With Horn Patents (Class 343/786)
  • Patent number: 10873135
    Abstract: Various embodiments may relate to an antenna. The antenna may include a ridge reflector arranged along a plane. The ridge reflector may be configured to enhance an emission of at least one electromagnetic wave source providing an electromagnetic wave signal to the antenna and further configured to direct the electromagnetic wave signal in a direction at least substantially perpendicular to the plane. The ridge reflector may define a space along the plane for allowing the electromagnetic wave signal to be directed in the direction at least substantially perpendicular to the plane. The ridge reflector may include at least one of a dielectric material and a semiconductor material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Agency for Science, Technology and Research
    Inventors: Arseniy Kuznetsov, Yuan Hsing Fu
  • Patent number: 10861805
    Abstract: A high frequency module includes: a package section including a semiconductor chip, a first portion of a backshort being integrated with the semiconductor chip by a first resin, and a first rewiring line electrically coupled to the semiconductor chip and including a portion to be an antenna coupler; and a waveguide with which a second portion of the backshort is integrated, wherein the package section and the waveguide are integrated by a second resin, to position the portion to be the antenna coupler between the waveguide and the backshort.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventor: Daijiro Ishibashi
  • Patent number: 10840601
    Abstract: A horn antenna array is provided with a plurality of horn antennas arranged in one direction. Each of the plurality of horn antennas includes two pairs of inclined planes, which define a frustum-shape horn, and on an electromagnetic wave incident side of the horn, ends of a pair of inclined planes arranged in the one direction out of the two pairs of inclined planes project from ends of the other pair of inclined planes out of the two pairs of inclined planes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: PIONEER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takanori Ochiai, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Tatsuya Kawano, Masakazu Ogasawara
  • Patent number: 10778286
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, a system for generating electromagnetic signals that resonate in a cavity having a plurality of reflectors resulting in resonating electromagnetic signals and combining the resonating electromagnetic signals to form an electromagnetic wave that traverses a reflector and couples onto a physical transmission medium. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Paul Shala Henry, Giovanni Vannucci, Irwin Gerszberg, Thomas M. Willis, III, Robert Bennett, Donald J. Barnickel, Farhad Barzegar
  • Patent number: 10727611
    Abstract: An antenna array according to an embodiment includes a conductive member having a first and second slots adjacent to each other. The conductive surface on a front side of the conductive member is shaped so as to define a first and second horns respectively communicating with the first and second slots. The respective E planes of slots are on the same plane, or on a plurality of planes which are substantially parallel to each other. In an E-plane cross section of the first horn, a length from one of two intersections between the E plane and an edge of the first slot to one of two intersections between the E plane and an edge of the aperture plane of the first horn is longer than a length from the other intersection between the E plane and the edge of the first slot to the other intersection between the E plane and the edge of the aperture plane of the first horn, the lengths extending along an inner wall surface of the first horn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignees: NIDEC CORPORATION, WGR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hideki Kirino, Hiroyuki Kamo
  • Patent number: 10700438
    Abstract: The invention relates to a guide element for an antenna for a fill level meter, wherein the guide element is composed of a dielectric material and is used for forming, guiding and emitting electromagnetic radiation. The guide element has a permittivity course that changes over the spatial expansion of the guide element for specifically forming the electromagnetic radiation, the course being implemented by a spatial distribution of the material density of the dielectric material, wherein the material density is defined as one portion of dielectric material per elementary cell of a given size. Furthermore, the invention relates to a method for producing a guide element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH
    Inventor: Michael Gerding
  • Patent number: 10644396
    Abstract: An antenna structure (10, 20) for beamforming is disclosed. The antenna structure (10, 20) comprises: a first set of antenna elements (12a, 12b; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) connected by a first analog distribution network (14a; 24a) to a first baseband chain (11a; 23a), and a second set of antenna elements (13a, 13b; 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f) connected by a second analog distribution network (14b; 24b) to a second baseband chain (11b; 23b), wherein the first set of antenna elements (12a, 12b; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) are arranged interleaved with the second set of antenna elements (13a, 13b; 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f) and wherein the antenna elements of the first and second sets are designed for use on same carrier frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL)
    Inventors: Sven Petersson, Fredrik Athley, Martin Johansson, Andreas Nilsson
  • Patent number: 10615487
    Abstract: A antenna waveguide for an antenna module includes a first surface formed in a first plane, a second plane adjacent to the first plane, a third plane adjacent to the second surface, not adjacent to the first surface, and parallel to the first surface, and a fourth surface adjacent to the first surface and the third surface, and not adjacent to the second surface. The antenna module includes an antenna, wherein a first size of the first surface along a direction of the antenna is substantially equal to a third quarter wavelength of a radio-frequency signal of the antenna, the antenna is formed in a second plane, and projections of the second surface and the fourth surface onto a third plane are perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Wistron Corporation
    Inventor: Chen-Yu Chou
  • Patent number: 10594045
    Abstract: An antenna array according to an embodiment includes a conductive member having a first and second slots adjacent to each other. The conductive surface on a front side of the conductive member is shaped so as to define a first and second horns respectively communicating with the first and second slots. The respective E planes of slots are on the same plane, or on a plurality of planes which are substantially parallel to each other. In an E-plane cross section of the first horn, a length from one of two intersections between the E plane and an edge of the first slot to one of two intersections between the E plane and an edge of the aperture plane of the first horn is longer than a length from the other intersection between the E plane and the edge of the first slot to the other intersection between the E plane and the edge of the aperture plane of the first horn, the lengths extending along an inner wall surface of the first horn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignees: NIDEC CORPORATION, WGR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hideki Kirino, Hiroyuki Kamo
  • Patent number: 10581172
    Abstract: A radio frequency (RF) communications system may include a local RF communications device and an RF antenna coupled to the local RF communications device. The RF antenna may include a cavity backing housing, a conical RF launch structure having an apex positioned within the cavity backing housing, and an elongate electrical conductor having a proximal end extending through the apex of the conical RF launch structure and a distal end spaced apart from the conical RF launch structure to define an elongate RF coverage pattern. The system may further include at least one remote RF communications device within the elongate RF coverage pattern to wirelessly communicate with the local RF communications device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: HARRIS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Francis E. Parsche, Shawn H. Gallagher, James L. Ziarno
  • Patent number: 10454182
    Abstract: A unitary dielectric block is provided having a waveguide transition portion located at a first end of the unitary dielectric block, a sub-reflector support portion located at a second end of the unitary dielectric block, and a radiator portion between the waveguide transition portion and the sub-reflector support portion. The unitary dielectric block may have a longitudinal axis. The sub-reflector support portion may have a proximal surface and a distal surface. The distal surface may be located further from the longitudinal axis of the unitary dielectric block than the proximal surface. The distal surface may be angled at a first angle with respect to the longitudinal axis of the unitary dielectric block, and the proximal surface may be angled at a second angle with respect to the longitudinal axis of the unitary dielectric block. The second angle may be greater than the first angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: CommScope Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Ronald J. Brandau, Christopher D. Hills
  • Patent number: 10403975
    Abstract: An antenna has a predetermined operating frequency, corresponding to a predetermined wavelength, and the antenna includes: a conductive sectoral horn including one open end built into a floorplan; short-circuited radiating slots, built into the floorplan, on either side of the open end; and conductive louvres, arranged above the slots and the open end, and configured to be deployed mechanically in a continuous manner to modify a radiation pattern of the antenna. The antenna can be, for example, used in stations for testing electromagnetic fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
    Inventors: Antoine Chauloux, Mohamed Himdi, Franck Colombel, Antoine Jouade
  • Patent number: 10236586
    Abstract: A corrugated feed horn for antenna has an oval pattern of corrugations, and a series of intermediate ridges spaced between adjacent corrugation ridges only in the regions of the slots near its major axis. The intermediate ridges provide a feed horn that is capable of producing a relatively uniform oval beam, and has enough corrugations per wavelength to guarantee little diffraction on the edges of the horn, thus resulting in an antenna with very low side lobes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: Winegard Company
    Inventor: Alexander Anatoli Zelenski
  • Patent number: 10230163
    Abstract: A method including receiving a monopulse transmission by a monopulse antenna determining an angle of arrival of the monopulse transmission, using processing circuitry operably coupled to the monopulse antenna, determining, using the processing circuitry, an angle error for a high gain antenna based on the angle of arrival of the monopulse transmission, and causing the positioning of the high gain antenna based on the angle error.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: The Johns Hopkins University
    Inventors: Norman H. Adams, Hermann B. Sequeira, Matthew G. Bray, Dipak K. Srinivasan, Ron C. Schulze
  • Patent number: 10224638
    Abstract: Disclosed is a lens antenna comprising a dielectric lens consisting of a collimating part and an extension part, and an antenna element. The extension part of the lens comprises a substantially flat surface crossed by the axis of the collimating part, and the antenna element is rigidly fixed on the surface. The antenna element is formed by a hollow waveguide and comprises a dielectric insert with one end thereof adjacent to said surface; the size of the radiating opening of the waveguide is determined by the predefined width of the main beam and by side lobe levels of the radiation pattern of the lens antenna. The technical result of the invention is an increase in realized gain value due to the use of a waveguide antenna element with a dielectric insert, which provides impedance matching in a wide frequency bandwidth. The present invention can be used in radio-relay point-to-point communication systems, e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY “RADIO GIGABIT”
    Inventors: Aleksey Andreevich Artemenko, Andrey Viktorovich Mozharovskiy, Vladimir Nikolaevich Ssorin, Aleksey Gennad'evich Sevast'yanov, Roman Olegovich Maslennikov
  • Patent number: 10199735
    Abstract: A TEM line to double-ridged waveguide launcher and horn antenna are disclosed. The launcher uses multiple probes or one or more wide-aspect probes across the ridge gap to minimize spreading inductance and a TEM combiner or matching taper to match the impedance of the probes over a broad bandwidth. The horn uses a power-law scaling of gap height relative to the other dimensions of the horn's taper in order to provide a monotonic decrease of cutoff frequencies in all high-order modes. Both of these techniques permit the implementation of ultra-wideband designs at high frequencies where fabrication tolerances are most difficult to meet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Associated Universities, Inc.
    Inventor: Matthew Alexander Morgan
  • Patent number: 10186783
    Abstract: A Vivaldi antenna having an upper conductor and a lower conductor. A signal connector feed is attached to a rear end of the conductors while each conductor includes a curved flare section extending forwardly for the reception or transmission of the signal. Each conductor includes elliptical loading section or sections disposed around its flare section to enhance performance of the antenna by improving the front to back ratio as well as other factors for the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: DaHan Liao
  • Patent number: 10170844
    Abstract: A method for illuminating a dish reflector of a reflector antenna, including providing a waveguide coupled to a vertex of a dish reflector at a proximal end, a sub-reflector supported by a dielectric block coupled to a distal end of the waveguide, the dielectric block provided with a dielectric radiator portion proximate the distal end of the waveguide. An RF signal passing through the waveguide and the dielectric block to reflect from the sub-reflector through the dielectric block and at least partially through the dielectric radiator portion to the dish reflector illuminates the dish reflector with a maximum signal intensity and/or signal intensity angular range that is spaced outward from the vertex area of the dish reflector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: CommScope Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Ronald J. Brandau, Christopher D. Hills
  • Patent number: 10096876
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices are described that include one or more sidewall features to improve performance of a waveguide device. In particular, the sidewall features may be utilized within a polarizer section of a polarizer device such as a septum polarizers. The sidewall feature(s) may include recesses and/or protrusions. When a plurality of sidewall features are employed, the size, shape, spacing and kind (e.g., recess or protrusion) may vary according to a particular design.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: ViaSat, Inc.
    Inventor: Anders Jensen
  • Patent number: 9979091
    Abstract: A radiofrequency assembly includes a module with an antenna assembly formed in a semiconductor integrated circuit. The semiconductor integrated circuit can carry out at least one of the following functions: transmitting an electromagnetic signal, and receiving an electromagnetic signal. The radiofrequency assembly further includes a horn-like structure with a base portion adapted to fit on the module. The horn-like structure has an extending horn-shaped portion an input opening that encloses the antenna assembly when the horn-like structure is fitted on the module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: OMNIRADAR BV
    Inventors: Paulus Thomas Maria Van Zeijl, Hans Brouwer, Jaques Leopold Catharina Rompen, Timofey Grigorievich Savelyev
  • Patent number: 9966653
    Abstract: An electronic device may have wireless circuitry with antennas. The electronic device may have a dielectric housing. A printed circuit board with electrical components may be mounted in the dielectric housing. Heat spreader structures may be used to dissipate heat from the electrical components. The heat spreader structures be configured to form antenna cavities. The antennas in the electronic device may be formed from the antenna cavities and may have antenna resonating elements formed on the printed circuit. An electrical component such as a light-emitting diode may be mounted in one of the antenna cavities. Each antenna element may be an inverted-F antenna resonating element with short and long arms. The short arm of each antenna resonating element may be formed from edge plated metal traces on an edge of the printed circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Erin A. McAuliffe, James W. Jervis, Andrea Ruaro, Mattia Pascolini, Jerzy S. Guterman
  • Patent number: 9929471
    Abstract: A mode extractor for extracting TM01 mode from an electromagnetic signal, including a first and second turnstile junction, each of the turnstile junctions having first port, four second ports of rectangular waveguide which are mutually orthogonal and orthogonal to first port and matching section provided at least partially in center region of respective turnstile junction, center region being located at intersection of first port and four second ports wherein first and second turnstile junction are arranged so that longitudinal axes of their first ports are aligned with each other and their first ports are facing in opposite directions, each of the second ports of first turnstile junction is electromagnetically coupled to corresponding one of second ports of second turnstile junction, and a coaxial coupling device is inserted into matching section of first turnstile junction so that a portion of coaxial coupling device extends into first port of first turnstile junction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY
    Inventor: Nelson Fonseca
  • Patent number: 9912060
    Abstract: Embodiments of present inventions relate to low-profile, tapered cavity broadband antennas. One important aspect of the invention (although not the only) is the incorporation of a tapered lateral sidewalls in the antenna cavity. More particularly, according to various embodiments, a low-profile, tapered cavity antenna may comprise: an aperture defining an opening to a cavity; and an interior space defined by the cavity which is formed of a flat bottom wall defining a ground plane, and a pair of spaced-apart, tapered lateral sidewalls extending away from the flat bottom wall in opposite directions toward the aperture. The tapered shape of the tapered lateral sidewalls are specifically configured to maintain a constant resonance frequency within the cavity. In some embodiments, an isotropic high index medium material is at least partially loaded within the tapered cavity. Also, antenna may include a single or two-input port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory A. Mitchell, Wasyl Wasylkiwskyj
  • Patent number: 9865925
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate to low-profile broadband antennas having an anisotropic traverse resonance condition. One important aspect of the invention is the incorporation of an anisotropic high index medium material, at least partially loaded within the cavity, which is configured to maintain a constant resonance frequency of the antenna. A low-profile cavity antenna may comprise: an aperture defining an opening to a cavity; an interior space defined by the cavity which is formed of a flat bottom wall defining a ground plane, and a pair of spaced-apart, lateral sidewalls extending away from the flat bottom wall in opposite directions toward the aperture; and an anisotropic high index medium material, at least partially loaded within the cavity, configured to maintain a constant resonance frequency of the antenna. The lateral sidewalls may extend from opposing sides of the flat bottom wall perpendicularly or with an outwardly taper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory A. Mitchell, Wasyl Wasylkiwskyj
  • Patent number: 9859618
    Abstract: A radiating element may comprise an antenna element, a radiating element edge, and a corrugation. The antenna element may have an aperture that extends into the antenna element, and an aperture side defining an aperture area of the antenna element. The radiating element edge may surround the antenna element on the aperture side. The corrugation may be configured to separate, at least on the aperture side, the antenna element and the surrounding radiating element edge. The radiating element edge may be connected to the antenna element at a distance greater than zero from the aperture side of the antenna element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Lisa Draeximaier GmbH
    Inventor: Thomas Merk
  • Patent number: 9847582
    Abstract: An antenna system capable of achieving simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) operation over a wide bandwidth includes a ring array of TEM horn elements and a centrally located monocone or bicone antenna. The TEM horn elements each include a capacitive feed. The elements of the ring array are excited using a phasing scheme that results in signal cancellation at the location of the central element. The ring array may serve as either the transmit antenna or the receive antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: William F. Moulder, Bradley T. Perry, Jeffrey S. Herd
  • Patent number: 9728847
    Abstract: An antenna includes a plurality of upper electrodes in a first metal layer, a plurality of lower electrodes in a second metal layer, a plurality of side electrodes connecting the upper electrodes with the lower electrodes, and a ground structure. The upper electrodes, the lower electrodes and the side electrodes form one continuous electrode. The continuous electrode extends in a first direction away from a reference plane over a substrate. The upper electrodes extend in a second direction different from the first direction. The upper electrodes, the lower electrodes, and the side electrodes are embedded within a waveguide structure that includes a dielectric material. The substrate has a length extending in the first direction greater than a length the continuous electrode extends in the first direction. The waveguide structure includes a portion of the substrate in a region beyond the length of the continuous electrode in the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventors: Cheng-Hsien Hung, Yu-Ling Lin, Ho-Hsiang Chen
  • Patent number: 9653814
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a device for generating waveguide modes for use in a feed horn of a satellite antenna system, said waveguide modes comprising at least one excitation mode of higher order than the fundamental mode, said device comprising a waveguide containing a first waveguide section with at least three longitudinal slots extending in the inner side of said waveguide, characterized in that said waveguide contains a second waveguide section with at least three longitudinal slots extending in said inner side of said waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: NEWTEC CY
    Inventors: Bart Baekelandt, Philip Sanders, Guy Verstraeten
  • Patent number: 9582750
    Abstract: An RFID device includes a conductive sheet defining at least first and second portions, with an intermediate portion joining the other portions. One or more RFID chips electrically coupled to the portions, such as one or both of the first and second portions of the conductive sheet and to the intermediate portion. The first portion of the conductive sheet defines a multi-turn high frequency antenna having one or more disruptions in the conductive sheet positioned between and/or defining adjacent turns of the multi-turn antenna. The second portion of the conductive sheet defines a first radiating arm of an ultra high frequency antenna. The disruptions direct a high frequency current around the turns of the multi-turn high frequency antenna, while allowing an ultra high frequency current to flow across the disruptions, resulting in the first portion of the conductive sheet defining a second radiating arm of the ultra high frequency antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: AVERY DENNISON RETAIL INFORMATION SERVICES, LLC
    Inventor: Ian James Forster
  • Patent number: 9576471
    Abstract: A radio frequency (RF) remote controller device comprises radio frequency (RF) circuitry operably coupled to an antenna arrangement and arranged to transmit and receive RF signals to and from controllable devices. The RF remote controller device further comprises signal process logic operably coupled to the RF circuitry and to a user interface. The antenna arrangement is arranged to comprise a directivity characteristic. The signal processing logic upon receipt of a command input from the user interface, is arranged to: determine at least one link quality value that is at least partly dependent upon the directivity characteristic for the at least one controllable device; and select the controllable device for remote controlling based on the determined at least one link quality value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: NXP USA, INC.
    Inventors: Nicusor Penisoara, Razvan-Mihai Lucaci
  • Patent number: 9520635
    Abstract: An apparatus includes an IC package comprising a substrate having a first metal layer, a second metal layer, and a dielectric layer disposed between the first and second metal layers. The IC package further comprises an IC die disposed at a surface of the substrate and comprising RF circuitry. The first metal layer comprises a microstrip feedline extending from a pin of the IC die. The microstrip feedline includes a conductive trace having a probe element at a tip distal from the pin. The first metal layer further comprises a waveguide opening comprising a region surrounding the probe element, the region being substantially devoid of conductive material. The substrate further comprises a plurality of metal vias disposed at the perimeter of the region, the metal vias extending from the first metal layer to the second metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: PERASO TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventors: Mohammad Fakharzadeh, Mihai Tazlauanu
  • Patent number: 9461366
    Abstract: Provided is a ultra-wideband dual linear polarized wave waveguide antenna for communication having a wideband matching structure in which the inner peripheral surface of the first polarized wave filtering unit or the second polarized wave filtering unit, which filters a first polarized wave or a second polarized wave entering the dual linear polarized wave waveguide antenna and orthogonal to each other, are tapered such that a diameter of the inner peripheral surface becomes smaller, and having an extended path so as to adjust the first polarized wave and the second polarized wave so that they are in-phase. By doing so, the ultra-wideband dual linear polarized wave waveguide antenna is capable of both receiving and transmitting and thus can be used for communication, and can adjust skew angles without being mechanically rotated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: Wiworld Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chan Goo Park, Jun Hee Lee
  • Patent number: 9379437
    Abstract: A continuous horn or flared radiator antenna system is provided. The antenna system provides for steering a beam within at least a first plane (e.g., in azimuth). Steering a beam includes selecting an operative portion or segment of a circular array of elements or probe feeds. Steering can also include electronically steering the resulting beam within a coverage area provided by the selected segment of probe feeds. The electronic steering within the coverage area can be performed through the selective operation of phase shifters. Multiple continuous horn radiator structures can be provided to support pointing or steering of a beam in a second plane (e.g., in elevation), operation in multiple frequency bands, and/or simultaneous transmission and reception of signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp.
    Inventors: Nathan A. Stutzke, Peter J. Moosbrugger
  • Patent number: 9246225
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention concerns an aperture antenna that comprises: a receiving element, which includes an aperture and is configured to receive, through the aperture, radio signals having frequencies within a given band of radio frequencies; a waveguide configured to receive radio signals from the receiving element; and a frequency selective structure, which is arranged between the receiving element and the waveguide, and comprises metamaterial structures that extend partially inside the receiving element and/or partially inside the waveguide and that are configured to cause the propagation, from the receiving element to the waveguide, of only the received radio signals that have frequencies comprised within a predetermined sub-band of the given band of radio frequencies. Furthermore, the frequency selective structure is configured to reflect back into the receiving element the received radio signals that have frequencies not comprised in the predetermined sub-band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI ROMA TRE
    Inventors: Filiberto Bilotti, Alessandro Toscano, Davide Ramaccia, Luca Di Palma
  • Patent number: 9246233
    Abstract: An antenna may include a primary reflector having a ring focus; a feed body along an axis of the primary reflector, the feed body including a circular waveguide coaxial with the axis of the primary reflector; a sub-reflector disposed facing an end of the circular waveguide; and a generally cylindrical stem extending from a center of the sub-reflector into the circular waveguide to form a section of annular waveguide. A sub-reflector support may mechanically connect a perimeter of the sub-reflector and an outside surface of the feed body. The sub-reflector, the stem, and the feed body may be collectively configured to couple microwave energy between the annular waveguide and the primary reflector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: Optim Microwave, Inc.
    Inventor: John P. Mahon
  • Patent number: 9209521
    Abstract: A rectangular helix antenna in an integrated circuit includes upper electrodes disposed in a first metal layer, lower electrodes disposed in a second metal layer, and side electrodes connecting the upper electrodes with the lower electrodes, respectively. The upper electrodes are disposed at an angle with respect to the lower electrodes. The upper electrodes, the lower electrodes, and the side electrodes form one continuous electrode spiraling around an inner shape of a rectangular bar. A micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) helix antenna has a similar structure to the rectangular helix antenna, but can have an inner shape of a bar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventors: Cheng-Hsien Hung, Yu-Ling Lin, Ho-Hsiang Chen
  • Patent number: 9166278
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to reduce the cost of a product while ensuring reliability of the product as a wireless transmission/reception apparatus. Provided is communication apparatus (ODU) (1) installed outside, which includes a case that houses a transmission unit for transmitting a signal and a reception unit for receiving the signal, and a waveguide connected to an external antenna and configured to receive/transmit a signal. In the apparatus, the waveguide is formed integrally with the case, and taper (16) is formed in a part of the tube hole of the waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventors: Eiichi Furukawa, Masahiro Nomura
  • Patent number: 9160065
    Abstract: The present invention provides a substrate-embedded antenna and an antenna array constituted by said antennas. An antenna of the present invention comprises a plurality of substrates, a metal fill and a feed line. Each of the substrates has at least one through-hole. The metal fill is placed within each through-hole, and each metal fill placed therein connects one another to form a columnar metal conductor which acts as a radiating body of the antenna. The feed line is electrically coupled to the metal conductor to input and output electrical signals. A plurality of said antennas may constitute an antenna array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Hsin-Chia Lu, Che-Chun Kuo, Chen-Fang Tai
  • Patent number: 9136606
    Abstract: Electrically large, stepped-wall or smooth-wall, direct-radiating horn antenna apparatus that may preferably be used in satellite spot beam applications. Exemplary electrically large smooth-wall horn antenna apparatus comprises one or more input ports, an electrically large output port, and a smooth-wall or stepped-wall tapered section having a spline-shaped profile extending from the input port(s) to the output port of the apparatus. The spline-shaped profile is preferably monotonic and is preferably configured to generate a spot beam. The spline-shaped profile may be configured to support multiple frequency bands, and dual simultaneous polarization having either linear or circular polarization. The spline-shaped profile is defined by spline knots, and, the knot radii form a nondecreasing sequence. Preferably, the spline-shaped profile comprises a piecewise cubic Hermite interpolating polynomial spline that interpolates the shape of curves between the spline knots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: SPACE SYSTEM/LORAL, INC.
    Inventors: Peter S. Simon, Pamela Kung, Bruno W. Hollenstein
  • Patent number: 9035842
    Abstract: A miniature interrogator antenna assembly including: a housing; a first miniature horn antenna in the housing having a first aperture; a second miniature horn antenna in the housing having a second aperture. The first and second miniature horn antennas are arranged in a canted configuration and are joint at a front of the assembly to form combined apertures at the front of the assembly. The antenna assembly further includes: a splitter/combiner having a matching portion, where the matching portion is positioned in the housing in such a way that an apex of the matching portion points to the front of the assembly; a plurality of annular grooves formed around the combined apertures at the front of the assembly; a sum input port coupled to a first waveguide with an H-plane bend feeding the splitter/combiner; and a difference input port coupled to a second waveguide feeding the splitter/combiner directly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: RAYTHEON COMPANY
    Inventors: Theodore N. Tahmisian, Jr., Charles A. Hall
  • Publication number: 20150091771
    Abstract: A feeding apparatus includes a substrate, an annular grounded metal sheet having a first opening and a second opening, a rectangular grounded metal sheet extending from the annular grounded metal sheet toward an interior according to a configuration of a septum polarizer of a waveguide, a first parasitic grounded metal sheet extending from a side of the rectangular grounded metal sheet along a first direction, a second parasitic grounded metal sheet extending from another side of the rectangular grounded metal sheet along a second direction, a first feeding metal sheet extending from the first opening toward the interior and including a first portion, a second portion and a third portion and a second feeding metal sheet extending from the second opening toward the interior and including a fourth portion, a fifth portion and a sixth portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Shun-Chung Kuo, Chao-Kai Chan
  • Publication number: 20150077301
    Abstract: A microwave antenna suitable for monopulse radar applications is operable over a broad frequency band. The antenna uses a horn with two walls. Each wall includes two ridges that extend into an inner region of the horn near the horn's base and then taper into the wall surfaces. The horn is coupled to two ridged waveguide sections with the ridges of the waveguide sections matched to opposed pairs of the horn ridges. The antenna may be coupled to electronics via standard waveguides. In many embodiments, dimensions of the waveguides coupled to the horn are smaller (to provide a small array spacing) than dimensions of the standard waveguides with a tapered waveguide section providing a transition. In one embodiment, the antenna operates with frequencies from 5.25 to 10.5 GHz.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Benjamin F. Walpole
  • Publication number: 20150070231
    Abstract: Substrate embedded horn antenna includes a dielectric, metal patterns, metal vias and a ground plate. The metal patterns are embedded by being stacked in dielectric. Metal patterns are hollow rectangle types or hollow circle types. Metal vias connect layers of metal patterns by being embedded between layers of metal patterns. Ground plate is formed in an upper side of dielectric. Metal patterns form waveguide structure by being stacked in radial shape. Waveguide structure propagates electromagnetic wave by focusing electromagnetic wave. Embedded horn antenna capable of selectively using vertical radiation and horizontal radiation may be implemented using the via and metal pattern in dielectric substrate. Embedded horn antenna may be implemented in small size with high gain. Vertical embedded horn antenna and horizontal embedded horn antenna may be implemented in a substrate. Method of manufacturing embedded horn antenna capable of selectively using vertical radiation and horizontal radiation may be provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Chul Soon PARK, Hong Yi Kim
  • Patent number: 8970441
    Abstract: Provided is an antenna apparatus which employs a small number of antenna devices and is intended to obtain a desired pattern without adjusting amplitude level and phase of each antenna device. The antenna apparatus includes a first ridge horn antenna, and a second ridge horn antenna spaced apart from the first ridge horn antenna by a determined distance. Here, a multi-beam pattern is generated using a third-order mode beam pattern of a synthetic beam obtained by synthesizing beams respectively radiated from the first and second ridge horn antennas. Accordingly, the antenna apparatus can be simplified, and a desired multi-beam pattern can be obtained without adjusting signal level and phase of each antenna device. Also, by employing the ridge horn antennas as array devices, the antenna apparatus can be used in a wide frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventors: So Hyeun Yun, Hong Yeol Lee, Chang Soo Kwak, Man Seok Uhm, Jang Sup Choi, In Bok Yom
  • Patent number: 8963791
    Abstract: A radio frequency (RF) horn can include an interior surface with an inner geometry comprising irregular, aperiodic corrugations and/or undulations. The pattern of the inner geometry can excite higher order modes simultaneously in two RF signals each at a different frequency that combine with fundamental modes of the signals to produce substantially Gaussian profiles of the two signals at the output aperture of the horn. Even though the signals are at different frequencies, the illumination pattern of both signals on a reflector antenna at which the horn is directed can be substantially the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: L-3 Communications Corp.
    Inventors: Richard G. Edwards, Rory K. Sorensen, Joseph M. Baird
  • Patent number: 8957820
    Abstract: An antenna element-waveguide converter includes an antenna substrate having, on one surface, an antenna element and rectangular metal plates arranged in a plurality of rows to surround this antenna element, and a waveguide having, at one end, an opening opposed to the one surface of the antenna substrate. Surfaces of the rectangular metal plates and the opening of the waveguide are arranged with a predetermined gap left therebetween in a direction perpendicular to the one surface of the antenna substrate. Thus arranging the antenna substrate and the waveguide avoids a stress due to assembly variations, which can achieve favorable antenna characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Atsushi Yamada
  • Patent number: 8957821
    Abstract: A dual-band feed horn having a connection surface configured for connection to a waveguide and a first surface coupled to the connection surface. The first surface has a cylindrical surface with a length and a first diameter chosen to propagate TE11 modes for both a low frequency band and a high frequency band. The horn has a bandwidth ratio of the high-frequency band to the low frequency band in the range of 1.6-4.0. The horn also has a substantially conical surface coupled to the first surface at a first slope discontinuity. The conical surface includes multiple surfaces each having a respective slope and coupled to adjacent surfaces by a respective plurality of slope discontinuities each having a respective diameter. The slopes and diameters are chosen to generate primarily TM1,m modes (m=1, 2, 3, etc.) in the high-frequency band and primarily higher order TE1,n modes (n=2, 3, etc.) in the low-frequency band such that the low frequency band and the high frequency band have approximately equal beam widths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Sudhakar K. Rao, Chih-Chien Hsu, Gerard J. Matyas
  • Patent number: 8947315
    Abstract: An antenna that resonates at each of at least operating two frequency bands includes a first LC parallel circuit having a first impedance between a feeding element and a feeding circuit, and a second LC parallel circuit having a second impedance between a parasitic element and ground. The feeding element and the parasitic element are configured such that multiple resonant frequencies are positioned between the two operating frequency bands in a case where the impedances of the first and second LC parallel circuits are set to 0, and the LC parallel circuits having the first and second impedances cause the multiple resonance frequencies to shift to an operating frequency band on the lower frequency side and to the higher frequency side, of the two operating frequency bands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kengo Onaka, Tsuyoshi Mukai, Munehisa Watanabe
  • Publication number: 20150029065
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a horn antenna device. The horn antenna device has a step-shaped signal feed-in apparatus and a conical horn antenna. The step-shaped signal feed-in apparatus has a stepped body having multiple stairs and a connecting pin. The stepped body is adapted to radiate electromagnetic waves and receive a reflection of the electromagnetic waves. According to the structure of the step-shaped signal feed-in apparatus of the invention, the resonating modes are easy to be determined. The directivity and the signal-to-noise rate are improved. In addition, the connecting pin is directly connected to the stairs for improving the signal stability of the horn antenna device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: FINETEK CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shu-Chien Cheng, I-Chu Lin, Yi-Yan Lee, Tzu-Chuan Tsai, Chao-Kai Cheng
  • Publication number: 20150024698
    Abstract: Apparatus is provided to allow the reception and/or transmission of data signals at two different frequency bands. The apparatus includes a waveguide (4) which has a first section (6) of larger cross sectional area for receiving and/or transmitting the lower frequency band signals, and a reducing section (8) which leads to a section with a reduced cross sectional area in comparison to the first section (6) and this allows the receipt of the higher frequency band signals. In one embodiment sections of the waveguide can be rotated to allow the apparatus to be adjusted to any particular orientation to suit the particular circular polarity trans mission type at the location at which the apparatus is provided at that time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: Pro Brand International (Europe) Limited
    Inventor: Matthew James Pike