Loop-type Antenna Patents (Class 343/764)
  • Patent number: 10153561
    Abstract: An antenna arrangement can produce omni-directional polarisations of two or more types and comprises a compact arrangement of a dipole with array comprising first and second conductors in parallel planes separated by a printed circuit board and laid on the printed circuit board for generating horizontally polarised signals. A monopole arrangement comprises a third conductor substantially orthogonal to the planes of the first and second conductors and arranged so that one of the first and second conductors acts as a ground plane for the third conductor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: British Broadcasting Corporation
    Inventor: John Boyer
  • Patent number: 9634730
    Abstract: A power transmission system produces a magnetic field at a source that is wirelessly coupled to a receiver. Both the source and receiver are capacitively coupled LC circuits, driven at or near resonance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Nigel P. Cook, Paul Meier, Lukas Sieber, Marc Secall, Hanspeter Widmer
  • Patent number: 9543654
    Abstract: The disclosure illustrates a NFC antenna. The NFC antenna includes a first radiating portion and a second radiating portion. The first radiating portion is formed by a first conducting wire surrounding an axis core. The second radiating portion is formed by a second conducting wire surrounding the same axis core based on a surrounding direction which the first radiating portion surrounds the axis core. A second signal input terminal of the second radiating portion is electrically connected to a first signal input terminal of the first radiating portion. An open end of the second radiating portion is disposed proximately to a first signal output terminal. Thus, the NFC antenna can reduce the interferences affected from surrounding metal elements, and improve a quality factor of the NFC antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignees: UNIVERSAL SCIENTIFIC INDUSTRIAL (SHANGHAI) CO., LTD., UNIVERSAL GLOBAL SCIENTIFIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Cheng Ta Li, Hung Wei Chiu, Jui-Chih Chien
  • Patent number: 9260335
    Abstract: A satellite communication system for airborne and reachback communications may include a formation orbiting in one or more slots of a geosynchronous orbit. The formation may include two or more communications satellites (COMSATs) encircling a ring. Each COMSAT of the two or more COMSATs may include a communication module configured to communicate with a plurality of communications assets in a benign or contested environment. The formation may be configured to allow a first communications asset having a dish antenna with a first configuration to communicate independently with each of the two or more COMSATs in a first scenario. The formation may also be configured to allow a second communications asset having a dish antenna with a second configuration to communicate simultaneously with the two or more COMSATs in a second scenario.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Julie L. Miller, Liang C. Chu, Eric G. Butte
  • Patent number: 8742994
    Abstract: A housing includes a 3-D composite structure. The structure includes a flex foil. An antenna trace is provided on a first surface of the flex foil. A shield, which may be a sheet, is positioned on the antenna trace. A resin is molded to the first surface, the shield and the antenna trace. The resultant structure allows for a thin-walled design that can communicate efficiently via wireless signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Molex Incorporated
    Inventor: Stuart Davies
  • Patent number: 8736500
    Abstract: An antenna apparatus that has a base and an antenna element with a balanced RF output, which receives RF signals within a first band of frequencies. The apparatus includes a mount engaged with the base that rotatably supports the antenna about an axis of rotation. The apparatus has a balun with a balanced RF input and an unbalanced RF output. A feed line is coupled between the balanced RF output and the balanced RF input. The feed line includes two electrical conductors that have a predetermined length and that are aligned substantially in parallel, and supportively spaced apart a predetermined distance by plural insulators. The feed line is further arranged to maintain the predetermined distance between the two electrical conductors as the antenna element rotates with respect to the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: RadioShack Corporation
    Inventor: Alan Man Lung Lam
  • Patent number: 8659494
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a rotating-polarization reflector-backed Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) loop antenna apparatus and method. The loop antenna apparatus and method provides high gain (i.e., maximizing read distances at lowest power), directionality (i.e., ability to focus on specific areas), orientation insensitivity (i.e., ability to read RFID tags in any direction or orientation) while occupying minimal volume in overhead configurations. In an exemplary embodiment, the loop antenna apparatus includes a reflector and a loop element with the reflector configured to reflect downward RF energy from the loop element. Antenna polarization is controlled by a feed location on the loop element and antenna pattern is controlled by the reflector. Thus, orientation insensitivity may be achieved without changing the antenna pattern by rotating the feed location and not the reflector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Symbol Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: David E. Bellows
  • Patent number: 8629761
    Abstract: In a method and a system for initiating communication with an implantable medical device to conduct a wireless communication session between the implantable medical device and an external programmer device. A directional antenna is employed for initiating communication between a programmer device and an implantable medical device (IMD). The IMD is targeted by the programmer device by having an operator of the programmer device orient the directional antenna toward the IMD and transmitting a communication-initiating signal from the programmer to the IMD via the directional antenna. The directional antenna has a directional characteristic and communication range. the IMD responds to the communication-initiating signal by sending identification information to the programmer. the programmer may then use this identification to establish a communication session with the IMD targeted by the directional antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: St. Jude Medical AB
    Inventors: Jan Ljungström, Hans Abrahamson, Leif Lindkvist, Stefan Wahlberg, Niklas Sköldengen
  • Patent number: 8564439
    Abstract: Microstrip patch antenna (46), feed structure (48), and matching circuit (50) designs for an RFID tag (10). A balanced feed design using balanced feeds coupled by a shorting stub (56) to create a virtual short between the two feeds so as to eliminate the need for physically connecting the substrate to the ground plane. A dual feed structure design using a four-terminal IC can be connected to two antennas (46a,46b) resonating at different frequencies so as to provide directional and polarization diversity. A combined near-field/far-field design using a microstrip antenna providing electromagnetic coupling for far-field operation, and a looping matching circuit providing inductive coupling for near-field operation. A dual-antenna design using first and second microstrip antennas providing directional diversity when affixed to a cylindrical or conical object, and a protective superstrate (66). An annular antenna (46c) design for application to the top of a metal cylinder around a stem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Kansas
    Inventors: Daniel D. Deavours, Mutharasu Sivakumar
  • Patent number: 8493183
    Abstract: The wireless tag includes an antenna conductor; a first power-supply conductor which is electromagnetic-inductively coupled with the antenna conductor; and a second power-supply conductor which is loop-shaped and which is electrically coupled with the first power-supply conductor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Takashi Yamagajp, Toru Maniwa
  • Publication number: 20130113669
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a rotating-polarization reflector-backed Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) loop antenna apparatus and method. The loop antenna apparatus and method provides high gain (i.e., maximizing read distances at lowest power), directionality (i.e., ability to focus on specific areas), orientation insensitivity (i.e., ability to read RFID tags in any direction or orientation) while occupying minimal volume in overhead configurations. In an exemplary embodiment, the loop antenna apparatus includes a reflector and a loop element with the reflector configured to reflect downward RF energy from the loop element. Antenna polarization is controlled by a feed location on the loop element and antenna pattern is controlled by the reflector. Thus, orientation insensitivity may be achieved without changing the antenna pattern by rotating the feed location and not the reflector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Applicant: SYMBOL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: David E. Bellows
  • Patent number: 8299969
    Abstract: A multiband antenna includes a radio unit and a base circuit board. The radio unit includes a first radio member and a second radio member connected to the first radio member. The first radio member and the second radio member have similar shapes and sizes to each other and are aligned with each other. The base circuit board is connected to the second radio member to provide feed signals to the radio unit and connect the radio unit to the ground. The first radio member independently sends/receives wireless signals at a first frequency, and the second radio member is coupled with the first radio member, thereby cooperating with the first radio member to send/receive wireless signals at a second working frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Hao-Ying Chang, Yi-Hsien Weng, Cheng-Ang Lee
  • Patent number: 8295799
    Abstract: Aspects of a method and system for identifying a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag location using a switchable coil are presented. Aspects of the systems may include one or more processors that enable selection of an inductor coil from a plurality of inductor coils. The selection of the inductor coil may be based on a change in an electromagnetic field, with respect to an initial electromagnetic field, as detected by the selected inductor coil. The processors may enable transmission of a signal, having a transmitter frequency in the UHF frequency band, via the selected inductor coil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmadreza Rofougaran, Amin Shameli
  • Patent number: 8165552
    Abstract: Aspects of a method and system for identifying a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag location using a switchable coil are presented. Aspects of the systems may include one or more processors that enable selection of an inductor coil from a plurality of inductor coils. The selection of the inductor coil may be based on a change in an electromagnetic field, with respect to an initial electromagnetic field, as detected by the selected inductor coil. The processors may enable transmission of a signal, having a transmitter frequency in the UHF frequency band, via the selected inductor coil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmadreza Rofougaran, Amin Shameli
  • Patent number: 7825802
    Abstract: An identification system which may be employed in a transport or monitoring system has at least one stationary and at least one mobile transmission unit which are each provided with an antenna, which antennas in turn are coupled inductively or capacitively to each other during the transmission of data. At least one of the antennas is designed such that in response to a mutual displacement of the coupled antennas a direction-dependent modulation of the transmitted signals occurs which is demodulated and evaluated in at least one of the transmission units, for example, by a demodulation unit and a processor, optionally a signal processor, in order to obtain information relating to the relative motion of the two transmission units. In addition to known identification functions, the identification system may perform additional important functions without requiring any significant additional expense.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Assignee: Schweizerische Bundesbahnen SBB
    Inventors: Stefan Baiker, Martin Ruhl
  • Patent number: 7787922
    Abstract: To provide a cell phone equipped with a broadcast receiver that delivers a high receiving sensitivity and antenna performance in various usage states. A loop element 12 as an antenna for receiving television broadcast is arranged in a range (c) of an upper end portion of an upper housing 1. An end part of an upper circuit board 6 is matched with a portion shown by (a) so that a conductor other than the antenna element does not exist in the range (c). A monopole element 19 for cell phone communication is arranged at a lower end portion of a lower housing 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Yukari Yamazaki, Masashi Koshi, Haruhiko Kakitsu, Atsuhiko Hashigaya, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Yutaka Saito, Kenya Nagano
  • Patent number: 7729660
    Abstract: A communication device able to share one antenna and in addition able to sufficiently exhibit characteristics of a function as a reader, writer and a card function, a non-contact type IC card provided with that, and an information apparatus, wherein the device has a first transmission circuit 220 having first and second output terminals and outputting a carrier from the first and second output terminals in a first mode; an antenna circuit 210 including a node ND210, an inductor 211 having one end connected to the node, and having the other end connected to the second output terminal of the first transmission circuit, and a capacitor 212 connected between the node and the first output terminal of the first transmission circuit; a second transmission circuit 230 connected to the node of the antenna circuit and outputting the transmission data in a second mode; at least one reception circuit 240 connected to the node of the antenna circuit and performing reception processing with respect to data received at the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Satoru Kondo, Kenichi Kamiyama, Yukio Tanaka
  • Patent number: 7661186
    Abstract: A fabrication method of a radio frequency identification (RFID) antenna coil is provided. First, a substrate is processed by a surface modified procedure, to form a self-assembly membranes (SAMs) on a surface of the substrate. A catalyst is sprayed on the SAMs of the substrate according to patterning. After that, the first electroless plating procedure is first carried out for the substrate to generate a magnetic metal layer corresponding to the wiring pattern on the catalyst, and the second electroless plating procedure is then carried out for the substrate to generate the metal layer on the magnetic metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Chung-Wei Wang, Yung-Kuo Ho, Ming-Huan Yang, Chia-Chi Wu, Chao-Kai Cheng
  • Patent number: 7623835
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wireless communication device, such as a transponder, that has a plurality of antennas for multi-frequency usage. The wireless communication device comprises a control system, communication electronics, memory, and the aforementioned antennas. A wireless communication device having a pole antenna may be used with one or more loop conductor antennas to achieve the desired operating frequencies. A wireless communication device having a dipole antenna may be coupled across a loop conductor antenna to provide different loop conductor configurations depending on the frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2009
    Inventor: Ian J Forster
  • Patent number: 7375689
    Abstract: A multi-band antenna of compact size includes a conductor of uniform cross-section folded to form the antenna with a connection portion, a low-frequency first radiation portion, and a high-frequency second radiation portion. The connection portion has a feeding point for signal feeding. The first and second radiation portions connect to two ends of the connection portion. The first radiation portion is folded along two different planes to form three main sections. The second radiation portion is folded along a plane to form two sections. A terminal section of the first radiation portion and a terminal section of the second radiation portion are parallel, such that radiation of these two sections is coupled to enhance radiation characteristics of the antenna. Also, the folded structure helps to achieve compact size of the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2008
    Assignee: High Tech Computer Corp.
    Inventors: Yun-Ta Chen, Chien-Pang Chou, Chang-Hao Hsieh
  • Patent number: 7064725
    Abstract: An antenna assembly including a ground plane and a generally planar cross-slot antenna, spaced from the ground plane and arranged generally parallel thereto, the generally planar cross-slot antenna including a generally rigid dielectric substrate having formed on a first side thereof, a metal layer which defines mutually spaced rectangular slots at which the metal layer is not present and having formed on a second side thereof, there are defined feed lines extending radially outwardly from a central junction thereof, each to cross a corresponding one of the rectangular slots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2006
    Assignee: Galtronics Ltd.
    Inventors: Ilan Shtrikman, Najeed Azzam
  • Patent number: 6975834
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wireless communication device, such as a transponder, that has a plurality of antennas for multi-frequency usage. The wireless communication device comprises a control system, communication electronics, memory, and the aforementioned antennas. A wireless communication device having a pole antenna may be used with one or more loop conductor antennas to achieve the desired operating frequencies. A wireless communication device having a dipole antenna may be coupled across a loop conductor antenna to provide different loop conductor configurations depending on the frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Mineral Lassen LLC
    Inventor: Ian J. Forster
  • Patent number: 6494421
    Abstract: Actuator, especially suited for an actuating mechanism for parabolic and other reflector dishes. The actuator comprises two co-axial cylinders (8, 12). A helical guideway (10) is provided on the outer surface of the inner cylinder (12) or the inner surface of the outer cylinder (8), and a plurality of guide means are provided on the other of the outer surface of the inner cylinder (12) or the inner surface of the outer cylinder (8) to run in or along the helical guideway (10). The actuator is elongated or contracted by relative rotational movement of the cylinders (8, 12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Inventor: John Harrison
  • Patent number: 6459588
    Abstract: A noncontact IC card is provided with a card substrate 11, an IC chip 12 disposed on the card substrate 11, and a antenna circuit 13 formed on the card substrate 11 and having a pair of antenna terminals 13a and 13b, where one antenna terminal 13a is connected to the IC chip 12. An isolation layer 14 is formed over at least one portion of the antenna circuit 13, and a connection layer 15 is formed extending over the isolation layer 14. One end portion 15a of the connection layer 15 is connected to the IC chip 12 and another end portion 15b thereof is connected to the other antenna terminal 13b of the antenna circuit 13. Protective layers 16a and 16b are provided on top of the card substrate 11 to protect the IC chip 12 and the antenna circuit 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ken-ichi Morizumi, Kazumi Izumitani
  • Patent number: 6236316
    Abstract: Identification tags (22) are secured to objects (20) moving upon a transport band (16). The identification tags (22) each contain a transponder circuit (32) in electrical communication with transponder antennae (30, 31). The transponder circuit (32) contains a unique digital code containing data relating to the object (20). When the identification tag (22) is located beneath the object (20), at least one reader antenna (25) is positioned beneath the transport band (16) and in alignment with a selected aperture (34) extending through a support plate (12). One or more apertures (34) in alignment with the reader antenna (25) provide capacitive coupling between the transponder antennae (30, 31) and the reader antenna (25). The reader circuit (28) generates a signal in the presence of an identification tag (22), which is transmitted to the transponder antenna (30) located on the identification tag (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Noel H. Eberhardt, Victor Allen Vega, James Gerard Quaderer
  • Patent number: 6107921
    Abstract: Identification tags are secured to parcels moving upon a conveyor belt. The identification tags each contain a transponder circuit in electrical communication with a transponder antenna. The transponder circuit contains a unique digital code containing data relating to the parcel. When the identification tag is located beneath a parcel, at least one reader circuit is positioned beneath the conveyor belt in alignment with a selected aperture extending through the. One or more apertures in alignment with the reader antenna provide electrical communication with the reader antenna. The reader circuit generates a signal in the presence of an identification tag, which is transmitted to the transponder antenna located on the identification tag. The signal energizes the transponder circuit in the identification tag, which sends a unique digital code via the transponder antenna back to the reader antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Noel H. Eberhardt, Victor Allen Vega, James Gerard Quaderer
  • Patent number: 5929760
    Abstract: An RFID antenna system is described comprising an elongated antenna disposed proximate an interrogation path for interrogating transponders moving along the interrogation path. The antenna is oriented such that the longitudinal axis of the antenna is substantially perpendicular to said interrogation path. The antenna provides an active RF interrogation zone that intersects at least 40% of the horizontal longitudinal plane of the interrogation path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Escort Memory Systems
    Inventor: Brian Monahan
  • Patent number: 4427984
    Abstract: An antenna utilizes a conductive helix mounted in front of a conductive cup and transformer impedance-matching balun, with the helix rotatable about the antenna center line to allow adjustment of the variable phase thereof with respect to a reference phase. An array formed of a plurality of the phase-variable antennas allows the maximum gain lobe of that array to be steered through some angle, relative to an array center line essentially parallel to the parallel center lines of the plurality of array antennas, by variation of the individual antenna phases, relative to a reference phase. The plurality of antennas may have the feed points thereof combined, to provide a high-gain steerable array of relatively great mechanical strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1984
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Roy E. Anderson
  • Patent number: 3952984
    Abstract: Bolted or otherwise secured in offset relationship to one of the legs of a radio or television tower or mast is a bracket to the top of which is fixedly secured an inner sprocket. Rotatably mounted in this bracket coaxial with the inner sprocket is an inner shaft to the top of which is fixedly secured the rearward hub of an inner arm. Rotatably mounted in the forward hub of the inner arm is an intermediate shaft to the lower end of which is fixedly secured a lower intermediate sprocket carrying an endless sprocket chain drivingly connecting it to the inner sprocket. Fixedly secured to the forward hub of the inner arm coaxial with the intermediate shaft above the lower intermediate sprocket is an upper intermediate sprocket. Fixedly secured to the upper end of the intermediate shaft is the rearward hub of an outer arm, in the forward hub at the outer end of which is journaled an outer shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1973
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1976
    Inventor: Dracos Alexander Dimitry