Abstract: A system for bringing ground warp threads under tension on a beam stand comprises first and second rollers on which the ground warp threads run. The first roller is mounted on a support which is movable in relation to the second roller. A mechanism for exerting force on the support is provided whereby the ground warp threads on the beam stand are brought under tension. The mechanism includes a hydraulic element that is connected to a hydraulic pressure vessel by a pipe provided with an apparatus for controlling or regulating the hydraulic fluid.
Abstract: In a process for producing a flexible printed base by directly coating a copper foil with a polyimide precursor, followed by heating, drying and curing, a process affording a flexible printed base having a superior folding endurance and a good heat resistance at a cheap cost is provided, which process comprises carrying out the curing in an inert gas under a tension of 0.02 to 0.2 Kg/cm and at 200.degree. and 450.degree. C.
Abstract: A crash protection apparatus for a pulling device having a hollow piston cylinder and a pulling claw for pulling a tube out of a tube sheet of a heat exchanger chamber in which the pulling device is disposed, the crash protection apparatus includes another cylinder without a piston rod having an axis substantially parallel to the axis of the hollow-piston cylinder and being fixed relative to the tube sheet in the chamber, a piston of the other cylinder, a bracket extending from the piston substantially at a right angle to the axis of the other cylinder for supporting the pulling device with a supporting force provided by the other cylinder, and a device for controlling the supporting force for compensating only the weight of the pulling device in each position of the pulling device.
Abstract: A method of producing steel-wire-reinforced conveyer belts. The steel wires, which are conveyed at a uniform tension through the production apparatus, each have associated with them a respective hydraulic tensioning cylinder. The cylinders, which communicate with one another, are acted upon by a pulsating fluid pressure. In this way, varying movement resistances can be reduced, resulting in extensive uniformity of the tension state of all of the wires.
Abstract: This shaft is formed by a tube in a single piece having one end portion which is enlarged and cut away so as to constitute a universal joint yoke 5. A main cylindrical body 18 having a wall of reduced thickness connects this yoke to a portion 23 of greater wall thickness and provided with two slots 22 constituting a locking keeper. At the end of the shaft opposed to the yoke there is formed a steering wheel support constituted by a portion of the tube which has a smaller diameter and a greater wall thickness.
April 16, 1984
Date of Patent:
July 22, 1986
Jean-Pierre Barnabe, Michel Clerc, Frederic Mouhot
Abstract: An improved method of stress rolling a metallic rim includes the additional step of applying an outside force to the rim to produce tensile stress in the region which is being stress rolled to produce a higher resulting compressive stress within the region than could otherwise be obtained through normal stress rolling.
Abstract: Residual favorable stresses are induced in a zone of stress concentration in a coupling and connection joint mechanism of a drill collar or drilling tool, for example. The residual favorable stress is created by tensily stressing the material within elastic limits, relieving the stress in the zone by heating the material therein into a nonstressed plastic or liquid state, and releasing the tensile stress maintained in an area adjacent the zone. The residual force of elasticity in the area adjacent the zone applies the favorable residual stress in the zone. Preferably, the favorable residual stress is a compressive stress to resist fatigue failures from tension-induced cracks. The extent and depth of penetration of the favorable residual stress in the zone is controlled and is substantially greater than that available from mechanical cold-working surface-hardening techniques.