Abstract: Locality based morphing in a computer graphics system provides efficient techniques for simulating or animating position-based changes including but not limited to deformations. Two models are provided: a model unaffected by a destructive or other process, and a further model that has been totally affected by the process. Position information is used to specify particular parts of the model to morph. Morphing is selectively applied on a spatially localized basis so that only parts of the object are morphed whereas other parts of the object remain unmorphed. Such techniques can be used for example to simulate or animate progressive damage to a target such as an enemy robot.
Abstract: An information presentation apparatus creates a three-dimensional animation of a specific object in a three-dimensional virtual space on the basis of the human characteristic of paying more attention to a moving object. A user's attention can be drawn to a specific object, such as a destination building, in the virtual space displayed on the screen. Irrespective of whether the specific object is selected by the user or designated at the system side to which the user's attention is to be drawn, the user can easily detect the attention-drawing object.
Abstract: A method of control of playback of motion for playing back motion of a character more realistically, including determining a motion playback routine in accordance with a value of a parameter expressing the condition of the character, for example, a stress value reflecting the cumulative amount of a plurality of instances of damage and being restored along with the elapse of time after damage is sustained, when a factor affecting movement of the character or an incident in the game arises due to another game element during the playback of the motion of the character, for example, when being attacked by another character; playing back new motion in accordance with the determined routine; and playing back motions B and C based on motion data stored in advance when the stress value is “large” or “intermediate” and combining the motion data defining the motion being played back and other motion data stored in advance when the stress value is “small”.
Abstract: A method for controlling and automatically animating lip synchronization and facial expressions of three dimensional animated characters using weighted morph targets and time aligned phonetic transcriptions of recorded text. The method utilizes a set of rules that determine the systems output comprising a stream of morph weight sets when a sequence of timed phonemes and/or other timed data is encountered. Other data, such as timed emotional state data or emotemes such as “surprise, “disgust, “embarrassment”, “timid smile”, or the like, may be inputted to affect the output stream of morph weight sets, or create additional streams.
Abstract: A video game apparatus includes an external ROM. This external ROM is previously memorized with player object data, basic shadow object data and light object data. A direction in which a shadow is thrown is determined according to the player object data and the light object data, to thereby determine a length of each leg of the player object. Based on the length of the leg and the height of the light, a length of the shadow is determined. Based on the height of each leg, a depth of the shadow is determined. A shape of a displaying shadow object is determined from a state of a ground object to which the shadow is thrown.
Abstract: A method of geometric morphing between a first object having a first shape and a second object having a second shape. The method includes the steps of generating a first Delaunay complex corresponding to the first shape and a second Delaunay complex corresponding to the second shape and generating a plurality of intermediary Delaunay complexes defined by a continuous family of mixed shapes corresponding to a mixing of the first shape and the second shape. The method further includes the steps of constructing a first skin corresponding to the first Delaunay complex and a second skin corresponding to the second Delaunay complex and constructing a plurality of intermediary skins corresponding to the plurality of intermediary Delaunay complexes. The first skin, second skin and plurality of intermediary skins may be visually displayed on an output device.
Abstract: The present invention provides methods and apparatus for creating lifelike digital representations of three-dimensional objects. Steps and means are described by which an animator may efficiently select and combine a plurality of animated objects to generate a new animated objects. According to the present invention, an animator may store a plurality of object shapes. To minimize storage, all of the object shapes are stored solely as differences from a base object. To form a new object, an animator may select from the database a number of objects with the desired characteristics and these objects will be blended with one another to create a new object with features that are a combination of the selected objects. The extent to which a selected object is incorporated into the new object may be selected by the animator by assigning each selected object with a weight.