Regeneration Of Absorption/adsorption Material Patents (Class 34/473)
  • Patent number: 10295255
    Abstract: An adsorption process for xenon recovery from a cryogenic liquid or gas stream is described wherein a bed of adsorbent is contacted with the aforementioned xenon containing liquid or gas stream and adsorbs the xenon selectively from this fluid stream. The adsorption bed is operated to at least near full breakthrough with xenon to enable a deep rejection of other stream components, prior to regeneration using the temperature swing method. Operating the adsorption bed to near full breakthrough with xenon, prior to regeneration, enables production of a high purity product from the adsorption bed and further enables oxygen to be used safely as a purge gas, even in cases where hydrocarbons are co-present in the feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Philip A. Barrett, Neil A. Stephenson, Nicholas R. Stuckert, Michael Freiert, Hai Du, Rachael A. Masin, Garrett R. Swindlehurst
  • Patent number: 9612051
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system for effectively purging heat regenerating desiccant compressed air dryers from a moisture load, by a ‘tuned’ regenerating means with the use of a variable restriction on the blower purge air flows, a blower back-pressure set point, a heater discharge temperature set point, and a bottom area bed temperature of a vessel containing desiccant, a means to balance purge temperature to a stable, noncycling state preventing an under and overheating heating of desiccant, vessel and associated piping. A valve control means to terminate heating, cooling and dry purge operations selectively operated to allow purge flows to quickly cause water vapor captivated by the desiccant (in a drying cycle) to be released and purged out of the vessel (in a regeneration cycle), resulting in a regenerated tower vessel prepared for a compressed air drying cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Inventor: Vincent G. LoTempio
  • Patent number: 8828127
    Abstract: A regeneration controller for an air dryer on a vehicle includes a location identifier that determines a current location, a regeneration profile identifier that selects a regeneration profile based on the current location, and a regeneration initiator that initiates regenerations of the air dryer based on the regeneration profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC
    Inventor: Nicholas A. Asmis
  • Patent number: 8721769
    Abstract: Device for compressing and drying gas includes a compressor and a dryer using a drying agent for drying gas connected thereto. The compressor includes two or more compressor elements with an inlet and an outlet which are connected together in series to form a first low-pressure stage. One or more subsequent high-pressure stages are each connected with their inlet to the outlet of a previous compressor element via a pressure pipe and an outlet pipe in which an after cooler is incorporated. The dryer has a drying section and a regeneration section. The drying section is filled with a drying agent for drying the gas and has an inlet connected to the outlet pipe of the compressor device, and an outlet that supplies compressed and dried gas. The regeneration section dries moist drying agent by a regeneration gas which is guided there via an inlet and an outlet with a regeneration pipe connected to the inlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Airpower, N.V.
    Inventor: Constantijn Friso Vermeer
  • Patent number: 8668765
    Abstract: A drying system includes a desiccant wheel that dries incoming air. The dried air is heated using a heating element to promote drying of an article within the drying system. A portion of the heated air is diverted to a secondary air path that leads away from the drum holding the article. The diverted portion is used to regenerate an area of the desiccant wheel. A secondary heating element is used to promote regeneration and located in the secondary air path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Protege Enterprises
    Inventors: Charles Robert Dewald, III, Thomas L. Cristello
  • Patent number: 8601718
    Abstract: A method which allows items, contained in a processing chamber, to be effectively and efficiently dried from an economical point of view and the energy consumption to be thus maintained as low as possible, despite a very high drying power. The method includes subjecting a medium in a container to at least one of an evaporation step and a sublimation step, whereby the medium is cooled, and absorbing via a reversibly dehydratable material in a sorber vapor produced by the medium in the container, whereby the reversibly dehydratable material is thereby heated. Air supplied from a processing chamber to the cooled medium is cooled and dehumidified. This air is then heated via contact with the reversibly dehydratable material and fed back into the processing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbH
    Inventors: Egbert Classen, Bernd Müller
  • Patent number: 8580013
    Abstract: An air dryer cartridge is provided for a compressed air supply system, in particular a compressed air supply system of a commercial vehicle, with a drying agent box which is filled with a drying agent. The drying agent box can be coupled in an axial direction to a connecting flange of the compressed air supply system. A seal, which is designed as a non-return valve and, in the fitted state of the air dryer cartridge, acts in a sealing manner between the drying agent box and the connecting flange, is arranged on the drying agent box. A method for operating the air dryer cartridge on the compressed air supply system is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: KNORR-BREMSE Systeme fuer Nutzfahrzeuge GmbH
    Inventor: Eduard Hilberer
  • Patent number: 8412383
    Abstract: Granular material is dehumidified by: a) providing a number of dry air generators inside hoppers containing granular material; b) for each dry air generator, evaluating the dry air flow generable and/or higher energy efficiency functioning time; c) calculating the dry air flow rate for each single hopper depending on the characteristics of the granular material; and d) activating a number of generators sufficient to deliver a total dry air flow rate equal to the sum of the flow rates required by the hoppers. The number of the generators and the generators to be activated are chosen depending on the flow rate deliverable by each and/or by their respective ranges of functioning at higher energy efficiency according to an energy saving logic. The remaining generators are deactivated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Moretto S.p.A.
    Inventor: Renato Moretto
  • Publication number: 20120324756
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for drying bulk goods, in particular solids, such as granular materials, powders, grains, films, shreds, or the like, preferably plastic granular material. In order to dry the exhaust air flow (5) exiting the drying silo (9), the drying silo (9), through which an air flow flows, is connected by means of a process fan (11) to a wheel drier (1) that contains a drying or adsorbing agent and that has a rotatable drum (2) having radial cells (21). The individual cells (21) of the drum (2) of the wheel drier (1) are formed by plates, wherein clamping plates (24) of a cell (21) lying against the radial outer (22) and inner (23) jackets of the drum (2) have a U-shaped cross-section and are arranged axially on the inner wall. The legs (25) of the U-shaped clamping plates (24) are tilted outwardly. Separating plates (26) are provided as partitions of the individual cells (21).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Applicant: WITTMANN KUNSTSTOFFGERAETE GMBH
    Inventor: Erhard Fux
  • Publication number: 20120144691
    Abstract: In a method for operating an adsorption dryer, a process air flow, generated by at least one blower, is routed at least at times through an adsorption apparatus and over a textile goods in care during a textile care process in a “dry” operating mode to thereby charge a reversibly dehydratable adsorbent of the adsorption apparatus with moisture. A charge state of the adsorbent with water is detected and is displayed at least after the end of the “drying” textile care process. The absorbent is desorbed at least in part during a subsequent, selected and started textile care process in a “refresh” operating mode, and the desorbed moisture is routed as a moist process air flow into a receptacle for refreshing textile goods which are stored or hung in a stationary manner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicant: BSH BOSCH UND SIEMENS HAUSGERÄTE GMBH
    Inventors: Frank Kohlrusch, Ulf Müller, Andreas Stolze
  • Patent number: 8137440
    Abstract: A dryer and a drying apparatus attachable to a dryer are disclosed. A wheel having desiccant material is located in line and in close proximity with a heating element. The wheel includes a first portion positioned in an inlet air path and a second portion positioned in an outlet air path. The desiccant material removes water molecules from air within the inlet air path, and lowers the vapor pressure of the incoming air. In the outlet air path, heated air flows through the second portion to transfer energy to the desiccant material. The wheel rotates to change the desiccant material within the portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Protégé Enterprises
    Inventors: Charles Robert Dewald, III, Thomas L. Cristello
  • Patent number: 8021462
    Abstract: A dehumidification plant for granular material, comprising hopper having loading mouth and discharge mouth for granular material, upper feeding mouth in the hopper and lower delivery mouth of a gaseous medium, humidity absorbent material designed to absorb the humidity conveyed by the gaseous medium; towers arranged to contain the absorbent material; supplying arrangement designed to feed the gaseous medium to the hopper and the towers; electronic control unit; detection structure arranged to detect process variables of the plant and electrically connected with the electronic control unit. The plant further comprises distribution structure designed to distribute gaseous medium from of the towers thereby feeding it to another tower from among the towers, the distribution structure being controllable by the electronic control unit between open position, portion of the gaseous medium contained in the of the towers is fed to the towers, and closed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Moretto S.p.A.
    Inventor: Renato Moretto
  • Publication number: 20100217445
    Abstract: Granular material is dehumidified by: a) providing a number of dry air generators inside hoppers containing granular material; b) for each dry air generator, evaluating the dry air flow generable and/or higher energy efficiency functioning time; c) calculating the dry air flow rate for each single hopper depending on the characteristics of the granular material; and d) activating a number of generators sufficient to deliver a total dry air flow rate equal to the sum of the flow rates required by the hoppers. The number of the generators and the generators to be activated are chosen depending on the flow rate deliverable by each and/or by their respective ranges of functioning at higher energy efficiency according to an energy saving logic. The remaining generators are deactivated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2010
    Publication date: August 26, 2010
    Applicant: MORETTO S.P.A.
    Inventor: Renato Moretto
  • Patent number: 7662211
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a granular-material dehumidification plant including at least one silo or hopper arranged to receive granular material to be dehumidified at the top thereof and provided with a controlled lower delivering mouth, at least one feeding duct designed to be dipped in the granular material contained in each hopper to supply hot and dry processing air thereto, and at least one exhaust duct for humid processing air; at least two molecular sieve towers arranged alternatively to supply hot and dry processing air to the at least one hopper, each tower delimiting therein a space for housing molecular sieves and a chamber for housing heating means, the space and the chamber being in fluid communication with one another at one end thereof, while being in fluid communication at the other end thereof, with a respective air inlet/outlet duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignee: Moretto SpA.
    Inventor: Critelli Federico
  • Publication number: 20080276484
    Abstract: A dryer and a drying apparatus attachable to a dryer are disclosed. A wheel having desiccant material is located in line and in close proximity with a heating element. The wheel includes a first portion positioned in an inlet air path and a second portion positioned in an outlet air path. The desiccant material removes water molecules from air within the inlet air path, and lowers the vapor pressure of the incoming air. In the outlet air path, heated air flows through the second portion to transfer energy to the desiccant material. The wheel rotates to change the desiccant material within the portions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Publication date: November 13, 2008
    Inventors: Charles Robert Dewald, III, Thomas L. Cristello
  • Patent number: 7070393
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for regulating a compressor installation with at least one compressor element (6) driven by a motor and, in the pressure conduit (11) thereof, a dryer (2) of the type comprising a pressure vessel (24) with a drying zone (3) and a regeneration zone (4), and a rotor (25) continuously rotated in this pressure vessel (24) by a motor (33), which rotor is filled with a regenerable drying agent. A portion of the compressed air is supplied, by means of a branch (15), to the regeneration zone (4) and, after cooling down and separation of the condensed water, is fed back to the pressure conduit (11). The speed of both motors (9, 33) is regulated by a regulation device (13) in function of the pressure in the pressure conduit (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2006
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Airpower, naamloze vennootschap
    Inventor: Danny Etienne Andrée Vertriest
  • Patent number: 7000332
    Abstract: A gas drying apparatus is provided having at least two desiccant-containing towers which alternately receive moisture-saturated air from an inlet to be dried during a drying phase, and then receive dry air during a regeneration phase to regenerate the desiccant which had previously adsorbed moisture from saturated air during the drying phase. The apparatus diverts a portion of dry air flowing along one of two flow paths including a first flow path having a heater and a pulse purge regeneration control valve for selectively enabling delivery of heated dry air to the tower being regenerated, and a second flow path which bypasses the first flow path and includes a bypass valve for selectively permitting delivery of unheated dry air to the tower being generated so as to cool the desiccant therein. A temperature sensing arrangement is provided for monitoring and maintaining the internal temperature of heated dry air delivered into the tower being regenerated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2006
    Assignee: Pneumatech, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent P Fresch, Titus A. Mathews
  • Patent number: 6871419
    Abstract: The invention relates to a flat and activable drying device for reducing the moisture content of a gas space surrounding said device and to a method for producing a device of this type. The inventive drying device contains a flat matrix with at least one regenerable drying agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: LTS Lohmann Therapie-Systeme AG
    Inventors: Franz-Josef Becker, Robert-Peter Klein
  • Publication number: 20040040172
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for controlling airflow in a desiccant drying system having two desiccant beds (10, 12). A first diverter valve (14) communicates with each of the desiccant beds, a regeneration air inlet (22), and a process air outlet (20). A second diverter valve (16) communicates with each of the desiccant beds, a process air inlet (18), and a regeneration air outlet (28). First and second regeneration air control valves (24, 30) are also provided which during a cooling phase of the regeneration cycle admit a cooling bleed stream of process air to the desiccant bed being regenerated and then convey the cooling air bleed stream from the desiccant bed and through a heat exchanger (42) back to the process air inlet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2003
    Publication date: March 4, 2004
    Inventor: Robert R Crawford
  • Patent number: 6634119
    Abstract: Disclosed is an adsorptive ethanol drying apparatus in which microwaves are applied during the regeneration of an absorbent conducted in a continuous adsorption process for drying ethanol, so that the absorbent regeneration can be rapidly achieved at a temperature lower than that used in a conventional heating type regeneration method and within a reduced processing time, thereby being capable of allowing an efficient use of energy while improving the productivity per adsorbent mass. A method for operating the adsorptive ethanol drying apparatus is also disclosed. At an adsorption step, a vaporized ethanol azeotropic mixture is forced to pass through adsorption towers to adsorb water contained in the vaporized ethanol azeotropic mixture to an adsorbent charged in each of the adsorption towers while condensing ethanol in a storage tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Jong Kee Park, Soon Haeng Cho, Jong Nam Kim, Jung Il Yang, Hee Tae Beom
  • Patent number: 6571489
    Abstract: For a single chamber air drier in a compressed air system on a vehicle the volume of dry regeneration air required to regenerate a desiccant in the air drier has to be determined. This can be accomplished in that data regarding system pressure, outdoor temperature and supplied air volume are continuously provided to a compute, which in relation to these parameters controls the supply of regeneration air to the air drier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2003
    Assignee: Haldex Brake Products AB
    Inventors: Sven-Olof Larsson, Mats-Örjan Pogen
  • Publication number: 20030079370
    Abstract: A system for separating hydrocarbons from a material which includes a process chamber, a process pan operatively connected to the process chamber and removable therefrom, a blower operatively connected to the process chamber and to a heat source, the blower adapted to force heated air into the process chamber through the material disposed on the process pan, the forced heated air adapted to vaporize hydrocarbons and other contaminants disposed on the material, and at least one condenser operatively connected to the process chamber and adapted to condense the vaporized hydrocarbons and other contaminants is disclosed. Further, a method for separating hydrocarbons from a material which includes passing a stream of heated air over the material to volatilize the hydrocarbons, passing the stream of heated air containing the hydrocarbons through at least one condenser to form liquid hydrocarbons, collecting the liquid hydrocarbons, and recirculating the heated air is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2001
    Publication date: May 1, 2003
    Inventors: Gary E. Fout, Jerry T. Connaughton
  • Patent number: 6502328
    Abstract: A seal for an opening defined by a sidewall portion of the pressurizable tank. The tank contains desiccant for drying gases which pass through the desiccant. An elongate antenna extends from an interior portion to an exterior portion of the tank and is used for carrying microwave energy to the desiccant for regeneration of the desiccant. The seal has an insulator with an interior surface for receiving engagement with the antenna at the opening of the tank. In one embodiment, the interior surface of the insulator is tapered such that a distance between opposing portions of the insulator reduces as the insulator extends in a direction through the opening toward the exterior of the tank. The antenna has a cross sectional dimension which reduces in size as the antenna extends in the direction through the opening toward the exterior of the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2003
    Assignee: Arrow Pneumatics, Inc.
    Inventors: Wayne G. Love, Clyde R. Kerns, Stephen B. Ciotti
  • Patent number: 6434857
    Abstract: A combination closed-circuit washer and drier apparatus having a washing cycle and a drying cycle. The apparatus comprises a unitary housing having a tub and a tumbler within the tub, the tub also having an air inlet and air outlet which allows air to flow through the tub, wherein air flowing from the air inlet is in communication with the tumbler. The apparatus also includes a desiccant recharging system located within the unitary housing having a entrance and an exit, the entrance coupled to the air outlet and the exit coupled to the air entrance, thus allowing a continuous flow of air through the system. The desiccant recharging system also includes a diverting valve that directs the flow of air primarily through the desiccant system in a closed-loop during the wash cycle. The diverting valve alters the air flow between the washing cycle (desiccant regeneration) to the drying cycle (desiccant water adsorption).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: SmartClean JV
    Inventors: Robert David Anderson, Matthew David Anderson
  • Patent number: 6391091
    Abstract: A monolithic hygroscopic material shaped to facilitate a circulation flow of ambient air. The hygroscopic material may be used to remove various compounds from an ambient gas and may be reactivated to restore its drying capacity. The tendency of the material to seek equilibrium may be utilized to achieve dehumidification or humidification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Inventor: James P. McMahon
  • Patent number: 6336278
    Abstract: A method and system for controlling airflow in a desiccant drying system having two desiccant beds. A first diverter valve (14A) communicates with each of the desiccant beds, a regeneration air inlet (22A), and a process air outlet (28A). A second diverter valve (16A) communicates with each of the desiccant beds, a process air inlet, and a regeneration air outlet. A first of the beds is regenerated by moving the first diverter valve to a position which the first bed communicates with the regeneration air inlet and a second of the beds communicates with the process air outlet, and by moving the second diverter valve to a position in which the first bed communicates with the regeneration air outlet and the second bed communicates with the process air inlet. The first bed is subsequently cooled by moving the first diverter valve to an intermediate cooling position in which the second bed communicates with both of the process air outlet and the first bed, and closing the regeneration air inlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2002
    Assignee: Universal Dynamics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert R. Crawford, Donald D. Rainville
  • Patent number: 6334265
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the operation of a regenerator, hot and cold gas being repeatedly passed through a bulk material 4 with a maximum particle diameter Dmax which is received in the annular space 1 between a substantially cylindrical hot grid 3 and a cold grid 4 surrounding the latter, and at least one discharge opening 16 being provided in the bottom B of the annular space 1 for discharging the bulk material 4. To increase the service life of the regenerator, it is proposed according to the invention that a predetermined amount of bulk material 4 is discharged during or after the passing-through of hot gas, so that a compressive stress exerted by the bulk material 4 on the hot grid 3 and cold grid 4 is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2002
    Assignee: Applikations-und Technikzentrum fur Energieverfahrens-Umwelt und Stromungstechnik
    Inventors: Andres Emmel, Dragan Stevanovic, Hans-Georg Fassbinder
  • Patent number: 6280504
    Abstract: A hygroscopic material having at least one passageway or channel therethrough. In a dehumidifier embodiment, the material is shaped to provide a surface area to facilitate gas flow, and drying of an ambient gas by creating a chimney effect which facilitates mixing of the gas. This causes the heavier water vapor or other compound containing gas to contact adsorbent material adjacent to the passageway or channel, adsorb at least some of the compound, and cause the lighter gas to exit the passageway or channel. The dehumidifier may have various shapes and sizes and can be reactivated to restore its drying capacity. When utilized as a humidifier, the material desorbs or adds the constituent (such as water vapor) to the gas and a downdraft rather than a chimney effect is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Inventor: James P. McMahon
  • Patent number: 6226888
    Abstract: A method and device for drying a gas by means of adsorption on a desiccant able to be regenerated (11), whereby a portion of the dried gas is used for regenerating the desiccant. The gas portion used for the regeneration is heated in at least two successive steps, said steps being performed in different zones (30,31 or 33-36) situated successively in the flow direction of the gas portion through the regenerating desiccant (11) and by stopping the heating in a zone (30,31 or 33-36) as soon as the desiccant (11) in this zone (30,31 or 33-36) is regenerated, so that this zone (30,31 or 33-36) may already cool down by the gas portion for regeneration while a successive zone (30,31 or 33-36) is still regenerated by the heated gas. In each vessel (7, 8) at least two individually controllable heating elements (25-26; 27-28; 38-41) are present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Airpower, naamloze vennootschap
    Inventor: Kristian Karl Henrik Lang
  • Patent number: 5979170
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing dried and dehumidified cooling air for bulk stored grains and other produce from which moisture evaporates comprising a multiplicity of narrow elongate beds 2 of desiccant between which a multiplicity of heat exchange channels 3 providing heat exchange surfaces 4 in contact with each bed 2 of desiccant are provided. Air to be treated is passed through the beds 2 of desiccant while secondary air is forced through the heat exchange channels 3 to cool and remove the heat of sorption collected by the desiccant from the air being treated. desiccant can be regenerated by passing heated air through the beds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Victoria University of Technology
    Inventor: Graham R Thorpe
  • Patent number: 5926969
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for regenerating a moist adsorption medium in a multiple vessel drying system utilize a pulsed control of a purge gas outlet valve during a regeneration phase. Internal heaters are embedded in the desiccant beds. During the regeneration phase of a desiccant bed, the internal heater heats the desiccant to remove the moisture therefrom in the form of water vapor. After the water vapor builds up in the drying vessel for a certain period of time, the purge gas outlet valve is opened for a period of time just long enough to flush the built up water vapor from the vessel, and is then closed again. Accordingly, the amount of purge gas required is minimized, which leads to a higher quality purge, higher overall system drying efficiency, as well as reduced energy requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Universal Dynamics, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert R. Crawford, Donald D. Rainville, Christopher J. Selley
  • Patent number: 5896675
    Abstract: A device has at least one storage container for material to be treated with at least one inlet line and at least one return line for circulating process air therethrough. At least one heating device for heating the process air is provided as well as at least one blower for circulating the process air. A control device for receiving a nominal dew point value is provided. At least one dew point measuring device is connected to the control device for measuring the actual dew point of the process air and transmitting the actual dew point value to the control device. A first mixing valve is connected either to the inlet line or to the return line. The control device controls the first mixing valve by comparing the actual dew point value to the nominal dew point value and sending a respective control signal to the first mixing valve such that the process air has a dew point corresponding to a specific nominal, residual moisture-dependent air dew point of the material to be treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: Motan Holding GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Holler, Manfred Nowak
  • Patent number: 5815944
    Abstract: Described are a device and methods for drying hosiery and other articles of clothing in a way which is aesthetically pleasing and efficient. In one embodiment, the invention provides an enclosure comprising a bottom portion; suspending means disposed above the bottom portion for hanging the hosiery and/or other articles of clothing within the enclosure; absorption means which, during normal use, is disposed above the bottom portion and below the hosiery and/or other articles of clothing when hung within the enclosure, for absorbing liquid which may drop from the hosiery and/or other articles of clothing when wet; and attachment means for attaching the enclosure to a substantially vertical surface; whereby the hosiery and/or other articles of clothing may be stored to dry while remaining substantially concealed within the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1998
    Inventor: James R. Palmer
  • Patent number: 5765291
    Abstract: A compressed gas system comprises a pressure generator and a consuming installation, a gas drier disposed between the pressure generator and the consuming installation, and an in-flow line connecting the pressure generator to the gas drier. Desirably, an out-flow line connects the gas drier to the consuming installation. A by-pass line also connects the pressure generator to the gas drier in parallel to the in-flow line. The by-pass line includes a pressure-controlled blocking device, such as a check valve, which allows the passage of gas from the pressure generator to the gas drier only when a predetermined opening pressure has been reached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: WABCO GmbH
    Inventor: Karl-Heinz Deike
  • Patent number: 5566468
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus for processing an adsorption medium which, by means of a hot gas, is freed of an agent, particularly moisture, adsorbed in the adsorption medium and is then cooled by a stream of gas or air. In order to avoid undesired heating of the exiting gas stream and/or of the drying air, a stream of cooling gas emerging from the hot adsorption medium is conducted through a heat accumulator for receiving the heat from the hot adsorption medium and then is recirculated through the adsorption medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: SOMOS GmbH
    Inventor: Roderich W. Graeff
  • Patent number: 5487225
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method for the controlled drying of polymer plastic pellets within a dryer hopper are provided. A sensor tree having a plurality of temperature sensors spaced vertically on the tree is positioned vertically within the dryer hopper so that the individual sensors are each located at varying vertical distances from the bottom to the top of the dryer hopper. A target temperature for a particular type of polymer plastic pellet, when maintained for a specified residence time, indicates that the pellet is thoroughly dry for use in a manufacturing process. By determining the vertical level at which the target temperature has been achieved for the desired residence time, the amount of dry material within the hopper that is ready to be input to the manufacturing process is determined. A signal processing unit operating a software program automatically controls the throughput of the dryer hopper so that only dry polymer plastic pellets leave the hopper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: The Conair Group, Inc.
    Inventor: John P. Downie
  • Patent number: 5485686
    Abstract: The invention resides in a process air dryer system for plastics processing machines and method for drying process air comprising two desiccant towers repeatedly alternating between process and regeneration cycles. In addition to conventional bottom heaters, each tower has an additional generally central heater so as to reduce the time required to regenerate saturated desiccant. When a tower is undergoing regeneration of its desiccant, generally centrally heaters aid conventional bottom heaters in drying saturated desiccant so as to reduce conventional regeneration cycle time by as much as 25% to 30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1996
    Assignee: Dri-Air Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Charles F. Sears, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5457897
    Abstract: A process for drying a gas stream having a periodically fluctuating moisture content which assures that a predetermined dew point temperature is not exceeded at any time by conducting the gas stream through a moisture adsorbing medium having a reversible moisture adsorption capacity is greater than the average moisture content of the gas stream, and an apparatus for carrying out this process comprising a source of a flowing gas, such as air, which has a fluctuating moisture content, connected to a gas utilizing device via a chamber filled with an adsorbing medium which adsorbs moisture in a reversible manner and which has a moisture adsorption capacity which is greater than the average moisture content of the gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignee: Somos GmbH
    Inventor: Achim Becker
  • Patent number: 5446973
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus for desorption, e.g. desorbing a solvent, from a bedding (4) of adsorbent material (14), e.g. activated carbon, by means of a hot gas flow, e.g. air, so that a wave of concentration induces, which goes through the bedding by means of the hot gas flow. The invention is characterized in that the concentration wave is controlled to reach the gas flow outlet of the bedding surface successively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1995
    Inventors: Jan Andersson, Lars Nilsson
  • Patent number: 5444029
    Abstract: A method for regenerating an activated charcoal filter for a spray paint booth exhaust which includes the following steps:a passing a first gas flow of uncontaminated inlet air through the filter;preheating the first gas flow;combining the preheated first gas flow with additional uncontaminated air to form a preheated second gas flow at a predetermined temperature for achieving substantially complete desorption of the activated charcoal filter;recirculating the preheated second gas flow through the filter for desorbing filtered contaminants into the second gas flow;conveying the second gas flow to a heat contributing heat exchanging point for further preheating;pyrolytically oxidizing the further reheated gas flow, at a preselected elevated temperature, thereby oxidizing substantially all of the suspended particles therein;passing a resulting oxidized flow, at elevated temperature, to the heat exchanging point for cooling the oxidized gas flow and contributing exchanged heat to the second gas flow to achieve
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: Omia
    Inventor: Guy Martin