Fluid Operated Plunger Motor Patents (Class 239/92)
  • Patent number: 9562505
    Abstract: The disclosure provides an improved fuel injector and method of operating the fuel injector to provide at least two different types of fuel spray to a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The two types of spray are formed by providing a first fuel pressure to the fuel injector during a first portion of an injection event at a first pressure and providing a second fuel pressure to the fuel injection during a second portion of the injection event, and maintaining a substantially constant fuel flow rate throughout the injection event.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: Cummins Inc.
    Inventors: Vesa Hokkanen, David L. Buchanan, Lester L. Peters, Rajesh K. Garg
  • Patent number: 8807450
    Abstract: An injection system (1) for injecting fuel at a predetermined fuel pressure has: an actuator (2, 3) providing a stroke for lifting an injector needle (4) that opens a nozzle into which the fuel is injected; a leverage apparatus (5) for translating the provided stroke into a modified stroke, the apparatus has a compensating device (6) coupled to the actuator (2, 3), and a lever device (7), which is coupled to the injector needle (4), wherein the lever device has at least two symmetrically disposed, single-arm levers (8a, 8b), which each come in contact with an injector needle head (10) of the injector needle (4) when lifting the injector needle (4) by means of a single needle head support (9a, 9b); and wherein the compensating device (6) is suited to compensate a varying force application of the actuator (2, 3) on the single-arm lever (8a, 8b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventor: Maximilian Kronberger
  • Patent number: 8366018
    Abstract: Oil intensified common rail injectors that combine a common-rail non-intensified injector with an oil-intensified injector. The invention also uses fuel (common rail) pumps that are commercially available since the injector does not rely on this pump for intensification function. Also, since the pressure of the fuel pump is limited to lower than the intensified pressure, the injected pressure is limited to the unit injector; this eases the rail and tube requirements to this lower fuel rail pressure. The injector operates up to this limited pressure with no intensification. Also a separate oil system is configured to operate a hydraulic intensifier. Thus the system is able to achieve very high injection pressure without common rail pump, rail, fitting and jumper tube limits. The oil system does not need to operate or run unless these elevated pressures are required. Embodiments using direct needle control are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Sturman Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Donald Giordano, Tibor Kiss, James A. Peña, John Mathew Quinlan
  • Patent number: 8348176
    Abstract: Proposed is a fuel injector for injecting fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The fuel injector has a housing in which are arranged an injection valve element with a nozzle needle, a pressure boosting device, and a first control valve, and a second control valve. The first control valve controls a control space of the nozzle needle and the second control valve controls a differential pressure space of the pressure boosting device. A first return flow connection is provided for discharging the control quantity of the control space of the nozzle needle, and a second return flow connection is provided for discharging the control quantity of the pressure boosting device. The two return flow connections are arranged on different housing parts of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Frasch, Heinz-Bernd Haiser, Christoph Butscher, Hans-Christoph Magel, Stephan Wehr
  • Patent number: 8136741
    Abstract: Disclosed is a fuel injection device comprising a housing and a valve element disposed therein and cooperating with a valve seat located in the area of at least one fuel discharge port. The valve element is composed of several parts while at least two parts of the valve element are coupled to each other via a hydraulic coupler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Hanneke, Nadja Eisenmenger, Achim Brenk, Lorenz Zerle, Michael Mennicken, Helmut Clauss, Hans-Christoph Magel, Dirk Vahle, Andreas Kellner, Hrvoje Lalic, Joachim Boltz, Falko Bredow, Martin Katz
  • Patent number: 8074895
    Abstract: A fuel injection and mixing system is provided that is suitable for use with various types of fuel reformers. Preferably, the system includes a piezoelectric injector for delivering atomized fuel, a gas swirler, such as a steam swirler and/or an air swirler, a mixing chamber and a flow mixing device. The system utilizes ultrasonic vibrations to achieve fuel atomization. The fuel injection and mixing system can be used with a variety of fuel reformers and fuel cells, such as SOFC fuel cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Delavan Inc
    Inventors: Chien-Pei Mao, John Short, Jim Klemm, Royce Abbott, Nick Overman, Spencer Pack, Audra Winebrenner
  • Patent number: 7955552
    Abstract: A car freshener system includes a portable reservoir seated within the vehicle, a predetermined volume of a liquid air freshening compound housed within the reservoir, and a portable discharge casing disposed within the vehicle with a rotary discharging mechanism housed therein. The discharge casing includes an input port and an output port in fluid communication with the reservoir in such a manner that the liquid air freshening compound is caused to enter through the input port and travels along a unidirectional arcuate path defined along a major interior circumference of the discharge casing prior to exiting through the output port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Inventor: Bob Smalldon
  • Patent number: 7896257
    Abstract: A fuel injection apparatus with a piston device that includes a channel and a piston in the channel. A position sensor is used to detect the piston movement inside the channel when the fuel injection apparatus is energized and de-energized, and the sensing value is used for controlling fuel injection rate in real-time and diagnosing failures in the apparatus. With an actuator installed, the piston can also be used for independently modulating fuel pressure during fuel injection. Thereby the shape of fuel injection pulses is controlled. The fuel injection apparatus has three injection states, and flexible fuel injection timing and multi-pulse injection are allowed. Furthermore, in all injection states, fuel supply has no direct contact to combustion chamber. As a result, when a malfunction sticks the apparatus open, no fuel is supplied. This feature provides a safety nature to the fuel injection apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Inventor: Mi Yan
  • Patent number: 7748644
    Abstract: A fuel injector for an internal-combustion engine houses, in a hollow injector body of its own, an injection-control valve, the valve body of which delimits, together with the injector body, an annular chamber designed to receive a fuel under pressure, and insulated in a fluid-tight way by a seal member carried by the valve body and made of plastic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: C.R.F. Societa Consortile per Azioni
    Inventors: Mario Ricco, Sisto Luigi De Matthaeis, Adriano Gorgoglione, Alfonso Di Meo
  • Patent number: 7694891
    Abstract: Fuel injectors with boosted needle control providing controlled and rapid needle closure. Boost and drive pistons are provided for hydraulic actuation to controllably close the needle, with the boost piston reaching a mechanical stop before the needle reaches the closed position, with the drive piston alone providing adequate hydraulic force to hold the needle closed. In a preferred embodiment, fuel from the intensifier is coupled to the top of the boost and drive pistons to close the needle, and controllably coupled to the bottom of the boost and drive pistons to allow pressure in the needle chamber to open the needle. Apparatus for control of fuel pressure to the bottom of the boost and drive pistons is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Sturman Digital Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Oded Eddie Sturman
  • Patent number: 7571603
    Abstract: The invention relates to a metering system for injecting pollutant reducing medium into an exhaust system includes a metering pump, and at least one self-opening nozzle for injecting fluidic media into the exhaust gas system. The nozzle is self-opening with a needle chamber, a nozzle needle and a spring chamber with a spring element. The needle chamber and spring chamber are separated by a flexible membrane which prevents fluidic media from escaping from the needle chamber into the spring chamber, and also permits an excess pressure to prevail in the needle chamber in relation to the spring chamber, causing the nozzle needle to be displaced in opposition to a spring force, thus releasing a nozzle opening. The inventive metering system is cost-effective, robust and can also be used at low operating temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Ripper, Johannes Schaller, Markus Buerglin, Ulrich Meingast, Dirk Heilig
  • Patent number: 7568632
    Abstract: Fuel injectors with boosted needle control providing controlled and rapid needle closure. Boost and drive pistons are provided for hydraulic actuation to controllably close the needle, with the boost piston reaching a mechanical stop before the needle reaches the closed position, with the drive piston alone providing adequate hydraulic force to hold the needle closed. In a preferred embodiment, fuel from the intensifier is coupled to the top of the boost and drive pistons to close the needle, and controllably coupled to the bottom of the boost and drive pistons to allow pressure in the needle chamber to open the needle. Apparatus for control of fuel pressure to the bottom of the boost and drive pistons is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2009
    Assignee: Sturman Digital Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Oded Eddie Sturman
  • Patent number: 7464882
    Abstract: The fluid injection valve has a first and second valve bodies fastened to each other, to bring a first end face of the first valve body into an intimate contact with a second end face of the second valve body. A first fluid passage in the first valve body is communicated with a second fluid passage in the second valve body. The first end face has a first depressed portion thereon, and the second end face has a second depressed portion thereon to be communicated with the first depressed portion to form a cavity to surround the first and second fluid passages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroyasu Kanamori
  • Patent number: 7370636
    Abstract: A fuel injector (1) in an internal combustion engine, wherein an intermediate chamber control valve (26) operated by the fuel pressure in a common rail (2) is arranged in a fuel flow passage (25) connecting a two-position switching type three-way valve (8) and an intermediate chamber (20) of a booster piston (17). When the fuel pressure in the common rail (2) is in a high pressure side fuel region, the booster piston (17) is operated by this intermediate chamber control valve (26), while when the fuel pressure in the common rail (2) is in a low pressure side fuel region, the operation of the booster piston (17) is stopped by this intermediate chamber control valve (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yoshinori Futonagane, Yoshimasa Watanabe
  • Patent number: 7341205
    Abstract: An existing diesel engine vehicle of light oil fuel is enabled to run as a diesel engine vehicle using DME as fuel without exchanging a whole diesel engine and at very low cost and easily. The shape of a tip part 21 of a needle valve 2 is set by a center diameter L3 for regulating a minimum flow path area at full lift of a fuel injection nozzle 1, a seat diameter L2 of a seat part 211 coming in contact with a valve seat part 33 and blocking communication with a fuel injection hole 31, and a shaft diameter L1, and a tip end angle is about 92 degrees. The center diameter L3 is set to ?2.5 mm, the seat diameter L2 is set to ?3.0 mm, and the shaft diameter L1 is set to ?3.25 mm. The ratio of the center diameter L3 and the seat diameter L2 is L3/L2=2.5 mm/3.0 mm=about 0.833, and the ratio of the seat diameter L2 and the shaft diameter L1 is L2/L1=3.0 mm/3.25 mm=about 0.92.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2008
    Assignee: Bosch Automotive Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Shinya Nozaki, Toshifumi Noda, Daijo Ushiyama, Yukihiro Hayasaka
  • Patent number: 7320441
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an injection nozzle (1) for an internal combustion engine, in particular in a motor vehicle. A first nozzle needle (3) controls at least one first injection opening (5). A second nozzle needle (4) controls at least one second injection opening (6). A control chamber (32) is connected via a throttle line (35) to a pressure chamber (34) in which it is possible to adjust the injection pressure. A first control piston (41) cooperates with a first needle unit (17) that includes the first nozzle needle (3) and the first control surface (43) of this first control piston (41) can be acted on by the control pressure prevailing in the control chamber (32). In the closed position of the first nozzle needle (3), there is an axial play (44) between the first control piston (41) and the first needle unit (17).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2008
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Boehland
  • Patent number: 7316361
    Abstract: A fuel injector with a pressure booster supplied with fuel at high pressure. A work chamber of the pressure booster is separated from a differential pressure chamber via a booster piston. The pressure relief and the subjection to pressure of the differential pressure chamber are effected via a switching valve which communicates with the differential pressure chamber via a control line. A pressure chamber on an injection valve member communicates with a compression chamber of the pressure booster via a pressure chamber supply line. The switching valve is embodied as a direct-switching 3/2-way valve, whose valve needle is pressure-balanced and has both a sliding seat and a slide seal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2008
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Hans-Christoph Magel
  • Publication number: 20070278323
    Abstract: A charging circuit for a fuel injection coil enables the controller to selectively add a pulse of increased amplitude to the beginning of an injection current pulse. Optionally, the controller can also select one of a plurality of amplitudes for the pulse and control the duration of the pulse.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2007
    Publication date: December 6, 2007
    Applicant: Siemens VDO Automotive Corporation
    Inventors: Luis Juan Morenilla, James Joseph Stafford, Paul Aaron Markow
  • Patent number: 7252245
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve includes a valve member, a first stop member, a second stop member, a movable core, a fixed core, and a coil. The valve member opens and closes an injection nozzle. The first stop member protrudes radially outward from said valve member. The second stop member protrudes radially outward from said valve member. The movable core is sandwiched between said first and second stop members. The movable core and one of said first and second stop members defines a fuel chamber. The fixed core is axially displaced from said movable core. The coil causes reciprocal axial displacement of said valve member such that said movable core axially reciprocates toward and away from said fixed core therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: DENSO Corporation
    Inventor: Toyoji Nishiwaki
  • Patent number: 7204433
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve has: a tubular body, a valve seat member, a valve body, a core tube, a bias spring, and an electromagnetic actuator. The core tube is press fitted into the tubular body. The core tube has a first end side opposing an absorption section of the valve body in such a manner as to form an axial gap interposed between the first end side of the core tube and the absorption section. The core tube has a second end side axially extending in the tubular body to a certain position on a way to the second end side of the tubular body. The axially extending second end side of the core tube has an outer periphery which is formed with a reduced diameter section for increasing an accuracy in positioning the core tube when the core tube is press fitted into the tubular body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2007
    Assignee: Unisia Jecs Corporation
    Inventors: Takayuki Kobayashi, Hideo Kato
  • Patent number: 7165731
    Abstract: When an engine is cold-started, the engine oil is quite viscous and requires larger passageways to flow through the engine than when the engine is warmed up and the engine oil flows readily. The present invention relates to a pin valve assembly which may be used on a fuel injector of an engine. The pin valve assembly of the present invention includes a movable shuttle which allows for a relatively large fluid flow space within the pin valve assembly when the engine is cold, and then moves to reduce the fluid flow space when the engine oil is less viscous and requires less room to flow as desired. Therefore, the advantages of a relatively large fluid flow space as well as a shorter pin travel distance within the pin valve assembly are both preserved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2007
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventor: Clifford E. Cotton, III
  • Patent number: 7121476
    Abstract: A fuel injection device, which has: a nozzle needle, guided displaceably in a nozzle body, which as a function of its position opens or closes at least one injection opening, in which a control chamber, to which fuel can be delivered under pressure via an inlet throttle and from which fuel can be diverted, controlled by a control valve, via an outlet throttle, is provided at a piston face of the nozzle needle facing away from the injection opening, and in which in operation, the position of the nozzle needle is controlled by a pressure difference between the pressure in the control chamber and the pressure of the fuel at the end, toward the injection opening, of the nozzle needle, is characterized in that the nozzle needle is surrounded, over at least part of its length, during operation by fuel at high pressure, such that only in the regions of the nozzle needle near the injection opening and in the control chamber can a lower pressure, differing from the high fuel pressure, occur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Christoph Buehler, Juergen Frasch, Christoph Butscher, Michael Scheurer, Stephan Wehr
  • Patent number: 7104464
    Abstract: A fuel supply method for a fuel injection device including a fuel injection unit, comprising: supplying fuel to a first fuel injection member of the fuel injection unit through a first fuel supply passage internally formed in a holding-and-supplying unit holding the fuel injection unit; and supplying fuel to a second fuel injection member of the fuel injection unit through a second fuel supply passage internally formed in the holding-and-supplying unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masayoshi Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Ninomiya, Hiroaki Miyamoto, Takeo Oda
  • Patent number: 7097114
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a self-cleaning injector nozzle or other fluid conduit that maintains deposits at a low level by sonic tuning the shock wave generated during fluid flow through that nozzle or conduit. Methods of producing an injector nozzle and a method of cleansing deposits from liquid or gaseous fluids are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventor: Allen A. Aradi
  • Patent number: 7083113
    Abstract: A fuel injection apparatus for injecting fuel into the combustion chambers of an internal combustion engine. includes a high pressure accumulator, a pressure booster, and a metering valve. The pressure booster includes a working chamber and a control chamber that are separated from each other by an axially movable piston. A pressure change in the control chamber produces a pressure change in a compression chamber that acts on a nozzle chamber via a fuel inlet. The nozzle chamber encompasses a nozzle needle. A nozzle spring chamber that acts on the injection valve element can be filled on the high-pressure side via a line that leads from the compression chamber and contains an inlet throttle restriction. On the outlet side, the nozzle spring chamber is connected to a chamber of the pressure booster via a line that contains an outlet throttle restriction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Kropp, Hans-Christoph Magel, Manfred Mack, Christian Grimminger
  • Patent number: 6997392
    Abstract: The invention relates to an injection valve (1) comprising a booster piston (23), said piston delimiting a pump chamber (22) and a booster chamber (29). A valve (14) is provided in the inlet to the chamber (22). The valve is configured as a 3/2-way valve and controls the pressure in the pump chamber (22). The pressure in the pump chamber (22) is converted into a correspondingly increased pressure in the booster chamber (29) and in an injection chamber (34) containing an injection needle (6), by means of the booster piston (23). The use of the valve (14) allows a precise control of the injection times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wendelin Klügl, Günter Lewentz, Martin Neumaier
  • Patent number: 6986474
    Abstract: A control module (1) for an injector of an accumulator injection system is used to control and guide a valve body (8). The control module comprises a high pressure supply line (2) for supplying fuel, and a guiding device (3) for guiding the valve body (8). A control room (4), an inlet throttle (5) and an outlet throttle (6) are also provided. The inlet throttle (5) connects the high pressure supply line (2) to the control chamber (4) and the outlet throttle (6) connects the control chamber (4) to a control valve (15). A control piston (7) is arranged in the control chamber (4), the end of the control piston opposite the control chamber (4) being connected to a high pressure region (9) on the valve body (8).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2006
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wolfgang Bloching, Willibald Schürz
  • Patent number: 6981653
    Abstract: A fuel injection system having a high-pressure fuel pump connected to a fuel injection valve for each cylinder of an internal combustion engine in which the high-pressure fuel pump has a piston defining a working chamber communicating with a pressure chamber of the fuel injection valve, which has an injection valve element that controls injection openings and can be moved in an opening direction counter to a closing force by the pressure prevailing in the pressure chamber. A first control valve controls a connection of the pump working chamber to a relief chamber and a second control valve controls a connection of a control pressure chamber, which communicates with the pump working chamber, to a relief chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Boehland
  • Patent number: 6974089
    Abstract: An injector has two interconnected main sections, a body section and an injector section. The injector section is connected to the body section by way of a form lock, and the connection is produced by a partial material connection. The injector is preferably suitable for use in a fuel-injection device for an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Neumaier, Karin Wels
  • Patent number: 6908040
    Abstract: A unit injector assembly is provided that helps to ensure maximum injection flow while minimizing the harmful affects of pressure waves within the unit injector assembly. The unit injector assembly has a first fuel passageway extending from the plunger piston pumping chamber to the tip check stem injection chamber and valve seat. The unit injector assembly has a second fuel passageway extending from the tip check stem injection chamber to a fuel control valve assembly. A flow restricting fuel passageway connects one of the pumping chamber and the first fuel passageway with the second fuel passageway and acts to minimize cavitation at the valve seat and effectively eliminates pressure waves within the unit injector assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2005
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Mingchun Dong, Avtar S. Sandhu
  • Patent number: 6874705
    Abstract: The invention relates to a unit injector system for supplying the combustion chamber of a self-igniting internal combustion engine with fuel. The unit injector system has a high-pressure chamber that can be subjected to pressure via a pump piston. A storage piston is received inside a storage chamber and is acted upon via a compression spring disposed in a spring holder. A return flow throttle element, which delays the buildup of pressure in the storage chamber, is disposed between the high pressure chamber and the storage chamber of the storage piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Marcus Parche
  • Patent number: 6840466
    Abstract: A hydraulic control valve for a fuel injector for an automotive engine, which includes a piezoelectric actuator and a hydraulic valve mechanism. The hydraulic valve mechanism converts a mechanical deformation of the piezoelectric actuator produced as a result of application of a voltage into a hydraulic pressure to move a valve member for opening and closing a fluid port. The hydraulic valve mechanism is so designed that the piezoelectric actuator produces a maximum output force which works to develop the hydraulic pressure when opening the fluid port through the valve member and decreases after the fluid port is opened and which is set smaller than one-half of a maximum possible output force of the piezoelectric actuator under application of a maximum working voltage to said piezoelectric actuator, thereby ensuring a maximum movement of the valve member at high energy efficiency under application of the voltage within a working voltage range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Toshihiko Igashira, Satoshi Hayashi
  • Patent number: 6820827
    Abstract: An injector for a fuel injection system is proposed, having an at least partial compensation for the hydraulic forces acting on the nozzle needle. In addition, the fuel volume to be controlled is reduced, so that short control times are possible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 6811103
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injection device for a reciprocating internal combustion engine, comprising a nozzle part (5) with an injection nozzle (13), said nozzle part having a pressure chamber (10) in which a nozzle needle (9) that closes the injection nozzle (13) is guided. Said nozzle needle can be moved into the opening position when subjected to pressure by the fuel to be injected. The pressure chamber (10) is connected to a control part (7) by a connecting channel (6), this control part having a valve chamber (21) into which the connecting channel (6) and a high pressure channel (8) that is connected to a fuel supply (4) open, and in which a valve body (23) is guided. Said valve body (23) acts as a piston system and is held in the closing position by a valve spring and a valve seat (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: FEV Motorentechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Gunter Gürich, Hermann Joseph Laumen, Karl Joachim Schmücker
  • Patent number: 6811134
    Abstract: A valve for controlling fluids, having a piezoelectric actuator unit for actuating a valve member that is disposed in an at least one-piece valve body and that has at least one displacement piston communicating with the actuator unit and at least one actuating piston operatively connected to the displacement piston via a hydraulic coupler, which actuating piston is connected to a valve closing member which cooperates with at least one valve seat and in the closing position disconnects a control chamber from an outlet chamber, the hydraulic coupler being provided with a filling device. The valve closing member has a pistonlike cylindrical region, which with the valve body forms at least one filter gap for the fluid to be delivered to the filling device, and at whose level an inlet conduit of the filling device branches off.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Stoecklein, Dietmar Schmieder
  • Publication number: 20040188536
    Abstract: A fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine with direct injection includes a fuel injection device (16), which can inject the fuel directly into a combustion chamber of the engine, and which has a valve element (70). The valve element borders on a work chamber (79), and the position of the valve element (70) depends on the pressure in the work chamber (79). A pressure booster piston (54) borders on a control chamber (96) on one side and on a high-pressure chamber (76) on the other. A fuel supply can subject the control chamber (96) to various pressures. To improve the emissions performance of an engine equipped with the fuel injection system, it is proposed that the pressure booster piston (54) be integrated with the fuel injection device (16) and that the high-pressure chamber (76) be integrated with the work chamber (79).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2003
    Publication date: September 30, 2004
    Inventors: Peter Boehland, Sebastian Kanne
  • Patent number: 6779741
    Abstract: For each cylinder of the internal combustion engine, the fuel injection apparatus has a high-pressure fuel pump and a fuel injection valve connected to it. A pump piston of the high-pressure fuel pump defines a pump working chamber, which is connected to a pressure chamber of the fuel injection valve, which has an injection valve member, which controls the injection openings and which the pressure prevailing in the pressure chamber can move in an opening direction, counter to a closing force. A first control valve controls a connection between the pump working chamber and a relief chamber, and a second control valve controls a connection between a relief chamber and a control pressure chamber connected to the pump working chamber. A control piston, which is connected to the injection valve member, divides the control pressure chamber into two separate partial chambers, which are connected to each other by means of a throttle restriction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Boehland
  • Patent number: 6736331
    Abstract: A valve for controlling fluids, having an inflow line and a leak fuel line, which each communicate with a pressure chamber. A piston element is adjustable by a control element and opens and closes a first passage between the inflow line and the pressure chamber. The piston element has a slide element, which is disposed directly at the seat of the piston element. The stroke length of the slide element for opening the first passage is greater than or equal to the stroke length for closing a second passage between the pressure chamber and the leak fuel line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 6732948
    Abstract: A fuel injector for use in an injector arrangement including a pumping plunger, a pump chamber and a spill valve arrangement controlling communication between the pump chamber and a low pressure fuel reservoir. The fuel injector comprises a valve needle which is engageable with a seating to control fuel delivery through a fuel injector outlet opening, a first control chamber being arranged such that the fuel pressure therein acts on a surface associated with the valve needle and a second control chamber being arranged such that fuel pressure therein acts on a surface associated with the spill valve arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Delphi Technolgies, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul Buckley
  • Patent number: 6726128
    Abstract: A unite injector a unit injector for injecting fuel into the combustion chamber of a self-igniting internal combustion engine, including a pump part a nozzle part and an final control element that is followed downstream by a hydraulic coupler which actuates a valve needle of a 2/2-way valve inside a nozzle body. The final control element includes a piezoelectric crystal array. The hydraulic coupler acts on the face end of the valve needle in such a way that it can be put into a first position that enables a pressure buildup, and a further position of the valve needle that enables the opening of a nozzle needle, with the pressure buildup and the valve opening being separately adjustable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Stefan Schempp
  • Patent number: 6688536
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fuel injectors having a free floating plunger. Traditional tappet assemblies include a plunger that is mechanically coupled to the tappet, and therefore, cannot be uncoupled over a portion of its movement during an injection event. In the event of a plunger seizure in a traditional tappet assembly, the tappet spring can be prevented from expanding, which can cause major valve train and engine damage. In addition, because the plunger in traditional tappet assemblies is moved to its upward position under the action of the tappet spring, the fuel passages can depressurize if fuel cannot refill the fuel pressurization chamber as quickly as the plunger retracts, causing cavitation bubbles. Therefore, the present invention utilizes a plunger that is not mechanically coupled to the tappet and can uncouple from the tappet during the injection event to address these and other problems related to plunger wear and failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2004
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Dana Coldren, James J. Streicher, Matthew Bredesen
  • Publication number: 20030222154
    Abstract: A high pressure fuel supply apparatus 6 having: a plunger 161 reciprocating and sliding in a sleeve 160 of a high pressure fuel pump 16 so as to form a fuel pressurizing chamber 163 between the plunger 161 and the sleeve 160 to thereby discharge pressurized fuel; a tappet 164 reciprocated while abutting against the plunger 161; and a cam 100 abutting against the tappet 164 so as to reciprocate the tappet 164 and the plunger 161; wherein the tappet 164 has a recess portion 164a formed near a central portion of an abutment surface of the tappet 164 against the plunger 161.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2002
    Publication date: December 4, 2003
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI DENKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Yoshihiko Onishi, Takuya Uryu, Yuta Ichinose
  • Patent number: 6655603
    Abstract: A reverse flow valve member is positioned within an injector body of a fuel injector and is movable between a closed position and an open position. When the reverse flow valve member is in its closed position, an upper portion of a nozzle supply passage is blocked from fluid communication with a lower portion of the nozzle supply passage. A compressed spring biases the reverse flow valve member to its closed position. When the reverse flow valve member is in its open position, the fuel pressurization chamber is fluidly connected to the lower portion of the nozzle supply passage. The present invention limits gas ingestion due to tip leakage, and allows an injector with trapped gas to prime itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2003
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Michael C. Long, Xinshuang Nan, Hrishikesh D. Thaker, Sudhindra K. Ayanji, Victor I. Yacoub, Goudarz Haji
  • Patent number: 6634569
    Abstract: An injector for injecting fuel into the combustion chambers of an internal combustion engine in which a movable control part is contained in the housing of the injector and is guided in this injector housing to unblock the inlet to an injection nozzle when a closing element relieves the pressure in a control chamber or closes the inlet when a pressure is built up in the control chamber. The nozzle needle of the injector is associated with a piston element which encourages the closing movement of the nozzle needle and counteracts its opening movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 6631853
    Abstract: An oil activated fuel injector control valve which substantially eliminates captured air within working fluid of the fuel injector. This eliminates shot by shot variations in the fuel injector as well as increasing the efficiency of the fuel injector. The fuel injector includes a control valve body which has vent holes which prevent air from mixing with the working fluid. In this manner, the working fluid does not have to compress and/or dissolve the air in the working ports prior to acting on the piston and plunger mechanism in an intensifier body of the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: Siemens Diesel Systems Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Martin Lenk, Bernd Niethammer
  • Patent number: 6626369
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an injection device having an injection valve (12), a valve device (18, 20) for controlling the injection, and a setting element (22) for operating the valve device (18, 20), the valve device having at least one first valve (18) and a second valve (20) which can be operated by the settling element (22) via a common hydraulic coupling space (24). The present invention further relates to a method for injecting fluid in which a setting element is (22) is activated, a valve device (18, 20) is operated by the setting element (22), and an injection valve (12) is opened, the first valve (18) and a second valve (20) of the valve device (18, 20) being operated by the setting element (22) via a common hydraulic coupling space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Hans-Christoph Magel
  • Patent number: 6575384
    Abstract: The injector has a control rod controlled by the fuel pressure in a control chamber, and a nozzle having an injection chamber supplied with pressurized fuel for injection. The nozzle has at least one injection orifice normally closed by a pin connected to the rod and activated by the fuel pressure in the injection chamber. The control chamber has a pressurized-fuel intake conduit, and a fuel discharge conduit which is normally closed and is opened for a variable length of time depending on the amount of fuel to be injected. The pin and the rod, and/or the intake conduit and the discharge conduit, are so sized as to keep the pin and the rod hydraulically balanced in the maximum-lift position to open the orifice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2003
    Assignee: C.R.F. Societa Consortile per Azioni
    Inventor: Mario Ricco
  • Patent number: 6526943
    Abstract: An oil activated fuel injector which includes a control valve having a groove which provides a fluid path between a bore and a cross bore of the valve body. The fluid path leads to ambient such that a pressure within a pressure chamber is less than that of the rail pressure. This equalized pressure allows the spool within the valve body to move to a first position thus forming a fluid path between an inlet port and the working port leading to the intensifier chamber. When the fluid path is blocked, via movement of the groove out of alignment with the cross bar, the pressure within the pressure chamber increases thereby forcing the spool to move towards a second position. In the second position, a space is formed between the spool and the body of the injector to provide venting of the working fluid from the intensifier chamber to ambient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Siemens Diesel Systems Technology, LLC
    Inventor: Ulrich Augustin
  • Patent number: 6527199
    Abstract: In a fuel injection valve for a pump-line-injector system of an internal combustion engine, comprising a fuel injector with a nozzle body, a nozzle needle longitudinally movably supported in the nozzle body between a seated nozzle closing position and a lift-off position assumed during fuel injection, the nozzle includes a fuel supply passage, a fuel drain passage, a connecting passage extending from the fuel supply passage to the fuel drain passage, and a spring-loaded pressure relief piston forming a control valve disposed in the path of the pressurized fuel from the fuel supply passage to the drain passage for controlling the pressure of the fuel supplied to the nozzle needle during fuel injection into a cylinder of the internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler AG
    Inventor: Volker Schwarz
  • Patent number: 6494383
    Abstract: A control valve configuration is described which is used in a fuel injector for internal combustion engine. The control valve contains a valve body that can be displaced axially in a valve chamber by an actuating device and is formed of two rigidly connected sections. A first section of the valve body forms a seat valve between the valve inlet and valve outlet in a first section of the valve chamber. The seat valve is closed in a rest position of the valve body and is opened in a working position of the valve body. A second section of the valve body and a second section of the valve chamber form a slide valve which, in the rest position of the valve body, produces a fluidic connection between the valve outlet and a return opening and blocks the fluidic connection between the seat valve and the valve outlets and which closes the return opening and then starts to produce a fluidic connection between the seat valve and the valve outlet only after it leaves the rest position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Ulrich Augustin