Absorptive, Or Bindive, And Chemically Yieldive (e.g., Ion Exchanger) Patents (Class 252/184)
  • Patent number: 10800732
    Abstract: Disclosed are a series of malonamide derivatives having a chemical structure(I), their synthesis, and evaluation of their bioactivities against bacterial cell, bacterial-infected C. elegans and mice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Inventors: Chung-Wai Shiau, Hao-Chieh Chiu
  • Patent number: 10745606
    Abstract: The present application discloses drilling fluid compositions, methods for making drilling fluids, and methods for drilling subterranean wells utilizing the drilling fluids. According to one embodiment, a drilling fluid composition may include an oil phase, an aqueous phase, and a rheology modifier. The rheology modifier may include a layered double hydroxide, such as Mg/Al-Myristate layered double hydroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Durham University, M-I Drilling Fluids UK Ltd
    Inventors: Musarrat Halima Mohammed, Andrew Whiting, Manohara Gudiyor Veerabhadrappa, Hugh Christopher Greenwell, John Adrian Hall, Gasan Selman Alabedi, Michael Hayward Hodder
  • Patent number: 10647903
    Abstract: The present application discloses drilling fluid compositions, methods for making drilling fluids, and methods for drilling subterranean wells utilizing the drilling fluids. According to one embodiment, a drilling fluid composition may include an oil phase, an aqueous phase, an emulsifier, and a rheology modifier. The emulsifier may include an amino amide, and the rheology modifier may include a layered double hydroxide, such as Mg/Al-Myristate layered double hydroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Durham University, M-I Drilling Fluids UK Ltd
    Inventors: Musarrat Halima Mohammed, Andrew Whiting, Mona Al Batal, Manohara Gudiyor Veerabhadrappa, Hugh Christopher Greenwell, John Adrian Hall, Gasan Selman Alabedi, Michael Hayward Hodder
  • Patent number: 10363544
    Abstract: It is an object to provide a particulate water-absorbing agent having a high fluid retention capacity under pressure and reduced moisture absorption blocking properties, and a method for producing the same. A particulate water-absorbing agent including a water-insoluble metal phosphate including an anion of a phosphoric acid compound and a divalent or trivalent metal cation, the water-insoluble metal phosphate having a crystallite size of less than 0.15 ?m, wherein the particulate water-absorbing agent has a fluid retention capacity under pressure of 2.06 kpa of 20 g/g or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Inventors: Taishi Kobayashi, Mariko Tamaki, Hiroyuki Ikeuchi
  • Patent number: 10279307
    Abstract: In one aspect, the invention provides a method for the capture of at least one acid gas in a composition, the release of said gas from said composition, and the subsequent regeneration of said composition for re-use, said method comprising performing, in order, the steps of: (a) capturing the at least one acid gas by contacting said at least one gas with a capture composition comprising at least one salt of a carboxylic acid and at least one water-miscible non-aqueous solvent; (b) releasing said at least one acid gas by adding at least one protic solvent or agent to said composition; and (c) regenerating the capture composition by partial or complete removal of said added protic solvent or agent from said composition. Optionally, said capture composition comprising at least one salt of a carboxylic acid and at least one water-miscible non-aqueous solvent additionally comprises water or another protic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: C-Capture Ltd.
    Inventors: Christopher Mark Rayner, Douglas Cahalane Barnes, Gergely Jakab, Caspar Schoolderman
  • Patent number: 10266915
    Abstract: A solid particulate composition useful in extracting a lithium salt from aqueous solutions, the composition comprising lithium, metal atoms, oxygen atoms, and at least one anionic species (X) selected from halide, nitrate, sulfate, carbonate and bicarbonate, all in a framework structure, wherein said metal atoms are selected from at least one of oxophilic main group metal and oxophilic transition metal atoms, provided that, if the metal atoms comprise aluminum atoms, then at least 10 mol % of said aluminum atoms are substituted with at least one metal atom selected from said at least one oxophilic main group and oxophilic transition metal atoms, other than aluminum, and wherein said lithium is present in said composition in an amount less than a saturated amount in order to permit extraction of lithium salt. Methods for extracting and recovering a lithium salt from an aqueous solution by use of the above-described composition are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignees: UT-Battelle, LLC, Alger Alternative Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Mariappan Parans Paranthaman, Ramesh R. Bhave, Bruce A. Moyer, Stephen Harrison
  • Patent number: 10170251
    Abstract: A combined hydrothermal and activation process that uses hemp bast fiber as the precursor to achieve graphene-like carbon nanosheets, a carbon nanosheet including carbonized crystalline cellulose, a carbon nanosheet formed by carbonizing crystalline cellulose, a capacitative structure includes interconnected carbon nanosheets of carbonized crystalline cellulose, a method of forming a nanosheet including carbonizing crystalline cellulose to create carbonized crystalline cellulose. The interconnected two-dimensional carbon nanosheets also contain very high levels of mesoporosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: The Governors of the University of Alberta
    Inventors: David Mitlin, Huanlei Wang, Zhanwei Xu, Zhi Li, Chris Holt
  • Patent number: 10066030
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the polymerization of olefins comprising the comprising the steps of a. Polymerizing olefins in a reaction mixture comprising monomers, diluent, processing aids to prepare a product stream comprising polyolefins, monomers and diluent; b. Removing the polyolefins from the product stream to obtain a purge stream; c. Removing gaseous components from the purge stream to obtain a liquid fraction; d. Treating the liquid fraction with at least one ionic liquid to obtain a fraction containing unsaturated hydrocarbons; e. Recycling the fraction containing unsaturated hydrocarbons to the reaction mixture, optionally after purification of said fraction containing unsaturated hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Inventor: Mpho Prudence Setlhaku
  • Patent number: 9938303
    Abstract: Disclosed are Si-containing thin film forming precursors, methods of synthesizing the same, and methods of using the same to deposit silicon-containing films using vapor deposition processes for manufacturing semiconductors, photovoltaics, LCD-TFT, flat panel-type devices, refractory materials, or aeronautics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Christian Dussarrat, Glenn Kuchenbeiser, Venkateswara R. Pallem
  • Patent number: 9937366
    Abstract: A compact ignition system for chemical oxygen generators for possible use in an aircraft. The chemical oxygen generator is configured such that a majority of the ignition system can be accommodated within an interior of the generator body. In some embodiments, the ignition system is positioned within a recess of an upper surface of the core of the generator. Housing a majority of the ignition system within the generator allows the overall oxygen-generating capacity of the generator to be increased without requiring a corresponding increase in the overall length of the generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: AVOX Systems Inc.
    Inventors: William A. Mack, Jr., William A. Donofrio, Dean A. Kubik, Yelena Aleshina
  • Patent number: 9889430
    Abstract: The process provided herein is concerned with disposal of oxidized sulfur compounds formed by oxidative desulfurization. The process uses solid base catalyst in the presence of a caustic solution or solid base catalyst pretreated with a base and eliminates the need to separate the sulfones from the hydrocarbon streams and recover the hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Omer Refa Koseoglu, Abdennour Bourane
  • Patent number: 9879857
    Abstract: The combustion and flue gas treatment system includes a furnace for combusting a fuel with an oxidizer generating a flue gas, ducting for the flue gas connected to a NOx removal unit and a SOx removal unit, and a recirculation line for recirculating a part of the flue gas back to the furnace. The SOx removal unit is located upstream of the NOx removal unit with reference to the flue gas flow. The recirculation line is connected to the ducting downstream the SOx removal unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: General Electric Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Olaf Stallmann, Wuyin Wang, Erik W. Böös
  • Patent number: 9868107
    Abstract: Provided are materials and processes for removing nitrogen dioxide gas from a sample by contacting the sample with a filtration media that includes a MOF, optionally an amine containing MOF. The resulting filtration media has the ability to sequester nitrogen dioxide with little conversion to nitric oxide, is stable, and highly functional so as to be useful in protective equipment or other filtration systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Gregory W Peterson
  • Patent number: 9826777
    Abstract: The filter using technology for reducing the smell of tobacco smoke on hands, according to one embodiment of the present invention, comprises: a filter unit for filtering tobacco smoke, the filter unit being coupled to a tobacco shred; and filter-wrapping paper for wrapping the filter unit. The filter unit or the filter-wrapping paper may contain a material for reducing the smell of tobacco smoke. According to the embodiment of the present invention, green tea extracts containing catechin or other materials for reducing the smell of tobacco smoke, e.g. citric acids, glycerols, tannic acids and the like can be added to a tobacco filter to remove the smell from tobacco smoke generated during smoking, thus significantly lowering the strength of the smell of tobacco smoke on the hands of a smoker as compared to conventional tobacco filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: KT&G Corporation
    Inventors: Man Seok Seo, Hyun Suk Cho, In Hyeog Oh, Burm Ho Yang, Han Jae Shin, Mi Jang, Jong Yeol Kim
  • Patent number: 9821270
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of selectively removing hydrogen sulfide H2S from a gaseous effluent comprising at least H2S and CO2, wherein a stage of selective absorption of hydrogen sulfide over CO2 is carried out by contacting said effluent with a solution comprising (a) water and (b) at least the following diamine: 1,2-bis(2-dimethylaminoethoxy)ethane and wherein the absorption selectivity is controlled by adding (c) a viscosifying compound to the absorbent solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Inventors: Julien Grandjean, Dominique Le Pennec, Bruno Delfort
  • Patent number: 9732016
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems and methods which provide a process stream comprising a gaseous component, capture the gaseous component from the process stream by an ionic liquid solvent of a separator, and recover a captured gaseous component from the ionic liquid solvent in a regenerator. A second gaseous component from the process stream may be captured by the ionic liquid solvent of the separator, and the second gaseous component may be recovered from the ionic liquid solvent in the regenerator. Alternatively, the second gaseous component from the process stream may be uncaptured by the ionic liquid solvent, and the uncaptured second gaseous component may be recovered from a membrane unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignees: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP, Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Lei Ji, Ai-Fu Chang, Michael S. Driver, Hye Kyung Timken
  • Patent number: 9561466
    Abstract: The invention is a process for absorbing sulfur dioxide from a gaseous stream with the aid of an ionic liquid, followed by the release of sulfur dioxide from the ionic liquid on addition of a polar solvent and the regeneration of the ionic liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Inventors: Yoel Sasson, Tatyana Sachs, Effi Dvash, Zach Barnea
  • Patent number: 9533253
    Abstract: A process of mixing methyldiethanolamine to water to produce a first mixture. 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol is added to the first mixture to form a second mixture. The second mixture is then heated while mixing to form a third mixture. Piperazine is then added to the third mixture to form a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Frederick Bynum Closmann, David Hamilton Van Wagener, Clint Aichele
  • Patent number: 9452426
    Abstract: Problem To provide a method for easily producing an adsorbing material used for the removal and recovery of metals and ions in a solution, which is highly durable and has various adsorptive functional groups and forms applicable for various purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Inventors: Yoshinori Inoue, Takehiro Kajiwara, Mitsuru Saito
  • Patent number: 9441157
    Abstract: This disclosure refers to the fabrication of an active oxygen-absorbing compound composed of a sodium erythorbate and a non-organic salt of a transition metal encapsulated through the sol-gel method in a silica matrix. This compound can be part of the package's structure for oxidation-sensitive products or contained in the surrounding atmosphere to decrease the oxygen concentration. This application describes the method for the fabrication of the oxygen-absorber, as well as its encapsulation and incorporation in polymeric matrixes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Inventors: Jorge Alberto Medina Perilla, Angela Maria Garcia Mora, Andrea Marcela Arias Herrera, Ronald Vicente Joven Pineda
  • Patent number: 9365783
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process and an apparatus for producing synthesis gas (5) by steam reforming, in which nitrogen is separated off from a starting material (1) containing hydrocarbons and nitrogen in order to produce a low-nitrogen feed (4) for a burner-fired steam reformer (D), with formation of a hydrocarbon-containing residual gas (2) which subsequently serves as fuel (6). Nitrogen is separated off adsorptively (N) from the starting material and the hydrocarbon-containing residual gas (2) is used for firing the steam reformer (D).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Inventor: Martin Lang
  • Patent number: 9326501
    Abstract: The preservation or extension of the life of oxygen perishable products such as fresh or cooked meats; fresh vegetables and fruits; dried vegetables, fruits and meats; packaged pharmaceuticals or biologicals; open and enclosed marketing display cases of meats, fruits and vegetables; and packaging, warehousing and transportation of meats, fruits, and vegetables is obtained by subjecting such products to an atmosphere obtained from gas permeable packets of an oxygen scavenging composition comprising a sodium carbonate mineral and one or more carboxylic acids. When the environment surrounding the oxygen perishable product is subjected to the packets of gaseous permeable oxygen scavenging compositions, oxygen is taken in by the scavenging composition and also the presence of carbon dioxide in the surrounding environment is enhanced thereby minimizing or eliminating the effect the oxygen on the oxygen perishable products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: JP Patents L.L.C.
    Inventor: Peter E. Fuller
  • Patent number: 9260596
    Abstract: Provided is a resin composition which is excellent in an oxygen-absorbing performance, a resin strength and a resin processability. The oxygen-absorbing resin composition is characterized by containing a polyolefin resin, a transition metal catalyst and a polyamide resin obtained by polycondensation of aromatic diamine and dicarboxylic acid, wherein an end amino group concentration of the above polyamide resin is 30 ?eq/g or less, and a total content of the transition metal catalyst and the polyamide resin is 15 to 60% by weight based on a whole amount of the oxygen-absorbing resin composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventors: Takashi Kashiba, Satoshi Okada, Shinpei Iwamoto, Akihiro Masuda, Kiyonori Michiba
  • Patent number: 9227187
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for functionalization of inorganic particles by polymers comprising at least one recurrent unit bearing at least one proton exchange group comprising the following steps: a) a step for functionalization of inorganic particles by an anionic polymerization termination agent comprising at least one group capable of being bound to the surface of said particles; b) a step for anionic polymerization of at least one monomer bearing at least one precursor group of a proton exchange group; c) a step for putting the particles obtained in step a) in contact with the polymers obtained in step b), in return for which the obtained particles are particles functionalized by said polymers by reaction between a reactive end of said polymeric polymers and at least one group of the aforementioned termination agent; and d) a step for transformation of the precursor group(s) of said proton exchange group(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Inventors: Jannick Bigarre, Renaud Perrin, Pierrick Buvat, Herve Galiano
  • Patent number: 9044739
    Abstract: Foam-based adsorbents and a related method of manufacture are provided. The foam-based adsorbents include polymer foam with grafted side chains and an increased surface area per unit weight to increase the adsorption of dissolved metals, for example uranium, from aqueous solutions. A method for forming the foam-based adsorbents includes irradiating polymer foam, grafting with polymerizable reactive monomers, reacting with hydroxylamine, and conditioning with an alkaline solution. Foam-based adsorbents formed according to the present method demonstrated a significantly improved uranium adsorption capacity per unit weight over existing adsorbents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher J. Janke, Sheng Dai, Yatsandra Oyola
  • Publication number: 20150147243
    Abstract: Compositions for reducing the aggregate content of a protein preparation include a first substrate having a first surface-bound ligand possessing a metal affinity functionality and a second surface-bound ligand optionally provided on a second substrate and having an aggregate charge opposite to that of the metal affinity functionality of the first substrate, wherein the first surface-bound ligand and the second surface-bound ligand are positioned such that the protein preparation may contact both the first surface-bound ligand and the second surface-bound ligand simultaneously.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Peter Gagnon
  • Patent number: 9034100
    Abstract: The invention relates to CO2 capturing binder with an amortized environmental cost, the method of manufacture thereof by means of selecting, purifying and optimizing the carbide lime paste for use as a cementing material, and aggregates for the manufacture of lime paints and slurries, stuccos, mortars and concretes having multiple applications in the construction industry, in architectural restoration, in public works and land conditioning, object of the present invention. It is basically characterized in that the raw material is the residue in the form of sludge generated in the industrial manufacture of acetylene (C2H2) from calcium carbide (CaC2) the fundamental component of which is calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) in highly reactive nanometric formations treated in a specific manner according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Inventors: Miguel Angel Bermejo Sotillo, Carlos Rodriguez Navarro, Encarnación Ruiz Agudo, Kerstin Elert
  • Publication number: 20150132202
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for preparing a lithium activated alumina intercalate solid by contacting a three-dimensional activated alumina with a lithium salt under conditions sufficient to infuse lithium salts into activated alumina for the selective extraction and recovery of lithium from lithium containing solutions, including brines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, C. V. Krishnamohan Sharma, M. Scott Conley
  • Publication number: 20150133712
    Abstract: Described herein is a material for reversibly binding to a carotenoid comprising a support coupled to silver ions in an amount to enable reversible binding with carotenoids, and wherein with the exception of silver ions, is substantially free of transition metals. Also described herein is a process for reversibly binding a carotenoid, the process comprising the steps of: providing a support coupled to silver ions in an amount to enable reversible binding with the carotenoid, wherein with the exception of silver, the support is substantially free of transition metals, contacting the support with the carotenoid under binding conditions to bind it thereto and dissociating the carotenoidod from the support under dissociating conditions to release the carotenoid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Pratap Kumar Deheri, Srinivasan Varadalambedu Nithianandam, Mahesh Dahyabhai Patel
  • Patent number: 9017455
    Abstract: This invention relates to sulfur based compounds useful in methods of carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide removal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Mark A. Scialdone
  • Publication number: 20150105240
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a desulphurisation agent for removing sulphurous species from a diluent or process stream, and a use of such agent. In some examples, the agent may include a compound of manganese, pore forming particles and a compound of copper. The agent may be introduced into or mixed with the diluent or process stream to effectuate removal of sulphorous species from the diluent or process stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: Rodney Martin Sambrook
  • Patent number: 8992868
    Abstract: Dry processes, apparatus, compositions and systems are provided for reducing emissions of mercury and optionally sulfur oxides and/or HCl. In an embodiment the copper-based mercury remediation composition comprises a copper ammonium complex having an empirical formula of C2H7CuNO2 or any of the other materials described, which include compositions defined by the formula Cu(NH3)x(lower carboxylate)y, wherein the lower carboxylate is selected from the group consisting of formate, acetate and propionate, x is an integer from 0 to 4, y is an integer from 0 to 2, and x+y is equal to or greater than 1. Sulfur oxides and/or HCl can be additionally reduced by introduction of dolomite hydrate sorbent, and additional mercury remediation chemicals as manganese oxides can be employed. The treated gas stream is treated with a particulate removal device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Fuel Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher R. Smyrniotis, Kent W. Schulz, Emelito P. Rivera, Mingming Fang, Ian Saratovsky
  • Publication number: 20150086801
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a complex for carbon dioxide separation, the complex for carbon dioxide separation including a support and a carbon dioxide separation layer on the support, and the method including: applying, on the support, a coating liquid for forming the carbon dioxide separation layer including: a water-absorbing polymer, an alkali metal salt, and a filler having a density lower than a density of the alkali metal salt, a new Mohs hardness of 2 or greater, and a volume average particle diameter that is 30% or less of a thickness of the carbon dioxide separation layer; and drying the coating liquid applied for forming the carbon dioxide separation layer to obtain the carbon dioxide separation layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Daisuke HIRAKI, Kenichi ISHIZUKA
  • Publication number: 20150075740
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for producing exfoliated clay platelets from a swellable clay material. In embodiments, the method for producing exfoliated clay platelets includes providing an exfoliating agent comprising an anionic extractant, and exposing the swellable clay material to the exfoliating agent, wherein the exfoliating agent produces exfoliated clay platelets from the swellable clay material. Methods for treating paper precursors and paper sheets are also disclosed, as are paper products formed from such paper precursors or paper sheets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Gangadhar Jogikalmath, Andrea Schneider, David S. Soane
  • Patent number: 8968692
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for removing sulfur from a gaseous or liquid mixture. This method involves contacting the gaseous or liquid mixture with an iron-enriched matrix under conditions effective to remove sulfur from the mixture through adsorption of the sulfur to the matrix. The iron-enriched matrix used in this method is a lignocellulosic material that is enriched with iron. The present invention also relates to a system, composition, and plant fertilizer that contain the iron-enriched matrix. Methods of making the composition and preparing a plant fertilizer are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Cornell University
    Inventor: Gary E. Harman
  • Patent number: 8961821
    Abstract: A process of treating a gas stream containing mercury and acid gas pollutants is disclosed. The process includes applying a sorbent composition into a gas stream in order to adsorb mercury containing compounds and acid gas pollutants. The sorbent composition includes a compound having the formula (SiO2)x(OH)yMzSaF.B. The combination of basic inorganic solids for the adsorption of acid gases, and metal sulfide-doped silica for the adsorption of mercury provides dual sorbent functionality, along with additional benefits for each individual sorbent: silica for moisture retention on the surface of the basic inorganic particle and adsorption of acid gas, which will improve metal sulfide performance at higher operating temperatures. The use of a hygroscopic solid effectively dries the metal sulfide-doped silica slurry without the use of filtration of drying equipment, providing significant economic benefit for the manufacture of metal sulfide-doped silica material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Ergang, Ian Saratovsky, Tommy Chen
  • Patent number: 8961820
    Abstract: An granular composition for absorbing liquids, the composition comprising perlite, super-absorbent polymer, a pH-indicating dye, and a minor amount of water. According to one preferred embodiment of the invention, the subject composition comprises about 80 weight percent perlite, about 5 weight percent SAP, about 0.0125 weight percent pH indicating dye (most preferably phenolphthalein), and from about 7 to about 9 weight percent water in the final product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: NCH Corporation
    Inventors: Robert C. Pearce, III, Katrell Deon Copeland, Alisha D. Farrington, Ecaterina Henderson
  • Publication number: 20150048029
    Abstract: Novel water softening products and methods of treating hard water are provided. The products comprise a salt and a metal chelating agent. The products are useful for regenerating ion exchange material in a water softening system and providing softened water containing both sodium and potassium ions, while having dramatically increased efficiencies over prior art products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Geoffrey A. Brown, Kristopher Lee Shelite, Darlene R. Linscott, Jerry L. Poe
  • Publication number: 20150037274
    Abstract: A highy alkalized humic and fulvic filter reagent for the removal of multiple contaminants from a gas is provided. The contaminants removed from the gas stream may include, but are not limited to, Carbon Dioxide, Sulfur Oxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Hydrogen Sulfides, radionuclides, mercaptans, ammonia, toxic metals, particulates, volatile vapors, and organics. The present invention further includes the disposal of the filter reagent by way of using the highly alkalized humic and fulvic filter for soil fertility, releasing the carbon dioxide from the filter reagent , converting the liquid filter reagent into a solid for disposal or for use as a contaminant removal filter for waters, wastes, and chemicals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: ARCTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Daman S. Walia, Ashok T. Jain, Shinwoo Lee
  • Patent number: 8945280
    Abstract: An amine solvent solution that is useful in absorbing acid gases from a liquid or gas feed stream may have an amine additive added thereto. Additionally or alternatively, the amine additive may be added to a liquid or gas feed stream. The addition of the amine additive decreases the presence of amine-derived contaminants and/or degradation of amine in the amine solvent solution. As such, the amine solvent solution is available for effective reuse in treating the liquid or gas feed stream and there may be a decrease in the corrosion within an amine treating system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Huntsman Petrochemical LLC
    Inventors: Patrick E. Holub, Robert A. Grigsby, Jr., Larry R. White, James E. Critchfield
  • Publication number: 20150024511
    Abstract: A solid phase for use in separation has been modified using an aqueous phase adsorption of a headgroup-modified lipid to generate analyte specific surfaces for use as a stationary phase in separations such as high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or solid phase extraction (SPE). The aliphatic moiety of the lipid adsorbs strongly to a hydrophobic solid surface, with the hydrophilic and active headgroups orienting themselves toward the more polar mobile phase, thus allowing for interactions with the desired solutes. The surface modification approach is generally applicable to a diversity of selective immobilization applications such as protein immobilization clinical diagnostics and preparative scale HPLC as demonstrated on capillary-channeled fibers, though the general methodology could be implemented on any hydrophobic solid support material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: R. Kenneth Marcus, Kenneth A. Christensen
  • Publication number: 20150014583
    Abstract: A solid solution lithium-containing transition metal oxide includes a compound represented by chemical formula (1): Li1.5[NiaCobMnc[Li]d]O3, where a, b, c and d satisfy relationships: 0.39?a<0.75, 0?b?0.18, 0<c<1.00, 0.05?d?0.25, and a+b+c+d=1.5. The use of the solid solution lithium-containing transition metal oxide in a lithium ion secondary battery can contribute to decreasing the amount of hysteresis of the battery, achieving high energy efficiency, and ensuring a high discharge capacity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tomohiro Kaburagi, Yasuhiko Osawa, Atsushi Ito
  • Publication number: 20150008366
    Abstract: Compositions and methods of preparing the compositions are disclosed for sorbents and other surfaces that can adsorb and desorb carbon dioxide. A sorbent or surface can include a metal compound such as an alkali or alkaline earth compound and a support. The sorbent can be prepared by several methods, including an incipient wetness technique. The sorbents have a CO2 adsorption and desorption profile. A sorbent having high levels of a metal compound and adsorbed CO2 is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Jeannine Elizabeth Elliott, Robert James Copeland, Margarita Dubovik, Daniel P. Leta, Patrick P. McCall, Chuansheng Bai, Bruce A. DeRites
  • Patent number: 8920825
    Abstract: The present application is directed to a novel composition which acts as a barrier to noxious agents while adding self-detoxifying catalytic treatments to neutralize the noxious and harmful warfare agents when applied for example on a fabric, or other solid support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignees: Stedfast, Inc., U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center, Chemical Technology Team
    Inventors: Hamid Benaddi, Heidi Schreuder-Gibson
  • Publication number: 20140377156
    Abstract: Disclosed is a CO2 permselective membrane 1 having an amino acid ionic liquid and a porous membrane impregnated with the amino acid ionic liquid, wherein the amino acid ionic liquid contains a certain range of water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Osamu Okada, Nobuaki Hanai, Eiji Kamio, Shohei Kasahara, Hideto Matsuyama
  • Publication number: 20140374357
    Abstract: Disclosed are processes to treat water having halide ions and organohalides. The process comprises contacting a plant biomass with an alkaline solution to give an alkaline plant biomass, and contacting the alkaline plant biomass with water to give a biomass material. An aqueous sample with organohalides or halide ions is contacted with the biomass material to provide a low halide filtrate and a spent biomass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Debasis ROY, Suvendu MANNA, Ramkrishna SEN, Basudam ADHIKARI, Prosenjit SAHA
  • Patent number: 8916120
    Abstract: Dry processes, apparatus, compositions and systems are provided for reducing emissions of sulfur oxides, and sulfur dioxide in particular, and/or HCl in a process employing a combination of a dolomite hydrate sorbent and a sorbent doping agent administered to achieve coverage of a three-dimensional cross section of a passage carrying SOx and/or HCl —containing gases with a short but effective residence time at a temperature effective to provide significant sulfur dioxide and/or HCl reductions with high rates of reaction and sorbent utilization. The once-through, dry process can advantageously introduce the sorbent and sorbent doping agent dry or preferably as a slurry to enable uniform treatment. Preferred sorbent doping agents include water-soluble or water-dispersible copper and/or iron compositions which can be heated to an active form in situ by the flue gases being treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Fuel Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher R. Smyrniotis, Kent W. Schulz, Emelito P. Rivera, Mingming Fang, Ian Saratovsky
  • Publication number: 20140367611
    Abstract: A method of determining an optimal geometry for monoliths useful for capturing CO2 is described. Monoliths having the determined desired geometry are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Amit Halder, Ameya Joshi, Victoria Igorevna Kosheleva, Denis Pavlovich Lukanin
  • Publication number: 20140356275
    Abstract: Methods and systems for producing a moisture swing sorbent for carbon dioxide capture from air are disclosed. In some embodiments, the methods include the following: providing a heterogeneous ion-exchange material; soaking the material in deionized water; washing the material in hydroxide or carbonate solutions; rinsing the material in deionized water; collecting and titrating residuals of the soaking and the washing steps into a residual solution; measuring an amount of chloride in the residual solution; repeating all of the steps if the amount of chloride measured in the residual solution is greater than zero; and drying the material with either dry nitrogen gas or air free of carbon dioxide and water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventor: Klaus S. Lackner
  • Publication number: 20140346113
    Abstract: A composition for use in bioseparation. The composition includes a plurality of hollow particles having a siliceous surface. The composition further includes a surface-modifying agent bonded to the hollow particles. The surface-modifying agent includes a binding segment and a reactive segment. The binding segment includes a silyl group and the reactive segment includes a reactive nitrogen group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Masayuki Nakamura, Naota Sugiyama, Cynthia D. Zook, Stephen E. Amos, Jerald K. Rasmussen, Nicole M. Gryska