Speed Varying Means For Driven Scatterer Or Feed Patents (Class 239/677)
  • Patent number: 9757744
    Abstract: A material spreader assembly for the broadcast spreading of particulate material from the trailer hitch of a vehicle. A hopper for storing the particulate material is supported by a frame having a trailer hitch coupler for connection to the vehicle. A spreader including a spinner driven by an electric motor receives and disperses the particulate material. A control circuit receives electric current from the vehicle via a plug interface and a wiring harness and controls the operation of the spreader. A remote communicates user commands to the control circuit. The control circuit includes a motor control processor that controls a motor power relay and a motor driver to gradually ramp up the current supplied to the spreader for start up the spreader while preventing a high transient current draw spike. Component feedback sensors enable the motor control processor to provide an emergency shut off feature and warning signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: Trynex International LLC
    Inventors: Charles Truan, James Truan, Joshua Scott, Greg Neilson, Erwin Neilson, Paul Mandrik
  • Patent number: 8857745
    Abstract: A spreader control system digitally filters noisy load cell measurements and inaccurate flow rate measurements to form an optimal estimate of material weight in a spreader bin. This estimate may be combined with spreader swath width and vehicle speed to determine application rate. When actuators for parameters such as apron speed or gate size are available, spreading rates may be controlled with active feedback.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Trimble Navigation Limited
    Inventor: Gurcan Aral
  • Patent number: 8523086
    Abstract: The invention is directed at devices and methods for regulating the operation of a spreader assembly's particulate material distribution in response to changing vehicle conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Meyer Products, LLC
    Inventor: Marty Warchola
  • Patent number: 8505837
    Abstract: A spreader assembly may include a hopper, an auger mechanism, a torque sensor that provides a signal based on a condition of the auger mechanism and, a controller that receives the signal from the torque sensor and determines a fill status of the hopper based on the signal from the torque sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Meyer Products, LLC
    Inventor: Marty Warchola
  • Patent number: 8180560
    Abstract: A method includes identifying a number of actuators used to release a material, where the identified number of actuators is less than a total number of actuators. The method also includes identifying a simulated speed of a vehicle based on the identified number of actuators. The method further includes controlling an amount of material provided to the actuators based on the simulated speed of the vehicle. The method could also include identifying an extent to which the identified number of actuators are opened. Here, identifying the simulated speed of the vehicle could include identifying the simulated speed of the vehicle based on the extent to which the identified number of actuators are opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Harrison AG Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: John H. Harrison, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20100019072
    Abstract: According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a land application vehicle for a semi-solid material, such as bio-solids. The vehicle includes a hopper and a distributor. The distributor includes a housing having a distributor inlet and at least one distributor outlet, a first distributor auger in the housing configured for transferring semi-solid material away from the distributor inlet towards the at least one distributor outlet and a second distributor auger in the housing configured for transferring semi-solid material back towards the distributor inlet. This creates re-circulation of the semi-solid material within the distributor, which inhibits packing of the semi-solid material at the ends of the distributor and generally aids in uniform distribution of the material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2009
    Publication date: January 28, 2010
    Inventor: Dennis Nuhn
  • Patent number: 7543765
    Abstract: An improved self-unloading spreader has a front end, a back end, and sides defining walls of a container for holding material. The container has at least one opening in one of the walls through which material can move. Inside of the container, longitudinally disposed between the front end and the rear end, is an auger that can move material in the container to and through the opening. Also inside of the container, adjustably positioned above the auger, is an adjustable height baffle to control the amount of material the auger has available to move. Outside of the container, adjacent to the opening, is a transversely mounted conveyer belt for spreading material that flows through the opening. An hydraulic system powers the auger and allows the hydraulically powered auger to either move material towards the opening or away from the opening. The auger, in combination with the adjustable height baffle, controls the rate at which material is provided to the conveyer system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Inventor: Brad Elling
  • Patent number: 7540436
    Abstract: A spreader assembly for spreading a material and for mounting in a bed of a truck is disclosed. The assembly includes a hopper and a frame for supporting the hopper in the bed of the truck. The hopper has a length extending between a front end and a rear end sized for placing in the bed of the truck to hold material for spreading and has an outlet spout with an opening for discharging material therefrom. The hopper and the frame are each formed from a thermoplastic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Inventors: Charles J Truan, James Truan, Joshua Scott, Paul Mandrik
  • Patent number: 7481384
    Abstract: A spreader assembly for spreading a material and for mounting to a bed of a truck is disclosed. The assembly includes a hopper and a frame having an upper rail for supporting the hopper in the bed of the truck. The frame includes a pair of front and rear posts extending downwardly from the upper rail and an upper rail extending in a cantilevered fashion from the rear posts to support the outlet spout outside the bed of the truck. A quick-release connector releasably engages the frame for preventing longitudinal movement within the bed of the truck. A spinner is rotatably attached and is moveable between an operating position and a storage position. The hopper includes a lower portion having a bottom with a first slanted portion having a first slope and a second slanted portion having a second slope with the first slope being different than the second slope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Trynex Incorporated
    Inventors: Charles J Truan, James Truan, Joshua Scott, Paul Mandrik
  • Patent number: 7306174
    Abstract: A work vehicle having a fluent material spreader comprising two counter-rotating variable speed impellers adapted to receive and broadcast fluent material. A right-side impeller broadcasts out to a right-side material broadcast width, and left-side impeller broadcasts out to a left-side material broadcast width. Rotational speed of the right-side impeller is commanded to achieve a desired a right-side material broadcast width, and rotational speed of the left-side impeller is commanded to achieve a desired a left-side material broadcast width. Command of the right-side and left-side impellers is achieved either manually by and operator, or automatically by a control system based on sensor input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: Deere & Company
    Inventors: Mark Leonard Pearson, Ryan Patrick Mackin
  • Patent number: 7281675
    Abstract: A portable, user shoulder supported spreader/blower unit includes an ergonomically configured housing which includes a section defining a storage bin for holding a quantity of salt or like chemical particulate material for spreading onto ground surfaces to prevent icing thereon in winter. A centrifugal distributor disk is located in a housing space section below the bin and, a bin discharge aperture aligns over a peripheral area of the distributor disk. A user controllable closure member selectively alters bin discharge aperture size and, hence, outflow quantity from the bin onto the distributor disk, the distributor disk rotating at high speed propelling particulate material out of the housing through a discharge nozzle thereon at a high speed. e.g., 60 m/sec when the unit is user in a spreader mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Inventors: Marcos Elrod, Michael Glater
  • Patent number: 7191965
    Abstract: A material spreader includes a belt/chain assembly. The belt is mounted within the chamber of the material spreader and the chain remains out of contact with the material during the operation of the device. A sliding barrier is mounted at the rear of the belt, and moves from a forward position adjacent the front of the spreader to a rear position adjacent the rear of the spreader. One form of the hydraulic system utilizes a sensor for built up pressure within independently driven augers. In response to this pressure build up the sliding barrier speed is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2007
    Assignee: Roto-Mix, LLC
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Neier, Rodney R. Neier, Gregory R. Reimer, David J. Brouwer, Luke D. Prouty, Elizabeth B. Rheingans, Jeff A. Schultz, Jason M. Schwiderski, Barbara M. Springman, Jeremy J. Waltz, David J. Gelhar, Kevin R. Wald, Todd E. Osman, James E. Shafer, Ross M. Groening
  • Patent number: 7104478
    Abstract: A material spreading device for spreading material over a targeted area includes a receiving portion for receiving a plurality of bags of material, a hopper assembly and a material moving device. The material spreading device is configured for use on a vehicle. The hopper assembly has a bag holding portion and a material dispensing bin. The bag holding portion receives at least some of the bags and retains the bags at or near the material dispensing bin. The hopper assembly includes at least one opening device for opening the bags such that material within the opened bags is deposited into the material dispensing bin. The material dispensing bin is operable to dispense or broadcast the material over the targeted area. The material moving device is operable to move the bags of material along the receiving portion and toward the hopper assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Rockit Corporation
    Inventors: Cal G Niemela, Philip J Quenzi
  • Patent number: 7066413
    Abstract: A material spreading drive system for a hopper spreader having a conveyor and a spreader separately driven by two electric motors that are powered directly from the electrical system of the vehicle. The conveyor drive system includes a gearbox that transmits 90 to 95 percent of power received from the conveyor motor to the conveyor, thus reducing the demand on the electrical system. As a result, the electrical system is capable of also powering a second electric motor that drives the spreader. Due to the improved efficiency of the conveyor belt system, increased conveying and spreading speed are possible as well as independent control over the operating speeds of the conveyor and spreader.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: Air-Flo Manufacturing Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Charles S. Musso, Tom Musso
  • Patent number: 7045167
    Abstract: A device for the application of solid particulate material to a target surface includes one or more containers for storing the solid particulate material and one or more transfer devices for transferring the solid particulate material from the containers to the target surface. Each container includes one or more gates positioned substantially at the container's outlet. Mechanisms are provided for controlling the extent to which each individual gate opens, while the device is in use; and for controlling the rate at which the transfer devices transfer the solid particulate material from the containers while the device for the application of solid particulate material to a target surface is in use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: J&K Development LLC
    Inventors: James Nelson Maytum, Simon Charles Peter Jennings, Philip Kearne
  • Patent number: 6953163
    Abstract: A spreader assembly for spreading a material and for mounting to a bed of a truck is disclosed. The assembly includes a hopper and a frame having an upper rail for supporting the hopper in the bed of the truck. The frame includes a pair of front and rear posts extending downwardly from the upper rail and an upper rail extending in a cantilevered fashion from the rear posts to support the outlet spout outside the bed of the truck. A quick-release connector releasably engages the frame for preventing longitudinal movement within the bed of the truck. A spinner is rotatably attached and is moveable between an operating position and a storage position. The hopper includes a lower portion having a bottom with a first slanted portion having a first slope and a second slanted portion having a second slope with the first slope being different than the second slope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2005
    Assignee: Trynex, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles J Truan, James Truan, Joshua Scott, Paul Mandrick
  • Patent number: 6905077
    Abstract: An agricultural spreader (100) includes material storage means (1) for storing agricultural material (2), at least one material spreading means (4) to spread the agricultural material (2) onto a surface (20) below the agricultural spreader (100) and variable speed material conveying means (3) for conveying the agricultural material (2) from the material storage means (1) to the material spreading means (4). The spreader (100) further includes an inclinometer means (7) for measuring a pitch of the agricultural spreader (100) relative to a horizontal plane and control means (6) adapted to vary the speed of the variable speed material conveyor means (3) in response to at least one input, at least one of which is an output (8) from the inclinometer means (7), in order to provide a required supply rate of agricultural material (2) to the material spreading means (4). In an alternative embodiment the control means (6) controls the area of an aperture (11) of a metering means (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Inventor: David Stanley Hoyle
  • Patent number: 6786435
    Abstract: A twin discharge conveyor mounted on a spreader truck is shown including two parallel mounted conveying mechanisms such as augers, belt conveyors and chain conveyors contained within a conveyor trough that is mounted laterally on a truck chassis adjacent the front end of a frame mounted material storage container. The conveying mechanisms are independently controlled by separate hydraulic motors so that material can be discharged to the left and to the right of the truck simultaneously and in varying amounts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2004
    Assignee: Cives Corporation
    Inventor: Amiya Kumar Mishra
  • Patent number: 6422490
    Abstract: A rear mounted spreader having a horizontal auger. The spreader is ideally suited to spread bulk salt and sand, but can effectively be used to spread any spreadable material. The spreader is mounted to a vehicle and the auger is generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The spreader includes a flow plate to facilitate proper material flow. The spreader also includes a vehicle-mounted control that can independently control the auger and spinner and can control the vibrator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: Trynex, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles J. Truan, James Truan, Joshua Scott, Paul Mandrik
  • Patent number: 6368046
    Abstract: A material eject system includes an ejector mounted to a bed of a vehicle which is movable between a rear end and a forward end of the bed for ejecting material from the bed. The ejector is powered by a cylinder having different fluid volumes depending on the direction of motion of the cylinder. A control circuit operates with the ejector motor to automatically move the ejector through eject and return cycles. Further, the control circuit detects different positions of the cylinder and automatically operates the cylinder at different speeds to maintain a constant motor and ejector speed throughout the material eject cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Burnett, Peter F. Prillinger, David A. Young
  • Publication number: 20020030127
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided comprising a hopper having a front wall, rear wall, a first an second side wall, a bottom and open top portion for evenly spreading shaving material over a floor area. A means for moving the shaving material from the front wall to the rear wall adjacent to the bottom is additionally provided wherein the shaving material exits the hopper by a single discharge opening at the back wall where it is discharged onto at least two rotary spreader disks which rotatedly spread the material in an even fashion on the floor area. The side walls of the apparatus are angled downward to allow for the even emptying of the hopper. The hopper is mounted on a transport means for moving the hopper over the floor area. The instant apparatus is particularly useful for the distribution of ground cover in small poultry facilities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Inventor: James E. Rudy
  • Publication number: 20020027168
    Abstract: A discharge apparatus is disclosed for discharging materials from a container onto an open area such as a field. The apparatus includes a power discharge device which is disposed adjacent to a discharge outlet defined by the container. The arrangement is such that when the apparatus is being used to spread the materials onto the open area such as the field, the materials move from the container through the outlet towards the power discharge device for discharging the materials at a location on the field. A power source is drivingly connected to the power discharge device for rotating the power discharge device. A power sensor is provided for sensing the power supplied by the power source which is approximately the power used by the power discharge device, the power sensor generating a first signal which is correlated to the spread rate of the materials discharged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2001
    Publication date: March 7, 2002
    Inventor: Claude L. McFarlane
  • Patent number: 6347753
    Abstract: A vehicle-mounted spreader for distributing material onto a surface while the vehicle is in motion across the surface includes a discharge spout for directing the material being distributed onto the surface and a rotor coupled to the discharge spout for propelling the material into the discharge spout. The rotor has an axis of rotation that is substantially parallel to the surface. A rotor motor is coupled to the rotor to supply power to rotate the rotor. A conveyor such as an auger is coupled to the rotor and powered by a conveyor motor. The conveyor transports and meters material before the material enters the rotor. A closed-loop control system adjusts the speeds of the individual components so that a desired amount of material exits the discharge spout at zero velocity relative to the road.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2002
    Assignee: Case Corporation
    Inventor: Robert M. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20020014545
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are provided for dispensing chemical material, and in particular, granular, agricultural material, from a moving device driven over terrain to be treated with the material. A metering system for dispersing the material includes on apertured metering disk positioned above a rotatable impeller. The apertured disk meters material from a product container, by gravity feed, onto the impeller below at a rate proportional to the linear speed at which the apparatus is driven to dispense material at a uniform density over the terrain. The metering disk is a component of a product container which is removably mounted to the device. The impeller rotates at a constant speed to disperse the deposited material at a uniform distance from the apparatus, and the position on which the material is deposited on the impeller is adjustable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2001
    Publication date: February 7, 2002
    Applicant: American Cyanamid Company
    Inventors: Keith F. Woodruff, John H. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6262553
    Abstract: The present invention is a control system for a vehicle that utilizes a powered attachment such as a material spreader. Such a device requires the use of a high current drawing motor, which in turn requires the ability to control the flow of high amperage current. The high current switching circuitry is mounted on or near the electric motor to prevent the heat generated by the circuitry from posing any type of hazard. A low current control is placed within the cab of the vehicle and serves to remotely control the switching circuitry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: M. P. Menze Research & Development Inc.
    Inventor: Peter C. Menze
  • Patent number: 6224506
    Abstract: The present invention is a control apparatus for an implement transmission. The transmission is operably coupled to a plurality of driven mechanisms for providing a driving power from a prime mover to the plurality of driven mechanisms. A shift assembly has a first and a second actuator apparatus. The first actuator apparatus is operably coupled to the transmission for selectively controlling the transmission of a driving power to at least a first driven mechanism, and the second actuator apparatus is operably coupled to the transmission for selectively controlling the transmission of a driving power to at least a second driven mechanism. The second actuator apparatus has a biasing apparatus for exerting a variable, selective bias on the transmission. A clutch for selectively engaging and disengaging a prime mover and the transmission has a rotatable stop member and an idler-stop assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2001
    Assignee: H & S Manufacturing Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth J. Peeters, Arthur G. Erdman
  • Patent number: 6131818
    Abstract: A composted waste spreading (distributing) method and apparatus is disclosed. A storage hopper having a floor drag chain is employed to remove the composted material from the bottom of the hopper and push it out of the hopper through an opening. A unidirectional conveyor pushes the composted material into an air supplied airlock. The airlock has a flexible air conduit connected thereto for distributing the composted waste which is entrained into the airstream passing through the airlock under the force of a compressor. The airlock, conveyor and floor chain are driven by hydraulic motors and are either controlled manually or alternatively by an automatic controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Inventor: Harvey C. White
  • Patent number: 6092973
    Abstract: A material eject system includes an ejector mounted to a bed of a vehicle which is movable between a rear end and a forward end of the bed for ejecting material from the bed. The ejector is powered by a cylinder having different fluid volumes depending on the direction of motion of the cylinder. A control circuit operates with the ejector motor to automatically move the ejector through eject and return cycles. The ejector includes a speed control for operating the motor and the ejector at different speeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Burnett, Peter F. Prillinger, David A. Young
  • Patent number: 6089478
    Abstract: A spreader assembly for spreading materials such as, for example, salt seed or fertilizer. The spreader assembly includes a motor and transmission drive assembly which is mounted outside of the hopper to protect the motor and drive assembly from corrosive materials in the hopper. The transmission motor assembly allows a small motor with high revolutions per minute to be used and still supply the necessary torque needed to properly spread material. The spreader assembly also includes a modular mounting frame system which allows the frame to be mounted to vehicles of different sizes. The frame allows pivoting of the spreader about one axis and latching to a latching bar to secure the spreader assembly in the latched position. Rail mounting brackets are disclosed which permit mounting of the frame to the bed rails of a vehicle without the need to drill holes in to the bed rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Trynex, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Joseph Truan, James Phillip Truan, Timothy William Hewitt
  • Patent number: 6068200
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for depositing salt granular materials upon a highway pavement at practical speeds. The deposition forms two narrow bands of the salt through utilization of two impeller-based mechanisms which are canted downwardly at an acute angle toward the pavement. The dump bed of trucks utilizing the apparatus is maintained in a down orientation through the utilization of a salt transport mechanism implemented as dual augers extending the length of the truck bed. Two embodiments of the apparatus are described each being self-contained and mountable upon a truck bed with relative ease. In one embodiment, a brine formation tank of generally triangular cross-sectional configuration is combined with a brine holding tank to form the sides of a V-box hopper structure. The brine formation tank is charged with salt and water to form a saturated brine which is permitted to migrate through a baffling system to the brine holding tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2000
    Assignee: H.Y.O., Inc.
    Inventor: James A. Kime
  • Patent number: 5961040
    Abstract: A material application system and a method of using a material application system which incorporate both an input mechanism for use by a programmer to program the material application system and a separate input mechanism, in the form of a switch module, for use by a driver of the vehicle in which the material application system is incorporated during material application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Dickey-John Corporation
    Inventors: Duston D. Traylor, Patrick Fuchs
  • Patent number: 5947391
    Abstract: A truck having a conveyor arrangement and a material spreader and a control mechanism to regulate the speed said conveyor arrangement conveys materials and to regulate the velocity the materials are ejected from said material spreader. The material spreader includes a material guider to guide the trajectory of substantially all of the materials in a direction substantially opposite the direction of forward movement of the truck. The control mechanism also includes a velocity sensor adapted to detect the velocity of the truck and to send a signal indicative of the truck velocity to a velocity controller. The velocity controller sends a signal to the conveyor arrangement and the material spreader which is dependent on the truck velocity to control the conveyor arrangement and the velocity of the materials ejected from the material spreader to obtain a material velocity relative to the ground surface of substantially zero when the truck is moving.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: The Louis Berkman Company
    Inventors: Glenn M. Beck, Edwin A. Friedl
  • Patent number: 5931393
    Abstract: A salt-sand spreader for use for spreading materials onto road surfaces primarily where icing or slippery conditions occur. The spreader includes an applicator for coating the particles with a liquid prior to discharging the particles to tend to speed up the ice melting reaction and if a suitable coating is used to inhibit corrosive action of the salt. Additionally, the velocity of discharge of the particles from a discharge mechanism is sensed or correlated to fan speed and the discharge velocity is adjusted to match the forward speed of the vehicle so that there is essentially zero relative velocity between the particles and the ground when the particles strike the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1999
    Assignee: Iboco, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles E. Alsip, John P. Ellingson, Harvey E. Hoffman, Jack D. Messner, David G. Trooien
  • Patent number: 5842649
    Abstract: A truck having a conveyor arrangement and a material spreader and a control mechanism to regulate the speed said conveyor arrangement conveys materials and to regulate the velocity the materials are ejected from said material spreader. The material spreader includes a material guider to guide the trajectory of substantially all of the materials in a direction substantially opposite the direction of forward movement of the truck. The control mechanism also includes a velocity sensor adapted to detect the velocity of the truck and to send a signal indicative of the truck velocity to a velocity controller. The velocity controller sends a signal to the conveyor arrangement and the material spreader which is dependent on the truck velocity to control the conveyor arrangement and the velocity of the materials ejected from the material spreader to obtain a material velocity relative to the ground surface of substantially zero when the truck is moving.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: The Louis Berkman Company
    Inventors: Glenn M. Beck, Edwin A. Friedl
  • Patent number: 5533677
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for spreading material including a container for the material to be spread; the container includes an open top for receiving the material, a front wall, a rear wall, a left side wall, a right side wall, and a bottom; apparatus adjacent the container bottom for moving the material along the container bottom in a direction from the front wall toward the rear wall; openings provided in the left and right side walls adjacent the container bottom and the rear wall for permitting the material to be discharged from the container; an auger adjacent the container bottom and rear wall for moving the material toward the openings; a first material spreader located outside of the container adjacent to the left side wall for receiving material discharged from the opening in the left side wall; a second material spreader located outside of the container adjacent the right side wall for receiving material discharged from the opening in the right side wall; and apparatus for rotating the first and secon
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Inventor: Kent McCaffrey
  • Patent number: 5318226
    Abstract: Apparatus and method is described for depositing salt-based materials upon highway pavements at practical speeds in a manner significantly reducing scatter. This is achieved through the expression of the materials from an impeller at a lower level of the vehicle at a material velocity commensurate with the speed of the vehicle itself. Projection of the material is in a direction or vector directly opposite that of the forward direction of the vehicle. Implementation of the method is provided with a rotating impeller having sidewalls defined by an endless belt which partially surrounds it. That portion of the impeller which is not surrounded by the endless belt forms an outlet opening from which the material is propelled. Introduction of the material to the impeller is at its center portion and is directed to those peripheral regions of the impeller which extend from a location adjacent the outlet opening and thence about a predetermined arcuate region of the rotating impeller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: H.Y.O., Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Kime, Jeremy J. Margeson
  • Patent number: 5186396
    Abstract: A granular and liquid material spreading system mounted on a vehicle. Granular material is moved from a hopper to a delivery system using hydraulic pumps and motors. The hydraulic system also drives a liquid delivery system. A control system including a material computer is provided to control the amount of granular material and liquid material applied to a surface. The feed rate of liquid delivery is controlled electronically by programming the material computer as a function of the feed rate of the granular material. The liquid feed rate may be changed within a predetermined range. The level of liquid may be sensed to disengaged the liquid delivery system. Initiation of liquid delivery reduces the feed rate of granular material by a variably selected percentage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1993
    Inventors: James J. Wise, John A. Doherty
  • Patent number: 5096125
    Abstract: A granular and liquid material spreading system mounted on a vehicle. Granular material is moved from a hopper to a delivery means using hydraulic pumps and motors. The hydraulic system also drives a liquid delivery system. A control system is provided to control the amount of granular material and liquid material applied to a surface. The feed rate of liquid delivery is dependent upon the feed rate of the granular material. The liquid feed rate may be changed within a predetermined range. The level of liquid may be sensed to disengage the liquid delivery system. Initiation of liquid delivery reduces the feed rate of granular material by a variably selected percentage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1992
    Inventors: James J. Wise, John A. Doherty
  • Patent number: 5069392
    Abstract: A granular and liquid material spreading system mounted on a vehicle is disclosed. Granular material is moved from a hopper to delivery means by a hydraulic system. The hydraulic system for a granular material delivery system is selectively used by a liquid delivery system to operate a liquid pump to move the liquid material to the delivery position. The amount of liquid delivered is dependent upon the feed rate of the granular material delivery system. Variation of the liquid feed rate may be changed within a predetermined range. The level of liquid may be sensed to disengage the liquid delivery system. In one embodiment, the hydraulic system fluid is diverted to power the liquid delivery system, slowing the feed rate of the granular delivery system and the amount of granular material used. In another embodiment the hydraulic system is used to control the liquid feed rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1991
    Inventors: James J. Wise, John A. Doherty
  • Patent number: 4898333
    Abstract: A hydraulic system is provided including a hydraulic pump which is continuously coupled with the engine of a utility such as a dump truck utilized for snow-ice removal. When hydraulic implements employed on the truck are not actuated, the pump operates in a cavitation mode. During this cavitation mode of operation, there is no ingress of air through seals or the like to a venting of the gear pump chamber essentially to tank or atmosphere. A poppet valve is actuated in conjunction with periodic use of hydraulic elements on the truck to actuate the pump to an operational or pressurized mode. A key actuated calibrating system is employed to calibrate snow-ice removal components in a secure manner. Calibration is provided in conjunction with EEPROM memory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1990
    Assignee: H.Y.O., Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Kime, Gregory R. McMenamin
  • Patent number: 4819880
    Abstract: In a manure spreader for handling slurry material, an auger is mounted in the bottom of a tank and an expeller is disposed at an opening in the tank to discharge material therefrom. A drive system is provided to rotate the auger and the expeller in different directions when the drive system is connected to a tractor PTO. the drive system includes a series of drive members such as chains and sprockets arranged and connected to cause rotation of the expeller in the same direction as the tractor PTO and rotation of the auger in the opposite direction at a substantially slower speed than the expeller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Assignee: Ford New Holland, Inc.
    Inventors: Gilbert W. Linde, Loren G. Sadler
  • Patent number: 4732330
    Abstract: A spreader implement and drive gearbox therefor are provided that incorporate a single gearbox for driving both a distributor assembly for throwing manure and the like out of the spreader implement and for driving a transporting assembly for moving the manure or the like toward the distributor assembly. The single gearbox provides direct gear drive of one of the assemblies. The drive gearbox may include one or more biased clutch assemblies for clutching or varying the driving speed transmitted by the gearbox.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1988
    Assignee: New Idea Corporation
    Inventors: Wilbur E. Groeneveld, David M. Rieke
  • Patent number: 4700895
    Abstract: An apparatus for field application of particulate solids from an elongated boom carried on a self-propelled vehicle wherein the discharge rate of the particulate solids is accomplished through the utilization of a metering control system. The metering control monitors the rotation of a delivery screw for controlled application rate with the application rate being proportional to vehicle speed, and wherein the application rate is rapidly responsive to changes in rate of speed of the vehicle. A variable capacity fluid pump is driven from the vehicle final drive shaft, with the pump supplying hydraulic fluid to a hydraulic motor providing the energy for driving the metering screw. The variable capacity pump is preferably an axial piston pump having a variably positionable swash plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: AG-CHEM Equipment Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Harry H. Takata
  • Patent number: 4510883
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for distributing powdered material uniformly in a generally vertical plane through an arc of about 180.degree., having particular utility for rock dusting underground coal mine tunnels. A pair of rotatable impeller means discharge entrained powdered material through a pair of housings each having oppositely disposed arcuate openings subtending an arc of about 120.degree.. Generally vertical panels on each side of the impellers guide the discharged material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1985
    Assignee: Speedco, Incorporated
    Inventor: Donald C. Estes
  • Patent number: 4498630
    Abstract: A manure spreader including a rotary distributor at the rear end and an endless apron having a span movable along the bottom of the body is powered from a p.t.o. or the like from a tractor to drive the distributor at a predetermined rate while the speed of the apron may be varied between slow, fast and very fast by variable drive mechanism adjacent the rear end of the body and includes a jaw clutch associated with the distributor, a slidable clutch member movable selectively between driven sprocket gears respectively for relatively slow and fast drive of the apron, together with a direct drive connection between a main drive shaft and a secondary drive shaft connected to the apron to provide a very fast speed for the apron while the distributor is idle to effect a fast cleanout of the body at the end of distributing a load of manure. The direct drive referred to is supplemented by an overriding clutch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1985
    Assignee: Sperry Corporation
    Inventor: Loren G. Sadler
  • Patent number: 4480735
    Abstract: A material unloader is presented having a cargo box structure with front and side walls. There is a beater mechanism rotatively mounted transversely at the rear of the cargo box and an endless apron conveyor disposed along the bottom for conveying material rearwardly to the beater. A main drive shaft powered from the PTO of the towing vehicle extends along one side of the cargo box where it interconnects with gear boxes for both the beater and the conveyor. The interconnection includes clutches and levers to actuate the clutches, together with drive coupling means. The positioning of the levers is simultaneously affected by a cam actuated control assembly mounted on the front wall of the cargo box. The control assembly comprises a rotatably mounted control shaft on which there is secured a multilobe cam plus a pawl and ratchet mechanism indexed by a pull rope for sequentially establishing a multiplicity of conveyor and beater unit drive conditions using a cam follower to relay commands via a control cable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1984
    Assignee: The Paul Revere Corporation
    Inventor: Larry J. Pingry
  • Patent number: 4442979
    Abstract: A spreader of granulated and liquid material, for a vehicle comprises, a granulated material vessel having three feed troughs extending substantially along a longitudinal axis of the vehicle. A conveyor with hydraulic motor is positioned in each feed trough and feeds granulated material to three distributor units. A liquid material vessel is also provided which includes liquid supply lines to each of the distributor units. Each liquid supply line has a hydraulic motor-powered pump. Two of the feed troughs which are positioned on either sides of the longitudinal axis of the vessel include granulated material feed lines connected between the respective feed trough and its associated distributor unit so that a distributor plate of each of the associated distributor units is positionable beyond the side contours of the vehicle, and on either side of the vehicle, to increase the potential width of coverage with the spread material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1984
    Inventor: Willy Kupper
  • Patent number: 4383536
    Abstract: Straw spreaders are normally controlled manually by the operator and it is therefore extremely difficulty to continually adjust the speed of the spreader so that the straw layer is reasonably even because the density of the straw varies continuously across the average field. The present device includes a rheostat sensor at the straw walker that controls the speed of the orbital motor driving the spreader blade assemblies. This results in a relatively even spread of straw taking place regardless of the variation in straw density as the motor slows down under a light load and speeds up when heavy straw is encountered. The operator can, of course, control the on/off functions from the cab if, for example, it is desired to spread alternate swaths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1983
    Inventor: Guy Delorme
  • Patent number: 4373668
    Abstract: A computer control technique controls a chemical spreading operation such as the spreading of a salt-sand composition from a truck hopper. The vehicle has a spinner motor controlled by the vehicle operator from the control panel which is preferably disposed in the vehicle cab, and a conveyor motor operated under computer control and operator control. A display is part of the control panel and indicates conveyor motor speed to the operator. The operating power for the system, and in particular the conveyor motor, is derived from an AC generator (alternator) preferably driven from the fan belt drive of the vehicle motor thus not requiring any separate motor drive or hydraulic drive. In one embodiment a single alternator is used for both conveyor motor power and normal electrical vehicle power, while in an alternative embodiment separate alternators are employed both associated with the vehicle motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1983
    Inventors: Donald R. Forbes, Edson A. Forbes
  • Patent number: RE33835
    Abstract: A hydraulic system is provided including a hydraulic pump which is continuously coupled with the engine of a utility such as a dump truck utilized for snow-ice removal. When hydraulic implements employed on the truck are not actuated, the pump operates in a cavitation mode. During this cavitation mode of operation, there is no ingress of air through seals or the like to a venting of the gear pump chamber essentially to tank or atmosphere. A poppet valve is actuated in conjunction with periodic use of hydraulic elements on the truck to actuate the pump to an operational or pressurized mode. A key actuated calibrating system is employed to calibrate snow-ice removal components in a secure manner. Calibration is provided in conjunction with EEPROM memory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: H.Y.O., Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Kime, Gregory R. McMenamin