With Supports Patents (Class 30/231)
  • Patent number: 9936633
    Abstract: The stalk cutter device and method of use thereof obtains a desired length of plant stalk, particularly a cornstalk, from a desired distance from the ground. The stalk cutter device includes a pair of handles pivotally connected to a pair of pruning type of cutters. A support rod is mounted through the pivot connections of the cutters and extends laterally a desired distance from the lower cutter to support the device at the desired height to cut the desired portion of the stalk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas
    Inventors: Trenton Lee Roberts, Chester Eugene Greub
  • Patent number: 9339876
    Abstract: The strap and band cutter is specially configured to produce smoothly rounded corners on the ends of a cut band or strap when opening palletized loads and other materials secured together by straps or bands for shipping. The cutter is a manually operated shear having two elongate lever arms joined by a pivot. The arms terminate in handles at one end and cutting jaws at the other. The cutter operates in double shear, i.e., a central jaw having two cutting edges passes through the opposite jaw and its two shear faces. The jaws are specially configured to produce rounded corners on the two cut ends of the strap or band after cutting, thus greatly reducing or eliminating the chance of injury from contact with one of the ends of the cut strap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Inventor: Dennis Salinas
  • Patent number: 9084626
    Abstract: A skull bone cutting scissors system is disclosed that comprises a scissors assembly including having first and second members each having a handle portion and a blade portion. The first and second members have an inner periphery and an outer periphery, with at least a section of the inner periphery of the blade portion being sharpened. The second member is pivotally connected to the first member. The first member has a conductive section located along a portion of the inner periphery and the second member has a conductive section located along a portion of the inner periphery. The system includes a cautery energizing apparatus in electrical communication with the conductive section of the first member and the conductive section of the second member. The cautery energizing apparatus is configured to provide power to the conductive sections of the first member and the second member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Inventor: Wilson T. Asfora
  • Patent number: 8122797
    Abstract: The invention relates to a tool for clamping together pivotable parts under bias relative to each other, using a swing bolt construction for mounting the pivotable parts on a fork of a holder. Such a swing bolt construction has a swing bolt with a widened part provided on a first outer end and provided on the other outer end with first fastener, such as a thread. Further the swing bolt construction has a nut provided with a second fastener, such as a thread, for fastening the nut to the first fastener on the other end of the swing bolt. The widened part of the swing bolt and the nut lie in use—i.e. in assembled state—against the pivotable parts for clamping thereof under the required bias.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: N.V. Holmatro
    Inventor: Antonius Johannes Henricus Bruurs
  • Patent number: 7992308
    Abstract: The present invention is an extended reach power tool apparatus. The apparatus includes a powerhead and a yoke. The powerhead includes a motor which is enclosed by a casing. The yoke includes a base portion configured for being secured to a pole. The yoke also includes a boss configured for being pivotally secured to the powerhead. Further, the powerhead may be rotatable about the boss. The boss may form an aperture configured for receiving wiring, such that the wiring may be routed from a source, through the pole, and to the powerhead.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: MTD Products Inc
    Inventor: David B. Fisher
  • Patent number: 7937839
    Abstract: An improved pole pruner for pruning a limb from a tree is provided which includes structure which grabs or grasps that portion of the tree limb to be detached as the cutting blade of the pole pruner severs the tree limb from the tree thereby preventing the severed tree limb from falling downwardly and injuring the operator of the pole pruner. The operator of the pole pruner may maneuver the pole pruner to a location wherein it is safe to release the severed tree limb from the pole pruner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Inventors: Jeffrey G. Fidgen, Scotty D. Bolling
  • Publication number: 20100236080
    Abstract: A wire cutting device includes a base, a fixed blade member mounted on the base, an operation handle including a gripping end adapted to be grasped when operating the wire cutting device and a hinge end pivotally connected to the fixed blade member such that the operation handle is moveable between a first position away from the base and a second position towards the base. The wire cutting device also includes a moving blade mechanism operably controlled by the operation handle. The base can contact with a surface that serves to stably support the wire cutting device, and with the wire cutting device being stably supported by the surface during the operation thereof and thereby making the operation effort-saving.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Inventor: Hsin-Te Huang
  • Patent number: 7581320
    Abstract: Scissors for cutting off a part delivery tape are disclosed. The part delivery tape includes a carrier tape with recesses at predetermined intervals where the recesses include openings on an upper end for accommodating parts, and a top tape adhered to the upper surface of the carrier tape so as to cover the openings of the recess portions. The scissors include a blade member and an abutment member rotatably mounted on a pivot. The blade member includes first and second blades and a grip, the blades and grip at opposite sides of the pivot. The abutment member includes an abutting portion and a grip at opposite sides of the pivot. In the cutting position the first blade is arranged to have a clearance between the first blade and the abutting portion equal to the thickness of the top tape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: Fuji Machine Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Norimitsu Achiwa, Yukinori Takada
  • Publication number: 20090158597
    Abstract: An apparatus for cutting medical tubes includes a frame having first and second members. Each of the first and second members has a tube support mount to assist in supporting a medical tube. The first and second members are adapted for relative movement between a first position for facilitating positioning of the medical tube proximal the tube supporting mounts and a second position for capturing the medical tube within the tube supporting mounts. A cutting element is mounted to the frame. The cutting element is moveable through a cutting plane and independent of the relative movement of the first and second members to sever the medical tube captured within the tube support mounts when in the second position of the first and second members. A manual member may be operatively connected to the cutting element and actuable through manual manipulation of a health care professional to move the cutting element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2008
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Applicant: Tyco Healthcare Group LP
    Inventors: Richard M. Braga, Brett Haarala, Kevin Trainor, Sean McDermott
  • Publication number: 20090119929
    Abstract: The tree trimming apparatus includes a cutting head assembly adapted to be mounted to the end of a pole by a mounting bracket. A main lever arm is pivotally mounted at a first end to a support arm of a hook of the cutting head assembly, and a pulley receiving a rope for manual operation of the cutting or shearing blade is connected to the main lever arm. First and second parallel spaced apart link members are pivotally connected at their upper end portions to first and second sides of the blade lever arm, and are pivotally connected at their lower end portions to the first and second sides of the main lever arm, medially and near an end of the main lever arm. A coil return spring is connected between the lever arm of the cutting blade and a point on the main lever arm medially of the link members.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2007
    Publication date: May 14, 2009
    Inventors: Gary J. Monnig, Jules P. Paquet, Marc J. Paquet
  • Publication number: 20090064503
    Abstract: A device for cutting a thin material such as a foil, fabric, paper and condiment packet is disclosed. The device is particularly suited for persons who lack dexterity in their fingers or palms and have difficulty using scissors for cutting. The device comprises of an angled blade adapted for movement along an axis perpendicular to a plane defined by the material, and a straight stationary blade that together impart a shearing action onto the material. For safe operation, the device is encased in an enclosure having a slot for inserting the material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2008
    Publication date: March 12, 2009
    Inventor: David Martin Young
  • Publication number: 20070209213
    Abstract: A pair of kitchen shears comprises a pair of blade members having respective handle portions at their proximal end regions and respective cutting edges at their distal end regions, and a coupling mechanism for coupling the blade members for pivoting movement with respect to each other about a pivot axis generally perpendicular to the blade members so that the cutting edges can be pivoted towards and away from each other about said axis. The coupling mechanism is manually operable to selectively decouple the blade members from each other. At least one of the blade members has a knife edge along its distal end region so it can function as a paring knife when separated from the other blade member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2007
    Publication date: September 13, 2007
    Applicant: CULINHOME, INC.
    Inventor: Rama Chorpash
  • Patent number: 6842983
    Abstract: A pair of gardening shears includes two expandable handles, each handle being formed of an oval outer tube, an oval inner tube, and a grip rotatably fastened to the lower end of the outer tube. The inner tube is slidably fitted at the lower end into the upper end of the outer tube in conjunction with a locating structure including a threaded rod fastened at the lower end to the grip, an upper arresting block, a lower arresting block, and a spring located between the two arresting blocks, which are actuated by the threaded rod to arrest the inner tube at the time when the grip is turned counterclockwise. The inner tube is relieved of the pressures exerting thereon by the two arresting blocks at the time when the grip is tuned clockwise.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Ho Cheng Garden Tools Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Sheng-Ming Hsu
  • Publication number: 20040111896
    Abstract: A storage bracket for an electric hair trimmer, including a plate for being releasably secured to a cutting head on the trimmer and an opening defined by the plate and adapted for receiving a support member therethrough for suspending the bracket from the support member, thereby placing the trimmer in a stored position when not in use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2002
    Publication date: June 17, 2004
    Inventor: Marcus W. David
  • Patent number: 6526857
    Abstract: A manually operated modified bolt cutter is placed in a fixture supporting a bolt cutter in a reversed operating position allowing the operator to cut small dimension materials using a one hand or arm pushing motion instead of the two hand or arm compression motion. The fixture holding the bolt cutter is fixedly mounted on a bench or like support and has two upright members between which is held one handle of the bolt cutter. Bolts through the side members and one handle support the bolt cutter in the fixture. When the moveable handle is in a near vertical position the jaws of the cutter are open. When the moveable handle is pushed away from the operator, toward the rear of the cutter, the jaws close making the cut. The moveable handle is bent at an angle to decrease the operator's wrist to arm angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Inventors: Jean Ray Roush, Darlene June Roush
  • Patent number: 6112414
    Abstract: A hand-held beauty appliance assembly comprising a hand-held beauty appliance and a battery charger. The hand-held beauty appliance includes an appliance housing portion including a rechargeable battery socket having therein a keyway groove, a frame fixedly supported within the appliance housing portion, an electrical motor fixedly supported on the frame, and a pair of electrical terminals connected to the electrical motor and fixedly supported on the frame. The hand-held appliance also includes a rechargeable battery portion insertable into the battery socket and including a pair of electrical terminals in engagement with the pair of electrical terminals of the appliance housing portion when the rechargeable battery portion is located in the battery socket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Andis Company
    Inventors: Matthew L. Andis, Robert E. Derby, John M. Piwaron
  • Patent number: 5787590
    Abstract: An open top shoe having a slotted end cap, an opened end, a bottom wall and opposing side walls contoured to removably support a commercially available industrial electric foliage clipper, is integrally supported to an elongated pole that may be telescopic and includes a slotted end cap at one end to encapsulate the aft end of the clipper and a portion of the handle. A strap attached by a cord to the shoe is adapted to secure the trigger to the clipper's handle and place the clipper in the active condition. An electrical extension cord with a male plug is attached internally at the bottom of the pole and a detachable end cap fits into the end of the pole to close the end and the male plug. A female plug adapted to fit into the male plug of the clipper is secured to the end of the electrical extension cord that snakes through a hole formed on the upper end of the pole. Straps supported to the side walls of the shoe secure the clipper in place and prevent the clipper from dislodging from the bottom wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Inventor: Thomas C. D'Alessandro, Sr.
  • Patent number: 5778539
    Abstract: The invention relates to a pull grip which can be attached to any place on a pull rope in order to operate the cutting tools via the pull rope in a convenient position which is ergonometrically favorable. The pull grip is in this connection guided by a passage hole on the pull rope and can be clamped by oblique pull by clamping ribs which are arranged within an angular segment recess. In order to facilitate the elimination of the clamping of the rope, a release device in the form of a release sleeve provided with handle can be provided which guides the pull rope and is displaceable within the passage hole or a bearing sleeve adjoining same into the angular segment recess in order to lift the rope out of the clamping ribs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Wolf-Garten GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Manfred Schneider, Gerhard Staudt
  • Patent number: 5743018
    Abstract: A pruning shear device includes a hook formed on the upper portion of a handle for engaging with a tree limb. A bar has one end pivotally coupled to the handle and bar an oblong bole. A cutter blade is pivotally coupled to the handle and has a free end slidably engaged in the oblong hole of the bar. A lever has one end pivotally coupled to the handle and a link pivotally couples the middle portion of the lever to the bar for allowing the lever to rotate the bar and the cutter blade with less force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1998
    Inventor: Meng Tun Wang
  • Patent number: 5315762
    Abstract: A grass shearing tool has an elongate extension arm connected to a base which in turn supports a grass shearing mechanism. A first lever is pivotally mounted on the base and connected to an upper pivotal blade of a shearing mechanism. A remote actuating lever is mounted pivotally on the extension arm and coupled to the first lever by a connecting rod to enable a user to operate the shearing mechanism while standing upright.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1994
    Inventor: Timothy C. Dearman
  • Patent number: 5168629
    Abstract: The present invention is a scissor assembly adapted to be in an open or closed position and to be manipulated by a user to cut a selected material. The scissors assembly includes a first scissors member and a second scissors member pivotally connect and biased into the open position. The first scissor member has a handle and a blade. The first handle is formed as an enlarged and elongated shaft sized to fit in a user's palm and be gripped by the fingers, the second scissor member likewise, has a handle and a blade. The second handle has a portion which defines a lever sized to be manipulated by the thumb when the first handle portion is fit in the user's palm and gripped by the user's fingers. In the preferred embodiment, the first handle is formed as a releasable container and the second handle is foreshortened relative to the first handle. In the alternative embodiments, the first handle is formed of implements such as a screw-driver, flashlight or pliers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1992
    Inventor: Frank Willard
  • Patent number: 5070576
    Abstract: A hedge trimmer extension handle for use with hand held hedge trimmers provides extended reach for the operator when used in connection with the hedge trimmer. The extension handle device is adapted for use with Black & Decker electric hedge trimmers and provides an easy to use extension handle that the user can quickly attach to the hedge trimmer to reach vegetation which is beyond the user's reach either vertically, horizontally, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1991
    Inventor: Jerry W. Banta
  • Patent number: 4984368
    Abstract: An emergency scissors for cutting through a jammed seat belt of a motor vehicle is provided in which the blades are blunt tipped to avoid injury to the eyes. The emergency scissors can be carried in a storage sheath that is attached to a dashboard of the motor vehicle. The emergency scissors can also be connected by an L-shaped bracket to a seat belt buckle and be in position to immediately cut through the jammed seat belt after a collision.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1991
    Inventors: James R. Hoover, George Spector
  • Patent number: 4970790
    Abstract: A tool holder for facilitating the carving of carpet fibers for producing a decorative, sculpted surface includes a rigid, polygonal-shaped base plate having a central opening formed therein through which the cutting head of a carpet carver may pass. The plate includes a plurality of handles disposed about its perimeter and mounted on the upper surface thereof is a support member to which a tool clamp can be attached at any one of a plurality of different height elevations thus providing for a depth-of-cut adjustment. The tool clamping fixture includes a central opening the size of which can be adjusted to loosely or tightly grip a carpet carver. The clamping fixture is pivotally secured to the support permitting further adjustment of the depth of cut as well as the angle of intersection of the cutting head with the carpet surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1990
    Inventor: Martin L. Anderson
  • Patent number: 4776096
    Abstract: The present disclosure is related to a scissors means which is particularly adopted to cut Venetian blind slats into standard sizes, and is characterized by its readiness and precision of operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1988
    Inventor: A-Shien Chang
  • Patent number: 4747213
    Abstract: A tool support inclues clamping members for holding the handle of a conventional tool and leg members for urging the clamping members together to secure the tool handle between the clamping members and for supporting the tool at the desired height. In one embodiment, the clamping members are two identical members with arcuate central portions having flanges, wherein the leg members are rods that extend through holes in the flanges and have threaded ends for accepting nuts to urge the clamping members together with the tool handle therebetween. In an alternate embodiment, one of the clamping members is modified, each leg member has a L-shaped end, and the clamping members and L-shaped ends of the leg members cooperate to prevent the clamping members and legs from twisting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1988
    Inventor: Leonard J. Armstrong
  • Patent number: 4733470
    Abstract: Mounting apparatus 10 for use with commercial electric hedge trimming apparatus 12 comprises a hand-held support frame 14 to support the hedge trimmer at one end 18. The hedge trimmer is angularly adjustable in direction A about an axis 19 to vary the angle of cut. Mounting means 20 for the hedge trimmer provides both for said angular adjustment of the trimmer and for releasably securing it to the apparatus whereby the hand tool 22 may be detached for subsequent direct hand operation by a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1988
    Inventor: Henry J. Firman
  • Patent number: 4707921
    Abstract: An extension handle facilitating use of a handheld electrically driven grass shear from an upright standing position that removably attaches to the hand grippable portion of the grass shear by depending pairs of opposed, resilient, inwardly biased clamps. A flexible strip extends through the extension handle for remote control of the grass shear on/off controls from the hand gripped section of the extension handle. The flexible strip includes a depending cam for laterally moving an on/off slide lock switch. Inwardly directed guide posts within the extension handle direct movement of the flexible strip substantially in the direction necessary to actuate the controls on the grass shear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1987
    Assignee: Marvin Glass & Associates
    Inventors: Burton C. Meyer, Fritz Fauser
  • Patent number: 4649646
    Abstract: An improved cutting mechanism for a pole pruner; the cutting mechanism includes a head mounted on the upper end of an elongate vertical pole. The head has an upwardly, radially forwardly and downwardly turned, recurvant, work-engaging hook defining a downwardly and laterally opening hook opening with an inner shearing edge. An elongate normally vertically extending cutting blade is normally positioned adjacent one side of the hook and is pivotally mounted at its upper end to pivot forwardly and upwardly across the hook opening. The cutting blade has an elongate actuating lever normally projecting upwardly and rearwardly from its upper end. The lever arm is pivoted rearwardly and downwardly by manually applied force to pivot the blade from its normal position across the hook opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1987
    Inventor: Harland Lemcke
  • Patent number: 4619168
    Abstract: A cutting mechanism adapted for paper can be formed from sheet metal and cooperate with an anvil having a straight edge wherein the blade has the cutting surface which tapers toward the opposite edge of the blade and the metal is bent from the plane of the blade along the tapered edge at a progressively greater angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1986
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Leo M. Klisch
  • Patent number: 4531291
    Abstract: The clipper is driven by a flexible shaft from a stationary motor supported by a stand clamped to an edge of a grooming table. Because the motor is not incorporated in the clipper casing as characterizes prior art clippers, the casing is lighter, operates at a cooler temperature and can be made more powerful by utilizing a motor of higher rated horsepower and rpm than the smaller type motors incorporated in a clipper casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1985
    Assignee: Kelly Crisp
    Inventor: Kim E. Laube
  • Patent number: 4361959
    Abstract: A brush cutter including a first normally horizontal blade having a transverse slot, support structure including an elongated handle generally orthogonal to the blade to enable positioning of the slot about the base of a stalk to be cut, a second blade guided to slide on the first blade to move across the slot, a pedal pivoted to the support structure, and a linkage pivotally connecting the pedal to the second blade to cause the second blade to slide. In a first embodiment the sliding is linear, and in a second embodiment the sliding is rotary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1982
    Inventor: John R. Akerson
  • Patent number: 4249308
    Abstract: A bolt cutter wherein there are removably replaceable cutter blades supported in cutting relation by pivotally connected jaws and wherein the jaws are structured to transmit the force couple for cutting to the blades at opposite ends and at opposite sides. Pivotal movement of the jaws relative to each other is effected by a cam roll and cam groove interengaged by the lever handles connected to the jaws. The cam groove is structured to enable changing its contour to thereby change the mechanical advantage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 10, 1981
    Inventor: Alfred Z. Boyajian
  • Patent number: 4247984
    Abstract: A knife and chopper board combination is provided in which the knife is pivotally coupled to the board at its forward end to permit it to be turned about a vertical axis to various angular positions with respect to the top of the board and then turned about a horizontal axis for chopping, slicing or dicing food. A feature of the combination is the fact that the knife is easily removable from its supporting structure for cleaning and storing purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1981
    Assignee: Prodyne Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher J. McArdle, Omer T. Simeon
  • Patent number: 4188721
    Abstract: A back hoe attachment for cutting and moving cables or the like pivotally positions a cutting blade and hook on the end of a back hoe boom for actuation by a piston and cylinder of the back hoe. A fixed blade is secured to the boom forming a shear point between the movable cutting blade and the fixed blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1980
    Inventors: Michael Ramun, John R. Ramun
  • Patent number: 4152831
    Abstract: A tool holder for a scissor-like tool whose blades are biased to an open position by means of a spring has a portion co-acting with the blades or handles which are forced against that portion to secure the tool in the holder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1977
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1979
    Assignee: Tullen Industries Limited
    Inventor: Peter O. Davies
  • Patent number: 4058894
    Abstract: The shears comprises a frame, a first jaw integral with the frame, a second jaw pivotable relative to the first jaw, a lever for operating the shears, a first pivot pin pivotally connecting the lever to the frame, a first structure, a second pivot pin pivotally connecting the first structure to the frame, a second structure, a third pivot pin pivotally connecting the second structure to the lever. The first, second and third pivot pins are parallel. The first structure comprises a member mounted to be slidable on the second structure in a direction in alignment with the third pivot pin. A first elastically yieldable device having a rotary action and capable of exerting a substantially constant force is mounted between the frame and the first structure. A second elastically yieldable device having a rectilinear action and capable of exerting a cumulative force is mounted on the second structure between a fixed part of the second structure and the slidable member of the first structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1977
    Assignee: Laminoirs Trefileries Cableries de Lens (Anciens Etablissements Gaillard-Stievenart)
    Inventor: Georges Joseph Leturgez
  • Patent number: 4054991
    Abstract: An adjustable hair clipping device comprising a base and a support member to which is affixed a cutting member such as a pair of ordinary scissors. The support member includes means for positioning the scissors a predetermined distance from the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1976
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1977
    Inventor: William J. Bahr