the color changes can be localized in the skirt by providing thin sections (32a) which stretch preferentially and adjacent thicker sections (38) which remain substantially unstretched. The thin sections (32a) for example can be a legend, or alternatively the thick sections (38) can be the legend while the thin sections (32a) provide a suitable background.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1984
    Assignee: Tri-Tech Systems International, Inc.
    Inventor: Mortimer S. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4483449
    Abstract: A substantial tamper-resistant vial for pharmaceutical compounds and the like comprising a detachable disc insert assembly disposable within the dispensing opening of the vial and a connector member secured to the detachable disc insert assembly, the disc insert assembly and the connector member cooperating such that upon removal of the disc insert assembly an indicator signal is provided to inform a person that the detachable disc insert assembly has previously been removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1984
    Inventor: Marcus C. Jones
  • Patent number: 4448317
    Abstract: A tamper evident closure and package having a container (10), a resealable, substantially rigid closure (12) for closing, opening and reclosing the container (10), color changing means (32a in FIGS. 1-6) which effect a color change upon stretching, and coacting mechanical means (24, 36, 44 and 46 in FIGS. 1-6 ) for uncapping and recapping the closure 10 and for stretching the color changing means (32a) which clearly and unequivocally indicate the condition of the package, e.g., open or closed.Where legends, or other well defined indicia, indicating opening is desired, the color changes can be localized in the skirt by providing thin sections (32a) which stretch preferentially and adjacent thicker sections (38) which remain substantially unstretched. The thin sections (32a) for example can be a legend, or alternatively the thick sections (38) can be the legend while the thin sections (32a) provide a suitable background.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1984
    Assignee: Tri-Tech Systems International, Inc.
    Inventor: Mortimer S. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4446979
    Abstract: A tamper indicating closure including an outer cap and an inner liner which relies on relative movement of the outer cap and the inner liner during opening movement to indicate tampering of the container after it has been sealed for the first time, the relative movement being insured by a means which coact with the container to resist rotation of the liner and maintain the container in a sealed condition while the outer cap is being rotated in an opening direction. Once opened, the outer cap and the inner liner are maintained in a position for movement as a unit in both the opening and closing direction of the closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1984
    Assignee: Sunbeam Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Peter P. Gach, Randall G. Bush
  • Patent number: 4271971
    Abstract: A three component safety cap for threaded containers is operated entirely in a rotational mode between positions where the cap is safe or "child-proof" or unsafe for children in that it may be removed from the threaded container by simple rotation. Optionally, the safety cap may include a visual indicator of its safe or unsafe condition. Discomfort to the fingers and particularly the fingertips is avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1981
    Inventor: Glenn H. Morris
  • Patent number: 4069935
    Abstract: A screw-on child resistant double cap closure in which the inner screw cap has printing and coloration on the exterior surface of its crown and the cover is transparent. The cover and the screw cap include two halves of a selectively engagable, normally disengaged, torque coupling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1978
    Assignee: Ferdinand Gutmann & Co.
    Inventor: Alfred H. Hampel