Inorganic Reactants Only Patents (Class 252/183.14)
  • Publication number: 20150090937
    Abstract: Disclosed is a photocatalyst, and methods for its use, that includes a photoactive material comprising a photonic band gap and an electronic band gap, wherein the photonic band gap at least partially overlaps with the electronic band gap, and an electrically conductive material deposited on the photoactive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Hicham IDRISS, Ahmed Khaja WAHAB, Maher AL-OUFI, Geoff WATERHOUSE
  • Publication number: 20140374104
    Abstract: A method for reducing sulfide in oilfield waste water includes contacting oilfield waste water with an oxidizer in the presence of an iron catalyst. The oilfield waste water includes sulfide that is oxidized to sulfate while avoiding formation of a colloidal or bulk sulfur precipitate. A method for recycling oilfield waste water includes contacting oilfield waste water with an oxidizer in the presence of an iron catalyst, the oilfield waste water comprising sulfide; oxidizing the sulfide to sulfate; avoiding formation of a colloidal sulfur precipitate, a bulk sulfur precipitate, or a combination comprising at least one of the foregoing; clarifying the oilfield waste water by contacting the oilfield waste water with a flocculant to form an aggregate precipitate; separating the aggregate precipitate from the oilfield waste water to form a recycled water; combining an additive with the recycled water; and disposing the recycled water in a downhole environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Kushal Seth
  • Publication number: 20140305369
    Abstract: It is provided a method of producing a crystal of a nitride of a group 13 element in a melt by flux method. The melt is generated by heating a composition including a material for the group 13 element, a material for at least one of an alkali metal and an alkaline earth metal and a liquid material for germanium. Upon producing a crystal of a nitride of a group 13 element in a melt by flux method, it is thereby possible to reduce in-plane distribution of a property such as carrier density of the thus obtained crystal of a nitride of a group 13 element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: NGK INSULATORS, LTD.
    Inventors: Masahiro Sakai, Makoto Iwai
  • Patent number: 8834830
    Abstract: A method for completely reducing an inorganic halide to obtain a non-halogen inorganic substance and/or hydride thereof and preferably anhydrous hydrogen halide fluid using inorganic halide substances, such as sulfur hexafluoride, nitrogen trifluoride, tungsten hexafluoride, uranium hexafluoride and others by reduction with a reducing agent at a proper temperature. The reducing agents may be molecular hydrogen, inorganic hydrides and inorganic metallic elements; molecular hydrogen is preferable, but in certain instances the inorganic hydrides are used, as well as inorganic metallic elements such as calcium and magnesium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Midwest Inorganics LLC
    Inventor: Gregorio Tarancon, III
  • Publication number: 20140206921
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and methods that are effective in the remediation of contaminants found in natural sources such as groundwater, surface water, soil and manufactured products. The disclosed compositions and methods provide a method for remediating chlorinated polyaromatic compounds by treating them under pressure and heat with concentrated acids and chloride salts. After decomposition has occurred, the resulting acid that is produced is made dermal and non-corrosive. The compositions and methods claimed herein make the product safe to be in contact with humans and animal tissue without causing injury.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: NBIP, LLC
    Inventors: Burt R. Sookram, John W. Veenstra
  • Publication number: 20140070138
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage composite and a method of forming the same are provided. The hydrogen storage composite includes a catalyst mixed with a hydrogen storage base material and a transition metal for catalyzing hydrogen desorption embedded on the surfaces of the hydrogen storage base material and the catalyst. The method includes providing at least one active metal and performing a lengthy time ball mill process to form a catalyst, providing a hydrogen storage base material to mix with the catalyst and performing a lengthy time ball mill process to form a hydrogen storage alloy material, and providing a transition metal for catalyzing hydrogen desorption to mix with the hydrogen storage alloy material and performing a shortened time ball mill process to form a hydrogen storage composite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Chun-Ju HUANG, Chia-Hung KUO, Chien-Yun HUANG
  • Publication number: 20140050653
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a fluorine-containing complex salt, characterized by that, on a reaction mother liquor containing a plurality of cation species and a fluoroanion in a state that they have been dissolved in a solvent, a trigger for accelerating decomposition of the fluoroanion is allowed to act, thereby precipitating a complex salt containing a plurality of cation species and fluorine, as a solid, from the reaction mother liquor. According to this process, it is possible to produce a monodispersed fluorine-containing complex salt with uniform particle size and shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventor: Tetsuya Tamura
  • Patent number: 8646443
    Abstract: An electrochemically reacting composition which can be utilized as a source of heat as well as hydrogen, comprising the active materials aluminum, magnesium and iron, a filler material such as a silica sand, a hydrogen scavenger such as potassium permanganate, additives such as sodium silicate and an electrolyte such as sodium chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: The Additional Director (IPR), Defence Research & Development Organisation
    Inventors: Pramil C. Deb, Arun Kumar Shah, Daya Lama
  • Publication number: 20130330270
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a method of using hydrogen includes forming a crystalline solid mixture of a metal halide M2(HL)y with a metal borohydride M1(BH4)x; and forming an amorphous liquid mixture from the crystalline solid mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Applicant: FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Jun Yang, Andrew Robert Drews, Andrea Pulskamp
  • Publication number: 20130211158
    Abstract: Activated carbon materials and methods of producing and using activated carbon materials are provided. In particular, biomass-derived activated carbon materials and processes of producing the activated carbon materials with prespecified surface areas and pore size distributions are provided. Activated carbon materials with preselected high specific surface areas, porosities, sub-nm (<1 nm) pore volumes, and supra-nm (1-5 nm) pore volumes may be achieved by controlling the degree of carbon consumption and metallic potassium intercalation into the carbon lattice during the activation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: The Curators of the University of Missouri
    Inventor: The Curators of the University of Missouri
  • Publication number: 20130190542
    Abstract: Activated carbon materials and methods of producing and using activated carbon materials are provided. In particular, biomass-derived activated carbon materials and processes of producing the activated carbon materials with prespecified surface areas and pore size distributions are provided. Activated carbon materials with preselected high specific surface areas, porosities, sub-nm (<1 nm) pore volumes, and supra-nm (1-5 nm) pore volumes may be achieved by controlling the degree of carbon consumption and metallic potassium intercalation into the carbon lattice during the activation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: The Curators of the University of Missouri
    Inventor: The Curators of the University of Missouri
  • Publication number: 20130168600
    Abstract: Disclosed are mixed metal oxidized hydroxide precursors that can be used for the preparation of lithium mixed metal oxide cathode materials for secondary lithium ion batteries and methods of making such mixed metal precursors. The precursors typically are particles of nickel, cobalt, and manganese mixed metal oxidized hydroxides with varying metal molar ratios prepared in co-precipitation reactions in two sequential reactors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: OMG KOKKOLA CHEMICALS OY
    Inventors: Janne Niittykoski, Marten Eriksson
  • Patent number: 8460575
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a solid, porous material, suitable for generating nitrogen gas, said material having a porosity of 20 to 75 vol. %, and a composition comprising, based on the weight of the material of 60 to 90 wt. % of sodium azide, 0.1 to 20 wt. % of an inert chemical coolant based on at least one inorganic salt having a heat capacity of at least 1400 J/K/kg, 0.1 to 20 wt. % of modifying agent selected from metal oxides and metal carbonates, and a binder, selected from the group consisting of at least one alkali metal silicate, preferably waterglass, or a poly-tetrazole, in an amount of between 3 and 15 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk onderzoek TNO
    Inventor: Laurens Daniël van Vliet
  • Publication number: 20130122303
    Abstract: The present application relates to a method for preparing stoichiometrically pure maghemite iron superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The method for preparing maghemite (?-Fe2O3) superparamagnetic nanoparticles disclosed in the present application is characterized by a step of reduction and appropriate steps of oxidation of the Fe-based composition obtained by the same. The maghemite nanoparticles obtained show a suitable size as well as binding properties without any surface modification. These nanoparticles can be therefore easily used as reagents for detection of inorganic and/or organic molecules as well as nanocarriers of organic and/or biomolecules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Applicants: Universita' Degli Studi di Padova
    Inventors: Umberto Russo, Luca Nodari, Fabio Vianello, Massimiliano Magro, Giorgio Valle
  • Publication number: 20120322648
    Abstract: A visible light sensitive photocatalyst including a compound represented by Formula 1: Aa-xM1xSib-yM2yOc??Formula 1 wherein A is one or more metals selected from Ag, Cu, and Au; M1 is one or more metals selected from Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs; M2 is one or more metals selected from Ge, Sn, Ti, Zr, and Hf, and 1.7?a?2.3, 0.7?b?1.3, 2.7?c?3.3, 0?x<a, and 0?y<b.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tae-gon KIM, Tae-hyung KIM, Seoung-jae IM
  • Publication number: 20120244228
    Abstract: According to one aspect of the invention, a method of converting an oxy halide salt into a halide dioxide in a reaction zone under certain conditions is provided. More specifically, the method includes generating chlorine dioxide from a stable composition comprising an oxy halide salt by introducing said composition to a reducing agent and minimum temperature within the reaction zone. According to another aspect of the invention, a composition for a stable chlorine dioxide precursor comprising an oxy halide salt is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Applicant: SABRE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY HOLDINGS LLC
    Inventor: John Y. MASON
  • Publication number: 20120230905
    Abstract: The present invention relates to processes for industrial pyrolysis of a carbohydrate or carbohydrate mixture with addition of amorphous carbon, to a pyrolysis product thus obtainable and to the use thereof, especially as a reducing agent in the production of silicon from silica and carbon at high temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2010
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: EVONIK DEGUSSA GMBH
    Inventors: Alfons Karl, Jürgen Erwin Lang, Hartwig Rauleder, Bodo Frings
  • Publication number: 20120214106
    Abstract: A chemical looping combustion process for producing heat or steam or both from a hydrocarbon fuel. A metal oxide oxygen carrier is reduced from an initial oxidation state in a first reduction reaction with a hydrocarbon fuel to provide CO2, H2O, heat, and a reduced metal or metal oxide having a first reduced state, the first reduced state lower than the initial oxidation state, and then the reduced metal or metal oxide from the first reduced state is further reduced in a second reduction reaction with additional hydrocarbon fuel to provide CO2, H2O, heat, and a further reduced metal or metal oxide having a second reduced state, the second reduced state lower than the first reduced state. The further reduced metal or metal oxide is oxidized, substantially back to the initial oxidation state with air to produce N2, O2, and heat.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Inventors: SONG SIT, Wei-Ping Pan, Yan Cao
  • Publication number: 20120187337
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to methods and rare earth-containing additives for removing inorganic and organic phosphorus-containing target materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2012
    Publication date: July 26, 2012
    Applicant: MOLYCORP MINERALS, LLC
    Inventors: Carl Hassler, John Burba, Robert Cable
  • Publication number: 20120061454
    Abstract: An exothermic reaction mixture for joining metallic components includes at least one transition metal oxide and, as fuel, a mixture of aluminium and calcium suicide, wherein the molar ratio of aluminium to calcium suicide is from 16:1 to 0.25:1. Methods of preparing the exothermic reaction mixtures and for using them in welding applications are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2009
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: TUBEFUSE APPLICATIONS B.V.
    Inventors: Wayne Rudd, Allison Rudd, Diane Hopper, Hu Chun Yi
  • Patent number: 8101144
    Abstract: A wet scrubber for absorbing elemental heavy metal from a gas stream, a liquor for a wet scrubber, and a power-plant comprising a wet scrubber are described. The wet scrubber includes a vessel having a gas inlet and outlet. In the vessel is a liquor including a oxidizer capable of oxidizing the elemental heavy metal and an ionic liquid. The liquor is substantially free of any ligand capable of bonding an ion of the heavy metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Yissum Research Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoel Sasson, Mandan Chidambaram, Zach Barnea
  • Publication number: 20110212313
    Abstract: Metal nanoparticles are assembled in interrupted metal strands or other structures of characteristic dimensions and orientation to generate a giant dielectric response through a modified GE effect. Careful selection and modification of the host material and synthesis also leads to low dielectric breakdown voltages. In addition, the high dielectric composite material is employed in material configurations that are more scalable for industrial and consumer applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2010
    Publication date: September 1, 2011
    Applicant: EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LLC
    Inventor: Sung-Wei CHEN
  • Publication number: 20110193018
    Abstract: A rotary bottom ash regenerating (RBAR) system [100] comprises a cylindrical body that receives ash [17] containing reactant particles [10] that are partially reacted limestone compounds having unreacted cores [13] from a furnace. Sensors [140] sense physical parameters within the cylindrical body [110]. A controller [170] receives the output of the sensors [140] and information indicating the amount of unreacted core [13] and causes a fluid actuator [135] to spray a proper amount of regeneration fluid regulator [135] from a plurality of spray nozzles [131] to different locations within the cylindrical body [110] to regulate the temperature and to cause the reactant particles [10] to have a require content of regeneration fluid. This causes the reactant particles [10] to be regenerated and reused. This results in a lower limestone costs and less overheating of ash handling systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD
    Inventor: Iqbal F. Abdulally
  • Patent number: 7964015
    Abstract: An improved process and composition for the extraction of metal from a metal-laden ore, soil or rock is provided. A liquid, three-component aqueous lixiviant comprises water, an alkali metal salt and a low pH acidic composition. A four-component aqueous lixiviant comprises water, a low pH acidic composition, an alkali metal salt and an acid having a pH value less than 2. Both lixiviant compositions are efficient for extracting metal into a pregnant liquid solution. The pregnant solution is treated by known conventional means, such as filtration, centrifuging or electrolysis to remove the extracted metals. The three-component and four-component aqueous lixiviants of the present invention are non-toxic, meaning, not an irritant or deleterious to humans or the environment and perform, as well as, or better than known toxic cyanide lixiviants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Contact Marketing Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: David H. Creasey, Edwin B. Smith, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7947241
    Abstract: The present application relates to the use of a solution for the treatment of exhaust gases at the outlet of on-board or stationary diesel engines. It also relates to its use in any device for the treatment of these exhaust gases, regardless of whether the engines are engines of heavy goods vehicles or engines for light vehicles or also engines for stationary industrial engine applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: Total Raffinage Marketing
    Inventors: Pierre Schmelzle, Leire Oro-Urrea, Stéphanie Escoffier, Françoise Douce
  • Patent number: 7867722
    Abstract: A pretreatment agent for a sample to be subjected to Limulus assay comprising an alkali metal sulfate and/or an alkaline earth metal sulfate wherein the sulfate(s) has a final concentration of 20 mM or more when the sulfate(s) is allowed to contact with the sample, or an alkali metal halide and/or an alkaline earth metal halide wherein the halide(s) has a final concentration of from 0.4 M to 1.2 M or less when the halide(s) is allowed to contact with the sample, or a kit for Limulus assay reagent comprising thereof as a composing article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Seikagaku Corporation
    Inventors: Toshio Oda, Jun Aketagawa
  • Publication number: 20100233076
    Abstract: According to at least one aspect of the present invention, a hydrogen storage material is provided. In at least one embodiment, the material comprises a borohydride compound of the formula M(BH4)n, wherein M includes Ca and n is an integer of 2 to 6; and a destabilizing agent selected from the group consisting of Cr, ScH2, and combinations thereof. In at least another embodiment, the material comprises a metal borohydride M(BH4)n, wherein M includes Li and n is an integer of 1 to 5, and a destabilizing agent of Cr.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2009
    Publication date: September 16, 2010
    Applicants: FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Donald J. Siegel, Christopher Mark Wolverton, Vidvuds Ozolins, Andrea Sudik, Jun Yang
  • Patent number: 7776294
    Abstract: An improved method of controlling air pollution, a combustion gas is passed through a solution of an alkaline-earth metal sulfide and a redox buffer (e.g., a mono alkaline-earth metal phosphate salt), preferably but not essentially in combination with an alkaline-earth metal carbonate FGD system. The reagents are provided in a fully soluble form enabling low cost application and retrofitting of existing facilities whilst also including alkaline-earth bases salts, which advantageously afford stability to the process product. The reagents co-precipitate when the solution achieves a pH of 4.5 to 6.5 such as is encountered in the acidic environment in conduits that carry combustion flue gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Cylenchar Limited
    Inventor: Peter J. Hurley
  • Publication number: 20100173225
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and methods for producing hydrogen from water involving reacting metal particles with water in the presence of an effective amount of activator. In particular the invention pertains to compositions and methods for producing hydrogen upon reaction of metal particles selected from the group consisting of aluminum (Al), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), silicon (Si), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) with water, in the presence of an effective amount of an activator catalyst, wherein the activator is selected from the group consisting of: alkali metals, earth alkali metals, hydrides of alkali metals, hydrides of earth alkali metals, hydroxides of alkali metals, and hydroxides of earth alkali metals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2009
    Publication date: July 8, 2010
    Applicant: TECHNION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION LTD.
    Inventors: Valery ROSENBAND, Alon GANY
  • Patent number: 7749484
    Abstract: A material mixture is disclosed for storage of hydrogen for a hydrogen-using device and release of hydrogen on demand of the hydrogen-using device, especially by heating of the mixture. Such a mixture suitably comprises a solid hydrogen-containing lithium compound (e.g. LiBH4) and a solid magnesium compound, MgX, the magnesium compound being reactive with the lithium compound to release hydrogen and yield solid by products containing lithium and X. X may include one or more of F, Cl, OH, O, S, Se, Si, CO3, SO4, Cu, Ge, Ni, (OH)Cl, and P2O7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Vajo, Gregory L. Olson
  • Publication number: 20100168494
    Abstract: Processes are provided for preparing a substantially free-flowing alkali metal gasification catalyst-loaded coal particulate suitable for use as a feedstock for the production of gaseous products, and in particular methane, via the catalytic gasification of the catalyst-loaded coal particulate in the presence of steam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: GREATPOINT ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Alkis S. Rappas, Robert A. Spitz, George Frederick Salem
  • Patent number: 7691289
    Abstract: Compositions, materials incorporating the compositions, and methods of use thereof, are disclosed. In one embodiment, the composition includes a metal nitrate selected from d-block metal nitrates and f-block metal nitrates and a metal salt having weakly bound counter anions. The metal of the metal salt having weakly bound counter anions is selected from a d-block metal and an f-block metal. Another embodiment of the composition includes a first polyoxometalate having a first metal selected from a d-block metal and an f-block metal and a second polyoxometalate having a second metal selected from a d-block metal and an f-block metal. The first metal being an open coordinate site of the first polyoxometalate. In addition, the first metal has a nitrate terminal ligand. The second metal being an open coordinate site of the second polyoxometalate. In addition, the second metal has a halide terminal ligand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2010
    Assignee: Emory University
    Inventors: Nelya Okun, Craig L. Hill
  • Patent number: 7648643
    Abstract: A process and composition of matter for the recovery of metal from a metal-laden ore, soil or rock is provided. A liquid, non-toxic, low pH acidic composition is used as a chelating agent that extracts the metal into a pregnant liquid solution. The pregnant solution is treated by known conventional means, such as filtration, centrifuging, or electrolysis to remove the extracted metals. The low pH, acidic composition (LpHAC) does not have any known toxicity to man or the environment and performs as an ideal fluidized reaction metal extractant. As a metal extracting agent, it effectively and efficiently extracts gold and other metals from ore laden soil or rock with no environmental and negative health impact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: Phitex, L.L.L.P.
    Inventor: David H Creasey
  • Patent number: 7632483
    Abstract: The invention concerns a hydrogen generating system, characterized in that it combines a water-corrodible metal, an inorganic material, said material having a specific surface capable of fixing the oxide and/or hydroxide form(s) of said metals generated during corrosion. The invention also concerns a method for generating hydrogen and its uses, in particular in a hydrodehalogenation process of halogenated organic compounds present in aqueous media to be purified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Philippe Marion, Cécile Rosier
  • Publication number: 20090199679
    Abstract: A carbothermic process for producing an aluminium carbide containing mass by injecting carbon and alumina into molten aluminium superheated above 1400° C. The carbon reacts with molten aluminium to produce an aluminium carbide and alumina mass. The mass can be heated in the range of 1700° C. to 2000° C. to produce aluminium metal and carbon monoxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2006
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventor: Yaghoub Sayad-Yaghoubi
  • Patent number: 7566440
    Abstract: The present invention provides metal oxide catalysts and preparation method thereof, and its application for hydrogen generation from a metal borohydride solution. More particularly, provided are an activation method of a newly prepared catalyst and a regeneration method of a deactivated metal oxide catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2009
    Assignee: Samsung Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Myong Hoon Lim, Tae Hee Park, Jae Hoi Gu, Yongho Yu
  • Publication number: 20090121183
    Abstract: Elongate phosphorus nanostructures, and methods of making them comprising the steps of forcing a phosphorus vapour and contacting said vapour with a metal catalyst under an inert atmosphere or under vacuum, at a suitable temperature are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2006
    Publication date: May 14, 2009
    Inventor: Max Whitby
  • Patent number: 7524472
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods, apparatus, and compositions for removing mercury gas from coal combustion emissions and the like. Disclosed herein is a gettering composition comprising an activated montmorillonite clay, a method for removing mercury from a gas stream using the gettering composition, and an apparatus for removing mercury from a gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2009
    Assignee: California Earth Minerals, Corp.
    Inventor: Raymond Kong
  • Patent number: 7465410
    Abstract: A reactor for an in-situ production of a chemical product in high yield are presented. The reactor, which may be placed in a main solvent, includes a core and a reactor wall around the core. The reactor wall allows controlled permeation of the main solvent to the core. The core contains a reactant that reacts to produce a target product upon being contacted by a main solvent. The target product leaves the reactor at a controlled rate. Because the amount of the main solvent that permeates into the reactor is controlled, a high concentration of the reactant is maintained inside the reactor, resulting in a higher yield of the desired chemical product than if the reactants were directly added to the body of main solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Assignee: Truox, Inc.
    Inventors: Perry L. Martin, Roy W. Martin
  • Patent number: 7465411
    Abstract: A composition capable of expedited in-situ generation of dioxirane and a method of preparing the composition are presented. The composition includes a transition metal catalyst, peracid donor, and carbonyl donor, and forms an effective multi-purpose oxidizing (e.g., bleaching) solution. Methods of using the bleaching solutions and their application are also presented. The composition provides a cost-effective means of producing a dioxirane-based multi-purpose bleaching solution for use on laundries, carpets, hard surfaces, bathroom surfaces, floors and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Assignee: Truox, Inc.
    Inventor: Roy W. Martin
  • Publication number: 20080260632
    Abstract: A method and compositions for producing hydrogen by water split reaction, at near neutral pH conditions and without requiring preheating of the reactant materials. Metallic aluminum in particulate form is blended particulate with a water-soluble inorganic salt that causes progressive pitting of the aluminum to prevent passivation and a particulate metal oxide initiator that raises the temperature of the reactant material upon exposure to water to a level which initiates reaction of water with the metallic aluminum to generate hydrogen. The metal oxide initiator may be an oxide of a Group II metal, such as calcium oxide. The catalyst may be a water soluble inorganic salt having an aggressive anion, such as the halides, sulfites, sulfates and nitrates of Group I and Group II metals, with sodium chloride being preferred. The particles of metallic aluminum are discrete from but blended with those of the salt and oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Inventor: Jasbir Kaur Anand
  • Patent number: 7378037
    Abstract: To treat an organotin compound in a liquid at low cost. Addition of iron oxide into a liquid containing an organotin compound allows trapping of the organotin compound in the liquid by the iron oxide, and reduction of the organotin compound concentration in the liquid. Various iron oxides such as FeO, Fe2O3(iron sesquioxide), and Fe3O4 (iron oxide black) may be used, but iron oxide black is preferred. Such the method of treating a liquid may be applied to polluted seawater at a harbor to allow reduction of the organotin compound concentration in the seawater and purification of the harbor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2008
    Assignee: Miura Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhisa Honda, Tomofumi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7309479
    Abstract: The present invention provides unsupported and supported cobalt oxide catalysts and preparation method thereof, and its application for hydrogen generation from a metal borohydride solution. More particularly, provided are an activation method of a newly prepared catalyst and a regeneration method of a deactivated cobalt oxide catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: Samsung Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Myong Hoon Lim, Tae Hee Park, Jae Hoi Gu, Yongho Yu
  • Patent number: 7235187
    Abstract: Reaction mixtures that include exothermic generating particles having a water soluble coating encasing a portion of the particles, a volatile component and, optionally an aqueous solution, and a buffer. The reaction mixtures are especially suited to generate heat in a controllable manner. In one such controlled reaction, the reaction components are mixed together and the mixture increases in temperature to a Set Temperature within a predetermined time, and the mixture remains at the Set Temperature for a longer period of time. In this manner, volatile components can be controllably released to the surrounding environment. The volatile components can be, for example, a perfume, a fragrance, an insect repellent, a fumigant, a disinfectant, a bactericide, an insecticide, a pesticide, a germicide, an acaricide, a sterilizer, a deodorizer, a fogging agent and mixtures of these. Apparatuses and methods that use these reaction mixtures are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Yu-jun Li, Mark Hsiang-Kuen Mao, Haruo Tamura
  • Patent number: 7081211
    Abstract: Multi-layer reaction mixtures that includes exothermic generating particles having a water soluble coating encasing a portion of the particles, a volatile component and, optionally, a buffer, an aqueous solution or both. At least two layers of the reaction mixture contain exothermic generating particles and at least one layer of the reaction mixture contains a portion of the exothermic generating particles suspended in a gel that includes the water soluble coating. These multi-layer reaction mixtures are especially suited to generate heat in a controllable manner. In one such controlled reaction, the reaction components are mixed together and the reaction mixture increases in temperature to a Set Temperature within a predetermined time, and the mixture remains at the Set Temperature for a longer period of time. In this manner, volatile components can be controllably released to the surrounding environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2006
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Yu-jun Li, Mark Hsiang-Kuen Mao, Haruo Tamura, Hsin-Yuan Hu
  • Patent number: 7067069
    Abstract: A silane composition for preparing a semiconductor thin films of a solar cell is disclosed. The silane composition contains a polysilane compound represented by the formula SinRm (n is an integer of 3 or more, m is an integer of n to (2n+2) and an m number of R's are each independently a hydrogen atom, alkyl group, phenyl group or halogen atom, with the proviso that when all the m number of R's are hydrogen atoms and m=2n, n is an integer of 7 or more), and at least one silane compound selected from cyclopentasilane, cyclohexasilane and silylcyclopentasilane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: JSR Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Shiho, Hitoshi Kato
  • Patent number: 6984689
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a rubber composition that is useful for the manufacture of tires, where the composition is based on a diene elastomer, a reinforcing inorganic filler, and a coupling system. The coupling system comprises a polysulfurized alkoxysilane (“PSAS”) coupling agent (inorganic filler/diene elastomer) associated with a 1,2-dihydropyridine and a guanidine derivative. The present invention is further directed to tires and semi-finished products for tires comprising a rubber composition according to the invention. The invention is also directed to a coupling system (inorganic filler/diene elastomer) for a rubber composition based on a diene elastomer reinforced by an inorganic filler, where the coupling system comprises a polysulfurized alkoxysilane (PSAS) coupling agent in association with a 1,2-dihydropyridine and a guanidine derivative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2006
    Assignee: Michelin Recherche et Technique S.A.
    Inventors: Christophe Penot, Vanessa Roy
  • Patent number: 6906235
    Abstract: Novel iron sulfides having excellent durability and excellent treating properties of heavy metals, processes for producing the iron sulfides, iron sulfide mixture, a heavy metal treating agent containing either of these novel iron sulfides as an effective component, and a method by which wastes containing various heavy metals are treated with the heavy metal treating agent are disclosed. The iron sulfide having a mackinawite structure which contains FeMxNySz wherein M represents an alkaline earth metal, N represents an alkali metal, and x, y and z, indicating the molar proportions of the respective elements, represent numbers satisfying 0.01<x?0.5, y?0.2 and 0.7?z?1.4, as an essential component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Tosoh Corporation
    Inventors: Hajime Funakoshi, Mitsuru Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6906214
    Abstract: The invention relates to a technique for preparing aromatic organozinc compounds and to a composition therefore. This composition constitutes a reactant that can be used to carry out the synthesis of organozinc compounds, and comprises a cobalt salt, a zinc salt, a polar aprotic solvent and elemental zinc in divided form, the elemental zinc being in solid form, the other elements being in a form dissolved in the solvent. Application to organic synthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Jacques Perichon, Corinne Gosmini, Hyacinthe Fillon
  • Patent number: RE41109
    Abstract: A composition of matter and the method of making that provides a low pH acidic composition that is useful for destroying microorganisms that are undesirable and useful for destroying or reducing melanomas on human skin. The composition and method include sulfuric acid combined with distilled water and ammonium sulfate under at least 15 psi pressure in a pressurized container, all of which is heated to approximately 800° F. or more for at least 3 hours. The final cooled mixture is stabilized with 10 percent of the original mixture. The resultant composition is useful for preserving food, such as fresh fish, and for skin treatment of melanoma and as bactericides, fungicides, or viricides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Phitex, L.L.L.P.
    Inventor: Barry W. Cummins