Combined With Or Convertible To Direct Arc Furnace Patents (Class 373/66)
  • Patent number: 9370053
    Abstract: A method for controlling a melt process in an arc furnace, including a signal processing component, program code, and data medium for performing the method. Sound signals or vibrations from the interior of the furnace container are captured by solid-borne sound sensors, from which characteristic values can be derived representing the distribution of melting material, melt, and slag in the furnace fill. A characteristic values are generated in priority sequence for: thermal radiation impinging on the furnace wall of the container, the lumpiness of the melting material in the volume of furnace fill, and the change to the portion of solid melting material contacting the furnace wall. The energy distribution at the electrodes is chanced by a control system based on the characteristic values in priority sequence, such that thermal load peaks are dampened or even completely prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Björn Dittmer, Arno Döbbeler, Klaus Krüger, Sascha Leadbetter, Thomas Matschullat, Detlef Rieger
  • Patent number: 8520714
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for use in metal melting, refining and/or other processing, such as, for example, steel making in an electric arc furnace (EAF), and more particularly, to improved burner/injector panels and related methods for the introduction of various energy sources, such as, for example, chemical energy, oxygen and particulates into an EAF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Air Liquide Advanced Technologies U.S. LLC
    Inventor: Christopher K. Higgins
  • Patent number: 8177548
    Abstract: Device for mounting a forced-air burner 2 to a combustion chamber housing 4, having an attaching section to attach the device to a combustion chamber housing 4 demarcating a combustion chamber or to a unit 5 located on a combustion chamber housing 4 and a seating section to absorb forces and/or moments caused by a forced-air burner 2 located on the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Elco Burners GmbH
    Inventors: Sebastian Kretschmer, Enrico Seemann, Torsten Lohse, Klaus Beckmann, Hendrik Kretzschmar
  • Patent number: 7491360
    Abstract: An enclosure for mounting burners and particle injection equipment in an EAF is described. The enclosures are mounted on the sidewalls of an EAF and include passages in which burners or injectors are mounted so that the discharge ends of the burners and injectors are located closer the melt than sidewall mounted burners and injectors. Burners and injectors mounted in the enclosures heat material in the furnace and deliver particulates to the melt more efficiently than conventionally mounted burners and injectors. The enclosures are liquid-cooled, typically by water, and constructed of high conductivity materials such as copper and/or cast iron and can be constructed in one or more pieces. Therefore, the enclosures protect the burners and injectors from the excessive heat and mechanical impact to which they would normally be subjected when mounted so close to the melt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: Process Technology International
    Inventor: Valery G. Shver
  • Patent number: 6999495
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for increasing spatial energy coverage in a furnace is provided. The apparatus of the present invention includes a panel positioned at least partially into a sidewall of a furnace. The panel includes a plurality of openings for injecting a material through each of the openings at least partially during the same time period. The method of the present invention includes positioning the panel at least partially within the sidewall of a furnace. The method also includes injecting at least partially during the same time period, a primary combustion material, a secondary combustion material, and a particulate material, into the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: Air Liquide America, LP
    Inventors: Alex Popenov, Peter van Kampen, Yury Eyfa, Olivier Delabroy
  • Publication number: 20040213318
    Abstract: A metal mounting assembly for mounting a burner or lance in a furnace has a water-cooled main body securable in an aperture in a furnace wall, a series of cooling fins extending from the main body so as to project into the furnace when secured thereto, and at least one mounting tube extending through the main body for mounting a burner or lance therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2004
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Inventor: Michael J. Strelbisky
  • Patent number: 6614831
    Abstract: A mounting enclosure and an improved mounting arrangement for apparatus used in metal melting, refining and processing, particularly those apparatus adapted for steel making in an electric arc furnace, such as burners, lances and the like with supersonic oxygen lancing capability and injectors or the like for the introduction of particulate matter. The mounting enclosure is fluid cooled to survive the hostile environment of the electric arc furnace and is designed to occupy the step between the side wall and hearth of the furnace without any substantial change to the structure of the furnace. The mounting enclosure comprises a plurality of fluid cooling conduits surrounding an apparatus aperture and an injector aperture which are formed through the enclosure and adapted to mount an apparatus and an injector. The mounting arrangement includes utilizing the mounting enclosure to mount an apparatus with supersonic oxidizing gas lancing capability and an injector for particulate carbon in an electric arc furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: Process Technology International, Inc.
    Inventor: Valery G. Shver
  • Patent number: 6490312
    Abstract: A direct-current arc furnace for producing steel has a smelting vessel with electrodes, tapping openings for the molten mass and slag, and a device for a direct removal of exhaust gases. The smelting vessel is extended upwardly by a central shaft for introducing melt-down material into the vessel. The extension of the central shaft forms a melt-down material column. A shaft suction device is provided as an extension of the shaft for removal of the exhaust gases during the smelting process. Adjacent to the shaft openings are provided in the upper part of the smelting vessel for receiving a vessel suction device for dust and/or gases resulting during the charging process of the melt-down material. The shaft suction device and the vessel suction device are connected to a common device and switching elements are provided for actuating only one suction device and/or adjusting a combination of the exhaust gas flows dependent on the charging and smelting process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2002
    Assignee: SMS Schloemann-Siemag Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Fritz-Peter Pleschiutschnigg, Wei-Ping Wu
  • Patent number: 6424671
    Abstract: A process for making steel in an electric arc furnace includes providing a molten charge which is a melt composed of a high carbon ferrous metal in the electric arc furnace by one of preparing the melt in the furnace or introducing the melt into the furnace, the high carbon ferrous metal being composed of less than 3% carbon, less than 0.2% silicon, and less than 0.2% manganese, and the melt having a temperature of at least 1375° C.; adding to the molten charge provided in the furnace a solid metallic charge composed of least one material selected from the group consisting of scrap steel, hot briquetted iron, direct reduced iron, and iron ore to provide a charge mixture; refining the charge mixture by melting in the absence of gaseous oxygen to provide a molten steel; and superheating, finishing and tapping the molten steel into a ladle for subsequent casting thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: National Research Development Corporation
    Inventor: Shilowbhadra Banerjee
  • Patent number: 6377602
    Abstract: Method and device to feed tuyeres in an electric furnace, the tuyeres comprising a central conduit to deliver a comburent gaseous substance and a peripheral conduit to deliver a cooling gaseous substance, the method providing to send to the central conduit a comburent mixture consisting of oxygen and neutral gas (N2, Ar, etc.) in defined percentages, the oxygen and the neutral gas being fed, for each of the tuyeres, to a mixing device with a high mixing capacity, at least the pressure of the neutral gas being able to be adjusted on the relative feed line so as to modulate the pressure of the mixture according to the characteristics of the melting process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: Danieli & Officine Meccaniche SpA
    Inventors: Bruno Aita, Fernando Clocchiatti
  • Publication number: 20020001332
    Abstract: A mounting enclosure and an improved mounting arrangement for apparatus used in metal melting, refining and processing, particularly those apparatus adapted for steel making in an electric arc furnace, such as burners, lances and the like with supersonic oxygen lancing capability and injectors or the like for the introduction of particulate matter. The mounting enclosure is fluid cooled to survive the hostile environment of the electric arc furnace and is designed to occupy the step between the side wall and hearth of the furnace without any substantial change to the structure of the furnace. The mounting enclosure comprises a plurality of fluid cooling conduits surrounding an apparatus aperture and an injector aperture which are formed through the enclosure and adapted to mount an apparatus and an injector. The mounting arrangement includes utilizing the mounting enclosure to mount an apparatus with supersonic oxidizing gas lancing capability and an injector for particulate carbon in an electric arc furnace.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2001
    Publication date: January 3, 2002
    Inventor: Valery G. Shver
  • Publication number: 20010043639
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for advantageously introducing a flame and a high velocity oxidizing gas into a furnace for metal melting, refining and processing, particularly steel making in an electric arc furnace. The steel making process of an electric arc furnace is made more efficient by shortening the time of the scrap melting phase and introducing an effective high velocity oxidizing gas stream into the process sooner to decarburize the melted metal. In one implementation of an apparatus, improved efficiency is obtained by mounting a fixed burner/lance closer to the hot face of the furnace refractory at an effective injection angle. This mounting technique shortens the distance that the flame of the burner has to melt through the scrap to clear a path to the molten metal and shortens the distance the high velocity oxygen from the lance travels to the slag-metal interface thereby increasing its penetrating power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2001
    Publication date: November 22, 2001
    Inventor: Valery G. Shver
  • Patent number: 6289035
    Abstract: A mounting block and an improved mounting arrangement for apparatus used in metal melting, refining and processing, particularly those apparatus adapted to steel making in an electric arc furnace, such as burners, lances and the like with supersonic oxygen lancing capability. The mounting block is fluid cooled to survive the hostile environment of the electric arc furnace and is designed to rest on the step between the side wall and hearth of the furnace without any substantial change to the structure of the furnace. The mounting block comprises a plurality of fluid cooling conduits surrounding an aperture which is formed through the block and adapted to mount the apparatus. The mounting arrangement includes utilizing the mounting block to mount an apparatus with supersonic oxidizing gas or lancing capability in an electric arc furnace. The apparatus is mounted by passing it through an aperture in a water cooled side panel aligned with the mounting aperture in the mounting block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Inventor: Valery G. Shver
  • Patent number: 5586140
    Abstract: A plasma melting furnace has a melting chamber having an anode torch and a cathode torch made of graphite and having a electric conductor disposed on the bottom thereof. When the furnace is operated, the anode torch, having an inflow of electrons, which forms an unstable plasma arc is contacted with the electric conductor and is not used, while the cathode torch, having an outflow of electrons, which forms a stable plasma arc, is utilized for heating, whereby the furnace can be stably and continuously operated. Thus, since the cathode torch which is used is not heated so much and the anode torch, which is liable to be heated to a great degree, is not used, the electrode consumption rate can be greatly reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Assignee: Hitachi Zosen Corporation
    Inventors: Michio Ishida, Tsutomu Kuwahara, Hideo Sato, Yoshitoshi Sekiguchi, Kunio Sasaki, Shiro Sakata, Hiroshi Kosaka, Toshio Hirai