Abstract: Burner for an oven for reheating siderurlogical products such as billets, blooms or slabs, or for heat treatment oven, which is equipped with a fuel injection device and with an oxidant feed body feeding feed orifices with oxidant, the burner having an axial direction; the injection device is designed to provide a central injection of fuel via an orifice in, or parallel to, the axial direction of the burner; the oxidant feed body includes two sets of four oxidant feed orifices, each set including two orifices situated above a horizontal plane passing through the axial direction of the burner, and two orifices situated below this plane, the orifices of a second set being further away from the horizontal plane than those of the first set, the geometric axes of the orifices of the two sets making angles of inclination with respect to the axial direction of the burner.
Abstract: A meso-scaled combustion system. In one aspect, the system has a housing with a housing wall, a top portion defining an exhaust port, and a bottom portion having a bottom surface. A combustion chamber is positioned therein the interior volume of the housing. The combustion chamber wall has a proximal portion adjacent the top portion of the housing and a distal portion spaced from the bottom surface of the housing. In another aspect, there is a lid that is in sealed relation with the housing wall and the combustion chamber wall. An annulus is defined by the lid, the combustion chamber wall, and the housing wall.
April 20, 2009
Date of Patent:
July 28, 2015
The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama
Abstract: An ejector (200; 300; 400) has a primary inlet (40), a secondary inlet (42), and an outlet (44). A primary flowpath extends from the primary inlet to the outlet. A secondary flowpath extends from the secondary inlet to the outlet. A mixer convergent section (114) is downstream of the secondary inlet. A motive nozzle (100) surrounds the primary flowpath upstream of a junction with the secondary flowpath to pass a motive flow. The motive nozzle has an exit (110). The ejector has surfaces (258, 260) positioned to introduce swirl to the motive flow.
April 10, 2012
March 27, 2014
Louis Chiappetta, JR., Parmesh Verma, Thomas D. Radcliff
Abstract: A swirler for fuel injection in a gas turbine engine includes a frustoconical swirler body. A first and a second air flow path direct air in generally opposed circumferential directions into the swirler. These air paths intermix and create turbulence. As this turbulence encounters fuel droplets, the fuel is atomized, and uniformly distributed within the air flow. A shear layer is created adjacent an inner surface of the swirler body. In a separate feature, a third air flow path is directed into the air.
Abstract: To enable a significant flow of liquid, gas or mixed hydrocarbons to be eliminated cleanly and safely, particularly during a well test phase, a burner comprises two concentric apertures, rotationally symmetrical about a common axis, enabling a hollow flame to be generated. The central aperture (20), intended for liquid or mixed products supplied by a conduit (12), consists of 2 concentric male (22) and female (21) conical parts, with the spacing (25) therebetween being continuously adjusted by the axial movement of the rod (23) which carries the male component (22) and which is centered by a centring component (24) in the conduit pipe (12), which carries the female component (21). The peripheral aperture (60), intended for gas products or an auxiliary airflow, also consists of two concentric male (62) and female (61) conical parts, between which the spacing (65) is not necessarily continuously variable during burning.
Abstract: A modular automatic spray gun manifold is provided. The manifold includes a plurality of spray gun modules arranged in an array in laterally spaced relation from each other. A junction element is arranged at an upstream end of the manifold. The junction element includes a liquid supply connection and a pressurized air connection. A first support assembly is arranged between the junction element and a first spray gun module in the spray gun module array for supporting the first spray gun module relative to the junction element. The first support assembly includes a plurality of fluid conduits for supplying fluid to the first spray gun module. The fluid conduits in the first support assembly communicate with the liquid supply and pressurized air supply connections of the junction element. A second support assembly is arranged between each adjacent pair of spray gun modules in the array of spray gun modules for supporting the adjacent pair of spray gun modules relative to each other.
Abstract: A vortex generator creates a waveform within a housing. The waveform evolves into a vortex as it exits an orifice of the housing. The vortex carries a bolus of active substances held within the housing. A different number of actives can be used. To form a waveform, the housing has a diaphragm with an actuator for moving the diaphragm. The housing may have a mechanism for facilitating directional pointing and/or causing oscillating movement of the housing to enable multi-directional targeting of the vortex.
February 6, 2004
Date of Patent:
June 13, 2006
S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
Stephen B. Leonard, Daniel J. Plankenhorn, Ralph W. Oakeson
Abstract: Atomizing nozzle for introducing a gas/liquid mixture into a chemical reformer to produce hydrogen, having at least one gas supply line (21) for a gas stream (20), at least one liquid supply line (25, 27) and at least one outlet (19) for the atomized gas/liquid mixture as well as a first chamber (24) into which the liquid supply line (25, 27) empties, with the chamber (24) having a chamber wall (16) that forms a lip (18) at the outlet end, on both sides of which a separate gas flow (20, 22) is supplied.
January 17, 2001
Date of Patent:
January 31, 2006
Robert Bosch GmbH
Michael Nau, Manfred Ruoff, Marc Bareis, Frank Ilgner
Abstract: Optical elements are made using micro-jet printing methods to precisely control the type, position and amount of polymer deposited onto a substrate. In preferred embodiments, the proportions of two or more different polymer compositions are varied over the course of the deposition process to deposit adjoining polymer pixels in the form of a film on the substrate surface. The optical properties of each adjoining polymer pixel can be selected to provide a predetermined optical property, including a specific value of index of refraction. Preferably, the film has a radially non-monotonic refractive index profile and/or an angularly non-monotonic refractive index profile.
Abstract: A conventional airless tip (18) is located in line in the fluid line (20) immediately down stream of the static mixer (16) in a plural components metering and mixing system (12). A pressure drip of 10-30 bar across the spray tip (18) provides enhanced mixing for aqueous and other hard-to-mix plural component materials.
Abstract: An applicator dispenses a pressurized fluid to a workpiece to be processed with an elongate housing having a first end and a second end. An enlarged annular flange extends radially from adjacent the first end of the housing and is connectable to a source of pressurized fluid. A tapered cone is formed on the second end to define a reduced diameter relative to the housing to enable streaming of the pressurized fluid to be applied. A separate mixer is positionable within the housing. Preferably, the mixer is moveable longitudinally with respect to the housing during use. The mixer includes a valve member connected to one end for movement relative to a valve seat defined by an inner surface of the cone. The valve member moveable between an opened position and a closed position. A piston is connected to an opposite end of the mixer from the cone to move the mixer longitudinally within the housing. The piston is moveable within a chamber between first and second end limits of movement.
Abstract: In an airless dispensing system, liquids may be dispensed at variable angles from substantially 0° to as much as 50°-60°, by a simple adjustment made by a dispenser operator without ceasing operation or disassembling the dispenser apparatus. A variable angle liquid dispenser comprises a nozzle having a forward face with a dispensing orifice, a first passageway in the nozzle having a central axis intersecting the dispensing orifice, a plurality of angled second passageways in the nozzle, each angled second passageway having a central axis intersecting the dispensing orifice and the central axis of the first passageway, and a variable flow control adjustable to vary the flows of liquid entering the first passageway and the plurality of angled second passageways and to thereby vary the included angle of the liquid dispensed from the dispensing orifice and the width of liquid that may be applied to a substrate.
Abstract: A spray dispensing device is provided which can be used with non-pressurized containers. The device includes passageways for directing streams of air and liquid to a mixing chamber wherein the liquid is broken up into droplets and emitted as a fine spray through an orifice. An annular air passageway is concentrically disposed around a liquid passageway, both of which lead to the mixing chamber wherein the annular stream of air will be deflected by tapered walls of the mixing chamber to converge and impinge open the core stream of liquid, at a point in proximity to the orifice. The device may include a dip tube for the liquid which is provided with a check valve for retaining liquid at a high level in the dip tube after each spray cycle so that spraying is nearly instantaneous upon actuation.
Abstract: An adjustable atomizing orifice liquid fuel burner having two distinct mechanisms for changing flame characteristics, the first of which involves changing the liquid fuel spray pattern exiting the fuel nozzle and the second of which involves adjusting the atomizing medium flow properties out of the atomizing venturi. A liquid fuel tubular member having a liquid fuel tip sealingly connected to the outlet end thereof is concentrically disposed within an atomizing fluid tubular member, the atomizing fluid outlet end of which forms a venturi. The liquid fuel tip is adjustable in a longitudinal direction within the venturi formed by the atomizing fluid outlet end of the atomizing fluid tubular member. The liquid fuel tip further comprises means for imparting a swirl to the liquid fuel as it exits the liquid fuel tip.
Abstract: An industrial gas burner is disclosed which operates at low air/fuel ratios to avoid NO.sub.x formation without carbon sooting. The burner includes a refractory block having a cylindrically stepped throat passage extending therethrough, a housing adjacent the inlet end of the refractory block and a swirl plate inbetween the block and housing. Vane passages in the swirl plate provide fluid communication between the throat passage and an annular entrainment passage in the housing. A plurality of circumferentially spaced gas jet nozzles in the entrainment passage cause jet entrainment and mixing of fuel and combustion air which is ported to the entrainment chamber. The jet streams of mixed air/fuel impinge the swirl plate whereat the mixture undergoes a further mixing because of the pressure drop and swirling therein. The swirling air/fuel mixture is thus intimately and thoroughly mixed when it exits the swirl plate as a swirling mass at the entry end of the throat passage where it is ignited.
Abstract: An air-cooled oxygen-gas burner for use with a direct fired furnace. The burner comprises a body formed from three concentric metal tubes supported in a cylindrical housing secured about a conical bore in a refractory side wall of a furnace. The three concentric tubes have a cone shaped inner end which are adjustable to define a nozzle with annular openings therebetween of variable size to vary the shape of a flame produced by a mixture of combustible gas, oxygen and air fed under pressure, respectively, in each of two chambers defined between the three concentric metal tubes and a chamber defined between the tubes and the cylinder housing. The combustible gas is fed in the inner chamber, the oxygen in the intermediate chamber, while the air is fed in the outer chamber to cool the concentric tube assembly and the furnace refractory about the burner nozzle.
June 3, 1992
Date of Patent:
June 8, 1993
Gaz Metropolitan & Co., Ltd. and Partnership
Abstract: A spray dispensing device is provided which can be used with non-pressurized containers. The device includes passageways for directing streams of air and liquid to a mixing chamber wherein the liquid is broken up into droplets and emitted as a fine spray through an orifice. The device includes a dip tube for the liquid which is provided with a check valve for retaining liquid at a high level in the dip tube after each spray cycle so that spraying is nearly instantaneous upon actuation.
Abstract: This invention relates to a nozzle which is capable of selectively dispensing a liquid product as a foam or a spray. A swirl chamber delivers a vortical sheet from the nozzle orifice. The nozzle features a movable chamber which can be moved to a point where it offers no interference with the vortical sheet and thus the spray mode of delivery is effected. The chamber can be moved to a point where interference with the vortical sheet is effected and the formation of a turbulent film is realized. Gas passageways are provided to achieve aeration of the turbulent film and the resultant dispensing of the liquid as a foam.
Abstract: A gas appliance, preferably a torch, is provided with an orifice tube stationary with respect to its housing and receptive of combustible gas and an orifice gas-tightly mounted in the orifice tube for movement along the longitudinal axis of the orifice tube. A burner tube in communication with the orifice tube via the orifice is mounted for slidable movement along the longitudinal axis of the orifice tube in conjunction with the orifice to maintain the relative position of the orifice and burner tube during movement along the orifice tube. A valve in the orifice tube is actuatable in response to the movement of the orifice means in one direction to permit gas to pass into the orifice means and in response to the movement of the orifice means in the opposite direction into a rest position to prevent the flow of gas into the orifice means. An igniter is also responsive to the movement of the orifice to effect a spark in the burner tube to ignite gas permitted to pass by the valve.
Abstract: A proportional regulation oil burner of low-pressure air type, wherein a second separate air nozzle is disposed between the oil nozzle and the first air nozzle, and a small amount of low-temperature air is fed into the second air nozzle to prevent the oil nozzle from becoming higher in temperature, whereby heavy oil can be used even when the preheating air of high temperature is used.
Abstract: A burner adapted for use with alternative fluid fuels is provided. The burner includes a cartridge that comprises a nozzle with passage means therein. The nozzle passage means include an entrance adapted to receive a liquid fuel and a plurality of exit ports to discharge the liquid fuel in the direction of the combustion zone. An annular channel is formed around the nozzle and is adapted to supply a gaseous fuel or an atomizing agent for the liquid fuel to slot means, which tangentially communicate with each exit port so that the respective fluids passing through the exit ports and slot means intimately mix and are directed to the combustion zone. Fin means associated with the cartridge impart a swirling pattern to combustion air admitted into the furnace cavity.
Abstract: A dispensing apparatus is provided for mixing and spraying A and B components of urethane foam plastic whereby urethane foam plastic may be sprayed in place. The gun includes structure whereby a solvent for the A and B components may be readily utilized to thoroughly flush the A and B component valves, the mixing chamber and the mixer for the discharge nozzle and is further constructed in a manner whereby the material handling valves will not be distorted by the materials handled thereby and the gun may be temporarily shutdown for short periods or overnight without the need to turn the flow selectors for the components A and B to the off positions thereof. Further, the gun is constructed in a manner whereby the control valves are simultaneously actuatable and the flow selectors and the rotation limiting slots thereof may be lubricated to prevent drying out of the A and B components during an overnight shutdown of the gun preventing the flow selectors from being turned.
Abstract: A nozzle assembly in which the nozzle closes the end of angularly disposed air ducts, the nozzle having a central axial air passageway and a plurality of radially directed air passageways, the radially directed air passageways converging in arcuate paths toward the axis of the central passageway. Elements defining the central passageway are movable toward and away from each other to provide for a variable annular opening through which liquid, such as a pesticide, is introduced into the axial passageway and discharged with the air as a fog. In one embodiment of the invention, a motor controls the positioning of one element defining the central air passageway.
Abstract: A foam generating unit is adjustably mounted for longitudinal movement on a liquid sprayer having an orifice which provides a diverging liquid stream directed into the inlet of the foam generating unit. The foam generating unit includes a foam-generating section most advantageously having a pressure-reducing inlet passageway section including a preferably sharply outwardly tapering portion leading to a throat portion. Air inlet ports are provided communicating with the pressure-reducing passageway, through which ports air is drawn by the reduced pressure caused by the pressure-reducing passageway. The desired foaming action is achieved by adjusting the points of the pressure-reducing passageway section struck by the stream by moving the foam generating unit relative to the orifice.
Abstract: A burner gun to provide a narrow spray pattern under high or low fire conditions, having a nozzle with an elongated tunnel passage therein which nozzle is spacially adjustable with respect to a spray tip; the spray tip has an oil swirl chamber with an axially movable piston to obstruct in varying degree oil intake ports in the swirl chamber, to reduce the flow when low fire operation is required.
Abstract: A burner for burning crude or contaminated oil comprises a body defining a bore open at both ends, at one of which the oil is burnt, air being drawn into the flame through the bore, and an annular oil inlet in the bore wall such that air flowing through the bore to the flame will draw oil from the inlet in atomised form, will mix with it and will carry it into the flame. The burner is surrounded by an annular water ring provided with nozzles for spraying water into the flame.
Abstract: A foam generating nozzle is made either as an attachment to an existing liquid spray nozzle unit or as a pre-manufactured assembly and includes a foam-generating section having a pressure-reducing passageway including a preferably sharply outwardly tapering portion leading to a venturi-forming throat portion, and adapted to receive the liquid stream issuing from an inlet orifice. Air inlet ports are provided communicating with the pressure-reducing passageway, through which ports air is drawn by the reduced pressure caused by the pressure-reducing passageway. Optimum foaming action is achieved by adjusting the point of the pressure-reducing passageway struck by the stream which is most advantageously achieved by adjusting the angle of the stream issuing from the orifice so the widest portion thereof strikes the end section of the tapering portion of the passageway.