Element Is Permanently Deformed; I.e., One-time Use Patents (Class 297/472)
  • Patent number: 9776596
    Abstract: A seat belt for a vehicle comprises a first tongue coupled to a first webbing, the first webbing configured to cover portions of a shoulder, a chest, and an abdomen of a passenger; a first buckle coupled to the first tongue; a second tongue coupled to a second webbing, the second webbing configured to cover portions of the abdomen of the passenger; a second buckle coupled to the second tongue; and an actuator configured to upwardly pull the first tongue and the first buckle, wherein the first buckle is coupled to the second buckle; and upon a collision of the vehicle, the actuator operates to separate the first buckle from the second buckle, and the first webbing moves upward, restricting a movement of an upper body of the passenger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
    Inventor: Chang Bin Jung
  • Patent number: 9358908
    Abstract: Arrangements for safety and comfort in vehicles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Inventor: Arjuna Indraeswaran Rajasingham
  • Patent number: 9327679
    Abstract: A safety belt buffering device and a related vehicle safety seat are provided. The safety belt buffering device is applied to a shoulder belt. The safety belt buffering device includes a buffering component, a blocking component and an actuating component. The buffering component includes an accommodating space, and the accommodating space is formed through the buffering component. The blocking component is disposed inside the accommodating space. The actuating component is disposed on the shoulder belt. The shoulder belt movably passes through the accommodating space. The actuating component is driven to move into the accommodating space to contact the blocking component when the shoulder belt is pulled by external impact, and the blocking component is structurally deformed to reduce the external impact. The present invention can obviously decrease the impact energy transmitted from the vehicle safety seat to the passenger, so as to protect safety of the passenger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Wonderland Nurserygoods Company Limited
    Inventor: Chin-Ming Cheng
  • Patent number: 9090225
    Abstract: A seat belt arrangement includes a vehicle floor, a seat, and a latch assembly including a deformable element. Shoulder and lap belt webbings are attached to the latch assembly. The shoulder belt webbing is associated with the deformable element. According to one embodiment, the latch assembly includes a latch plate to which the shoulder belt webbing is attached at an attachment point. This point includes the deformable element that may be a deformable pin or an insert fitted to the latch plate, or may be a relatively soft material. Alternatively, the latch assembly includes a movable element and a fixed element having a deformable element fitted there between. When deformed, the deformable element allows movement of the movable element toward the fixed element, thereby limiting the forces of an impact applied by the shoulder belt to the lower portion of the chest of a vehicle occupant wearing the disclosed belt system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Stephen William Rouhana
  • Patent number: 9033422
    Abstract: One lower end portion of a belt anchor bracket is supported on a lock unit rotatably in a front-rear direction, the other lower end portion of the belt anchor bracket is fixed to a leg, and a seatbelt anchor is supported on an upper end portion of the belt anchor bracket rotatably in the front-rear direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: Masaaki Miyazawa, Ikuo Kondo
  • Patent number: 9016781
    Abstract: A child safety seat assembly includes a support base, and a child safety seat arranged on the support base. The support base includes a shell body, a latch assembly operable to fixedly attach the shell body with an anchorage fixture of a vehicle, and a cushion structure coupled with the shell body, wherein the cushion structure is operable to allow a cushioned displacement of the shell body relative to the latch assembly when the child safety seat is subject to collision.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Wonderland Nurserygoods Company Limited
    Inventors: Chin-Ming Cheng, Yu-Ya Su
  • Patent number: 9010672
    Abstract: A belt retractor has a frame (10), a belt spool (12) that is rotatably mounted in the frame (10), and a force limiter (22) that is adapted to reach a force limiting position. A guide-in mechanism (26) is provided which causes the force limiter (22) to reach the force limiting position as a function of the length of belt webbing withdrawn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: TRW Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Nizam Bedak, Oliver Gross, Joachim Biller, Bernd Gentner, Andreas Henning
  • Publication number: 20150076875
    Abstract: A safety belt buffering device and a related vehicle safety seat are provided. The safety belt buffering device is applied to a shoulder belt. The safety belt buffering device includes a buffering component, a blocking component and an actuating component. The buffering component includes an accommodating space, and the accommodating space is formed through the buffering component. The blocking component is disposed inside the accommodating space. The actuating component is disposed on the shoulder belt. The shoulder belt movably passes through the accommodating space. The actuating component is driven to move into the accommodating space to contact the blocking component when the shoulder belt is pulled by external impact, and the blocking component is structurally deformed to reduce the external impact. The present invention can obviously decrease the impact energy transmitted from the vehicle safety seat to the passenger, so as to protect safety of the passenger.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Chin-Ming Cheng
  • Patent number: 8955784
    Abstract: A self-locking seat belt retractor has the following components: a locking device (9) which can be actuated in a vehicle-sensitive and/or in a belt webbing-sensitive manner, a belt shaft (1), and a two-stage load limiting device (13) located within the force flow between the locking device (9) and the belt shaft (1). The load limiting device (13) includes a first, high-load limiting element (3) and a second, low-load limiting element (2). The load limitation level can be switched from high to low during load limitation. A third load limiting element (14) parallel to the second load limiting element (2) between the locking device (9) and the belt shaft (1) is formed by at least two structural elements (10, 11, 12, 20a, 20b, 21a-21g, 22a-22g), at least one of which is sheared off during the load limitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Autoliv Development AB
    Inventor: Per Axblom
  • Patent number: 8905439
    Abstract: A torsion bar capable of torsional deformation, a ring arranged at a shaft end portion of a spool and connected rotatably integrally with an outer peripheral portion on the other side in an axial direction of the torsion bar, a plastic-deformable plate member having one end side fixed to an outer peripheral portion of the ring and the other end side being a free end in the vicinity of an inner peripheral portion of the shaft end portion of the spool, and a projecting portion which projects from an inner peripheral surface of the spool, which is brought into contact with the other end of the plate member after the torsion bar starts rotating integrally with the spool and an impact absorbing load of the torsion bar becomes constant due to torsional deformation, and which imparts a load for plastically deforming the plate member in further rotation of the spool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventor: Koji Hiramatsu
  • Patent number: 8882192
    Abstract: A restraining device according to the invention for a child's safety seat provided to be fixed in a vehicle by at least one top tether, wherein the at least one top tether comprises at least one first loop that is provided to be pushed over a crossbar, is characterized in that the at least one top tether comprises a second loop provided to be pushed over restraining means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Britax Römer Kindersicherheit GmbH
    Inventor: David Shaun Carine
  • Patent number: 8851522
    Abstract: A seatbelt anchor assembly includes a ferrule, a cable, and seatbelt buckle. The ferrule can be mounted at one end to a seat base or other mounted structure of the vehicle, and can further include an anti-rotation pin that is received in a locating hole of the seat base to limit rotation of the ferrule during mounting and during normal occupant use. The pin can be made from aluminum or other material that can shear off in response to a dynamic vehicle load, allowing the ferrule to pivot about its mounting location to align the loads. The ferrule can be in the form of a blank including a body portion and a head portion having a pair of ears, and can include a recess between the ear portions and the body portion to limit tension in the ferrule when the ferrule is crimped to mount a cable thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Autoliv ASP, Inc.
    Inventors: David Srugis, Thomas Garvey, Nick Paglia, David Dziuda, Scott Bellman
  • Publication number: 20140252822
    Abstract: A main object of the invention is a textile strip forming at least partially a safety belt intended to be fastened to a fixed structure of a seat or of a passenger compartment, characterised in that a notch is formed on the textile strip (10) in order to allow for the folding of the textile strip onto itself in such a way as to surround the fixed structure of the seat or of the passenger compartment by insertion of an end of the textile strip into the notch made in the textile strip.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventor: Vincent Tejedor
  • Patent number: 8678439
    Abstract: A seat belt connection device for a vehicle has a ring through which the seat belt can slide; the ring is supported by a member fixed to the front end of a stem, which extends along a substantially horizontal axis and is guided by a sleeve fixed in a hole of the pillar; the device also has a deformable structure that is fixed to the pillar and to one of the ends of the stem and is plastically deformable so as to allow the stem to retract in the event of an axial impact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.
    Inventor: Sergio Marziani
  • Patent number: 8641096
    Abstract: A load limiting anchor for seatbelt systems is provided. The anchor includes a pair of plates sandwiched together and connected by a rivet or other fastener. One of the plates features a key-hole shaped slot through which the rivet can move upon relative sliding motion between the plates causing material deformation as the anchor absorbs tensile exerted by the associated seatbelt system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Autoliv Development AB
    Inventor: Kenneth Kohlndorfer
  • Patent number: 8562075
    Abstract: An energy absorber element comprises an absorber portion having first and second distal ends and having a first elongate element and a second elongate element facing the first elongate element and connected to the second element solely at the first and second distal ends, a first anchor point secured to the first distal end of the absorber portion, and a second anchor point secured to the second distal end of the absorber portion, wherein each of the first and second elongate elements includes a succession of straight-line segments parallel to one another and at least one circularly-arcuate segment such that at least two successive straight-line segments are connected together by one of the at least one circularly-arcuate segment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Eurocopter
    Inventors: Olivier Honnorat, Thomas Manfredotti
  • Patent number: 8210606
    Abstract: The invention relates to an energy absorption device in particular for the seat of an automobile in case of a shock, said device being substantially in the form of a plate including a succession of cutouts following each other in a deformation direction (X) between a first cutout and a last cutout and defining between them at least one bridge extending in a stretching direction (Y) transverse to the deformation direction (X), the first cutout having a shape slightly flaring in the deformation (X) direction towards the following cutouts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Faurecia Autositze GmbH
    Inventors: Julien Meghira, Michael Haverkamp
  • Patent number: 8157067
    Abstract: A dynamic energy management restraint anchor device interfaces with a child seat in a vehicle, engaging common child seat attachment clip features. A device restraint anchor is operable to dynamically extract and permit distortion of load bearing deformable member(s) in order to manage the displacement of, and load transferred through, an anchor connected to a child seat. The device may be further operable to limit or prevent restraint anchor displacement and the distortion of said deformable member(s) under quasi-static load conditions in order to meet motor vehicle static load/displacement anchorage performance requirements applicable to certain anchors. Anchor retraction capability and various interlocking configurations for securing the position of an anchor, before or after having extracted, may be incorporated relative to the energy management device interfacing with both a vehicle and a child seat. An indicator may further be provided to identify the functional state of the restraint device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Richard Edward Ruthinowski, Parakrama Valentine Weerappuli, Ian Brewster Hall, Brian Robert Spahn
  • Patent number: 8091923
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for limiting the load on a seat belt buckle, includes providing an adjustable energy absorbing device mounting the seat belt buckle on the vehicle, sensing vehicle and occupant conditions to determine the optimal adjustment of the adjustable energy absorbing device for restraint of the occupant under the sensed conditions, and adjusting the adjustable energy absorbing device in response to the sensed conditions to thereby adapt the restraint of the occupant to the sensed conditions. The adjustable energy absorbing device is an extendable strut having an end connected to the buckle and an end connected to the vehicle, said strut having metal deforming elements therein being deformed upon the load reaching a certain magnitude, and said strut having an adjusting mechanism adjusting the metal deforming elements to adjust the degree of metal deformation and thereby adjust the energy absorbing capacity of the strut.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: Ke Dong
  • Patent number: 8070185
    Abstract: The invention relates to a restraint device (1) for a seat belt (2) in a vehicle, comprising a housing (10) for guiding the seat belt (2) and for accommodating an energy-absorbing element (12) adapted to cooperate with the seat belt (2) so as to absorb energy when a predetermined retardation condition of the vehicle is fulfilled. Said device (1) comprises a device (15, 16, 23, 27, 28) for attaching the energy-absorbing element (12) to said seat belt (2) when said condition is fulfilled, said energy-absorbing element (12) being adapted to be attached in a lamellar manner to said seat belt (2) along a predetermined length thereof. The invention also relates to a method for restraining a seat belt (2). By means of the invention, a cost effective and safe device and method for restraining a seat belt in the event of a vehicle collision is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Volvo Car Corporation
    Inventor: Clas Jernstrvm
  • Patent number: 8016362
    Abstract: An occupant restraint apparatus includes an anchor adapted to be fixed to a vehicle body, a lap belt having a tip side fixed to the anchor, and an inflatable portion formed at the tip side, an inflator for introducing gas from the tip side to inflate the inflatable portion, and a cover. The cover includes a first masking portion for covering the anchor, and a second masking portion formed separately from the first masking portion and attached to the first masking portion for covering at least the tip side of the lap belt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventor: Yasuo Itoga
  • Patent number: 7997620
    Abstract: An adaptive load-limiting seat belt buckle presenter includes a plow assembly movable within a tube and connected to the buckle by cables. Movement of the plow assembly presents the buckle at various positions relative to the occupant. The plow assembly has a plurality of plow elements that engage with the tube to plow troughs in the tube when an occupant restraining load moves the plow assembly within the tube. A plow actuator mechanism selects a number of the plurality of plow elements to be engaged or not engaged with the tube to thereby adapt the load-limiting capability of the presenter. A controller and various sensors cooperate to operate an adjusting motor for translating the plow assembly within the tube to present the buckle at a desired position and to also operate a rotary actuator to select the number of plow elements that will be engaged or not engaged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Ke Dong, Jenne-Tai Wang, Tito R. Huffman
  • Patent number: 7963474
    Abstract: A belt retractor for a vehicle safety belt has a frame, a belt spool for the safety belt which is rotatably arranged in the frame, a locking disc which is arranged on the belt spool and is connected therewith through an energy absorption element, and a blocking mechanism which allows to block the locking disc against a rotation in the unwinding direction of the safety belt in the frame. A detent is provided which is movably arranged in the belt spool and can prevent a rotation of the locking disc relative to the belt spool as a function of its position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: TRW Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Herbert Blum, Bernd Gentner, Thomas Kielwein
  • Patent number: 7914045
    Abstract: A support assembly is disclosed generally including a buckle component or components and a positioning member of flexible material that is arranged and configured to support the buckle component in a predetermined elevated position or predetermined positions for multiple components while also allowing for resilient shifting thereof. In the preferred form, the flexible material is belt webbing that has a plurality of fold portions folded and sewn together in a specific manner. Sew patterns are disclosed as well as methods and fixtures for forming the belt webbing positioning member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Takata Seat Belts, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas Messner, Richard Jodts, Steve Marzi, Marco Amaya, Juan Espinosa, Carlos Camarillo, Paul Smith
  • Patent number: 7909298
    Abstract: A device is provided for fixing a child seat to a support structure of a motor vehicle, including a plastically deformable holding device, which is fixed to the support structure and has a holding element to which a fixing element, which is attached to the child seat, can be fixed. In order to permit a defined movement of the holding element during deformation of the holding device, the holding device has at least one bending axis along which the holding device can be deformed when a force, such as a tensile force, acts on the holding element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: Daimler AG
    Inventors: Joerg Hirschkorn, Willi Hornemann, Bernd Kestler, Markus Scholz, Hans Weisbarth
  • Patent number: 7866702
    Abstract: An energy absorbing anchor for securing a child safety seat to a mounting portion of a vehicle and coupling to a tether of the child safety seat is provided. The energy absorbing anchor comprises a bracket including a first end having a tether coupling portion, and a tapered hole having a wide portion adjacent to the first end and a narrow portion opposite to the first end; and a protrusion extending through the tapered hole to secure the bracket to the mounting portion of the vehicle wherein the protrusion is positioned to be adjacent to the wide portion of the tapered hole and wherein the narrow portion of the tapered hole is narrower than a width of the protrusion; wherein, when the bracket is pulled in tension, the protrusion is drawn along a length of the tapered hole towards the narrower portion, thereby deforming a portion of walls of the tapered hole to widen the tapered hole, the walls of tapered hole being configured to increasingly absorb energy as a width of the tapered hole decreases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Murphy, Reddy Malapati
  • Patent number: 7784874
    Abstract: A child safety seat tether anchor for securing a child safety seat to a mounting portion of a vehicle is provided. The child safety seat tether anchor may comprise a metal strip cooperating with a plurality of vertically offset pins extending from a surface of an engagement structure and positioned along a length of the metal strip. The metal strip is bent by the plurality of pins along a length of the metal strip so that when pulled in tension, the metal strip slides while bending around the pins to absorb energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Murphy, Reddy Malapati
  • Publication number: 20100117437
    Abstract: A seat belt retractor includes a cylindrical member, a torsionally deformable shaft arranged inside the cylindrical member and having one end side connected to the cylindrical member, a plate mounting member arranged in the cylindrical member and disposed on an outer periphery of the shaft, a locking mechanism for preventing a rotation of the plate mounting member, and a plate member having one end portion fixed to the plate mounting member and the other end portion engaging an inner periphery of the cylindrical member. The plate member is plastically deformable so that the plate member is wound onto the plate mounting member. The plate mounting member includes a first reducing radius portion having a radius gradually decreasing toward a downstream in a winding direction, and a second reducing radius portion located on the downstream side and having a radius reducing rate greater than that of the first reducing radius portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2009
    Publication date: May 13, 2010
    Applicant: TAKATA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Koji HIRAMATSU, Hikaru Kameyoshi, Tadayuki ASAKO, Yasunori FUKUOKA
  • Publication number: 20100096902
    Abstract: A seatbelt retractor for retracting a seatbelt includes a spool for retracting the seatbelt, a locking mechanism having a locking member rotating together with the spool in a normal state and prevented from rotating in a direction of withdrawal of the seatbelt so as to cause a relative rotation with respect to the spool in case of emergency, and an energy absorbing pin provided to the spool and the locking member for limiting a load applied on the seatbelt at a time of the relative rotation between the spool and the locking member. The energy absorbing pin includes a lubricating coating layer formed thereon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2009
    Publication date: April 22, 2010
    Applicant: TAKATA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Koji Hiramatsu, Masahiro Shiotani
  • Patent number: 7658444
    Abstract: An energy-absorbing deformable structure to attach a child safety seat to a mounting portion of a vehicle comprises a bracket. The bracket includes a base configured to be coupled to the mounting portion of the vehicle, a metal strap positioned in the base such that a first end of the metal strap is configured to be free and coupled to the child safety seat, a second end of the metal strap is separably attached to the base, and a body of the metal strap is bent between the first end and the second end. When the metal strap is pulled in tension, the metal strap tears from the base, thereby absorbing energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Murphy, Reddy Malapati
  • Patent number: 7648199
    Abstract: An energy absorbing tether assembly for use with a child safety seat of the type having a pair of spaced apart slots in a shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: Britax Child Safety, Inc.
    Inventors: Pankaj Tulsidas Amesar, Said Nakhla, Phillip Przybylo, James R. Tobin
  • Patent number: 7648171
    Abstract: A seat belt buckle system includes a seat belt with a latch plate, and a seat belt buckle assembly. The seat belt buckle assembly includes a buckle head for receiving the latch plate, a scabbard covering a portion of the buckle head, and a buckle stalk connecting the buckle head to a vehicle body portion. The scabbard includes at least one tear seam located at an intersection of the first wall and the third wall. The scabbard is configured such that a separation force of the tear seam is less than a buckling load of the scabbard, such that when the buckle is impacted and undergoes a shock load during buckle pretensioning, the tear seam will separate and allow the buckle head to slide down the ramped surface preventing a shock load from a hard contact point that would cause the latch plate to delatch from the buckle head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: TK Holdings Inc.
    Inventors: Brandon S. Marriott, David E. Sanders
  • Patent number: 7410113
    Abstract: A seatbelt retractor is disclosed. The seatbelt retractor has a frame, a spindle, a seatbelt webbing and torsion bar. The frame is attached to a structure of a road vehicle. The spindle is rotatably supported by the frame. The seatbelt webbing is wound about the spindle for retraction there to and protraction there from. The torsion bar is fixedly coupled to the spindle for rotation therewith, the torsion bar has a first torsion portion mechanically coupled or press-fitted into a second torsion portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2008
    Assignee: Autoliv ASP, Inc.
    Inventors: Gerald Keller, Lloyd Snyder
  • Patent number: 7404579
    Abstract: An arrangement for step-by-step height adjustment of a holding or deflecting fitting of a seat belt on a hollow body part of a motor vehicle, particularly on a B-column or a C-column, includes a guide rail mounted on the body part, and a carriage which can be displaced along the guide rail, which can be fixed in defined adjusting positions, and which has a fastening device for the holding or deflecting fitting. The guide rail, which is arranged behind a column covering, is mountable on the vehicle body part by way of two mutually spaced fastenings. In the event of a vehicle collision, particularly a side impact, the forces acting upon a vehicle occupant's head are to be kept below a permissible limit value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Assignee: Dr. Ing. h.c.f. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Matthias Zierle, Juergen Ohnmacht, Markus Osswald
  • Patent number: 7401859
    Abstract: Deformable guides for use with smaller persons and/or in a child restraint system are provided. The guides are of at least two varieties, one for inclusion within a belt system, so as to absorb the impact and stresses of a collision or other abrupt vehicular motion and the other of a type useful to guide the restraint system of an automobile about the correct location on a smaller person. The second type permits a smaller individual to be properly secured to a restraint system in spite of his small stature. The guides are made of multiple layers of metal, plastic or other structurally significant materials, or combinations thereof, and designed to receive the energy of a collision such that a guide will deform, without breaking, absorbing the energy of a collision or other abrupt action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2008
    Inventors: Hoon Y. Kim, Hyun S. Kim
  • Patent number: 7390064
    Abstract: A juvenile restraint system includes a juvenile seat and a tether coupled at one end to the juvenile seat and at an opposite end to an anchor provided in a vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2008
    Assignee: Cosco Management, Inc.
    Inventors: William Horton, Stephen Oltman, Eugene Balensiefer, Richard Glover
  • Patent number: 7380833
    Abstract: A deflection fitting for the safety belt of a motor vehicle comprising a belt guide (17, 18) which encircles the safety belt (7) and a pivot bearing (13) about which the belt guide is pivoted about a pivot pin (14) and parallel to the direction in which the belt passes through. The pivot bearing is adapted to be fixed to the vehicle. The belt guide includes at least two chain links (17, 18) which can pivot independently of each other in the pivot bearing (13), respectively, and which are located some distance apart from each other in the direction in which the belt (7) passes through. This configuration enables easy adjustment of the belt guide, even when the angles of the strands (8, 9) of the belt (7) deviate considerably from the standard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Assignee: Intier Automotive Seating Systems GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Bronner, Wolfgang Kruner, Uwe Happ
  • Patent number: 7195311
    Abstract: Safety device for a vehicle seat which is fixed inside a vehicle including lateral guides. The safety device consists of at least one safety rail fixed in the vehicle, in the region between the guides, and comprises associated securing mechanisms which are connected to the vehicle seat, and co-operate with the safety rail in a non-contact manner for regular loads applied to the seat, and in the event of irregular, especially accident-related deformations and/or movements in the region of the vehicle seat, engage with the safety rail in such a way that they block further deformation/displacements. The securing mechanisms and the safety rail are embodied in such a way that, during the engagement, reaction forces which act in the direction of axes (X, Y, Z) of a standard vehicle co-ordinates system are applied in a distributed manner to at least two different engagement regions of the safety rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2007
    Assignee: Johnson Controls GmbH
    Inventors: Norbert Kuliha, Uwe Schmale, Bernd Engels
  • Patent number: 7134718
    Abstract: An upper end portion of a seat backrest and a lower end portion of a head rest are superposed together. A rear end portion of an upper portion cushion member and a lower end portion of the seat backrest are superposed together. These superposed portions are sewn together by thin threads which break when pressing force of a predetermined value or greater is applied to the seat backrest. Thus, when pressing force of the predetermined value or greater is applied to the seat backrest, the thin threads break. A portion of the seat backrest which a shoulder portion of a seated occupant contacts, and a portion of the seat backrest which buttocks of the seated occupant contact, are enlarged, and impact force can be damped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2006
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Delta Tooling Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Eiichi Yasuda, Shunichi Doi, Katsuya Ibaraki, Etsunori Fujita, Yumi Ogura, Seiji Kawasaki
  • Patent number: 7128374
    Abstract: An energy absorbing device with torso displacement limiter to be applied to any seatbelt model is characterized by a laminated plate conveniently fastened to a retractor body of a seatbelt. The device presents predetermined resistance and malleability characteristics and is provided with a convenient number of folds arranged in parallel with respect to each other and transversally with respect to the longitudinal axis of the plate. The folds, when submitted to a certain traction strength resulting from a strong collision or sudden deceleration of a vehicle in which they are being used, are gradually unfolded, causing a gradual increase in the length of plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Chris Cintos de Seguranca Ltda.
    Inventor: Christos Argyrios Mitropoulos
  • Patent number: 7083237
    Abstract: A juvenile restraint system includes a juvenile seat and a tether coupled at one end to the juvenile seat and at an opposite end to an anchor provided in a vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Cosco Management, Inc.
    Inventors: William Horton, Steven Oltman, Eugene Balensiefer, Richard Glover
  • Patent number: 7048339
    Abstract: A force-limiting energy absorber comprises at least a first and a second elongated metal element (12, 13), being chosen out of a group consisting of a metal wire, a profiled metal wire, a metal strand, a bundle of untwisted metal wires and a metal rope. The elongated metal elements (12, 13) are deformable in its plastic region of its load-elongation diagram for absorbing energy. The load-elongation diagram and elongation at fracture of the first elongated metal element (12) is different from the load elongation diagram and elongation at fracture of the second elongated metal element (13).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: N.V. Bekaert S.A.
    Inventors: Feng Mei, Thomas Beirnaert
  • Patent number: 6986480
    Abstract: A force limiter is provided on a belt retractor. The belt retractor comprises a belt spool (1) that is rotatably mounted in a frame (10) and has at least one flange (1a) and a disk (2) that can be non-rotatably blocked on the frame. The disk (2) and the flange (1a) of the belt spool (1) are adapted to be coupled by a cutting element (3). The cutting element (3), with a relative rotation between the disk (2) and the flange (1a), comes into a coupling position and cuts material when the relative rotation is continued.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2006
    Assignee: TRW Occupant Restraint Systems GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Herbert Blum, Bernd Gentner, Thomas Kielwein
  • Patent number: 6969089
    Abstract: A belt force limiter which limits the belt force through the twisting of a torsion bar. The belt force limiter includes a flange, a reel for winding and unwinding the belt, as well as the torsion bar. Additionally, a shear pin or a deformable pin may be provided for locking the flange and the reel together, so that the relative turning of the flange and reel is prevented or impeded until the tensile force acting on the belt exceeds a preset level momentarily or over a preset period of time. Thus the force limitation is delayed or graduated. Furthermore, in a method for reducing the danger of injury to a vehicle's occupant by means of a restraining system the belt force is allowed to increase to an elevated level of force and then the belt force diminishes again before the belt force limitation begins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: Takata-Petri (Ulm) GmbH
    Inventors: Gerhard Klingauf, Andreas Maunz, Norbert Wahl, Oliver Glinka, Wolfgang Schrade
  • Patent number: 6966607
    Abstract: A device for tensioning a safety belt includes a pyrotechnic linear drive. The linear drive includes a gas generator (10) with an ignition unit (16), and a protective cap (18) to secure the gas generator (10) before and during the assembly of the gas generator (10). In the installed state of the device, at least a portion of the protective cap (18), after the igniting of the gas generator (10), represents a function element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Assignee: TRW Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Guenter Weyhmueller, Wilfried Bieg
  • Patent number: 6767057
    Abstract: A vehicle has a vehicle structure including a vehicle seat having a seat back and a seat cushion intersecting at a seat bight. A vehicle anchorage system for securing a child seat on the vehicle seat comprises two lower anchorage assemblies each having a fixed member secured to the vehicle structure, an anchor having a latchable portion for releasable engagement with a lower child seat tether hook at the seat bight, and an energy absorbing mechanism operable above a predetermined force threshold to provide a limited forward displacement of the anchor and the lower child seat tether hook. The vehicle anchorage system also includes an upper anchorage assembly having a fixed portion secured to the vehicle structure, a latchable portion for releasable engagement with an upper child seat tether hook, and an energy absorbing mechanism operable above a second predetermined force threshold to provide a limited forward displacement of the latchable portion and the upper child seat tether hook.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Neelis
  • Publication number: 20040090107
    Abstract: ENERGY ABSORBING DEVICE WITH TORSO DISPLACEMENT LIMITER is a device (1) to be applied to any model of seatbelt (C), consisted of laminated plate (2) provided with convenient number of folds (3) arranged parallel among themselves and transversally in relation to the longitudinal axle of plate and/or of additional element (4) provided with convenient number of turns (5). These folds and turns, when submitted to a certain traction strength, resulting from strong collision or sudden deceleration of the vehicle, are gradually unfolded and/or unrolled, causing a gradual increase in the length of referred plate (2) and of referred element (4), respectively. The seatbelt additional displacement, necessary and required to attend and gradually absorb the sudden deceleration of vehicle is provided by the own retractor body (R) of seatbelt, more specifically by the energy absorbing device (1) installed therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2003
    Publication date: May 13, 2004
    Inventor: Christos Argyrios Mitropoulos
  • Patent number: 6719369
    Abstract: In an arrangement of a child seat on a motor vehicle seat according to the ISOFIX standard, in the case of a crash-associated deceleration, the child seat is displaced in a limited manner in the direction of travel (FR), so that the resultant movement of the child in said direction of travel (FR) is compensated within the seatbelt system of the child seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2004
    Assignee: Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Bernhard Wagner
  • Patent number: 6712394
    Abstract: A tensioner for a safety belt includes a cylinder, a piston which is slidably arranged within the cylinder, and a traction transfer element which is connected with the piston to transfer a movement of the piston to the safety belt. The tensioner further includes a drive which may exert a driving force on the piston to tension the safety belt. The piston is provided with a deformation element which the traction transfer element engages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: TRW Occupant Restraint Systems GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Hans-Peter Betz, Wolf-Dieter Hönl
  • Patent number: 6669288
    Abstract: In a child seat device, a child seat body is connected to a base while a bar disposed at the front bottom thereof is engaged with a guide member disposed at the front of the base, and the child seat body is pivotally supported on the arms standing at the rear of the base via shafts on the right and left rear sides thereof. The guide member extends forward and upward from the front of the base. The bar is movable along the guide member. In the case of a head-on collision of the car, the child seat body pivots on the shafts, so that the bar swings along the guide member to reduce the load to be applied to a passenger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: Takata Corporation
    Inventors: Osamu Nakagawa, Junichi Yoshida