Means Applying Centrifugal Force Patents (Class 266/204)
  • Patent number: 10449555
    Abstract: A centrifugal separator includes a cylindrical bowl, a core tube assembly, and an annular piston disposed around the core tube assembly and inside the inner surface of the bowl. Feed liquid is injected down the core tube assembly into the lower portion of the bowl, raising the annular piston. During a separation mode, the bowl rotates at high speed, separating solids from the feed liquid to accumulate along the inner surface of the bowl, while collecting clarified centrate as it exits the top of the bowl and through the core tube assembly. Following solids accumulation, bowl rotation is stopped and residual liquid is pumped from the bowl. In a solids discharge mode, the annular piston is urged downward along a vertical axis in response to compressed gas. The downward movement of the piston forces accumulated solids from the bowl via an opening in the lower end thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Inventor: Robert Bret Carr
  • Patent number: 9731368
    Abstract: Apparatuses and processes for recycling printed wire boards, wherein electronic components, precious metals and base metals may be collected for reuse and recycling. The apparatuses generally include a mechanical solder removal module and/or a thermal module, a chemical solder removal module, and a precious metal leaching module, wherein the modules are attached for continuous passage of the e-waste from module to module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: Entegris, Inc.
    Inventors: Tianniu Chen, Michael B. Korzenski, Ping Jiang
  • Patent number: 9649712
    Abstract: Apparatuses and processes for recycling printed wire boards, wherein electronic components, precious metals and base metals may be collected for reuse and recycling. The apparatuses generally include a mechanical solder removal module and/or a thermal module, a chemical solder removal module, and a precious metal leaching module, wherein the modules are attached for continuous passage of the e-waste from module to module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Entegris, Inc.
    Inventors: Tianniu Chen, Michael B. Korzenski, Ping Jiang
  • Patent number: 9453678
    Abstract: Disclosed is a production device of which secondary combustion efficiency can be further improved when a molten metal is produced by directly reducing and melting a metal agglomerate raw material layer in an electric heating furnace. Specifically, material charging chutes (4, 4) are disposed at either end portion (2, 2) of a furnace in the width direction of the furnace. Electrodes (5) are disposed in a central region in the furnace width direction. Secondary combustion burners (6) are disposed in an upper portion (1) of the furnace having stepped portions descending from both end portions (2, 2) in the furnace width direction to the electrodes (5). Raw material layers (12) each having a downslope inclined to lower portions of the electrodes (5) are formed in advance by charging a carbonaceous material (A) from the chutes (4, 4), and metal agglomerate raw material layers (13) are formed on the slopes of the raw material layers (12) by charging metal agglomerate raw material (B).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventor: Masahiko Tetsumoto
  • Publication number: 20150068363
    Abstract: An apparatus for recovering solder from solder coated scrap pieces includes a first centrifuge comprising a centrifuge receptacle having perforation holes, rotatably mounted about a first centrifuge axis for containing and rotating a quantity of solder coated scrap pieces. A solder collection container can surround the centrifuge receptacle. A heater can surround the solder collection container for heating the solder coated scrap pieces and melting the solder thereon. A drive system can be configured for rotating the centrifuge receptacle while the first centrifuge axis is in about a horizontal position at a low speed that tumbles the scrap pieces along a longitudinal length of the centrifuge receptacle, and later rotating the centrifuge receptacle at a high speed for centrifugally extracting molten solder from the centrifuge receptacle, radially outwardly through the perforation holes into the solder collection container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: Antaya Technologies Corp.
    Inventor: Fernando Almeida
  • Publication number: 20130228958
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for atomizing molten slag and recovering valuable metals, and more particularly to an apparatus for atomizing molten slag and recovering valuable metals, which enables molten slag of a blast furnace or a converter or an electric furnace to be atomized and valuable metals to be recovered.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventors: Joon-Seong Ki, Joon-Ho Lee, Jin-Ill Hwang
  • Publication number: 20130055854
    Abstract: A method and system for producing an aluminum-silicon alloy are provided and include preheating silica to a predetermined temperature and combining aluminum with the preheated silica to melt the aluminum and produce an aluminum-silicon alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2011
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Inventors: Vishu Dutt Dosaj, Reinaldo Rodrigues Bittar
  • Patent number: 5401294
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for de-metallization of metal-containing residues, dross, slags and the like that accumulate during thermal processes in metallurgical and scrap metal reclamation processes which consists of that the metal/non-metal phase mixture is fed into a centrifuge mold at a temperature within the mentioned temperature range or after having been fed into it is brought to the temperature mentioned, there in a first process phase, while maintaining the temperature within the mentioned range, it is subjected to radial acceleration for a specified time until a required degree of de-metallization is achieved and that in a second phase of the process by maintaining the radial acceleration by means of rotation at least the metallic phase, separated and removed from the phase mixture and arranged on the outside periphery is brought to solidification or setting by lowering its temperature, after which the metal phase when reaching the handling temperature is removed as at least one body whose out
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1995
    Inventors: Bernd Kos, Harald Marhold
  • Patent number: 5332198
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method and an apparatus for producing rapidly-solidified flake particles, which combines centrifugal atomization with metal substrate cooling. A stream of molten metal is disintegrated centrifugally into droplets by a rotating disk. Then the molten droplets are solidified as flake particles as soon as impinging upon the annular planar surface of a cooled rotating concave disk. The solidified flake particles are subsequently departed from the annular planar surface by the centrifugal force and collected in a chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Assignee: National Science Council
    Inventors: Jien-Wei Yeh, Kuo-Shung Liu, Kuang-Yuan Shue, Yung-Chiun Ho
  • Patent number: 5149063
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method for producing submicron and smaller metal alloy pacles using a main chamber having a longitudinal axis and a feeder for introducing a quantity of molten alloy under pulsed gas pressure in a direction generally radial to the axis. The feeder has a gas stream for forming metal droplets from said alloy. A gas accelerator directs axially flowing gas against the droplets from the feeder in the chamber. The accelerator directs the droplets in an axial direction to a substrate located along the axis and in the direction of flow from the accelerator to receive the droplets at a predetermined distance from the feeder, whereby the particles are produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Monde A. Otooni
  • Patent number: 5110547
    Abstract: In a process and an apparatus for stably and continuously producing a solid-liquid metal mixture in which non-dendritic primary solid particles are dispersed into the remaining liquid matrix, molten metal is charged into a clearance between a wall member and a rotating agitator composed of a cylindrical drum having a horizontally rotational axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: Rheo-Technology, Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kiuchi, Masazumi Hirai, Yasuo Fujikawa, Ryuji Yamaguchi, Akihiko Nanba, Masato Noda
  • Patent number: 4938457
    Abstract: An improved apparatus for recovering liquid aluminous metal from hot, aluminous skim comprising a combination of an open-one-end bowl to hold the hot skim and retain the residue after centrifuging, a bowl cover latchable to said bowl and with means to provide one or more controlled peripheral openings between said components which together form a skim centrifuge body, which centrifuge body is suspended and rotatable from a loosely fitting, mating linkage which has arcuate mating surfaces, the upper connecting part of which is connected to a source of rotation said rotational force source being provided with a non-rotating reaction and support surface which is preferably separated from the rotating load-carrying member by at least two, concentric bearings of replicate function and the apparatus preferably further consisting of a liquid collection means which surrounds horizontally the suspended centrifuge body during rotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 3, 1990
    Inventor: Ogle R. Singleton, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4743428
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for the agitation of base metal on alloy melts, and for the agitation and alloying of base metal melts with at least one alloying metal. A rotatable device is suspended in a melt of base metal and the device is rotated to draw at least a partial vortex in the melt. The device comprises a hollow cylinder having an open top and a closed bottom. An array of openings in the cylinder side wall is adapted to allow melt of the base metal to pass through. In the agitation of a base metal or alloy melt, the amount of dross formed on the melt is reduced. In alloying, the at least one alloying metal may be added directly to the melt or may be added in particulate form into the vortex in the device, the latter being particularly useful when the melting point of the alloying metal is higher than that of the base metal or alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Cominco Ltd.
    Inventors: Dale L. McRae, Robert D. H. Willans, Eric L. Mawer
  • Patent number: 4741463
    Abstract: A compact and re-usable ingate device for transferring molten metal to a mold during casting employs a substantially unitary structure resembling a trapezoidal block of refractory material. Within the block are a generally cylindrical rotation chamber, an inlet channel which receives the molten metal and injects it tangentially into the rotation chamber, so that the metal swirls rapidly to separate nonmetallic inclusions, and an outlet channel which conveys the cleaned metal to the mold. The rotation chamber may have a bottom that is positioned below the opening to the outlet channel and walls which slope outward slightly from the bottom to at least the opening, so that inclusions and metal that has solidified at the bottom can be removed from the rotation chamber. Alternately the outlet channel may open into the bottom at an eccentric position, so that all of the molten metal will be drained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1988
    Assignees: Chamotte- und Tonwerk Kurt Hagenburger, Georg Fischer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ernst Muller, Hans D. Grabowski, Hans-Joachim Bohm, Adolf Trautwein
  • Patent number: 4668272
    Abstract: A rotary heating apparatus, for example, for liquefying glass batch or the like, is provided with dynamic stability by isolating structural support elements from vessel elements that are subject to thermal distortion and by supporting the vessel so as to be self-centering. The preferred embodiment entails a support ring separate from the vessel, rotatably supported at an elevation above the center of gravity of the vessel, and attached to a lower portion of the vessel by way of a plurality of link rods. Horizontal force is applied to the support ring to damp oscillations of the vessel. Rotation of the ring may be on a conical track to aid self-centering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1987
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: George C. Newcamp, Robert F. Johnston, Jr., John F. McConnell, Paul R. Ross, Jr., Richard A. Caripolti, John W. Peter
  • Patent number: 4414016
    Abstract: Apparatus for the pelletization of heat-liquifiable materials, such as metallurgical slags, consists of feed means for the molten material, these feed means depositing the material on a downwardly-extending feed plate over which it flows while it is mixed with water, if water is necessary to promote the expansion of the molten material and for control of the cooling. The material then flows on to a first rotating radially-vaned drum or rotor by which it is projected into the air for simultaneous cooling and pelletization. The feed means comprises flow control means such that any flow greater than a predetermined maximum is fed onto a second feed plate disposed above the first, from which the excess molten material flows on to a second rotating radially-vaned drum or rotor operative in like manner to the first. The flow control means may comprise for example a dam over which the excess material flows.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1983
    Assignee: National Slag Limited
    Inventors: Michael Orlander, Robert P. Cotsworth, Peter A. MacKenzie
  • Patent number: 4405118
    Abstract: The apparatus for refining molten metals from insoluble impurities comprises a housing with a detachable base having an opening, a filtering device with a filtering member, mounted on the housing and operatively passing through the opening in the base, mechanisms for actuating the filtering member through rotation about its longitudinal axis and reciprocation along this axis, and a device for removing impurities from the apparatus. In accordance with the invention, a closed-loop trough is made in the detachable base around the opening for the passage of the filtering device, the device for removing impurities from the apparatus being accommodated within this trough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1983
    Inventors: Valentin I. Belsky, Serafim N. Suturin, Gennady I. Orlov, Anatoly V. Dolgov, Boris K. Goncharov, Vladimir I. Antonov, Jury A. Naryshkin
  • Patent number: 4366951
    Abstract: The apparatus comprises a housing, a filtering device, mechanisms for driving the filtering device, respectively, through rotation and reciprocation and a device for discharging impurities from the filtering device. The filtering device includes the top and bottom plates spaced from one another, the top plate being mounted on a hollow stem, and the bottom plate being mounted on another stem extending through the hollow one. In accordance with the invention, to adjust the spacing of the plates, the filtering device includes a resilient member supported by the stem extending through the hollow one and adapted to cooperate with the hollow stem so as to maintain the relative position of the plates. The end of the same stem extending through the hollow stem, remote from the bottom plate, carries a first abutment cooperating with the resilient member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1982
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1983
    Inventors: Valentin I. Belsky, Gennady I. Orlov, Serafim N. Suturin, Anatoly V. Dolgov, Vladimir I. Antonov, Jury A. Naryshkin
  • Patent number: 4261553
    Abstract: In many situations it is desirable for two or more liquid phases of different densities to be contained in a vessel with the upper phase out of contact with the vessel walls. Such a situation is the refining of molten metals, e.g., copper, wherein a layer of corrosive slag exists in the refining process above the molten metal. In conventional furnaces the slag will attack the furnace walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1981
    Assignee: National Research Development Corporation
    Inventor: James H. E. Jeffes
  • Patent number: 4242094
    Abstract: Developing dyes are especially easily produced by using preparations containing molar amounts of diazo or coupling components per weight or volume unit or a multiple or a fraction thereof in simple numerical ratios. Since the diazo component is the free finely dispersed amine these preparations are stable and allow the reaction of stoichiometric amounts. Thus, multicolor effects are feasible which hitherto could not be obtained at all or with difficulties only.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1980
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Erich Feess, Willy Gronen
  • Patent number: 4170344
    Abstract: An apparatus for the separation of components such as molten metals, compounds or metal containing slags centrifugally including a centrifugal body universally suspended including a hollow shaft with a concentric inlet opening at the bottom to be submerged beneath the surface of a liquid to be separated with the larger basket portion surrounding an upper portion of the shaft radially communicating openings and dual layered annular cooling sleeves surrounding the pipe and basket with means for conducting a cooling fluid therethrough and the fluid picking up heat in the submerged area and heating the tube at an upper portion thereof, and light component openings and heavy component openings leading radially outwardly from the basket being located at a radius larger than the radius of the inlet at the base of the tube and successively larger than each other with the tube in one form having a ceramic mouth at the base and a collar insert, and in one form, flaring radially outwardly in an upward direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1978
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1979
    Assignee: Klockner-Humbolt-Deutz AG
    Inventors: Friedrich Megerle, Alfred Kryczun, Willy Jakobs
  • Patent number: 4137073
    Abstract: A method for treating hot skim material to separate, recover, and prepare for use both aluminum and non-aluminous constituents contained in the hot skim materials involves a centrifuge having a rotatable bowl to receive a charge of skim material. The centrifuge then both consolidates the non-aluminous constituents thereof into a semi-porous cake and separates and discharges molten aluminum as the bowl is rotated. The semi-porous cake is cooled and found to be friable. Thereafter, the friable cake is crushed and screened to be used as a foaming and extending agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1979
    Assignee: Reynolds Metals Company
    Inventor: Ogle R. Singleton
  • Patent number: 4063721
    Abstract: A method for the separation of segregations from material mixtures is dissed. The method is particularly suited for the sedimentation of high-melting metal alloys and their impurities. In the method, material mixtures are introduced into the heatable rotor of a centrifuge disposed in a cooled vacuum. The rotor is subjected stepwise to the influence of changing gravitational accelerations as well as to a heat shock treatment varying in temperature level and/or duration. Equipment for execution of the method is also disclosed. The rotor of the centrifuge consists of several layers and includes a basic part whose outer surface is braced by a compound material bandage. The inner surface of the rotor is provided with a heat-deflecting, protective coating. A non-rotating cooling means and a central heat source are accommodated inside the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1976
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1977
    Assignee: Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
    Inventor: Hans Leis
  • Patent number: 4036480
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for centrifugal separation of hot materials such as molten metals and slag including feeding the metal and slag mixture into a rotational separator drum having a center inlet at one end and coaxial outlets at the other end, a burner shell within the center of the drum chamber having radial outlet holes and a burner therein with the flame gases flowing outwardly through the radial outlet holes and over the surface of the material being separated heating the material and the flame gases being conducted out the outlet end for continual circulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1977
    Assignee: Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Willy Jakobs, Alfred Kryczun
  • Patent number: 4033563
    Abstract: A mechanism for the centrifugal separation of mixtures of molten metals and slag, including a rotary housing supported at its upper end by a gimbal ring mounted in an annular ball bearing assembly with the housing including an annular outer wall having an upwardly extending neck connected to the gimbal ring with a rotational drive thereon, an insert sleeve concentric with the outer wall and having a mineral wool insulation therebetween and an inner casing within the sleeve with an inlet opening at the upper end of the inner casing and discharge openings at the lower end of the inner casing with spacers between the casing and sleeve and mountings between the outer wall and sleeve providing for quick disconnection and axial removal of the sleeve and casing from the outer wall, and with a concentrically mounted heater extending upwardly through outlet openings in the base of the inner casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1977
    Assignee: Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Willy Jakobs, Alfred Kryczun
  • Patent number: 4032122
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method and apparatus for recovering small particles of gold or platinum from a slurry by feeding the slurry onto a layer of Mercury which is flowing downwardly along a generally conical, downwardly converging inner wall of a housing. The housing is rotated about the vertical axis of the conical wall at a speed which induces particles to settle out or a malgamate with the layer of Mercury and causes the remainder of the slurry to move upwardly over the Mercury layer and out of the housing. Upon collection and separation of the particles therefrom, the Mercury is returned to the housing for resupply to the inner wall thereof so as to maintain a continuous layer of Mercury.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1977
    Inventor: Edward O. Anders
  • Patent number: 4029302
    Abstract: A device is provided for separating, or dividing, mixtures of at least partially molten metals and/or metal compounds into at least two phases of different density. Said device comprises a centrifugal drum having supply means for the molten mixture in one end wall of the drum and at least one outlet opening for each of said phases in the region of the opposite end wall of the drum, the outlet opening, or openings, for a phase of greater density being disposed at a greater distance from the axis of rotation of the drum than the outlet opening, or openings, for a phase of less density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1974
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1977
    Assignee: Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz AG
    Inventors: Helmut Winterhager, Roland Kammel, Michael Lucke
  • Patent number: 4017307
    Abstract: Starting materials continuously charged into a cyclone reactor are continuously discharged in molten state into a flow-through buffer hearth chamber from which the gases are withdrawn, the molten materials flowing continuously as received at one end of a relatively short flow area along the bottom of the chamber toward the opposite end of the chamber from which the molten materials are continuously discharged downwardly into the top of an upright axis centrifugal separator in which the materials are centrifugally separated into a metallic phase and a slag phase and respectively discharged through exits at the lower end of the separator and offset from the axis of the separator and radially spaced from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1977
    Assignee: Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Helmut Winterhager, Roland Kammel, Horst Weigel
  • Patent number: 4003559
    Abstract: An apparatus for separating and recovering metallic zinc from an ash-like solid substance composed of a mixture of metallic zinc, zinc oxide and other zinc containing materials is disclosed. This apparatus comprises a saucer-like container of an inverse cone form for receiving dross and a plurality of agitating scraper plates disposed in said container to squeeze out metallic zinc from the dross, discharge means for metallic zinc and discharge means for secondary dross being mounted on an opening formed on the bottom of said cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1975
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1977
    Assignee: Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kiyoharu Kuwano, Yukio Kanbara
  • Patent number: 3972514
    Abstract: The centrifuge consists of a hollow housing disposed wherein is a hollow bowl containing a hollow pusher whose side wall is formed by the side wall of the bowl. The hollow pusher is capable of reciprocating inside the bowl, being attached to the piston rod of a hydraulic cylinder.Provided in the end face of the bowl is a loading port serving to admit metal into the pusher. The side wall of the bowl is provided with ports for discharging the products of refining separately. The housing is fitted with annular partitions and with a contrivance for feeding a coolant to the external surface of the bowl within a solid portion. The side wall of the housing is provided with ports for the discharging of the products of refining.The centrifuge is adapted for the refining of a metal heated up to around The metal is cooled down during the centrifugation, and the fact enables consequent intensification of the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1976
    Inventors: Bogdan Vyacheslavovich Voitsekhovsky, Anatoly Vladimirovich Dolgov
  • Patent number: H262
    Abstract: A method of and system for removing silicon from a high temperature liquid sodium coolant system for a nuclear reactor. The sodium is cooled to a temperature below the silicon saturation temperature and retained at such reduced temperature while inducing high turbulence into the sodium flow for promoting precipitation of silicon compounds and ultimate separation of silicon compound particles from the liquid sodium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Wayne H. Yunker, David W. Christiansen