By Operations Other Than Force Of Contact With Solid Surface Patents (Class 241/1)
  • Patent number: 9739584
    Abstract: Tracer ammunition is disclosed and includes a projectile having a body; a chamber in the body having a front end and a rear end, the rear end of the chamber being open; an aperture at a rear end of the body providing an opening to the open end of the chamber; and a tracer material disposed within the chamber, wherein the tracer material is configured to combust when ignited and emit optical energy through the aperture as a result of the combustion process. The tracer material may be configured to include a rear-facing surface having a concave contour to aid in directivity of light output from the tracer material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Physics Optics Corporation
    Inventors: Kang-Bin Chua, Ranjit Pradhan, Jerald A. Cole, Gibum Kim, Joseph Rustick
  • Patent number: 9714333
    Abstract: Processes for decrosslinking crosslinked plastic and devulcanizing vulcanized rubber include advancing such materials through single screw or twin screw extruders including special ultrasonic treatment zones wherein threadless shaft (single screw) or shafts (twin screw) rotate under an ultrasonic horn having a distal end aligned with the shaft or shafts and being shaped complimentary thereto. Special arcuate (single screw) or double-arcuate ultrasonic treatment flow paths confine the materials to flow under the horn where the material is subjected to ultrasonic waves to decrosslink the material, in the case of crosslinked plastic, or devulcanize the material, in the case of vulcanized rubber, with the extrudate leaving the die as a continuous stream or rope as is typical of virgin plastic or rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventor: Avraam Isayev
  • Patent number: 9708533
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a wavelength conversion member including a polycrystalline ceramics includes mixing a substance serving as a silicon source, a substance serving as an aluminum source, a substance serving as a calcium source, and a substance serving as a europium source; firing the obtained mixture to obtain an oxynitride phosphor powder; then sintering the oxynitride phosphor powder in an inert atmosphere to obtain the polycrystalline ceramics, characterized in that the sintered oxynitride phosphor powder has a composition (excluding oxygen) represented by the Formula: Cax1Eux2Si12-(y+z)Al(y+z)OzN16-z (in the Formula, x1, x2, y, and z are values such that 0<x1?3.40, 0.05?x2?0.20, 3.5?y?7.0, 0?z?1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Ube Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuki Iwashita, Takuma Sakai, Takayuki Ueda, Masataka Fujinaga, Shinsuke Jida, Masataka Yamanaga, Yuki Nagao, Takafumi Kawano
  • Patent number: 9700893
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for breaking mineral particles comprising suspending the particles in a liquid flowing in a conduction path, the liquid comprising a dielectric constant higher than the particles and wherein an electric voltage pulse is sent to electrodes to pass an electric field in the mineral particles with sufficient stress to fracture the mineral particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: SDG, LLC
    Inventor: William M. Moeny
  • Patent number: 9676917
    Abstract: An advanced manufacturing plant and process to efficiently deconstruct and recycle post-consumer carpet primarily in an aqueous environment. The water-based technology substantially eliminates airborne particulate emissions into the workplace and the environment. It also significantly increases the quality and quantity of the resources recovered from the carpet. In addition to recycling residential carpet, it also reclaims and recycles material from commercial broadloom carpet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: XT Green, Inc.
    Inventors: Xinting Tian, Gail Brice, Lorence Moot, Frank Lu
  • Patent number: 9604225
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electrode arrangement for an electrodynamic fragmentation plant having a passage opening (1) for fragmentation material (3) and having several electrode pairs (4a, 5a; 4a, 5b; 4b, 5c; 4b, 5d; 4c, 5e; 4c, 5f; 4d, 5g; 4d, 5h) by means of which, by charging the electrodes (4a-4d, 5a-5h) thereof with high-voltage pulses, in each case high-voltage discharges can be generated within the passage opening (1), for fragmentation of the fragmentation material (3). The passage opening (1) is formed in such a way and the electrodes (4a-4d, 5a-5h) of the electrode pairs are arranged therein in such a way that for each electrode pair (4a, 5a; 4a, 5b; 4b, 5c; 4b, 5d; 4c, 5e; 4c, 5f; 4d, 5g; 4d, 5h) in the area of a shortest connecting line (L) between the electrodes of the respective electrode pair, a ball (K) can pass through the passage opening (1), the diameter of which is bigger than the length of this respective shortest connecting line (L).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: selFrag AG
    Inventors: Reinhard Muller-Siebert, Fabrice Monti Di Sopra, Bernhard Hasler, Harald Giese
  • Patent number: 9586210
    Abstract: An apparatus is disclosed for comminuting a polycrystalline silicon rod, which apparatus includes a base, at least one movable comminuting tool and optionally at least one immovable anvil. A silicon rod to be comminuted lies on a longitudinal axis oriented parallel or virtually parallel to the surface of the base and can be adjusted between the comminuting tool and anvil. Also disclosed is a method for comminuting a polycrystalline silicon rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventors: Joachim Mattes, Peter Gruebl, Siegfried Riess
  • Patent number: 9574445
    Abstract: An apparatus for bi-directionally mining a manganese nodule includes a traveling device to travel in a predetermined traveling direction, collecting devices installed at both ends of the traveling device, respectively, to collect the manganese nodule, and a control device to sense the traveling direction of the traveling device and to drive one of the collecting devices installed at both ends of the traveling device, which is placed in the sensed traveling direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: Korea Instutite of Ocean Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tae-Kyeong Yeu, Sup Hong, Hyung-Woo Kim, Jong-Su Choi
  • Patent number: 9492854
    Abstract: A food waste management system includes a tank having an internal chamber for containing food waste and sufficient water for fully submersing the food waste. The system further includes a water supply system for supplying water to the internal chamber, a gas supply system for supplying a gas to the internal chamber, a discharge system for discharging water and food waste from the internal chamber, a grinder system for grinding the food waste, the grinder system being disposed in the internal chamber to be fully submersed in the water, a circulation system disposed in the internal chamber for circulating water and food waste and a control system for controlling operation of the food waste management system in accordance with a desired control process. The system further includes a nutrient additive to be supplied to the internal chamber in predetermined amounts at predetermined intervals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: ENVIROPURE SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: James Slanina
  • Patent number: 9429151
    Abstract: A heat sink assembly is disclosed for cooling a power electronics module, such as a variable frequency drive. The heat sink assembly includes a housing and a heat sink structure. The housing defines an interior chamber for enclosing the power electronics module and also defines a cooling air flow channel exterior to the interior chamber. The heat sink structure is disposed in conductive heat transfer relationship with the interior chamber and has a heat transfer surface positioned within the exterior cooling air flow channel in convective heat transfer relationship with the cooling air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michael F. Taras, KeonWoo Lee, Mark J. Perkovich, Suresh Duraisamy, XuQiang Liao, Claus E. Jorgensen, Arne F. Hansen
  • Patent number: 9364429
    Abstract: An orally disintegrating tablet is obtained by dry tabletting a mixture of: hydroxyalkyl cellulose microparticles having a 50% particle size in the cumulative particle size distribution of more than or equal to 15 ?m and less than 40 ?m, and having a hydroxyalkyl group content of 40 to 80% by mass; a main drug as a pharmaceutical ingredient; and optionally, additives such as an excipient, a binder, a disintegrant, a lubricating agent, an agent for sustained release, a base material, a coloring agent, a pH adjusting agent, a pH buffer agent, a surfactant, a stabilizer, an acidulant, a flavoring agent, a fluidizing agent, a refreshing agent, a sweetener, a savoring component, and a sweetness intensifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichiro Tsue, Takeshi Shimotori, Takashi Kato
  • Patent number: 9358737
    Abstract: A process to manufacture a 3D mold to fabricate a high-throughput and low cost sub-micron 3D structure product is disclosed. The process integrates use of 2-photon laser lithography and 3D write technology to make a 3D mold of each layer of the 3D structure product, and then use nanoimprinting to form a sheet of polymer film of each layer of the 3D structure from the said 3D mold of that layer. Each layer of the sheet of polymer film is then fabricated into the sub-micron 3D structure product. The 3D mold of each layer of a high-throughput and low cost sub-micron 3D structure product, is further used to make master molds which is then used to form a sheet of polymer film of each layer of the 3D structure to fabricate the sub-micron 3D structure product. Applications using this process are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: HELIOS APPLIED SYSTEMS PTE LTD
    Inventor: Shyi-Herng Kan
  • Patent number: 9334625
    Abstract: Disclosed is a buffer system for mining a deep seafloor mineral resource. The buffer system includes a hopper part that introduces and stores a crushed mineral resource to discharge the crushed mineral resource upward, a first pipe that communicates with an upper portion of the hopper part to introduce the mineral resource, a feeder part provided under the hopper part to discharge the mineral resources upward, a second pipe that communicates with the feeder part and lifts the mineral resource, a hydraulic part provided under the hopper part to convert power received from a surface boat into hydraulic power to operate at least one actuator and a driving motor to introduce the mineral resource into the first pipe, and a structure frame coupled to a lifting pipe to transmit an external load applied to the buffer system, and constituting an external frame of the buffer system to protect internal units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
    Inventors: Sup Hong, Jong-Su Choi, Hyung-Woo Kim, Tae-Kyeong Yeu, Cheon-Hong Min
  • Patent number: 9327288
    Abstract: A method of grinding a powder, which grinds a powder using an air stream generated inside a grinding chamber in a jet mill in which there is no place to retain powder inside the grinding chamber is provided. The method includes: a mixing step of mixing an auxiliary agent with the powder; a heating step of heating a high pressure gas; a supplying step of supplying the high pressure gas heated in the heating step into the grinding chamber; an injecting step of injecting the powder in which the auxiliary agent is mixed in the mixing step into the grinding chamber in a predetermined amount in which the concentration of the auxiliary agent inside the grinding chamber is lower than an ignition concentration; and a grinding step of grinding the powder using the air stream generated inside the grinding chamber by the high pressure gas supplied in the supplying step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: NISSHIN ENGINEERING INC.
    Inventors: Kazumi Kozawa, Harutoshi Tominaga
  • Patent number: 9304066
    Abstract: A system for at least one of homogenization and lysis of a sample includes one or more walls forming an enclosed chamber having an inlet and a plurality of fluidic connections. A first fluidic network is coupled to at least one of the plurality of fluidic connections and a second fluidic network is coupled to at least one of the plurality of fluidic connections. The system further includes a rotary element within the chamber, and an actuator configured to rotate the rotary element. The first fluidic network is configured to introduce at least a sample into the chamber from at least one first reservoir. The second fluidic network is configured to expel at least the sample from the chamber to at least one second reservoir. The rotary element is rotated by the actuator about an axis extending along a length of the rotary element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Stat-Diagnostica & Innovation S.L.
    Inventors: Jordi Carrera Fabra, Anna Comengés Casas, Ricard Martín Blanco, Rafael Bru Gibert
  • Patent number: 9192940
    Abstract: The invention relates to a novel device (10) for separating composite materials, comprising a cylindrical rotor (17), which has a shaft driven by a motor and strip-shaped first impacting tools (30), which are evenly distributed over the circumference and which protrude from the rotor parallel to the shaft, and comprising a cylindrical stator (12) that surrounds the rotor, wherein an annular space (32) is formed between the rotor and the stator. An air supply channel (15) opens into the upper region of the annular space (32) and an air removal channel (38) leads away from the lower region of the annular space. Furthermore, the cylindrical wall of the stator (12) has strip-shaped second impacting tools (31), which are evenly distributed over the circumference and which protrude radially inward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: ASCORE Technologies AG
    Inventor: Christoph Muther
  • Patent number: 9132430
    Abstract: A system and method for separating polymer components of a multi-component article, such as a shoe, is presented. The described system and method exploits the differences in embrittlement and glass transition temperature of different polymer components of the multi-component article by cryogenically freezing the prepared article and impacting the article such that one polymer component is pulverized without substantially fracturing the remaining portion of the article. The system and method further includes a re-looping capability to maximize separation and recovery of polymer components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: NIKE, Inc.
    Inventors: Simon William Lofts, Samuel Graham Stevens, Nathiel Egosi
  • Patent number: 9120101
    Abstract: A method and device for reusing materials and/or products by pulsed power according to which a series of electrical discharges are generated between at least two electrodes in a reactor containing an ambient liquid as well as the materials and/or products to be reused. The energy of the electric discharges, the voltage between the electrodes, the switching time and the frequency of the discharges are selected such that said discharges generate electric arcs that pass through the materials and/or products to be reused, and mechanical shock waves that propagate across the materials and/or products to be treated in the reactor. The result is fragmentation, pulverisation, dispersion and separation of the elements that make up the materials and/or products to be reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: CAMILLE COMPAGNIE D'ASSISTANCE MINIERE ET INDUSTRIELLE
    Inventors: Abdelaziz Bentaj, Nadir Ouayahya, Jean Louis Clement, Jean Pierre Tutusaus
  • Patent number: 9120102
    Abstract: A method for reusing material by pulsed power, according to which a series of electrical discharges are generated between at least two electrodes in a reactor receiving an ambient liquid as well as the materials to be reused. The series of said electrical discharges produce, as a result of the energy, the frequency of the electrical discharges, the voltage between the electrodes and the switching time, a mechanical shockwave which propagates over the materials to be processed in the reactor. The ambient liquid is cooled by a continuous or carousel cooling system, to enable the production of nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: CAMILLE COMPAGNIE D'ASSISTANCE MINIERE ET INDUSTRIELLE
    Inventors: Abdelaziz Bentaj, Nadir Quayahya, Jean-Louis Clement, Marc Burey
  • Patent number: 9101959
    Abstract: A method comprises accessing a vibratory device having a rotor and first and second eccentric weights. The first weight is initially attached to the rotor's shaft in a manner such that its center of the mass is offset from the shaft in a first radial direction. The second weight is initially attached to the shaft in a manner such that its center of the mass is also offset in the first radial direction. The method further comprises reorienting the first and second weights relative to the shaft in a manner such that their centers of the mass are offset in a second radial direction. By performing these steps, the location of greatest bearing surface wear rate on the shaft is circumferentially relocated about the shaft. As such, the service life of an eccentric weight vibratory device is thereby extended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Martin Engineering Company
    Inventor: Grant S. Burton
  • Patent number: 9067859
    Abstract: A reactor comprising at least one contact surface made from, coated with, or impregnated by a catalyst, wherein the contact surface comprises a sintered metal or a ceramic, and wherein the reactor is configured to subject a reactant stream to shear. A system for carrying out a heterogeneously catalyzed reaction, the system comprising a reactor as described above and a pump configured for delivering reactants to the at least one reactor. A method for carrying out a heterogeneously-catalyzed reaction by introducing reactants into a reactor comprising at least one contact surface made from, coated with, or impregnated by a catalyst under conditions which promote production of a desired product, wherein the contact surface comprises a sintered metal or a ceramic, and forming a dispersion of reactants within the reactor, wherein the dispersion comprises droplets or gas bubbles of reactant with an average diameter of less than about 5 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: H R D CORPORATION
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory Borsinger, Aziz Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh
  • Publication number: 20150114265
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of making a particulate material comprising; providing mineral wool base material in a form having size at least 80% not more than 40 mm, subjecting the mineral wool base material to sintering by use of a pulse combustor and thereby forming a particulate material in the form of particles having size at least 80% not more than 20 mm. An apparatus for carrying out the method comprises means for size reduction of coherent mineral wool substrate and a reaction chamber in communication with a pulse combustor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Jean Marie Wilhelmus Cuypers, Andreas Leismann, Stuart Lambie
  • Patent number: 8992815
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of producing a chemically pure and stably dispersed organic nanoparticle colloidal suspension using an ultrafast pulsed laser ablation process. The method comprises irradiating a target of an organic compound material in contact with a poor solvent with ultrashort laser pulses at a high repetition rate and collecting the nanoparticles of the organic compound produced. The method may be implemented with a high repetition rate ultrafast pulsed laser source, an optical system for focusing and moving the pulsed laser beam, an organic compound target in contact with a poor solvent, and a solvent circulating system to cool the laser focal volume and collect the produced nanoparticle products. By controlling various laser parameters, and with optional poor solvent flow movement, the method provides stable colloids of dispersed organic nanoparticles in the poor solvent in the absence of any stabilizing agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Zhendong Hu, Yong Che
  • Publication number: 20150083830
    Abstract: Apparatus (10) for the micronisation of a powdered material (P) containing particles, comprising: a container (11), containing a reserve of the powdered product (P) to be micronised; a high-energy gaseous spiral fluid-jet micronising mill (12) with which powdered product (P) is micronised; and a feed system (13) to feed powdered product (P) from container (11) to the spiral jet mill (12), wherein feed system (13) comprises a special microdispenser device (20, 21, 26, 27, 28, 29) that micrometrically dispenses and directly feeds the powdered material (P), in a dense state, to the spiral jet mill (12), and wherein said microdispenser device (20) comprises one or more dispensing sections (21) which are cyclically filled with material originating from container (11) and then emptied to feed the material to the spiral jet mill (12), opening and closing at high frequency a plurality of control valves (26, 27, 28 and 29) associated with the dispensing sections (21) of the microdispenser device (20).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Milko Leone, Simone Frattini, Matteo Gamberoni
  • Publication number: 20150069153
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method of fragmenting and/or weakening of material by means of high voltage discharges. The material is together with a process liquid introduced into a process area, in which two electrodes face each other at a distance, and is arranged therein in such a manner that the area between the two electrodes is filled with material and process liquid. Between the two electrodes high voltage discharges are generated for fragmenting or weakening, respectively, of the material. According to the invention, during the fragmenting or weakening, respectively, of the material, process liquid is discharged from the process area and process liquid is fed into the process area. The process liquid which is fed has a lower electrical conductivity than the process liquid which is discharged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2011
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: selFrag AG
    Inventors: Helena Ahlqvist Jeanneret, Reinhard Muller-Siebert, Heiko Feitkenhauer, Alexander Weh, Fabrice Monti Di Sopra, Peter Hoppe, Josef Singer, Harald Giese, Klaus Leber
  • Publication number: 20150001322
    Abstract: A method for dispersing a filler having high agglomerating properties in a resin and a micro-dispersing mixer used in the method are provided. Further, a method for producing a sealing material that can avoid a defect caused by agglomerates of a filler (for example, carbon black) in an electronic material such as a semiconductor package, a masterbatch resin produced by the method, and a micro-dispersing mixer used in the method are provided. When a filler is dispersed in a molten resin composition to produce a filler-dispersed molten resin composition, a resin composition containing filler aggregates and a molten resin composition is preliminarily mixed by a mixing means, and, thereafter, the preliminarily mixed mixture is allowed to pass through the micro-dispersing mixer with a fine flow path to disperse the filler in a filler resin composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Masaki Sato
  • Patent number: 8920639
    Abstract: The invention provides a combustion process using comminuted fuel solids from a steam-driven shear field, with controlled water content and optionally coated with a combustion catalyst. The method allows fuel solids to burn for energy production at low temperatures. The lower temperatures avoid emissions of nitrogen oxides, and the process also yields a clean, friable ash that has economic value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Hydrocoal Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: David Walker Taylor
  • Patent number: 8893992
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a fuel preparation system. The feedstock preparation system includes an acoustic chamber configured to receive a fuel and at least one acoustic wave generator configured to generate acoustic waves to at least partially break up the fuel in the acoustic chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Charles Martin Mitchell, Fredric S. Russ, Chris J. Villa, Steven Craig Russell
  • Publication number: 20140326809
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for disintegrating a recyclable item in a material-selective manner and using the electrohydraulic effect, an electric discharge being generated, in a container filled with a liquid, using a pulsed current source and within an underwater spark gab between a container base-side electrode and at least one container cover-side electrode that points towards the first electrode, with electric discharge having an average field strength of less than or equal to 5 kV/mm and a pulse or discharge energy of greater than 10 J, and being generated at least substantially in the liquid. In the container, the recyclable item lies partially in the underwater spark gab on the container base-side.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Applicant: ADENSIS GMBH
    Inventors: Tim Müller, Leonid Gelfond, Stefan Eisert
  • Patent number: 8876027
    Abstract: Described and claimed herein is a method of producing enhanced combustion ash for use in pozzolanic applications or cement clinker manufacture. The method employs a primary process in which wet or dry feedstock is pulverized with sonication using one or more grinding media having a maximum component size of about 2 mm. Alternatively, the media may have a true grinding medium volume to chamber volume ratio of at least 0.29. Also disclosed an claimed is an enhanced combustion ash produced by the method, whereby the enhanced combustion ash has one or more qualities that make it particularly suitable in pozzolanic applications or cement clinker manufacture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Sonoash LLC
    Inventors: Klaus Oehr, Rod McElroy, Michael Kiktavy
  • Patent number: 8840051
    Abstract: A method of reducing the size of material, such as rocks of mined ore, is disclosed. The method comprises comminuting and electro-fracturing rocks of the material and thereby reducing the rock size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Technological Resources Pty. Limited
    Inventors: Christopher Geoffrey Goodes, Grant Ashley Wellwood
  • Patent number: 8789772
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a method and apparatus for breaking mineral particles comprising suspending the particles in a liquid flowing in a conduction path, the liquid comprising a dielectric constant higher than the particles and wherein an electric voltage pulse is sent to electrodes to pass an electric field in the mineral particles with sufficient stress to fracture the mineral particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: SDG, LLC
    Inventor: William M. Moeny
  • Patent number: 8746598
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for reusing materials and/or products according to which, in a first step, a series of electrical discharges are generated between at least two electrodes in a reactor containing an ambient liquid as well as the materials and/or products to be reused, in which the series of said electric discharges produces, due to the energy, the frequency of the electric discharges as well as the voltage between the electrodes and the switching time, a mechanical shock wave which propagates across the materials and/or products to be treated in the reactor, characterized in that after a first step of embrittlement by the mechanical shock wave thus produced, the products and/or materials are exposed to a series of electric discharges in which the energy, the voltage between the electrodes that generate said discharges, the switching time and the frequency of the discharges are selected so that said discharges perform selective fragmentation of the material by the effect of an electromagnetic
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Camille Campagnie d'Assistance Miniere et Industrielle
    Inventors: Abdelaziz Bentaj, Nadir Ouayahya, Jean Louis Clement, Jean Pierre Tutusaus
  • Patent number: 8734682
    Abstract: The invention provides a process that comminutes fuel solids in a steam-driven shear field, with controlled water content and optionally a catalyst, with gasification of the free-standing or slurry particulate outputs. Unlike conventional gasification methods the invention requires no dioxygen to be present, and produces dry friable ash that has significant marketable value as a material in its own right.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventor: David Walker Taylor
  • Patent number: 8702836
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of forming solid particles from a sample, which includes the step of exposing the sample to a focused acoustic field having an acoustic wave variable, until the solid particles achieve a desired state of particularization. The acoustic wave variable may be selected based, at least in part, on the desired state of particularization. The sample may be exposed to the focused acoustic field through a medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Covaris, Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Laugharn, Jr., Edwin Rudd
  • Patent number: 8673436
    Abstract: The present invention relates to nanostructured material capable of storing hydrogen. The nanostructured material may be configured with a selected geometry to provide the capability to influence and increase the limiting or theoretical gravimetric storage level (GSL) of hydrogen for a given chemical composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Southwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Michael A. Miller, Kent Edward Coulter, James H. Arps
  • Publication number: 20140070033
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a method of breaking down biological material is provided. The method may include providing a sample comprising the biological material in a liquid. The method may further include providing a gas such that the gas forms an interface with the liquid. The method may also include breaking down the biological material by applying acoustic waves in a plurality of sequential bursts to the interface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicants: Nanyang Technological University, Agency for Science, Technology and Research
    Inventors: Tandiono Tandiono, Claus-Dieter Ohl, Siak-Wei Dave Ow, Siew-Wan Ohl, Evert Klaseboer
  • Publication number: 20140042146
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electrode arrangement for an electrodynamic fragmentation plant having a passage opening (1) for fragmentation material (3) and having several electrode pairs (4a, 5a; 4a, 5b; 4b, 5c; 4b, 5d; 4c, 5e; 4c, 5f; 4d, 5g; 4d, 5h) by means of which, by charging the electrodes (4a-4d, 5a-5h) thereof with high-voltage pulses, in each case high-voltage discharges can be generated within the passage opening (1), for fragmentation of the fragmentation material (3). The passage opening (1) is formed in such a way and the electrodes (4a-4d, 5a-5h) of the electrode pairs are arranged therein in such a way that for each electrode pair (4a, 5a; 4a, 5b; 4b, 5c; 4b, 5d; 4c, 5e; 4c, 5f; 4d, 5g; 4d, 5h) in the area of a shortest connecting line (L) between the electrodes of the respective electrode pair, a ball (K) can pass through the passage opening (1), the diameter of which is bigger than the length of this respective shortest connecting line (L).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: Selfrag AG
    Inventors: Reinhard Muller-Siebert, Fabrice Monti Di Sopra, Bernhard Hasler, Harald Giese
  • Publication number: 20140034760
    Abstract: Provided is a method of producing hydroxyalkylcellulose microparticles, the method including generating a pulse shock wave, and supplying a hydroxyalkylcellulose aqueous solution to the pulse shock wave generation region, thereby crushing and drying the hydroxyalkylcellulose aqueous solution. According to the production method, hydroxyalkylcellulose microparticles having a volume-average particle size of at least 0.1 ?m but less than 15 ?m are obtained. By mixing the hydroxyalkylcellulose microparticles with a principal agent and subjecting the resulting mixture to a tablet compression, a solid preparation having excellent tensile strength and disintegration properties can be obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON SODA CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hirofumi TAKEUCHI, Satoru ABE, Takeshi SHIMOTORI, Gentaro NEMOTO
  • Publication number: 20130313343
    Abstract: A system and process for separating plastic material from aggregate material. The system and process may utilize airflow through a venturi to dry the plastic and aggregate materials. The plastic particles may then be electrically charged and collected by a grounded drum. In some instances, the separated plastic may then be further processed, for example to produce energy sources.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Inventor: Levi New
  • Publication number: 20130305879
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods and devices for breaking up ore. The methods and devices are characterised in particular in that ore mineral or ore minerals can be subsequently easily extracted. For this purpose coherent NIR radiation, non-coherent NIR radiation, at least one electric alternating field having a frequency greater than 300 GHz, at least one magnetic alternating field having a frequency greater than 300 GHz, at least one electromagnetic alternating field having a frequency greater than 300 GHz, or a combination thereof are respectively applied to the ore at least once by means of a device for generating the radiation, the at least one alternating field, or the radiation and the at least one alternating field, wherein ore mineral, ore minerals, absorbent components, or ore minerals and absorbent components of the ore absorb(s) energy from the radiation, the alternating field, or the radiation and the alternating field and said energy is not or is only slightly absorbed by the lode matter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: HOCHSCHULE MITTWEIDA (FH)
    Inventors: Peter Regenfuss, Andre Streek
  • Patent number: 8573518
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for breaking down biological material, especially for obtaining biomolecules by ultrasound, the biological material being arranged, in a container together with a liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: QIAGEN, GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Rothmann, Claudia Schmid, Andreas Schafer, Gabriele Christoffel
  • Publication number: 20130277464
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to a fuel preparation system. The feedstock preparation system includes an acoustic chamber configured to receive a fuel and at least one acoustic wave generator configured to generate acoustic waves to at least partially break up the fuel in the acoustic chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Charles Martin Mitchell, Fredric S. Russ, Chris J. Villa, Steven Craig Russell
  • Patent number: 8561927
    Abstract: A pneumatic continuous impact pulverizer includes an outer tube, an inner tube located in the outer tube, an air intake material feeding port located at a front end of the outer tube, an air pump located at the air intake material feeding port, and a plurality of impact tubes. The impact tubes respectively run through the tubular wall of the inner tube, and each has an airflow passage which includes a bell-shaped opening communicating with the outer tube, a middle branch opening located at one side of the airflow passage close to the air intake material feeding port and communicating with the inner tube, and an outlet communicating with the inner tube. High pressure gas and powders enter through the air intake material feeding port. The high pressure gas carries the powders to pass through the impact tubes where the powders collide with each other to become nano powders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Diamond Polymer Science Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chih-Lien Ko
  • Patent number: 8540173
    Abstract: A method of forming nanometer sized fine particles of functional ceramic from a bulk functional ceramic, particularly fine particles of phosphorous ceramics from a bulk phosphor material is disclosed. The method relies on irradiation of a bulk phosphorous ceramic in a liquid with an ultrashort-pulsed-laser-fragmentation beam to thereby form nanometer sized particles of the phosphorous ceramic. The method is unique in that the generated particles retain the chemical and crystalline properties of the bulk phosphorous ceramic. The generated solutions are stable colloids from which the particles can be isolated or used as is.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuki Ichikawa, Zhengong Hu, Bing Liu, Yong Che
  • Publication number: 20130220182
    Abstract: The invention solves the problem of obtainment of binding agent for mass of shape constriction elements, consisting of the fact, that preferably calcium sulfate, preferably calcium oxide, preferably zinc oxide, are initially mixed in mechanical mixer, and after thorough mixing, the obtained dry mass shall be subjected to the effects of ultrasonic stationary wave. The binding agent for mass for production of shaped construction elements, in accordance with the invention, consists of 65-86% of weight, preferably of calcium sulfate, 15-35% of weight, preferably of calcium oxide and 0.1-0.7% of weight, preferably of zinc oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: HCH SPOLKA Z O.O.
    Inventors: Andrzej Haintze, Jerzy Haintze
  • Patent number: 8485456
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for manufacturing a submicron polymer powder from solid polymer bodies or coarse particles, preferably of polytetrafluoroethylene powder, wherein powder is ground into fibrous particles in the first stage and is disintegrated into submicron particles by aerodynamic treatment in the second stage, where a gas-particle mixture is subject to the effect of centrifugal forces and suction forces acting in the direction opposite to the centrifugal forces, a pulsating sign-alternating temperature field generated by a pulsed supply of liquid nitrogen, turbulent forces of vortexes, and aerodynamic forces that cause alternating compression and expansion of the gas-particle mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignees: Nanotech Industries, Inc., Polymate, Ltd.
    Inventors: Igor Gryaznov, Stanislav Gryaznov, Ann Gryaznova, Oleg Figovsky
  • Publication number: 20130153691
    Abstract: Methods and devices for dispersion of clusters of somatic plant embryos suspended in a liquid are disclosed. The methods comprise i) subjecting the clusters of embryos to fluid dynamics forces causing axially extensional strain and radially compressional strain and ii) subjecting the clusters of embryos to fluid dynamics forces causing axially compressional strain and radially extensional strain fluid dynamics and iii) repeating said steps in sequence until the individual embryos are separated from each other. The devices may comprise a flow channel including at least one constriction, such that clusters of embryos flowing through the flow channel are first subjected to axially extensional strain and radially compressional strain, and then to axially compressional strain and radially extensional strain from fluid dynamics forces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventor: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
  • Patent number: 8448884
    Abstract: A system and process for separating eggshell membranes from eggshells. The system and process may utilize airflow through a venturi to pulverize the eggshell and thereby separate the eggshell from the membrane. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the process may also extract moisture from the membrane and eggshell. The system may further be configured to collect the pulverized eggshell particles separately from the membrane material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Taprogge Gesellschaft mit beschraenkter Haftung
    Inventor: Levi New
  • Patent number: 8434703
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for comminution of ore material includes a radio frequency multi-input, multimode processing resonant cavity arranged for radio frequency electromagnetic irradiation of a stream of ore material passing therethrough. A multi-input measurement resonant cavity, located upstream of the processing resonant cavity may be provided to determine an impedance of ore material to be irradiated in the processing resonant cavity. The radio frequency electrical field generated in the processing resonant cavity is matched to the determined impedance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: E2V Technologies (UK) Limited
    Inventor: Jan S. Przybyla