Abstract: A direct evaporative cooling system add-on to the existing air conditioning system for more effectively removing the Latent-heat-of-condensation of the refrigerant of the system greatly enhances the EER rating of the system. Upgrading the conventional air-conditioning systems from air cooled refrigerant-condensing-radiator to water-evaporative-cooling via an ADD-ON unit, comprising a reservoir that stores water to be periodically pumped up a pipe under pressure controlled by the electronic controller for timing and quantity. The water is sprinkling uniformly with the help of a plurality of holes in the pipeline wetting the condensing radiator, some of which evaporates cooling the radiator and the excess returning to the reservoir to be recycled over the radiator repeatedly allowing the evaporation and heat exchange process to continue.
Abstract: A pre-chill system for reducing the temperature of air entering a cooling system includes a wicking material sheet and a series of frame segments. The frame segments are operable to secure the wicking material sheet to an outer casing of the cooling system in a path along which air enters the cooling system, each of the series of frame segments including one or more magnets magnetically attachable to the cooling system. A misting system is capable of directing moisture adjacent an outer face of the wicking material sheet. The frame segments are magnetically attachable to the outer casing of the cooling system over the wicking material sheet so as to retain the wicking material sheet against the outer casing with the wicking material sheet held between the frame segments and the outer casing.
Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus and a method for handling gases, the apparatus comprising an inlet gas duct (2) leading said gas to a bubbling tank (21), and a gas buffer drum (3) opening into the tank (21) via perforations formed on a plate (3a) of the drum (3), and a suction duct (5) submerged in gas handling liquid (7) situated in the tank (21), and having a gas outlet duct (8) connected into the gas room (3b) of the tank (21). Said perforations formed on the plate (3a) of the drum (3) are shaped as nozzles (4) having a blow direction (J) inclined by an acute angle relating to the plate (3a). The apparatus further comprising a valve (31) for draining the liquid (7) and a turbine house (22) divided into two chambers (22a, 22b) by a plate (27), the first chamber (22a) housing an air turbine (43) driven by a liquid turbine (23) housed in the second chamber (22b) and operated by a liquid jet nozzle (26).
Abstract: An apparatus for mass transfer of a gas into a liquid, including a tank that defines a chamber for receiving the gas, and at least one surface provided within the chamber. Each surface has an inner region, an outer region and an edge adjacent the outer region. Each surface is configured to receive the liquid at the inner region and rotate such that the liquid flows on the surface from the inner region to the outer region, and, upon reaching the edge of the surface, separates to form liquid particles that move outwardly through the gas in the chamber. The liquid particles are sized so that the gas is absorbed by the liquid particles to produce a mixed liquid saturated with the gas during a brief flight time of the liquid particles through the chamber.
Abstract: An apparatus for producing water having dissolved ozone therein of the type direct-connectable to a pressurized-water supply faucet (26) includes a nozzle (5) for directing a flow of pressurized water from the supply faucet (26) to a turbine (1) to effect rotation thereof, the turbine (1) having magnets (13) attached thereto magnetically coupled to corresponding magnets (13) attached to a disc (14) of a power generator (3). Rotation of the turbine (1) is magnetically coupled to the power generator (3) to generate electrical power for supply to an ozone generator to generate ozone for combination with the so-supplied water to produce ozonated water.
Abstract: A cooling tower system, including a principal cooling tower; an auxiliary cooling tower for receiving a portion of the warm water flow into the main tower; a central shaft mounted vertically in the auxiliary tower; a turbine mounted on a portion of the shaft; a cooling blade mounted on the upper end of the shaft; a water jetting system delivering warm water under pressure from the main cooling tower into the auxiliary cooling tower to impart rotation to the turbine blades for imparting rotation to the cooling blade; a quantity of high efficiency film fill in that portion of the tower below the turbine for receiving the water coming off of the turbine blades; air flow produced by rotation of the cooling blade upward through the fill in order to cool the water before it is returned to the main cooling tower.
Abstract: The present invention relates to an air purifier employing a water jet-type fan system having a simple structure, in which water is pumped by a water pump and sprayed and scattered by the water jet-type fan system in which a plurality of spray nozzles are mounted on a fan having a flow channel, in order to purify contaminants. The fan system rotates by the principle of action and reaction using the spraying force of water. The air purifier of the present invention performs an air purification process and an air circulation function at the same time by spraying and scattering water so as to use the adsorption power of water, instead of using a motor fan for circulating air. The present invention also relates to a purification method of the air purifier.
Abstract: A floating pump assembly including a compact floatation assembly structured to float on a body of water and supporting a flow pump housing having an inlet, outlet and fluid drive assembly being submerged and wherein at least the outlet is oriented in a predetermined, preferably horizontal orientation during operation and activation. A power assembly is supported on the floatation assembly and is drivingly connected to the fluid drive assembly for powered operation thereof. The predetermined orientation of at least the outlet and particularly the direction of discharge of water issuing from the outlet substantially is such as to eliminate or at least minimize the tendency of the floatation device to become disoriented or unstable at least in terms of being increasingly submerged into a deeper position within the body of water upon activation and operation of the floating pump assembly.
Abstract: The present invention discloses an induced aeration device which utilizes a housing containing a plurality of slats having an air inlet on its bottom and an air outlet on its top. The housing contains a horizontally rotatable water distribution arm having horizontal water outlets directed in a reverse direction to that of rotation so that the distribution arm turns in response to the force created by the water outlet jets. A fan is disposed on top of the water distribution arm so that the fan turns with the water distribution arm. Further, the fan is effectively sized to induce the flow of air through the housing in sufficient quantity to aerate the influent water flow.
Abstract: A water atomization system for cooling, aeration, and pollution control gas scrubbing, wherein a multiple blade fan is mounted in a tower cap, or positioned directly inside of a tank or tower. Water exiting nozzles impinges off the fan blades, thereby propelling and rotating the fan. The rotating fan atomizes the water into fine droplets, and forces air through the atomized water. For cooling and aeration applications, heat or dissolved gasses in the water are liberated and carried away by the flowing air. The system can also be used for pollution control, whereby instead of air traveling through the device, gasses of combustion flow through it. The water traps, absorbs, and chemically reacts with suspended particles in the flowing gasses.
Abstract: The method and apparatus for treating a gas and a liquid, typically in water, comprises discharging the water radially outwardly from a rotating head and using the water movement to draw air into an intake to be scrubbed, humidified and cooled by the water, before exiting.
Abstract: A mixer is disclosed for absorbing and mixing gases in liquids, or for mixing a liquid with another liquid and/or atomizing a liquid in a gas. The mixer includes an impeller with blades which are bent backward, the blades being surrounded on both sides by a front wall comprising an exhaust opening and a back wall sealing off at least the entire conveying area. A sectional chamber, which is built together with the coaxial hollow main shaft stub, is constructed in the shaft of the impeller and at least two blades are assembled with a pipe for propellant. The inner end of the pipe adjoins a sectional chamber and a nozzle is provided on the outer end. The impeller is closed off with a casing, injectors coaxial with primary nozzles are led through a casing, a mixing nozzle of the injectors is attached on three sides to the casing of the impeller, the front wall and the back wall while connected with a blade on the fourth side.
Abstract: A driving and supply unit is provided with an air channel for drawing in hot air and delivering the air via a fan to a spray cooler with spray nozzles for spraying droplets of water into the conveyed air for cooling the air. Cooling water is delivered via a high-pressure water pipe and is first fed via a control to an impulse turbine with a reduction gear for driving the fan. The water is collected downstream of the turbine and is fed via a water pipe to the spray nozzles of the cooler.
Abstract: An improved water carbonator system is provided for thoroughly mixing a carbonating gas with a water supply flowing through a refrigerated reservoir of the type used in soft drink dispenser stations and the like. The carbonator system includes water and gas injector nozzles disposed generally at an upper end of the reservoir, together with a dispense valve for drawing carbonated chilled water from a lower end of the reservoir. A vertically elongated and rotatably driven impeller shaft carries a spaced plurality of vaneless impeller disks for causing the water flowing downwardly through the reservoir to undergo a plurality of directional changes in a radially outward direction. Such directional changes in flow result in improved intermixing with the carbonating gas and improved chilling of the water prior to dispensing. In one form, the impeller shaft is rotatably driven by a motor mounted outside the reservoir.
Abstract: A precooler for enhancing the cooling effectiveness and efficiency of an existing evaporative cooling system employing a misting system for precooling the ambient air before entering the air flow inlet to the evaporative cooler.
Abstract: An energy conserving highly efficient hydraulically energized cooling tower fan system is provided having a rotary fan and hydraulic motor for operation thereof located at elevation within the upper portion of a cooling tower. An axial piston, variable displacement, pressure compensation hydraulic pump and its electric motor, together with a hydraulic fluid reservoir, hydraulic fluid filters and coolers arranged in closed loop assembly are located remotely from the hydraulic motor and fan assembly such as at ground level, to facilitate ease of maintenance and to minimized fire hazard and electrical hazard within the cooling tower itself. The rotational speed of the cooling tower fan is within a predetermined infinitely variable range and is controlled responsive to the temperature sensed in the cool water basin of the cooling tower by a temperature sensor and controller which controls the velocity of fluid output from the hydraulic pump.
Abstract: A method for carbonating water and a carbonator which can be used on earth or in the microgravity conditions of outer space uses a tank having first and second chambers separated by a movable piston. Carbon dioxide inlets, water inlets and carbonated water outlets as well as agitators are provided for each chamber. The piston in the tank can be driven by introduction of either carbon dioxide or water into one chamber in order to reduce the volume of the other chamber and to cause carbonated water held therein to be discharged. Both chambers will be able to sequentially form carbonated water when both carbon dioxide and water is contained in one of the chambers.
Abstract: This is a device for injecting air into a water supply under pressure in a closed system. One embodiment consists of two sliding pistons inside a closed housing. The two pistons are connected to each other by a connecting rod. They are positioned so that they slide alternately toward one end of said housing and then toward the other end. They are propelled first in one direction and then the other by water entering under pressure alternately through two openings, one on each side of the driving piston and exiting alternately through two other openings on opposite sides of said driving piston. These valves are opened and closed alternately in pairs by a means driven by the movement of said pistons. The second piston, driven by the first, draws air into said housing as it moves in one direction and then forces it into the water as it moves in the other direction.
Abstract: This is a device for injecting air into a water supply under pressure in a closed system. It consists of two sliding pistons inside a closed housing. The two pistons are connected to each other by a connecting rod. They are positioned so that they slide alternately toward one end of the housing and then toward the other end. They are propelled in one direction by water pressure entering the housing through an opening from an outside source. They are propelled in the opposite direction by a coil spring. This device can employ any one of several different means to increase and decrease the water pressure on one piston thereby alternately causing the coil spring to be compressed and then allowed to expand. This causes the second piston to draw air into the housing through a check valve when the coil spring is being depressed and then allows the air to pass through a check into the path of the flowing water when the coil spring is expanding.
Abstract: The present invention is directed to heat exchange apparatus in which a cooling tower having coils carrying heated water from a facility in a closed circuit system are mounted such that the coils, by means of multi-directional thermal expansion, crack scale and other film from the surface thereof. The improvement is directed to the internal flow path of heated fluid in the closed circuit which includes turbulator means to enhance agitation and vibration of the coils thereby increasing efficiency and avoiding the build-up of the scale on the smooth external surfaces of the cooling coils. The cooling tower may include a turbine driven fan which utilizes as a motive fluid water for cooling and washing the coils of scale.
Abstract: A device for removing solid impurities from air comprising a housing defining an interior mixing chamber. The solid impurity laden air is conducted to the mixing chamber so that the air enters the chamber in a first direction. Simultaneously, water is pumped into the mixing chamber in a direction substantially perpendicular to the air flow whereupon the air and water become intermixed. A second pump then pumps this mixture into a settling tank so that the solid impurities collect in the bottom of the tank for subsequent removal.
Abstract: A combination humidifier and moving indoor sculpture is provided comprising a reservoir containing a body of water, an upright helix rotatable about its longitudinal axis, and means for pumping water to the top of the helix. The helix floats on the surface of the body of water, and the water pumped to the top of the helix flows down the helix under the influence of gravity adding humidity to the surrounding atmosphere and rotatably driving the helix due to the change of momentum of the water flowing down the helix.
Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus for heat-mass exchange processes with participation of a liquid, comprising at least one sprinkling device installed in the casing with a provision for rotation around its own axis and made up from chutes curved into a multiple-start spiral diverging from the axis of the sprinkling device. At least the peripheral portions of at least two chutes, as they gradually recede from the axis of the sprinkling device, are displaced in a direction parallel to the axis of the sprinkling device so that the peripheral ends of the chutes are arranged in different planes which are perpendicular to the axis of the sprinkling device.
October 4, 1978
Date of Patent:
April 15, 1980
Alexandr V. Shafranovsky, Viktor M. Olevsky, Vladimir K. Chubukov, Jury A. Baskov
Abstract: A valve comprising two compartments separated by a flexible diaphragm, each compartment being defined by an arcuate wall having an optionally interchangeable inlet and outlet located therein to allow the flow of liquid into and through the compartment, the flexible diaphragm being mounted between the arcuate walls and being adapted to be distended into one of the compartments to reduce or restrict the flow of liquid therethrough by excess pressure exerted by liquid in the other compartment; and a cooling installation containing one or more of such valves incorporated in pipelines associated with fans.
Abstract: A heat exchange system and particularly a water cooling tower wherein water is sprayed from an upper level thereof to be cooled by rising air currents. A rotatable vertical shaft coaxial with the tower, has a multiplicity of arms or blades extending radially therefrom along the length thereof. The blades are of generally triangular cross-section, having upper surfaces which slope downward and lower surfaces which slope upward from leading portions thereof, whereby water drops falling from above and air currents rising from below both impart vectors of force toward the leading portion to rotate the shaft. An air impeller at the lower end of the shaft is thus rotated to augment air flow.
Abstract: Apparatus for the farming of the vast ocean areas by transferring, in mass and into select areas, the nutrient rich abyssal waters throughout the photic zone where penetration of sunlight supports the life processes whereby sea life flourishes and provides a high yield for fishery harvesting. Apparatus is provided for the subtle and continued imparting of vertical momentum to abyssal waters which flood into the photic zone as nutrient rich replacement waters. The replacement nutrient rich water feeds the food chain which produces the protein that can be developed by propagation as circumstances require.