Gap On And Along Axis Patents (Class 313/142)
  • Patent number: 10958045
    Abstract: In a spark plug, a base material contains 50 mass % or more of Ni, 8 mass % or more and 40 mass % or less of Cr, 0.01 mass % or more and 2 mass % or less of Si, 0.01 mass % or more and 2 mass % or less of Al, 0.01 mass % or more and 2 mass % or less of Mn, 0.01 mass % or more and 0.1 mass % or less of C, and 0.001 mass % or more and 5 mass % or less of Fe. A discharge member contains at least Pt of a P group (Pt, Rh, Ir, and Ru) and Ni. The atomic concentration K of the P group of the discharge member, the atomic concentration L of the P group of the base material, the atomic concentration M of Ni of the discharge member, and the atomic concentration N of Ni of the base material satisfy (K+L)/(M+N)?1.14.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Daisuke Sumoyama, Kazuki Ito
  • Patent number: 10615576
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a spark plug for engines. The spark plug includes a center electrode and a ground electrode that includes a center void and a ground void respectively. An initial spark gap is formed between the center electrode and the ground electrode. A center electrode initial surface is disposed between the center void and the spark gap and a ground electrode initial surface is disposed between the ground void and the spark gap. The center void and ground void can become exposed through wear of the center electrode initial surface and ground electrode initial surface respectively. When the wear breaches center electrode initial surface and the ground electrode initial surface the wear creates a center first concentration edge and a ground first concentration edge that focus an electrical field and reduces the voltage required for fuel breakdown.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: James Cress
  • Patent number: 10439367
    Abstract: An ignition plug for an internal combustion engine includes an electrode protrusion that protrudes from an electrode base material of a ground electrode toward a discharge gap. The electrode protrusion has a base part that is integrated with the electrode base material and a cover part that is joined to the base part and faces the discharge gap. The base part has an end surface facing a protrusion direction of the base part and a side peripheral surface. An outer edge of the end surface has a curved surface. The cover part is formed from a precious metal or a precious metal alloy having a lower linear expansion coefficient than that of a material for forming the base part and covers at least a part of the side peripheral surface and the end surface of the base part. While the ignition plug is attached to an internal combustion engine and the electrode protrusion is heated and then cooled, a projection is formed on an outer surface of a portion covering the side peripheral surface of the base part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masayuki Tamura, Nobuo Abe, Masamichi Shibata
  • Patent number: 10312669
    Abstract: An electrode base material of the spark plug contains not less than 50 wt. % of Ni. A discharge member contains not less than 45 wt. % of Pt, and at least one of Ni and Rh. An intermediate member contains Pt and Ni. In the discharge member, a content of Pt is highest, and a total content of Pt, Rh, and Ni is not less than 92 wt. %. In the intermediate member, a content of one of Pt and Ni is not less than 50 wt. %, a content of Ni is higher than a content of Ni in the discharge member, and a total content of Pt, Rh, and Ni is not less than 85 wt. %. A thickness of the diffusion layer formed between the discharge member and the intermediate member is not less than 0.002 mm and not more than 0.065 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Daisuke Sumoyama, Tatsuya Gozawa, Tsutomu Shibata
  • Patent number: 10084288
    Abstract: A spark plug including a metallic shell having a ground electrode, an insulator held inside the metallic shell and having an axial hole having a small diameter portion, an intermediate diameter portion connected to a rear end of the small diameter portion via a step portion, and a large diameter portion disposed on the rear side of the intermediate diameter portion, a resistor disposed inside the large diameter portion, a center electrode having a flange portion which bulges in a radial direction inside the intermediate diameter portion and comes into contact with the step portion and a leg portion which extends forward from the flange portion and is disposed inside the small diameter portion, and a seal disposed on the rear side of the step portion and electrically connecting the center electrode and the resistor. The rear end of the seal is located inside the intermediate diameter portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hironori Uegaki, Seiji Nakano, Hirokazu Kurono
  • Patent number: 9543739
    Abstract: A spark plug comprises an insulator having a axial hole penetrating in a direction of an axis, a central electrode provided on the front end side of the axial hole, a tubular metal shell that holds the insulator, and a ground electrode including a surface layer and a core material that is surrounded by the surface layer and has a larger thermal conductivity than that of the surface layer. The metal shell of the spark plug has a protruding portion in which at least a part of the metal shell protrudes toward the front end side in the direction of the axis. The ground electrode has an end surface at one end portion thereof joined to the inside of the protruding portion and the other end portion thereof facing the central electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yasushi Sakakura
  • Patent number: 9318879
    Abstract: A spark plug has a firing pad attached to a center electrode or a ground electrode by way of a fused portion. In one or more embodiments, the firing pad is composed of a precious metal material. The fused portion can be formed in such a way that a material composition thereof at a sparking surface of the firing pad has a greater percentage of the precious metal material than a material of the underlying electrode to which the firing pad is attached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Ignition Company
    Inventors: Kevin J. Kowalski, Frederick J. Quitmeyer, Nathan A. Thomson, Curtis W. Verhoff, Richard L. Keller
  • Patent number: 9172214
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a center electrode, a ceramic insulator provided with an axial hole, a metal shell, and a ground electrode having a facing surface that faces a leading end surface of the center electrode. An annular space is formed between an outer peripheral surface of the center electrode and an inner peripheral surface of the axial hole and is opened toward a leading end side, and when C (mm) is a distance between the outer peripheral surface of the center electrode and the inner peripheral surface of the axial hole in the opening of the annular space, C?0.2 mm is satisfied. In a cross-section which includes the axial line and is orthogonal to the center axis of the ground electrode, a contour line of lateral surfaces of the ground electrode has a curved shape convexed outward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kaori Suzuki
  • Patent number: 9095925
    Abstract: In an earth electrode apparatus, a cradle having first, second, and third shanks to which first, second, and third earth electrodes can be attached respectively is coupled to a shaft supported by a base. The cradle is coupled thereto in a tiltable manner. If the surface of a workpiece is irregular or inclined, the cradle tilts for balancing with the workpiece to ensure equal contact pressure for the contact of the first, second, and third earth electrodes with the workpiece, thereby offering stable contact irrespective of surface irregularity or inclination. Since a welding current is split to flow into the first, second, and third earth electrodes through respective points of contact thereof with the workpiece, it is possible to reduce current density at each of the points of contact and to avoid heat generation ascribable to conductive resistance at each of the points of contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: FUJI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Kensuke Sakai
  • Patent number: 9016253
    Abstract: There is provided a spark plug for an internal combustion engine, including: a center electrode extending in the direction of an axis of the spark plug and having a core of higher thermal expansion coefficient than that of a front end thereof, the center electrode including a flanged portion radially outwardly protruding on a rear side thereof and a cylindrical portion located closer to a front end of the spark plug than the flanged portion and being smaller in diameter than the flanged portion; an insulator having an axial hole in the direction of the axis to retain the flanged portion in the axial hole with the cylindrical portion held in a loose-fit state in the axial hole; and a metal shell accommodating the insulator, wherein the spark plug satisfies the following condition: Cb<Cf where Cb is a difference between an inner diameter of the axial hole and an outer diameter of the cylindrical portion at an arbitrary axial position B in the direction of the axis; and Cf is a difference between the inner di
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kaori Kishimoto, Katsutoshi Nakayama, Hiroyuki Kameda, Tomoaki Aoki
  • Patent number: 9000658
    Abstract: A spark plug in which a front end portion of a ground electrode is positioned outside of a virtual outer circumferential face that is formed by extending a front and outer circumferential face of a center electrode in the axis direction, and positioned on a front end side in the axis direction with respect to a virtual face including a front end face of the center electrode. Further, the equation 1.1?b/a?1.6 is satisfied, where “a” (mm) represents a first minimal distance between the front end portion of the center electrode and the front end portion of the ground electrode and, where “b” (mm) represents a second minimal distance between the front end portion of a ceramic insulator and the front end portion of the ground electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Iwao Kunitomo, Kenji Ban
  • Patent number: 8987981
    Abstract: A sparkplug includes a ground electrode forming a gap with a front end surface of the center electrode. A front end portion of the ground electrode includes an opposed surface facing the center electrode, and a pair of tapered surfaces sandwiching the opposed surface. A shortest distance between the center electrode and a boundary formed by the opposed surface and the tapered surface is equal to or less than 1.2 times a distance of the gap. At least a part of a cross section of the core portion is disposed in a region at a front side of the straight line that passes a rear end of a line segment corresponding to the tapered surface and is vertical to the line segment. A shortest distance between the line segment and the cross section of the core portion is 0.2 mm or more and 1.5 mm or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Susumu Imai
  • Patent number: 8952603
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a metal shell and a gasket. The metal shell includes a thread portion, a seat portion, and a thread root portion. The gasket has an inner diameter smaller than a thread size of the thread portion. The relationships 0.8L?C?L?2A and B?0.75L are satisfied in a case where: in the seat portion, an outer diameter of a seating portion is L (mm); the maximum value of a relatively shiftable distance is A (mm), the gasket is shiftable along a direction orthogonal to the axis relative to the metal shell by the maximum value; in the gasket, an outer diameter is C (mm); and in the gasket, an inner diameter is B (mm).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenji Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8928213
    Abstract: A spark plug for an internal-combustion engine. The spark plug includes a central electrode, an insulator that holds the central electrode inside, a housing that holds the insulator inside, a ground electrode that forms a spark gap with the central electrode. The ground electrode includes a ground base member connected to the housing, and a ground protrusion protruding from a confronting face of the ground base member confronting the central electrode. The ground protrusion has a diameter of 0.9 to 1.4 mm. The spark plug is configured to satisfy ???53R+49, where R [mm] is a curvature radius of a base member corner and ?[degrees] is an angle formed by a shortest connecting line between the base member corner and a protrusion corner and a plane perpendicular to an axial direction of the ground protrusion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventor: Yuki Murayama
  • Patent number: 8928212
    Abstract: A ground electrode includes a main body portion and a projecting portion having a width smaller than a width of the main body portion. A spark discharge gap is formed between a discharging surface of the projecting portion and a front end surface of a center electrode. When the front end surface and the ground electrode are projected on a first plane, at least a part of the projection region of the projecting portion overlaps the projection region of the front end surface. A width Le (mm), a width Lc (mm), a cross-sectional area Sg (mm2), a cross-sectional area Sc (mm2), an angle ?1 (°), an angle ?2 (°), an angle ?3 (°), and an angle ?4 (°) satisfy expressions Le<Lc, 2.9?Sc+Sg?4.25, and 0.30?(?1/?2)×(?3/?4)?0.67.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Ban, Tatsunori Yamada, Tomokatsu Kashima, Katsutoshi Nakayama
  • Publication number: 20150002011
    Abstract: A sparkplug includes a ground electrode forming a gap with a front end surface of the center electrode. A front end portion of the ground electrode includes an opposed surface facing the center electrode, and a pair of tapered surfaces sandwiching the opposed surface. A shortest distance between the center electrode and a boundary formed by the opposed surface and the tapered surface is equal to or less than 1.2 times a distance of the gap. At least a part of a cross section of the core portion is disposed in a region at a front side of the straight line that passes a rear end of a line segment corresponding to the tapered surface and is vertical to the line segment. A shortest distance between the line segment and the cross section of the core portion is 0.2 mm or more and 1.5 mm or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Susumu IMAI
  • Patent number: 8922104
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a center electrode, a ground electrode, and a ground-electrode-side tip joined to the ground electrode such that at least a portion of the tip along its thickness direction is embedded in the ground electrode. The ground-electrode-side tip is joined to the ground electrode through a fusion zone formed between the ground electrode and a proximal side of the tip. On a section containing a center axis of the ground electrode and in parallel with the thickness direction of the ground-electrode-side tip, E/F?1.1 is satisfied, where E (mm) is the longest distance along the thickness direction from an inner side of the ground electrode to a boundary between the fusion zone and the ground electrode, and F (mm) is the largest amount of embedment of the tip in the inner side surface along the thickness direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiro Inoue, Satoshi Nagasawa
  • Patent number: 8890398
    Abstract: Described is a spark plug for gasoline engines with an elongated hollow body made of metal, said body having a forward end with an undercut formed by an interior annular shoulder of the body and a rear end, with an elongated ceramic insulator which is mounted in the body and has a rear end that projects beyond the rear end of the body and has a forward end beyond which the forward end of the body projects, with a center electrode which is inserted into the insulator, projects beyond the forward end thereof, and is connected to a metal connection pin in an electrically conductive manner, said connection pin projecting beyond the rear end of the insulator, and with at least one ground electrode which starts from the forward end of the body and is approached to the center electrode to an electrode distance (EA) to form a spark gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Ignition GmbH
    Inventors: Alexander Schenk, Werner Niessner
  • Patent number: 8884504
    Abstract: A spark plug for an internal combustion engine is provided, which includes a housing, an insulation porcelain, a center electrode and a ground electrode. At least one of a tip portion of the center electrode and an opposing portion of the ground electrode is provided with a projection portion. At least one of the projection portions has a cross section perpendicular to the axial direction of the plug, the cross section having a minimum curvature radius portion and being in a specific shape that satisfies a predetermined requirement. The requirement is that, when a first straight line, a first line segment and a second straight line are provided, and when the cross section is divided into a first region and a second region by the second straight line, the second region has an area larger than the area of the first region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Ken Hanashi, Nobuo Abe
  • Patent number: 8866369
    Abstract: A spark plug (20) for being threaded into a cylinder head (28) includes a shell (24) with threads (26) disposed at a predetermined angled relative to the ground electrode (34). The position of the threads (26) relative to the ground electrode (34) places the ground electrode (34) in a predetermined position in the combustion chamber (22) and relative to components of the engine, thus allowing the ground electrode (34) to provide a robust and reliable ignition. The threads (26) are formed by a thread forming apparatus (102) that includes an orientation tool (38) to position the ground electrode (34) relative to a thread forming apparatus (102), allowing the thread forming apparatus (102) to form the threads (26) at the desired angle (?).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Ignition Company
    Inventors: Patrick M. Gfell, Donald R. Gregg, Kevin J. Kowalski
  • Patent number: 8866370
    Abstract: A spark plug including a center electrode and a ground electrode having a core portion and an outer layer covering the core portion, the core portion being formed from a material having a thermal conductivity higher than that of the outer layer. At least a portion in which thickness of the outer layer is 0.5 mm or less is present at a cross-section perpendicular to a direction in which the ground electrode is extended. Further, the composition of the electrode material forming the outer layer is as follows: Ni is 96 mass % or more, total of at least one kind selected from Y and rare earth elements is 0.05 mass % or more, Al is 0.5 mass % or less, and Si is 0.5 mass % or more and 1.5 mass % or less, where the total of Ni, Y, rare earth elements, Al, Si does not exceed 100 mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsutomu Shibata, Takaaki Kikai, Kenji Nunome, Osamu Yoshimoto
  • Patent number: 8853924
    Abstract: A spark ignition device, metal shell, and methods of construction are provided. The spark ignition device has a ceramic insulator extending along a longitudinal axis and a metal shell. The metal shell extends along the longitudinal axis to a distal end. A center electrode is received in the ceramic insulator and extends along the longitudinal axis. A ground electrode has an attachment end fixed by a weld joint to the distal end of the shell and a free end extending from the distal end to provide a spark gap. The weld joint includes a resistance weld joint and a laser weld joint, which in combination inhibit material expulsion; provide a reliable, strong attachment of the ground electrode to the shell; provide an improved heat transfer path between the ground electrode and the shell, and facilitate repeatable and accurate positioning of the ground electrode to the shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Ignition Company
    Inventor: Frederick J. Quitmeyer
  • Patent number: 8841826
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a ceramic insulator, a center electrode, a metallic shell, and a ground electrode. The center electrode has a shoulder portion at a forward end portion, which tapers forward with respect to the axial direction. A noble metal tip is joined to the forward end portion of the center electrode through a fusion zone. A spark discharge gap is formed between the noble metal tip and the ground electrode. The shortest distance between the fusion zone and a forward end surface of the noble metal tip is 0.8-1.2 mm. The outside diameter of the fusion zone as measured at a forward end of the fusion zone is smaller than that as measured at a rear end of the fusion zone. An acute angle ?1 formed by a straight line L1 and a straight line L2 satisfies the relational expression ?1?72°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuji Kasuya, Kenji Ban
  • Patent number: 8810119
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a center electrode having an end portion, and an earth electrode having an opposing portion opposed to the end portion via a gap. The end portion has an end-projecting portion. The opposing portion has an opposing-projecting portion opposed to the end-projecting portion. The end-projecting portion and the opposing-projecting portion have non-projection direction opposing surfaces which are parallel to and opposed to each other with a minimum distance and in a direction other than a projection direction. A first opposing area of a portion which includes the non-projection direction opposing surfaces and where the end-projecting portion and the opposing-projecting portion are opposed to each other with the minimum distance is larger than a second opposing area obtained when a plane of the end-projecting portion and a plane of the opposing-projecting portion, which are orthogonal to the projection direction, are opposed to each other in the projection direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Toshikazu Shimizu, Kouji Yamanaka
  • Patent number: 8760045
    Abstract: A spark plug for internal-combustion engines equipped with a center electrode and a ground electrode is provided. In the spark plug, the ground electrode is fixed to a mount fitting, while the ground electrode has a convex portion. The convex portion is made of a part of base materials of the ground electrode where the part is facing the center electrode, and is projected toward the center electrode. The convex portion has a fusion solidification part made of precious metal materials and a part of the base materials melted together and solidified at least on part of an electric discharge surface facing the center electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Yasushi Kawashima, Ken Hanashi
  • Patent number: 8742653
    Abstract: An adhesion of a nickel plating layer to a metal shell is improved, and an effect of improving a corrosion resistance by providing the nickel plating layer is sufficiently exerted. A spark plug 1 includes a cylindrical metal shell 3 that extends in an axial CL1 direction, and a nickel plating layer 31 that is made of metal containing nickel as a main component and covers an outer surface of the metal shell. In a monochrome image of 256 gradations where black is 0 and white is 255, which is obtained by observing a cross-section perpendicular to an outer surface of the nickel plating layer by a transmission electron microscope with an acceleration voltage of 200 kV, an average value in 256 gradations of the monochrome image is 170 or larger and 230 or smaller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Kodama, Hiroaki Nasu
  • Patent number: 8736154
    Abstract: Problem is to enhance the welding strength when a projecting shape section is resistance-welded to a around electrode. A ground electrode 30 includes a ground electrode base material 35 and a projecting shape section 36. The projecting shape section 36 is connected by resistance welding to an opposite surface 32 of the ground electrode 30 so as to be opposite and project towards the leading end of a center electrode 20. The ground electrode base material 35 and the projecting shape section 36 are formed from a material that is composed of the same metal (for example, nickel) as a main component and have a relation of formulas (1) and (2) described below. In formula (1), the specific resistance of the ground electrode base material 35 is R (??cm) and the specific resistance of the projecting shape section 36 is S (??cm). The specific resistance R>the specific resistance S . . . (formula 1), the specific resistance R?specific resistance S?20 . . . (formula 2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Suzuki, Mamoru Musasa
  • Patent number: 8704435
    Abstract: A spark plug has a cylindrical housing case, a cylindrical glass insulator, a center electrode, and an earth electrode fixed to the cylindrical housing case. The earth electrode has a projected part which is projected toward the center electrode. The projected part has a facing surface which faces the center electrode and is most close to the center electrode in a spark discharge gap. This gap is formed between the center electrode and the earth electrode. The facing surface is covered with a plating layer. A base material, with which the earth electrode is made, is exposed on a side surface of the projected part around the facing surface of the projected part. The base material of the earth electrode is made of Ni alloy containing not less than 90 wt % Ni, and preferably, Ni within a range of 90 wt % to 98 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Satoru Kadowaki, Toshikazu Shimizu
  • Patent number: 8674592
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a ceramic insulator having a tapered rear end stepped portion whose diameter decreases from front to rear and a metal shell having a crimp portion which crimps the rear end stepped portion from the rear end. An area defined by an outer edge of the rear end stepped portion and an inner edge of the crimp portion is 5-25 mm2 when the spark plug is projected on a plane perpendicular to an axial line. An angle formed by a tapered surface of the rear end stepped portion and a plane perpendicular to the axial line is 20-60 degrees. A distance along the axial line from a front end of a proximal portion of the crimp portion to a frontmost position of a contact portion between an inner surface of the crimp and the rear end stepped portion is 0.4-1.8 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mai Nakamura, Jiro Kyuno, Tomoaki Kato
  • Patent number: 8653726
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a ground electrode. The cross sectional area S of a ground electrode base member of the ground electrode satisfies a relation 1.8 mm2?S?3.2 mm2. The embedment depth A of a noble metal tip embedded in a second base member surface and the tip thickness B of the noble metal tip measured along the direction in which the noble metal tip is embedded in the second base member surface satisfy a relation 0.4?(A/B)?0.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshikazu Kataoka
  • Patent number: 8643263
    Abstract: A spark plug (20) includes an insulator seat angle (?i) of 35° to 50° and an increased insulator thickness (ti) in selected areas around the insulator seat (28). The insulator seat angle (?i) is greater than or equal to a boundary value provided by the equation: 90°?a cos [1?(R1?R2)÷(R4+R5)], and preferably not greater than 150% of the boundary value. The radii (R1, R2, R3, R4, R5) can be adjusted to maximize R4 while maintaining an acceptable R2. A gasket is compressed between the insulator (22) and shell (58), and the inner gasket thickness (tg2) is greater than or equal to 70% of the outer gasket thickness (tg1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Corporation
    Inventor: John Antony Burrows
  • Patent number: 8641468
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a spark plug includes a joining step of joining a first member and a second member which constitute the spark plug. In the joining step, a first welding electrode in contact with the first member and a second welding electrode which has an elastically deformable intermediate portion and which is in contact with the second member are electrically connected through the first member and the second member, whereby the first member and the second member are joined together by resistance welding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Tanaka, Kouji Okazaki
  • Patent number: 8633640
    Abstract: [Objective] To provide a spark plug which is configured such that an insulation member, from which a center electrode projects, is pressed frontward and held in a metallic shell, and is fixed by means of crimping the rear end of the metallic shell, and which can prevent a drop in gas tightness between the metallic shell and the insulation member due to a difference in thermal expansion therebetween. [Means for Solution] In a spark plug in which a mating shaft portion (10) of an insulation member (1) is loose-fitted into a mating hole portion (30) of a metallic shell (21), a filler (41) for maintaining gas tightness is charged between the outer circumferential surface of the mating shaft portion (10) and the inner circumferential surface of the mating hole portion (30). Despite the thermal expansion difference, the gas tightness is maintained, because the filler (41) for maintaining gas tightness is charged between the inner and outer circumferential surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jiro Kyuno, Akira Suzuki, Mamoru Musasa
  • Patent number: 8624475
    Abstract: Disclosed is a spark plug having an insulator with good breakage resistance. A spark plug 1 contains a ceramic insulator 2, a plate packing 22 and a metal shell 3. The ceramic insulator 2 has, on an outer circumferential surface thereof, a step portion 14, a leg portion 13 and a curved surface portion 31 between the step portion 14 and the leg portion 13. The metal shell 3 has, on an inner circumferential surface thereof, a taper portion 21. The ceramic insulator 2 is fixed in the metal shell 3 with the step portion 14 retained on the taper portion 21 via the plate packing 22. Herein, 50% or more of an inner circumferential edge portion IP of the plate packing 22 is in contact with a part of the ceramic insulator 2 located front of a middle region CP of the curved surface portion 31.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takuya Shimamura, Tomoaki Kato, Jiro Kyuno, Naomichi Miyashita
  • Patent number: 8618725
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a ceramic insulator, a center electrode, a metallic shell, and a ground electrode. The center electrode has a shoulder portion at a forward end portion, which tapers forward with respect to the axial direction. A noble metal tip is joined to the forward end portion of the center electrode through a fusion zone. A spark discharge gap is formed between the noble metal tip and the ground electrode. The shortest distance between the fusion zone and a forward end surface of the noble metal tip is 0.8-1.2 mm. The outside diameter of the fusion zone as measured at a forward end of the fusion zone is smaller than that as measured at a rear end of the fusion zone. An acute angle ?1 formed by a straight line L1 and a straight line L2 satisfies the relational expression ?1?72°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Daisuke Sumoyama, Tsutomu Shibata, Tomoo Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8569940
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a metallic shell, an insulator, a center electrode body, a ground electrode body, and a ground electrode tip. In one embodiment, the ground electrode tip includes a non-precious metal piece and a precious metal piece attached to each other. The non-precious metal piece has a side surface attached to a free end surface of the ground electrode body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Ignition Company
    Inventors: Richard L. Keller, Kevin J. Kowalski
  • Publication number: 20130278133
    Abstract: A spark plug includes: a rod-shaped center electrode extending in an axial direction; an insulator including a shaft hole that holds the center electrode inside of the shaft hole; a metal shell surrounding and holding a part of the insulator; and a ground electrode including a base end welded to the metal shell. The metal shell and the ground electrode are joined via a fusion portion formed by welding the ground electrode and the metal shell together. When the smallest thickness of the fusion portion in the axial direction is A, when, in a cross section that includes a center line of the ground electrode and is parallel to the axis, a length of a ground-electrode-side melted boundary formed between the fusion portion and the ground electrode is B, and when the ground electrode thickness is C, conditions of A?0.2 mm and B >C are satisfied.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventor: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
  • Patent number: 8558442
    Abstract: A plasma jet ignition plug exhibiting high plasma generation efficiency while restraining occurrence of preignition. P1 represents the position of a rear end of a region of a metallic shell ledge, the region being in contact with an insulator. P2 represents the position of a rear end of a region of the insulator ledge, the region being in contact with the center electrode. Front end surfaces of the metallic shell, the insulator, and center electrode, an imaginary plane S1 which is perpendicular to the axis and contains position P1, and an imaginary plane perpendicular to the axis and contains position P2 are disposed in this order from front side to rear side along the axis. The axial distance A from the front end surface of the insulator to imaginary plane S1 and axial distance B from the imaginary plane S1 to imaginary plane S2 satisfy 0.5×A?B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Kameda
  • Patent number: 8552629
    Abstract: A spark plug for an internal combustion engine is provided which is equipped with a tip protrusion disposed on a top of a hollow cylindrical housing of the spark plug. The spark plug also includes a center electrode retained in a porcelain insulator disposed inside the housing and a ground electrode is joined to the housing so as to form a spark gap. The tip protrusion serves to direct a flow of gas to be ignited by a spark produced in the spark gap and is shaped to have a radial width extending in a radial direction of the housing and a circumferential width extending in a circumferential direction of the cylindrical housing. The radial width is greater than the circumferential width. This enhances the efficiency in guiding the flow of gas toward the spark gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignees: Nippon Soken, Inc., Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Takayuki Inohara, Shinichi Okabe, Takanobu Aochi, Atsushi Iwami, Masamichi Shibata
  • Patent number: 8536769
    Abstract: The invention refers to a prechamber spark plug comprising an ignition electrode with several electrode arms. The ignition electrode is made of a cross-shaped blank that is cut out of sheet metal and then the electrode arms are set upright by bending. The sheet metal is made of iridium or an iridium-based alloy by rolling in a rolling direction and the ignition electrode blank is cut out in such a way that an angle of 50° or less is present between each of the electrode arms and the rolling direction (W).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: DKT Verwaltungs-GmbH
    Inventors: Dieter Kuhnert, Georg Maul, Uwe Sailer
  • Patent number: 8523624
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a tubular metal shell, an insulator, a cylindrical center electrode, and a ground electrode. The ground electrode has an inclined portion, a straight portion, and a bend between the inclined and straight portions. The inclined portion extends obliquely with respect to the axial direction of the center electrode from a base end of the ground electrode, which is joined to an end of the metal shell, to the bend that is positioned closer to the center electrode in the radial direction of the center electrode than the base end. The straight portion extends substantially parallel to the axial direction of the center electrode from the bend to a tip end of the ground electrode. The straight portion has an inner side surface facing the side surface of an end portion of the center electrode through a spark gap in the radial direction of the center electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Keiji Kanao, Ken Hanashi, Kenka Tsubota
  • Patent number: 8519607
    Abstract: A spark plug includes an electrode tip assembly located at an axially-facing free end surface of an electrode body. The electrode tip assembly includes an electrode tip body and a firing tip and has a longitudinal axis that is generally perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the electrode body. The electrode tip body may be a Ni-alloy piece and is attached to the electrode body, and the firing tip may be an Ir-alloy piece with a sparking surface that faces a spark gap. The electrode body may include a groove formed in the axially-facing free end surface that is useful to help position the electrode tip assembly for attachment. The spark gap can be formed between opposing electrode tip assemblies, and the size of the spark gap can be adjusted during assembly without the need for bending the electrode body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Ignition Company
    Inventors: Kevin J. Kowalski, Richard L. Keller, Frederick J. Quitmeyer, Richard Llope
  • Publication number: 20130187530
    Abstract: A method of producing an electrode support for a spark plug is provided. The method includes providing the electrode support. The method includes brazing a chip to the electrode support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventor: Peter John DESALVO
  • Patent number: 8487520
    Abstract: A spark plug (1) including a noble metal tip joined to a ground electrode and forming a spark discharge gap in cooperation with a center electrode. A surface of the noble metal tip which forms the gap has an area of 0.9 mm2 or greater. The noble metal tip (32) is joined to the ground electrode (27) via a fusion zone (35) formed by irradiating at least one surface among a distal end surface and side surfaces of the ground electrode with a laser beam or an electron beam. Further, as viewed on a projection plane orthogonal to a center axis of the noble metal tip and on which the noble metal tip and the fusion zone are projected along the center axis, an overlapping region between the noble metal tip (32) and the fusion zone accounts for 70% or more of a projected region of the noble metal tip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuaki Sakayanagi, Katsutoshi Nakayama
  • Publication number: 20130099655
    Abstract: A spark plug includes a ground electrode. The cross sectional area S of a ground electrode base member of the ground electrode satisfies a relation 1.8 mm2?S?3.2 mm2. The embedment depth A of a noble metal tip embedded in a second base member surface and the tip thickness B of the noble metal tip measured along the direction in which the noble metal tip is embedded in the second base member surface satisfy a relation 0.4?(A/B)?0.8.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Inventor: Yoshikazu Kataoka
  • Patent number: 8378560
    Abstract: An ignition part (80) of a ground electrode (30) includes a fused part (85) in which construction materials of a base portion (82) and a noble metal member (81) are fused and mixed by performing laser welding on the two. In the fused part (85), an average ratio P of components originated from the noble metal member (81) at points K1, L1, and M1 is equal to or greater than 80%, and an average ratio Q of components originated from the base portion at points K3, L3, and M3 is equal to or higher than 20%, and P+Q is equal to or higher than 160%. Accordingly, it is possible to obtain joining strength in the parts in the ignition part (80), thereby sufficiently preventing the generation of cracks, separation, and the like due to thermal stress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Suzuki, Naomichi Miyashita, Kazuyoshi Torii
  • Patent number: 8371889
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for manufacturing a spark plug. A bending apparatus includes a bending unit having a preliminary bending unit and a main bending unit, and a gap adjusting unit. The main bending unit including pressing unit for pressing a distal end of a ground electrode toward a center electrode, and a gap adjusting unit configured to adjust a relative height position of the distal end of the ground electrode relative to a distal end of the center electrode in an axis line direction. The gap adjusting unit includes a gap adjusting unit for relatively moving the distal end of the ground electrode relative to the center electrode in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axis line direction, and a restricting unit for restricting relative movement of the distal end of the ground electrode relative to the center electrode in the axis direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keisuke Kure, Masahiro Enuma
  • Publication number: 20130009539
    Abstract: A spark ignition device, ground electrode therefor, and methods of construction thereof are provided. The spark ignition device includes a generally annular ceramic insulator with a metal shell surrounding at least a portion of the ceramic insulator. A center electrode is received at least in part in the ceramic insulator and a ground electrode extends from the shell to a free end portion. A firing tip is attached adjacent the free end portion of the ground electrode to provide a spark gap between the center electrode and the firing tip. The free end portion is at least partially bounded by at least one “as laser cut” peripheral side extending adjacent the firing tip.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2012
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Inventors: Frederick J. Quitmeyer, Kevin J. Kowalski, Mark S. McMurray
  • Patent number: 8294343
    Abstract: A side electrode for a spark plug is provided. The side electrode includes a side wire having a first end and a second end; an opening proximate to the first end, the opening extending from a first surface of the side wire to a second surface of the side wire, wherein the first surface has a flared portion proximate to the opening; and an electrode tip secured to the first end of the side wire, the electrode tip having a tip portion and a shaft portion, wherein the tip portion is located on the second surface and the shaft portion is secured to the side wire by engaging the flared portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Fram Group IP LLC
    Inventors: Eric P. Passman, Jeffrey T. Boehler, Matthew B. Below
  • Patent number: RE43758
    Abstract: Spark plug has a central electrode, an insulator provided exterior to the central electrode, main metallic shell provided exterior to the insulator in such a way that the central electrode protrudes from one end, and a ground electrode coupled at one end to the main metallic shell and which has the other end disposed to face the central electrode 3, with a chip being secured to either the central electrode or the ground electrode or both to form spark discharge gap g. The chip is made of a metal based on Ir which contains Rh in an amount ranging from 3 to 50 wt (50 wt % being not inclusive).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Wataru Matsutani, Junichi Kagawa