Spacers Patents (Class 238/22)
  • Patent number: 8415707
    Abstract: A Group III nitride semiconductor device has a semiconductor region, a metal electrode, and a transition layer. The semiconductor region has a surface comprised of a Group III nitride crystal. The semiconductor region is doped with a p-type dopant. The surface is one of a semipolar surface and a nonpolar surface. The metal electrode is provided on the surface. The transition layer is formed between the Group III nitride crystal of the semiconductor region and the metal electrode. The transition layer is made by interdiffusion of a metal of the metal electrode and a Group III nitride of the semiconductor region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinji Tokuyama, Masaki Ueno, Masahiro Adachi, Takashi Kyono, Takamichi Sumitomo, Koji Katayama, Yoshihiro Saito
  • Patent number: 8302877
    Abstract: The first object of the present invention is to provide a derailment prevention guard which can be easily shunted outside the range of the ballast tamping work, the rail grinding work and the rail maintenance work, and has no problem on safety.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignees: Central Japan Railway Company, Yamato Trackwork System Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaki Seki, Takashi Kachi, Tomomi Funada, Takaaki Irie, Katsunari Konishi, Tetsuya Hanazaki
  • Patent number: 7891577
    Abstract: A derailment prevention guard includes a guard member (3) installed within a gauge and a support member (6) fixed to a sleeper (4) or a concrete slab track. The guard member (3) engages a hold member (8) moveable around an axis (7) supported by the support member (6) as turning center between a main rail (1) and the inside of the gauge on the sleeper. The support member (6) engages the hold member (8) by bolt (12) through turning the hold member (8) toward the main rail (1) around the central axis (7) as turning center on the sleeper (4), and the guard member (3) can be shunted inward by turning the hold member (8) toward the inside of the gauge around the central axis (7) as turning center on the sleeper (4) after loosening the bolt (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignees: Central Japan Railway Company, Yamato Trackwork System Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaki Seki, Takashi Kachi, Tomomi Funada, Takaaki Irie, Katsunari Konishi, Tetsuya Hanazaki
  • Patent number: 5651499
    Abstract: A railroad track is provided having a running rail and a guardrail which are spaced apart by self-locking separator blocks and mounted to base plates. The foot of the running rail fits within channels formed into each of the base plates, with an outward end of the foot secured within the channels by toe plates and an inward end of the foot secured within the channels by inward quick release fasteners. The guardrail is mounted atop the toe plates, outward from the running rail. Side brace plates and outward quick release fasteners are used to hold the guardrail against the separator blocks and on top of the toe plates. Vertical holes are formed into the foot of the guardrail, inward of the guardrail web and in the toe plate. The separator blocks each have a block extension which protrudes downward from the separator blocks through a respective one of the vertical holes in the guardrail foot and into one of the holes in the toe plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Progress Rail Services Corporation
    Inventors: James P. Mihailoff, Ricky D. Carroll
  • Patent number: 4386751
    Abstract: A switch point guard for railroad track having a guard or deflector rail positioned to prevent flanges of railroad wheels from striking the switch point. The guard rail is carried on support members for rigid retention in a fixed, predetermined position relative to the track. By this invention the guard rail is carried by horizontally positioned guard rail plate means attached to the side of the guard rail. Apertures are defined in the rail plate means with chock plates positioned in the apertures. The chock plates each define an aperture off center in the direction perpendicular to the guard rail, with the support members defining attached projecting members occupying the off-center apertures. Accordingly, peripheral edges of the chock plates occupy different positions depending upon which side of the chock plates faces toward the rail track. Thus the predetermined position of the guard rail can be varied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1983
    Assignee: Western-Cullen-Hayes, Inc.
    Inventor: J. Joe Meyer
  • Patent number: 4350290
    Abstract: A resilient rail fastener assembly for curved tracks includes a unitary base plate adapted to receive a load carrying rail which includes a pair of planar brace plates for maintaining the rail in a vertical orientation and reducing noise and vibration. More particularly, the rail fastener assembly includes a unitary base plate having an upstanding shoulder disposed on one side thereof, and a pair of spaced, planar upstanding brace plates disposed on the other side thereof and formed integrally with the base plate. An elastomeric pad is positioned between the base plate and the bottom of the rail, with the brace plates being disposed transverse to the longitudinal axis of the rail. The upper portion of each brace plate is disposed in abutting relationship with the upper portion of the rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1982
    Assignee: New York City Transit Authority
    Inventor: Charles J. Bush
  • Patent number: 4265401
    Abstract: An adjustable guard rail assembly is provided for use with a running rail and is made up of a plurality of spaced base plates having one end extending beneath the running rail, brace means fixed to each base plate adjacent the other end, a guard rail supported on said spaced base plates and abutting said braces, fastening means extending through said brace and guard rail and interchangeable spacer means on said fastening means interchangeable from one side of the guard rail to the other whereby the position of said guard rail with respect to the brace may be changed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1981
    Assignee: L. B. Foster Company
    Inventor: Bertie Jackson