Abstract: The above device consists mainly of a rigid explosion tank (10) with a closed rear end (11) and a front opening (12). Said tank is mounted in the direction of the slope on which the avalanche is to be triggered. It is connected to a fuel gas supply station (19) and to an oxygen-carrying gas supply station (20). These two stations are linked by pipes (17 and 18) to injection nozzles (16) situated inside the tank (10). An ignition device (29) is mounted in the bottom of the tank and can be operated by remote control by means of a triggering device (30). An advantage of the above device is that the explosion is exponentially propagated inside the rigid explosion tank and causes a powerful high-velocity blast to be expelled from the latter.
Abstract: A process and an apparatus for automatically positioning an explosive charge at a predetermined position above the surface of the snow for setting off an avalanche.The apparatus includes an electric winch for unwinding and rewinding a suspension string attached to the explosive charge. The winch is swingably mounted in a container of the apparatus in a manner so as to oscillate between up and down positions depending upon whether the string is tensioned or not. Magnetic detectors associated with the winch count and signal the number of turns of its drum to a programmable electronic unit. Coded wheels are provided to select a maximum height of descent and a lifting height for the charge after contact with the snow.