Comprising Energy Storage Means (e.g., Wound Spring) Patents (Class 335/76)
  • Patent number: 9136076
    Abstract: There is provided a mechanically operated cell (MOC) switch of a vacuum circuit breaker, which is uniformly operated regardless of an insertion stroke of a push rod that operates a MOC switch of a vacuum circuit breaker. The MOC switch outputting an ON/OFF state of a vacuum circuit breaker when the vacuum circuit breaker operates includes: a main bracket; a rotational shaft installed in the main bracket; a connection lever rotatably coupled to the rotational shaft and having one end connected to an auxiliary switch; a roller coupled to the other end of the connection lever; and a horizontal moving unit installed in a portion of the to main bracket and making a horizontal movement to rotate the roller and allowing the other end of the connection lever to make an ascending and descending movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: LSIS Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae Yong Lee, Keun Eui Kim
  • Publication number: 20120182098
    Abstract: An electrical switching device includes first and second circuit assemblies. Each of the first and second circuit assemblies includes a base terminal and a moveable terminal movable between an open state and a closed state. The movable terminal is electrically connected to the base terminal in the closed state. An actuator assembly is electromechanically controlled by a motor. The actuator assembly includes a pivot member rotated by the motor that has a post extending outward from a pivot body. An actuator is moved by the pivot member and is movable between a first position and a second position. The actuator is operatively coupled to the moveable terminals of the first and second circuit assemblies. The actuator moves the movable terminals to the closed state as the actuator is moved from the first position to the second position. The actuator has a pocket with a compression spring received in the pocket. The compression spring extends between a first end and a second end. The first end engages the actuator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Applicant: TYCO ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: KURT THOMAS ZARBOCK, MATTHEW LEN MOELLER, GARLAND H. LADD, JR.
  • Patent number: 7432787
    Abstract: A control system and method for a motorized high voltage loadbreak switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: Cooper Technologies Company
    Inventors: Frank John Muench, Patrick Harold Pride, John Fredrick Banting
  • Patent number: 6989501
    Abstract: A multipole current limiting circuit breaker comprising an insulating enclosure that contains: a) for each pole, at least one fixed contact and at least one movable contact, which can be mutually coupled/uncoupled upon closure/opening of the circuit breaker; b) actuation means which provide the energy for moving said movable contacts and determines their coupling/uncoupling with the corresponding fixed contacts, said actuation means comprising a rotating actuation bar that is operatively coupled to the movable contacts of the poles; characterized in that said movable contacts have a fork-shaped body having a base element that supports two arms provided with plates for electrical contact with corresponding coupling surfaces of the fixed contact, and in that said fork-like body is connected to the actuation bar by virtue of elastic means accommodated at least partially in a seat formed in the bar, said elastic means being anchored to said bar and being fixed to said base element so as to support the movable con
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2006
    Assignee: ABB Services S.R.L.
    Inventor: Osvaldo Carrara
  • Patent number: 6603087
    Abstract: A switch-disconnector control unit comprising an electromagnet as an actuator including a moving control arm, and a spring actuator including a control shaft. The control arm is controlled by an armature of the actuator and connected to the control shaft. Said control shaft is arranged to control the contacts of the switch-disconnector using the spring actuator. The control arm comprises a connection element, which is jointedly connected through a control element to the control shaft and the actuator. An articulated joint at the end of said connection element is formed of an oval opening and a pin. Said opening is shaped as an ellipse in the longitudinal direction of the connection element, and is dimensioned to form a clearance in the joint between the connection element and the control arm of the actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: ABB Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Nils Österholm, Per-Erik Östersund
  • Patent number: 6373010
    Abstract: An energy storage mechanism for a circuit breaker motor operator is disclosed. The energy storage mechanism has a first elastic member; a first fixture having a plurality of slots therein, the first fixture positioned in the first elastic member; a second fixture having a plurality of members defining an aperture; a second elastic member engaged to the second fixture and positioned within the aperture; wherein the second fixture is engaged to the first fixture. A motor operator for a molded case circuit breaker is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Janakiraman Narayanan, Mahesh Rane, Biranchi Narayan Sahu, Anilkumar D. Pandit, Kadaba V. Sridhar
  • Patent number: 5929405
    Abstract: Electrical switching apparatus such as a power circuit breaker, network protector or switch has a self-supporting operating mechanism module including a cage formed by a pair of side plates rigidly clamped in spaced relation by spacers. The cage supports all of the operating mechanism components including a helical compression close spring mounted fully between the side plates and coupled to a cam member through a rocker in a manner which maintains the forces longitudinal to the spring. The cam member has a charging cam with a charge profile for compressing the close spring and a close profile through which the spring drives the cam member to effect a controlled release of stored energy to close the contacts of the apparatus. A close prop, spring biased to an unlatched position, is latched to secure the close spring in the charged state by a latch assembly reset by a reset lever separate from the close prop which in turn is reset by rotation of the cam member during charging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Henry Anthony Wehrli, III, Raymond Clyde Doran, Phillip Lloyd Ulerich
  • Patent number: 5276420
    Abstract: An electromagnetic actuator comprises a coil associated with a magnetic circuit having a first series of polar parts to drive a rotor, and a second series of polar parts cooperating with a pivoting blade. A return spring causes movement of the blade to a separated position. A latch is rendered active to lock the blade in the separated position during rotation of the rotor, and inactive to unlock the blade enabling its electromagnetic attraction against the polar face, and stopping of the rotor. The actuator has an operating mode either as motor or as electromagnet depending on the position of the blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Assignee: Merlin Gerin
    Inventors: Daniel Dufrene, Alain Frolla, Olivier Dardare
  • Patent number: 5151567
    Abstract: Circuit breaker control apparatus uses a DC motor and has only one spring for disengagement purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1992
    Assignee: GEC Alsthom SA
    Inventor: Edmond Thuries
  • Patent number: 5049844
    Abstract: A relay comprising an electromagnetic coil wound on an insulating bobbin, the central cavity of which encloses a central spring-biased contact actuated by a magnetic armature in response to energization of the coil, to make or break contact with one or more fixed contacts also enclosed. A U-shaped member and a heel plate, both of highly magnetically permeable material, surround the coil and complete the magnetic circuit for flux generated by the coil. The magnetic armature is constructed and arranged such that it is accessible from the exterior of the enclosed relay to adjust the position of the spring-biased contact of the relay after it is assembled to conform with the desired level of voltage required to actuate the relay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1991
    Assignee: Beta Mfg. Co.
    Inventor: Farid Mustafa
  • Patent number: 4975673
    Abstract: An apparatus for electrically operating a circuit breaker comprising a trip display mechanism for displaying trip condition of the circuit breaker while the circuit breaker is in trip state thereof. The trip display mechanism comprises an elongate trip detecting plate which is supported pivotally at intermediate point thereof on a slider and engages at its one tip end with the handle of the circuit breaker which causes the trip detecting plate to pivot during the trip condition; and an elongate trip display plate having an indicia indicative of the trip condition of the circuit breaker at one end thereof, the display plate being swingably supported at intermediate point thereof on a frame and engaging with the other end of the trip detecting plate, the trip display plate being caused by the trip detecting plate to swing to a position where the indicia appears on a display window during the trip condition of the circuit breaker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1990
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yoji Ikehata, Tadayoshi Onoda, Kenichi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 4821008
    Abstract: A latching mechanism comprises an energy storage system having a first closing spring, and a second opening and earthing spring, arranged between a transmission device and a closing control crankshaft and an earthing crank. A retaining plate pivoting on an axis cooperates on the one hand with an opening control lock by means of a unidirectional locking and on the other hand with the crankshaft by means of two latchings. The first latching is released during the opening travel after the lock has been unlocked, and the second latching causes positive locking of the device at the beginning of the closing travel of the crankshaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Inventors: Robert Micoud, Michel Berne
  • Patent number: 4742200
    Abstract: For cocking an energy accumulator, an actuating device comprises a ratchet wheel with teeth as well as a reciprocating transport ratchet. For maintaining the cocked position of the energy accumulator, a cam wheel and blocking lever which can be braced against a blocking member via a ratchet lever are provided. Due to a wedge-like cooperation between a working surface of the cam wheel and a projection of the blocking lever, the blocking lever is transferred from its rest position into a blocked position if the deadcenter position of the cam wheel is exceeded. In the process, the transport ratchet is lifted from the teeth of the ratchet wheel by means of a striking surface of the blocking lever.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1988
    Assignee: Siemens Aktienfesellschaft
    Inventors: Ulrich Marquardt, Ralf Seebold
  • Patent number: 4713637
    Abstract: A circuit breaker characterized by a ratchet mechanism for manual or electrical charging system and comprising a pair of separable contacts coupled with a rechargeable spring to close the contacts. The spring is indirectly connected to a drive shaft on which a ratchet wheel is fixedly mounted for rotation of the shaft in one direction. A drive wheel is rotatably mounted on the shaft for rotating the ratchet wheel and a brake wheel is mounted on the shaft for preventing rotation of the shaft in the other direction. Rotating means are provided for rotating the drive shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Alfred E. Maier, David A. Leone, Louis N. Ricci
  • Patent number: 4713505
    Abstract: A compact load break switch having at least one vacuum interrupter connected between two terminals carried by respective insulating bushings through a current exchange assembly. The vacuum interrupter is disposed within one of the insulating bushings, and a current exchange insulating housing having portions which extend telescopically into both insulating bushings, provides adequate creepage distance through air from the vacuum interrupter and the current exchange assembly to a grounded housing for the load break switch. Also, a current transformer is disposed about the insulating housing to provide remote indication of the flow of fault current through the current exchange assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1987
    Assignee: Cooper Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: K. Henry Date, Ronald Wainio
  • Patent number: 4683357
    Abstract: A stored-energy switch operating mechanism is provided that includes a charging arrangement that reduces the peak forces required during the charging of the operating mechanism to store operating energy. The charging arrangement is responsive to a unidirectional input to accomplish the charging of the operating mechanism. In an illustrative arrangement, the operating mechanism includes a closing spring and an opening spring. During charging, the springs are sequentially charged prior to any switch-closing or switch-opening operation. The operating mechanism does not require the detachment of any components during either charging or switch operation. The charging arrangement, in an illustrative embodiment, is responsive to a unidirectional rotary input to a charging crank to sequentially drive a charging element in a first direction and then in a second, opposite direction. In the first direction, a first of the springs is charged and latched. In the second direction, the second spring is charged and latched.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1987
    Assignee: S&C Electric Company
    Inventor: John C. Opfer
  • Patent number: 4468977
    Abstract: Disclosed is a power drive for electric switchgear in which the driving force is elastically transmitted to an actuating member, for example, a handle. Thereby, tolerance compensation is provided to allow the drive motor to run into the end positions of the drive. A bending-type spring is disclosed as an elastic power transmitting member which is arranged transversely to the direction of motion of a slide which transmits the driving force to the switchgear. The bending-type spring can be connected to the slide. The bending-type spring can be a leaf spring, and more particularly two parallel leaf springs. In the disclosed embodiments, the two parallel leaf springs are provided as a single U-shaped leaf spring having parallel legs. The U-shaped leaf spring can either be supported at both ends thereof in the slide or the legs can be fastened in a mounting body connected to the slide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1984
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gerd Kummerow, Werner Troebel, Bernhard Preuss, Reinhard Zeuke
  • Patent number: 4444067
    Abstract: Disclosed is a power drive for electric switchgear, for example, protective low-voltage breakers. The power drive comprises a support plate and a drive slide which is guided between the support plate and the top or front side of the switchgear. The drive slide includes side walls into which a projection located on the top side of the switchgear extends for guiding the drive slide on the switchgear. The drive slide cooperates with the switchgear actuating handle through an opening having curved surfaces. The power drive includes a U-shaped leaf-spring which extends transversely to the direction of motion of the drive slide and which provides for elastic transmission of force from a crank coupled to a gear box to the actuating handle of the switchgear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 24, 1984
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bernhard Preuss, Reinhard Zeuke
  • Patent number: 4409449
    Abstract: An operating mechanism for use in a circuit breaker having a stationary contact and a moving contact which is turned on (closed) or off (tripped open) by using the accumulated energy of a stretched spring, the operating mechanism having a frame, a main shaft having a closing cam and an additional cam, a four-joint crank for actuating the moving contact in accordance with the movement of the main cam, a roller clutch mounted around the shaft, a bearing fitting member having an opening mounted around the roller clutch, a gear member having a stud adapted to fit within the opening of the fitting member, and an electric motor and a manually operable handle to drive the spring to accumulate energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1983
    Assignee: Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Ikuo Takano, Hiroshi Umino, Junji Fujiwara
  • Patent number: 4351994
    Abstract: Disclosed in a high voltage switch operating mechanism which utilizes energy stored in a spiral spring to drive the high voltage switches from either the open to the closed or the closed to the open position. The spring can be charged either by a manual tool or by an electric motor. The switch can be tripped by either electric or manual trip mechanisms. Manual and electric trip interlock assemblies are provided to prevent the switch operating mechanism from being tripped either manually or electrically while the spring is being charged. A mechanism is provided to prevent the charging of the spring by the electric motor when the manual tool is used to charge the spring. Another mechanism is provided to decouple the operating mechanism from the switch. To allow testing of the operating mechanism without change of the switch state. The decoupling mechanism locks the switch to its present position before the decoupling is complete allowing the energy in the operating spring to be dissipated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1982
    Assignee: S&C Electric Company
    Inventors: David M. Evans, Roy T. Swanson
  • Patent number: 4343030
    Abstract: A compact load break switch having at least one vacuum interrupter connected between two terminals carried by respective insulating bushings through a current exchange assembly. The vacuum interrupter is disposed within one of the insulating bushings, and a current exchange insulating housing having portions which extend telescopically into both insulating bushings, provides adequate creepage distance through air from the vacuum interrupter and the current exchange assembly to a grounded housing for the load break switch. Also, a current transformer is disposed about the insulating housing to provide remote indication of the flow of fault current through the current exchange assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1982
    Assignee: McGraw-Edison Company
    Inventors: K. Henry Date, Ronald Wainio
  • Patent number: 4293834
    Abstract: A compact load break switch having at least one vacuum interrupter connected between two terminals carried by respective insulating bushings through a current exchange assembly. The vacuum interrupter is disposed within one of the insulating bushings, and a current exchange insulating housing having portions which extend telescopically into both insulating bushings, provides adequate creepage distance through air from the vacuum interrupter and the current exchange assembly to a grounded housing for the load break switch. Also, a current transformer is disposed about the insulating housing to provide remote indication of the flow of fault current through the current exchange assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1981
    Assignee: McGraw-Edison Company
    Inventors: K. Henry Date, Ronald Wainio
  • Patent number: 4253003
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved high voltage switch operating mechanism which utilizes energy stored in a spiral spring to drive high voltage switches from either the open to the closed position or the closed to the open position. A spiral spring interconnects a rotatably mounted drive lever, which can be rotated to charge the sprial spring, and an output lever, which drives the switch either open or closed when the switch operating mechanism is tripped. A gearbox assembly reduces the torque required to charge the spiral spring when supplied either manually with a crank or electrically through a motor. The output lever is held in the switch-closed or the switch-opened position by improved first or second output lever latch assemblies, respectively, while the drive lever is rotated to charge the spring. Once the spiral spring is charged, first and second main latches engage the drive lever holding it in a spring charged position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Assignee: S & C Electric Company
    Inventors: David M. Evans, Edward J. Rogers
  • Patent number: 4237357
    Abstract: An improved operator for a high-voltage switch. Prior art operators have a drive member connected to the switch for operation thereof. Immediately after the switch is opened, the drive member is held by a first latch and a spring is automatically charged to bias the drive member to close the switch. When the first latch selectively releases the drive member, it moves to close the switch. Immediately thereafter, the drive member is again held by a second latch and the spring is automatically charged to bias the drive member to open the switch. When the second latch releases the drive member, it now moves to open the switch. In prior art operators the latches sometimes fail to immediately hold the drive member rendering ineffective attempts to recharge the spring. A control system is provided which permits charging of the spring only if the respective latches hold the drive member following a switch operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1980
    Assignee: S & C Electric Company
    Inventor: John C. Opfer
  • Patent number: 4204103
    Abstract: A driving apparatus is disclosed for electric power circuit breakers having power accumulator springs which engage a shaft by means of a crank arm. The power accumulator springs are arranged in two groups, each of which consists of several parallel-connected coil springs. These two groups engage opposed crank arms carried on the shaft, shifted by 180.degree.. The driving device allows storage of a relatively large amount of energy in little space and is distinguished by a shock- and vibration-free motion cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1980
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Siegfried Jahrig, Reinhard Liebig
  • Patent number: 4020432
    Abstract: A motor assembly for the switch operator mechanism of a high-current low-voltage bolted-pressure load-break switch; the switch operator mechanism includes spring drive means for rapidly driving the movable contact of the switch to its closed and opened positions, a main drive shaft, a drive linkage between the main drive shaft and the spring drive means, and trip means for actuating the spring drive means to open the switch. The motor assembly includes an electric motor, an operating shaft and a first transmission means including a mutilated ratchet element drivingly connecting the motor to the operating shaft. A second transmission means couples the operating shaft to the main drive shaft of the switch-operating mechanism for closing the switch. An electrical circuit is provided for automatically de-energizing the motor during switch closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1977
    Assignee: Boltswitch, Inc.
    Inventors: John W. Erickson, James A. Erickson
  • Patent number: 3980977
    Abstract: A spiral spring interconnects a pivotably mounted drive lever that may be pivoted either by hand or by a motor, and a pivotably mounted toggle lever that is operably connected to a switch. The toggle lever is held in the switch-closed or the switch-opened positions by main latches which hold the toggle lever in position while the drive lever is pivoted to bias the spring. Once the spring is biased, stop latches engage the drive lever holding it in a spring biased position. The main latches may then be either manually operated or operated by solenoids connected to control circuitry to release the toggle lever so that the spring will react against the toggle lever to either open or close the switch depending on the position of the switch at the initiation of operation. Once the switch has either opened or closed, the spring may be either recharged automatically by the motor, or if manual operation is desired, the motor can be disabled so that the spring can be biased by manual rotation of the drive lever.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1976
    Assignee: S & C Electric Company
    Inventor: David M. Evans
  • Patent number: 3944772
    Abstract: A circuit breaker characterized by spring means for closing contacts, means for charging the spring means and including a crankshaft structure, a ratchet wheel rotatably mounted on the shaft, driving pawl means operable to advance the ratchet wheel for charging the spring means, an oscillating drive pawl structure in driving engagement with said ratchet wheel, means operable to oscillate said drive pawl structure and comprising a bight portion movable across the axis of the output shaft of a charging motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1976
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation
    Inventor: Norman Davies