Abstract: In an image forming apparatus that executes exposure for discharging a photoconductive drum by a light emitting unit by which an electrostatic latent image is formed, a duty ratio of a drive signal for a driving unit that exposes the photoconductive drum for performing discharging of the photoconductive drum is set to be 100%, and it is thereby possible to suppress generation of radiation noise resulting from the drive signal for the discharging.
Abstract: Methods and systems for describing a camera radiometrically, in terms of camera response function and vignetting, and in terms of color, suitable for non-uniform illumination set-ups. It estimates the camera response function and the camera color mapping from a single image of a generic scene with two albedos. With a second same-pose image with a different intensity of the near-light the vignetting is also estimated. The camera response function calibration involves the segmentation of the two albedos, the definition of the system of equations based on the assumption that can be made about the image formation process, and the actual estimation. For the modelling the vignetting there are three steps: computing the albedo-normalized irradiance, finding points of equal vignetting, when needed, and estimation.
April 13, 2016
Date of Patent:
December 10, 2019
Universidade de Coimbra
Pedro Miguel Cerveira Rodrigues, João Pedro de Almeida Barreto
Abstract: There is provided an image reading device which has an operation part configured to receive an operation to select one of a first scan function of treating image data of a plurality of originals read by a reader as one file and a second scan function of treating image data of one original read by the reader as one file. When the operation part receives the operation to select the second scan function, the reader is moved toward a waiting position opposite to the reading end position with respect to the reading start position after completion of the reading process. In response to detection of opening of the cover before the reader reaches the waiting position, a determining process is not executed, while the determining process is executed when opening of the cover is not detected before the reader reaches the waiting position.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a display, a human detection sensor, and a CPU. If the CPU determines that there is a person in a certain area with the display in an off state, the display enters a first on state in accordance with an instruction from the CPU. If the CPU determines that the image forming apparatus has been operated, the display enters a second on state.
Abstract: Provided is a reading module including a light source, an optical system, and a sensor. The optical system images reflected light of light emitted from the light source to the document, as image light. The sensor converts the imaged image light into an electric signal. The optical system includes a mirror array in which a plurality of reflection mirrors are connected, and a plurality of aperture stops. Neighboring reflection mirrors reflect light at different angles viewed from the main scanning direction.
Abstract: Provided is a scanner having sixteen or fewer sensor chips capable of scanning an A4 document; an optical unit that reduces and focuses an image of an A4 document on the sensor chips; and a generator that synthesizes images of the A4 document read by the sensor chips, and generates image data.
Abstract: A reading module has a light source, an optical system imaging, as image light, reflected light of light radiated from the light source to a document, a sensor where a plurality of imaging regions for converting the image light imaged by the optical system into an electrical signal are arranged next to each other in the main scanning direction, and a housing the light source, the optical system, and the sensor. The optical system has a mirror array where a plurality of reflection mirrors whose reflection surfaces are aspherical concave surfaces are coupled together in an array in the main scanning direction, and an aperture stop portion adjusting the amount of the image light reflected from the reflection mirror. The amount of the image light striking the reflection mirror is increasingly small from opposite end parts of the reflection mirror toward its central part in the main scanning direction.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image reading device; an image forming device including a photoconductor, a charger, an exposure device including a light-emitting element, a memory to store a first correction value for correction a light emission amount of the light-emitting element, and a driver to drive the light-emitting element, a developing device, a transfer device, and a fixing device. The image forming apparatus further includes a processor to calculate a second correction value for correcting the light emission amount, based on density data of image data of a predetermined pattern on a recording medium; calculate a third correction value for correcting the light emission amount, based on the first correction value and the second correction value; and determine, before calculating the third correction value, whether placement of the recording medium on the reading table is correct based on the density data.
Abstract: An image forming system includes a light emitting device, a controller, an image forming device, an acquiring device, a calculator, and a storage device. The controller corrects an amount of light, which is outputted from the light emitting device, based on a first correction value stored in the storage device. The image forming device forms a test image with the amount of light corrected based on the first correction value. The acquiring device acquires density information indicating a characteristic of density of the test image. The calculator calculates a second correction value based on the density information and calculates a third correction value based on the first correction value and the second correction value. The controller corrects the amount of light based on the third correction value. The image forming device forms a target image with the amount of light corrected based on the third correction value.
Abstract: An image reading apparatus includes: N sensor chips arranged in a first direction and each including a plurality of image pickup elements arranged in the first direction; N optical systems that form, on the N sensor chips, reduced-size images of N reading ranges arranged in the first direction on a document; and an image processing section that uses image data of overlap regions to obtain positions of the overlap regions, obtains, based on the positions and predetermined synthesis reference positions in the overlap regions, magnifications of read images and synthesis positions, performs image processing of correcting the magnifications in the first direction of the image data of the N reading ranges, and combines the image data of the N reading ranges subjected to the image processing, thereby generating synthesized image data.
Abstract: A reading module has a light source, an optical system imaging, as image light, reflected light of the light radiated from the light source to the document, and a sensor converting the image light imaged by the optical system into an electrical signal. The optical system has a mirror array in which reflection mirrors are coupled together in an array in the main scanning direction and an aperture stop portion having a first aperture adjusting the amount of image light reflected from a reflection mirror and a second aperture shielding stray light that enters the first aperture from an adjacent reflection mirror. The second aperture is arranged at such a position as to be able to shield stray light passing through a boundary between the reflection mirrors and the center of the first aperture when the mirror array contracts to the maximum extent in the main scanning direction.
Abstract: A reading module has a light source, an optical system, and a sensor. The optical system images, as image light, reflected light of light radiated from the light source to a document. In the sensor, the image light imaged by the optical system is converted into an electrical signal. The optical system has a mirror array and an aperture stop portion. In the mirror array, reflection mirrors are coupled together in an array in the main scanning direction. The aperture stop portion has a first aperture adjusting the amount of the image light reflected from a reflection mirror and a second aperture shielding stray light entering the first aperture from an adjacent reflection mirror. Between the first and second apertures, a reflection reduction mechanism is provided that reduces reflection, toward the first aperture, of light other than the image light traveling from the second to first aperture.
Abstract: An image reading device has a reading module including a light source, an optical system having a mirror array where reflection mirrors are coupled together in the main scanning direction and an aperture stop portion, a sensor where imaging regions for converting the image light imaged by the optical system into an electrical signal are arranged, and a housing, and has a reference drawing pattern determining connection positions between the imaging regions. The reference drawing pattern is composed of a plurality of pixel cut lines arranged to correspond to boundary lines between the reflection mirrors. The optical system is fixed on the housing at one point in the main scanning direction, and the pixel cut lines are arranged such that their distances from the boundary lines in the main scanning direction increase the farther away from the fixed position of the optical system in the main scanning direction.
Abstract: According to an embodiment, a detection apparatus for detecting a decoloration ink image includes an image reading unit, a decoloration unit, and a controller. The controller acquires image data using the image reading unit before decoloration that is the image data on the sheet before decoloration processing is executed by the decoloration unit. In addition, the controller determines whether or not there is a difference between the image data to be decolored and the decolored image data, thereby determining whether or not the decoloration ink is used in the sheet.
Abstract: A system and method are described for enhancing readability of document images by operating on each document individually. Monochromatic light sources operating at different wavelengths of light can be used to obtain greyscale images. The greyscale images can then be used in any desired image enhancement algorithm. In one example algorithm, an automated method removes image background noise and improves sharpness of the scripts and characters using edge detection and local color contrast computation.
December 19, 2016
Date of Patent:
December 18, 2018
Ophir Frieder, Gideon Frieder, Jon Parker
Abstract: An apparatus for securing a camera housing (100) having a central axis (102) to a windshield (22) includes a bracket (20). The bracket (20) has a central axis (30) and extends from a first end (32) to a second end (34). A plurality of centering members (72) on the first end (32) of the bracket (20) is configured to engage the camera housing (100) to align the central axis (102) with the central axis (30). A plurality of locking members (90, 91) on the second end (34) of the bracket (20) is configured to form a snap-fit connection with the camera housing (100) to fasten the bracket (20) to the camera housing (100). The locking members (90, 91) are positioned on opposite sides of the central axis (30) of the bracket (20) with at least one locking member (90, 91) extending at an angle less than 90° to the central axis (30).
Abstract: An image reading apparatus includes an illumination unit that illuminates light on an image surface of a sheet, and a photoelectric conversion element that converts reflected light from the sheet illuminated by the illumination unit into an electric signal. The illumination unit includes a circuit board including a light emitting element, and a light guide that guides light, emitted from the light emitting element, to a sheet read surface. In the image reading apparatus, the light guide includes a positioning surface that abuts against a first surface of the circuit board and that performs positioning of the light guide and the circuit board, and a pressing portion that abuts against a second surface of the circuit board on an opposite side of the first surface and that presses the circuit board against the positioning surface.
Abstract: An image reading device has a motor, an optical sensor (a light emitting portion, a light receiving portion), a carriage, a motor, a moving portion for rotating a belt, a pulse generating gear provided with a plurality of light shielding teeth along its circumference, and a control portion. The light shielding teeth of the pulse generating gear pass through a gap between the light emitting portion and the light receiving portion. First and second widths are set such that the movement amount of the pulse generating gear resulting from the motor rotating one step is equal to or larger than both the width of each of the light shielding teeth (first width) and the width of the interval between adjacent light shielding teeth (second width). The control portion recognizes when, during standby of the carriage, the level of an output signal changes.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a photoconductor, a light source, an optical scanning device, an image bearer, an image density sensor, an image processing circuit, and a light source driver. The plurality of images are formed with a plurality of light intensities and a plurality of image area rates on the image bearer. The image density sensor detects a plurality of image densities of the plurality of images at a plurality of positions in a main scanning direction. The image processing circuit determines a light intensity correction value to correct an image density of a target image in the main scanning direction based on the plurality of light intensities, image area rates, image densities, and positions, and the image area rate of the target image, and outputs a control signal to adjust a light intensity. The light source driver adjusts the light intensity based on the control signal.
Abstract: A reading apparatus that reads a sheet includes: a first light emitting diode (LED) configured to emit light with a specific wavelength; a light emitting element including a second LED configured to emit light with the specific wavelength and a phosphor configured to be excited by the light emitted from the second LED; a line sensor configured to generate a reference signal according to a quantity of received light emitted from the first LED and reflected off the sheet, and also generate an image signal according to a quantity of received light emitted from the light emitting element and reflected off the sheet; and a controller configured to generate an image representing the sheet from a differential result obtained by removing a component corresponding to the reference signal from the image signal.
Abstract: Color calibration of color image rendering devices, such as large color displays, which operate by either projection or emission of images, utilize internal color measurement instrument or external color measurement modules locatable on a wall or speaker. A dual use camera is provided for a portable or laptop computer, or a cellular phone, handset, personal digital assistant or other handheld device with a digital camera, in which one of the camera or a display is movable with respect to the other to enable the camera in a first mode to capture images of the display for enabling calibration of the display, and in a second mode for capturing image other than of the display. The displays may represent rendering devices for enabling virtual proofing in a network, or may be part of stand-alone systems and apparatuses for color calibration.
Abstract: A light guide body (2) includes a light guide main body (21), a band region (4), and radial microstructures (5). The light guide main body (21) is columnar, and light enters the light guide main body (21) from at least one end portion (3). The band region (4) is formed extending in the lengthwise direction of a portion of a circumferential surface of the light guide main body (21). The radial microstructures (5) are arranged in the band region (4) and are formed as microstructures that each have protruding parts extending radially in at least three directions in a band region portion from a reference point.
Abstract: Light is emitted on one side of a paper sheet 100, which is being transported on a transport path, from a first light source 11, and light is emitted on other side of the paper sheet 100 from a second light source 21 and a fourth light source 22. A first light receiving sensor 14 receives a first reflected light, which is the light emitted by the first light source 11 and reflected from the one side of the paper sheet 100. A second light receiving sensor 24 receives a second reflected light, which is the light emitted by the second light source 21 and the fourth light source 22 and reflected from the other side of the paper sheet 100, and receives a transmitted light that is the light emitted by the first light source 11 and that has passed through the paper sheet 100.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image forming section; a density detection section configured to detect the density of toner image formed on an image bearing member in a sub scanning direction; and a density-unevenness correction section configured to calculate a first correction amount based on the detection result of the density detection section and calculate a second correction amount different from the first correction amount in phase.
Abstract: A system may obtain identification information for a user for obtaining a form of access using universal enrollment. The system may obtain a digital certificate associated with the identification information, the digital certificate including a public key of a public key, private key pair and the public key and the private key of the public key, private key pair being generated using first biometric information of the user obtained during the universal enrollment. The system may obtain second biometric information. The system may generate a second private key using the second biometric information. The system may determine whether the second private key matches the public key included in the digital certificate. The system may provide the form of access based on the second private key matching the public key included in the digital certificate.
June 26, 2015
Date of Patent:
January 16, 2018
Verizon Patent and Licensing Inc.
Manuel Enrique Caceres, Yuk Lun Li, Mauricio Pati Caldeira de Andrada
Abstract: An image is read from a recording medium via first and second optical imaging systems disposed such that respective reading regions partially overlap each other in a principal scanning direction on a reading surface. A sum of distances over which first and second images captured by the first and second optical imaging systems, respectively, are displaced in the principal scanning direction with respect to a reference point included in a region in which the reading regions overlap each other is calculated. First and second distances, over which the first and second images are displaced in the principal scanning direction, respectively, are calculated using the sum and first and second reading angles at which the first and second optical imaging systems, respectively, read the reference point. Positions of the first image and the second image in the principal scanning direction are corrected using the first distance and the second distance, respectively.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus which is configured to expose a photosensitive member to light beams emitted from a plurality of light emitting elements, generates a plurality of BD signals by a plurality of laser light beams, and controls timings at which the plurality of light emitting elements emits the light beams based on a difference between timings at which the BD signals are generated.
Abstract: An image reading system is configured by integrally assembling a flatbed scanner apparatus and a sheet-fed scanner apparatus using a separate component, a connection unit. A circuit substrate for a power source system and a communication system is disposed in the connection unit. The circuit substrate includes a power source input connector to which power is input, a power divider that divides power input from the power source input connector into plural types, and a power source output connector and a communication connector that output each power divided by the power divider to each scanner apparatus.
Abstract: An adjustment includes a first current adjustment for adjusting a first current Idrv by supplying a superimposed current of the first current Idrv and a second current Ib to an LD 101a, and a second current adjustment for adjusting the second current Ib by supplying the second current Ib to the LD 101a without supplying the first current Idrv thereto. Upon reception of an image forming instruction, a control unit performs adjustment in order of the second current adjustment for the first time, the first current adjustment for the first time, the second current adjustment for the second time, and the first current adjustment for the second time. An execution period of the second current adjustment for the first time is longer than an execution period of the second current adjustment for the second time.
Abstract: In a case of changing a first light quantity to a second light quantity which is smaller than the first light quantity, a light quantity changing unit changes a light quantity to a third light quantity, which is smaller than the first light quantity and larger than the second light quantity, before changing the light quantity to the second light quantity, and a third light quantity is a light quantity with which the signal is able to be output in a state where a first threshold is set.
Abstract: A light guide includes an incident surface provided at least at an end portion of the light guide in a longitudinal direction, and receiving light from a light source, an output surface constituting a part of an outer peripheral surface, and outputting the light introduced through the incident surface, a reflecting surface extending along the optical axis so as to oppose the output surface, and including a plurality of reflection patterns that reflect the introduced light toward the output surface, and a reflecting plate opposed to a region in the outer peripheral surface other than the incident surface, the output surface, and the reflecting surface, and reflecting the light from the light source. The outer peripheral surface includes a sloped portion formed so as to come closer to the reflecting plate in a direction away from the incident surface in the longitudinal direction.
Abstract: A light irradiator includes a light source and a light guide to guide a light flux from the light source to an illumination area. The light guide has an incident surface, an emission surface and two side surfaces. The emission surface is located apart from a reading optical axis with an inclination relative to the reading optical axis. The following relations are satisfied: S1(x)?S2(x) S1(L)>S2(L) wherein S1 represents a divided cross-sectional area near the reading optical axis and S2 represents a divided cross-sectional area far from the reading optical axis when a virtual cross-sectional area S parallel to the incident surface of the light guide is divided by a plane passing the center of the incident surface, formed by a direction perpendicular thereto and the incident surface and the main scanning direction; S (x) represents a virtual cross-sectional area distant from the incident surface of the light guide by x; L is a distance from the incident surface to the emission surface; and 0?x<L.
Abstract: A light guide for use in an image reading apparatus. The light guide extends in a predetermined direction and includes: a reflecting surface being parallel to the predetermined direction; an emitting surface; and a prism configured to reflect light to the emitting surface. The prism includes a plurality of asperities formed on the reflecting surface. When viewed from a first direction orthogonal to the reflecting surface, at least one of the plurality of asperities includes a portion parallel to a predetermined curve or a predetermined straight line inclined from a second direction orthogonal to the predetermined direction.
Abstract: A method of matching medical images according to user-defined matches rules. In one embodiment, the matched medical images are displayed according user-defined display rules such that the matched medical images may be visually compared in manner that is suitable to the viewer's viewing preferences.
April 3, 2014
Date of Patent:
January 10, 2017
D.R. Systems, Inc.
Murray A. Reicher, Evan K. Fram, Steven M. Greim, John J. Schumacher
Abstract: An information processing apparatus includes a plurality of modules and a change processing portion. The modules are capable of executing data processing on data stored in a memory connected thereto via a bus. The change processing portion is configured to change a frequency of an operation clock signal to be supplied to each module, in accordance with either one of or both a number and types of the modules that execute the data processing in parallel, during execution of a specific data process of executing the data processing by each module at a preset execution timing.
Abstract: The invention relates to a measuring device (1), in particular a laser scanner for optically scanning and measuring an environment. The measuring device (1) comprises a rotatably mounted measuring head (2) and a rotation unit (10) mounted therein and having a rotatably mounted rotation body (20), wherein a targeting element (70) for sighting a target point is integrated into the rotation body (20), said targeting element comprising an opening (70?) passing through the rotation body (20).
Abstract: A scanner module and an image scanning apparatus employing the same. The scanner module comprises an illuminator for illuminating light on an object to be scanned. The illuminator includes a light emitting diode, a light guide extending in a main scanning direction to change a direction of the light received from the light emitting diode, and at least one elastic member to elastically support at least one longitudinal end of the light guide. As the light guide is elastically supported by the elastic member, convex deformation or bowing of an emission face of the light guide due to thermal expansion can be reduced.
March 30, 2015
Date of Patent:
December 27, 2016
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
Jung Kwon Kim, Dong Hua Lee, Hyun Surk Kim, Kyung Rok Kim
Abstract: An image forming unit forms a toner image on an image carrier, and transfers the toner image to a recording medium. A voltage generation circuit generates a high voltage used for the image forming unit. A control circuit is connected to the voltage generation circuit via a cable, and controls the high voltage generated by the voltage generation circuit. A detection unit detects a current flowing in a load of the image forming unit to which the high voltage generated by the voltage generation circuit is applied. A determination unit determines an error in accordance with a current range in which the current detected by the detection unit falls. The current range is included among a plurality of current ranges that are in one-to-one correspondence with a plurality of errors.
Abstract: A sheet-fed scanner comprising a scan channel, a feeding unit, a transmitting unit, a background sheet, a background light source and a scan module is provided. The feeding unit is disposed at an inlet of the scan channel for feeding a document. The transmitting unit transmits the document to pass through the scan channel. The background sheet is disposed on a side of the scan channel, and has a first surface and a second surface. The first surface faces towards the scan channel. The background light source faces towards the second surface to provide an intermittent light signal to the background sheet, so that the background sheet correspondingly displays an intermittent variation background image on the first surface. The scan module is disposed on another side of the scan channel, and captures a document image of a document and the intermittent variation background image to generate scan data accordingly.
Abstract: An image reading device, at a starting time point, starts one mode gain setting processing, which is processing of obtaining a gain set value of a shared amplifier in one of a color mode and a monochrome mode. After the one mode gain setting processing is completed, the image reading device performs an other mode gain setting processing, which is processing of obtaining a gain set value of the shared amplifier in the other mode. In a case where an instruction to perform a reading job in the one mode is received while the other mode gain setting processing is being performed, the image reading device discontinues the other mode gain setting processing and performs the reading job in the one mode.
Abstract: A vision system associated with a projection system includes multiple optical pathways. For instance, when the projection system projects an image onto a generally vertical surface, the vision system may operate in a rear sensing mode, such as for detecting one or more gestures made by a user located behind the projection system. Alternatively, when the projection system projects the image onto a generally horizontal surface the vision system may operate in a front sensing mode for detecting gestures made by a user located in front of the projection system. One or more thresholds may be established for switching between the front sensing mode and the rear sensing mode based on orientation information. As another example, the vision system may be operated in both the front sensing mode and the rear sensing mode contemporaneously.
Abstract: Light guides emit light from the side surface thereof toward the subject to be read, the light emitted to one end surface of each of the light guides. A frame is frame shaped, the frame houses the light guides and a lens, the frame including light guide holders that support a first to-be-supported section on the side surface of the light guides. A cover covers at least a part of one opening of the frame, and does not restrict light from passing through between the light guides and the subject to be read, the cover including light guide holders that support a second to-be-supported section opposite of the first to-be-supported section on the side surface of the light guides. The light guides are fixed inside the frame by the flange portion including the light guide holders provided by the frame and the light guide holders provided by the cover.
Abstract: A system for page detection using light attenuators is applied in a book to detect an opened page of the book. The book has N pages and each page has a page detection area in which at most M light attenuators are installed in each page detection area. A light source passes through the at most M light attenuators for attenuating intensity of the light source. M light sensing devices are installed in an area of the book that corresponds to the page detection area. The M light sensing devices are used to detect attenuated intensities of the light source. A controller is connected to the M light sensing devices for detecting the opened page based on a ratio of the intensities of the light source detected by the M light sensing devices on each page.
Abstract: An image signal processing apparatus includes an image signal input unit, a local information acquisition unit for calculating a statistical quantity of pixel values in a local area including a noted pixel from an image signal as local information, a noise correction unit for conducting noise correction on the image signal by using the local information and outputting a noise-corrected image signal, an image signal correction unit for conducting signal level correction on the image signal from the noise correction unit and outputting a level-corrected image signal, an image signal correction intensity control unit for determining correction intensity in the level correction and changing input-output characteristics in the level correction, a signal correction characteristic estimation unit for estimating level correction characteristics based on the correction intensity, and a noise correction intensity control unit for controlling correction intensity in the noise correction in conjunction with the level cor
June 18, 2014
Date of Patent:
May 31, 2016
Hitachi Industry & Control Solutions, Ltd.
Shinichiro Hirooka, Hirotomo Sai, Junji Shiokawa, Daisuke Yoshida
Abstract: An image reading device includes a platen on which an original is to be placed, an illuminating unit configured to illuminate the original, a linear sensor configured to receive light from the original, an optical unit configured to guide the light from the original to the linear sensor, and an aligning portion configured to determine a position of the original in a long-side direction of the linear sensor. The illuminating unit includes a light-guiding member extending in the long-side direction of the linear sensor, and a light source provided only at one long-side end of the light-guiding member. The aligning portion is provided on a side opposite to the light source in the long-side direction of the light-guiding member.
Abstract: An image processing apparatus includes a display; a document image accepting unit for accepting input of a document image obtained by a scanner; a display control unit for causing a preview image of the document image accepted by the document image accepting unit to be displayed on the display while being moved in a prescribed direction in a sequential manner; an operation accepting unit for accepting an operation of image editing for document images, which are series of document images accepted by the document image accepting unit, including the document image corresponding to the preview image moving on the display; and an editing unit for performing the image editing accepted by the operation accepting unit for the document images.
March 8, 2013
Date of Patent:
April 19, 2016
KONICA MINOLTA BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Abstract: An image reader is provided, which includes a first analog front end unit configured to perform A/D conversion for analog signals that are output via a first group of channels of a number resulting from rounding up, to a closest whole number, an average value between a number of at least one channel for a first image reading unit and a number of channels for a second image reading unit, among analog signals output from the first image reading unit and the second image reading unit, and a second analog front end unit configured to perform A/D conversion for analog signals that are output via a second group of channels other than the channels in the first group, among the analog signals output from the first image reading unit and the second image reading unit.
Abstract: An optical scanning device includes: a common optical deflector that deflects light beams from light source devices; and a scanning optical system that focuses the deflected light beams on different scanning surfaces. All the light beams from the light source devices are incident on the optical deflector in directions oblique to a normal line of the scanning surfaces in a main-scanning cross section and to a normal line of a deflecting reflection plane of the optical deflector in a sub-scanning cross section. The scanning optical system includes individual lenses which are individually arranged for the respective light beams and have a plane shape symmetric in the main-scanning direction and satisfies a predetermined condition, and an optical axis of the individual lens is arranged obliquely to the normal line of the scanning surface in the main-scanning cross section so as to satisfy a predetermined condition.
Abstract: There is provided an optical mechanism including a substrate, an image chip, a light source and a securing member. The image chip and the light source are attached to the substrate. The securing member is secured to the substrate and includes a first containing space for accommodating the light source, a second containing space for accommodating the image chip and a blocking region between the first containing space and the second containing space.
Abstract: There is provided an optical mechanism including a substrate, an image sensor chip, a light source, a blocking member and a securing member. The image sensor chip is attached to the substrate and has an active area. The light source is attached to the substrate. The blocking member covers the image sensor chip and has an opening to expose at least the active area of the image sensor chip. The securing member fits on the blocking member to secure the blocking member to the substrate.