With Separate Operator Therefor Patents (Class 239/585.2)
  • Patent number: 10619756
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a gas solenoid valve for controlling a flow rate of a gas. The gas solenoid valve includes a valve plug to be displaced in the main body between a closed position where the flow path is closed and an open position where the flow path is opened. The main body includes a retainer and a valve seat. The valve plug includes an armature surface and a valve part, the armature surface being displaced in accordance with the magnetic field, the valve part being formed integrally with the armature surface. The armature surface includes an opposed surface that is opposed to the retainer and contacts with the retainer when the valve plug is in the open position, so as to determine an amount of displacement of the armature surface. At least one of the opposed surface and a surface of the retainer is roughened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: NABTESCO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroshi Akase, Daiki Ogino
  • Patent number: 10428779
    Abstract: A fuel injector for direct injection of fuel into a combustion chamber includes: a housing having at least one combustion chamber-side injection aperture; a linearly movable valve needle for opening and closing the injection aperture; a solenoid; an armature which is linearly movable by the solenoid; and a first sleeve attached to the armature. A first stop surface facing away from the combustion chamber is formed on the first sleeve, and a second stop surface facing the combustion chamber is formed on the valve needle, the first and second stop surfaces striking one another when the valve needle and/or the armature is/are moved linearly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Kleindl, Cornelia Giessler
  • Patent number: 10234051
    Abstract: An electropneumatic magnet valve for a pneumatically actuated field device can include a valve member, an electromagnetic controller, a magnet valve member, and an activator. The valve member can be moveable between at least two operating positions for ventilating and/or exhausting a magnet valve exit. The electromagnetic controller can move the valve member between the operating positions. The magnet valve member operator can move, additionally with respect to the electromagnetic controller, the valve member independently of an operation of the electromagnetic controller. The valve member operator can include an activator to selectively generate/provide a magnetic field for contact free operation of the valve member via which the magnet valve member operator is changeable between a passive operating condition and an active operating condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSON AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventor: Stefan Kolbenschlag
  • Patent number: 9689360
    Abstract: The invention relates to an actuator (1) comprising a housing (8), a coil (29) and an armature (2) which interacts with a tappet (30) and a spring, the armature plate (3) thereof being arranged to lie opposite an armature counterpiece (16), and said actuator (1) comprising at least one magnetostrictively-active component. According to the invention, an actuator (1) is provided with which large actuating paths can be travelled at high actuating forces. This is achieved by the actuator (1) additionally being designed to act as a solenoid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Marco Beier, Andreas Rettich, Thomas Pauer, Mario Ricco
  • Patent number: 9651010
    Abstract: Provided is a direct spray fuel injector including a bundle of opening/closing valves, wherein the bundle of opening/closing valves includes: a valve needle that is disposed within a valve housing; an electromagnetic coil that is installed at a side opposite to the spray hole of the valve needle; an armature that is coaxially mounted on an outer circumferential surface of the valve needle to be slidable in an axial direction; and a pressurizing spring that is installed to pressurize the valve needle toward the spray hole and causes the valve needle to close the spray hole in normal times, and the bundle of opening closing valves is configured to pressurize the valve needle by the armature so that bounce generated when the valve needle in an open state approaches the spray hole so as to close the spray hole is able to be attenuated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: HYUNDAI KEFICO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hyoung Jin Kim, Kang Hun Lee
  • Patent number: 9328840
    Abstract: A solenoid is operated so as to be switched between a closed valve state in which the valve element is brought into contact with the valve seat by application of a spring force and an open valve state in which an electric current is passed through a coil (16) and the valve element is separated from the valve seat by a magnetic force. A fixed iron core (15) has a U-shape, and magnetically-attracting surfaces (26) are provided on respective ends thereof. A resin case (17) into which the fixed iron core (15) and the coil (16) are incorporated is provided with a bottom surface (27) having openings through which the magnetically-attracting surfaces (26) are exposed to the outside. A case contact surface (51) protruding toward a movable element in comparison with the magnetically-attracting surfaces (26) is formed on the bottom surface (27) of the case (17). Resin films (52) are provided on the respective magnetically-attracting surfaces (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Koganei Corporation
    Inventor: Toshiaki Tsuchizawa
  • Patent number: 9309986
    Abstract: An electromagnetically actuated valve includes at least one sleeve and a magnet armature. A magnetic core is arranged in a stationary manner in the at least one sleeve. The magnet armature is configured to actuate a valve element and is axially movable. An elastically deformable spring element is clamped and retained between a core end face of the magnetic core facing the magnet armature and an armature end face of the magnet armature facing the magnetic core. The spring element forms at least one contact point in conjunction with the armature end face and the core end face. The contour of the spring element, the armature end face and/or the core end face are formed in the radial extent such that a radial position of the at least one contact point changes as a function of a distance of the armature end face from the core end face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Heyer, Frank Kaestner, Norbert Alaze, Dietmar Kratzer
  • Patent number: 9212639
    Abstract: A dual fuel injector utilizes first and second control valves to open and close first and second nozzle outlet sets to inject a first fuel and a second fuel, respectively. The first and second control valves have concentric lines of action, and include a self alignment feature with respect to a flat seat. The two fuels may differ in at least one of chemical identity, matter phase and pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Hoisan Kim, Dana R. Coldren, Mayank Mittal
  • Patent number: 9109556
    Abstract: A fuel injection device includes a cylinder defining a pressure chamber at an end portion of a nozzle needle. In the cylinder, a floating plate is provided as a controlling member of fuel pressure. An orifice member and a nozzle body are lined by an annular positioning member, using a circular peripheral surface of the orifice member and a circular peripheral surface of the nozzle body as a reference surface. Thereby, radial locations of the nozzle body and the orifice member are defined. Furthermore, a location of the floating plate is defined by the nozzle body with the nozzle needle. Therefore, the floating plate can be located to a proper location relative to the orifice member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Naofumi Adachi, Tsukasa Yamashita
  • Patent number: 8998114
    Abstract: A reagent injector with a cartridge design has a body with a reagent inlet, outlet, and a swirl chamber, which has an exit orifice that may be covered and uncovered by a solid, movable pintle. Reagent flows through the injector when the exit orifice is covered and uncovered to cool the injector. An insulator may be disposed between the injector body and a mounting flange connectable to an exhaust system. A flow path ensures cooling of an electromagnetic actuator. Reagent may bypass an orifice swirl chamber when the pintle blocks the exit orifice. Fluid may flow between an outside diameter of a pole piece and an inside diameter of an electromagnetic actuator, through an orifice chamber and return through a central bore housing a solid pintle, around which fluid may flow. Different inner injector body passages may direct fluid into an orifice distribution chamber and out to the solid pintle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith Olivier, Stephen Thomas, John Lowry
  • Patent number: 8998115
    Abstract: An injection valve for injecting fuel into an internal combustion engine may include an actuator, an injection needle associated with a sealing seat, and a transmission unit that establishes an effective connection between the actuator and the injection needle. The transmission unit may include a pressure chamber including two movable pistons that are guided within a movable pot. The first piston may be guided through a bottom of the pot while maintaining a first sealing gap, and the second piston may be guided within a sleeve section of the pot while maintaining a second sealing gap. One piston may be effectively connected to the injection needle, while the other piston may be effectively connected to the actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Sven Jaime Salcedo, Michael Knoller
  • Patent number: 8967502
    Abstract: A dual fuel injector may be used to injector both gas and liquid fuel into a cylinder of a compression ignition engine. An injector body defines a first set of nozzle outlets, a second set of nozzle outlets, a first fuel inlet and a second fuel inlet. A dual solenoid actuator includes a first armature, a first coil, a second armature and a second coil that share a common centerline. The dual solenoid actuator has a non-injection configuration at which the first armature is at an un-energized position and the second armature is at an un-energized position. The dual solenoid actuator has a first fuel injection configuration at which the first fuel inlet is fluidly connected to the first set of nozzle outlets, the first armature is at an energized position and the second armature is at the un-energized position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Hoisan Kim, Mark F. Sommars, Xiangdong Ding
  • Patent number: 8960573
    Abstract: A device is described for injecting fuel, which includes a valve body, an outwardly opening valve needle, which is disposed in the valve body in a pressure chamber filled with fuel, to which pressurized fuel is supplied; a restoring element, which returns the valve needle to an original position; an electromagnetic actuator, which is disposed in an actuator chamber for actuating the valve needle; and a diaphragm, which is disposed in the actuator chamber and subdivides the actuator chamber into a first, fuel-filled region and a second, fuel-free region in fluid-tight manner, and which subdivides the valve needle into an injection-side portion and an actuator-side portion, the injection-side portion of the valve needle including a pressure-compensation plunger, which separates the pressure chamber from the first, fuel-filled region of the actuator chamber, the actuator being disposed in the second, fuel-free region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Ralph Engelberg
  • Patent number: 8919674
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve that promotes formation of thin membranes of fuel within injection holes and promotes atomization of spray is obtained. Holes provided in an injection hole plate 11 are combined injection holes 16 formed by partially overlapping two or more single injection holes 15a, 15b, 15c from an upstream side to a downstream side of the injection hole plate 11, each of the single injection holes is a circular hole, the single injection hole has an injection hole angle ? defined by a tilt angle of a center axis line connecting an entrance part center and an exit part center relative to a plate thickness direction of the injection hole plate 11, areas of exit parts 16b are larger than areas of entrance parts 16a in the combined injection holes 16, and the combined injection holes 16 are formed by press working.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Kyosuke Watanabe, Naoya Hashii, Tsuyoshi Munezane
  • Patent number: 8844842
    Abstract: A fuel injector includes an injector body that defines a fuel inlet, a drain outlet and a nozzle outlet, and has disposed therein a nozzle chamber, a needle control chamber and a valve chamber. The needle control chamber is fluidly connected to the drain outlet through a drain passage that includes the conical seat, is fluidly connected to the nozzle chamber through a Z orifice, and fluidly connected to the valve chamber through an A orifice. The nozzle chamber is fluidly connected to the valve chamber by a pressure passage that includes an F orifice that opens through a flat seat. A control valve member is trapped to move between contact with conical seat and contact with the flat seat. An electrical actuator is operable to push the control valve member away from the conical seat toward the flat seat when energized. A direct control needle valve has an opening hydraulic surface positioned in the nozzle chamber and a closing hydraulic surface positioned in the needle control chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Hoisan Kim, Mark F. Sommars, Xiangdong Ding
  • Patent number: 8807463
    Abstract: Injectors and solenoid valves incorporating actuators with kinetic energy transfer armatures. A fuel injector includes a longitudinally extending injector body and a valve supported in the injector body. The valve is configured for longitudinal movement within the injector body. An armature is connected to the valve and an impact member is disposed between the armature and a solenoid, and moveably connected to the armature. The solenoid is operative when energized to sequentially move the impact member and armature toward the solenoid, thereby actuating the valve. The fuel injector further includes a return magnet located adjacent the armature and opposite the solenoid, wherein the return magnet is operative to maintain the valve in a closed position when the solenoid is not energized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8740113
    Abstract: A reagent injector with a cartridge design has a body with a reagent inlet, outlet, and a swirl chamber, which has an exit orifice that may be covered and uncovered by a solid, movable pintle. Reagent flows through the injector when the exit orifice is covered and uncovered to cool the injector. An insulator may be disposed between the injector body and a mounting flange connectable to an exhaust system. A flow path ensures cooling of an electromagnetic actuator. Reagent may bypass an orifice swirl chamber when the pintle blocks the exit orifice. Fluid may flow between an outside diameter of a pole piece and an inside diameter of an electromagnetic actuator, through an orifice chamber and return through a central bore housing a solid pintle, around which fluid may flow. Different inner injector body passages may direct fluid into an orifice distribution chamber and out to the solid pintle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew L. Roessle, Thomas P. Mallin, Rick Simpson, Stephen Thomas, Keith Olivier, John Lowry
  • Patent number: 8371515
    Abstract: An injector used for an internal combustion engine includes a valve needle which closes a fuel passage by contacting a valve seat and opens the fuel passage by separating from the valve seat. A coil and a magnetic core are provided to drive the valve needle, and an anchor is held in a relatively displaceable state with respect to the valve needle. A first biasing device biases the valve needle in a direction opposite to a direction of a drive force, and a second biasing device biases the anchor in the direction of the drive force with a set load smaller than that of the first biasing device. A restricting feature restricts relative displacement of the anchor with respect to the valve needle in the direction of the drive force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Masahiko Hayatani, Atsushi Sekine, Yasuo Namaizawa, Tohru Ishikawa, Noriyuki Maekawa
  • Patent number: 8322629
    Abstract: Disclosed is a fuel injector in which at least one electrically triggered valve is disposed inside an injector member and is connected to an externally accessible injector member contact by means of a solid conductor, the solid conductor and the electrical valve contact being interconnected directly via an electrically conducting positive connection or indirectly via an electrically conducting connecting element. The solid conductor is configured so as to substantially maintain the shape thereof under the influence of the proper weight thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Michael Fleig
  • Patent number: 8215573
    Abstract: A direct fuel injector (10) includes a body (12) having a passage between inlet and outlet ends. A seat (16) is at the outlet end and a closure member (28) is associated with the seat. A needle member (30) is associated with the closure member and is movable with respect to a pole piece (35) between a first, closed position and a second, open position. A spring (42) biases the needle member to the first position. An armature (32) is free-floating with respect to the needle member. An intermediate pole structure (38) is coupled with the needle member and is disposed between the pole piece and the armature and is decoupled there-from. An armature stop (40) is coupled to the needle member and is spaced from the intermediate pole structure. An electromagnetic coil (46) is associated with the pole piece, intermediate pole structure and armature. The injector reduces bounce of the needle assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Continental Automotive Systems US, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Hornby
  • Patent number: 8128004
    Abstract: In order to operate an injection valve, a freewheeling operating state is controlled as the nozzle needle moves to its closing position, and a current through the coil is detected as a freewheeling current during freewheeling. As the nozzle needle moves to its closing position, a braking current pulse (I_BR) is generated on the basis of a time derivative (DI_DT_FW) of the freewheeling current and is impressed on the coil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventor: Achim Koch
  • Patent number: 8100350
    Abstract: An injector includes a valve body, a needle valve, and a thermal expansion member. The valve body includes an internal space and a bottom portion having a nozzle hole. One end side of the space is covered with the bottom portion. The needle valve is accommodated in the space such that a fuel passage leading to the hole is formed between an inner surface of the valve body and an outer surface of the needle valve. The passage is opened or closed with respect to the hole by movement of the needle valve, so fuel injection is started or stopped. The inner surface of the bottom portion is opposed to a one end surface of the needle valve. The member is attached on the one end surface. The member is made of a material having a larger coefficient of thermal expansion than a material of the needle valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Oozono, Kazunori Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8074903
    Abstract: A fuel injector for a common rail fuel system includes a common rail inlet port fluidly connected to a high pressure common rail, and a cooling inlet fluidly connected to an output from a lower pressure fuel transfer pump. The cooling fluid circulates internally through the fuel injector to cool a single pole solenoid via both internal and peripheral cooling passages. In order to accommodate a small spatial envelope while providing superior performance, a thin insulating layer may separate the solenoid coil winding from an inner pole piece, and small flux gap clearances may permit a flux carrying portion of the injector body to be a portion of the single pole solenoid assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Jayaramanaraman K. Venkataraghavan, Stephen R. Lewis, Shriprasad Lakhapati, Avinash R. Manubolu, Nadeem N. Bunni
  • Patent number: 7819344
    Abstract: An injector used for an internal combustion engine includes a valve needle which closes a fuel passage by contacting a valve seat and opens the fuel passage by separating from the valve seat. A coil and a magnetic core are provided to drive the valve needle, and an anchor is held in a relatively displaceable state with respect to the valve needle. A first biasing device biases the valve needle in a direction opposite to a direction of a drive force, and a second biasing device biases the anchor in the direction of the drive force with a set load smaller than that of the first biasing device. A restricting feature restricts relative displacement of the anchor with respect to the valve needle in the direction of the drive force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Masahiko Hayatani, Atsushi Sekine, Yasuo Namaizawa, Tohru Ishikawa, Noriyuki Maekawa
  • Patent number: 7775463
    Abstract: In an injector used for an internal combustion engine, a favorable magnetic attraction force is obtained to reduce a controllable minimum injection amount of a fuel injection amount. In a fuel injection valve in which a fixed core and a moving element is contained inside a pipe-shaped member, and a coil and a yoke are provided on an outer side thereof, a space for placing the coil is placed so that an inner circumference length in a vertical section of the space becomes smaller than an outside diameter of the yoke, or a height of the space in an axial direction of the fixed core becomes smaller than a diameter of the fixed core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Masahiko Hayatani, Tohru Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 7740002
    Abstract: A fuel injector has a spray nozzle with a plurality of spray discharge orifices, each of which has an elongated cross-section having a major axis orientable to a center electrode of a spark plug in the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Yangbing Zeng, Andreas M. Lippert, Rodney B. Rask, Arun S. Solomon
  • Patent number: 7703709
    Abstract: An electromagnetic fuel injection valve in which a first resin-molded layer that is made of a synthetic resin, covers a solenoid section, and forms a coupler main portion that defines a coupler is covered by a second resin-molded layer different from that of the first resin-molded layer so that an outer face of the coupler main portion is exposed from a middle part up to the extremity of the coupler main portion. An endless engagement groove is provided on the outer periphery of the middle pad of the coupler main portion of the first resin-molded layer, the second resin-molded layer engaging with the endless engagement groove. An extending portion extending further outward than the engagement groove is formed in the second resin-molded layer so that the extending portion makes contact with an outer face of the coupler main portion when in a non-engaged state and covers the coupler main portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Akabane, Hirokazu Tanuma
  • Patent number: 7673818
    Abstract: In an electromagnetic fuel injection valve designed so that the contact of a movable attraction face at a rear end of a movable core with a stationary attraction face included at a front end of a stationary core is inhibited, a ring-shaped stopper (28) made of a material non-magnetic or magnetic weakly more than a movable core (18) is press-fitted into an inner periphery of a rear portion of the movable core (18), and a flat abutment face (51), which is disposed at a location displaced from a flat movable attraction face (41) formed at the rear end of the movable core (18) toward a stationary attraction face (42), is formed at a rear end of the stopper (28) to be able to abut against the stationary attraction face. A slant (52) is formed on an inner periphery of the rear end of the movable core (18) and an outer periphery of the rear end of the stopper (28) to continuously and smoothly connect the movable attraction face (41) and the abutment face (51) to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventor: Akira Akabane
  • Publication number: 20100024776
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fuel injector, comprising a housing having a sealable injector seat; a fuel injector pin disposed within the housing proximate to the injector seat such that the injector seat may be sealed and unsealed by displacing the fuel injector pin; a resilient element biasing the fuel injector pin in an unsealed direction; a piezoelectric actuator disposed within the housing proximal to the fuel injector pin configured to actuate to force the injector pin towards the injector seat to seal the injector seat; and a thermal compensating unit disposed within the housing proximal to the actuator and configured to compensate for thermal expansion or contraction of a component of the fuel injector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventors: Michael J. Frick, Michael C. Cheiky
  • Patent number: 7429006
    Abstract: A fuel injector and various methods relating to the assembly of the fuel injector. The fuel injector includes a power group subassembly and a valve group subassembly having a respectively connected first and second connector portions. The power group subassembly includes an electromagnetic coil, a housing, at least one terminal, and at least one overmold formed over the coil and housing. The valve group subassembly insertable within the overmold includes a tube assembly having an inlet tube and a filter assembly. A pole piece couples the inlet tube to one end of a non-magnetic shell having a valve body coupled to the opposite end. An axially displaceable armature assembly confronts the pole piece and is adjustably biased by a member and adjusting tube toward engagement with a seat assembly. A lift setting device sets the axial displacement of the armature assembly. The seat assembly includes a flow portion and a securement portion having respective first and second axial lengths at least equal to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2008
    Assignee: Siemens VDO Automotive Corporation
    Inventor: Michael Dallmeyer
  • Patent number: 7422166
    Abstract: A fuel injector comprises an injector body having a tip portion defining a spray aperture; a pintle extending within the tip portion for axial movement between an extended position and a retracted position, the pintle having a head portion engageable with the spray aperture to close the spray aperture when the pintle is in its retracted position; biasing means being provided for biasing the pintle towards its retracted position; and solenoid means for selectively moving the pintle into said extended position; said solenoid means comprising an electromagnetic coil and a moveable armature capable of being acted upon by the coil to urge the pintle towards its extended position; wherein the pintle and armature are separable from one another whereby the armature can decouple from the pintle when the pintle moves from its extended position to its retracted position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Guy Hoffmann, Frank A Clerx
  • Patent number: 7309025
    Abstract: A fuel injection method is provided for correcting the fuel injection amount accurately by eliminating offset components when detecting a current flowing through a solenoid for fuel injection. A current component, which is detected during normal running and a drive current flowing through the solenoid for fuel injection is OFF (Step 11), is input to an A/D converter that stores the value thereof (Step 12). Thereafter, the drive current is turned ON (Step S13), elapse of a fixed time period is waited (Step S14), and an input voltage of the A/D converter is detected (Step S15). A difference current (offset component) is calculated by subtracting the offset voltage from the input voltage (Step S16), and a current span is adjusted based on a span correction factor (Step S17). Thereafter, a pulse width current correction factor is calculated (Step S2a) and, based on the pulse width current correction factor, a drive pulse width is calculated (Step S2b) and provided to the solenoid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: Mikuni Corporation
    Inventors: Shigeru Yamazaki, Hirokazu Hirosawa
  • Patent number: 7309033
    Abstract: A fuel injector and various methods relating to the assembly of the fuel injector. The fuel injector includes a power group subassembly and a valve group subassembly having a respectively connected first and second connector portions. The power group subassembly includes an electromagnetic coil, a housing, at least one terminal, and at least one overmold formed over the coil and housing. The valve group subassembly insertable within the overmold includes a tube assembly having an inlet tube and a filter assembly. A pole piece couples the inlet tube to one end of a non-magnetic shell having a valve body coupled to the opposite end. An axially displaceable armature assembly confronts the pole piece and is adjustably biased by a member engaged with an adjusting tube with a filter assembly mounted thereon. The seat assembly includes a flow portion and a securement portion having respective first and second axial lengths at least equal to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: Siemens VDO Automotive Corporation
    Inventor: Michael Dallmeyer
  • Patent number: 7264181
    Abstract: Using a swirl type fuel injection valve, a concentrated spray area and a thin spray area are formed, the positions thereof are adjusted, and the spray is made to conform to the geometric shape of the engine and mounting position of the fuel injection valve, so as to reduce the fuel consumption and control the unburnt components in exhaust gas. The fuel injection valve is so constructed that a step is formed on the injection hole opening of the fuel injection valve, so as to provide two or more edge transition portions at the injection hole opening, resulting from the step, and the line connecting the edge transition portions forms an oblique angle relative to the wall formed by the step perpendicular to the injection hole center axis and the angled wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Yoshio Okamoto, Yuzo Kadomukai, Makoto Yamakado, Ayumu Miyajima, Hiromasa Kubo, Toru Ishikawa, Yasuo Namaizawa
  • Publication number: 20070194152
    Abstract: An injector used for an internal combustion engine includes a valve needle which closes a fuel passage by being contacted on a valve seat and opens the fuel passage by separating from the valve seat, a coil and a magnetic core which are provided as a drive means of the valve needle, an anchor held in a relatively displaceable state with respect to the valve needle, a first biasing means biasing the valve needle in a direction opposite to a direction of a drive force, a second biasing means biasing the anchor in the direction of the drive force with a set load smaller than that of the first biasing means, and a restricting means restricting relative displacement of the anchor with respect to the valve needle in the direction of the drive force.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2007
    Publication date: August 23, 2007
    Applicant: Hitachi. Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Masahiko Hayatani, Atsushi Sekine, Yasuo Namaizawa, Tohru Ishikawa, Noriyuki Maekawa
  • Patent number: 7258287
    Abstract: A fuel injector includes a body, filter, and damper member. The body extends along a longitudinal axis between an inlet end and an outlet end with a flow passage extending therebetween. The filter is disposed in the flow passage proximate the inlet end. The damper member extends from a first terminus to a second terminus. The first terminus is proximal to the longitudinal axis, and the second terminus is distal to the longitudinal axis. The damper member extends from the first terminus about the longitudinal axis towards the second terminus in a generally circular path to define an aperture that permits fluid communication between inlet end and the filter. The damper member is secured to the flow passage between the inlet end and the filter. A damper member is also shown and described. A method of reducing sound in the valve group subassembly is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2007
    Assignee: Siemens VDO Automotive Corporation
    Inventors: Yong D. Cho, Zeki Alyanak
  • Patent number: 7260462
    Abstract: A method for controlling an electromagnetic valve, in particular for an automatic transmission of a motor vehicle. With known methods, electromagnetic valves are triggered with a pulse-width-modulated signal having a constant clock frequency. The object is to provide a method by which a rapid response characteristic and a high adjustment precision of the electromagnetic valve are made possible. The specific properties of a hydraulic system in which electromagnetic valves are used, in particular the rigidity and damping, are not constant but instead change considerably under different operating states of the hydraulic system and/or with different performance quantities of the electromagnetic valve. These different properties are taken into account through the change in the clock frequency as a function of performance quantities of the electromagnetic valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2007
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Norbert Keim, Christof Ott, Wulf-Siegfried Bayha, Martin Krohn, Bernd Huber, Jens Dorfschmid, Juergen Semler
  • Patent number: 7252245
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve includes a valve member, a first stop member, a second stop member, a movable core, a fixed core, and a coil. The valve member opens and closes an injection nozzle. The first stop member protrudes radially outward from said valve member. The second stop member protrudes radially outward from said valve member. The movable core is sandwiched between said first and second stop members. The movable core and one of said first and second stop members defines a fuel chamber. The fixed core is axially displaced from said movable core. The coil causes reciprocal axial displacement of said valve member such that said movable core axially reciprocates toward and away from said fixed core therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: DENSO Corporation
    Inventor: Toyoji Nishiwaki
  • Patent number: 7213775
    Abstract: The invention describes an injector device specifically designed for the injection of an alternative fuel such as LPG, methane, hydrogen or others, in an internal combustion engine. In the injector device, the shutter ensuring sealing in closing condition is separated with respect to the metering means with gauged hole, which perform the function of metering fuel during injection, and it is arranged downstream from said metering means. The shutter is controlled by a solenoid, which is again arranged on the downstream side with respect to said metering means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: C.R.F. Societa Consortile per Azioni
    Inventors: Mario Ricco, Sisto Luigi De Matthaeis, Claudio Amorese, Dario Manodoro, Raffaele Ricco
  • Patent number: 7188790
    Abstract: The fuel injection valve, for an internal combustion motor, has a valve body with injection openings (20) at its point. A valve needle has an axial movement within the valve body, with a conical needle point to give a selective blocking and release of the fuel flow through the injection openings. The point of the valve needle has recessed grooves matching each of the injection openings. The width of each groove matches the diameter of an injection opening, with a stepped contour and a curved cross section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Andrej Astachow, Grit Kr├╝ger
  • Patent number: 7097114
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a self-cleaning injector nozzle or other fluid conduit that maintains deposits at a low level by sonic tuning the shock wave generated during fluid flow through that nozzle or conduit. Methods of producing an injector nozzle and a method of cleansing deposits from liquid or gaseous fluids are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventor: Allen A. Aradi
  • Patent number: 7086614
    Abstract: A fuel injector is described for fuel injection systems in internal combustion engines that includes a magnet coil, an armature that is acted upon in a closing direction by a restoring spring, and a valve needle that is non-positively engaged with armature for actuating a valve closing body, which together with a valve seat surface forms a sealing seat, and armature with an inlet-side armature surface striking internal pole. A choke point is provided on inlet-side armature surface, and is formed by an annular, stepped prominence on inlet-side armature surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Hubert Stier, Guenther Hohl, Norbert Keim
  • Patent number: 6966504
    Abstract: A fuel injector, in particular for the direct injection of fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, includes a valve needle that has at its injector end a valve-closure member that works together with a valve-seat surface formed on a valve-seat member, to form a sealing seat. The fuel injector also includes at least one swirl duct; a swirl chamber formed on the valve-seat member, and a plurality of injection openings that open out from the swirl chamber, through which the fuel, provided with a swirl, is simultaneously injected. The at least one swirl duct is formed in the valve-seat member or in a swirl disk adjacent to the valve-seat member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Hubert Stier, Norbert Keim
  • Patent number: 6945479
    Abstract: A stroke-controlled valve as a fuel metering device of an injection system for internal combustion engines has a valve body with a valve seat and a valve needle which is actuatable in the valve body counter to the resistance of a valve needle restoring spring and which has a sealing edge that cooperates with the valve seat. A coupling body with a greater mass than the valve needle is disposed in the valve body, in the axial extension of the valve needle, and is movable coaxially to the valve needle and is actuatable by the valve needle during the opening stroke of the valve needle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Boehland, Godehard Nentwig
  • Patent number: 6929196
    Abstract: For each of the injection holes on the face of a plate member which is disposed in a fuel passage, grooves are provided which run along the circumferential direction of the respective injection holes, and at the positions of the grooves, fuel overflows are formed. As a result, contracted fuel flow portions are formed in the injection holes, so that the maximum flow velocity of fuel is increased at the injection hole outlet portions. Thus, a fuel injection valve for an internal combustion engine is provided, in which the atomization performance near the injection holes is effectively enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2005
    Assignees: Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi Car Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigenori Togashi, Yoshio Okamoto, Makoto Yamakado, Masahiro Souma, Hiromasa Kubo
  • Patent number: 6921035
    Abstract: A fuel injector, in particular for direct injection of fuel into the combustion chamber of a mixture-compressing, spark-ignited internal combustion engine, includes a valve housing formed by a nozzle body, as well as a sealing ring, which seals the fuel injector against a cylinder head of the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Guenther Hohl
  • Patent number: 6918548
    Abstract: An electronic fuel injector capable of supplying fuel in a stable manner is provided by employing a swirler, which is manufactured at a lower cost and has durability, and by ensuring superior wear resistance of the swirler and a valve member provided on a movable part, which is put into frictional contact with the swirler. The electronic fuel injector comprises a movable part, a valve member, a valve seat, a swirler, a stopper, a stator core, a casing, a spring, and an electromagnetic coil. A valve member is provided at a fore end of the movable part. The swirler serves not only to swirl fuel, but also to guide movement of the valve member provided at the fore end of the movable part. The swirler is formed of a powder sintered compact of martensitic stainless steel having corrosion resistance and wear resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuyoshi Terakado, Mizuho Yokoyama, Arata Kagiyama, Noboru Baba, Masahiro Souma
  • Patent number: 6892970
    Abstract: An electromagnetic actuator for a fluid pressure control valve in a fuel injector for an internal combustion engine is disclosed. The fuel injector comprises a control module including a fuel pressure control valve; an armature connected to the fuel pressure control valve; and a stator assembly including a magnetic core comprising of at least two segments and a bobbin. The stator assembly, when it is energized by a power source, produces a magnetic field to draw the armature towards the stator assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Randy Nussio
  • Patent number: 6880769
    Abstract: An electronically-controlled fuel injector includes a pressurized fluid chamber that communicates high pressure fluid to first and second pressure control chambers. A direct-operated check moves between closed and open positions in response to a difference in fluid pressure in the first and second pressure control chambers. A thermally pre-stressed bender actuator is used to operate a control valve that controls the fluid pressure in the first pressure control chamber to effectively control opening and closing of the check during portions of an injection sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Dana R. Coldren, Glen F. Forck, L. Glenn Waterfield
  • Patent number: 6851630
    Abstract: An electromagnetic fuel injection valve includes a valve housing coupled to at one end thereof to a valve seat member; a stationary core coupled to the other end of the valve housing; and a valve assembly comprised of a movable core slidably accommodated in the valve housing, and a valve member connected to the movable core through a rod portion and adapted to cooperate with the valve seat. In the electromagnetic fuel injection valve, the valve housing is provided with a guide portion on which the valve assembly is axially slidably carried, and a high-hardness coating of diamond-like carbon including silicon is formed on an outer peripheral surface of the valve assembly contacting with the guide portion. The surface roughness Rmax of the high-hardness coating is set in a range of 0.05 to 0.2 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventors: Takahiro Nagaoka, Hideyuki Watanabe, Shinya Ichise