Multi-ply Fabric Patents (Class 28/158)
  • Patent number: 10687633
    Abstract: An inflatable bed is provided. The inflatable bed comprises a top sheet and a bottom sheet disposed vertically at an interval, at least one side wall, at least one first tensioning structure and at least one support structure. An upper edge of said side wall is coupled to an outer edge of said top sheet. A lower edge of said side wall is coupled to an outer edge of said bottom sheet. An upper end and a lower end of said first tensioning structure are respectively coupled to said top sheet and said bottom sheet. Said support structure is disposed in a longitudinal direction of at least one of said side walls. At least two outside edges of said support structure are respectively coupled to the side wall adjacent. At least one inside edge of said support structure is coupled to the top sheet or bottom sheet adjacent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: BESTWAY INFLATABLES & MATERIAL CORP.
    Inventor: Feng Liu
  • Publication number: 20150132487
    Abstract: A three dimensional woven preform, a fiber reinforced composite incorporating the preform, and methods of making thereof are disclosed. The woven preform includes one or more layers of a warp steered fabric. A portion of the warp steered fabric is compressed into a mold to form an upstanding leg. The preform includes the upstanding leg and a joggle in a body portion. The body portion and upstanding leg are integrally woven so there is continuous fiber across the preform. A portion of the warp steered fabric includes stretch broken carbon fibers in the warp direction, and another portion includes conventional carbon fibers. The warp steered fabric can be woven on a loom equipped with a differential take-up mechanism. The warp steered fabric can be a single or multilayer fabric. The preform or the composite can be a portion of an aircraft window frame.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2015
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: Albany Engineered Composites, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan Goering, Craig Rowles
  • Publication number: 20150121820
    Abstract: Various embodiments of a saddle pad are disclosed. In one example, the saddle pad a includes, by weight, from about 70% to about 95% by weight animal fiber of at least one of the Camelidae Family and the Bovidae Family and from about 5% to about 30% of an alternative fiber material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Carlee S. Mahajan
  • Publication number: 20150126090
    Abstract: The invention discloses high performance layered textile materials including at least one nonwoven layer sandwiched in between at least one first yarn based substrate layer and at least one second yarn based substrate layer. The non-woven layer has a first face and a second face, the first face being attached to and mechanically entangled with the first yarn based substrate layer and the second face being attached to and mechanically entangled with the second yarn based substrate layer. The formed integral material does not require assembly of individual layers prior to forming a finished product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: TEX-TECH INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas Nelson, Eric Barter, Robert Nelson
  • Publication number: 20140366344
    Abstract: Provided are a reinforced fabric for substitution of vinyl and its manufacturing method which comprises a process (s1)) in which a HDPE and a UV reinforcing agent are mixed and liquefied and processed into a film; a thread manufacture process (s2); an elongation-cooling process (s3); a weaving process (s4); an original tissue recovery process; a LDPE-UV mixing liquid coating process; and a cutting or linking process (s7). The reinforced fabric for substitution of vinyl manufactured through the above described processes has an enhanced resistance with respect to durability and temperature and moisture, so the service life can be prolonged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventor: Geon Yong BAEK
  • Publication number: 20140352173
    Abstract: An article of footwear incorporates a textile upper. The upper comprises a knitted component. The knitted component may be warp knitted. The knitted component has an outer side and an inner side that can have different knit configurations. The knitted component can also incorporate portions of a single layer construction and portions of a double layer construction. The double layer construction forms pockets on portions of the knitted component. Inserts can be placed into the pockets to provide support, stability, or other desired properties to the portions of the knitted component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Thomas G. Bell, Bhupesh Dua, Julie Huffman, Amy Lyttle
  • Publication number: 20140350577
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an openwork prosthetic knit (1) made from a single piece based on first yarns of biocompatible polymer materials that define a first face (2) and a second face that are opposite one another and on a second biocompatible yarn that generates barbs (3) that protrude outwards from at least said first face, characterized in that said first face comprises at least one zone in which it is provided with said barbs and at least one zone (5) in which it is free of such barbs. It also relates to a process for manufacturing such a knit (1) and to a prosthesis comprising such a knit (1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: Sofradim Production
    Inventors: Julie Lecuivre, Pierre Bailly
  • Publication number: 20140283944
    Abstract: A method of producing a fiber preform, including forming a weaved preform fabric with a connection zone and multiple layers extending therefrom, each layer having an edge attached to the connection zone with a remainder of the layers extending freely from each other and from the connection zone, the attached edges being parallel and adjacent one another, each of the layers having a weaved structure including warp yarns extending at least substantially parallel to the attached edges and weft yarns extending at least substantially perpendicularly to the warp yarns, deforming at least one of the layers along a direction at least substantially parallel to the warp yarns until the weft yarns thereof have a corresponding desired orientation with respect to the warp yarns, and attaching the layers together away from the attached edges. A method of forming a weaved preform fabric for a fiber preform is also discussed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: Groupe CTT Inc.
    Inventors: Nicolas Juillard, Olivier Guy Robert Vermeersch, Jonathan Levesque
  • Publication number: 20140227474
    Abstract: This present invention relates to a multilayered fabric consisting of several twin layers, whereby each twin layers is constructed from two layers, namely one layer from structurally arranged reinforcement fibres Vo, Vm and Vu such as for example carbon fibres, and one layer from structurally arranged thermoplastic matrix fibres M1 and M2, such as for example PEEK fibres. Several twin layers are connected with binder fibre B. Additionally the invention comprises use of the multilayer fabric as a semi-finished product and for manufacture of composites plus a process for manufacture of composites using a special multilayered fabric with an “Advanced Synchron Weave” zero crimp fabric structure (FIG. 1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: C. CRAMER, WEBEREI, HEEK-NIENBORG, GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventor: Johannes Cramer
  • Publication number: 20140205795
    Abstract: This present application relates to a three dimensional negative Poisson's ratio spacer knitted fabric and a method for making the same; the fabric includes a first surface layer fabric, a second surface layer fabric, and a spacer yarn layer connecting the first surface layer fabric with the second surface layer fabric, both the first surface layer fabric and the second surface layer fabric are bi-dimensional structures having the negative Poisson's ratio effects; the method is to compress and/or stretch a three dimensional mesh spacer knitted base fabric along one or two plane directions to form a structures having the negative Poisson's ratio effects. The advantages of the present application include low making cost, simple operation method, significant negative Poisson's ratio effects, good elastic recovery, and high practical application value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel Limited
    Inventor: Hong Hu
  • Publication number: 20140090942
    Abstract: A security luggage bag having multi layered walls defining a storage volume and at least one of the walls has a reinforcing layer comprised of a fabric with a reinforcing wire strand on a surface of the fabric, the reinforcing strand being fixed to the fabric as with stitching, tape or welds extending lengthwise along the reinforcing strand.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: MRM HK LTD
    Inventor: Robert Wesley Schlipper
  • Publication number: 20140080373
    Abstract: Spacer textiles are disclosed comprising a first and a second fabric layer with filaments of poly ether ether ketone N(PEEK) connecting the layers. Preferably the first or second fabric layer comprise aramid yarn. The fabric layers may be of mesh construction or a closed structure fabric. Also disclosed are methods for producing such spacer textiles preferably by knitting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: Heathcoat Fabrics Limited
    Inventor: George Keitch
  • Publication number: 20130239376
    Abstract: In various embodiments, the present disclosure relates generally to a method for needling a spiral textile to create a needled preform, the method comprising receiving the spiral textile on a bed plate of a circular needle loom, engaging a positional structure of the spiral textile, rotating the spiral textile around the circular needle loom, depositing a predetermined number of layers of the spiral textile on the bed plate, and needling the spiral textile to create the needled preform. Moreover, the present disclosure also provides, in various embodiments, a method for creating a circular needled preform from a spiral textile, comprising attaching sacrificial fibers to at least one of the weft tow and the plurality of warp tows proximate at least one of the inside diameter and the outside diameter, and engaging the sacrificial fibers with an engagement mechanism on a circular needle loom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: Goodrich Corporation
    Inventor: Jean-Francois Lecostaouec
  • Publication number: 20130232745
    Abstract: The invention relates to a production method for a burner fabric membrane (1) consisting of special steel fabric layers for burning fuel/air mixtures. Additional passages (4) in the fabric (8) are produced by the displacement of the fabric and the mouths of the passages protrude from the membrane surface (3).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2011
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Inventors: Ulrich Dreizler, Daniel Dreizler
  • Publication number: 20130216770
    Abstract: A woven preform for a reinforced composite material, which may be woven flat and folded into shape. The preform has off-axis reinforcement with one or more legs and/or base extending in an off axis or bias (non 0/90 degree) orientation with respect to the warp/weft fibers. One or more legs extend from a base, the base and legs each having at least two layers of warp fibers. The legs may be parallel or angled to each other. The outer ends of the base and/or the legs may have tapers formed from terminating layers of warp fibers in a stepped or angled pattern.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: Albany Engineered Composites Inc.
    Inventors: Brock GILBERTSON, Jonathan GOERING
  • Publication number: 20130157002
    Abstract: A method including: providing a portion of double cloth including a first layer joined to a second layer, the layers being joined by a two-dimensional distribution of joining threads obtained by weaving; detaching the first layer from the second layer along an edge zone of the double cloth, to define on the first layer a band in which the first layer is separated from the second layer; cutting the band of the first layer, so that the second layer exhibits a projecting strip which projects with respect to a free edge of the first layer; arranging a further portion of fabric in contact with the second layer; joining the further portion of fabric to the second layer by a joining line arranged along the projecting strip; after the step of joining, turning the further portion of fabric, to move the further portion of fabric away from the second layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: MAX MARA S.R.L. SOCIETA' UNIPERSONALE
    Inventor: MAX MARA S.R.L. SOCIETA' UNIPERSONALE
  • Publication number: 20130101787
    Abstract: Highly uniform woven fibrous structures formed from fibrous tapes, wherein the tapes constitute the warp and weft tapes of a woven fabric. The individual fibrous tapes may be woven or non-woven, and may be formed as narrow tapes or may be cut from a wider fabric web.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2012
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventor: Honeywell International Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130042390
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure relate generally to body gear having designed performance characteristics, and in particular to methods and apparatuses that utilize an array of heat managing elements coupled to a base material to direct body heat while also maintaining the desired transfer properties of the base material. In some embodiments, the heat managing material elements include heat management elements that reflect heat or conduct heat, and may be directed towards the body of a user or away from the body of the user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Publication date: February 21, 2013
    Applicant: Columbia Sportswear North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Columbia Sportswear North America, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130040081
    Abstract: A multilayer textile sleeve and method of construction thereof is provided. The sleeve includes a textile wall having opposite edges extending lengthwise along a longitudinal axis of the sleeve between opposite ends. The opposite edges are configured to overlap one another to bound a central cavity of the sleeve. The wall has an inner layer with opposite inner and outer faces and an outer layer with opposite inner and outer faces. The inner and outer layers overlap one another and are constructed of interlinked yarn. The inner and outer layers are integrally connected to one another across interlinked portions adjacent the opposite edges by yarn common to each of the inner and outer layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Masanori Yoshimura, Cassie M. Malloy, Zhong Huai Zhang, Linwood Ludy, Danny Winters
  • Publication number: 20120301691
    Abstract: A thermostructural composite material part including carbon or ceramic fiber reinforcement densified by a matrix having at least one thin portion in which: the thickness of the part is less than 2 mm, or indeed less than 1 mm; the fiber reinforcement is made as a single thickness of multilayer fabric made of spread yarns having a weight of not less than 200 tex; the fiber volume ratio lies in the range 25% to 45%; and the ratio between the number of layers of the multilayer fabric and the thickness in millimeters of the part is not less than four.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Inventors: François Charleux, Dominique Coupe, Eric Philippe
  • Publication number: 20120263928
    Abstract: For the production of spatial textile articles (12) a base material with two or more layers is used, the two layers (16, 17) of said material exhibiting at least locally different shrinkage potentials. Then, during a suitable process, the shrinkage potential is released fully or in part due to thermal action, other physical action or chemical action, thus causing a spatial arching of the starting material and, in doing so, resulting in the manufacture of the desired textile article (12).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: Groz-Beckert KG
    Inventors: Eric Schöller, Gustav Wizemann, Christopher Hichung Moon
  • Publication number: 20120174358
    Abstract: Crimp-imbalanced protective fabric is accomplished by varying the levels of yarn crimp within and across a layer or layers of a multi-layer fabric armor system. The method includes developing a crimp in the yarn (utilized for producing a fiber layer) by pulling the yarn through a solution that substantially coats the yarn. The removable coating has a thickness that ensures a proper amount of crimp in the yarn. The tension in the yarn is controlled; the yarn is weaved; and a crimp is applied in the yarn. Once the crimp is applied, families of the crimped yarn are utilized as a layer or layered to produce a soft armor form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2009
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventor: Paul V. Cavallaro
  • Publication number: 20120164370
    Abstract: A fabric assembly particularly useful in ballistic resistant armor has two separate sections each containing a number of fabrics made from yarns having a tenacity of at least 7.3 grams per dtex and a modulus of at least 100 grams per dtex. Compressed fabrics in the first section are employed and are connected by connectors that have a force to break in tension not greater than 180 N and define areas on the outer surfaces of the compressed fabric in a range from 15 to 350 square mm. Fabrics in the second section have at most a small amount of compression and are not joined other than to prevent slippage of the fabrics relative to one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Leopoldo Alejandro Carbajal
  • Publication number: 20120160086
    Abstract: A fabric assembly particularly useful in ballistic resistant armor has two separate sections each containing a number of fabrics made from yarns having a tenacity of at least 7.3 grams per dtex and a modulus of at least 100 grams per dtex. Compressed fabrics in the first section are employed and connected by a connector having a force to break in tension not greater than 180 N to form delineated areas in a range from 15 square mm to 350 square mm. Fabrics in the second section are not compressed and are not joined other than to prevent slippage of the fabrics relative to one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Leopoldo Alejandro Carbajal
  • Publication number: 20110014403
    Abstract: A method for fabricating multilayer fabrics having a prescribed integration pattern and an apparatus of implementing same. In one embodiment, the method include the steps of providing a plurality of winding yarn carriers arranged in a multilayer structure along a first direction and configured such that each winding yarn carrier is operably movable with respect to one another along a second direction that is perpendicular to the first direction, forming a plurality of crossover points of the winding yarns by moving at least one winding yarn carrier along the second direction according to the integration pattern, transporting the binder yarns through the plurality of winding yarn layers at predetermined locations along the first direction, and locking the binder yarns in place, pushing the binder yarns toward the fell of the multilayer fabrics, and taking up the formed multilayer fabrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Publication date: January 20, 2011
    Applicants: Stoneferry Technology, LLC, Sinoma Science & Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Youjiang Wang, Qian Zhao, Zhong Mi Xing, Jianzhong Zhang
  • Publication number: 20100252219
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a press felt for a machine for the production and/or processing of a fibrous web including a carrier structure which fundamentally influences the dimensional stability of the felt. The carrier structure includes a flat manufactured textile fabric formed from longitudinal threads, transverse threads crossing the longitudinal threads, and sewing threads which connect the longitudinal and transverse threads with each other at the crossing points. The textile fabric is longer than the carrier structure and is laid onto itself in sections such that the carrier structure is formed by several layers of the textile fabric, extending respectively along the entire length of the carrier structure. The layers are connected with each other, at least in sections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Publication date: October 7, 2010
    Inventor: Uwe Köckritz
  • Publication number: 20090282596
    Abstract: The present invention relates to body armor articles for resisting ballistic objects. The articles comprise woven fabric layers and sheet layers. The woven fabric layers are made from yarns having a tenacity of at least 7.3 grams per dtex and a modulus of at least 100 grams per dtex. The sheet layers comprise nonwoven random oriented fibrous sheets, each of the sheet layers comprising a uniform mixture of 3 to 60 weight percent polymeric binder and 40 to 97 weight percent non-fibrillated fibers. The woven fabric layers and the sheet layers are stacked together comprising a first core section which includes at least two repeating units of, in order, at least one of the woven fabric layers then at least one of the sheet layers. The sheet layers comprise 0.5 to 30 wt % of the total weight of the article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2008
    Publication date: November 19, 2009
    Inventors: Leopoldo Alejandro Carbajal, Ronald G. Egres, JR.
  • Patent number: 7516525
    Abstract: A process for making chemical protective wipes is disclosed. A top layer is fully needlepunched (102). A bottom layer is fully needlepunched (104). Then, an adsorption layer is sandwiched between the top layer and the bottom layer (106). Then, the sandwich is fully needlepunched (108).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: Texas Tech University
    Inventor: Seshadri S. Ramkumar
  • Publication number: 20080220703
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an abrasive backing and abrasive cloth and more particularly, to an abrasive backing including an upper weave layer and a lower weave layer which are comprised with warps and wefts, and a binding yarn which connects the upper weave layer and the lower weave layer, wherein the abrasive backing is woven by using the wefts of the upper weave layer having a different thickness from those of the lower weave layer. when the weft of the upper weave layer and that of the lower weave layer have a different thickness, the upper weave layer and the lower weave layer may have uneven surface having different details and coat abrasive materials having different grain sizes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2008
    Publication date: September 11, 2008
    Inventor: Sang-Soo Jung
  • Publication number: 20040023586
    Abstract: A fibrous blanket material is provided having a first fibrous layer selected from a group of fibers consisting of polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, fiberglass, natural fibers, nylon, rayon and blends thereof and a layer of meltblown polypropylene fibers. In an alternative embodiment the blanket may also include a second fibrous layer made of the same material as the first layer where the layer of meltblown polypropylene fibers is sandwiched between the two fibrous layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2002
    Publication date: February 5, 2004
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Tilton
  • Publication number: 20030200599
    Abstract: A composite camouflage composition includes a substrate and a plurality of individual strips of camouflage material being spaced apart and adhered to the substrate along a bonding axis, each strip of the plurality of individual strips of camouflage material presenting a plurality of lobes adjacent the bonding axis, each strip of the plurality of individual strips of camouflage material being gathered at points along the bonding axis such that more than one layer of each strip of the plurality of individual strips of camouflage material is adhered to the substrate at such points. A garment and a method of forming the camouflage composition is further included.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2002
    Publication date: October 30, 2003
    Inventors: Scott S. Shultz, Alan Lee
  • Publication number: 20030150090
    Abstract: A method for forming a composite absorbent member is provided that includes:
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2002
    Publication date: August 14, 2003
    Applicant: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Patsy A. Krautkramer, Maureen M. Falls, Robert John Makolin, Glory Framary Ceman, William Reeves, Garry Roland Woltman
  • Publication number: 20030131457
    Abstract: A method for forming a composite absorbent member is provided that includes:
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Publication date: July 17, 2003
    Applicant: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Patsy A. Krautkramer, Maureen M. Falls, Robert John Makolin, Glory Framary Ceman, Willaim Reeves, Garry Ronald Woltman
  • Patent number: 6282764
    Abstract: A process for personalizing a mounting plate of a plurality of layers of a mounting plate material and a plurality of layers of fibrous material layered over the layers of mounting plate material, which involves joining the fibrous material layers to the mounting plate material layers by penetrating a predetermined number of wick-like extensions of the fibrous material into the mounting plate material to a predetermined depth in the mounting plate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Assignee: Fabricas Lucia Antonio Betere, S.A. (Flabesa)
    Inventors: Manuel Alba Ruiz, Fernando Lopez Diaz
  • Patent number: 6145348
    Abstract: A composite structure manufactured on a knit stitch machine and including a pair of preformed substrates joined together by a knitted yarn system while being separated by portions of the yarn system. Preferably the yarn is bulked after knitting and defines a plurality of supports between the substrates. The composite is produced by feeding the substrates through a knit stitch machine, on opposite sides of a spacer bar and developing the knit stitches of the yarn system through and about the substrates while located on opposite sides of the spacer bar. After the composite is produced it preferably is subjected to heat to cause yarn of the yarn system to bulk and form supports between the substrates. The composites may be enclosed in sealed polymeric envelopes to form a cushioning pad, or may be used for filtration, insulation or other uses. The process of producing the composite and the spacer bar are also disclosed and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Tietex International, Inc.
    Inventors: Mike Hardegree, Martin Wildeman, Brian Callaway, John Broughton
  • Patent number: 5879779
    Abstract: An improved stitchbonded nonwoven fabric having repeating patterns of stitches in a fibrous layer is prepared with a stitching thread that consists essentially of fiber of partially molecularly oriented synthetic organic polymer. The fabric can be stretched, shrunken, and/or heat set and is particularly suited for thermoforming operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1999
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co.
    Inventor: Dimitri Peter Zafiroglu
  • Patent number: 5776547
    Abstract: A geosynthetic clay liner with a low permeability or controlled permeability intermediate sheet is provided. The liner includes two outer sheets with two layers of bentonite and an intermediate sheet disposed therebetween. The intermediate sheet may be rippled or deformed to enhance the structural stability of the liner. The intermediate sheet may be chosen from a material with low or ultra-low permeability characteristics or may be chosen from a material with controlled or directional permeability characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Assignee: Claymax Corporation
    Inventors: Richard W. Carriker, John M. Fuller
  • Patent number: 5569430
    Abstract: A method of making a roofing membrane having a reinforcing fabric saturated with a bituminous material. The reinforcing fabric comprises a first fiberglass scrim layer to which is stitched a non-woven polyester mat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Milliken Research Corporation
    Inventors: Brian Callaway, Morris D. Moore, III
  • Patent number: 5387454
    Abstract: To make a velour needle felt, an optionally pre-needled staple fiber non-woven web is applied to a revolving brushlike support and is then needled to form a pile on the side which faces the support. To increase the resistance of the velour needle felt to distortion, it is proposed that a layer which has a higher resistance to distortion than the staple fiber non-woven web and consists particularly of a spun-bonded web is applied to the brushlike support before the staple fiber non-woven web is applied thereto and that the pile fibers are pulled in the needling operation through the layer which has the higher resistance to distortion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1995
    Assignee: Textilmaschinenfabrik Dr. Ernst Fehrer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Rudolf Werner
  • Patent number: 5361466
    Abstract: A synthetic microfiber blanket having a uniform thickness is formed from a nonuniform blanket having thin or feathered lateral edges. The nonuniform blanket is cut transversely into a plurality of discrete pieces of blanket of uniform length. The plurality of discrete pieces of blanket are arranged with the thin lateral edges in overlapping relationship to form a blanket of a desired width and thickness. The overlapped, discrete pieces of blanket are then joined into an integral blanket of uniform width and thickness by entangling together fibers of adjacent pieces of blanket. A scrim backing can be incorporated into the blanket for added strength and dimensional stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1994
    Assignee: Schuller International, Inc.
    Inventors: John S. Robertson, Stephen E. Gross
  • Patent number: 5203186
    Abstract: A stitchbonded nonwoven fabric which comprises a fibrous layer is reinforced in a first direction with bulkable thread and in a second direction with substantially inextensible thread, the reinforcing directions being at an angle of at least 50 degrees with each other, exhibits superior strength, resistance to splitting and repeated washability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Dimitri P. Zafiroglu
  • Patent number: 5189769
    Abstract: A method of making a multi-layer non-woven multiple biased fabric is disclosed. A layer of fabric is directed in a longitudinal direction of travel, wherein the layer of fabric is comprised of a plurality of structural fibers oriented substantially parallel to each other and oriented at an angle to the longitudinal center line of the fabric. The layer of fabric may or may not be previously biased. If not previously biased, then the structural yarns of the fabric are biased in a biasing stage to form a layer of single bias structural fabric having the structural fibers biased to the fabric centerline. The single biased fabric layer is led into at least one folding stage for folding the biased layer longitudinally from one edge toward another to form a multiple biased fabric. The multiple biased fabric is led from the at least one folding stage into an affixing stage for affixing the multiple biased fabric together to provide a single structural fabric being multiple biased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Bay Mills Limited
    Inventor: Roy Shoesmith
  • Patent number: 5164249
    Abstract: A multi-layered paper machine fabric having a preselected permeability value, comprising a single system of warp yarns and a multiple layers of weft yarns. The weft yarns include support surface weft yarns intermediate layer weft yarns and lower surface weft yarns all interwoven with the single system of warp yarns. The surface layer weft yarns are of a first thickness, the lower layer weft yarns are of a second thickness, and the intermediate layer of weft yarns are of a third thickness which differs from the first and second thicknesses. Certain ones of the support surface weft yarns are interwoven with the warp yarns to be vertically aligned with the lower surface weft yarns to form drainage channels therebetween. Certain of the intermediate weft yarns are interwoven with the warp yarns to be located intermediate of the surface weft yarns and the lower weft yarns and centrally of the drainage channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1992
    Assignee: Wangner Systems Corporation
    Inventors: John D. Tyler, Volker Ostermayer
  • Patent number: 4690084
    Abstract: A lightweight embroidered puffed design fabric (10) having puffed design elements (E) formed in a prescribed embroidered design (C) is disclosed. The design fabric includes a front fabric (A) on which the design is formed and a lightweight back fabric (B). The front and back fabrics are united by embroidery stitching (14) which forms a preshrink design pattern D for the puffed elements. Back fabric (B) is a gauze-type fabric which includes a relatively low count of highly shrinkable cotton weft and warp yarns (22, 24) loosely woven to form an open mesh 20 to facilitate full and uniform shrinking of the back fabric relative to said front fabric. Excess in the face of the front fabric forms puffed design elements (30, 32) in a manner controlled by preshrink design pattern D. In accordance with the method, front and back fabrics are united in composite fabric (11) by embroidering preshrink embroidered pattern (D) on front fabric (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1987
    Assignee: Krieger Corporation
    Inventor: David Krieger
  • Patent number: 4688502
    Abstract: A lightweight embroidered puffed design fabric (10) having puffed design elements (E) formed in a prescribed embroidered design (C) is disclosed. The design fabric includes a front fabric (A) on which the design is formed and a lightweight backing fabric (B). The front and backing fabrics are united by embroidery stitching (14) which forms a preshrink design pattern D for the puffed elements. Backing fabric (B) is a gauze-type fabric which includes a relatively low count of highly shrinkable cotton weft and warp yarns (22, 24) loosely woven to form an open mesh 20 to facilitate full and uniform shrinking of the back fabric relative to said front fabric. Excess in the face of the front fabric forms puffed design elements (30, 32) in a manner controlled by preshrink design pattern D. In accordance with the method, front and backing fabrics are united in composite fabric (11) by embroidering preshrink embroidered pattern (D) on front fabric (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1987
    Assignee: Krieger Corporation
    Inventor: David Krieger
  • Patent number: 4642261
    Abstract: A two-face, double-layer forming fabric having a tight bottom weft geometry. The fabric, in general, comprises first and second pluralities of cross-machine direction yarns and a plurality of machine direction yarns interwoven in accordance with a desired weave pattern to define a top layer and a bottom layer. The top layer, which receives paper stock, is defined by the first plurality of cross-machine direction yarns. The bottom layer, which contacts machine rolls, is defined by the second plurality of cross-machine direction yarns. The second plurality of yarns are heat shrinkable.In one embodiment of the fabric, all machine direction yarns are woven in an 8-shaft weave to provide a 1/3 twill on the top layer and a 1/7 twill on the bottom layer. The cross-machine direction floats formed by this weave pattern are flattened during heat treatment of the fabric because of shrinkage of the bottom layer cross-machine direction yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 10, 1987
    Assignee: Unaform Inc.
    Inventor: Ivan J. Fearnhead
  • Patent number: 4351874
    Abstract: A low permeability dryer fabric woven from monofilament plastic polymeric warp strands and weft strands in which at least some of the weft strands exhibit preferential softening under the influence of heat, said strands adapting to conform to mesh interstices and thereby restrict the passage of air through the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1982
    Assignee: JWI, Ltd.
    Inventor: Garry E. Kirby
  • Patent number: 4224372
    Abstract: The disclosure is of a fabric adapted as clothing for a papermaking machine. The fabric, which may be made endless, is useful to make dryer felts, wet felts and forming wires. The fabric of the invention comprises a plurality of crosswise yarns disposed in a plurality of separate layers, each layer being on a plane parallel to the crosswise plane of the fabric. A plurality of lengthwise yarns is interwoven with the crosswise yarns and binds the layers of crosswise yarns together to form a multilayer fabric. Structurally, the crosswise yarns in a given layer are separated from the adjacent crosswise yarns in adjacent layers at points along their length by void spaces within the body of the woven fabric. A synthetic, polymeric, thermoplastic resin foam fills, at least partially, the void spaces to control the void volume in the fabric of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1978
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1980
    Assignee: Albany International Corp.
    Inventor: Eric R. Romanski
  • Patent number: 4179776
    Abstract: An improved method for producing and processing deregistered and disorientated synthetic tow for forming fiber filled articles in which crimped registered tow is deregistered through pairs of rolls utilizing a non-continuous groove-threaded surface. The synthetic tow is dispersed and spread, and collected for continuous distribution into and envelopment by article surface material. The automatic process and apparatus associated therewith additionally form and finish the fiber filled articles themselves for additional fabrication processes or for use as is. Vacuum suction and reciprocating distribution of the open tow web may be varied as desired to arrive at particular article thicknesses directed towards particular article uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1979
    Inventor: Harold Wortman