With Means To Relieve Weight Of Pack Patents (Class 271/166)
  • Patent number: 11208276
    Abstract: Provided is a paper sheet loading device including a paper sheet loading unit having a bottom plate and a front wall, a feed roller that comes in contact with a bottom surface of a lowermost paper sheet of a batch of paper sheets and rotates to feed the lowermost paper sheet to outside of the paper sheet loading unit, and a load adjusting member arranged so as to protrude into the paper sheet loading unit and retreat to outside of the paper sheet loading unit. At a time of protrusion of the load adjusting member, the load adjusting member presses a front side face of the batch of paper sheets by a pressing surface to displace the front side face to an innermost part, and receives a load from the batch of paper sheets by the pressing surface, thereby reducing the load applied to the feed roller from the batch of paper sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: Japan Cash Machine Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihito Osada, Kazuya Furumachi
  • Patent number: 10029867
    Abstract: A feeding device for digital processing machine includes a paper passage, a friction device, and a sheet-feeding module. The sheet-feeding module is disposed in the paper passage and opposite to the friction device. The sheet-feeding module includes a sheet-feeding roller, a first idle wheel, and a belt. The sheet-feeding roller is for separating a sheet with the friction device. The first idle wheel is disposed in the upstream side of the sheet-feeding roller. The belt encircles the first idle wheel and the axle of the sheet-feeding roller. The sheet-feeding module rotates from a first position to a second position when the sheet-feeding roller rotates, such that the belt contacts the sheet when the sheet-feeding module is at the second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Avision Inc.
    Inventors: Sung-Po Cheng, Thomas Sheng
  • Publication number: 20140374986
    Abstract: A lower pressure plate (43) is disposed upon a paper currency pressing part (34) of a paper currency intake part (5) below an upper pressure plate (41) with a spring (44) interposed therebetween, and the paper currency pressing part (34) presses the lower pressure plate (43) upon stacked paper currency (BLC). Thus, when the stacked paper currency (BLC) oscillates vertically with the rotation of a picker roller (23), the paper currency pressing part (34) absorbs by the spring (44) an upward force which is applied from the stacked paper currency (BLC). Furthermore, the paper currency pressing part (34) presses the lower pressure plate (43) by a restoring force of the spring (44) with respect to the falling stacked paper currency (BLC).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: OKI ELECTRIC INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Atsushi Takada
  • Publication number: 20140167348
    Abstract: An image recording apparatus including: a sheet tray; a drawing portion; and a first stop portion. The sheet tray is inserted into and pulled out from an accommodating portion along an inserting direction. A main tray of the sheet tray is positioned at a first position and at a second position located downstream of the first position in the inserting direction as a result of movement of the main tray in the inserting direction. An extension tray of the sheet tray is movable relative to the main tray. The drawing portion draws the main tray from the first position into the second position. The first stop portion is disposed in the accommodating portion and abuttable against the extension tray when the main tray is located downstream of the first position in the inserting direction to restrict movement of the extension tray in the inserting direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Kenji SAMOTO
  • Patent number: 8702328
    Abstract: A desktop card print having an improved automatic card feed hopper that employs a card picking mechanism that includes an automatic gate mechanism in combination with a card edge assist picker while providing a card exception slot for manual feeding of a card, a removable ribbon cassette that employs a magnetic encoder mechanism for tracking the motion of a ribbon mounted on the ribbon cassette, a scanning station that is configured and arranged to capture an image of one or more surfaces of the card as it passes the scanner, and a power take-off (PTO) gear adjacent the rear end of the printer for use in driving an additional processing mechanism to be mounted at the rear of the printer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: DataCard Corporation
    Inventors: Patrick Charles Cronin, Peter David Schuller, David Evert Wickstrom, Lyle Cecil Bungert, Jerry L. Steinbach
  • Patent number: 8246290
    Abstract: A carton feeder assembly is disclosed for selecting or picking carton blanks from the end of a stack of blanks in a magazine. The assembly includes a magazine and conveyor for moving stacks of carton blanks toward a carton feeder assembly. A support shaft assembly is disposed at the downstream end of the magazine and includes a support shaft against which the forwardmost carton blank in the stack leans and rests to support the stack of carton blanks. The support shaft is eccentrically rotatably mounted and driven by a motor so that the support shaft oscillates rapidly as it is rotated. This motion of the support shaft keeps the forwardmost blank of the stack spaced slightly from and out of contact with the support shaft for a significant majority of the time, thus reducing substantially the average friction between the forwardmost blank and the support shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Graphic Packaging International, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin T. May, Cory E. Hawley
  • Patent number: 7473043
    Abstract: A card supplying mechanism includes a card stacker with a motor-driven rotatable eccentric cam for sequentially raising and lowering a moving member having an oblique, step-shaped card touching surface. A motor rotates the cam to a position of maximum diameter, thereby lifting vertically-stacked cards with the oblique, step-shaped card touching surface. The motor then drives further to rotate the cam to a position of minimum diameter, thereby separating one end of the cards on an oblique card support surface so as to mutually offset stacked cards. A kick roller then discharges from the stacker a bottommost stacked card. The card supplying mechanism provides a reliable supply of cards by virtue of both improved card separation, and reduced load on the bottommost card that is to be supplied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2009
    Assignee: Nisca Corporation
    Inventor: Wataru Tsuruta
  • Patent number: 6663099
    Abstract: An apparatus for transferring paper sheets includes a supply device which supplies sheets, a supply unit which is provided as part of the supply device and forms a supply outlet through which the sheets are ejected, a receiving device which is connected to the supply device in such a manner as to be vertically movable relative to the supply device, and a receiving unit which is provided as part of the receiving device and forms a receiving inlet by which the sheets are received, wherein one of the supply unit and the receiving unit is configured to be vertically movable, and changes a vertical position thereof in response to relative positional relationship between the supply device and the receiving device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Nobuo Inoue
  • Patent number: 6659448
    Abstract: An apparatus for separating flat products from a pile of flat products, the apparatus including a support and at least one separator for separating a product from a pile of products. The separator is movable with respect to the support and includes a curved surface for contacting an edge of the pile so that a contact point between the separator and the edge of the pile can remain fixed despite adjustments to the penetration depth of the separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG
    Inventors: Glen Alan Guaraldi, Mehmet Oktay Kaya
  • Patent number: 6651841
    Abstract: The present invention is a machine for dispensing articles, such as a vending machine, wherein the bottom article in a stack of articles is dispensed. To solve the problem of frictional resistance and excessive weight on the bottom article as it is being dispensed, the present invention provides a lifting mechanism to raise a portion of the stack of articles while the machine dispenses the bottom article. The lifting of the stack of articles above the bottom article relieves the weight of the stack from the bottom article, thereby reducing the frictional force as the machine slides the article out of a gate. In a preferred embodiment, a pair of lifting mechanisms operated by a common driving source cooperate to lift the portion of the stack of articles during the sliding operation and return the stack automatically once the bottom article has been dispensed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: Asahi Seiko Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tamotsu Tsuchida
  • Patent number: 6602043
    Abstract: A credit card stacker holding up to a predetermined number of cards in a lower section. Cards are supplied by a separator mechanism from the upper section of the card stacker, as they are depleted from the lower section by the issuing mechanism. The separator mechanism supports one edge of a card in the upper section only while the other edge of the card is supported by a predetermined number of cards in the lower section. When the number of cards in the lower section drops below the predetermined number, the separator mechanism allows cards to drop to the lower section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Yoshito Honda
  • Patent number: 6585257
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for reducing burden in retrieving sheets of material from the bottom of a substantially vertical stack of sheets in a sheet feeder. The apparatus comprises a first convex surface at the bottom half of the stack protruding into one side of the stack for pushing the sheets toward the other side, and a second convex surface on the second side below the first convex surface for pushing the sheets toward the first side. The first and second convex surfaces each provide a counteracting force resisting the downward movement of the stack, and these countering forces have upward vertical components partially countering the downward vertical force due to the weight of the stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Pitney Bowes Inc.
    Inventors: Steven J. DaCunha, Carlos DeFigueiredo, John J. Mercede, Jr., Joseph Vasallo
  • Patent number: 6502812
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an apparatus and method for separating an entire collation of individual sheets from a supply stack for downstream processing. The apparatus generally includes a supply stack tray for containing the supply stack while the collations in the supply stack are being separated; a separator device positioned adjacent to the supply stack tray for separating a corner of each sheet of the collation from the supply stack; a deflector positioned adjacent to an edge of the collation for deflecting the collation from the supply stack after the collation has been separated by the separator; and a gripper device positioned in a plane proximate to the first sheet in the collation for gripping the entire collation after the collation has been deflected from the supply stack and for moving the entire collation downstream for processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2003
    Assignee: Pitney Bowes Inc.
    Inventor: Eric A Belec
  • Patent number: 6422554
    Abstract: A document feeder employs a lifting lever to lift stacked documents away from a feed roller each time a document is being fed away from the stack. In this way the separation of documents is enhanced, providing a mechanism that more readily accommodates documents of varying shapes, thicknesses, and materials. The feeder uses a motor linked by one-way clutches to feed mechanisms for documents and for labels, stacked separately. The motor is driven in one direction to feed documents and in the other direction to feed labels. A moistener is provided below the paper path, and the moistener is mounted so that it can be slidably removed. When it is removed, feed rollers are permitted to relax and move apart which helps in the clearing of jams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: Ascom Hasler Mailing Systems AG
    Inventors: Heinz Wuethrich, Stefan Kaeser, Thomas Gasser
  • Patent number: 6062558
    Abstract: A paper feeder in a printer comprises a bottom recording paper guide, an extreme end recording paper guide, a roller, and a mechanism for transferring paper. The bottom recording paper guide is inclined in the paper feeding direction at an angle in the range of ten degrees to thirty degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroshi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6053492
    Abstract: An apparatus for sequentially feeding cards from the bottom of a vertical stack, which includes a card transport drum positioned below the stack so as to support the forward edge portion of the bottom of the stack. The drum includes a set of suction openings disposed transversely across the outer peripheral surface of the drum, and the openings are of oval outline. To sequentially feed the cards, the drum is rotated so that the openings move across the bottom of the lowermost card and the suction grips and holds the lowermost card on the surface of the drum, to thereby advance the lowermost card from the stack. The oval outline of the openings helps ensure that only the lowermost card is gripped and advanced by the suction openings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2000
    Inventor: John R. Newsome
  • Patent number: 5934662
    Abstract: A bottom sheet feeding system for feeding individual image substrate sheets for reproduction apparatus out from under a stack of such sheets by intermittently feeding the bottom sheet out from under the overlying stack of sheets in a sheet stacking tray with a bottom sheet feeder, which may be electrostatic, while that stack of sheets is intermittently at least partially levitated relative to the bottom sheet to substantially reduce the gravitational force of the overlying stack of sheets normally bearing down on the bottom sheet to resist the separation and feeding of the bottom sheet out from under the rest of the stack. This intermittent stack levitation may be accomplished by appropriate cyclical transducer system forces applied to the bottom of the stacking tray at a frequency coordinated with intermittent feeding of the bottom sheet out from under the stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas Acquaviva
  • Patent number: 5927704
    Abstract: Apparatus for feeding sheets seriatim from a stack of sheets which substantially prevents image ruboff. Such sheet feed apparatus includes a tray for supporting a stack of sheets. A plate associated with the tray supports the lead edge of the sheet stack. A major portion of the sheet stack, measured from the top of the sheet stack at the lead edge of the sheet stack, is supported by a mechanism associated with the plate. A positive flow of air is directed at a minor portion of the sheet stack, measured from the bottom of the sheet stack at the lead edge of the sheet stack, to enable the minor portion of the sheet stack to be levitated for separation of the sheets in the minor portion of the sheet stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Raymond M Quackenbush, Nicholas Deleo, Steven P Bailey, Bradley A Twait
  • Patent number: 5888047
    Abstract: A separating and feeding machine is disclosed for removing a succession of bound booklets or the like from a supply hopper adapted to hold a stack of the booklets for feeding them to a subsequent apparatus for further processing. The separating and feeding machine includes a reciprocating vacuum feed plate disposed in the bottom of the hopper for advancing the bottom booklet through a discharge opening to a take away feed mechanism, and includes first and second stage separating mechanism which initially maintains at least the bottom two booklets in the hopper in shingled relationship to expose a marginal portion thereof adjacent the bound edge so that a pressing member can maintain a normal force on the exposed marginal portion of the bottom booklet to prevent it from wrinkling and becoming jammed in the discharge opening while the vacuum feed plate is moving it toward the discharge opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Pitney Bowes Inc.
    Inventors: David R. Auerbach, Rocco J. DiCrescenzo, Joseph Guiles, Richard F. Stengl
  • Patent number: 5772200
    Abstract: A feeder for separating sheet form elements, such as envelopes, from a stack has a suction device and a mechanical gripper mounted together on a movable head. The movement of the head is controlled by a lever mechanism and cams so that an envelope is first pulled by the suction in the stacking direction and then gripped and pulled laterally from the stack by the gripper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Inventor: Alan M. Sorensen
  • Patent number: 5695183
    Abstract: A paper feed system suitable for use with a portion control machine to provide paper sheets for separating portions, including a paper hopper mountable to a portion control machine and adapted to receive and temporarily retain a stack of paper sheets. The paper hopper has an open end having a front edge spaced opposite from a back edge and defining a ready position where a paper sheet lies in a first plane to be dispensed. The paper feed system further includes a paper support having a length to width ratio of 10 to 1 or greater. The paper support is mounted adjacent the open end of the paper hopper blocking the free exit of paper sheets therefrom, with the support extending from a central location on the back edge partially to a central location on the front edge. An upper surface of the support is substantially parallel with the first plane and is adjacent the first plane for retention of a paper sheet in the ready position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: NuTec Manufacturing, Inc.
    Inventor: James W. Stoub
  • Patent number: 5549290
    Abstract: An envelope hopper including a rear panel and a pair of side panels extending forward from the rear panel. A convex curved deck is mounted to the rear panel. The deck extends between a rearmost section of the side panels. The deck has a receiving end and a feeding end for supporting a stack of envelopes. The deck has at least one convex curved side extending upwardly from the deck. A bottom panel is positioned below the feeding end of the deck and extends between the side panels thereby positioning the envelopes for passage from the envelope hopper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: Pitney Bowes Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas G. Long, Roman Czernik
  • Patent number: 5447299
    Abstract: A planar article or sheet, such as a divider sheet for stacked products, and the method of supplying substantially planar articles from a supply magazine to an article transfer device, which then transfers the article to a desired location for further processing. The planar article itself can be a divider sheet for stacked beverage containers, folded paperboard cartons for carriers, or any other substantially planar article which is adapted to be consecutively arranged with other such articles in a group, and placed in a supply magazine for singular delivery to an article transfer device. The method of the present invention is specifically designed to insure that only one sheet at a time is removed from the group by the article transfer device. The sheets or articles themselves, are designed to cooperate with the supply magazine to facilitate singular delivery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1995
    Assignee: Riverwood International Corporation
    Inventor: Kevin T. May
  • Patent number: 5344136
    Abstract: A sheet supporting arrangement comprises an upper sheet supporting grid and a lower sheet supporting grid, each made up of rods of jacks which are arranged on front and rear walls of a stacker. The upper grid consists of a series of jacks, each comprising an elastically, though not permanently deformable rod which is set at one of its ends in a piston that is also elastically, though not permanently deformable. The elastically, though not permanently rod is then guided within a bearing when it moves as well as by the circumferential surface of the piston sliding on the inner cylindrical surface of the cylinder forming the jack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: SA Martin
    Inventor: Bernard Capdeboscq
  • Patent number: 5280900
    Abstract: A metering hopper which utilizes an oscillating friction pad to engage and initiate the feeding of successive, bulky newspaper sections or the like from the bottom of a stack may be converted into a machine using a vacuum separating feeder for thin, single-sheet articles by disabling the rocker pad assembly and bolting in place a tray module having an essentially self-contained oscillating vacuum sucker head assembly. When the tray is installed, the self-contained oscillating mechanism for the sucker head assembly makes operable engagement with pre-existing drive means on the machine so as to carry out the necessary rocking action of the sucker heads in timed relationship with other functions of the machine. Connecting the sucker assembly to vacuum control mechanism and a source of vacuum pressure completes the conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Stepper, Inc.
    Inventor: Charles N. Hannon
  • Patent number: 5222720
    Abstract: Magazine signatures which are manually loaded as a stack into a product hopper are stripped therefrom by conveyor belts and are conveyed as a running shingle having a relatively large setback and a relatively thin vertical cross-section. To assist in establishing such a shingle, lifters periodically raise an upper group of signatures of the stack in the hopper from the lower signatures to reduce the weight on the latter signatures and prevent the lowermost signature from pulling along the immediately overlying signature as the lowermost signature is stripped from the hopper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1993
    Inventor: John R. Newsome
  • Patent number: 5171125
    Abstract: A sheet material handling apparatus includes a container handling assembly which is operable to sequentially position containers at an unloading station. An unloader assembly is operable to remove stacks of sheet material from containers at the unloading station. The unloader assembly includes a lift assembly which is operable to engage a stack of sheet material disposed in a container and to lift the stack of sheet material upwardly through an open lower end portion of an upright hopper. Once the stack of sheet material has been moved into the hopper, the hopper and the stack of sheet material are moved to a tilted orientation. As the hopper moves to the tilted orientation, the hopper moves the stack of sheet material along an upwardly inclined ramp into engagement with a sheet material feed assembly. The sheet material feed assembly sequentially feeds sheet material from the lower end portion of the tilted stack of sheet material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: AM International Incorporated
    Inventor: Stephen R. Kleinhen
  • Patent number: 5067702
    Abstract: An apparatus for successively removing stacked sheets, such as stimulable phosphor sheets used in electron microscopy, from a housing. The stack consists of alternate layers of a first kind and a second kind of sheets. Each sheet of the first kind has a first notch in a first position. Each sheet of the second kind has a second notch in a second position. One edge of the lowermost sheet of the stack is supported on a projection which can be moved along the edge. Thus, the stack is inclined in the housing. The projection is movable from its home position, first and second stop positions aligned with the notches. When the projection is moved to a position registering with the notch on the lowermost sheet, that sheet only is dropped to a position from which it is ejected from the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1991
    Assignees: Jeol Ltd., Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuaki Muraishi, Masahiro Onishi, Nobufumi Mori, Hiromi Nunome, Tetsuo Oikawa
  • Patent number: 4930762
    Abstract: A portable envelope feeder that is not dedicated to a specific offset printer but can be used with multiple offset printers is described. The portable feeding apparatus is clamped to the feed elevator in order to supply an envelope stack to the offset printer. The envelope feeder has the capability of tilting back to facilitate loading of the envelope stack. A sliding weight in one of the vertical members holds the envelopes in place and also counters the moment created when the sucker foot on the printing press grips the individual envelope and pulls the envelope into the offset press. A height control bar insures that the envelope stack is always at the correct position for the sucker foot to grip and envelope. By utilizing a different size plate where the envelope stack rests and making a slight adjustment on the base plate, the present invention can feed a plurality of envelope sizes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1990
    Inventor: Wesley P. Kitchens
  • Patent number: 4930764
    Abstract: The front feeder for a high speed machine for handling mixed mail, including a nudger drive assembly for advancing the mail pieces while maintaining registration, and for fluffing a stack of mail contributing to preshingling of the mail as it is advanced downstream, angled decks and a back prop for a guideless hopper region, a tamper subsystem for maintaining registration of flapped envelopes, and structure configured to guide open envelope flaps along a slot for downstream sealing purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1990
    Assignee: Pitney Bowes Inc.
    Inventors: Russell W. Holbrook, Walter J. Kulpa, James Morabito
  • Patent number: 4787619
    Abstract: In a sheet feed bench with two parallel sheet feed rails that are adjustable relative to one another and with each having blowing jets on their surfaces facing one another directly above the level of the bench, connected to a common source of compressed air, the sheet feed rails resting on the bench surface are provided with groove-like or notch-like enlargements at the level of the blowing jets. Each of these extend over the entire length of the sheet feeder rails. These enlargements make it possible to position the inner surfaces of the sheet feeder rails so closely and tightly against the longitudinal edges of the stack of sheets that only small amounts of compressed air can escape upward. The formation of an air cushion is improved by this in such a way that the stack height can be more than double without adversely affecting the single-sheet separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1988
    Assignee: Mathias Bauerle GmbH
    Inventors: Manfred Fuss, Joachim Kurtz
  • Patent number: 4728096
    Abstract: A sheet dispenser for selectively dispensing predetermined numbers of sheets, for example, paper currency of different denominations and having plural input stations each receiving a stack of each bill denomination. A feed roller at each station has a high friction surface portion which engages a bottom sheet and feeds the sheet between the feed roller and a cooperating stripper shoe to assure single sheet feeding. An elongated acceleration belt extends beneath all of the feed rollers. Cooperating acceleration pinch wheels form a nip with the belt for accelerating a sheet entering the nip. A curved resilient guide cooperates with each feed roller to guide sheets passing the stripper shoe toward its associated acceleration nip. The sheets pass along the acceleration belt and outfeed stacker including a stacker wheel to facilitate the formation of a neat stack of sheets. Sensors detect the entry of a sheet into each acceleration nip and to assure proper positioning of the feed roller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Assignee: Brandt, Inc.
    Inventors: Theodore Winkler, Fredric W. Burger
  • Patent number: 4699371
    Abstract: A sheet feeder includes a supply tray from which the paper sheets are individually withdrawn from the bottom of the stack. The stack supporting bottom of the tray is inclined relative to a horizontal plane, its angle of inclination being adjustable. The inclination of a supported stack can be adjusted according to stack weight or height. The weight of the sheet stack exerting pressure on stack support and/or the sheet separating device can thereby be controlled such that uniform sheet removal conditions are achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1987
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Helmut Ettischer, Heinz-G. Bethmann, Rolf Munz, Manfred Radtke, Friedrich Uffinger
  • Patent number: 4666140
    Abstract: A self-contained conveyor is adapted to be seated or bodily removed with respect to a support of an associated press. The conveyor has a gravity feed section for receiving a pile of stock items imbricately arranged thereon and delivering the items onto a pile fragmentizing roller assembly. The roller assembly separates the piled items by transporting the items over it and feeds items onto a belt conveyor which in turn delivers the items against a fanning mechanism. The bottom item is delivered into a metering nip defined between a retard and cooperating feed roller assembly which delivers each item to a pickup station of a press beneath a sensing finger switch. As long as each item remains on the station, it prevents the finger from dropping to close the switch and actuate a circuit which operates the belt conveyor and feed roller to deliver the next bottom item to the station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1987
    Inventor: Edward S. Godlewski
  • Patent number: 4653742
    Abstract: This invention relates to a apparatus for separating and feeding sheets such as sheets of paper comprising an accommodation box for accommodating the sheets of paper stacked by their own weight, a pick-up roller provided so that the upper surface thereof projects into the interior of the box to bear the weight of the stacked sheets of paper, a separation arrangement comprising a frictional roller and the feed roller and provided so as to face an ejection port of the accommodation box from which sheets are sent out to the separation arrangement, and a support arrangement disposed on the side opposite to the ejection port supports the end, opposite to the ejection port, of the sheets of paper, and for allowing the lowermost sheet end to be free of the weight of the sheet thereabove when the lowermost sheet is moved to the ejection port side so that frictional resistance of the lowermost sheet is reduced greatly and the pick-up roller can surely pick up and convey the sheet one by one from the lower side of the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1987
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoya Sasaki, Masataka Kawauchi, Yoshio Fukudome, Fumio Takeda, Yoichi Suzuki, Toshio Mirubayashi, Itsunori Utsumi
  • Patent number: 4619450
    Abstract: A bottom feeder for copy paper feeding has means for imparting a curvature to the sheets, the curvature being in the direction the sheets will be withdrawn. The curvature provides transverse rigidity to permit lifting weight of stack off the bottom sheet. This facilitates withdrawing the sheets one at a time from the bottom of the stack.A curved paper tray imparts a curvature to the paper. A pair of holding clamps are provided, one on either side of the stack of paper, which are partially withdrawn from the sides of the paper stack so that paper may be added to the stack. When sheets are to be fed, the clamps which comprise a pair of plates having a friction material on the paper facing side thereof are moved in to engage the sides of the stack of paper. An arrangement is provided to thereafter lower the paper tray slightly from the bottom of the stack, or lift the clamps and the curved paper stack. In either event, the pressure of the stack weight is now removed from the bottom sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1986
    Assignees: Ricoh Systems, Inc., Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Carl P. Anderson, Edward F. Mayer
  • Patent number: 4595190
    Abstract: A bottom sheet separator-feeder for separating and forwarding sheets seriatim from the bottom of a stack of sheets includes a stack tray and endless vacuum belts extending through the front end of the tray for acquiring and advancing the bottom sheet, the belts extending across a support surface having vacuum ports therein for applying a negative pressure at the back of the belts. In order to reduce unwanted vacuum effects upstream of the vacuum ports, a transverse lip extends across the support surface upstream of the vacuum ports.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1986
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Kiri B. Amarakoon
  • Patent number: 4582315
    Abstract: A high speed feeder for cartons being fed into a cartoner includes both mechanical and fluid flow environments for precisely delivering cartons. A preferably inclined conveyor receives cartons stacked on their edges and in a generally vertical orientation. A rotating metering wheel at the downstream end of the conveyor engages the top edges of the cartons and separates them one at a time from the incoming stack. A blower is provided to direct air onto the cartons adjacent the metering wheel to (a) blow the cartons against the metering wheel, (b) blow air between the first and second cartons of the stack as the metering wheel separates the first from the second, and (c) blow the cartons down to a horizontal attitude. Horizontal feed chains having feed lugs receive the horizontal cartons and advance them one at a time into the cartoner. Vacuum nozzles are provided to aid in controlling carton placement on the feed chains and lugs throughout a broad range of feed speeds. Methods are included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1986
    Assignee: R. A. Jones & Co. Inc.
    Inventors: Eric W. Scarpa, Charles C. Hughes, Stanley F. Humbert
  • Patent number: 4573676
    Abstract: An apparatus for transferring sheet materials comprises a plurality of externally threaded rods having threads spaced at equal pitches and grooves therebetween. The threaded rods extend parallel to each other and are mounted in a one-sided box-shaped housing for rotation about their axes. The threaded rods are drivable for synchronous rotation in the same lead direction to transfer the sheet materials inserted edgewise in the grooves of the threaded rods in the lead direction in synchronism with rotation of the threaded rods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1986
    Assignee: ORC Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Miyamoto, Tadao Omata
  • Patent number: 4549730
    Abstract: A signature feeding machine in which signatures are fed one by one from a stack in a supply hopper by suction devices; when a signature is not to be fed the stack is displaced so that the suction devices are inoperable to effect feeding and preferably suction is discontinued at the same time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 1983
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1985
    Assignee: McCain Manufacturing Corporation
    Inventors: Ronald W. Weller, Terrence H. Drope
  • Patent number: 4544150
    Abstract: An improvement in a document feeding device having a hopper oriented at an acute angle with respect to a horizontal plane and able to support a pack of documents to be fed seriatim therefrom. The improvement comprises at least one pad having a high coefficient of friction material situated on the upper surface of the hopper whereby the effect of the weight of the documents situated in the hopper above the pad on the pressure of the pack situated below the pad is decreased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1985
    Assignee: Pitney Bowes Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Irvine, Harry E. Luperti, Keith Bayliss
  • Patent number: 4531724
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for controlling sheets in a hopper, whereby the stack of sheets is partially supported at various elevations along the stack so that only a portion of the weight of the stack bears downwardly on the sheet removal devices. The stack support members are movable into and out of supporting position relative to the stack, by virtue of a solenoid or the like, for passing a discrete lower portion of the stack down to the take-off device, and a feeler is provided for sensing the need for passing more sheets downwardly, in accordance with the rate of removing the sheets from the bottom of the stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1984
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1985
    Assignee: Stobb, Inc.
    Inventors: David C. Lukas, James R. Moser, James R. Schlough
  • Patent number: 4497482
    Abstract: A magazine (2) for stamps is provided with an escapement mechanism in the form of upper and lower gripping means (24, 26) which alternately support the stack of stamps, thereby allowing the stamps to be fed at a constant head to a withdrawal rotor (10). The upper and lower gripping may each be constituted by a rubber tube (38) which is inflatable against the side of the stack via a thin pivotal strip (36).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1985
    Assignee: Molins PLC
    Inventors: Victor J. Furze, Thomas J. Howlett
  • Patent number: 4494745
    Abstract: A sheet feeder for corrugated paperboard sheets utilizing timed intermittently rotatable belts against which either the top or bottom sheet, depending on the configuration chosen, of a stack is brought into contact to feed such sheet in synchronism with adjacent processing machinery and utilizing continuously applied negative atmospheric pressure to hold such sheet against the belts without the need for valving or otherwise breaking the suction pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 22, 1985
    Assignee: The Ward Machinery Company
    Inventors: William F. Ward, Sr., John B. West
  • Patent number: 4487506
    Abstract: A dual purpose tri-roll inverter is disclosed as part of the normal paper path of a copier and has the capability of taking a sheet into the input side of tri-roll input/output members and continue feeding the sheet by the use of reversible rolls through an out of a channel portion of the inverter for further processing. Alternatively, when reversing of the sheet is required for duplexing, the reversible rolls are reversed by a reverse drive mechanism to propel the sheet while it is still in the inverter back toward the output side of the tri-rolls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1984
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas J. Repp, Robert P. Rebres
  • Patent number: 4465192
    Abstract: Paper sheets, which are loaded in a supply section without any regard to which direction their first or second surface is facing, are supplied to a detecting section for checking as to whether the first surface is facing in a preselected direction and also for identifying the kind of paper sheet. The paper sheets supplied with their first surface facing in the preselected direction are sorted and stacked in first stacking sections in accordance with the kind of paper sheet. The paper sheets of all kinds supplied with their second surface facing in the preselected direction are stacked in a single second stacking section. Each of the paper sheets stacked in the second stacking section are supplied with their first surfaces facing in the preselected direction to the detecting section, again for identification of the kind, once again.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1984
    Assignee: Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hiroshi Ohba, Shigeo Horino
  • Patent number: 4397459
    Abstract: An apparatus in which sheets are separated and fed, in seriatim, from a stack with a flow of pressurized fluid being directed between the stack and support thereof. The pressurized fluid produces a gap between the stack and support which is detected. The pressure of the fluid is controlled in response to the detected gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1983
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Morton Silverberg, John M. Browne, Dale W. Young
  • Patent number: 4355796
    Abstract: There is disclosed an apparatus for separating sheets at the bottom of a stack comprising two contrarotating suction drum assemblies (14,15:17) and a suction pipe (18) extending between the two assemblies. In order to ensure that the edges of the lowermost sheet are fully separated from the sheet above before the sheet is extracted from the bottom of the stack, one assembly has a central suction drum (14) having suction outlets (25) and the other assembly (17) has suction outlets (29) to draw the edges of the lowermost sheet in their central regions downwardly from the sheet above. Two pairs of contrarotating double ended fingers (32) are mounted on either side of the drum assemblies to enter the stack above the lowermost sheet where the central region has been drawn downwardly and to move along the edges of the stack towards the ends of the stack to separate the edges of the lowermost sheet from the sheet above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1982
    Assignee: Vacuumatic Limited
    Inventor: George W. Day
  • Patent number: 4313599
    Abstract: An automatic document handler adapted to receive a stack of documents to be copied for feeding the documents seriatim to the platen of a copy machine and returning the copied documents to the stack. An air floation stack tray is provided to support the document stack, striations formed in the tray encourage laminar air flow thereover for improved air floation of the stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1982
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: S. Warren Lohr
  • Patent number: 4284270
    Abstract: An automatic document handler adapted to receive a stack of documents to be copied for feeding the documents seriatim to the platen of a copy machine and returning the copied documents to the stack. A combination vacuum-document separator in conjunction with an air knife and a document tray having a "U" shaped pocket therein is provided to assure positive feeding of each document to the platen without misfeeds or multifeeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1979
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1981
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Morton Silverberg