Including Long Line Element Patents (Class 343/862)
  • Patent number: 11894622
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a module. The module includes an antenna structure. The antenna structure includes a printed monopole antenna. The antenna structure further includes first and second inductive-capacitive (LC) resonant networks that are coupled to the printed monopole antenna. The antenna structure further includes a double slotted loop coupled to the first and second LC resonant networks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2024
    Assignee: Silicon Laboratories Inc.
    Inventors: Tuomas Hänninen, Pasi Rahikkala, Attila Zolomy
  • Publication number: 20150061961
    Abstract: Disclosed is an antenna system and method to design a desensitized antenna element. The system and method are operative to design a configuration of an antenna to overcome a number of operational conditions in which the frequency response of the antenna element may be uniquely or significantly detuned or offset or in which undesired noise, signal interference, or electromagnetic coupling effects may affect or be induced by the antenna element. These operational conditions may include the presence of any combination of user body parts, conductive materials, or dielectric materials as well as neighboring electronic systems or other sources of undesired noise, signal interference, and electromagnetic coupling. The system is designed to mitigate adverse effects, when operating in a potentially antenna-detuning environment or under conditions that may affect other systems or be susceptible to being affected by other sources, by using a desensitizer element comprising at least one electrical circuit component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Yakup Bayram, Wladimiro Villarroel, Eric Walton
  • Publication number: 20140368403
    Abstract: An antenna including a substrate formed of a non-conductive material, a ground plane disposed on the substrate, a wideband element for coupling having one end connected to an edge of the ground plane and an elongate feed arm feeding the wideband element for coupling and having a maximum width of 1/100 of a predetermined wavelength, the predetermined wavelength being defined by formula (I) wherein ?p is the predetermined wavelength, f is a lowest operating frequency of the wideband element for coupling, ? is a permeability of the substrate, ?r is a relative bulk permittivity of the substrate, W is a width of a conductive trace disposed above the substrate and H is a thickness of the substrate, wherein formula (II).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Snir Azulay, Steve Krupa
  • Publication number: 20140152525
    Abstract: A transmission line has a triplate line including a first outer conductor and a second outer conductor disposed in parallel with each other at a predetermined interval, and a central conductor disposed in a space between the first outer conductor and the second outer conductor; and a dielectric spacer interposed between the first and second outer conductors and the central conductor and configured to support the central conductor. The central conductor has a supported portion supported by the dielectric spacer, and first and second high-impedance portions having characteristic impedances higher than a characteristic impedance in the supported portion. The first and second high-impedance portions are disposed on input and output sides, respectively, of the supported portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoki Iso, Nobuaki Kitano
  • Publication number: 20140132474
    Abstract: An antenna (1) including a dielectric substrate (10), an antenna element (11), a feed line (12), and a ground plate (13) is configured such that the feed line (12) and the ground plate (13) which face each other via the dielectric substrate (10) constitute a microstrip line which functions as a BRF.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2014
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: FUJIKURA LTD.
    Inventor: Ning Guan
  • Patent number: 8704714
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a dielectric sheet, and an antenna structure. The antenna structure comprises a first conductive portion located on an exterior surface of the dielectric sheet and a second conductive portion buried in the dielectric sheet and configured for coupling to a return portion of the wireless communication circuit. The second conductive portion includes a plane area adjacent to the first conductive portion in a region proximal to the feed portion and separated from the first conductive portion by a portion of the dielectric sheet, a curved transition portion, the transition portion including a lateral width that tapers along the length of the second conductive portion, and a distal portion comprising two parallel conductive strips, the distal portion electrically coupled to the plane area via the curved transition portion, wherein the parallel conductive strips are thinner in lateral width than the plane area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Digi International Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Wayne Ridgeway
  • Patent number: 8674890
    Abstract: A communication device is presented that has an antenna structure with a relatively short length and covers multiple resonances including the UHF and the GPS bands. The antenna structure has a conductive base to which a whip antenna is connected through a helical radiating element. A cylindrical sheath capacitively connected to the helical element provides distributed impedance matching for the antenna structure. A monopole or another helical element provides higher resonance than that of the whip antenna or connected helical element. If the higher resonance is provided by a monopole, the monopole is disposed radially adjacent to the helical element and is capacitively connected with the helical element through an opening in the sheath. If the higher resonance is provided by a helical element, the helical element is capacitively or galvanically connected to the end of the whip antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Motorola Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Giorgi Bit-Babik, Antonio Faraone
  • Patent number: 8576125
    Abstract: An approximately planar wideband antenna can include a first conductive portion coupled to a dielectric portion and mechanically supported by the dielectric portion, the first conductive portion including at least one edge corresponding to a planar conic section, such as including one or more of an elliptic, a parabolic, or a hyperbolic shape. Such an antenna can be electrically coupled to a matching circuit, the matching circuit configured provide a specified input impedance corresponding to a specified range of frequencies. Such a range of frequencies can span at least an octave, or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Digi International Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Wayne Ridgeway
  • Patent number: 8462074
    Abstract: A planar antenna disposed on a plate having a first surface and a second surface is provided. The planar antenna includes a metal layer, an antenna body, a stepped impedance device, a coupling device and a matching device. The metal layer is disposed on the first surface and has a slot line exposing the first surface. The antenna body, the stepped impedance device, the coupling device and the matching device are disposed on the second surface. The antenna body is corresponding to a surrounding of the metal layer except a feed end thereof, the stepped impedance device and the matching device are corresponding to the metal layer, and the coupling device is corresponding to the slot line. The matching device is coupled between the coupling device and the feed end. The stepped impedance device has a transmission zero in a radio frequency band operated by the antenna body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: ASUSTeK Computer Inc.
    Inventors: Ming-Iu Lai, Hung-Hsiang Chen, Yang-Po Chiu, Chun-Hsiung Wang
  • Patent number: 8427337
    Abstract: A planar dipole antenna is described. The antenna may include a ground element, a feed point, a matching element, and first and second radiating elements disposed on a substrate, and a feed point. The ground element may have a substantially rectangular shape and the feed point may be arranged adjacent to the ground element. The matching element may be connected to the feed point and may include a central bar connected to a first and second arm. The first and second arms may be substantially symmetrically disposed on the substrate in respect to the central bar. The first and second radiating elements may have substantially trapezoidal shapes and may be extend from the first and second arms of the matching element, respectively. The first and second radiating elements may be substantially symmetrically disposed on the substrate in respect to the central bar of the matching element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Aclara RF Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Wilbur, James R. Pollock, Justin M. Hennigan
  • Patent number: 8421682
    Abstract: An apparatus including a cover defining an exterior surface of the apparatus and including a first conductive cover portion; an antenna, connected to a feed point and configured to operate in at least a first resonant frequency band; a first conductive member; a second conductive member; and wherein the first and second conductive members are configured to couple with the first conductive cover portion, the combination of the first and second conductive members and the first conductive cover portion are operable in a second resonant frequency band, different to the first resonant frequency band and are configured to be contactlessly fed by the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Nokia Corporation
    Inventors: Bjarne Nielsen, Richard Breiter, Jens Troelsen, Alexandre Pinto
  • Publication number: 20120044122
    Abstract: A broadband antenna is disclosed. The disclosed antenna may include: a substrate; an impedance matching/feeding unit, arranged on the substrate and comprising a first matching member and a second matching member configured to perform impedance matching through a coupling method; a radiating member electrically connected to the impedance matching/feeding unit; and a signal line electrically connected to the second matching member. Here, the signal line is implemented in the form of an electrical loop.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2010
    Publication date: February 23, 2012
    Applicant: ACE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sung-Nam An, Bo-Sung Kwon, Hae-Yeon Kim, Jae-Ho Lee, Byong-Nam Kim
  • Patent number: 8106847
    Abstract: A communication circuit is provided with an antenna section, such as a nonresonant antenna, and a matching section which connects with the antenna section and adjusts impedance, for example. The matching section has a transmission line, and the electric length and characteristic impedance of the transmission line are determined based on the frequency or the frequency band in which the antenna section and the transmission line resonate. For example, since it is not necessary to unite resonance frequency with center frequency if it is a nonresonant antenna, it becomes possible to attain the miniaturization of an antenna. Wide band-ization is realizable by changing the characteristic impedance of the transmission line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignees: Kyushu University, National University Corporation, Fukuoka Industry, Science and Technology Foundation
    Inventors: Keiji Yoshida, Haruichi Kanaya
  • Patent number: 8026859
    Abstract: A dual- or quad-ridged horn antenna with an embedded impedance matching network is provided herein. According to one embodiment, the horn antenna may include at least one pair of ridges arranged opposite one another for guiding an electromagnetic wave there between. A transmission line is coupled to a first one of the ridges for supplying power to, or receiving a signal from, a feed region of the horn antenna. To reduce impedance mismatches between the transmission line and the ridges, an impedance matching network is embedded within a second one of the ridges at the feed point. The impedance matching network reduces impedance mismatch and extends the operational frequency range of the horn antenna by providing a sufficient amount of series capacitance between the transmission line and the ridges at the feed region. As set forth herein, the impedance matching network is preferably implemented as an open-circuit transmission line stub or capacitive stub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: TDK Corporation
    Inventor: James S. McLean
  • Publication number: 20110181487
    Abstract: A multi band internal antenna is disclosed. The antenna may include a board, an impedance matching/feeding part formed on the board, and a first radiation element joined to the impedance matching/feeding part, where the impedance matching/feeding part may include: a first matching element of a particular length that is coupled to a ground, and a second matching element of a particular length that is arranged with a distance from the first matching element and is electrically coupled to a feeding point, and where the distance between the first matching element and the second matching element may vary partially. Thus, a multi band internal antenna can be provided that utilizes coupling matching to achieve wide-band characteristics even for multi-band designs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2009
    Publication date: July 28, 2011
    Applicant: ACE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Byong-Nam Kim, Young-Hoon Shin
  • Publication number: 20110156981
    Abstract: An approximately planar wideband antenna can include a first conductive portion coupled to a dielectric portion and mechanically supported by the dielectric portion, the first conductive portion including at least one edge corresponding to a planar conic section, such as including one or more of an elliptic, a parabolic, or a hyperbolic shape. Such an antenna can be electrically coupled to a matching circuit, the matching circuit configured provide a specified input impedance corresponding to a specified range of frequencies. Such a range of frequencies can span at least an octave, or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Applicant: Digi International Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Wayne Ridgeway
  • Patent number: 7808444
    Abstract: A system includes a first matching network having a first impedance and a second matching network having a second impedance, where the second impedance is different than the first impedance. The system further includes a switching connector having first and second switching positions, where when the switching connector is in the first switching position an input terminal is connected through the first matching network to a first antenna and where when the switching connector is in the second switching position the input terminal is connected through the second matching network to a second antenna and the first antenna is connected to ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Assignee: Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB
    Inventors: Joakim Eriksson, Filip Jorgensen
  • Patent number: 7245876
    Abstract: A system and method for implementing a wireless communications link between two equipment envelopes through inductive coupling include two “U” shaped inductors. Wireless communications is achieved via mutual inductance between the two inductors. Circuitry is provided, which enables the transmitter to determine if a receiver is within communications range. When the two envelopes are aligned, a dual-gap toroidal core is formed, in which the gaps have opposite polarity. The opposing polarity of the two gaps minimizes the far field signature of the transmitter/receiver pair, thus enhancing communication security.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventor: Clifford Hessel
  • Patent number: 7088307
    Abstract: In an antenna matching circuit including a parallel resonant section connected to a radiation element constituting an antenna, the parallel resonant section includes a series resonant portion composed of an inductance component and a capacitance component. The series resonant portion realizes antenna matching and band widening. The parallel resonant section can be inserted in a feeder line connected to the radiation element or inserted in a GND line connected to the radiation element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Taiyo Yuden Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tatsuya Imaizumi
  • Patent number: 6970136
    Abstract: An antenna apparatus coupled to a feeding point arranged on a cavity is disclosed. The apparatus includes a linear element extending from the feeding point and having a physical length that is shorter than a one-quarter wavelength. A half-wave antenna element is connected to an end of the linear element. The apparatus also includes a metal conductor piece including a connecting point between the linear element and the half-wave antenna element and located close to one surface of the cavity. The linear element includes a first portion extending in a first direction opposite to that of the half-wave element from the feeding point and in parallel with one surface of the cavity and a second portion extending in a second direction, which is equal to a direction in which the half-wave antenna element extends, and in parallel with one surface of the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Shuichi Sekine, Hiroshi Watanabe, Motoji Noda, Noriaki Odachi
  • Patent number: 6903697
    Abstract: Film antennas which are stuck to a front glass of a vehicle is of such a structure that a plurality of antenna elements are formed on a film substrates. Amplifiers are disposed at pillar parts, and in the vicinity of power supply points to the antenna elements grounding to a high-frequency component by high-frequency grounding members are carried out. The high-frequency grounding members can be fixed simply by sticking them on a coating film etc. for covering an exterior part of a vehicle body, and a work of peeling the coating film becomes unnecessary, and therefore, it is possible to easily carry out a work which comes up with antenna installation to a vehicle. Grounding to a direct current component is carried out, away from the power supply points through DC earth in the vicinity of a selector and a receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Assignee: Fujitsu Ten Limited
    Inventor: Kazushige Ogino
  • Patent number: 6718157
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for commonly using an antenna for a call signal and a television (TV) broadcasting signal in a radio communication terminal including an antenna, a phone duplexer, a TV tuner, an LC parallel circuit, connected between the antenna and the phone duplexer, for forming an LC resonance circuit for a call signal frequency band, an LC series circuit connected to a connected point of the LC parallel circuit and the antenna and to a DC power supply terminal, a stub for impedance matching one terminal of which is connected between a capacitor and an inductor of the LC series circuit and the other terminal of which is connected to the TV tuner, and a path providing section for providing a path between a connected point of the stub and the TV tuner and a ground terminal in accordance with a switching control signal provided according to a TV or call operating mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2004
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Teak-Kyun Choi
  • Patent number: 6661382
    Abstract: An antenna apparatus coupled to a feeding point arranged on a cavity is disclosed. The apparatus includes a linear element extending from the feeding point and having a physical length that is shorter than a one-quarter wavelength. A half-wave antenna element is connected to an end of the linear element. The apparatus also includes a metal conductor piece including a connecting point between the linear element and the half-wave antenna element and located close to one surface of the cavity. The linear element includes a first portion extending in a first direction opposite to that of the half-wave element from the feeding point and in parallel with one surface of the cavity and a second portion extending in a second direction, which is equal to a direction in which the half-wave antenna element extends, and in parallel with one surface of the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Shuichi Sekine, Hiroshi Watanabe, Motoji Noda, Noriaki Odachi
  • Patent number: 6597318
    Abstract: A printed circuit antenna with broadband input coupling is disclosed. An elongated conductive antenna element arranged in the form of a loop is disposed on a dielectric substrate formed on a ground plane. The antenna element has first and second adjacent end portions separated by a gap. The second end portion is connected to the ground plane. An input coupler is provided for matching an input impedance of the antenna to the antenna feed circuitry. The input coupler can comprise a conductive line disposed on the substrate adjacent to the antenna element. The conductive line is separated from the antenna element by a coupling space for coupling to the antenna element an input signal applied to the input coupler. The conductive line extends parallel to a portion of the antenna element including the first end portion. The arrangement has the advantage of having an input impedance that is relatively insensitive to adjustments affecting the antenna center frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Francis Parsche, William D. Killen, Randy T. Pike
  • Patent number: 6335664
    Abstract: A circuit assembly having a thin and large-area dielectric substrate and improved grounding. To make the assembly, a circuit board comprising the substrate, and a circuit pattern and a metal layer that are formed on respective sides of the substrate. A bath of conductive bonding material (e.g., a low melting point solder) is made inside a tray-like metal chassis of the assembly. The circuit board is floated on the bath and excessive portion of the conductive material is absorbed. A branch circuit for branching a first path into at least two second paths is provided by mainly using impedance transformers but by using fewest possible stub(s). Also, the elements are arranged in symmetry around the axis through the first path. This yields a wide operating frequency band. A waveguide-microstrip line transition that is easy to work and low in transition loss is provided by shaping the wider walls of the ridge waveguide so as to spread out toward the end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2002
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ushio Sangawa, Suguru Fujita
  • Publication number: 20010015702
    Abstract: A testing apparatus for testing mobile telephones includes an antenna coupler, a holder and a testing device. The antenna coupler includes a printed circuit board upon one side of which is formed a slot antenna operative in a first frequency range and a dipole antenna operative in a second frequency range. The holder secures a mobile telephone under test in proximity to the antenna coupler. A coupler formed on a second side of the printed circuit board selectively supplies signals received by one of the antenna elements to the testing device. The testing device measures transmission and reception characteristics of the mobile telephone under test, including transmission phase error, frequency error, power and spectrum, and bit error rate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2001
    Publication date: August 23, 2001
    Inventor: Andreas Hofmann
  • Patent number: 6204816
    Abstract: An antenna assembly has a shaft element with first and second ends. The antenna assembly also has a tube-like element disposed about the first end of the shaft element which tube-like element acts as a matching structure for the antenna assembly and strengthens and rigidifies the antenna assembly to resist bending of the shaft element proximate to the first end thereof. The antenna assembly further has a dielectric material disposed between the tube-like element and the shaft element at the first end. Moreover, the antenna assembly may be combined with a housing to form a radio-communication assembly, the housing having a surface with an edge, the tube-like element acting as a matching structure and strengthening and rigidifying the antenna assembly to resist bending of the shaft element at a fulcrum defined by the edge. Furthermore, a method reconfiguring an antenna on a radio-communication assembly is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: Ericsson, Inc.
    Inventors: James D. MacDonald, Jr., Gerard James Hayes, John Michael Spall
  • Patent number: 5977841
    Abstract: An RF connector comprising a coaxial transmission structure that transmits RF power at RF and microwave frequencies through a dielectric seal. Portions of the connector on either side of the seal do not make metal to metal contact. The connector has input and output connector portions having outer conductors coaxially disposed around inner conductors with dielectric material disposed therebetween. Impedance matching transition portions abut each side of the dielectric seal that have a relatively large diameter adjacent the dielectric seal that transitions to a relatively small diameter distal from the dielectric seal. Tapered and stepped impedance matching transition portions may be employed. A shunt capacitance is disposed approximately one quarter wavelength from each side of the dielectric seal in the stepped transition version. RF energy transmitted by way of the input connector portion is capacitively coupled through the dielectric seal to the output connector portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: J. J. Lee, Donald Charlton, William L. Lange
  • Patent number: 5635943
    Abstract: A transceiver (10) having a retractable antenna (12) that substantially reduces interference when the antenna is in a retracted position. The transceiver (10) includes transceiver circuitry (T), operating at a predetermined frequency, electrically connected to the retractable antenna (12). The retractable antenna (12) includes two antenna elements (20, 22). A first antenna element (20) comprises a whip antenna element, movable within a conductive tube (14) housed within a cellular telephone case (C). A second antenna element (22) comprises a helical coil antenna element extending from the whip antenna element (20) and located outside the case (C). In the retracted position, a first contact assembly (76) contacts the whip antenna element (20). The first contact assembly (76) is electrically connected to the transceiver circuitry (T) through a conductor (96) which is a predetermined multiple of a quarter wavelength at the predetermined frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: Matsushita Communication Industrial Corp. of America
    Inventor: Randall L. Grunwell
  • Patent number: 5565881
    Abstract: An electrical connection between a balanced circuit, such as a radio receiver and an unbalanced circuit, such as an antenna requires a balun. In a small electronic device such as a radiotelephone, a traditional balun is impractical because of the physical constraints. The balun function is performed by using a transmission line of minimum transverse dimensions and a predetermined length between the receiver and the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: James P. Phillips, Louis J. Vannatta
  • Patent number: 5467097
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the constitution of an antenna for portable wireless apparatus, and has an object to provide an antenna unit capable of operating satisfactorily when the antenna element is extended out of the case and stowed in the case as well. A portion of the antenna element not stowed in an antenna stowage pipe when the antenna is pushed into the plastic case, functions as a radiation element. A portion of the antenna element and an antenna stowage pipe produced of a metal for stowing this portion constitute an impedance stub circuit. Antenna impedances of the antenna element in the extended and stowage positions as well can be made approximately the same by properly setting the length of the antenna element which is stowed in the antenna stowage pipe and the length of the portion not stowed in the stowage pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yoshio Toko
  • Patent number: 5392055
    Abstract: A radio antenna which takes the form of a flexible elongated transmission cable. This cable encloses a pair of conductors which are insulated from each other. The cable is encased in an electrically conductive sheath. The received signal is picked up by the sheath and transmitted through an impedance matching network and into the pair of conductors. The length of the sheath is correlated to a preselected fractional value of the wavelength of the received signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1995
    Assignee: Recoton Inc.
    Inventors: Peter A. Madnick, Richard J. Kaufman
  • Patent number: 5365244
    Abstract: An antenna element for radiating electromagnetic signals having a first and a second generally C-shaped groundplane that are formed of conductive material. The groundplanes are connected to one another and define a notch which has one end that is open to free space. An elongated section of transmission line is disposed between the two groundplanes. The transmission line has a source receiving end connectable to a signal source and also has a feed end opposite to the source receiving end. A segment which acts as a transformer is located within the notch. The transformer segment has a first end that is connectable to the feed end of the transmission line and has a second end which faces the notch open end.Preferably, at least one transformer step is located along the transmission line between the source receiving end and the feed end. Also, an open circuit section of transmission line is preferably connected to the transformer segment second end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1994
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation
    Inventors: James B. Yon, Timothy G. Waterman
  • Patent number: 5359335
    Abstract: An automobile antenna including an antenna element which receives both AM and FM broadcast bands and is mounted on a vehicle body and a feeder cable having one end thereof connected to a feeding point of the antenna element and the other end to a receiver set, the feeder cable being set so that its electrical length is an integral multiple of 1/2 the wavelength of the FM broadcast band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: Harada Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yoshimi Egashira, Masaki Shinkawa
  • Patent number: 5233360
    Abstract: A matching device for an antenna in which is interposed between an antenna of narrow frequency band and a feeding line so as to match the antenna and the feeding line over a wide band, includes a high impedance line of a first predetermined length provided at the antenna side and a low impedance line of a second predetermined length provided at the feeding line side that are connected in series, whereby the matching device can be made small in size and simple in construction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1993
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichi Kuroda, Ichiro Toriyama, Noboru Ono, Koji Maruyama
  • Patent number: 5068670
    Abstract: A broadband microwave antenna exhibiting high radiation efficiency over a broad frequency band in which the VSWR is less than 2.5:1 over at least 15% of the frequency band, includes a ground plane at one side of a dielectric substrate and formed with at least one slot, and a feed strip at the other side of the substrate. The feed strip is of uniform width for substantially its complete length, but includes a change in width at the feed end of the slot to produce a first impedance matching network effective to bring the slot impedance to the level of the feed line over the broad frequency band, and another change in width at the load end of the slot to produce a second impedance matching network which reduces the slot reactance to match the reactive impedance of the load to the reactive part of the slot impedance over the broad frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1991
    Inventor: Joseph Maoz
  • Patent number: 5049892
    Abstract: The pane antenna system has a plurality of antennas arranged on a non-conductive sheet installed in a metal body of a motor vehicle. Each antenna includes antenna conductors secured on the non-conductive sheet and connected to an input terminal of an assigned four-terminal network. The four-terminal networks are located on or in the proximity of the non-conductive sheet in the metal vehicle body. The other input terminal of respective networks is directly connected with an output terminal of the network. The other output terminal is connected via a high-frequency output line to a collecting or interconnecting region for output signals of all four-terminal networks. From the interconnection region all signals are fed via a single cable strand to a receiver. The cable strand includes a plurality of transmission lines, preferably in the form of coaxial cables, and defines an initial portion bridging the interconnection region on the non-conductive sheet and a ground point on the metal vehicle body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1991
    Assignee: Hans Kolbe & Co. Nachrichtenubertragungstechnik
    Inventors: Heinz Lindenmeier, Gerhard Flachenecker, deceased
  • Patent number: 4988961
    Abstract: A technique and arrangement for lowering the mismatch normally obtained, thereby increasing the bandwidth, in a standard rectangular-to-coaxial waveguide "T" junction coupling in an antenna system, such arrangement including, in a T-junction of a coaxial transmission line to a waveguide transmission line in which measured impedance values in the range of approximate 30 MHz in the UHF band must be within a 1.1:1 circle of voltage standing wave ratio, the improvement which achieves minimal reflection over said range of frequencies, according to which a diconical slug is connected between an upper and lower portion of the coaxial transmission line and mounted for support within the structure of the waveguide transmission line, and in which said diconical slug includes back-to-back conical sections such that the large diameter rims of the sections confront each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 29, 1991
    Assignee: General Signal Corporation
    Inventor: John L. Schadler
  • Patent number: 4963879
    Abstract: An omindirectional antenna includes one or more dipole radiators. Each dipole radiator comprises a first and second cylindrical radiating element. Each radiating element includes an end plate for mounting the radiating element coaxially on a tubular mast. The cylindrical radiating elements, end plates and tubular mast are all DC connected. A feed line is provided which may extend through the center of the mast and exit at an opening for connection to a secondary feed line. The secondary feed line is connected to an end of one of the cylindrical radiating elements of each pair of elements for each dipole radiator. The feed line is connected to the end of the cylindrical radiating element opposite the end plate. The configuration of the dipole radiators is such that the radiator functions an an RF choke for the adjacent radiators. An additional single cylindrical element can be provided at the end of a plurality of dipole radiators to provide RF choking for the immediately adjacent dipole radiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 16, 1990
    Assignee: Alliance Telecommunications Corp.
    Inventor: Johnathan Lin
  • Patent number: 4755345
    Abstract: A resonant double loop radio frequency (rf) antenna for radiating high-power rf energy into a magnetically confined plasma. An inductive element in the form of a large current strap, forming the radiating element, is connected between two variable capacitors to form a resonant circuit. A real input impedance results from tapping into the resonant circuit along the inductive element, generally near the midpoint thereof. The impedance can be matched to the source impedance by adjusting the separate capacitors for a given tap arrangement or by keeping the two capacitances fixed and adjustng the tap position. This results in a substantial reduction in the voltage and current in the transmission system to the antenna compared to unmatched antennas. Because the complete circuit loop consisting of the two capacitors and the inductive element is resonant, current flows in the same direction along the entire length of the radiating element and is approximately equal in each branch of the circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Frederick W. Baity, Jr., Daniel J. Hoffman, Thomas L. Owens
  • Patent number: 4521784
    Abstract: An improved ground-plane antenna with a quarterwave resonant radiating rod (1) made of a hollow tube in which a central earthing rod (7) is arranged to form with the internal cylindrical wall of the radiating rod a line section short-circuited at the upper end, and a further line section (16) open at the lower end is arranged in the extension of the short-circuited line section to form a combined tapped line section therewith having an electrical length substantially equal to the quarterwavelength, in which the combined line section is coupled with its tapping points in parallel to the input terminals of the antenna, whereby the susceptance represented by the combined line section is capable of compensating the changes of the antenna reactance within a fairly wide band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1985
    Assignee: Budapesti Radiotechnikai Gyar
    Inventor: Mihaly Nemet
  • Patent number: 4439772
    Abstract: A half wave antenna that is physically shortened by incorporating one or more inductors which are formed by convoluting a portion of the antenna wire and wrapping the convoluted section in a spiral.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1984
    Inventor: Gerald W. Van Kol
  • Patent number: 4438437
    Abstract: A printed circuit board includes first and second antenna elements spaced less than one-quarter wavelength apart and preferably one-eighth wavelength apart. Matching circuitry printed on the circuit board connects the elements to a quadrature coupler. The circuit board is foam encased in a blade-shaped fiberglass radome. The antenna radiates two independent null-free patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1984
    Assignee: Hazeltine Corporation
    Inventor: Patricia L. Burgmyer
  • Patent number: 3987453
    Abstract: An apertured metallic ground plate antenna element having a high input impedance is driven from a lower impedance input transmission line by means of an exciter that provides broadband impedance transformation. The input transmission line is divided into two higher impedance feed lines that feed two parallel plate transmission lines. The parallel plate transmission lines are positioned in close proximity to the element aperture and are oriented to provide antenna excitation in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1975
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventor: Alfred R. Lopez
  • Patent number: 3972049
    Abstract: An asymmetrically fed electric microstrip dipole antenna consisting of a n electrically conducting, rectangular-shaped element formed on one surface of a dielectric substrate, the ground plane being on the opposite surface. The length of the element determines the resonant frequency. The feed point is located along the centerline of the antenna length and the input impedance can be varied by moving the feed point along the centerline from the center point to the end of the antenna without affecting the radiation pattern. The antenna bandwidth increases with the width of the element and spacing between the element and ground plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Cyril M. Kaloi