Through Backing And Support Members Patents (Class 28/105)
  • Patent number: 10718076
    Abstract: A plant and a method for connecting a web of fibrous material to a nonwoven or consolidating it therewith includes a first circulating belt on which the web of fibrous material is laid, a device for introducing a nonwoven into the plant, and a further successive circulating belt on which the nonwoven is to be connected to or consolidated with the web of fibrous material. The web of fibrous material from the first circulating belt is first laid on the nonwoven and subsequently the fibrous material is transferred onto the successive belt together with the nonwoven for connection or consolidation by use of water jets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignees: TRUETZSCHLER GMBH & CO. KG, VOITH PATENT GMBH
    Inventors: Thomas Weigert, Steffen Peters, Dominic Prömpler
  • Patent number: 9560950
    Abstract: A bulky sheet (10) has a first side (11), a second side (12) opposite to the first side (11), a plurality of macroscopic first recessed ridges (21) and a projection (30) on at least the first side (11). The first recessed ridges (21) extend straight in a first direction at a predetermined interval. The projection (30) is located between the first recessed ridges (21) adjacent to each other. The projection (30) projects from the second side (12) toward the first side (11) of the bulky sheet (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: KAO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takashi Kawai, Akemi Yuji, Yutaka Saito, Manabu Kaneta
  • Patent number: 9480609
    Abstract: An absorbent article having improved handling of body exudates can include a fluid-entangled body facing material including a support layer and a projection layer. The fluid-entangled body facing material can include a plurality of hollow projections formed from a first plurality of fibers in the projection layer. The hollow projections can extend from the outer surface of the projection layer in a direction away from the support layer. The absorbent article can minimize the amount of body exudates in contact with a wearer's skin and can minimize the incidence of leakage of body exudates from the absorbent article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott S. C. Kirby, David Glen Biggs, Andrew Thomas Hammond, Eric Donald Johnson, Robert Lee Popp, Daniel Robert Schlinz, Kendell Jean Williams, Niall Finn, Andy R. Butler
  • Patent number: 9480608
    Abstract: An absorbent article having improved handling of body exudates can include a fluid-entangled body facing material including a support layer and a projection layer. The fluid-entangled body facing material can include a plurality of hollow projections formed from a first plurality of fibers in the projection layer. The hollow projections can extend from the outer surface of the projection layer in a direction away from the support layer. The absorbent article can minimize the amount of body exudates in contact with a wearer's skin and can minimize the incidence of leakage of body exudates from the absorbent article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott S. C. Kirby, David Glen Biggs, Andrew Thomas Hammond, Eric Donald Johnson, Robert Lee Popp, Daniel Robert Schlinz, Kendell Jean Williams, Niall Finn, Andy R. Butler
  • Patent number: 9474660
    Abstract: An absorbent article having improved handling of body exudates can include a fluid-entangled body facing material including a support layer and a projection layer. The fluid-entangled body facing material can include a plurality of hollow projections formed from a first plurality of fibers in the projection layer. The hollow projections can extend from the outer surface of the projection layer in a direction away from the support layer. The absorbent article can minimize the amount of body exudates in contact with a wearer's skin and can minimize the incidence of leakage of body exudates from the absorbent article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott S. C. Kirby, David Glen Biggs, Andrew Thomas Hammond, Eric Donald Johnson, Candace Dyan Krautkramer, Robert Lee Popp, Leila Joy Roberson, Daniel Robert Schlinz, Kendell Jean Williams, Niall Finn, Andy R. Butler
  • Patent number: 9445952
    Abstract: An absorbent article having improved handling of body exudates can include a fluid-entangled body facing material including a support layer and a projection layer. The fluid-entangled body facing material can include a plurality of hollow projections formed from a first plurality of fibers in the projection layer. The hollow projections can extend from the outer surface of the projection layer in a direction away from the support layer. The absorbent article can minimize the amount of body exudates in contact with a wearer's skin and can minimize the incidence of leakage of body exudates from the absorbent article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott S. C. Kirby, David Glen Biggs, Andrew Thomas Hammond, Eric Donald Johnson, Robert Lee Popp, Daniel Robert Schlinz, Kendell Jean Williams, Niall Finn, Andy R. Butler
  • Patent number: 9445953
    Abstract: An absorbent article having improved handling of body exudates can include a fluid-entangled body facing material including a support layer and a projection layer. The fluid-entangled body facing material can include a plurality of hollow projections formed from a first plurality of fibers in the projection layer. The hollow projections can extend from the outer surface of the projection layer in a direction away from the support layer. The absorbent article can minimize the amount of body exudates in contact with a wearer's skin and can minimize the incidence of leakage of body exudates from the absorbent article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott S. C. Kirby, David Glen Biggs, Andrew Thomas Hammond, Eric Donald Johnson, Candace Dyan Krautkramer, Robert Lee Popp, Leila Joy Roberson, Daniel Robert Schlinz, Kendell Jean Williams, Niall Finn, Andy R. Butler
  • Patent number: 9445954
    Abstract: An absorbent article having improved handling of body exudates can include a fluid-entangled body facing material including a support layer and a projection layer. The fluid-entangled body facing material can include a plurality of hollow projections formed from a first plurality of fibers in the projection layer. The hollow projections can extend from the outer surface of the projection layer in a direction away from the support layer. The absorbent article can minimize the amount of body exudates in contact with a wearer's skin and can minimize the incidence of leakage of body exudates from the absorbent article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott S. C. Kirby, David Glen Biggs, Andrew Thomas Hammond, Eric Donald Johnson, Robert Lee Popp, Daniel Robert Schlinz, Kendell Jean Williams, Niall Finn, Andy R. Butler
  • Patent number: 9074851
    Abstract: Lightly armored vehicles and stationary objects are often the target of attacks by hollow-charge projectiles. Numerous variants of armor plating have been developed to counter such attacks, which results in additional loads, and these require expensive production. A light protective layer (1) which is simple to produce contains rods (3) arranged in a matrix, which project out from the object to be protected. If a corresponding hollow-charge projectile hits such a protective layer (1), the front nose (101) thereof is damaged, so that in most cases the initiation of the hollow charge does not occur. Preferably the rods (3) are covered externally by polymer layers (9, 10) and additionally a crumple layer (8) is attached in front of the object to be protected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: RUAG Schweiz AG
    Inventors: Marc Radstake, Hanspeter Kaufmann
  • Patent number: 8782861
    Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus for compacting a material web made of fibers and/or filaments, comprising a first revolving endless belt which carries the material web and is tensioned around guide rollers, and a second endless belt which is tensioned around guide rollers and revolves counter to the first belt at the same speed, wherein the first and second endless belts form a conical compacting region in a first region in the conveying direction of the material web and run at an angle with respect to each other, whereby the material web located between the belts is increasingly pressed, wherein subsequent to the first region a first nozzle beam is disposed for a first fluid application onto the material web still located between the two endless belts, wherein the two belts in this region of the first fluid application are in each case guided to run in a tensioned manner in a straight direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Truetzschler Nonwovens GmbH
    Inventor: Ullrich Muenstermann
  • Publication number: 20140141677
    Abstract: A non-woven fabric includes a filament fiber web and a composite fiber web that is entangled with the filament fiber web and that includes composite staple fibers and cellulose fibers. The composite staple fibers and the cellulose fibers are fusion-bonded together. A method of fabricating a non-woven fabric includes: (a) air laying and thermally treating composite staple fibers and cellulose fibers so as to form a composite fiber web, the composite staple fibers and the cellulose fibers in the composite fiber web being fusion-bonded together, and (b) disposing the composite fiber web between two filament fiber webs followed by subjecting to water-jet treatment such that the composite fiber web and the filament fiber webs are entangled with each other.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: KANG NA HSIUNG ENTERPRISE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jung-Chi Tai, Ho-Hsi Yang, Chien-Chung Su
  • Patent number: 8225469
    Abstract: Artificial leather sheet material is made by hydroentanglement of waste leather fibers. A web of the fibers is advanced on a porous belt high pressure water jet heads in a number of successive hydroentanglement steps. Screens have apertures which allow deep penetration of the water jets into the web while thin screen portions between the apertures act to interrupt the jets allow deep penetration of the water jets into the web while thin screen portions between the apertures act to interrupt the jets and limit formation of furrows. Deflector plates are provided alongside water jet heads to remove re-bounding water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: E-Leather Limited
    Inventor: Christopher Graham Bevan
  • Patent number: 7759264
    Abstract: Described is a textile sheet, which in particular may be used as an interlining material in the textile industry, having a substrate based on a nonwoven fabric, woven fabric, knitted fabric, or the like. According to the invention, the substrate is provided with a mesh configuration comprising meshes of an electrically conductive material which are interlinked or interconnected in one and/or two dimensions, for example in the longitudinal and/or transverse direction. The textile sheet according to the invention is electrically conductive, and is further characterized by small thickness, low weight, high flexibility, and a very smooth textile feel. Also described is a method for manufacturing a textile sheet according to the invention, and preferred uses thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: Carl Freudenberg KG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Braun, Eva Schōpping, Oliver Staudenmayer, Klaus Richter
  • Publication number: 20100162541
    Abstract: A method of making a web comprising a layer of airlaid pulp or synthetic material overlaying and fastened to at least one layer of regenerated cellulose fiber. The method can also provide a product in which the airlaid pulp or synthetic material can be sandwiched between two regenerated cellulose fiber layers. The regenerated cellulose can be viscose or lyocell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY
    Inventor: MENGKUI LUO
  • Publication number: 20100162542
    Abstract: A method for making a web comprising a layer of crosslinked cellulosic fiber overlaid on and fastened to at least one layer of regenerated cellulose fiber. In one method the crosslinked cellulosic fiber is be sandwiched between two regenerated cellulose fiber layers. The regenerated cellulose can be viscose or lyocell or be made from several solvents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY
    Inventors: Mengkui Luo, David George Unrau
  • Publication number: 20100159774
    Abstract: A nonwoven composite and a method of making a nonwoven composite including lightly bonding and hydroentangling a continuous filament nonwoven web to improve its integrity for subsequent processing steps, such as adding a first layer to the continuous filament nonwoven web and hydroentangling the first layer and the continuous filament nonwoven web together.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Inventors: Leon Eugene Chambers, JR., Gabriel Hammam Adam, Reginald Smith
  • Patent number: 7669303
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for preparing a complex sheet comprising a layer of drylaid glass fibers and a layer of organic fibers, comprising: mechanical needling or fluid entanglement, e.g. hydroentanglement, of a nonwoven fabric of continuous organic fibers and of a veil of non-preconsolidated continuous glass fibers, the said nonwoven fabric of organic fibers and the said veil of glass fibers being juxtaposed and the said needles respectively the fluid, water jets being sent from the same side as the nonwoven fabric of organic fibers, in order to make a sheet; and then application of a binder to the bilayer. The so obtained complex fibrous structure shows a low tendency to delaminate and can be impregnated with asphalt or bitumen, and used in the field of roofing, sealing covering or membranes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Technical Fabrics Europe
    Inventors: Michel Droux, Marc Berkhoff, Leonardus Lucas, Eric Daniel
  • Patent number: 7631406
    Abstract: A device is known in which the bulky felt arriving on the top side of an endless belt for water felting is compacted between a felting drum and the belt and at the same time it is wetted by a first water curtain from a nozzle beam, whose water jets first pass through the endless belt and then the fiber web and finally the felting drum. Now, according to the invention, the unconsolidated felt is held against the bottom of an endless belt by means of induced suction and transported, and it is brought up tangentially to a needle felting drum, arranged beneath the endless belt. In this way, the handover of the fiber web from the endless belt to the needle felting drum is accomplished under the influence of gravity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Assignee: Fleissner GmbH
    Inventor: Thomas Fechter
  • Publication number: 20090176063
    Abstract: Disclosed are liquid impregnated sheets containing a combination of split-fibres and/or meltblown fibres with regular fibres of thermoplastic polymers. The sheets can be monolayers or multilayers with non-wovens of split-fibres on the outer portions of the multilayered sheets. The sheets possess good storage and release characteristics for a liquid and can be used as cleansing sheets for personal care or for polishing purposes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2008
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Applicants: CARL FREUDENBERG KG, JACOB HOLM MANAGEMENT GMBH
    Inventors: Dirk SCHUBERT, Robert GROTEN, Michael HEB, Nick SIMPSON, Peter OPPERMANN, Eric MARIANI
  • Patent number: 7478463
    Abstract: A process for hydro-entangling a layer of fibers into a web includes the steps of conveying a web from a supply to lie against a traveling hydro-entangling fabric. A layer of fibers is deposited onto a traveling forming fabric, the forming fabric supporting the fiber layer from below. The forming fabric and the hydro-entangling fabric converge at a combining location where the forming fabric and hydro-entangling fabric orient and travel adjacent each other such that the fiber layer and web are sandwiched between the forming fabric and the hydro-entangling fabric with the fiber layer supported from below by the hydro-entangling fabric and web. The forming fabric is separated from the fiber layer after the web and overlying fiber layer are supported from below by the hydro-entangling fabric and the hydro-entangling fabric is conveyed through a hydro-entangling station to hydro-entangle the fibers into the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2009
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventor: J. Michael Conner
  • Publication number: 20080307619
    Abstract: A device is known in which the bulky felt arriving on the top side of an endless belt for water felting is compacted between a felting drum and the belt and at the same time it is wetted by a first water curtain from a nozzle beam, whose water jets first pass through the endless belt and then the fiber web and finally the felting drum. Now, according to the invention, the unconsolidated felt is held against the bottom of an endless belt by means of induced suction and transported, and it is brought up tangentially to a needle felting drum, arranged beneath the endless belt. In this way, the handover of the fiber web from the endless belt to the needle felting drum is accomplished under the influence of gravity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2005
    Publication date: December 18, 2008
    Applicant: FLEISSNER GMBH
    Inventor: Thomas Fechter
  • Patent number: 7455800
    Abstract: A nonwoven fabric comprises continuous polymer filaments of 0.5-3 denier that have been hydroentangled in a complex matrix of interconnecting filament loops, and that is otherwise substantially free of knotting, or of otherwise wrapping about one another. A process for making a non-woven fabric comprises continuously extruding polymer filaments of 0.5-3 denier onto a moving support, pre-entangling the filaments with water jets, and entangling the filaments with a second set of water jets. An apparatus for making a nonwoven fabric comprises means for continuously extruding substantially endless polymer filaments of 0.5-3 denier onto a moving support to form an unbonded web, a pre-entangling station for entangling the web with a plurality of water jets, and a plurality of water jets for final entanglement of the filament web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2008
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Ferencz, Michael Putnam, Jian Weng
  • Patent number: 7356892
    Abstract: Water needling is used to constantly subject the entire surface of a width of a goods line to water jets. However, it is also advantageous for units of commodity goods that are to be consolidated and optionally, if a cover nonwoven supporting these goods only needs to be consolidated around them or if a cover nonwoven is to be bonded around the goods. All possible patterns, such as line or strip consolidation, are advantageous. This is made possible by the invention, which provides for measures which specifically control, e.g. partially impede and/or interrupt the flow of the water jets from a water beam. This can occur by means of cover panels which advance with the line, supported by a screen or by means of a screen alone. Individually movable, computer-controlled nozzles are also advantageous for partial consolidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2008
    Assignees: Fleissner GmbH & Co. Maschinenfabrik, Lohmann GmbH & co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Barth, Alfred Watzl, Ullrich Münstermann, Thomas Fechter
  • Patent number: 7350724
    Abstract: The invention concerns a water spraying device comprising a filter and a perforated plate which can be removed by being slid respectively through an opening or a hole emerging into a well provided in the body. A pin being inserted in the well to maintain two plugs of the opening and of the holes when the pin is entirely inserted in the well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Rieter Perfojet
    Inventors: Frédéric Noelle, Christian Decolin
  • Patent number: 7276132
    Abstract: A method of preparing a reinforcing structure for use in manufacture a pultruded part where the reinforcing structure is pulled through a pultrusion die in a continuous longitudinal pull direction. The method includes arranging a plurality of first reinforcing fibers in a transverse direction and attaching a permeable transport web of staple fibers to the first reinforcing fibers such that the portion of the first reinforcing fibers oriented in the direction transverse comprises at least 30% of a volume of materials comprising the reinforcing structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2007
    Assignee: Pella Corporation
    Inventors: Laurence W. Davies, Peter J. Fritz, Kenneth D. Beer
  • Patent number: 6987075
    Abstract: The present invention describes a new mattress cover sheet with barrier effect against bacteria and parasites, consisting of a spunlace fiber based fabric. The spunlace fabric mattress cover can be produced in a structure with one or more layers, and can contain antibacterial substances. The sheet subject of the invention provides an effective barrier between the person and the mattress, in particular avoiding the transfer of pollutants from the mattress to the person and at the same time protecting the hygiene of the mattress itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2006
    Assignee: Orlandi S.p.A.
    Inventor: Vittorio Orlandi
  • Patent number: 6881288
    Abstract: A method of preparing a reinforcing structure for use in manufacture a pultruded part where the reinforcing structure is pulled through a pultrusion die in a continuous longitudinal pull direction. The method includes arranging a plurality of first reinforcing fibers in a transverse direction and attaching a permeable transport web of staple fibers to the first reinforcing fibers such that the portion of the first reinforcing fibers oriented in the direction transverse comprises at least 40% of a volume of materials comprising the reinforcing structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Pella Corporation
    Inventors: Laurence W. Davies, Peter J. Fritz, Kenneth D. Beer
  • Patent number: 6872273
    Abstract: A method of making a pultruded part having a uniform cross-section using a novel reinforcing mat. The method comprises orienting a plurality of longitudinal rovings along a longitudinal axis of a pultrusion die; providing a reinforcing structure comprising a permeable transport web of staple fibers attached to a plurality of first reinforcing fibers oriented so that the portion of the first reinforcing fibers oriented in a direction transverse to the longitudinal axis comprises at least 40% of a volume of materials comprising the reinforcing structure; shaping the reinforcing structure to generally conform with a profile of the pultrusion die; combining a resin matrix with the longitudinal rovings and the reinforcing structure in the pultrusion die so that the longitudinal rovings and the reinforcing structure are substantially surrounded by the resin matrix; at least partially curing the resin matrix in the pultrusion die; and pulling the pultruded part from the pultrusion die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Pella Corporation
    Inventors: Laurence W. Davies, Peter J. Fritz, Kenneth D. Beer
  • Patent number: 6823568
    Abstract: A nonwoven fabric suitable to be used as a kitchen paper including thermoplastic synthetic fibers being 7˜30 mm long and as fine as of 0.1˜0.8 d, in 90˜10% by weight and pulp fibers being 2˜7 mm long, in 10˜90% by weight, these component fibers being mixed together as homogeneously as possible and mechanically entangled so as to have a basis weight of 10˜80 g/m2 as a whole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Uni-Charm Corporation
    Inventors: Toshio Kobayashi, Miou Suzuki, Naohito Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 6790796
    Abstract: An industrial fabric used in the form of an endless fabric belt to form and convey a nonwoven fiber web during the manufacture of a nonwoven fabric has a web-supporting surface which includes rough-surface yarns which inhibit movement, namely, slippage, of the nonwoven fiber web relative to the web-supporting surface. Preferably, the rough-surface yarns make long floats in one or both directions, that is, lengthwise and/or crosswise, on the web-supporting surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: Albany International Corp.
    Inventors: Scott Sheldon Smith, Paul Allen Zimmerman, Mark Joseph Levine
  • Patent number: 6782590
    Abstract: A velour fabric article consists of a fabric body having a technical face formed by a filament stitch yarn and a technical back formed by a loop yarn. The filament stitch yarn includes a heat sensitive material, e.g. a hot melt material or a heat shrinkable material, and/or an elastomeric material, such as spandex. The loop yarn includes flame retardant material, such as M-Aramide fiber. The fabric body has a velour surface formed at one or both of the technical back and the technical face. Raised fibers of at least one of the technical face and the technical back may be entangled, including in and/or through interstices of the fabric body, toward the other of the technical face and the technical back, e.g., by a hydroentanglement process applied after finishing. The fabric body has permeability of about 90 ft3/ft2/min, or less, under a pressure difference of ½ inch of water across the fabric body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Maiden Mills Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Moshe Rock, Edward P. Dionne, Charles Haryslak, William K. Lie, Douglas Lumb, Jane Hunter
  • Patent number: 6770867
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for calibration of a scanned beam system are provided by sampling a calibration specimen containing an array of targets with a spacing between samples that is greater than the spacing between targets in the array and forming an image from the samples to reduce calibration specimen degradation and to magnify calibration errors to enable very fine calibration of the scanned beam system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: FEI Company
    Inventors: Henri J. Lezec, Christian R. Musil
  • Patent number: 6753063
    Abstract: The present invention relates to personal cleansing wipes articles which have superior softness, feel and cleansing properties. The wipes of the present invention comprise a substrate and an aqueous liquid cleansing composition which is coated onto or impregnated into said substrate to the extent of from about 100% to about 400% by weight of the substrate. The substrate is a single-layer, nonwoven substrate which is formed from hydroentangled fibers. Upon a substantial portion of a base surface comprising the substrate there exists a three-dimensional pattern comprising a plurality of discrete, raised fibrous regions. The raised fibrous regions have a density which is substantially the same as the density of the base surface. The raised fibrous regions are joined to the base surface by a fibrous transition region. The aqueous liquid cleansing composition comprises an effective amount of a cleansing surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: David John Pung, Steven Kirk Hedges, Frank Lin, Marcus Wayne Evans
  • Patent number: 6743519
    Abstract: An improved leather formed of a leather having an internal matrix and a fiber matrix coupled to the leather matrix, the coupling creating a supplementary fiber matrix in the leather which enhances a characteristic of the leather. The improved leather includes fibers from the fiber matrix which pierce the leather in many locations and interlocking with other fibers both within the internal matrix of the leather and on a first surface of the leather. The improved leather is useful for gloves, shoes, garments, luggage and upholstery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2004
    Assignee: Bali Leathers, Inc.
    Inventor: John D. Widdemer
  • Patent number: 6695941
    Abstract: A method of forming a nonwoven fabric suitable for metal-finishing buffing operations includes providing a precursor web comprising polyester, staple length fibers, with hydroentanglement of the web effected to impart desired physical characteristics. Hydroentanglement is effected on a three-dimensional, image transfer device having an array of three-dimensional surface elements for patterning the fabric which is formed. Application of a binder composition lends desired durability to the fabric, with the binder composition preferably including a melamine polymeric composition to achieve the desired strength and abrasion resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Herbert P. Hartgrove, Robert Gregory Rabon, Edwin Gregory Browne, Cheryl L. Carlson, Nick Mark Carter
  • Patent number: 6692541
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to a method of making nonwoven fabrics, wherein the fabrics are formed from splittable filaments or staple length fibers having a plurality of sub-components which are at least partially separable. The filaments or fibers are at least partially separated into their sub-components attendant to hydroentanglement, which can be effected on a three-dimensional image transfer device. Improved physical properties, including improved tensile strength, elongation, and Taber Abrasion resistance are achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2004
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Cheryl Carlson, John Elves, Kyra Dorsey, Ralph A. Moody, III, Valeria Erdos
  • Publication number: 20040029479
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of forming a nonwoven fabric, which exhibits a plurality of three-dimensional images whereby the fabric is comprised of at least a first and second three-dimensional image that are dissimilar from one another. The three-dimensional images may be imparted into the fabric in a co-planar arrangement, multi-planar arrangement, or by utilizing both arrangements within the same fabric. Further, the present invention contemplates a fabric comprised of a plurality of three-dimensional images which can provide the fabric with various physical and/or aesthetic performances.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2003
    Publication date: February 12, 2004
    Inventors: Jerry Snider, Andrew Delaney, Nick Carter, Cheryl Carlson, Julie Thompson, Jennifer Mayhorn
  • Patent number: 6673204
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for manufacturing a non-woven fabric, in which a predetermined pattern of a forming body is transferred to a non-woven fabric immediately after or simultaneously with its formation by urging the non-woven fabric onto the forming body with water jets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Assignee: Uni-Charm Corporation
    Inventors: Hisashi Takai, Kazuya Okada, Takayoshi Konishi
  • Patent number: 6669799
    Abstract: A nonwoven fabric, and method of production, are disclosed, wherein the nonwoven fabric comprises textile length fibers with a portion being thermally fusible. The fabric exhibits sufficient durability to withstand commercial dyeing processes, with the resultant fabric finding widespread applicability by virtue of its durability and aesthetic appeal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Putnam, Herbert P. Hartgrove, Robert Gregory Rabon
  • Publication number: 20030143912
    Abstract: A method of forming durable nonwoven fabrics by hydroentanglement includes providing a precursor web comprising a blend of matrix fibers, lyocell fibers, and fusible binder fibers. The precursor web is subjected to hydroentanglement on a three-dimensional image transfer device to create a patterned and imaged fabric. Fabrics formed in accordance with the present invention exhibit significant improvements in strength while remaining drapeable and are capable of withstanding multiple laundry washing with nominal shrinkage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Publication date: July 31, 2003
    Inventors: Samuel K. Black, Sergio Diaz De Leon
  • Patent number: 6568049
    Abstract: The method for hydraulic seaming together of two layers of consolidated nonwoven fabric in one or two directions simultaneously provides soft, supple seam lines, along which formed seam lines, cuts can be made for producing bag like articles from the seamed layers, such as, for example, pillow cases, or industrial filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Putnam
  • Publication number: 20030087575
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of creating a textured nonwoven fabric for apparel and home fashions applications, wherein the nonwoven fabric becomes aesthetically altered upon laundering. Once laundered during manufacture, the nonwoven fabric exhibits a permanent distressed appearance that becomes an integral part of the fabric. Subsequent to laundering, the fabric can be formed into a roll for shipment and storage. The distressed appearance of the nonwoven fabric is best described by comparing the laundered fabric to an elephant's skin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2001
    Publication date: May 8, 2003
    Inventors: Cheryl Carlson, Wayne Rhodes, Jim Lenox
  • Patent number: 6557224
    Abstract: Colored patterning of a web-shaped nonwoven or a composite made of a nonwoven and a fabric or knit is achieved by water jet needling. The nonwoven provided as the upper layer of two layers is provided with one or more colors or is colored or printed itself and is placed on a second nonwoven or a woven or one that has a different color. Then both layers are subjected to the water jets that displace the fibers, with the colored fibers in the first layer being displaced into the second layer to produce a pattern on the underside of the second layer. It is also possible, instead of colored fibers in the nonwoven of the upper layer, to move them when they are not colored into a second layer that can have any color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: Fleissner GmbH & Co., Mashinenfabrik
    Inventor: Gerold Fleissner
  • Publication number: 20020100153
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for manufacturing a non-woven fabric, in which a predetermined pattern of a forming body is transferred to a non-woven fabric immediately after or simultaneously with its formation by urging the non-woven fabric onto the forming body with water jets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2001
    Publication date: August 1, 2002
    Applicant: Uni-Charm Corporation
    Inventors: Hisashi Takai, Kazuya Okada, Takayoshi Konishi
  • Patent number: 6412155
    Abstract: A device is known in which the bulky nonwoven arriving on a continuous belt for water needling is slowly compressed between a needling drum and another belt and at the same time is wetted by a first water curtain from the nozzle bank; its water jets first flow through the continuous belt and then the fiber web and ultimately the needling drum. There is a simpler and thus more economically producible device of this type when instead of the needling drum this compacting unit consists only of two continuous belts which however should be guided such that at the inlet the two working sides of the continuous belts slowly compact and press the incoming nonwoven, and then the belts lying on one another are moved past the nozzle bank as they are held pressed. Additional deflection rollers are used for this purpose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Fleissner GmbH & Co., Maschinenfabrik
    Inventor: Gerold Fleissner
  • Patent number: 6375889
    Abstract: A method of producing a non-woven fabric having a high recovery after elongation and a substantially uniform surface including the steps of microcrepeing the fabric between about 20% and 35%, and heat setting the fabric to a temperature between its glass transition temperature and its melting temperature. A non-woven fabric having a recovery of at least 40% after five cycles of 35% elongation is made from a microcreped fabric of basis weight from 1-3.5 osy. The non-woven fabric has a uniform surface that is substantially free of bunching, gathering, and that is otherwise substantially flat to the eye and touch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Rory Holmes, Jerry Yang
  • Publication number: 20020034914
    Abstract: A multi-component nonwoven fabric can be formed with integrated liquid-acceptance and liquid-distribution layers by hydroentanglement on a three-dimensional image transfer device. Appropriate fiber selection promotes efficient fluid management, with the fabric optionally being provided with a liquid-retention layer. The invention further contemplates the formation of liquid-retention layers by hydroentanglement, with such layers exhibiting desirably high structural integrity, while providing the desired absorbent characteristics required for use in disposable absorbent products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2001
    Publication date: March 21, 2002
    Applicant: Polymer Group Inc.
    Inventors: Sergio Diaz De Leon, Cheryl Lynn Carlson, Nick Mark Carter
  • Publication number: 20020023326
    Abstract: A method of forming a nonwoven fabric suitable for metal-finishing buffing operations includes providing a precursor web comprising polyester, staple length fibers, with hydroentanglement of the web effected to impart desired physical characteristics. Hydroentanglement is effected on a three-dimensional, image transfer device having an array of three-dimensional surface elements for patterning the fabric which is formed. Application of a binder composition lends desired durability to the fabric, with the binder composition preferably including a melamine polymeric composition to achieve the desired strength and abrasion resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2001
    Publication date: February 28, 2002
    Inventors: Herbert P. Hartgrove, Robert Gregory Rabon, Edwin Gregory Browne, Cheryl L. Carlson, Nick Mark Carter
  • Publication number: 20020007540
    Abstract: A method of forming durable nonwoven fabrics by hydroentanglement includes providing a precursor web comprising a fibrous matrix of staple length fibers and/or substantially continuous filaments. The precursor web is subjected to hydroentanglement on a three-dimensional image transfer device to create a patterned and imaged fabric. Enhanced imaging is achieved by advancing the precursor web onto the movable imaging surface of the image transfer device at a rate substantially equal to the rate at which the image surface moves relative to one or more associated hydroentangling manifolds. Treatment with a polymeric binder composition enhances the integrity of the fabric, permitting it to exhibit desired physical characteristics, including strength, durability, softness, and drapeability. Mechanical compaction of the imaged and patterned fabric, such as by sanforizing, enhances the desired physical properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2001
    Publication date: January 24, 2002
    Inventors: Samuel K. Black, Charles Keith Curtis, Cheryl L. Carlson
  • Patent number: RE38105
    Abstract: A topographical support member and a method of forming a topographical support member for use in producing nonwoven fabrics with raised portions, especially intaglio and slub type portions. The topographical support member comprises a body having a top surface including a first micro-sized topographical pattern and a pattern of apertures extending through the body. At least one macro-sized region recessed below the top surface is provided. The micro-sized pattern produces a background portion of the fabric and the macro-sized recessed regions produce the raised portions of the fabric. Multiple levels may be provided in the macro-sized region to produce multiple level raised portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: McNeil-PPC, Inc.
    Inventors: William A. James, William G. F. Kelly