Special Effects Patents (Class 352/85)
  • Patent number: 10317778
    Abstract: This invention concerns a method of filming a subjected to be projected as a Pepper's Ghost image. The method may comprise filming a subject under a lighting arrangement having one or more front lights for illuminating a front of a subject and one or more backlights. The lights may be controlled such that the total brightness of the one or more front lights, as measured of the subject, is less than or approximately the same as the total brightness of the one or more backlights, as measured at the subject. The subject may be located directly above one or more floor lights such the subject is illuminated from below by the one or more floor lights. The lights may comprise one or more LEDs. A drop-off distance of the front lights may be less than a distance between the front lights and a backscreen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: Holicom Film Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Ley, Ian Christopher O'Connell, Bruce Finn
  • Patent number: 10027923
    Abstract: The present invention discloses methods and system of recording and faithfully reproducing sensations in 3D. The parameters of the recording includes the target volume where the cause of all recorded sensation originate, the observation volume where all supported observers are situated and other positions, orientations, and other situations of the observer are specified. The method of recording and reproducing sensations faithfully in 3D with the additional capability of searching for positions and situations in which an observer may feel a specified sensation. The waxel means to support the recording, reproduction and searching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Inventor: Huan Chang
  • Patent number: 9931425
    Abstract: A system to provide scents includes a scent receiver to replaceable receive scent carriers that carry scent media, a scent actuator operable to controllable release scent, and a configurable circulation subsystem. Peltier devices may used to induce active heating and active cooling of scent media according to defined scent sequence information or scent tracks. The system is also operable to collect air, including scents, from an ambient environment, and temporarily retaining such for sampling by a user. Scent tracks may be defined and shared amongst users and other entities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignees: VAPOR COMMUNICATIONS, INC., PRESIDENT AND FELLOWS OF HARVARD COLLEGE
    Inventors: David A. Edwards, Rachel Diane Field, Amy Michelle Yin, Eyal Shahar
  • Patent number: 9804398
    Abstract: A head-mounted display includes a playback processor which plays back a moving image from first time until second time, a box for placing a container containing a perfume inside, a filled section which is temporarily filled with the perfume and emits the temporarily filled perfume according to starting playback of the moving image, and a tubular vent hole which is in contact with a nose of a user when the user wears the head-mounted display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CORPORATION OF AMERICA
    Inventors: Yasuhito Watanabe, Taiji Sasaki
  • Patent number: 9662391
    Abstract: Combination therapeutics, computer program products, and systems are described that include at least one combined prescription psychiatric medication and at least one artificial sensory experience for ameliorating at least one side effect of the psychiatric medication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: The Invention Science Fund I LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Eric C. Leuthardt, Royce A. Levien, Robert W. Lord, Mark A. Malamud, Elizabeth A. Sweeney, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 9560967
    Abstract: Apparatus and systems are described that include physical media related to accepting at least one attribute associated with an individual from a licensed health care provider and/or presenting an output of an artificial sensory experience associated with a request to measure at least one effect of a bioactive agent on the attribute associated with individual.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: The Invention Science Fund I LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Eric C. Leuthardt, Royce A. Levien, Robert W. Lord, Mark A. Malamud, Elizabeth A. Sweeney, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 9442361
    Abstract: The present invention provides an additional effect system and method, the additional effect system including: a plurality of projection surfaces installed in a single theater; and an additional effect device for implementing an additional effect other than images projected on the plurality of projection surfaces, wherein the additional effect device provides the additional effect depending the images projected on the plurality of projection surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: CJ CGV CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hwan Chul Kim, Su Ryeon Kang
  • Patent number: 9405135
    Abstract: Apparatuses and methods of shuttering glasses are disclosed. One apparatus includes a first lens operable to blank for a first blocking time, a second lens operable to blank for a second blocking time, and a controller for controllably setting at least one of the first blocking time and the second blocking time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: IpVenture, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Sweis, Vivian Liane Rice, David Chao, Zhiyang Guo
  • Patent number: 9282927
    Abstract: Methods, computer program products, and systems are described that include measuring at least one effect of a combined bioactive agent and artificial sensory experience on an individual and/or modifying at least one of the bioactive agent or the artificial sensory experience at least partially based on the at least one effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Invention Science Fund I, LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Eric C. Leuthardt, Royce A. Levien, Robert W. Lord, Mark A. Malamud, Elizabeth A. Sweeney, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 9204141
    Abstract: An eyewear device which adjusts a transmitted light amount to a left eye and a right eye of a viewer to perform an assistance operation, which assists the viewer in viewing images so that the viewer stereoscopically perceives the images, comprising: a receiver configured to receive a synchronization signal in synchronization with display of the images; and a controller which analyzes a signal configuration of the synchronization signal after power supply is started for the assistance operation, and switches a control mode between a first control mode and a second control mode, which is different from the first control mode, based on an analysis result of the signal configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuo Saigo, Kazuhiro Mihara, Masashi Imai, Norikazu Kaneshiro
  • Patent number: 9082222
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method is provided for physical face cloning to generate a synthetic skin. Rather than attempt to reproduce the mechanical properties of biological tissue, an output-oriented approach is utilized that models the synthetic skin as an elastic material with isotropic and homogeneous properties (e.g., silicone rubber). The method includes capturing a plurality of expressive poses from a human subject and generating a computational model based on one or more material parameters of a material. In one embodiment, the computational model is a compressible neo-Hookean material model configured to simulate deformation behavior of the synthetic skin. The method further includes optimizing a shape geometry of the synthetic skin based on the computational model and the captured expressive poses. An optimization process is provided that varies the thickness of the synthetic skin based on a minimization of an elastic energy with respect to rest state positions of the synthetic skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignees: DISNEY ENTERPRISES, INC., ETH ZURICH (EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZURICH)
    Inventors: Bernd Bickel, Peter Kaufmann, Bernhard Thomaszewski, Derek Edward Bradley, Philip John Jackson, Stephen R. Marschner, Wojciech Matusik, Markus Gross, Thabo Dominik Beeler
  • Publication number: 20140340647
    Abstract: The present invention provides a multi-projection system and method including direction-changeable audience seats, and the multi-projection system includes a plurality of projection surfaces installed in a single theater; and an audience seat whose direction is changed depending on images projected on the plurality of projection surfaces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Hwan Chul Kim, Su Ryeon Kang
  • Patent number: 8804093
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing movement to seating including theater seating generate complex motion responses in the seating by automatically analyzing an audio component of media being consumed for one or more aspects of the audio information contained in the audio component at certain frequencies or frequency ranges. The aspects analyzed include aspects relating to frequencies and frequency ranges substantially higher than the low-frequency signals used to drive motion of theater seating. From the analysis of the audio aspects contained in the audio component, a plurality of independent low-frequency output signals is generated. The plurality of independent low-frequency output signals is directed to a plurality of individual actuators incorporated into different locations in a seat to provide sensations of motion at different locations of the seat, such as at a seat location, at a lower back location, and at an upper back location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventors: Levoy Haight, J. Ken Barton, David J. Havell, Aaron Michael Best, Trent Lawrence Rolf, Mark Myers
  • Patent number: 8668884
    Abstract: The present invention provides the identification codes to the plurality of smell information and databases them, making it possible to identify the information on each smell and adds the smell data and smell reproducing information for at least one smell to the media data, making it possible to provide the contents with the plurality of smell reproducing information. Further, the smell diffusing apparatus includes the plurality of smell diffusing components to combine at least two smell diffusing components corresponding to the smell data and discharge them to the outside such that it can reproduce complex smells, thereby making it possible to effectively process a plurality of smell information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventors: Myungeun Kim, Hyoungsun Kim
  • Patent number: 8282214
    Abstract: A display system for use in winter and other low temperature venues. The system includes a projection screen generation assembly that includes a snow making machine. The snow making machine receives an input flow of a liquid, such as water plus one or more additives to increase opacity and/or reflectivity of the snowflakes. The machine forms snow from the input flow and discharges a volume of flowing snow as a sheet or curtain providing a projection screen. The system includes a high-brightness projector directing light onto the projection screen to provide an image on surfaces of the flowing snow. In some embodiments, the snow making machine includes a nozzle configured such that the flowing snow is output in a substantially planar sheet, e.g., with the use of a diffuser or the like for increasing the laminar nature of the flow and the sheet may be relatively thin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: Disney Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark A. Reichow
  • Patent number: 8243252
    Abstract: A method for frustrating piracy of a movie, the movie including a plurality of filmed frames, each of the filmed frames including an image, the method including editing the movie prior to projection such that different regions of the image of one of the filmed frames are in different frames so that the different regions will be projected at different times, and repeating the editing for other ones of the filmed frames. Related apparatus and methods are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: NDS Limited
    Inventors: Kfir Moshe, Gavriel Benaily, Or Taieb, Perry Smith, Shlomo Kipnis
  • Patent number: 8242425
    Abstract: A projector includes: first and second lamps; a combining member configured to combine the light from the first and second lamps; a light modulation device arranged on the downstream side of an optical path of the combining member configured to provide higher modulation contrast with respect to the light emitted from the first lamp and entering in a state of being inclined in a first direction with respect to a system optical axis than modulation contrast with respect to the light emitted from the second lamp and entering in a state of being inclined in a second direction; and an illumination control device configured to turn ON the first lamp having the higher contrast with respect to the light modulation device on a priority basis for illumination of the light modulation device in a one-lamp mode in which only one of the first and second lamps is turned ON.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Yuichiro Matsumoto, Osamu Fujimaki, Takeshi Takezawa
  • Patent number: 8217922
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for synchronizing sound with an illuminated animated image is provided. First and second image frames are defined on a planar surface using a plurality of light transmitting media. A plurality of light sources are positioned adjacent to the plurality of light transmitting media such that the first image frame and the second image frame are illuminated independently by selectively activating each light source in accordance with a pre-programmed illumination sequence. A speaker plays a first sound when the first image frame is illuminated and a second sound when the second image frame is illuminated. A driving device, coupled to the light sources and the speaker, is used to synchronize the illumination of the image frames with the sounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Inventor: Harry Lee Wainwright
  • Patent number: 7999862
    Abstract: A system and method for removing background lighting variations from an image. The method includes capturing at least one first image including a first background and a subject wherein the at least one first image includes at least one background lighting variation, creating a virtual background model of the first background, creating a virtual background image that is substantially similar to the first background, and generating an output comprising at least one first image with at least one background lighting variation removed therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Lightcraft Technology, LLC
    Inventors: Newton Eliot Mack, Philip Mass
  • Patent number: 7971994
    Abstract: An adapter for a spectacle frame is disclosed which is configured for enabling the spectacle frame to operate and control electro-active lenses housed therein. In particular, the spectacle frame may allow electro-active lenses housed therein to focus and be controlled both automatically and manually with heretofore unrealized results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: PixelOptics, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald D. Blum, Joshua N. Haddock, Dwight P. Duston
  • Patent number: 7949625
    Abstract: Automated assistance is provided for managing rules and/or guidelines regarding the usage of branded content for a project, e.g., an advertising campaign, event, signage, decoration, and the like. One or more queries regarding the project are presented to the user. Based on the user's responses to the queries, branded content that is approved for the project's intended use(s) is automatically identified and made available to the user. The determination of which digitized content (media objects) to provide to the user is based at least in part on brand rules and/or guidelines that can be relatively static or dynamically updated by the current user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: Corbis Corporation
    Inventors: Hans Alhden Brough, Jeffrey Michael Paul, Jonathan Frederick Schupp
  • Patent number: 7907248
    Abstract: A method for frustrating piracy of a movie, the movie including a plurality of filmed frames, each of the filmed frames including an image, the method including editing the movie prior to projection such that different regions of the image of one of the filmed frames are in different frames so that the different regions will be projected at different times, and repeating the editing for other ones of the filmed frames. Related apparatus and methods are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: NDS Limited
    Inventors: Kfir Moshe, Gavriel Benaily, Or Taieb, Perry Smith, Shlomo Kipnis
  • Publication number: 20110025981
    Abstract: Digital cinema exhibition facilities make use of a show play list (SPL) specifying a time sequence of the events to occur during the presentation of digital cinema content. One or more cues in the show play list trigger certain activities, such as displacing the screen curtain and dimming the house lights. To achieve an aesthetic, showman-like presentation, the cues in the show play undergo re-cueing. For each cue, a determination is made automatically of the prefire interval, that is, the interval by which the cue should be advanced. The execution the cue to trigger a corresponding activity is advanced by the automatically determined prefire interval.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Publication date: February 3, 2011
    Inventors: William Gibbens Redmann, James Paul Sabo, Mark Leroy Walker
  • Patent number: 7876368
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for applying a slimming effect to a subject in a digital image on a camera. An exemplary method may comprise compressing the digital image in one dimension so that a subject appears thinner. The method may also comprise selecting a portion of the compressed image on both sides of the subject. The method may also comprise stretching only the selected portion of the compressed image to retain an aspect ratio of the original digital image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Murray Dean Craig, Robert P. Cazier
  • Publication number: 20100309434
    Abstract: A device for delivering a scent to a user comprises a body component, a fluid reservoir, an output component arranged to connect the fluid reservoir to the exterior of the device, and a control component arranged to receive biofeedback data and user preference data on the user, and to control the output from the fluid reservoir accordingly. The device can further comprise a sensor arranged to monitor a physiological parameter of the user and to communicate the biofeedback data to the control component. The device may also include a wireless receiver arranged to receive the user preference data and/or the biofeedback data and to communicate the data to the control component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Publication date: December 9, 2010
    Applicant: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.
    Inventors: Nicolle Hanneke Van Schijndel, Ronaldus Maria Aaarts, Fran Wu
  • Patent number: 7718119
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for generating a desired smell by processing smell information through a combination of a computer system and a perfume generating means. In order to generate a desired smell under control of a computer, preset perfume information concerning a smell classification table, kinds of preset perfume corresponding to the items of smell in the smell classification table, the amount of smell to be generated and the variation with time of the amount is registered, the item of a specific smell is selected from the smell classification table, and relevant pieces of the preset perfume information corresponding to the item of the specific smell is extracted. A deodorant may be combined or various smells may be combined with an image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Inventors: Yukinobu Tajima, Hideki Tanemura, Naoki Urushihata
  • Publication number: 20090219487
    Abstract: A method for communicating and preserving creative intent within a motion picture production chain, including a production stage, and at least one of a subsequent laboratory or post production stage, including capturing an original image of a scene during the production stage; generating a look representative of a creative intent, wherein the look is a digital representation of a creative alteration of the captured original scene image; and applying the look to the captured original scene image and confirming approval of the look during the production stage. The digital representation of the look is stored as a recipe for generating the creative alteration, and communicated from the production stage to at least one of the subsequent laboratory and post-production stages for applying the look to the captured motion picture footage during subsequent laboratory and post-production stages.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Publication date: September 3, 2009
    Inventors: Mitchell J. Bogdanowicz, Nhon N. Chu, Martin E. Oehlbeck
  • Patent number: 7468778
    Abstract: A method of providing a visual representation of a scene to a participant in a studio is provided, wherein the studio is arranged to be viewed by a camera to provide a camera image and has at least a portion of a background object arranged to be keyed out of the camera image by a keying process. The method includes obtaining an estimate of the viewpoint of the participant; rendering an image of the scene based on the viewpoint of the participant; and projecting at least a portion of the rendered image onto the background object to provide a projected image portion visible to the participant. The projected image portion is projected so as to be keyed out of the camera image by the keying process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Inventors: Graham Alexander Thomas, Oliver Grau
  • Patent number: 7414698
    Abstract: A system for providing closed-caption text in a movie theater wherein the caption information is only visible to those patrons wishing to view the text, comprising a projector projecting a plurality of light applications onto a predetermined strip of light in a viewing area, encoding the caption text so that it will only be viewed within the predetermined strip of light in the viewing area and decoding the encoded text so that it will be viewed only by those patrons wishing to view the text.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2008
    Inventors: James Cashin, Earl Roger Hibbard
  • Patent number: 7405801
    Abstract: Pulfrich Filter Spectacles to view a 2-dimensional motion picture with 3-dimensional visual effects are disclosed. A method for synchronizing the Puifrich filter spectacles and a method of displaying 2-dimensional motion pictures as 3-dimensional pictures using the spectacles are also disclosed. The Puifrich spectacles and its synchronizing method and displaying method will allow almost any motion picture to be viewed effortlessly by the viewer with the visual effect of 3-dimensions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Inventor: Kenneth Jacobs
  • Patent number: 7394519
    Abstract: A system and method is provided for encoding an identifiable code into the audio content of a motion picture. The audio content is altered in at least one specific pre-selected location in the audio soundtrack of the motion picture so as to be essentially unnoticeable to the listener. The audio content is altered to form an audio code which represents a unique number applied to that copy of the motion picture, whereupon any audio recording of such audio content would capture the audio code. The unique number is stored together with an identification of the location, entity or person who receives the copy when it is distributed, so as to enable suspected counterfeit copies of the motion picture to be analyzed to read the code number and identify the recipient of the copy and thereby track down the source of the counterfeit copies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Assignee: Deluxe Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Colin F. Mossman, Joseph C. Wary
  • Publication number: 20080059578
    Abstract: A gesture-enabled electronic communication system informs users of gestures made by other users participating in a communication session. The system captures a three-dimensional movement of a first user from among the multiple users participating in an electronic communication session, wherein the three-dimensional movement is determined using at least one image capture device aimed at the first user. The system identifies a three-dimensional object properties stream using the captured movement and then identifies a particular electronic communication gesture representing the three-dimensional object properties stream by comparing the identified three-dimensional object properties stream with multiple electronic communication gesture definitions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2006
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Inventors: JACOB C ALBERTSON, KENNETH C. ARNOLD, STEVEN D. GOLDMAN, MICHAEL A. PAOLINI, ANTHONY J. SESSA
  • Publication number: 20080043204
    Abstract: A Digital Scent Movie Projector with Sound Channels. Its features include: A Digital Movie Projector, A sense of smell signal converter and a set of scent making devices. A digital movie projector uses a full frequency sound channel as its passageway to transmit sense of smell digital signal or adding a sense of smell digital signal transmission passageway besides the several full frequency and a low frequency sound channel. After being processed by the sense of smell signal converter the sense of smell signal is transmitted into the scent making devices. The scent making devices uses the scent transmission passageway to transmit the scent of the scent can into the pressure-reducing valve and sound muffler, with help of the air compressor and the controlling valve. And finally the scent is released into the cinema from the scent outlet devices installed under or by the audience seats.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2006
    Publication date: February 21, 2008
    Inventor: Yixin Guo
  • Patent number: 7295281
    Abstract: A system and method for marking, coding and tracking a film print in an efficient, adaptive and customized manner for providing unique and robust identification of each individual film print and for facilitating accurate tracking of the origin of a pirated copy is described herein. A film print to be marked is calibrated and provided in computer-readable form for input to a prescreening device. The calibrated film print is reviewed and ideal locations on each frame of the film print are chosen for applying a mark. A unique coding scheme is generated for each desired print. If a pirate copy is found, all marks are located and a matching serial number (e.g., coding scheme) is determined for the pirated copy based on marks found in the pirate copy when compared to a database storing film print mark information generated during the marking and coding process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2007
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: David Jay Duffield, Ion Vizireanu, Mike Arthur Derrenberger, Yousef Wasef Nijim
  • Patent number: 7170577
    Abstract: A movie anti-piracy system with sensing and reporting is provided. A movie projector projects a light image to reflect off of a screen, while an infrared energy projection source generates an infrared energy pattern which is reflected off the screen (or otherwise projected) in the same field of view as the light images reflecting from the screen. Infrared energy sensors are positioned in the seating area of the theater. The infrared sensors provide sensed signals respectively to a sensor response controller. The controller is responsive to the sensor signals to provide an infrared status (and other data) signal output to a control center. The control center responds to the infrared status and other data signals, from one or a plurality of theaters, and provides for reporting of information (such as security compliance, attendance, etc.) to one or multiple reporting sites (such as movie distribution studios, etc.).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Inventors: David H. Sitrick, James A. Fancher
  • Patent number: 7154579
    Abstract: A system for fragrance sensory stimulation synchronized to a multimedia source connected to an audiovisual display is disclosed. A fragrance generator processes fragrance information from the audiovisual source into a flagrance signal, and a fragrance control system accepts the fragrance signal as an input and generates a control signal and a controlled airflow. In turn, a fragrance delivery system with a plurality of fragrance chemicals in communication with the controlled airflow selectively volatilizes the fragrance chemicals so that a short burst of fragrance is delivered to a user. In certain embodiments, the fragrance delivery system comprises an indexing turret containing a plurality of ports, each containing one fragrance chemical. In another preferred embodiment, a multi-port micro-valve or an array of such valves contains an absorbent material impregnated with a fragrance in each port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Inventors: Raymond K. Selander, Clint Dee Winton Brooks, Lewis Michael Popplewell
  • Patent number: 7030956
    Abstract: An optical intensity modulation having a periodicity in the temporal domain is applied on an optical state of an original display image, being displayed on a projection screen or a display screen, that takes into account a human temporal frequency contrast sensitivity characteristics, so that an optical state variation that is independent of the original display image would appear in an image recorded by capturing the display image using an image capturing apparatus, while the optical state variation in the display image being directly viewed remains imperceptible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2006
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Tomohiro Nishi, Michihiro Ohnishi
  • Patent number: 6983082
    Abstract: Image-based lighting for use in rendering of digital objects is derived from image data collected from a real motion-picture set. The image data includes sets of correlated images at different exposure levels, each corresponding to a selected location. The image data is processed to define an extended dynamic range panoramic image for each selected set location. The image data is color and intensity corrected based on a scaled reference object. At least key lights are modeled for the set by processing a plurality of such panoramic images. Other lighting may be defined by interpolating from the panoramic images to mathematically define a location-specific set of fill lights. In the alternative, other set lighting may be modeled by projecting panoramic image data onto a dynamically sub-dividable light primitive derived from the set geometry. Any desired object may then rendered using the defined lights, and inserted into a corrected real image of the set at the desired location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc.
    Inventor: Haarm-Pieter Duiker
  • Patent number: 6842218
    Abstract: The scent delivery system employs a single conduit with a nasal interface at one end and a fan or canister of compressed air at the other end. In between the two ends a scent injection device is positioned. The injection device injects scent into an air flow created by the fan or canister and creates scented air which is carried to the nose by the flow of air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Inventor: Joseph Manne
  • Patent number: 6809792
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for forming a substantially invisible watermark or copy-deterrent pattern within a motion picture frame that utilizes spectral image data in order to apply a pattern that is not objectionable to a viewer, but that can be sensed and recorded by a video camera device. A digital watermark or copy deterrent pattern, message, animation, or obscuring effect can be formed to identify a legally distributed copy, degrade the quality of an illegally recorded copy, or expand the storage requirements for an illegally recorded copy using this technique. The pattern is applied using some combination of UV and IR light sources just outside the visible range, displayed on the movie screen. An illegally recorded copy may bear a visible watermark or copy-deterrent pattern which can be detected upon playback. A copy-deterrent pattern can also be used to make video compression techniques less effective, requiring that an illegally recorded copy require excessive amounts of storage media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Babak Tehranchi, Timothy J. Tredwell, Paul W. Jones
  • Patent number: 6803987
    Abstract: A portable device is disclosed which can deliver various combinations of scents in rapid succession directly to a user's nose. The device uses a blower fan (2) which forces air through a fragrance chamber (4). The flow into the chamber is regulated by an inlet valve (5) and an outlet valve (6). The valves (5,6) can be manually, electrically or pneumatically actuated. The valves (5,6) can be of an on/off or proportional flow type. The air carries away the scent molecules which have entered the gas phase. This air is then mixed with the air from all other fragrance holders in the packed bed mixer (11). The final mixture is delivered to the user via nasal tubing (20) and is emitted right below the wearer's nose. A mask covering the nose can be used to deliver the scent to the user. The scent is then drawn away from the nose and into a scent scrubber (38).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Inventor: Joseph S. Manne
  • Patent number: 6784971
    Abstract: A digital projector that projects moving images from a data stream also generates black intervals selected to induce a stroboscopic effect in a viewer's eye. The black signals are interspaced with the images in a manner so as to simulate the operation of a standard movie projector thereby insuring that the effects of temporal and spatial artefacts normally associated with digital projectors are reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Warner Communications Inc.
    Inventor: Paul R. Klamer
  • Patent number: 6783084
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for delivering aromatic substances for olfactory stimulation, treatment and/or therapy which includes a delivery assembly including a chamber into which air is introduced and subsequently delivered under even pressure through a mixing venturi. A plurality of conveying conduits are selectively communicated with the venturi so that aromatic substances are entrained in the air passing through the venturi to a discharge mask or zone. The conduits communicate with a plurality of containers of aromatic liquids, solids, and semi-solids. The containers are subject to selective introduction of pressurized air by way of a plurality of valves. A system is provided for controlling the operation of the valves to thereby control the substances discharged from the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Inventor: R. Douglas Nelson
  • Publication number: 20040165148
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a display for motivating or inducing behaviour or arousal in a subject. It includes a plurality of image frames displayed in a stereograph which may be used to motivating, inducing or discourage a specified behaviour or form of arousal. One application is use in a public area such as a retail environment with a small number of the image frames include symbols to either encourage or discourage the consumer from moving towards or away from desired product and/or encourage purchase of the product. Product brands and or slogans may also be included in one or more frames.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2004
    Publication date: August 26, 2004
    Inventor: Carl John Macinnes
  • Patent number: 6771349
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to a movie anti-piracy system with sensing and reporting features. A movie projector projects a light image to reflect off of a screen, while an infrared energy projection source generates an infrared energy pattern which is reflected off the screen (or otherwise projected) in the same field of view as the light images reflecting from the screen. Infrared energy sensors are positioned in the seating area of the theater. The infrared sensors provide sensed signals respectively to a sensor response controller. The controller is responsive to the sensor signals to provide an infrared status (and other data) signal output to a control center. The control center responds to the infrared status and other data signals, from one or a plurality of theaters, and provides for reporting of information (such as security compliance, attendance, etc.) to one or multiple reporting sites (such as movie distribution studios, etc.).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Inventors: David H. Sitrick, James A. Fancher
  • Patent number: 6744488
    Abstract: An olfactory special effects system includes a plurality of scent cartridges that contain respective substances for generating different scents. The system also includes a scent delivery unit having a plurality of compartments to contain the scent cartridges, a device that generates an airflow, and a mechanism that moves the scent cartridges from the compartments into the airflow to create a scented airflow. The scent delivery unit also includes a controller that controls the mechanism to move different scent cartridges at different times during the presentation in order to release different scents in response to cues from the presentation. The olfactory special effects system also includes a scent outlet vent to deliver the scented airflow to the audience members. The system further includes a scent ductwork to channel the scented airflow from the scent delivery unit to the scent outlet vent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2004
    Assignee: JCT Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: James G. Schermerhorn
  • Patent number: 6727971
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for recording and projecting images on curved screens in a manner that imparts to an audience a sense of immersion in the projected scene. The screen is usually a segment of a spherical dome, with a large portion of the segment located below the horizontal viewing line of an audience. During recording of the images, the camera lens longitudinal axis is maintained in a substantially horizontal orientation. During projection, the projector lens longitudinal axis is maintained in a substantially horizontal orientation, and the image is positioned on the screen by horizontal and/or vertical movement of the projector lens relative to the film. The image is projected to appear to the viewer to be in substantially the same position as it was to the camera lens during recording.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: Disney Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventor: Walter A. Lucas
  • Publication number: 20030223040
    Abstract: Abstract: An olfactory special effects system (12) for delivering scents to an audience during a motion picture or other presentations includes a plurality of scent cartridges (38) that contain respective substances for generating different scents. The system also includes a scent delivery unit (28) having a plurality of compartments (32) to contain the scent cartridges (38). The scent delivery unit (28) further includes a device (48) that generates an airflow and a mechanism that moves the scent cartridges (38) individually from the compartments (32) into the airflow to release their scents and create a scented airflow. The scent delivery unit (28) also includes a controller (70) that controls the mechanism to move different scent cartridges (38) at different times during the presentation in order to release different scents in response to cues from the presentation. The olfactory special effects system (12) also includes a scent outlet vent (74) to deliver the scented airflow to the audience members.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Publication date: December 4, 2003
    Inventor: James G. Schermerhorn
  • Patent number: 6654664
    Abstract: The multimedia and scent storage medium described herein comprises a multimedia storage region for storing multimedia information; a scent storage region for storing multiple scents; scent identification information for identifying which scents are stored in the scent storage region; and scent recovery information stored in the multimedia storage region for sequencing recovery of scents stored in the scent storage region to coincide with audio and/or video information stored in the multimedia region. The integrated system described herein comprises a multimedia and scent storage medium and a multimedia player and scent recovery system for use in conjunction with the multimedia and scent-bearing medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: MultiSen Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Dah-Shiarn Chiao
  • Patent number: 6624874
    Abstract: An apparatus for optically embedding hidden data in a source image, wherein the hidden data is updateable in real-time, the apparatus includes (a) optical masks bearing a data image and an encoding carrier image either or both of which may be updated in real-time; (b) optical components for convolving, the data image with the encoding carrier image to produce a spatially dispersed data image; and (c) optical beam combiner for combining the spatially dispersed data image with the source image to produce a source image containing embedded hidden data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Joseph F. Revelli, Jr., Chris W. Honsinger, Paul W. Jones, Lawrence A. Ray