By Shrinking Patents (Class 26/69A)
  • Patent number: 5958535
    Abstract: The invention makes it possible for a traditional decorative element for expensive embroidered luxury materials namely fine bugle beads, i.e. very small tubes of glass or glass-like other materials, which are conventionally either sewn on directly using complicated hand work or in the form of pre-formed fine bugle beads strung on a thread which is stitched in time-consuming manner, for example using single-head Lorraine sewing machines, to the supporting material, to be manufactured with virtually the same quality but in a simple manner without involving manual work. For this method use is made of a narrow film formed from a multiple layer laminate of different synthetic or natural materials in such a way that during a subsequent treatment, e.g. a heat treatment, the material starts to curve in a pre-determined direction bends up and finally curls and assumes the shape of a bugle bead. The narrow film is applied to the substrate by conventional sequin embroidery techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Bomei AG
    Inventor: Norbert Desmet
  • Patent number: 4892557
    Abstract: A process for forming crepe fabrics on a shuttleless loom is provided which includes temporary stabilization of highly twisted (e.g., 40-70 TPI) filament yarn. To this end, hot melt size is applied at a predetermined temperature in predetermined amounts (e.g., add-on of about 10.5-13.5%) immediately after twisting so as to reduce the liveliness of the yarn and to thereby permit it to be woven. After weaving, the yarn stabilization is reversed by a desizing operation. The fabric is subsequently heat treated to develop crepe characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 9, 1990
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Delano M. Conklin, Joe F. London, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4471514
    Abstract: Apparatus for imparting visual surface effects to a relatively moving substrate by application of discrete streams of heated pressurized fluid to surface areas of the substrate. The apparatus includes an elongate manifold assembly comprising two fluid receiving compartments, each extending across the path of said substrate. Fluid from the first compartment passes into the second compartment, which is comprised of a series of chambers, each associated with a throttling gap. The fluid is uniformly mixed within this second compartment, and may then be directed onto the substrate as a thin, continuous stream extending the length of the manifold. By use of blocking streams of relatively cool fluid, smaller streams or groups of streams extending along selected portions of the manifold may be formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1984
    Assignee: Milliken Research Corporation
    Inventor: Jimmy L. Stokes
  • Patent number: 4459704
    Abstract: A novel process is disclosed in which garments and other cloth items are formed into their predetermined three dimensional shapes. Unfinished cloth is used to construct a shell which is then completely finished while maintained in the shape of the final product on a mold. The invention is also directed to the products obtained from the novel process and to the one-piece pattern used in the manufacture of pant garments in accord with the process of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: Apparel Form Company
    Inventors: I. Weir Sears, John E. Hostetler, William H. Hulsebusch
  • Patent number: 4393562
    Abstract: Improved apparatus for imparting visual surface effects to a relatively moving substrate material by application of discrete streams of heated pressurized fluid to surface areas of the material. The apparatus includes an elongate manifold assembly disposed across the path of relative movement of the material and comprising a pair of elongate manifold housings which are coupled by quick release clamping means in fluid tight relation to facilitate pattern changes and maintenance of the treating apparatus. The manifold housings are constructed and arranged so that any distortion of the manifold assembly caused by differential thermal expansion of the same is resolved to minimize displacement of the manifold toward or away from the substrate. Baffle means, filter means, and fluid passageways are provided in the manifold assembly to evenly distribute the heated air at uniform temperature throughout the full length of the assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1983
    Assignee: Milliken Research Corporation
    Inventor: Jimmy L. Stokes
  • Patent number: 4364156
    Abstract: Improved apparatus for treatment of relatively moving substrate materials by precise selective application of discrete, high temperature pressurized streams of fluid against the surface of the materials to impart a visual change thereto. The apparatus includes an elongate manifold for receiving pressurized heated fluid, such as air, disposed across the width of the relatively moving material and having a plurality of spaced parallel fluid stream discharge channels for directing the fluid into the surface of the material. Pressurized cool fluid, such as air, is directed into selected manifold discharge channels to block selectively the passage of pressurized heated air therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1982
    Assignee: Milliken Research Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Greenway, Jimmy L. Stokes
  • Patent number: 4362808
    Abstract: A print screen stencil for printing with corrosive printing compositions is disclosed. The stencil comprises a screen fabric having open mesh areas in a predetermined pattern adapted to allow the passage of a printing composition to a substrate positioned beneath the fabric and filled or closed mesh areas adapted to prevent the passage of a printing composition, the filled mesh areas comprising a resist coating encasing the mesh in the filled areas, the resist coating comprising cross-linked acrylic polymer intimately dispersed in fused vinyl resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1982
    Assignee: Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Jacob A. Otthofer, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4129416
    Abstract: The longitudinal contraction of fibers of nylon in textile fabrics is caused by the application of a nylon textile fabric contracting agent. The agent comprises a mixture of ammonium or a metal nitrate; an acid selected from the group inorganic acid, organic carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, and mixtures thereof; and a halo, carbocyclic aryl, carbocyclic aryloxy or alkoxy substituted aliphatic alcohol. The textile fabric is treated with the contracting agent and heated to a temperature of from about F. to about F., to initiate a longitudinal contraction of the treated portions of the nylon fabric. After removal of substantially all of the textile fabric treating agent, the textile fabric is dried, thereby completing the longitudinal contraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1978
    Assignee: Armstrong Cork Company
    Inventors: Roxanne L. Bennett, James A. Tshudy
  • Patent number: 4103363
    Abstract: Methods of manufacturing pants from heat-settable textile material, with molding of the material for a good fit, in which two flat tubes of such material are assembled, seamed to form a crotch seam, applied to a mold shaped to impart appropriate form to the tubes for a better fit, and heated to set the tubes in the form of the mold; and the molds used in carrying out said methods. According to a first embodiment, the material in the crotch section of the tubes is left intact until after molding, being then cut out. According to a second embodiment, the material in the crotch section of the tubes is cut out before molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1978
    Assignee: Stahl-Urban Company
    Inventor: William R. Conner, Jr.