Flashers Patents (Class 315/200A)
  • Patent number: 6160355
    Abstract: A lamp control circuit for use in a flashlight having a power supply and a light bulb. The lamp control circuit includes oscillator means selectively applying power to the light bulb for turning the bulb on and off at one of a plurality of a selectable frequencies, voltage indicator means coupled to the power supply for indicating to a user when the voltage level of the power supply falls below a pre-determined level and dimmer means coupled between the light bulb and the power supply for reducing the amount of electrical current supplied to the light bulb. The control circuit is mounted on a circuit board which is configured to indicate to the circuit the number and voltage of the batteries which are used to power the flashlight. An alternative embodiment may also include a light emitting diode for use when the battery voltage is insufficient to meet the threshold voltage of the bulb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Inventor: Vincent M. Yee
  • Patent number: 6157140
    Abstract: A plurality of energy emitters, such as flash tubes for visibile light or speakers for audio emissions, are placed in communication with an appropriate trigger circuit, one circuit for each of the energy emitters. Each trigger circuit is placed in communication with a timing circuit which communicates sequentially with each of the trigger circuits and is in communication with means to adjust an input energy level delivered to the timing circuit. When a trigger circuit is in communication with the timing circuit, energy is delivered to the trigger circuit to cause the transmission of input energy through the trigger circuit sufficient to cause the emission of energy by the energy emitter. A plurality of energy collectors appropriate to the nature of the emitted energy, are maintained in spatial arrangement to the energy emitter for the purpose of recovering spurious or nonfocused energy released by the emitter and from other sources of spurious energy within the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Inventor: Joseph Edward Rodrigue
  • Patent number: 6153981
    Abstract: A strobing control adapter (10) includes first electrical connectors (52, 54), for connecting the adapter (10) to a power supply (12), and second electrical connectors (56, 58), for connecting the adapter (10) to a light source (14). A strobing circuit (50) is electrically connected to the first and second electrical connectors (52, 54, 56, 58). The strobing circuit (62) includes a first circuit (62) and a second circuit (64). The first circuit (62) generates a strobe signal delivered to the light source (14) via the second electrical connectors (56, 58). The second circuit (64) generates a modulation signal introduced into the first circuit (62) for causing the light source (14) to strobe aperiodically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Edward J. Thomas, Daniel A. Haas
  • Patent number: 6153980
    Abstract: A device, e.g., a luminaire, that includes a plurality of LEDs connected in series, and an active shunt arrangement for sensing a failure of one or more of the LEDs and for shunting current that would have otherwise flowed through a failed LED, to thereby maintain a flow of current through remaining ones of the plurality of LEDs. In one exemplary embodiment, the active shunt arrangement includes a plurality of active shunts connected in parallel across respective ones of the LEDs, and remote sense and digital control logic for detecting an open-circuit condition of the normally closed circuit, and for sequentially activating the active shunts until the normally closed circuit has been restored to a closed-circuit condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Philips Electronics North America Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas M. Marshall, Michael D. Pashley, Stephen Herman, Gert W. Bruning
  • Patent number: 6140778
    Abstract: Disclosed is a lower pressure xenon lamp (12) and the driver circuitry therefor for producing relatively short bursts of intense light from the lamp (12). The lamp (12), including its associated driver circuitry (50) can be used in theatrical, stage, movie and/or video production to simulate, among other things, bursts of lighting. The lamp (12) is installed in a fixture together with a power supply (20) and a control system (50) is provided for controlling when the lamp (12) is turned on and off. Preferably, the control system (50) includes manually operated switches (53, 57, 54) and preferably one or more controllers (50) can be coupled together in a series fashion, should it be desired to control the lamp (12) for a greater number of time cycles then permitted by a single controller (50). Alternative power supplies (20) are disclosed. One power supply (20) permits the intensity of the flashes of light (12) to be controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Assignee: David A. Pringle
    Inventors: David A. Pringle, David McDonald, Zhong Fang Yan, George Johnson
  • Patent number: 6111364
    Abstract: A device and method that inhibits the ability of photographic equipment from obtaining a recognizable picture upon its recording media, of areas of a vehicle equipped with this invention. The leading edge or beginning of the photographic equipment's photoflash is detected by the photoflash detector cicuit group (50). A xenon reply flash (30) is immediately output towards the photographic equipment's general location, for the remainder of the photographs exposure time, rendering sections of the photograph unrecognizable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Inventors: Jerry L. Davis, Steven S. Davis
  • Patent number: 6104140
    Abstract: A light module for use with a plurality of light sources mounted to footwear, includes a power supply, an oscillator circuit, a power supply transmission circuit and a switch. The oscillation circuit supplies power to the light sources to sequentially cause illumination of the light sources. The switch has an open condition and a closed condition. A power transistor of the power supply transmission circuit has an input connected with the switch, and an output path connected between the power supply and the oscillation circuit for supplying power from the power supply to the oscillation circuit when the switch is closed and for terminating over time the supply of power from the power supply to the oscillation circuit when the switch is open. A bypass circuit includes diodes connected between the oscillation circuit and the switch to disable the oscillation circuit in order to continuously illuminate the light sources when the switch is closed. The bypass circuit is disabled when the switch is open.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: East Asia Services, Ltd.
    Inventors: Siu Bun Wut, Melvin C. Garner
  • Patent number: 6100649
    Abstract: The invention provides a circuit arrangement for igniting gas discharge flash tubes including a gas discharge flash tube having two-spaced-apart electrodes, a pulse forming network and a voltage generator for supplying ignition pulses and tube burning pulses during simmer mode, the arrangement having a resonant circuit connected in circuit between the electrodes and the voltage generator, wherein the voltage generator provides the resonant circuit with AC high frequency voltage for producing gradually increasing amplitudes of an AC voltage until ignition voltage is achieved and for supplying AC voltage of a lower level in comparison to the level of the ignition voltage, for sustaining the burning of the tube during the simmer mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2000
    Assignee: Elop Electro Optics Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Itamar Shoshan, Gad Rawnitzki, Alexander Zak, Shlomo Gilead
  • Patent number: 6087781
    Abstract: Control circuitry causes a fluorescent lamp to flash by cycling the primary of the lamp ballast reactor at a desired cycle rate. This results in the average lamp wattage output being generally about 40% to 60% Go its normal wattage rating. This results in a correspondence reduction in lumen output. In such flashing, the intensity or light output of each flash is approximately the same as its normal, continuous light output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: National Biological ETA Systems Corporation
    Inventor: Elton T. Leppelmeier
  • Patent number: 6078145
    Abstract: An apparatus for simply retrofitting pre-existing vehicular incandescent hazard flashing lamps or strobe assemblies having high voltage wiring with low voltage, low-cost, two wire synchronized strobe lamp assemblies without requiring the altering of the vehicle's existing structure or wiring. The apparatus utilizes a high voltage d.c. to d.c. converter circuit which may be completely contained within the lamp housing so that no high voltage wiring will be routed through the vehicle. The strobe trigger circuit operates by sensing the ground potential at its input to trigger the strobe assembly's flash tube. This feature allows the synchronization of all circuit lamps, both incandescent and strobe, on a two wire flasher circuit without the need for a third wire to provide the trigger signal to the flash circuit. One embodiment of the invention works autosynchronously in conjunction with a standard electromechanical flasher relay as may be utilized in a typical vehicular warning light system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: Weldon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Sean P. Tillinghast, Robert J. Knauff
  • Patent number: 6066925
    Abstract: The peak voltage of a periodic capacitive discharge, applied across first and second electrodes of the incandescent lamp, is about equal to the nominal DC voltage of the lamp multiplied by 3.2. The repetition rate of discharging, the extent of charging and discharging, and the value of the capacitance producing the periodic discharge result in the values of momentary peak and nominal temperature of the filament of the lamp being equal. Thereby, the value of peak luminous flux emission with respect to the nominal luminous flux emission of the lamp is several times greater. Where the discharge is periodic at a rate equal to about 14. HZ, then luminous flux emission by the lamp appears to the human eye to be continuously bright at an intensity equal to the peak value of luminous flux emission of the lamp, and the emission of the lamp is suitable for providing illumination. Emission of the lamp is suitable for providing emergency flashing where the discharge is periodic at a rate equal to about 1. HZ.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Inventor: Peter H. Lehmann
  • Patent number: 6049175
    Abstract: A light transmitting arrangement includes a light emitting device, for example a light emitting diode and an arrangement for peaking the current through the light emitting device upon switching on and/or off. The peaking arrangement includes a peaking network which is arranged in parallel with a light emitting device and which is a passive network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2000
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson
    Inventor: Gunnar Forsberg
  • Patent number: 6040660
    Abstract: A device for controlling the intensity of the light emitted by a lighting element of a lighting apparatus, in particular a flashlight, is embodied as a module which can be arranged in series with the lighting element for the supply of the latter with current. A circuit device for controlling the light-intensity of the lighting element, and a central control device for detecting a detection signal of the detection device as well as for triggering the circuit device are provided. It is made possible with the present invention to dim the intensity of the light emitted by it by variation, in particular in several stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Inventors: Rudolf Schmidt, Augustin Thalhofer
  • Patent number: 6028512
    Abstract: An electronic blinker circuit for a vehicle has an analog relay control section (24) and a digital circuit control section (25) arranged in a housing having only eight terminals. A holding circuit in the digital circuit section prevents an unintended oscillation when relay contacts are opened while a manual warn-blinker switch is still closed. When the engine ignition is switched off the blinker circuit requires a low quiescent current flow that is typically only 10 .mu.A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2000
    Assignee: Temic Semiconductor GmbH
    Inventors: Roland Schropp, Andreas Fritz
  • Patent number: 6012822
    Abstract: A light flasher for an article of apparel includes one or more lamps that produce light visible from the exterior of the apparel. A switch, which may be of the mechanical or electronic variety, causes a switch closure responsive to motion of the apparel. A circuit, attached to the switch and the light, causes the lights to illuminate in a series of random duration flashes for a predefined time interval in response to the closure of the switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2000
    Inventor: William J. Robinson
  • Patent number: 5982112
    Abstract: Disclosed is a low pressure xenon lamp (12) and the driver circuitry therefor for producing relatively short bursts of intense light from the lamp (12). The lamp (12), including its associated driver circuitry (50) can be used in theatrical, stage, movie and/or video production to simulate, among other things, bursts of lighting. The lamp (12) is installed in a fixture together with a power supply (20) and a control system (50) is provided for controlling when the lamp (12) is turned on and off. Preferably, the control system (50) includes manually operated switches (53, 57, 54) and preferably one or more controllers (50) can be coupled together in a series fashion, should it be desired to control the lamp (12) for a greater number of time cycles then permitted by a single controller (50). Alternative power supplies (20) are disclosed. One power supply (20) permits the intensity of the flashes of light (12) to be controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: David A. Pringle
    Inventors: David A. Pringle, David McDonald, Zhong Fang Yan, George Johnson
  • Patent number: 5982275
    Abstract: An audio/visual alarm system which includes multiple microprocessor-controlled alarm units connected in a common loop to a fire alarm control panel and an interface control circuit. The interface control circuit causes brief interruptions in power to the alarm units which synchronize operation of the alarm units and which can also be used as alarm control signals. The interface control circuit allows for control of both audio and visual alarms using only the single common loop connection between alarm units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Wheelock, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Kosich
  • Patent number: 5969479
    Abstract: A light-flashing system for flashing lights on and off and for generating a pattern of illumination for a plurality of lights in response to intermittent switch closures. The system includes a battery, a plurality of light-emitting elements, a plurality of transistors which enable the illumination of the light-emitting elements, a switch, a capacitor, and a pattern-generation circuit. The battery powers the light-emitting elements and the pattern-generation circuit. The switch intermittently clocks the pattern-generation circuit and enables the flow of current in certain of the transistors, allowing illumination of certain of the light-emitting elements in response to changes in inertial forces caused by movement of the flashing light system. The capacitor is connected in parallel to the battery such that the capacitor stores electrical charge when the switch is closed and continues to enable the flow of current through certain of the transistors after the switch is opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Cheerine Development (Hong Kong) Ltd.
    Inventor: Wai Kai Wong
  • Patent number: 5962984
    Abstract: To provide a high intensity lighting circuit of improved efficiency and reduced electromagnetic interference generation, a DC xenon lamp is driven by a three phase AC source through a three phase, full wave bridge rectifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Morris W. Mashburn, III
    Inventors: Morris W. Mashburn, III, William Peil
  • Patent number: 5949195
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to an apparatus for extending useful life of barricade warning light. The apparatus comprises a light source; a battery having an output voltage; and an oscillator circuit connected to the battery. The oscillator circuit drives the light source in either a first or alternate mode, wherein the first mode the light source flashes within a desired flasher frequency range and the alternate mode the light source is continually illuminated. The oscillator biased such that the oscillator circuit automatically switches from the first mode into the alternate mode at an optimal value for the battery output voltage. A method for extending useful life of barricade warning light is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: WLI Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert A. Baarlie
  • Patent number: 5942857
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved flashing light string which includes a connecting electrical wire provided with a plurality of bulb holders to connect with housings with bulbs therein and a bulb-shaped shell is provided with an inner small controller which has a pair of conducting wires to be a controlling apparatus, which can be connected with a housing to be received in any bulb holder of the light string to control the light string having different flashing effects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Inventor: Fu-Hsien Hsu
  • Patent number: 5936356
    Abstract: A fluorescent lamp flashing circuit is comprised of a fluorescent lamp to which an alternating supply voltage source is connected through a series connected loading reactance device which provides current limiting. The heaters of the fluorescent lamp are independently fed. A switching device disconnects and reconnects the alternating supply voltage at a predetermined frequency rate which is determined by a control circuit which controls a switching device. When the switching device is closed, the fluorescent lamp is bypassed through a full wave rectifier bridge and the reactance device is connected in parallel with the supply voltage source and with a bleeding resistance to load the bridge and to form a resonant circuit to maintain the loading reactance device constant and permitting an energy exchange between the supply voltage source and the loading reactance device in a resonant mode thereby maintaining a sine wave form and minimizing loss.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Interballast Inc.
    Inventor: Pierre Brault
  • Patent number: 5933076
    Abstract: A bicycle turn signal system is provided including at least one turn light assembly including a rod. A couple is mounted to a central extent of the rod for being removably connected to a bicycle. A pair of bulbs are situated at ends of the rod. A pair of turn light switch units are each mounted on handle bars of the bicycle. The turn light switch units include a momentary push button switch. The turn light switch units comprise a left turn light switch unit mounted on a left side the handle bars adjacent to a left grip. A right turn light switch unit is mounted on a right side of handle bars adjacent to a right grip. A control compartment includes a pair of flashers each connected in series with at least one associated bulb, one of the momentary switches and a power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1999
    Inventor: Montrose Babb
  • Patent number: 5929569
    Abstract: An integrated circuit for a flasher system which is inserted in a current path connected to direction indicator lamps of a vehicle for cyclically opening and closing the current path so as to flash the direction indicator lamps. The integrated circuit 21 includes a resistor 213B connected between a pin 21B of the integrated circuit and an input 213E of a comparator 213A, which is provided in a lamp burnout detecting section 213 of the integrated circuit 21. A noise filter is formed of the resistor 213B and the capacitor 213C connected to the input 213E of the comparator 213A. A resistor 212B is connected between a pin 21E of the integrated circuit and an input 212E of a comparator 212A in an oscillator section 212 of the integrated circuit 21. A noise filter is formed of the resistor 212B and a parasitic capacitor 212C connected to the input 212E of the comparator 212A. An input end and an output end of the comparator 212A are connected together through a hysteresis setting element 212F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Niles Parts Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Toshiaki Sueoka
  • Patent number: 5914573
    Abstract: An electrical go-go light belt includes a sawtooth or step-wave generator. The sawtooth or step-wave is transmitted to a lamp section via a drive line, the voltage of the rising sawtooth or step-wave being supplied to a voltage divider to trigger silicon controlled rectifiers and turn on any bulbs that are connected in series with the rectifiers one by one. The rearmost bulb in a preceding lamp section is turned on to trigger the sawtooth or step-wave generator of the relay circuit of the next lamp section so as to turn on the bulbs of that section, the last bulb of which triggers the sawtooth or step-wave relay of a further section, and so forth. A control system regulates the frequency of the sawtooth or step-waves emitted by the sawtooth or step wave generator of the current lamp section, and the relay circuits, in order to control the rate at which bulbs are turned on.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Inventor: Yuan Lin
  • Patent number: 5909088
    Abstract: A light module for use with a plurality of light sources mounted to footwear, includes a power supply for supplying power; an oscillation circuit for sequentially supplying power to the light sources to sequentially cause illumination of the light sources, the oscillation circuit including first and second transistors, each having an input connected to the switch circuit and an output path connected in series with a light source, first and second capacitive circuits connected between the inputs of the first and second transistors, respectively, and the output paths of the second and first transistors, respectively; and a switch circuit which supplies power to the oscillation circuit during movement of the light module and which prevents the supply of power to the oscillation circuit when the light module stops moving, the switch circuit including a third transistor having an input and an output path connected between the power supply and the oscillation circuit, a capacitive circuit connected between one term
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: East Asia Services Ltd.
    Inventor: Siu Bun Wut
  • Patent number: 5898277
    Abstract: An apparatus for controlling illumination of a fluorescent lamp is disclosed which includes two transformers for heating cathodes of the fluorescent lamp. Also included are two ballasts for ballasting the fluorescent lamp having an input adapted to receive a source of A-C power and an output coupled to the fluorescent lamp. The ballasts provide power to the fluorescent lamp in excess of a normal rated power of the fluorescent lamp. The apparatus further includes a flasher relay for repeatedly cycling power at a cycling rate between power on and power off to the fluorescent lamp coupled to the output of the ballasts and to the fluorescent lamp, thereby causing the fluorescent lamp to flash at a flashing rate with a flashing intensity of light output which is greater than the flashing intensity of output of the fluorescent lamp under normal continuous operation. A remote control sensor may be connected to the apparatus to switch the apparatus between the flashing cycle and normal continuous operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: National Biological ETA Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas L. Farnsworth, Elton T. Leppelmeier
  • Patent number: 5883471
    Abstract: A circuit and method for energizing a discharge device, such as a flashlamp. A discharge device is electrically coupled to a pair of capacitors which are both charged to a desired potential level. One of the capacitors discharges through the discharge device to initially energize the discharge device until its potential level falls below the potential level of the other capacitor whereupon the other capacitor commences to discharge through the discharge device to sustain the energization of the discharge device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Polycom, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Rodman, Stan Noel
  • Patent number: 5869934
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a barricade light control switch apparatus for operating a battery powered barricade light unit. The apparatus comprises a light unit housing, light source, battery, and circuit means for controlling operation of the light source, and a reed switch. A magnet retained by a magnet carrier is positionable in either of two positions and controls operation of the reed switch. When the magnet carrier is in a first position the magnet is positioned in proximity to and closes the reed switch. When the magnet carrier is in a second position the magnet is positioned away from and opens the reed switch. Retention means preclude unintended movement of the magnet carrier. A method for controlling a barricade light unit is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: WLI Industries Inc.
    Inventor: LeRoy L. Goff
  • Patent number: 5856727
    Abstract: A motion activated and light sensitive multi-purpose safety light, having a housing for supporting: a motion sensor; a light emitting diode which serves as both a light source and a light detector; an electronic circuit which further comprises; a motion sensor amplifier to condition the motion signal received from the motion sensor, a driver for illuminating the light emitting diode in a flashing manner, a timer enabling the operation of the driver and a photo-amplifier providing amplification of the input signal received from the light emitting diode. A user-selected control components for providing parameters relating to the conditioning and the flash rate. A printed circuit board providing an area to mount the electrical components and electric circuit and a system power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1999
    Assignee: ICC Corporation
    Inventors: Charles R. Schroeder, Scott Gelormino, Serafino Canino
  • Patent number: 5850126
    Abstract: A screw-in LED lamp which derives its power from a socket connected to an A-C power line, the lamp being screwed into the socket to produce a light of high intensity useful as a traffic signal or as a warning signal. The lamp includes a screw-in plug connected to a regulator in which the A-C is converted to a D-C voltage which is applied to a bank of LEDs through a power transistor. The power transistor is activated by a pulse generator yielding periodic pulses having a repetition rate of about 20 pulses per second whereby the LEDs in the bank are pulse-activated to produce light flashes which because of visual persistence are seen as a steady light. Each pulse activating the LEDs has a duration of a few microseconds and a voltage magnitude producing a high current flow in each LED whose amplitude is a multiple of the normal current rating of the LED.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Inventor: Maurice S. Kanbar
  • Patent number: 5821700
    Abstract: A visual warning system for a railway vehicle, particularly a locomotive, to illuminate the tracks or the right of way (sometimes called a ditch). The system has a first lamp and a second lamp. The first lamp is driven by a first lamp driver responsive to a first pulse width modulated signal, and the second lamp driver is driven by a second lamp driver responsive to a second pulse width modulated signal. A controller produces the first and second pulse width modulated signals in which the duty cycle of the first and second pulse width modulated signals is varied between high and low levels to alternatively turn the first and second lamps approximately fully on and approximately fully off. To turn each lamp approximately fully on, the controller increases, step-wise, the duty cycle of the lamp's respective pulse width modulated signal from the low level to the high level. The system may further include a switch for operating a horn on the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Star Headlight & Lantern Co.
    Inventor: John A. Malvaso
  • Patent number: 5821697
    Abstract: An about constant brightness level of light output is produced from portable battery operated incandescent light sources, such as flashlights, emergency lights and lanterns, throughout the full discharge and terminal voltage decay of the electrochemical charge life of a set of batteries. Instant levels of power flow between the battery and the light source's incandescent bulb are dynamically controlled. When the battery is fresh a reduced portion of the available battery power flows to the light bulb. As at least a portion of the battery wears-down, and charge decreases, the remaining portion of the battery power flow increases thereby keeping the light bulb's filament operating near optimal efficiency and with visually desirable "white-light" brightness. A further advantage is that fewer changes of dry-cell battery sets are needed in order to maintain the light source near peak performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Conceptra Patent Trust
    Inventor: Harold J. Weber
  • Patent number: 5808545
    Abstract: An electronic vehicular signalling system is disclosed. It has a novel turn signal switch having electromagnetic detents, novel electronic circuitry which provides all standard signalling functions and optionally features automatic cancellation of turn signal switch, an energy saving hazard warning mode, a police alert hazard warning mode, double-rate turn signal flashing on lamp burnout, Vehicular Lamp Status Display System, clicking sound in cadence with flashing or tone, and automatic turn signal timeout with choice of timeout intervals. Separate flasher units are not needed, nor a microprocessor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Inventors: Douglas C. Brueggemann, Norman R. Dittmar
  • Patent number: 5764140
    Abstract: An electronic flasher system that reduces the ON duty ratio of an intermittent signal inputted to a semiconductor switch device, thereby suppressing electric power imposed on the semiconductor switch device and, hence, heating thereof, in the event of abnormal heating caused in the semiconductor switch device. The flasher system includes a flasher circuit 21A, a semiconductor switch device 21B, and a device-temperature detecting section 21C arranged in one body to constitute a module unit 21. The device-temperature detecting section 21C is connected to the flasher circuit 21A. The flasher circuit 21A transmits an intermittent signal to the semiconductor switch device 21B so that a direction indicator lamp 1R, 1L connected to the semiconductor switch device 21B is caused to turn-signal flash. The device-temperature detecting section 21C detects a temperature of the semiconductor switch device 21B so that, when the temperature becomes high, the ON duty ratio of the intermittent signal is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Assignee: Niles Parts Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masato Izumi
  • Patent number: 5742133
    Abstract: A driver circuit for an LED includes a switch device being connected to the LED, being controlled by an input signal, and having a current source circuit. The switch device short-circuits the LED after a transition to a first switching state, and the switch device supplies the LED from the current source circuit after a transition to a second switching state, causing a higher current to flow initially and causing a lesser current to flow after a predetermined time period has elapsed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wilhelm Wilhelm, Johann Wuertele
  • Patent number: 5739643
    Abstract: An output from a D.C. power source is supplied to a flashlamp through a high speed switching circuit. A current detection circuit detects a current from the high speed switching circuit and a voltage detection circuit detects a voltage applied to the flashlamp. A multiplication circuit multiplies the detected current and voltage to compute a product value. The high speed switching circuit is controlled so that the product value becomes equal to a predetermined value or an amplitude level of a pulse shape control signal inputted from the outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1998
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Takeshi Usui
  • Patent number: 5654610
    Abstract: An electrodeless neon discharge light source having a red color light output is provided for use in automotive applications. The light source has a lamp envelope containing a fill of neon gas which, when excited to a discharge state by introduction of an operating signal over a tuned circuit consisting of a resonant capacitor and a ferrite coil, produces a red color light output. A flash control input to a ballast circuit arrangement provides the ability to control the light output using bursts of high frequency sinusoidal energy. The use of the burst signal approach allows for providing varying levels of light intensity output thereby signifying the distinction between braking conditions and an on condition of the tail light. Furthermore, by controlling the rate of flashing of the light source, an indication of a hard braking or emergency condition, could be conveyed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: William J. Cassarly, John M. Davenport, Thomas R. Stanton, Joseph M. Allison
  • Patent number: 5633565
    Abstract: An electrical flasher circuit has improved operating characteristics, in particular by providing continuous illumination for a long period of time from a fully charged solar battery. The circuit employs a solar battery recharging circuit component that achieves full charge in a short period of time. The flasher circuit may be used in roadside warning device having a sign member with a warning image. Placed around the warning image are a plurality of light emitters for providing a visual warning during evening and night hours. The light emitters are powered by a solar energy source connected to a flasher circuit including an oscillator for causing the light emitters to be energized in a particular sequence. When the device is exposed to sunlight, the battery is disconnected to avoid unnecessary draining of the battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1997
    Assignee: Interplex Solar, Inc.
    Inventors: Roni Friedman, Chaim Chacham, William F. Richardson, Jr., Brian N. Raymond
  • Patent number: 5608290
    Abstract: A flashing lantern (11) capable of emitting light through a 360-degree arc using LEDs as a light source is disclosed. The lantern comprises an array of LEDs (15) positioned in a substantially horizontal plane. An inverted conical reflector (19) is positioned above the array of LEDs (15) such that the apex of the reflector is pointed toward the array of LEDs (15). A fresnel-type lens (17) is positioned around the array of LEDs (15) and the conical reflector (19).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1997
    Assignee: Dominion Automotive Group, Inc.
    Inventors: James T. Hutchisson, David K. Straub
  • Patent number: 5604406
    Abstract: A lamp assembly for use with a rapid start metal halide bulb, and including a lamp head housing and a power supply source. The lamp head housing includes a circuit board with power supply contact surfaces, a high voltage resistant socket, a reflector, and an on-off switch. The circuit board provides an ignition voltage, an ignition voltage spike, and a supply voltage to the rapid start metal halide bulb. The power supply contact surfaces connect power to the circuit board. The high voltage resistant socket holds the rapid start metal halide bulb and is electrically coupled with the circuit board. The reflector is arranged relative to the high voltage resistant socket, and reflects light emitted from the rapid start metal halide bulb. The on-off switch is electrically coupled with the circuit board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: Intermacon AG
    Inventor: Harry Gaus
  • Patent number: 5602522
    Abstract: A visual signaling system is provided incorporating strobe light means which emits flashes of light at a constant rate, as distinguished from a random rate, despite variations in input voltage applied to the system. The system enables predetermined signals to be perceived by persons in high decibel areas or by heating impaired persons, and multiple signaling units may be incorporated in a multistation system whereby the strobe lights in each of the signaling units all flash simultaneously at a synchronized rate, as distinguished from independently or at random rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1997
    Assignee: Gentex Corporation
    Inventor: John R. Pacelli
  • Patent number: 5600209
    Abstract: Apparatus for simulating a candle flame in which the current through the filament of a bulb is varied from a first value to a second value and back to the first value during spaced periods that vary from a period of maximum duration to a period of minimum duration that produces no observable flicker in an apparently random manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Inventor: Raymond F. St. Louis
  • Patent number: 5592257
    Abstract: An electronic flash device having a slave emission function and a standby mode, includes a setting member for setting the slave emission function, activation means activated in response to an input generated upon the function setting operation of the setting member, and power supply control means for controlling a power supply of the electronic flash device to be turned on based on the activation of the activation means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Assignee: Nikon Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Sakamoto, Hideki Matsui, Nobuyoshi Hagiuda
  • Patent number: 5587629
    Abstract: A transformerless high-voltage generator circuit includes an amplifier and a feedback circuit connected together to form an oscillator. Due to the configuration of the feedback circuit, a high-voltage output is obtained at an intermediate point within the feedback circuit without the use of a transformer. The resulting circuit may be used in various applications, such as an electronic photoflash unit, in order to reduce the size, weight and cost of the finished product by eliminating the need for a transformer to obtain the desired high voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: Philips Electronics North America Corporation
    Inventor: Viktor L. Gornstein
  • Patent number: 5585698
    Abstract: Current supply means for a laser flash lamp contain a fast switch and control means which modulate the amplitude of each individual pulse with a presettable modulating frequency and depth of modulation. This permits higher peak envelope powers to be obtained at an unchanged mean power of the individual pulses so that the necessary threshold values can be better exceeded during materials processing. The amplitude modulation of the individual pulses also prevents undesirable shielding plasma from forming above the processing place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Assignee: Carl Baasel Lasertechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Lutz Langhans, Wolfgang Seifert, Olaf Mann
  • Patent number: 5584571
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for simulating lighting effects such as an illumination effect necessary to simulate a real life effect for an ornamental display. More specifically, the present invention relates to a light effect which undergoes a number of readily discernable illumination intensities so as to create an illusion of a rotating light beacon which may be used in connection with a lighthouse, control tower, search light or the like. The present invention is quite durable and reliable and economically manufactured and may be positioned readily within a model display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Inventors: Vinal D. Chandler, Thomas L. Edmonds
  • Patent number: 5519287
    Abstract: A two terminal pulse width modulated incandescent lamp dimmer using low frequency pulse repetition rate provides increased illuminating efficiency by compensating both for light producing inefficiency of a tungsten filament at dimmed level settings, and for internal resistance of a direct current power source. A preferred embodiment of the dimmer is designed for 3.5 to 9.0 volt operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Inventors: Garold J. Goodale, Jr., Herbert W. Behlow, Jr., David E. Wilson
  • Patent number: 5498929
    Abstract: An implement lighting system providing enhanced turn signal warning with standard or enhanced tractor turn and warning lighting systems. The implement lighting system includes left and right brake lamps for connecting electrically to the ungrounded sides of the corresponding towing vehicle turn signal lamps. The implement lighting system also includes a control circuit which includes a plurality of diodes and a relay. If necessary for timing purposes, the control circuit may include a resistor and a capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1996
    Assignee: Deere & Company
    Inventor: Charles W. Formwalt, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5497051
    Abstract: Current supply means for a laser flash lamp contain a fast switch and control means which modulate the amplitude of each individual pulse with a presettable modulating frequency and depth of modulation. This permits higher peak envelope powers to be obtained at an unchanged mean power of the individual pulses so that the necessary threshold values can be better exceeded during materials processing. The amplitude modulation of the individual pulses also prevents undesirable shielding plasma from forming above the processing place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: Carl Baasel Lasertechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Lutz Langhans, Wolfgang Seifert, Olaf Mann