By Stirring Or Mixing Molten Metal Patents (Class 266/233)
  • Patent number: 10731922
    Abstract: A metal scrap submergence device comprising an open top chamber including walls of a heat resistant material, an inlet positioned in the chamber, an outlet positioned in the base of the chamber, and a ramp adjacent the side wall of the chamber. The device further including a removable vane, an inwardly or outwardly sloped ramp surface, and/or diverter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: PYROTEK, INC.
    Inventors: Richard S. Henderson, Jason Tetkoskie, Chris T. Vild, Edward Shilling
  • Patent number: 10488113
    Abstract: A method of driving conductive molten metal and a melting furnace, the method including making direct current flow vertically between a first electrode, and applying a magnetic field radially toward the center of a melting chamber from the outside of the melting furnace or toward the outside of the melting furnace from the center of the melting chamber to apply torque. The method further includes rotating the molten metal by the torque to discharge the molten metal to a holding furnace, which is provided on the melting chamber, from an outlet opening of a partition plate provided between the melting chamber and the holding furnace and to suck the molten metal, which is present in the holding furnace, from an inlet opening of the partition plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Inventor: Kenzo Takahashi
  • Patent number: 10274256
    Abstract: A system for removing molten metal from a vessel is disclosed. The system includes a vessel having a first section and a second section and a pump positioned in the first section of the vessel. As the pump operates it moves molten metal through a pump discharge and through an opening into the second section of the vessel, where the molten metal reaches a vessel outlet and exits the vessel. The pump discharge is preferably formed at an angle to the vessel outlet. The outlet may be attached to a launder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, LLC
    Inventor: Paul V. Cooper
  • Patent number: 10268158
    Abstract: A drive transmission device, which is included in an image forming apparatus, includes an output body, an input body, and an intermediate body. The output body has a drive output portion. The input body has a drive input portion. The intermediate body is supported by a support side body that is one of the output body and the input body. The intermediate body includes a relay portion to receive a driving force applied by the drive output portion and to transmit the driving force to the drive input portion, and a retaining portion to prevent the intermediate body from falling from the support side body. A distance from a center of rotation of the intermediate body to a leading end of the retaining portion is greater than or equal to a distance from the center of rotation of the intermediate body to a leading end of the relay portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: RICOH COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventor: Hiroaki Takagi
  • Patent number: 10138892
    Abstract: A molten metal rotor receives and retains an end of a molten metal rotor shaft. The rotor shaft has one or more projections at the end received in the rotor. The rotor has an inner cavity, a top surface with an opening leading to the inner cavity, and at least one abutment. The opening includes one or more portions for allowing each projection to pass through the opening and into the inner cavity. The rotor and/or shaft are then rotated so at least one of the outwardly-extending projections is under the top surface of the rotor and is against an abutment. A molten metal pump, rotary degasser scrap melter or other device used in molten metal may utilize a rotor/shaft combination as disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, LLC
    Inventor: Paul V. Cooper
  • Patent number: 9920992
    Abstract: A metal scrap submergence device comprising an open top chamber including walls of a heat resistant material, an inlet positioned in a side wall of the chamber, an outlet positioned in the base of said chamber, and a ramp adjacent said side wall of the chamber. The side wall further includes a feature affecting molten metal flow. The feature can include, for example, a baffle, a vane, a passage, a diverging or converging shape and combinations thereof. Similarly, the molten metal flow can be affected by slanting the ramp inwardly or outwardly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: PYROTEK, INC.
    Inventors: Richard S. Henderson, Jason Tetkoskie, Chris T. Vild
  • Patent number: 9602042
    Abstract: A load current value I of a motor rotationally driving an impeller is read out when the impeller is rotated at a predetermined set rotational speed X0, and the rotational speed of the impeller is increased so that the load current value I becomes equal to or larger than a threshold value I0 when it is determined that the load current value I is smaller than the predetermined threshold value I0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: NISSHIN STEEL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shintarou Tada, Masayuki Sugimura
  • Patent number: 9566645
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems for transferring molten metal from one structure to another. Aspects of the invention include a transfer chamber constructed inside of or next to a vessel used to retain molten metal. The transfer chamber is in fluid communication with the vessel so molten metal from the vessel can enter the transfer chamber. A powered device, which may be inside of the transfer chamber, moves molten metal upward and out of the transfer chamber and preferably into a structure outside of the vessel, such as another vessel or a launder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, LLC
    Inventors: Paul V. Cooper, Vincent D. Fontana
  • Patent number: 9377028
    Abstract: A system for applying tension to a component for use in molten metal processing. Preferably, the component includes an outer core and at least one tension rod positioned partially within the outer core. The component is preferably elongated, such as a support post or an impeller shaft. The tension rod applies compression to the outer cover, which makes the outer cover more resistant to breakage if it strikes, or is stricken by, an object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, LLC
    Inventor: Paul V. Cooper
  • Patent number: 9186725
    Abstract: The present invention provides a carriage to transport a ladle and to transfer molten metal into equipment for pouring (hereafter, transfer carriage) whereby the investment cost can be reduced by having the equipment made compact, and the temperature of the molten metal can be maintained high, and the cycle time can be reduced, because the time to transport the molten metal can be less. Further, the present invention provides a transportation line for transporting the molten metal. This line requires a smaller space for its installation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignees: SINTOKOGIO, LTD., FUJIWA DENKI CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Tamotsu
  • Publication number: 20150123325
    Abstract: The present invention includes a first injection tube for supplying a colloidal medium, a storage part connected to the first injection tube for receiving the colloidal medium through the first injection tube, a second injection tube connected to the storage part for supplying a colloid, a discharge tube connected to both the storage part and the second injection tube for discharging the colloidal medium coming from the storage part and the colloid coming from the second injection tube, and a free surface inversion part for inverting the free surface of the liquid in the second injection tube so as to mix the colloidal medium and the colloid in the discharge tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Kyong Whoan Lee, Keoung-Hwa Lee, Hyun Jong Kim, Sang Mok Lee, Je Sik Shin, Young Cheol Lee
  • Patent number: 8992705
    Abstract: During a process of cooling a hypereutectic Al—Si alloy melt, ultrasonic vibration is applied to the melt to crystallize primary crystal ?-Al using, in combination, an ultrasonic transducer (8) that generates the ultrasonic vibration, an ultrasonic horn (7) that is connected to the ultrasonic transducer (8) and transmits the ultrasonic vibration in a specified direction, a treatment vessel (2) that holds the melt and is in contact with the ultrasonic horn (7), and a treatment vessel fixing device (3) that fixes the treatment vessel (2) by pressing the treatment vessel toward the ultrasonic horn (7).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Toyota School Foundation
    Inventors: Yuichi Furukawa, Yoshiki Tsunekawa
  • Publication number: 20150082942
    Abstract: An objective of the present invention is, in refining a metal or a semiconductor melt, without impairing refining efficiency, to alleviate wear and tear commensurate with unevenness in a crucible caused by instability in melt flow, and to allow safe operation over long periods of time such that leakages from the crucible do not occur. Provided is a metal or semiconductor melt refining method, in which, by using an AC resistance heating heater as a crucible heating method, the melt is heat retained and mixed by a rotating magnetic field which is generated by the resistance heating heater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: SILICIO FERROSOLAR S.L.
    Inventors: Yutaka Kishida, Hitoshi Dohnomae, Jiro Kondo, Kiyoshi Goto, Wataru Ohashi
  • Patent number: 8876934
    Abstract: An apparatus for electromagnetic stirring of the steel melt in an electrical arc furnace includes two electromagnetic stirrer units, a current supply, and a control unit. The two stirrers are mounted on an outer bottom surface of the electrical arc furnace at opposites sides of a central position of the bottom surface, the current supply is operatively connected to the two electromagnetic stirrer units, and the control unit is operatively connected to the current supply to control the operation of the two electromagnetic stirrer units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: ABB Research Ltd.
    Inventors: Jan-Erik Eriksson, Mohamed Ali Rahmani, Ola Widlund, Olof Hjortstam, Rebei Bel Fdhila, Shiva Sander-Tavallaey, Ulf Sand, Xiaojing Zhang, Tord Kroon
  • Publication number: 20140284854
    Abstract: A metal melting furnace includes: a furnace body including a storage space storing molten metal; a vortex chamber body including a vortex chamber communicating with the storage space, the vortex chamber body including a partition plate serving as a drop weir uprightly formed inside the vortex chamber, the partition plate disposed at a communication side with respect to the storage space in the vortex chamber so that the longitudinal direction of the partition plate follows the communication direction and divides the communication side to form first and second vortex chamber openings positioned at both sides of the partition plate and communicating with both the storage space and the vortex chamber; and a molten metal whirling gap formed between a front end portion of the partition plate positioned inside of the vortex chamber in the longitudinal direction and an inner wall of the vortex chamber body facing the front end portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: Kenzo Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20140252698
    Abstract: A magnetic pump in a pump well in a molten metal furnace with a long, relatively thin side wall that wraps around a significant fraction of the circumference of the pump, which facilitates creation of an eddy current based flow field in the molten material with better magnetic coupling, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of the pump. Breach of the well wall will not result in spillage of metal outside the furnace, and the well can be monitored for any such breach or other change so that the pump can be lifted out of the well to protect it from contact with the molten metal in the event of such a breach, or other appropriate action can be taken.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: NOVELIS INC.
    Inventor: EDWIN L. RAUCH
  • Publication number: 20140252697
    Abstract: A magnetic pump in a pump well in a molten metal furnace with a long, relatively thin side wall that wraps around a significant fraction of the circumference of the pump, which facilitates creation of an eddy current based flow field in the molten material with better magnetic coupling, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of the pump. Breach of the well wall will not result in spillage of metal outside the furnace, and the well can be monitored for any such breach or other change so that the pump can be lifted out of the well to protect it from contact with the molten metal in the event of such a breach, or other appropriate action can be taken.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: NOVELIS INC.
    Inventor: EDWIN L. RAUCH
  • Publication number: 20140232048
    Abstract: In accordance with one aspect of an exemplary embodiment, a furnace including a charge well is provided. The charge well comprises an open top chamber including side and base walls of a heat resistant material. An inlet is provided in a side wall of the chamber for receiving molten metal. A ramp is provided adjacent the side wall and an inner wall forms a central cavity. The ramp is disposed between the inner wall and the side wall. The ramp is generally inclined from an intersection with the base wall to adjacent a top surface of the inner wall. The cavity is in fluid communication with an outlet. A passage in the inner wall provides fluid communication between the inlet and the cavity. The inlet and an outlet each receives a conduit and at least one of the conduits can include an elbow joint.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: PYROTEK, INC.
    Inventors: Roger Howitt, Jim Grayson, Mark Bolton, Paul Bosworth
  • Publication number: 20140210145
    Abstract: A metal melting furnace includes: a furnace body which includes a storage space storing molten metal; a vortex chamber body which includes a vortex chamber capable of communicating with the storage space of the furnace body; and a drop weir part which changes a communication state and an interruption state between the storage space and the vortex chamber, wherein the drop weir part includes a blind drop weir and an opening type drop weir which are formed as separate members, wherein at least the blind drop weir is movable up and down with respect to the vortex chamber body and is selectively positioned at an upward movement position and a downward movement position so as to switch the communication state and the interruption state, and wherein the opening type drop weir includes notches which communicate the vortex chamber and the storage space with each other in the communication state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventor: Kenzo Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20140047952
    Abstract: A device and method for removing impurities in aluminum melt. The device comprises an upper furnace body, a lower furnace body, an intermediate partition plate, a crucible, heating elements and a charging opening. The intermediate partition plate is mounted between the upper furnace body and the lower furnace body. The upper furnace body, a mixing chamber and the heating element are above the intermediate partition plate. The crucible is amounted in the lower furnace body. The heating element is provided around the lower furnace body. The lower furnace body is provided with the charging opening and a pipeline. The upper furnace body is provided with an inlet valve and an exhaust valve. The mixing chamber and the crucible are connected by a jet pipe passing through the intermediate partition plate. A ceramic seal pad is used for sealing between the mixing chamber and the jet pipe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: GUANGXI UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Jianmin Zeng
  • Patent number: 8651169
    Abstract: An arc melting furnace apparatus is provided which reduces an operation burden on a worker and shortens working hours. An arc melting furnace apparatus 1 includes a housing 2 having formed therein a melting chamber 2a, a hearth 4 provided within the melting chamber 2a and having a recessed portion 4a, and a heating mechanism 10 for heating and melting a metal material supplied into the recessed portion 4 to generate an alloy ingot. The apparatus comprises a turning member 23 rotatably supported on a supporting member 21 standing within the melting chamber 2a, a perimeter edge of the turning member 23 rotating and moving along the inner surface of the recessed portion 4a to lift the alloy ingot generated in the recessed portion 4a above the hearth 4 and turn it over, and a resilient turn-over assisting member 24 provided above an upper end of the recessed portion 4a.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Diavac Limited, Tohoku Techno Arch Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaki Nagata, Motohiro Kameyama, Yoshihiko Yokoyama, Akihisa Inoue
  • Publication number: 20130320602
    Abstract: An apparatus for melting a solid metal having a vortex chamber disposed within the apparatus, the vortex chamber having an inlet and an outlet, and a molten metal mover configured to move molten metal within the apparatus into the vortex chamber and disposed proximate to the entrance of the vortex chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: GORS LTD.
    Inventors: Eduard ISIDOROV, Genadijs ISIDOROVS, Aleksandrs ISIDOROVS
  • Patent number: 8599899
    Abstract: An agitation device, a melting apparatus, and a melting method for improving melting efficiency of molten metal without contaminating the same. The agitation device is provided with a traveling magnetic field generating unit which is disposed outside a charging tank for storing molten metal and generates, inside the charging tank, a magnetic field that travels downward along the rear sidewall of the charging tank. A flow of the molten metal that rotates longitudinally about an axis approximately parallel to the surface of the molten metal is produced in the molten metal. By charging aluminum cutting chips into the molten metal in which the flow is produced, the aluminum cutting chips move with a downward flow of the molten metal, and are immersed in the molten metal. As a result, melting of the aluminum cutting chips can be accelerated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shinichi Koriyama, Takashi Hirai
  • Publication number: 20130269483
    Abstract: An apparatus for electromagnetic stirring of the steel melt in an electrical arc furnace includes two electromagnetic stirrer units, a current supply, and a control unit. The two stirrers are mounted on an outer bottom surface of the electrical arc furnace at opposites sides of a central position of the bottom surface, the current supply is operatively connected to the two electromagnetic stirrer units, and the control unit is operatively connected to the current supply to control the operation of the two electromagnetic stirrer units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Jan-Erik Eriksson, Mohamed Ali Rahmani, Ola Widlund, Olof Hjortstam, Rebei Bel Fdhila, Shiva Sander-Tavallaey, Ulf Sand, Xiaojing Zhang, Tord Kroon
  • Publication number: 20130228045
    Abstract: This invention relates to an apparatus (high shear device) and method for treating liquid metals by intensive melt shearing. The apparatus comprises a stator and a rotor with a small gap between them to provide intensive melt shearing for dispersing efficiently and distributing uniformly gas, liquid and solid phases in liquid metals without severe turbulence at the melt surface. The device can be extended to a multistage high shear pump by arranging individual rotor/stator assemblies either concentrically (one in another) or vertically. The device and high shear pump can be readily integrated into existing casting processes. The device is suitable for use in casting processes including high pressure die casting, low pressure die casting, gravity die casting, sand casting, investment casting, direct chill casting, twin roll casting, and any other casting process which requires liquid metal as a feedstock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: Brunel University
    Inventors: Zhongyun Fan, Bo Jiang, Yubo Zuo
  • Patent number: 8524146
    Abstract: Disclosed are degassers, couplings, impeller shafts and impellers for use in molten metal. One such coupling transfers gas into an impeller shaft, the coupling having a smooth, tapered internal surface to align with a corresponding surface on the impeller shaft and help prevent gas leakage and to assist in preventing damage to the impeller shaft. Improved impellers for shearing and mixing gas are also disclosed, as is a degasser including one or more of these components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Inventor: Paul V. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20130199338
    Abstract: A metal reclaiming system and method for reclaiming metal from scrap material is provided. The system has a furnace (12) and a controller (106) for controlling operation of the system. The controller (106) operates the metal reclaiming system in a first operating mode in which the furnace (12) is operated at a first temperature in the range of 350° C. to 550° C. to incinerate pollutants and drive off volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the scrap material without melting the metal. The controller (106) is operates the metal reclaiming system in a subsequent operating mode in which the furnace (12) is operated at a further, higher temperature to melt metal in the said scrap for reclaiming.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: Chinook Sciences, Limited
    Inventors: Rifat Al Chalabi, Ophneil Henry Perry
  • Patent number: 8501084
    Abstract: An improved post clamp for a molten metal pump includes a support post clamp that supports the weight of a pump superstructure on the top of the support posts. The clamp preferably includes (a) a bottom flange for connecting to the pump superstructure, (b) a cavity for receiving an end of a support post, wherein the end has a top surface, and (c) a top flange for being positioned above the top surface. In operation the top flange rests on the top surface of the support post thereby supporting at least part of the weight of the superstructure. It is preferred that a plurality of support posts and post clamps according to the invention be used with a molten metal pump wherein the top surface of each support post supports some of the weight of the superstructure. Also disclosed are novel support posts that may be used with the post clamp, and a pump in which the post clamp and/or support posts may be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Inventor: Paul V. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20130161881
    Abstract: A metal melting apparatus has a heating furnace, a melting furnace mounted on the heating furnace, a high-cycle regenerative system (FIRS), a raw material feeding device and a melted material feeding device mounted on the melting furnace. The HRS heats and recycles high temperature air in the heating furnace and guides the high temperature air to the preheating screw to preheat metal materials in the preheating screw. Thus, a time for melting the metal materials from solid to liquid is greatly shortened. Furthermore, a series of processes for preheating the metal materials in the raw material feeding device, melting the metal materials in the melting furnace and injecting the molten materials to the molds is fluent, time-saving and safe, and can progress continuously.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventor: Shao-Hua Lu
  • Publication number: 20130154168
    Abstract: Apparatuses, systems, and methods discussed herein facilitate processing of, and thermal recovery from, material such as slag. A disk assembly is configured to process material. One or more heat exchangers are configured to extract heat that is already present in the material, heat generated during processing, or both. A thermal transfer system is configured to transfer heat away from the disk assembly, away from the one or more heat exchangers, or both.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Inventor: Virgil Dewitt Perryman
  • Patent number: 8420008
    Abstract: An exemplary embodiment of the invention provides a side well for a metal melting furnace. The side well comprises an insulated body having a front wall adapted to form part of an insulated side wall of a metal melting furnace and a top, a cavity within the body including a single upright well having a cylindrical wall adjacent to a closed bottom of the cavity, an entrance to the cavity at the top of the insulated body, a metal inlet channel leading directly into the cavity from an inlet aperture in the front wall, and a metal outlet channel leading directly from the cavity to a metal outlet aperture in the front wall. The side well includes a rotatable impeller having a vertical rotatable shaft and at least one vaned section positioned at a lower end of the rotatable shaft; wherein the impeller extends into the cavity with the vaned section positioned in the well adjacent to the cylindrical wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Novelis Inc.
    Inventor: Edwin L. Rauch
  • Publication number: 20120168040
    Abstract: During a process of cooling a hypereutectic Al—Si alloy melt, ultrasonic vibration is applied to the melt to crystallize primary crystal ?-Al using, in combination, an ultrasonic transducer (8) that generates the ultrasonic vibration, an ultrasonic horn (7) that is connected to the ultrasonic transducer (8) and transmits the ultrasonic vibration in a specified direction, a treatment vessel (2) that holds the melt and is in contact with the ultrasonic horn (7), and a treatment vessel fixing device (3) that fixes the treatment vessel (2) by pressing the treatment vessel toward the ultrasonic horn (7).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Applicants: TOYOTA SCHOOL FOUNDATION, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Yuichi Furukawa, Yoshiki Tsunekawa
  • Patent number: 8178036
    Abstract: An impeller for dispersing gas into molten metal includes a rectangular prism body having upper and lower faces and four side walls. The body has an opening extending through the upper and lower faces and defines a hub around the opening on the upper face. The impeller further includes a plurality of elongate grooves extending radially outwardly from the hub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Pyrotek, Inc.
    Inventors: David Neff, Richard S. Henderson, Lennard D. Lutes, James Grayson
  • Patent number: 8137612
    Abstract: The present invention provides an apparatus for manufacturing stoichiometric Mg2Ni compound applicable to industry and capable of manufacturing continuously. The apparatus mainly comprises: a vacuum chamber, comprising a material feeding tube; a first crucible, set in the vacuum chamber; a heating device, set on the first crucible; a stirring device, set in the vacuum chamber, and above the first crucible; and a second crucible, set in the vacuum chamber, and on one side of the first crucible. Through this apparatus, a stoichiometric ?-phase Mg2Ni hydrogen storage compound with an exactly atomic ratio of 2:1, without other phases, and with excellent hydrogen absorption-desorption dynamics is given and the rest waste magnesium-rich liquid can be recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology, Armaments Bureau, M.N.D
    Inventors: Yuan-Pang Wu, Hui-Yun Bor, Cheng Yang, Ming Han Liu
  • Publication number: 20120042751
    Abstract: Methods for degassing and for removing impurities from molten metals are disclosed. These methods can include operating an ultrasonic device in a molten metal bath, and adding a purging gas into the molten metal bath through the tip of the ultrasonic device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Publication date: February 23, 2012
    Inventors: Victor F. Rundquist, Kevin S. Gill
  • Publication number: 20110197709
    Abstract: Provided are an agitation device, a melting apparatus, and a melting method which achieve good melting efficiency without contaminating molten metal. The agitation device is provided with a traveling magnetic field generating unit which is disposed outside a charging tank for storing molten metal and generates, inside the charging tank, a magnetic field that travels downward along the rear sidewall of the charging tank, whereby a flow of the molten metal that rotates longitudinally about an axis approximately parallel to the surface of the molten metal is produced in the molten metal. By charging aluminum cutting chips into the molten metal in which the flow is produced, the aluminum cutting chips move with the flow of the molten metal, get into the molten metal roughly in the position where a downward flow of the molten metal is produced, and are immersed in the molten metal, and thus the melting of the aluminum cutting chips is accelerated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Shinichi Koriyama, Takashi Hirai
  • Patent number: 7972556
    Abstract: An electromagnetic stirring apparatus includes a vessel (2) for containing an electroconductive material in a molten state, such as a molten metal (1); an axially traveling magnetic field generating coil (3) for generating magnetic line of force (15) in an axial direction of the vessel (2) towards the molten metal (1) contained in the vessel (2) from an outside of the vessel (2); and a strip-shaped magnetic plate (4) disposed between the coil (3) and the vessel (2). Portions (11) where an axial electromagnetic force is generated in the molten metal contained in the vessel by the coil (3), and portions (10) into which a magnetic field is prevented by the magnetic plate (4) from locally entering, are formed in the vessel (2), whereby a circumferential pressure gradient is generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry
    Inventors: Hideo Araseki, Hirofumi Kasahara
  • Publication number: 20110089567
    Abstract: The invention provides a technique and a device that dramatically improve joint reliability of miniature joints of fine electronic components. According to the invention, when producing a tin or a solder alloy used for electronic components, an ingot of a tin or a solder alloy is heated, melted and delivered to a reactor. Also, a solution containing organic acid having a carboxyl group (—COOH) is delivered to the reactor. After stirring and mixing the two liquids intensively, the mixed liquid is separated into a molten tin or a molten solder alloy liquid and an organic acid solution according to the difference in specific gravity. Then, the respective liquids are circulated to the reactor, and the metal oxides and the impurities existing in the molten tin or the molten solder alloy are removed, and the molten tin or the molten alloy is purified to have oxygen concentration of 5 ppm or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Publication date: April 21, 2011
    Inventors: Hisao Ishikawa, Masanori Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 7815846
    Abstract: An agitator for applying an alternating field to a melting furnace main body in order to melt a row material to form a melt includes a plurality of magnets, which are arranged so that magnetic lines of force emitted from one of the magnets pass through the melt in the melting furnace main body and return to another magnet, the magnets being fixed to an inclined surface which is inclined by an angle with respect to a horizontal surface, and being rotatable around an axis substantially perpendicular to the inclined surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Inventor: Kenzo Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20100192727
    Abstract: An apparatus 2 and method for mixing, agitating and transporting a slurry of molten or semi-solid metal or metal-matrix composite material including a casing 1 for containment of the slurry. An electrical conductor means 10 applies to the slurry a moving magnetic field to induce flow thereof. A component 7,8 is secured and located within the casing to modify the flow pattern of the slurry induced by the moving magnetic field.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2005
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Inventor: Graham Rex Withers
  • Patent number: 7744729
    Abstract: An acoustic system for applying vibratory energy including a horn connected to an ultrasonic energy source. The horn defines an overall length and wavelength, and at least a leading section thereof is comprised of a ceramic material. The leading section has a length of at least ? the horn wavelength. In one preferred embodiment, an entirety of the horn is a ceramic material, and is mounted to a separate component, such as a waveguide, via an interference fit. Regardless, by utilizing a ceramic material for at least a significant portion of the horn, the ultrasonic system of the present invention facilitates long-term operation in extreme environments such as high temperature and/or corrosive fluid mediums. The present invention is useful for fabrication of metal matrix composite wires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Satinder K. Nayar, Ronald W. Gerdes, Michael W. Carpenter, Kamal E. Amin
  • Patent number: 7736586
    Abstract: There is provided a melting furnace with an agitator. The melting furnace with an agitator includes a melting furnace that contains melt, and an agitator that agitates the melt by an electromagnetic force. The agitator includes a first electrode that is provided at an arbitrary position of the melting furnace so as to come in contact with the melt contained in the melting furnace, a second electrode that is provided near a bottom wall of the melting furnace so as to come in contact with the melt, a first magnetic field device that is provided outside the melting furnace so as to face the bottom wall of the melting furnace and makes a north pole face the bottom wall, and a second magnetic field device that is provided outside the melting furnace so as to face the bottom wall of the melting furnace and makes a south pole face the bottom wall. The first and second magnetic field devices are disposed with a gap in a certain direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Inventor: Kenzo Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7731823
    Abstract: An acoustic system for applying vibratory energy including a horn connected to an ultrasonic energy source. The horn defines an overall length and wavelength, and at least a leading section thereof is comprised of a ceramic material. The leading section has a length of at least ? the horn wavelength. In one preferred embodiment, an entirety of the horn is a ceramic material, and is mounted to a separate component, such as a waveguide, via an interference fit. Regardless, by utilizing a ceramic material for at least a significant portion of the horn, the ultrasonic system of the present invention facilitates long-term operation in extreme environments such as high temperature and/or corrosive fluid mediums. The present invention is useful for fabrication of metal matrix composite wires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Satinder K. Nayar, Ronald W. Gerdes, Michael W. Carpenter, Kamal E. Amin
  • Publication number: 20100101371
    Abstract: A rotary device for treating molten metal, said device comprising a hollow shaft (30) at one end of which is a rotor (40), said rotor (40) having:—a roof (42) and a base (44), said roof (42) and base (44) being spaced apart and connected by a plurality of dividers (50); a passage (52) being defined between each adjacent pair of dividers (50) and the roof (42) and the base (44), each passage (52) having an inlet (54) in an inner surface of the rotor (40) and an outlet (56) in a peripheral surface of the rotor (40), each outlet (56) having a greater cross-sectional area than the respective inlet (54) and being disposed radially outward therefrom; a flow path being defined through the shaft (30) into the inlets (54) of the passages (52) and out of the outlets (56); and a chamber (48) in which mixing of the molten metal and gas can take place; wherein a plurality of first cut-outs (58a) are provided in the roof (42) and a plurality of second cut outs (58b) are provided in the base (44), each of the first and seco
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2008
    Publication date: April 29, 2010
    Inventor: Dirk Schmeisser
  • Patent number: 7666347
    Abstract: A melting apparatus facilitates the melting of pieces of solid metal in a bath of molten metal (10). The melting apparatus comprises a device (18) having a lower portion (22), an upper portion (20), and a body portion (24) extending therebetween. Solid metal is introduced into the device (18) through the upper portion (20). A flow inducer, such as an impeller (28) induces flow of molten metal through the device (18). Flow straighteners, such as baffles (38) encourage axial flow of molten metal through the device (18). The body portion (24) is formed with a plurality of apertures (36) therein and the device (18) is arranged, in use, with the lower portion (22) and the plurality of apertures (36) positioned within the bath (10) and the upper portion (20) positioned above the upper surface (12) and the molten metal bath (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Advanced Magnesium Technologies Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Dag Baekkedal, Jan August Bolstad, Paul McGlade, John Adrian Calvi
  • Patent number: 7645418
    Abstract: A gas purge device for a metallurgical melting vessel includes a conically shaped ceramic body (2) in contact at its top side with heat contained in the melting vessel. The ceramic body has a static external element and an internal element axially movable therein. A pneumatic drive axially moves the internal element to and fro relative to the external element between a closed position and an open position. The spring force of a spring retains the internal element in the closed position. The device furthermore includes a gas-tight enclosed volume arranged at the bottom side of the ceramic body the volume being connected to a gas supply duct for introduction of purge gas. A deformable membrane is connected to the internal element with the pressure difference between the purge gas pressure prevailing in the gas-tight enclosed volume and the ambient pressure acting upon the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2010
    Inventors: Stefan Munding, Germann Munding
  • Patent number: 7531126
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a powder fabricating apparatus. It is an object of the present invention to provide the powder fabricating apparatus, which is capable of obtaining metal powder in a rapid and continuous fashion, various kinds of oxide, or alloy powder. The powder fabricating apparatus for achieving the object of the present invention comprises a barrel wherein an inlet and an outlet are formed at both opposite ends thereof, respectively; a screw which is rotationally mounted in the barrel and by which reactant supplied from the inlet moves toward the outlet; a driving portion for causing a relative rotational motion between the screw and the barrel; reaction control means for controlling reaction conditions of the reactant which moves in the barrel; and a controller for controlling the driving portion and the reaction control means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2009
    Inventor: Jae-Wan Oh
  • Patent number: 7297238
    Abstract: An acoustic system for applying vibratory energy including a horn connected to an ultrasonic energy source. The horn defines an overall length and wavelength, and at least a leading section thereof is comprised of a ceramic material. The leading section has a length of at least ? the horn wavelength. In one preferred embodiment, an entirety of the horn is a ceramic material, and is mounted to a separate component, such as a waveguide, via an interference fit. Regardless, by utilizing a ceramic material for at least a significant portion of the horn, the ultrasonic system of the present invention facilitates long-term operation in extreme environments such as high temperature and/or corrosive fluid mediums. The present invention is useful for fabrication of metal matrix composite wires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2007
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Satinder K. Nayar, Ronald W. Gerdes, Michael W. Carpenter, Kamal E. Amin
  • Patent number: 7010941
    Abstract: A structural component for a device for the treatment of melts, especially of glass melts, having a base body of metal or of a metal alloy and a cooling system in which a cooling medium is led through the structural component for the leading-off of heat. The base body is provided with a coating of a material the decomposition temperature of which lies below the temperature of the melt, and the cooling system is designed and arranged in such manner that the temperature of the boundary layer of the melt that immediately surrounds the structural component lies below the decomposition temperature of the coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2006
    Assignee: Schott AG
    Inventors: Christian Kunert, Uwe Kolberg, Werner Kiefer, Hildegard Römer, Volker Ohmstede
  • Patent number: 6893607
    Abstract: A metal melting closed furnace which includes a main chamber, a circulation well connected to the main chamber by a communications passageway and a vortex well having a exit outlet for molten metal into the main chamber. A cover is emplaced over the vortex well. An inert gas bubble activated molten metal pump is provided in which there is an entry port in the circulation well and exit port into the vortex well. The exit port is positioned to lie at least partially or entirely above the maximum level of molten metal in the vortex well. This exit port will typically be at or near the top of the vortex well. In order to reduce oxidation, inert gas bubbles are captured from this molten metal pump and creating an inert gas atmosphere or blanket above the molten metal vortex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Inventors: Larry D. Areaux, Edward S. Jackson