Passive Restraint System Patents (Class 280/802)
  • Patent number: 10335619
    Abstract: A multifunction NFPA escape and ladder belt having multiple functions for firefighter and rescue worker work. The belt includes a front buckle and right and left side buckles, straps coupling the left and right side buckles to the front buckle and to one another. At least one of said straps includes a stitched loop portion formed with a stitching pattern configured to fail, and for the loop portion to unfold, when the side straps are under a sufficient tension load exceeding the breaking strength of the stitching pattern; that failure will occur before a structural failure in any other element or component of the belt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Fire Innovations LLC
    Inventor: Juancarlos Colorado
  • Patent number: 9981574
    Abstract: A system includes a shear member and an energy absorber. The shear member is configured to couple a seat portion to a base structure of a vehicle. The shear member is configured to sustain a first load without fracture and configured to inelastically deform under a second load. The second load is greater than the first load. The energy absorber is coupled to the seat portion and coupled to the base structure. The energy absorber is configured to absorb the energy following deformation of the shear member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: Wichita State University
    Inventor: Gerardo Olivares
  • Patent number: 9434349
    Abstract: A system includes a seat belt height adjuster, a seat belt retractor includes a payout sensor, and a seat. The seat includes a seat position sensor and a weight sensor configured to measure a weight of an occupant of the seat. The system includes a control module in communication with the payout sensor, the seat position sensor, and the weight sensor. The control module is programmed to calculate a size of the occupant based at least on the payout and the seat position. The control module is programmed to adjust a position of the seat belt height adjuster based at least on the size and weight of the occupant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: William Paul Perkins, Kenneth James Miller
  • Patent number: 9358953
    Abstract: A vehicle system includes a seat belt buckle configured to receive a seat belt. The seat belt buckle is moveable between a first position and a second position. A timer is configured to determine an amount of time that the seat belt buckle is in the second position. If the seat belt buckle is in the second position for longer than a predetermined amount of time, the timer outputs an alert signal representing a potential fault.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Mark A. Cuddihy, Brian Robert Spahn, Edward Joseph DeSmet, Benjamin Yilma
  • Patent number: 9254817
    Abstract: A vehicle has a pillar supporting a roof of the vehicle at its rear corners. The pillar provides an anchor point for a third row seat belt. The pillar has a front wall facing generally towards the front of the vehicle, a side wall and a back wall. A seat belt loop member comprising three legs in the form of a T-shape is fixed to the pillar. The first, loop-leg carries a cantilevered belt loop. The second, pad-leg is substantially aligned with the loop-leg and has a pad for abutment against the front wall. The third, anchor-leg, lies substantially orthogonal with respect to the loop and pad-legs and lies against the side wall of the pillar and is anchored to said side wall. The arrangement reduces the amount of reinforcement required for the pillar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Jaguar Land Rover Limited
    Inventor: Alex Lakic
  • Patent number: 9090224
    Abstract: A webbing catcher (10) for a vehicle seat belt (30) comprises an adjusting portion (12) pivoting between a release position and a retaining position and a retaining portion (18) arranged at the adjusting portion (12) and having a free end (20) over which the seat belt (30) can be put.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: TRW AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS & COMPONENTS GMBH
    Inventors: Guenter Burkhardtsmaier, Maike Seiler
  • Publication number: 20140291975
    Abstract: A belt presenter system for a seat belt system of a vehicle includes an arm (22) mounted on a vehicle pillar, wherein the arm (22) can adopt a feeding position (A) and a parking position (P). An end portion (40) of the arm (22) is connected to a fixed arm portion (36) via a hinge (42) so that the end portion (40) is bendable about a pivot axis relative to the fixed arm portion (36).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: TRW Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Seyffert, Karl Birk
  • Patent number: 8590934
    Abstract: A three-point automatic belt has an offering arm, which is rotatably mounted by means of a drive, for a seat in a vehicle. A rotatably mounted offering arm is designed as a belt strap part, which is stiffened in one plane, of a belt strap, and can be deflected by means of an electromotive drive. The deflectable, stiffened belt strap part can be deflected into a forward end position, in which the belt strap is offered to a vehicle occupant, into an intermediate or boarding position and into a rearward end position in which access to a storage compartment and/or a rear space and/or a rear seat is enabled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Daimler AG
    Inventors: Frank Fruehauf, Rolf Pemsel, Thomas Siegel
  • Patent number: 8573648
    Abstract: An apparatus for rotating a webbing guide of a seat belt for a vehicle may include a drive unit for moving a cable connected at one end thereof by controlling driving of a motor in response to an actuating signal or a stop signal, the webbing guide connected to the other end of the cable, and hingedly rotated to a first direction of a vehicular body as the cable moves in a second direction, and a return unit provided on the webbing guide, and providing an elastic force to the webbing guide so that the webbing guide hingedly rotated to the first direction of the vehicular body returns to the second direction of the vehicular body when the motor stops driving.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Autoliv Development AB
    Inventors: Woo Chul Park, Hyun Jeong You, Dong Sub Lee
  • Patent number: 7988196
    Abstract: A seatbelt assembly for motor vehicle occupant restraint applications of the three point type in which a lap belt section is formed of two layers of seatbelt webbing. The system may be implemented in connection with single or dual seatbelt retractors. A loop tongue is provided which is releasably affixed to a seatbelt buckle and has at least one slot which allows the free movement of webbing through the tongue between the use and storage conditions of the seatbelt system. An end of the webbing is also attached to the tongue. The system is operated by an occupant in a manner like a conventional three point restraint system using a single releasable attachment. Through the use of a pair of thicknesses of webbing in the lap belt section of the restraint system, control of reduced chest deflection and pelvic excursion may be provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Autoliv ASP, Inc.
    Inventor: Bin Wang
  • Publication number: 20110001310
    Abstract: A three-point automatic belt has an offering arm, which is rotatably mounted by means of a drive, for a seat in a vehicle. A rotatably mounted offering arm is designed as a belt strap part, which is stiffened in one plane, of a belt strap, and can be deflected by means of an electromotive drive. The deflectable, stiffened belt strap part can be deflected into a forward end position, in which the belt strap is offered to a vehicle occupant, into an intermediate or boarding position and into a rearward end position in which access to a storage compartment and/or a rear space and/or a rear seat is enabled.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: Daimler AG
    Inventors: Frank Fruehauf, Rolf Pemsel, Thomas Siegel
  • Patent number: 7815006
    Abstract: To provide a seat belt winding method, a seat belt retractor, and a seat belt apparatus capable of stopping the motor even when the seat belt is being wound and restarting the winding of the seat belt, and capable of reducing excess repetition of stopping and starting of the motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Tanaka, Daisuke Murakami
  • Publication number: 20100201108
    Abstract: A door trim covers a door body of a side door. An article storage portion is provided at a lower portion of the door trim. A seat is provided beside the side door so that the seat and the side door are overlapped when viewed from a vehicle side. A side airbag device includes an airbag which inflates beside the seat with gas supplied from an inflator at a vehicle side crash and protects chest and waist portions of a passenger. A recess is provided at the door trim. The recess is concaved toward a vehicle outside at an upper portion of the door trim above the article storage portion. A covering member which restrains the airbag from coming into the recess is provided at the door trim so as to cover almost half of the recess.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Publication date: August 12, 2010
    Applicant: MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yukio IWAYAMA, Shusuke OKADA, Masafumi SAKAKIDA, Masaki MOTOKI
  • Publication number: 20100025976
    Abstract: This invention relates to the field of load restraint systems, particularly occupant restraint systems that provide improved restraint by adopting more closely the contour of the occupant and particularly actively controlled restraint systems which respond to the external environment and hazardous situations. There is provided an articulated restraint which more closely adopts the profile of an occupant to provide a better and closer fitting restraint. Improving the fit of the restraint to the occupant provides better survivability in impact scenarios. The articulated restraint is formed from a series of elements which are joined by a connecting cord. When tension is applied to the cord the elements compress together and adopt the form of the occupant, further tension forces the elements to form a substantially rigid conformation which retains the occupant in a seat.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2007
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventors: Philip G. Murtha, Leslie P. Neil
  • Patent number: 7651135
    Abstract: A lap-belt pre-tensioner operative to draw in a lap belt is disposed on an upper face of a projecting portion so as to extend in a longitudinal direction of a vehicle from an disposition portion of a lower support member, and on the upper face of the projecting portion is provided a groove portion so as to accommodate the lap-belt pre-tensioner in such a manner that the lap-belt pre-tensioner substantially does not project into an ingress-egress opening. Accordingly, there can be provided an occupant protection device of a vehicle equipped with a slide door in which the lap-belt pre-tensioner does not project into the ingress-egress opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2010
    Assignee: Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventor: Yasunari Hirotani
  • Publication number: 20090108577
    Abstract: A lap-belt pre-tensioner operative to draw in a lap belt is disposed on an upper face of a projecting portion so as to extend in a longitudinal direction of a vehicle from an disposition portion of a lower support member, and on the upper face of the projecting portion is provided a groove portion so as to accommodate the lap-belt pre-tensioner in such a manner that the lap-belt pre-tensioner substantially does not project into an ingress-egress opening. Accordingly, there can be provided an occupant protection device of a vehicle equipped with a slide door in which the lap-belt pre-tensioner does not project into the ingress-egress opening.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2008
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Applicant: MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yasunari HIROTANI
  • Patent number: 7431340
    Abstract: A main controlling section of a controlling unit (13), when judging a collision risk, drives a motor (12) in a direction of retracting a seat belt (3) and raises tension of the seat belt (3). The main controlling section, when tension of the seat belt (3) reaches a predetermined value, judges that a locking signal is input and has the motor (12) continue retracting driving of the seat belt (3) for a predetermined time and, when a locking signal is not input, decreases a driving power of the motor (12) and lowers tension of the seat belt (3). Even when a collision risk signal is erroneously output from a collision risk judging section (11) and, so long as a locking signal is not output from the locking signal producing section (18), since control is immediately exerted so that tension of the seat belt (3) is lowered, it is possible to avoid an unpleasant feeling to a vehicle occupant (A) caused by comparative long-duration and useless restraining using the seat belt (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: Autoliv Development AB
    Inventor: Yukinori Midorikawa
  • Patent number: 7418330
    Abstract: In a control system for a dual-stage airbag firing system, a series circuit of first and second switching elements and a series circuit of third and fourth switching elements are connected in parallel between high and low voltage power lines, the circuit node between the switching elements of each series circuit being connected to a corresponding one of a pair of output terminals. When an impact is received, the first and fourth switching elements are exclusively activated to generate a forward voltage across the output terminals, causing a forward current to flow in the firing system so that its first stage is exclusively fired. Subsequently, the third and second switching elements are exclusively activated to generate a reverse voltage across the output terminals in a direction opposite to the forward voltage, causing a reverse current to flow in the firing system so that its second stage is fired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shinji Ooyabu
  • Patent number: 7397208
    Abstract: A winding control method of a seatbelt retractor for winding a seatbelt with a motor includes detecting a current flowing through the motor, and stopping the motor when the current exceeds a predetermined value. The winding action is not stopped while the motor is accelerated even when the current exceeds the predetermined value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2008
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Tanaka, Masato Takao, Koji Inuzuka
  • Patent number: 7308348
    Abstract: A method of controlling a seatbelt retractor having a mechanism for retracting a seatbelt with a motor includes the steps of receiving a door-open signal; determining whether the door-open signal is received after a predetermined time since a door-lock release signal is input; and retracting the seatbelt only when the door-open signal is received after the predetermined time since the door-lock release signal is input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Tanaka, Koji Inuzuka
  • Patent number: 7245741
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system for determining whether the interior of a vehicle is occupied. The inventive device comprises image acquisition means (10) for acquiring images of an area of the vehicle interior, an image acquisition data generation unit (14) for generating image acquisition data in which every image point of a three-dimensional surface image is presented as a vector in an acquisition coordinate system of the image acquisition means, and a conversion unit (16) that converts the image acquisition data to vehicle image data. Said vehicle image data describe every image point as a vector in a coordinate system that is specific of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ludwig Ertl, Thorsten Köhler, Dirk Zittlau
  • Patent number: 7111872
    Abstract: A restraint system is provided for a mobile machine (1), in particular an industrial truck, with a driver's seat (2) and a safety belt (3). The restraint system has a variable-length mechanical connection (6) between a front part (4) of the roof that covers the driver's seat or the driver's cab and the safety belt (3). The variable-length mechanical connection (6) makes it easier for the operator to attach the safety belt (3). The operator will also attach the safety belt (3) because otherwise it will be difficult or impossible to use the control elements (5). The variable-length mechanical connection (6) simultaneously prevents bypassing of a device to detect whether the safety belt (3) is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2006
    Assignee: STILL GmbH
    Inventor: Patrick Arand
  • Patent number: 6969088
    Abstract: A combination seat belt buckle presenter and seat belt use reminder includes an actuator to cause the extension and retraction of a buckle to improve buckle accessibility. A flexible support member transmits force from the actuator to the buckle. A self-locking device prevents forward or upward movement of the buckle. The self-locking mechanism is preferably configured as an energy-absorbing seat belt load limiter. The seat belt buckle presenter is preferably automated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Jenne-Tai Wang
  • Patent number: 6899353
    Abstract: The seat belt incorporates a self-adjusting retractable shoulder belt and a continuous lap belt into an arrangement that is easy to use and provides increased safety in the case of front end collision or roll over.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Inventor: Karl E. Volk
  • Patent number: 6883834
    Abstract: A buckle presenter system is provided that shifts the buckle to a more accessible latching position for latching with a tongue plate or tip and then shifts the latched buckle to a performance position for achieving the desired performance. This is achieved by sensing the occupant's need for latching the buckle as when the occupant enters the vehicle and is seated and then automatically shifting the buckle to a latching position for providing better accessibility for inserting the latch plate into the buckle and then automatically returning the latched buckle to the performance position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2005
    Assignee: Takata Seat Belts, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard M. Grabowski, Albert R. Bernat
  • Patent number: 6836715
    Abstract: A vehicle seat having a load sensor arranged on a seat body for generating a load signal corresponding to a load applied to the seat body, a detecting means for detecting whether a seat belt is buckled to the vehicle seat and generating a detection signal, and a determining means for comparing the load signal and a predetermined value in response to the detection signal when the seat belt is buckled and judging that an adult is not seated on the seat body when the load signal is less than the predetermined value. The seated condition of the vehicle seat is detected properly by the determination result of the determining means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Morio Sakai, Kazunori Sakamoto, Koji Aoki, Hiromichi Yasunori, Osamu Fujimoto
  • Patent number: 6802537
    Abstract: The invention relates to an arrangement and a method for height adjustment of the upper attachment point of a safety belt, arranged in a vehicle with a vehicle seat which is spring-mounted in the vertical direction, where the upper attachment point is arranged displaceably in the vertical direction on the body of the vehicle. Said height adjustment takes place as a function of the springing movement of the vehicle seat, which results in the upper attachment point always remaining correctly positioned in the vertical direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Volvo Lastvagnar AB
    Inventors: Ulf Tolfsen, Johan Horsrud
  • Patent number: 6786510
    Abstract: A seat belt system for securing a seated occupant to a seat, the system comprising: a single continuous length of seat belt webbing, the seat belt including first and second ends; a first anchor located near the juncture of the seat belt and seat cushion with a buckle positioned on the other side of the cushion, a movable anchor guide or second web guide for orientating portions of the seat belt relative to the seat; second means for moving the seat belt away from the seat to encourage the occupant's entry onto the seat and for thereafter manipulating the seat belt about the seated occupant so that a portion of the seat belt forms a lap belt about the seated occupant and wherein other portions of the seat belt form two relatively criss-crossed shoulder belt segments of seat belt in front of the seated occupant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2004
    Assignee: Key Safety Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Raj S. Roychoudhury, Peter C. Kempf, Richard W. Koning
  • Publication number: 20040117217
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to safety systems and related insurance offerings to encourage increased use of passenger restraint safety devices, such as seat belts. In a particular embodiment, a method to encourage use of a passenger restraint device in a vehicle that relates to a financial incentive and an insurance offering is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2002
    Publication date: June 17, 2004
    Inventors: Richard R. Reber, Cary A. McGregor
  • Publication number: 20040036270
    Abstract: A seat belt system for securing a seated occupant to a seat, the system comprising: a single continuous length of seat belt webbing, the seat belt including first and second ends; a first anchor located near the juncture of the seat belt and seat cushion with a buckle positioned on the other side of the cushion, a movable anchor guide or second web guide for orientating portions of the seat belt relative to the seat; second means for moving the seat belt away from the seat to encourage the occupant's entry onto the seat and for thereafter manipulating the seat belt about the seated occupant so that a portion of the seat belt forms a lap belt about the seated occupant and wherein other portions of the seat belt form two relatively criss-crossed shoulder belt segments of seat belt in front of the seated occupant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2002
    Publication date: February 26, 2004
    Applicant: Breed Automotive Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Raj S. Roychoudhury, Peter C. Kempf, Richard W. Koning
  • Publication number: 20030197363
    Abstract: The seat belt incorporates a self-adjusting retractable shoulder belt and a continuous lap belt into an arrangement that is easy to use and provides increased safety in the case of front end collision or roll over.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2003
    Publication date: October 23, 2003
    Inventor: Karl E. Volk
  • Patent number: 6598904
    Abstract: A webbing take-up device and a vehicle are provided in which different force limiter loads can be selected at arbitrary times with a simple structure. A wire is inserted into a spool. One end portion of the wire is fixed to a lock base. Thus, when rotation of the lock base is impeded, a twisting load of a torsion bar and a drawing-through load of the wire are applied to a webbing as force limiter load. Further, a cutting gear is disposed between the spool and the lock base. When the cutting gear is rotated at an arbitrary time, the wire is cut. In this way, the force limiter load is reduced to only the twisting load of the torsion bar. As a result, different force limiter loads can be selected at arbitrary times with a simple structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2003
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai-Rika-Denki-Seisakusho
    Inventors: Tomonori Nagata, Akira Sumiyashiki, Shinji Mori
  • Patent number: 6591176
    Abstract: A crash notification system (12) has a main battery (58) and a backup battery (60). The main battery has a main battery voltage and the backup battery has a backup battery voltage. A telematics control unit (16) senses the voltage of the main battery and receives an emergency notification signal from a restraints control module (18). In response to a change of state of the emergency notification signal and the main battery dropping below a predetermined battery the backup battery may be used. In addition, if an SOS button (52) is employed in the system, and the main battery voltage drops below a predetermined voltage the backup battery (60) may also be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Frank Perry, Gurpreet Aulakh, James W. Helmke, Mark A. Cuddihy
  • Patent number: 6543101
    Abstract: A multi-point buckle assembly includes a body having a top opening on a top surface, a plurality of side openings, and a plurality of channels, a release button disposed within the top opening, a plurality of main tongues, and a plurality of side tongues, wherein each of the plurality of main tongues is adapted to fit into each of the plurality of side openings and each of the plurality of side tongues is adapted to fit into each of the plurality of channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2003
    Assignee: Wonderland Nurserygoods Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: James A. Sack, Arthur L. Gehr, Jr., Glenn E. Gehr
  • Publication number: 20030038472
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an apparatus for tightening a restraint, including a base having a passage for receiving the restraint and a one or more receptacles communicating with the passage, and one or more retention members movable between a first position and a second lockable position, wherein the restraint is loosened in the first position and the restraint is tightened in a second position. The present invention also relates to a method of tightening a restraint by inserting a restraint into a passage formed within a base, the passage communicating with one or more receptacles in the base and forming the restraint into the receptacles by moving one or more retention members between a first position and one or more second lockable positions, whereby the restraint is urged into a labyrinth configuration defined by the receptacles and the retention members in a second lockable position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2001
    Publication date: February 27, 2003
    Inventors: Daniel A. O'Connell, J. Derek O'Neal
  • Patent number: 6428049
    Abstract: A seat belt release mechanism for use in conjunction with vehicle seats, such as upon a bus, and the like, including a sleeve fixed to the approximate rear of each vehicle seat, a tube provided therein, the tube cooperating with the sleeve to lock the back ends of the seat belts into position fixing them for securement of the seat occupants in place, during routine usage. Each tube extends a distance outwardly from its respective sleeve, and is provided with a lever, attaching with a drive mechanism, whether it be a cable or rod, such that when the drive mechanism is shifted, either manually by a winch, or automatically by a motor mechanism, the back ends of the seat belts may be locked into position for routine usage, or immediately released, for allowing the occupants to be freed from their securement within the vehicle seats in the event that an emergency is encountered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Inventor: John H. Nichols
  • Patent number: 6276721
    Abstract: A three-point passenger restraint system for a passenger seat including a lap belt having a first end connected to a lap belt retractor and a second end. A torso belt having a first end connected to the second end of the lap belt and a second end. The second end of the torso belt is attached to an anchor arm that is pivotally mounted to a passenger seat or vehicle side structure, wherein the anchor arm is rotationally biased to remove slack in the torso belt. The anchor arm rotates and thus functions (i) as the upper height adjusting anchor point for the three-point restraining system and (ii) to adjust belt length to comfortably accommodate passenger sizes in the range of a 5th percentile female to a 95th percentile male.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Assignee: Simula, Inc.
    Inventor: David Joseph Romeo
  • Patent number: 6257363
    Abstract: An automotive passenger restraint and protection apparatus for an automotive vehicle has a seatbelt and operates to restrain an occupant of the automotive vehicle by the seatbelt to protect the occupant. An electric retractor has a DC motor for retracting and protracting the seatbelt. An MPU applies voltage having a predetermined waveform to the DC motor, and then detects a waveform of current flowing to the DC motor. The MPU carries out fault diagnosis of the DC motor, based upon the detected waveform of current when the voltage having the predetermined waveform is applied to the DC motor. Thus, accurate fault diagnosis of the apparatus can be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: NSK Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukinori Midorikawa, Osamu Kawai
  • Patent number: 6224105
    Abstract: An arrangement for seat-belts for vehicles having a seat for a passenger, an area where the passenger has his shoulder when seated in a normal position, a forward direction and a rearward direction, comprises a belt which runs from the area in the vehicles where the passenger has his shoulder when seated in a normal position to an attachment point at the side of the passenger. The arrangement has a connection fixed to the vehicle behind the seat for moving the belt in a rearward direction, keeping the belt at the passenger's shoulder so that the belt is in contact with the passenger regardless of the angle of the seat's backrest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2001
    Assignee: AB Volvo
    Inventor: Jan Lake
  • Patent number: 5884940
    Abstract: A height-adjustable fastening system for a safety belt of a vehicle has a guide track and a slide slidably connected to the guide track and arrestable in various positions along the guide track. A fastening or guiding bracket is connected to the slide. A Bowden cable arrangement has a first end connected to the slide and a second end connected to a vehicle seat displaceable on a first and second seat tracks. The Bowden cable arrangement includes a sleeve and a cable pull displaceably guided within the sleeve. A stationary guide is positioned in the vicinity of the first seat track. The Bowden cable arrangement is guided about the stationary guide and the sleeve is connected to the stationary guide. The cable pull is connected with a first end to the vehicle seat at a fastening location remote from the stationary guide. The cable pull transmits a displacement movement of the vehicle seat onto the slide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Assignee: Autoliv Development AB
    Inventors: Jan Baumann, Reinhard Flossel, Thomas Moller, Birte Wermann
  • Patent number: 5443577
    Abstract: The invention provides an automatically put-on automobile safety belt. Conventionally, it is very troublesome to put on the safety belt, because it has to be manipulated manually. The present invention overcomes these disadvantages. That is, the automatically put-on safety belt includes: a winder for winding a belt 1; a fixed member for securing the other end of the belt; a buckle for being coupled with a hook; and the above three elements constituting the three securing points for the belt. Here, the winder is installed on the automobile floor at the rear of a seat; the fixed member is installed on the automobile floor at a side of the seat; the buckle is installed on the lower edge of a door; a guide ring 8 supported by an elastic rod is installed over the top of the seat; and the hook is provided with guide rings supported by arcuate elastic rods and.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Inventor: Jong K. Kim
  • Patent number: 5431446
    Abstract: A seat belt presenter (10) for an active seat belt system (14) for restraining a vehicle occupant includes a guide (82) having surfaces (87) which surround opposite major side surfaces (41, 43) of belt webbing (40). A lift arm (74) has an end portion (78) to which the guide (82) is attached. The lift arm (74) is movable between a presented position in which the guide (82) supports a tongue assembly (48) adjacent to the vehicle occupant and a stored position in which the guide is disposed when the tongue assembly is engaged with a buckle (50). A spring (110) biases the lift arm (74) and the guide (82) to the presented position. A motor (130) when energized moves the lift arm (74) and the guide (82) to the stored position. The guide (82) is maintained at a constant attitude angle as the lift arm (74) moves between the presented and stored positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Assignees: Ford Motor Company, TRW Vehicle Safety Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Donald P. Czarnecki, Louis R. Brown, Steven R. Loxton, Roger P. Daniel, Timothy G. Laske
  • Patent number: 5346256
    Abstract: Device for motorized movement of a safety belt in a motor vehicle from a stored position to a deployed position, has a drive including a pinion drivable in opposite rotation directions; a toothed rack meshing with the pinion and having a component part structured to loosely hold the safety belt at an end portion thereof, the component part being seated in an interior region of the motor vehicle when the safety belt is in the stored position and having an elongated guide carriage and toothed rack provided with a slide guide extending in a longitudinal direction in the toothed rack, the slide guide and the elongated guide carriage being structured so that the guide carriage is slidable in the slide guide; and a mechanism for displacing the component part relative to the toothed rack in a direction the component part moves during motion of the safety belt into the deployed position against a spring force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Wiesler, Thomas Huck, Herbert Schiller
  • Patent number: 5280959
    Abstract: A shoulder adjuster which comprises: a guide rail shaped into a long plate and formed with a longitudinally extending slot at its central portion; a slider arranged along the vehicular compartment side of the guide rail and made slidable in a longitudinal direction of the guide rail; a female thread formed in the slider for mounting a shoulder anchor; and devices for retaining the slider on the guide rail at a predetermined interval. The slider has a cylindrical portion to be fitted in the slot, and the female thread formed in the inner circumference of the cylindrical portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventor: Yuichi Nanbu
  • Patent number: 5261696
    Abstract: A seat in an automobile is provided with a spring biased, webbing guiding reach arm actuated by a driving motor so as to set the webbing and tongue of a seat belt at a used position at which they can be handled with ease, and at a retracted position where they will not impede a passenger getting in and out of the seat. Thus, handling of the webbing and tongue is facilitated and a passenger is capable of getting in and out of the seat of the vehicle easily without being impeded by the webbing and tongue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventor: Tetsuya Hamaue
  • Patent number: 5255939
    Abstract: A mechanism connects seat belt webbing to a track of a passive seat belt system of a vehicle. The mechanism comprises a slider slidably engageable with the track. A webbing anchor link includes a first flat portion pivotally connected to the slider and a second flat portion having an opening through which the belt webbing extends. The slider and the first flat portion of the anchor link are pivotally connected in a manner to enable the anchor link to pivot about mutually perpendicular intersecting axes relative to the slider. The first flat portion lies in a first plane and has a first longitudinal axis lying in the first plane. The second flat portion lies in a second plane and has a second longitudinal axis lying in the second plane. The first and second longitudinal axes extend parallel with each other. The first and second planes form between them a predetermined angle. Preferably, the predetermined angle is an angle of 45.degree..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1993
    Assignee: TRW Vehicle Safety Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Louis R. Brown, Steven R. Loxton
  • Patent number: 5183290
    Abstract: An automatic seat belt device for motor vehicles, includes a retracting member installed on a vehicle door, and upper and lower webbings wherein each lower end thereof is unified into a composite structure for slidably locking with a seat belt lock and each upper end thereof is movably connected to the retracting member, whereby the upper and lower webbings can be fitted to or released from the seated occupant as the vehicle door is closed or opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1993
    Inventor: Tae K. Chung
  • Patent number: 5156417
    Abstract: A seat belt forwarding device having a seat belt forwarding arm which has a base end pivotally mounted on a side of a rear part of a vehicle seat and a free end carrying an end of a seat belt, and can rotate between a waiting position in which the seat belt forwarding arm extends rearward from the seat and an operative position in which the seat belt forwarding arm extends forward along a side of the seat. The device comprises a damper unit and a power unit and an endless belt is used to transmit power therebetween. The damper unit comprises three coaxially and mutually rotatably arranged member, i.e., a driven unit which is driven by the power unit, an arm supporting member carrying the seat belt forwarding arm, and an intermediate member interposed therebetween to allow force to be transmitted from the driven member to the arm supporting member with necessary resiliency to ensure proper functioning of the seat belt forwarding arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1992
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yasuki Motozawa
  • Patent number: 5133425
    Abstract: A passive seat belt system includes a seat belt buckle of a receptacle device having a connecting switch member connected to a battery of a vehicle and a tongue of a webbing so that the vehicle can be actuated or not in response to fastening or unfastening of a seat occupant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1992
    Inventor: Chong K. Han
  • Patent number: RE36122
    Abstract: In a method for controlling the release of a passenger restraint system in a vehicle, an acceleration signal is measured and integrated with respect to time to obtain a velocity signal. A release threshold value for the velocity signal is determined. If the velocity signal then falls below the release threshold value, thus indicating a vehicle collision, the passenger restraint system is released. The release threshold value is controlled depending on the type of accident situation and upon the operating parameters of the vehicle to increase the release sensitivity of the passenger restraint system. For example, the release threshold value is adjusted based on the value of the velocity signal. If the velocity signal decreases in value, then the release threshold is lowered to a more sensitive value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Bernhard Mattes, Werner Nitschke, Willi Kuhn, Wolfgang Drobny, Hugo Weller, Peter Taufer, Edmund Jeenicke, Klaus Reischle, Michael Henne, Wilfried Burger