Game Patents (Class 368/3)
  • Patent number: 9266006
    Abstract: An athletic pace signaling system includes a plurality of light generating modules and a control assembly in communication with the plurality of light generating modules. The control assembly includes a control circuit configured to store a predetermined pace and to cooperatively control the plurality of light generating modules such that each module projects a light associated with a training pace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Herold
  • Patent number: 9081884
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for displaying patient ECG data. The method includes receiving ECG data including an ECG waveform; receiving analyzed ECG data including arrhythmic events; generating an indicia of the detected arrhythmic event; and displaying the indicia of the detected arrhythmic event in relation to the ECG waveform at a position associated with a time of the detected arrhythmic event. A system for displaying patient ECG data is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: InfoBionic, Inc.
    Inventors: Ravi Kuppuraj, Serban P. Georgescu, Michael Fahey, Juhan Sonin, Eric Benoit
  • Patent number: 8913467
    Abstract: A timepiece is equipped with a novel type of entertainment, that is a mechanical card game. The timepiece includes: a dial (10) provided with a plurality of windows (12); systems (14) for opening and closing at least some of the windows (12), actuated by control bodies; a plurality of display disks (16) carrying representations of cards to be played, to be visible via the windows (12), the disks being pivoted on axes that are perpendicular to the plane of the dial (10); and a system (18) for rotating the disks and stopping them at random.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Christophe Claret S.A.
    Inventors: Christophe Claret, Jan Dubois, Alain Schiesser
  • Patent number: 8675452
    Abstract: Improved systems and methods for timing athletic events. A radio-based starter unit and a radio based timer unit communicate wirelessly via radio. Push buttons/switches and lights and a speaker in the units provide an intuitive, easy to use interface. Handshaking occurs between the starter unit and the timer unit, and lights indicate that the event is ready to start. Real time clocks in the units are synchronized. Upon detection of race or other event start, such as from a starter's pistol, information indicative of the race start time is transmitted from the start unit to the timer unit. A camera in communication with the timer unit provides video frames, and the timer unit encodes and inserts elapsed time information in the video frames, which are then output from the timer unit for review and analysis on a computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Flashtiming LLC
    Inventors: J. Lynn Saunders, Sarah J. Marlino, Philip S. Crosby, Eric Christopher Carlson
  • Patent number: 8618919
    Abstract: Timing apparatus which may be in the form of a stop watch and which includes a laser beam transmitter for transmitting a laser beam and a detector for detecting a reflected laser beam reflected from objects for example runners intercepting the transmitted beam. The apparatus includes a processor for calculating elapsed time of movement of the runners and their finishing order from the reflected signals received by the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Dux Technologies Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Bradley James Duxbury
  • Publication number: 20130072329
    Abstract: This is a timed dodge ball type game played by two or more players. Consisting of two or more balls preferable six balls numbered two threw seven. The adjective is to throw and hit one of the other player with one of the numbered ball resulting in that person dropping all of their number balls for the number of second on that ball thrown giving any of the players a chance to get the dropped ball. After that number of seconds labeled on that ball that hit that player is up, the player that dropped the ball can now pick up the remaining balls and rejoin the game. At the end of a preset stop time all player add up the number on the ball they are holding and the highest number wins.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Inventor: Carl D. Shoffner
  • Publication number: 20120063272
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide, among other things, a control system for a game clock and a method of controlling a game clock or timer. The control system includes a stationary transmitter adapted to transmit an energizing signal and a portable signaling device having a transmitter for transmitting a clock signal when energized by the energizing signal. In some cases the transmitter is coupled to an actuator adapted to enable and disable transmission by the transmitter. The transmitter is adapted to transmit the clock signal when enabled by the actuator and energized by the first signal from the stationary transmitter. The control system can further include a stationary receiver that receives the clock signal and forwards it to a control circuit adapted to couple to and operate a game clock according to the clock signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Inventors: Alain Dorais, Mario Martin
  • Publication number: 20120002509
    Abstract: A control installation of the playing time of a sporting event, in particular of the basketball game type, including a portable acquisition and detection system of a whistle signaling the stoppage of the playing time, said portable system converting the acoustic signals into digital signals, digitally processing these digital signals and delivering a digital refereeing signal in response to the detection of the whistle; and a fixed system for controlling the playing time in digital radio connection with the portable system and comprising controller for controlling the stoppage and/or restarting of a stopwatch counting down the playing time in response to the reception of the digital refereeing signal, the invention also concerning the portable system alone and the fixed system alone specially adapted for the portable system, as well as an audio-digital communication terminal by temporal multiplexing integrating such a portable system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Applicant: ADEUNIS R F
    Inventors: Pascal SAGUIN, Pascal CHAMPANEY, Philippe TURLIER
  • Patent number: 7675822
    Abstract: A clock device is held by a moving body, and receives a modulated wave from two electromagnetic fields generated by an antenna formed in a predetermined shape and disposed on a path. The clock device demodulates the modulated wave and acquires unique identification information. The clock device determines a non-detection period after the identification information is acquired. The clock device acquires a reference time corresponding to a middle of the non-detection period, and specifies the acquired reference time as a pass time when the moving body has passed through a point where the antenna is disposed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Seiko Precision Inc.
    Inventor: Nakanobu Moritani
  • Patent number: 7632198
    Abstract: A controller for controlling a timer for measuring offense limit time in a basketball game is provided, in which offense limit time is continuously displayed on an offense limit time display when game remaining time is left less than twenty-four seconds, to thereby allow players to play the basketball game and spectators to see the basketball game more dynamically as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Inventor: Man Bok Lee
  • Publication number: 20080049556
    Abstract: A playing card hand protector (after cards are dealt from a playing card deck to individual players, the cards held by player (s) is considered a hand) skill development device with a programmed clock built-in, for timing, signaling, in the form of sound and lighting. The device also allows for data storage. It is rectangular in shape and similar to that of a standard size playing card. It's depth is approximately one-eighth to one quarter inch (? to ¼), a rectangular body with an upper surface, a lower surface and a continuous sidewall. In addition, the product will consist of an on/off switch. The purpose of this product is to multi-functional. Specifically: 1) protect the integrity of the game 2) conceal the value of the hand 3) protect the hand from being mucked or called dead 4) improve playing skills through training, eg., teach player(s) to time his/her action(s) and reaction(s) while in play, thus minimizing other players ability to read the strength or weakness of the hand in play.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2006
    Publication date: February 28, 2008
    Inventor: Beaunos Pernell Smith
  • Patent number: 7057975
    Abstract: A method and device for automatic timing of mass sporting events is described. Participants of the mass event each wear a transponder with an individual code, which is read after the finish and is associated with a recorded time. Upon finishing, an internal timer of the transponder is activated and its transponder time is evaluated with the determination of a finish time from the recorded time as the adjustment amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignee: ASTRA Gesellschaft für Asset Management mbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Anatoli Stobbe
  • Patent number: 6917565
    Abstract: The present invention provides a clocking system such that the magnetic sensor can detect the external magnetic field from the magnetic member that is rather far apart therefrom without increasing the sensitivity of the magnetic sensor excessively and without making the magnet constructing the magnetic member strong excessively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Inventor: Kunihiro Kishida
  • Publication number: 20040264300
    Abstract: A timing pad for determining the amount of time used when consuming a beverage. The user places an object, such as a mug, glass, or bottle, onto the weight sensor area (2). The user then presses the reset button (4). The reset button (4) is connected to an internally located replaceable battery (14), which supplies power to the timer (7) and the weight sensor (8). The timer (7) and the weight sensor (8) are connected electrically to permit the timer (7) to begin running when user removes the object from the weight sensor area (2). When user places the object back onto the weight sensor area (2), the stop watch-like timer (7) stops running. The user may now remove the object to read his or her beverage consuming time in the timer display (1). The timing pad is particularly suited for beverage consumers desiring to know the precise amount of time it took to consume a beverage in comparison to others.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2003
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Inventor: James J. Gratkowski
  • Patent number: 6816442
    Abstract: A sports annunciation system is remotely controlled by players in unofficiated games. Players start and stop game timers by wireless communication to a base unit using a switching device on their person. The system audibly announces time-in, time-out, remaining time and key game events. The device simulates time control and announcements found in officiated games.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Inventors: Stephen M. Heiman, Martin J. Dowling
  • Publication number: 20040184354
    Abstract: The described invention combines wireless transmission and reception technologies with athletic event timers to remove and reduce human and environmental factors that interfere with the athletic event timekeeping process for improvement of the process. The system controls and communicates the timing of a single athletic event between the timekeeping mechanism and the referee using at least one timing communicator with a transmitter and a channel selector. The transmitter is adapted to transmit a wireless electromagnetic radiation signal from outside the field of play to the field of play to a mobile field communicator having a receiver and channel selector also responsive to the channel selector. The mobile field communicator is adapted to be carried by the umpire or referee on the field of play and to receive the wireless signal from outside the field of play and emit an actuation signal in response thereto.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2003
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Inventor: William J. McDonald
  • Publication number: 20040145114
    Abstract: Various embodiments of the present invention include a chess clock with a first display facing in one direction and a second display facing in an opposite direction. Each of the first and second displays may display information about a single player of a chess game. Such information may include a time remaining in the game. A chess clock of the present invention may afford spectators and chess tournament directors a view of a player's time remaining from a wide range of vantage points. Various embodiments of the present invention include a chess clock with four displays, two displays corresponding to each of two players. The two displays corresponding to a given player may face in opposite directions. Various embodiments of the present invention include a chess clock suitable for simultaneous use in two separate chess games, or for use in a game of bughouse.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2004
    Publication date: July 29, 2004
    Inventors: Dean Joseph Ippolito, Geoffrey Michael Gelman
  • Publication number: 20030235116
    Abstract: A method and device for automatic timing of mass sporting events is described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2003
    Publication date: December 25, 2003
    Applicant: ASTRA Gesellschaft fur Asset Management mbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Anatoli Stobbe
  • Patent number: 6478583
    Abstract: A child educational entertainment device is provided including a housing with a display mounted thereon. Further included is a control mechanism positioned within the housing and adapted to be prompt a user to enter an amount of time. Once the time has been entered, a decrementing timer is displayed to count down from the entered amount of time. The control mechanism has at least one mode wherein it is adapted to graphically display the decrementing timer. Further, additional modes are included for entertainment purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2002
    Inventors: Jocelyn D. Standiford, Candius L. Edgerle
  • Patent number: 6424598
    Abstract: An interval timing apparatus for use with a football during games or scrimmages. The timing apparatus comprises a stand having a holding area with a recessed shape to hold a football in a substantially horizontal position and a timer having a sensor communicating with the holding area so that when the football is removed from the holding area, the timer is deployed. The timer is operatively connected to a visual display showing the time generated by the timer. When the predetermined time has lapsed, an audio signal is generated by an alarm operatively connected to the timer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Inventor: Michael W. Shultz
  • Patent number: 6026061
    Abstract: A watch, especially a wrist, pocket watch or table clock, with a case containing a movement and means for showing the time, in which a game of skill fitted in the case can be played from outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Inventor: Wolfgang Heck
  • Patent number: 5967516
    Abstract: A game apparatus for playing a game by a plurality of players is defined by a collection of visually identical watches each having a processor for calculating and displaying a time and a date. At least one of the watches is arranged to display to a player holding that watch at a predetermined time and date, such as at the millennium, an indication that that watch is a winner of the game.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Inventor: Murray Phillips
  • Patent number: 5852797
    Abstract: The electronic chronometry device (D) comprises an acquisition cell (2) arranged to receive time data (6) coming from at least one time events measurement sensor (8), a storing unit (9) for storing said time data (6), and a processing unit (4) of said time data (6) and associated with said acquisition cell (2). This device is characterized in that said storing unit (9) is associated with an interface (1) which is arranged so as to allow said processing unit (4) to access said storing unit (9) and to read certain of said time data (6) stored in said storing unit (9) without allowing modification of said storing unit (9) by said processing unit (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1998
    Assignee: Omega Electronics S.A.
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Bovay, Silvio Chianese
  • Patent number: 5829755
    Abstract: A dart target with clock and alarm functions comprises a key assembly having a plurality of press buttons for setting time and alarm, at least one display for displaying score and state of the dart target in a game mode and displaying present time in a time mode, a target sensing region composed of a plurality of target areas for indicating different countries and regions, and a microcomputer having a time/alarm/clocking logic circuit for transmitting present time data in the time mode. With this arrangement, the display can automatically display present time when departing from the game mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Inventor: Wen-Kai Chen
  • Patent number: 5831940
    Abstract: A solo electronic starter and timer system for runners that includes a starter position unit, a finish position unit, and an athlete body unit; the body unit radio transmitter circuit transmitting a stop pulse to the finish position unit in response to the triggering of the body unit radio transmitter control circuit triggered by an optical body unit photo detector circuit; the finish position unit having a micro-controller programmed to time and display the elapsed time between receipt of start pulse by a radio receiver circuit of the finish position unit and receipt of the stop pulse that is generated by the body unit radio transmitter circuit of the athlete body unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Inventor: Warren Gillette
  • Patent number: 5737280
    Abstract: A clocking system for measuring running speeds such as split time or lap time for a plural number of track runners like racehorses at each one of a plural number of clocking positions provided at predetermined intervals along a running course or track toward a goal position. The clocking system fundamentally includes: a trigger signal transmission means provided at each one of the clocking positions and adapted to release a trigger signal toward a narrow signal receiving zone; a passing signal generating means carried by each runner and adapted to produce a passing signal specific to a particular runner at each clocking position upon reception of the trigger signal; and a measuring means provided either at each clocking position or on each runner and adapted to register a time reading for each runner upon reception of the trigger signal or passing signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Assignee: Univert Inc.
    Inventor: Hiroshi Kokubo
  • Patent number: 5696481
    Abstract: To record times and intermediate times at sporting events, especially large and multi-discipline events, a method is proposed for immediately establishing the result, by which a large number of recording stations are positioned along the competition track which are connected to a central station, which evaluates the arriving information in a wireless or wire-bound manner, that every recording station has a frame antenna to absorb energy in the high-frequency range as well as to receive high-frequency signals and each athlete is handed a passive high-frequency transmitter with a personal code, which he holds in the recording station when the respective station is reached, whereby the recording station first re-charges the high-frequency transmitter via an antenna, afterwards the high-frequency transmitter passes the code to the recording station, the code is received by the recording station and is immediately passed with a further code from the recording station to the central station, where evaluation is car
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Inventors: Wolfram Pejas, Rolf Schafer
  • Patent number: 5681040
    Abstract: A game timer is constructed in a form resembling an eye with a movable eye lid. The lid is positionable to cover the eye and to uncover the eye in accordance with an objective of the game in the timing of events in the game. Because the eye is an icon of knowledge and power, the psychological connection of such an icon with a game of information, the answering of questions and the evaluation of intellect, composure and other competitive aspects of human nature is important to the success of the game. A numerical processor and associated elements of the device provide programmability for controlling various aspects of the game and for keeping score.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Inventor: Mark S. Peterson
  • Patent number: 5553080
    Abstract: In a speech decoding apparatus (100) supplied with an input speech signal (101) comprising successive blocks, each comprising a digital speech signal and an error detecting code signal, an error detector (8) detects an error in the digital speech signal by the error detecting code signal for each block to produce error detection pulses whenever the error detector detects the error. The error detector also produces the digital speech signals of the blocks. A speech decoder (9) decodes the digital speech signals of the blocks into an analog speech signal. A measuring circuit (102) measures, as a measured value, the number of the error detection pulses during a predetermined time interval. A comparator (15) compares the measured value with a reference value to produce a command signal when the measured value is greater than the reference value. A generator (12) generates an alarm signal in response to the command signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Ryuhei Fujiwara
  • Patent number: 5436611
    Abstract: A race recording and display system includes a detection station for detecting each participant in a race. The detection station has an array of detection signal transmitting devices and identifying signal receiving devices arranged over a race course in sufficient numbers to irradiate a portion of the course ensuring detection and identification of each participant traversing the station. Detection results from the reflection of a portion of a detection signal transmitted by each transmitting device sufficient to provide an identifying signal unique to each participant to each receiving device. Identifying means carried by each participant provides the identifying signal upon irradiation by a detection signal. Determining means responsive to each identifying signal relates the identifying signal to each participant, fixes a time of receipt of the identifying signal and generates an information signal for transmission to a display means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Inventor: Frank H. Arlinghaus, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5325340
    Abstract: A pacing device provides feedback to a user based on a preselected pace time for an activity. A linear array of colored lights includes two lights of a first color and one light of a second color and is operated in accordance with a predetermined lighting sequence. The predetermined lighting sequence makes: 1) a combination of the two lights of the first color visible to the user during a time less than or equal to the preselected pace time, 2) a combination of one of the two lights of the first color and the one light of the second color visible to the user during a first portion of a time greater than the preselected pace time, and 3) only the one light of the second color visible to the user during a second portion of the time greater than the preselected pace time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Inventor: Alexander W. Ramsey
  • Patent number: 5130955
    Abstract: A swim/sporting event timer/counter times a athlete moveing along a predetermined path based on signals received from the athlete. A time counter begins when movement of the athlete is detected. Based upon the amount of time it takes for the athlete to pass by the timing system, the time counter is automatically adjusted, if necessary, to account for the time counter having been started at an incorrect time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1992
    Inventors: Dean Luerker, David E. Mitchell
  • Patent number: 4424967
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display in a timepiece apparatus comprises a figure displaying region and a numerical value displaying region. The figure displaying region is utilized for displaying a game pattern in a game mode and the numerical value displaying region is utilized for displaying the current time in a current time display mode. The timepiece apparatus comprises a setting switch for setting a desired alarming time so that an alarm is raised at the set time. An alarm is raised in terms of a sound audibly discernible or in terms of a visible indication visibly discernible. An alarm is raised in a different manner depending on whether an alarm is raised in the timepiece mode or the game mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1984
    Assignee: Nintendo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Gunpei Yokoi, Satoru Okada
  • Patent number: 4395134
    Abstract: A multi-position joystick-type control switch for use with a combination timepiece and game is disclosed. Movement of the joystick into each of its positions causes displacement of a game element on the face of the timepiece in either the up, down, right or left direction. The joystick control switch is preferably for use with a microprocessor-controlled electronic game watch. Several embodiments of the switching socket of the joystick are disclosed. The joystick may be comprised of the switching socket and a rigid cylindrical rod threaded therein or a telescoping cylindrical rod portion. The joystick may be affixed to the watch band in a clip or compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1983
    Inventor: Nunzio A. Luce
  • Patent number: 4266774
    Abstract: A competitive game apparatus comprised of a game board having a playing surface with a plurality of intersecting playing paths on which playing pieces may be positioned. Two or more players are each provided with a set of the playing pieces which are distinguishable from the playing pieces of the other player by indicia, as for example the color of the playing pieces. The players alternate in playing pieces on the paths, with each player attempting to extend a continuous strip of his or her player pieces while attempting to block the further extension of the strips of his opponents. A timer may be provided with each player required to complete his or her turn in a preestablished time period. This imposes a tempo on the play. Particularly when the game is played at a very fast tempo, the playing pieces already on the board tend to be inadvertently displaced, and it is desirable that the board and/or the playing pieces be constructed to detachably maintain the pieces where they are placed on the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1981
    Inventor: Adolph E. Goldfarb
  • Patent number: 4254955
    Abstract: A bingo game timer apparatus for cooperation with a device capable of supplying bingo indicia carrying articles, such as balls, one after the other along a path, to assist the bingo game operator in calling out bingo indicia to be played. The timer apparatus includes a limit switch having an actuator positioned for actuation by a ball moving along the path. A timer responds to actuation of the limit switch for timing an interval adjustable to be sufficient for the operator to call out, and the players to play, the bingo letter and number on a given ball. Signal lamps alternately respond to the state of the timer for signaling the occurrence of the interval to the operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1981
    Inventors: Carl M. Dundon, Cletus Israels
  • Patent number: 4247925
    Abstract: A dedicated microcomputer for games, sports and other recreational activities has a central processing unit, a keyboard input, random access and pre-programmed read only memories and a digital display, the read only memory being programmed with a chess tournament mode in which remaining time for each player and remaining moves for each player may be displayed, a chess blitz mode in which remaining grace time is displayed for each move by each player, a rapid transit mode in which remaining game time is displayed for each player, an events-up mode where a time count up from a pre-selected number is displayed and an events-down mode where a time count down from a pre-selected number is displayed. All leading zeros of the display are blanked to conserve power. A warning alarm may be activated at any point in any count. The two least significant digits may be blanked when not required to further conserve power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1981
    Inventors: Joseph Meshi, Jeffrey R. Ponsor
  • Patent number: 4245334
    Abstract: A system for measuring and indicating the time required for a movement from a first location to a second location that is spaced from the first location, including a first transmitter located at the first location and adapted to transmit either an RF or an acoustical signal, a second transmitter located at the second location and then adapted to transmit a second acoustical or RF energy signal, a moving vehicle, such as a sports implement, designed to travel between the first and second locations and having a receiver with a sensing antenna, for receiving the first and second acoustical or RF energy signals. The receiver is connected by a start-switch and a stop-switch to an electronic stopwatch which is capable of delivering timed clock signals to a memory circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1981
    Inventor: Erich Bieramperl