Feedback Suppression Patents (Class 381/93)
  • Patent number: 11451905
    Abstract: A public address system includes audio inputs from a moderator/presenter and from one or more participants. In an embodiment, the moderator speaks first and then selects participants to speak, utilizing audio captured by participant devices. A central signal processor is configured to receive the audio inputs and to utilize a configured acoustic model to provide for acoustic echo cancellation (AEC) and feedback control (FBC) during various phases of a presentation or conference. Audio signals from the presenter and/or participants, that have been processed to remove echo, are utilized as reference signals during various phases of the audio presentation that utilize the acoustic model for either AEC or FBC. The system utilizes the knowledge that the best learning occurs during the far talking state to learn the echo path in the canceler mode (AEC) vs. the feedback mode (FBC), which usually can only train in a double-talking mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Inventor: David G. Shaw
  • Patent number: 11252525
    Abstract: Transfer functions can describe responses of microphones or ears to sounds at different locations on a sphere. The transfer functions can be compressed by determining, based on transfer functions, a) one or more basis transfer functions, and b) spherical harmonics coefficients that describe variations of the transfer functions with respect to spherical coordinates. Other aspects are described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Gaetan R. Lorho, Jonathan D. Sheaffer, Symeon Delikaris Manias, Frank Baumgarte
  • Patent number: 11199642
    Abstract: A disclosed method for wellsite operations includes obtaining a spectral decomposition, of a seismic data associated with a geological formation. The spectral decomposition includes a first spectral representation generated using a first operator and a second spectral representation generated using a second operator. The method also includes determining a first characteristic of the first operator and a second characteristic of the second operator. The method further includes determining at least one acceptable operator based on the first characteristic and the second characteristic. The method also includes generating a geological model feature using the at least one acceptable operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmed Adnan Aqrawi, Mats Stivang Ramfjord
  • Patent number: 11158328
    Abstract: Encoding/decoding an audio signal having one or more audio components, wherein each audio component is associated with a spatial location. A first audio signal presentation (z) of the audio components, a first set of transform parameters (w(f)), and signal level data (?2) are encoded and transmitted to the decoder. The decoder uses the first set of transform parameters (w(f)) to form a reconstructed simulation input signal intended for an acoustic environment simulation, and applies a signal level modification (?) to the reconstructed simulation input signal. The signal level modification is based on the signal level data (?2) and data (p2) related to the acoustic environment simulation. The attenuated reconstructed simulation input signal is then processed in an acoustic environment simulator. With this process, the decoder does not need to determine the signal level of the simulation input signal, thereby reducing processing load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventor: Dirk Jeroen Breebaart
  • Patent number: 11146909
    Abstract: A device can receive an audio signal and determine a measure of correlation between the audio signal and a microphone signal. The audio signal can be attenuated based on the measure of correlation. The audio signal can be used to drive one or more speakers of the device. Other aspects are described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Stephen E. Pinto, Chad Himeda
  • Patent number: 10979100
    Abstract: Multi-channel audio signal processing includes receiving a left stereo audio signal from a first channel and a right stereo audio signal from a second channel; up-mixing the left and the right stereo audio signals to generate an up-mixed audio signal for a third channel; de-correlating the up-mixed audio signal from the left and the right stereo audio signals to generate a de-correlated up-mixed audio signal; providing the left and right stereo signals and the de-correlated up-mixed audio signal to first, second, and third loudspeakers respectively to generate first, second, and third sound signals, respectively; picking up the first, second and third sound signals with a microphone to generate a microphone output signal; and adaptively filtering the microphone output signal with an acoustic echo canceller based on the left, the right, and the de-correlated up-mixed audio signal to generate an echo compensated microphone signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: Harman Becker Automotive Systems GmbH
    Inventor: Markus Christoph
  • Patent number: 10924870
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to tracking of acoustic feedback events of a hearing assistance device, such as a hearing aid. Information about the acoustic feedback events is stored for analysis. Such information is useful for programming acoustic feedback cancellers and other parameters of a hearing assistance device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Starkey Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventor: Harikrishna P. Natarajan
  • Patent number: 10902837
    Abstract: A signal processing device comprises: input transducer(s) configured to convert input(s) to an input signal; output transducer(s) configured to convert an output signal to output(s); a signal processing circuit configured to at least subtract a feedback estimation signal from the input signal to produce a feedback compensated signal; and an adaptive feedback estimator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Harinath Garudadri, Ching-Hua Lee, Bhaskar Rao
  • Patent number: 10873809
    Abstract: Technology described in this document can be embodied in an earpiece of an active noise reduction (ANR) device. The earpiece includes a plurality of microphones, wherein each of the plurality of microphones is usable for capturing ambient audio to generate input signals for both an ANR mode of operation and a hear-through mode of operation of the ANR device. The earpiece further includes a controller configured to: process a first subset of microphones from the plurality of microphones to generate input signals for the ANR mode of operation, process a second subset of microphones from the plurality of microphones to generate input signals for the hear-through mode of operation, detect that a particular microphone of the second subset is acoustically coupled to an acoustic transducer of the ANR device in the hear-through mode of operation, and in response to the detection, process the input signals from the second subset of microphones without using input signals from the particular microphone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Bose Corporation
    Inventors: Richard L. Pyatt, Emery M. Ku
  • Patent number: 10856092
    Abstract: An acquisition system includes a processor, one or more sensors operatively coupled to the processor where the one or more sensors acquire at the ear, on the ear or within an ear canal, one or more of acceleration, blood oxygen saturation, blood pressure or heart-rate, and the one or more sensors configured to monitor a biological state or a physical motion or both for an event. The event can be a detection of a discrepancy when compared with a set of reference data by the one or more sensors or the biological state or the event can be one of a detection of an abrupt movement of a headset operatively coupled to the processor, a change in location of an earpiece operatively coupled the processor, a touching of the headset, a recognizing of a voice command, a starting or ending of a phone call, or a scheduled time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: Staton Techiya, LLC
    Inventor: Steven W. Goldstein
  • Patent number: 10681458
    Abstract: A processing module for a noise control circuit may include a howling detector configured to receive an input signal and to determine a linearity metric based on the input signal, the linearity metric comprising a measure of the linearity of a logarithmic representation of the energy of the input signal. The processing module may also include a gain adjuster configured to adjust the gain of a noise control unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Cirrus Logic, Inc.
    Inventors: Pablo Peso Parada, Rahim Saeidi, John L. Melanson
  • Patent number: 10667063
    Abstract: For many hearing assistive devices, the user's speech is received at a larger amplitude signal than the speech of someone speaking to the user. Since the user's speech is also picked up by the microphone and feed through the speaker causing an acoustic feedback effect, the user may have to constantly adjust the volume of the hearing assistive device to achieve a more comfortable volume based on where the speech is coming from. Therefore, mitigating the acoustic feedback effect of assistive hearing devices can generate a more efficient and comfortable hearing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: BITWAVE PTE LTD
    Inventors: Siew Kok Hui, Lei Tu
  • Patent number: 10614819
    Abstract: Encoding/decoding an audio signal having one or more audio components, wherein each audio component is associated with a spatial location. A first audio signal presentation (z) of the audio components, a first set of transform parameters (w(f)), and signal level data (?2) are encoded and transmitted to the decoder. The decoder uses the first set of transform parameters (w(f)) to form a reconstructed simulation input signal intended for an acoustic environment simulation, and applies a signal level modification (?) to the reconstructed simulation input signal. The signal level modification is based on the signal level data (?2) and data (p2) related to the acoustic environment simulation. The attenuated reconstructed simulation input signal is then processed in an acoustic environment simulator. With this process, the decoder does not need to determine the signal level of the simulation input signal, thereby reducing processing load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventor: Dirk Jeroen Breebaart
  • Patent number: 10553236
    Abstract: A system configured to improve noise cancellation by reducing attenuation of local speech in proximity to a device. When the local speech is present in both a target signal and a reference signal, performing noise cancellation to remove the reference signal inadvertently attenuates the local speech. To prevent this, the system may perform first noise cancellation to identify frequency bands associated with the local speech and may generate a modified reference signal based on the frequency bands. For example, the system may generate the modified reference signal by applying attenuation to first frequencies associated with the local speech and/or gain to second frequencies that are not associated with the local speech. The system may generate final output audio data by performing noise cancellation using the modified reference signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Robert Ayrapetian, Trausti Thor Kristjansson, Philip Ryan Hilmes, Carlo Murgia
  • Patent number: 10394516
    Abstract: Provided is a mobile terminal and method for controlling a sound (audio) to be output, the mobile terminal including at least one application including sound (audio) data and requesting an output sound, a sound (audio) control unit to determine an output sound when a plurality of requests for the output sound is input by a plurality of applications being executed, and a sound (audio) output unit to output the determined sound by forming a virtual output path for each of the sound data to be output, and blocking other virtual output paths aside from a virtual output path mapped to the sound determined to be output by the sound control unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Pantech Inc.
    Inventors: Yong Il Lee, Young Jun Kang, Jae Woo Hwang
  • Patent number: 10393571
    Abstract: Example embodiments disclosed herein relate to a estimation of reverberant energy components from audio sources. A method of estimating a reverberant energy component from an active audio source (100) is disclosed. The method comprises determining a correspondence between the active audio source and a plurality of sample sources by comparing one or more spatial features of the active audio source with one or more spatial features of the plurality of sample sources, each of the sample sources being associated with an adaptive filtering model (101); obtaining an adaptive filtering model for the active audio source based on the determined correspondence (102); and estimating the reverberant energy component from the active audio source over time based on the adaptive filtering model (103). Corresponding system (800) and computer program product (900) are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Dong Shi, David Gunawan, Glenn N. Dickins, Kai Li
  • Patent number: 10390136
    Abstract: A howling suppression device includes a first speaker and a second speaker provided in a room, and a sound signal generator configured to supply the first speaker with a first sound signal generated based on an output signal of a microphone, and configured to supply the second speaker with a second sound signal generated so that a part or all of a sound emitted from the first speaker is canceled out at the microphone by a sound emitted from the second speaker based on the output signal of the microphone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: YAMAHA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Satoshi Ohta
  • Patent number: 10200795
    Abstract: A method of operating a hearing system for conducting telephone calls as well as a hearing system capable of performing the proposed method. The hearing system includes a communication device (4) with a communication device microphone (3?) for picking up a first sound signal and providing a primary sidetone signal. The hearing system further includes a hearing device with a hearing device microphone for picking up a second sound signal and providing a secondary sidetone signal. A first amplification is applied to the primary sidetone signal and a second amplification is applied to the secondary sidetone signal. Adjusting of the first amplification is dependent on adjusting of the second amplification, or alternatively, adjusting of the second amplification is dependent on adjusting of the first amplification. The primary and secondary sidetone signals are then combined and subsequently output by a hearing device loudspeaker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: SONOVA AG
    Inventors: Nadim El Guindi, Ivo Hasler
  • Patent number: 10002601
    Abstract: A system includes a feedback filter configured to receive an audio signal from a microphone and to process the audio signal based on a feedback path between a loudspeaker and the microphone. The system also includes an adaptive filter coupled to the feedback filter. The system further includes a signal combiner coupled to the microphone and to the adaptive filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Asif Mohammad, Sreekanth Narayanaswamy, Wade Heimbigner, Erik Visser
  • Patent number: 9900048
    Abstract: A method which includes receiving a first modulated signal from a first user device, the first modulated signal being generated based upon a time-frequency transformation of first user data. The method further includes receiving a second modulated signal from a second user device, the second modulated signal being generated based upon a time-frequency transformation of second user data. The first modulated signal and the second modulated signal are then processed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Inventors: Ronny Hadani, Selim Shlomo Rakib
  • Patent number: 9723420
    Abstract: A system and method for measuring the performance of a plurality of transducers integrated in one or more loudspeakers is described. The method simultaneously drives each transducer to emit sounds corresponding to distinct orthogonal test signals. A listening device senses sounds produced by the orthogonal test signals and analyzes the sensed audio signal to determine the performance of each transducer. By using orthogonal test signals, the multiple transducers may be measured and/or characterized simultaneously and with limited affect from extraneous noises.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Afrooz Family, Tom-Davy Saux, Martin E. Johnson
  • Patent number: 9706300
    Abstract: A method of generating audio output includes displaying a graphical user interface (GUI) at a user device. The GUI represents an area having multiple regions and multiple audio capture devices are located in the area. The method also includes receiving audio data from the multiple audio capture devices. The method further includes receiving an input indicating a selected region of the multiple regions. The method also includes generating, at the user device, audio output based on audio data from a subset of the multiple audio capture devices. Each audio capture device in the subset is located in the selected region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Lae-Hoon Kim, Erik Visser, Raghuveer Peri
  • Patent number: 9557960
    Abstract: Active acoustic filter systems and methods are disclosed. An active acoustic filter system includes a memory storing one or more stored sound profiles and a respective set of processing parameters associated with each of the one or more stored sound profiles. A processor coupled to the memory generates processed sound by processing ambient sound in accordance with a set of processing parameters retrieved from the memory based on results from comparing an ambient sound profile to at least one of the one or more stored sound profiles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: Doppler Labs, Inc.
    Inventors: Noah Kraft, Richard Fritz Lanman, III, Daniel C. Wiggins, Jeff Baker
  • Patent number: 9269350
    Abstract: A method includes obtaining a plurality of audio channels using a plurality of microphone outputs having at least one audio control channel and at least one audio output channel. When a keyword is detected on the audio control channel using voice recognition, adaptive filtering is performed to attenuate the keyword from the audio output channel. An apparatus operative to perform the method includes a plurality of microphones that provide a plurality of audio channels with at least one audio output channel and at least one audio control channel. Voice command recognition logic is operatively coupled to the plurality of microphones to receive the at least one audio control channel. The voice command recognition logic detect keywords on the audio control channel and filter logic with at least one adaptive filter performs adaptive filtering to attenuate the keyword from the at least one audio output channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: Google Technology Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Adrian M Schuster, Plamen A Ivanov
  • Patent number: 9136905
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method and system for multi-receiving terminal echo cancellation Echo filters performs echo filtering on receiving terminal signals in M channels to obtain filtered receiving terminal signals in M channels. The filtered receiving terminal signals in M channels are subtracted from a transmitting terminal signal to obtain a system output signal in which receiving terminal echoes have been cancelled. The receiving terminal signals in M channels are buffered. A decorrelation matrix according to each of the receiving terminal signals in M channels is calculated. The decorrelation matrix decomposes the buffered receiving terminal signals in M channels into decorrelated receiving terminal signals in M channels. Update amounts of the echo filters are calculated according to the decorrelation matrix, the decorrelated receiving terminal signals in M channels and the system output signal that is fed back.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: GOERTEK INC.
    Inventor: Shasha Lou
  • Patent number: 9124769
    Abstract: Example methods and apparatus to verify presentation of media content are disclosed. A disclosed example apparatus for use with a set-top box (STB) and a media presentation device includes an audio input interface to receive a first audio signal associated with a program selected by a user via the STB, a microphone to receive a free-field radiating second audio signal output by at least one of the media presentation device or an audio system associated with the media presentation device, a comparator to compare the second audio signal to the first audio signal to form an output, and an output interface to provide a value indicative of whether the program selected by the user via the STB is presented at the media presentation device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: THE NIELSEN COMPANY (US), LLC
    Inventors: Venugopal Srinivasan, Arun Ramaswamy
  • Patent number: 9042575
    Abstract: A method, device and computer program product for processing audio signals, the method including determining beamformer filter coefficients to be applied to the audio signals; applying the beamformer filter coefficients to the audio signals; outputting the filtered audio signals from an audio output comprising a plurality of speakers coupled with the device; and receiving at a microphone coupled with the device, the filtered audio signals output from the audio output. The filter coefficients are determined such that the filtered audio signals are suppressed when received at the microphone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Skype
    Inventor: Karsten Vandborg Sorensen
  • Patent number: 9036829
    Abstract: A variable-bandwidth adaptive notch filter which cancels howling from an input signal with a bandwidth varying according to a howling frequency to generate an output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Jun-ho Lee
  • Patent number: 9031258
    Abstract: An acoustic feedback suppression apparatus includes an amplitude measurement section for measuring the amplitude of a sound signal input from a microphone, an amplitude attenuation section for attenuating the amplitude of a sound signal output to a speaker, and an acoustic feedback determination section for determining whether or not acoustic feedback is occurring based on the sound signal input from the microphone. If it is determined that acoustic feedback is occurring, a sound-deadening control section enables sound-deadening control so that the amplitude of the sound signal output to the speaker is attenuated to a sound-deadening level. A sound-deadening release section releases the sound-deadening control if the amplitude of the sound signal input from the microphone is more than specified threshold amplitude and if it is determined that acoustic feedback is not occurring while the sound-deadening control is conducted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryosuke Kitago, Yuji Kawasaki, Keiji Yamahai
  • Publication number: 20150124998
    Abstract: A method and audio signal processor for detecting feedback in an electrical amplification system divides a frequency spectrum into a plurality of frequency bands, classifies a tone present in an incoming audio signal into one of the plurality of frequency bands based on a frequency of the tone, selects a threshold value based on the frequency band into which the tone is classified, and disqualifies the tone from potentially being feedback if an amplitude of the tone is greater than an amplitude of a harmonic of the tone by less than the threshold value. The tone is deemed to be potentially feedback if the amplitude of the tone is greater than an amplitude of a plurality of harmonics of the tone by at least the threshold value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Michael Arthur Siegel, Christopher J. Perkins, Alexander Michael George
  • Patent number: 9020163
    Abstract: Devices and methods are disclosed that allow for selective acoustic near-field nulls for microphone arrays. One embodiment may take the form of an electronic device including a speaker and a microphone array. The microphone array may include a first microphone positioned a first distance from the speaker and a second microphone positioned a second distance from the speaker. The first and second microphones are configured to receive an acoustic signal. The microphone array further includes a complex vector filter coupled to the second microphone. The complex vector filter is applied to an output signal of the second microphone to generate an acoustic sensitivity pattern for the array that provides an acoustic null at the location of the speaker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald Nadim Isaac, Martin E. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20150110318
    Abstract: Provided is an electronic device including: a housing; a vibration body disposed in the housing; and a microphone disposed in the housing. By vibrating the vibration body, the electronic device transmits air conduction sound and vibration sound that is generated by the vibration. During the generation of the sounds, howling reduction processing is performed, so that usability of the electronic device is improved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: KYOCERA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomoaki Miyano, Tomohiro Inagaki, Kenichi Ozasa, Satoshi Mizuta, Kiyokazu Sato
  • Publication number: 20150104039
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an apparatus of suppressing howling, including: a microphone sensing a voice of a user to generate a voice signal; a memory storing a command for suppressing howling of the voice signal; and a processor suppressing the howling of the voice signal depending on the command, wherein the command includes a command allowing the following steps to be performed: calculating a first ratio, which is a ratio between a power of the current frame signal for the howling candidate frequency and the short-section average, and a second ratio, which is a ratio between the long-section average and the short-section average; determining the howling candidate frequency to be a howling frequency of the current frame signal; and suppressing the howling of the voice signal depending on the howling frequency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: Mi-Suk LEE
  • Patent number: 9002029
    Abstract: A howling canceller applied to an acoustic system having a speaker and a microphone comprises: a filter insertion unit for inserting a notch filter at a frequency of an audio signal picked up by the microphone; a setting unit for setting the insertion time of the notch filter on the basis of the frequency at which the notch filter is inserted; and a releasing unit for, when the insertion time set by the setting unit has elapsed, releasing the notch filter, the insertion time of which has elapsed. The setting unit sets the insertion time of the notch filter to be shorter as the frequency at which the notch filter is inserted increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventor: Ryo Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8953818
    Abstract: A listening device for processing an input sound to an output sound, includes an input transducer for converting an input sound to an electric input signal, an output transducer for converting a processed electric output signal to an output sound, a forward path being defined between the input transducer and the output transducer and including a signal processing unit for processing an input signal in a number of frequency bands and an SBS unit for performing spectral band substitution from one frequency band to another and providing an SBS-processed output signal, and an LG-estimator unit for estimating loop gain in each frequency band thereby identifying plus-bands having an estimated loop gain according to a plus-criterion and minus-bands having an estimated loop gain according to a minus-criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Oticon A/S
    Inventors: Thomas Bo Elmedyb, Jesper Jensen
  • Publication number: 20150010165
    Abstract: A microphone module and method for suppressing feedback in a microphone. The module has a casing with a hollow bore therethrough and a microphone mounted in one end of the bore. The other end of the bore is completely covered by a film mounted onto the top of the casing. The film has at least one slit therethrough in the film portion that covers the other end of the bore. The method includes introducing a sound wave to a film having at least one slit therethrough that separates the film into at least two parts; generating a sound wave from each film part; and conveying the generated sound waves in a sound tube to a microphone as a rejoined sound wave.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventor: Yan Ru Peng
  • Patent number: 8929565
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for entrainment containment in digital filters using output phase modulation. Phase change is gradually introduced into the acoustic feedback canceller loop to avoid entrainment of the feedback canceller filter. Various embodiments employing different output phase modulation approaches are set forth and time and frequency domain examples are provided. Additional method and apparatus can be found in the specification and as provided by the attached claims and their equivalents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Starkey Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Arthur Salvetti, Harikrishna P. Natarajan, Jon S. Kindred
  • Patent number: 8923530
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for acoustic feedback attenuation at a telecommunications terminal. A speakerphone equipped with a loudspeaker and two microphones is featured. Signals from the two microphones are subjected to a calibration stage and then to a runtime stage. The purpose of the calibration stage is to match the microphones to each other by advantageously using both magnitude and phase equalization across the frequency spectrum of the microphones. During the runtime stage, the microphones monitor the ambient sounds received from sound sources, such as the speakerphone's users and the loudspeaker itself, during a conference call. The speakerphone applies the generated set of filter coefficients to the optimized microphone's signals. By combining the signal from the reference microphone with the filtered signal from the optimized microphone, the speakerphone is able to attenuate the sounds from the loudspeaker that would otherwise be transmitted back to other conference call participants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Avaya Inc.
    Inventors: Eric John Diethorn, Heinz Teutsch
  • Patent number: 8917885
    Abstract: A pseudo noise superimposing unit superimposes a pseudo noise (M-sequence) to an audio signal picked up by a microphone and outputs the superimposed signal to an amplifying system. An calculating unit calculates a correlation value between the audio signal picked up by the microphone and the pseudo noise. The calculating unit estimates a gain of a closed loop based on the correlation value. A gain control unit suppresses a gain of the audio signal based on the estimated gain of the closed loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Shinya Sakurada, Takuro Sone, Takaya Kakizaki, Sachiya Sasaki, Kosuke Saito
  • Patent number: 8903108
    Abstract: Devices and methods are disclosed that allow for selective acoustic near-field nulls for microphone arrays. One embodiment may take the form of an electronic device including a speaker and a microphone array. The microphone array may include a first microphone positioned a first distance from the speaker and a second microphone positioned a second distance from the speaker. The first and second microphones are configured to receive an acoustic signal. The microphone array further includes a complex vector filter coupled to the second microphone. The complex vector filter is applied to an output signal of the second microphone to generate an acoustic sensitivity pattern for the array that provides an acoustic null at the location of the speaker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald Nadim Isaac, Martin E. Johnson
  • Patent number: 8891786
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and other embodiments associated with selective notch filtering for howling suppression are described. According to one embodiment, an apparatus includes a howling detector that detects howling by performing a time domain analysis of speech signals to identify a speech signal that may be exhibiting howling and performing frequency domain analysis to confirm that the speech signal is exhibiting howling. The apparatus also includes a suppression selector configured to select a suppression technique, a signal processor configured to process the speech signal according to a selected suppression technique. The apparatus outputs, without suppression-related processing, speech signals that are not identified based on the time domain analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Marvell International Ltd.
    Inventor: Xin Wang
  • Patent number: 8885844
    Abstract: Methods and systems for masking audio noise are disclosed. One apparatus includes a silence detector configured to detect a period of substantial silence in an audio signal; a masking noise source operably coupled to the silence detector, the masking noise source configured to generate a noise signal in response to the silence detector detecting the period of substantial silence; and at least one combining device operably coupled to the masking noise source, the at least one combining device configured to contribute to combining the audio signal and the noise signal. A method includes detecting a period of substantial silence in an audio signal; and combining masking noise with the audio signal during the period of substantial silence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Continental Automotive Systems, Inc
    Inventors: Edward Almquist, Steven P. DeCabooter
  • Publication number: 20140314252
    Abstract: Acoustic feedback in an audio device is reduced or eliminated via a feedback compensator. The feedback compensator disposes of at least one adaptive filter whose adaptation is governed by a step-size parameter p. A step-size parameter p of the adaptive filter is set at a high level to eliminate acoustic feedback and the parameter p is decreased when a critical excitation signal is detected. This way to proceed allows for efficient elimination of feedback whistling while required environment signals are retained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: SIEMENS MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS PTE. LTD.
    Inventors: Sebastian Pape, Tobias Wurzbacher
  • Patent number: 8861745
    Abstract: A method of compensating for noise in a receiver having a first receiver unit and a second receiver unit, the method includes receiving a first transmission at the first receiver unit, the first transmission having a first signal component and a first noise component; receiving a second transmission at the second receive unit, the second transmission having a second signal component and a second noise component; determining whether the first noise component and the second noise component are incoherent and; only if it is determined that the first and second noise components are incoherent, processing the first and second transmissions in a first processing path, wherein the first processing path is configured to compensate for incoherent noise.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited
    Inventors: Kuan-Chieh Yen, Xuejing Sun, Jeffrey S. Chisholm
  • Patent number: 8855329
    Abstract: An active noise control (ANC) system may be implemented to both sides of a fan, such that both directions of the noise emitting are treated to reduce the overall noise. The impact on airflow is minimal, and the technique is very effective in a broad range of low frequencies. Passive sound-absorbing materials may be included for attenuation of high frequencies. The resulting quiet fan produces a low level of noise compared to any other device based on fan, which produces the same capacity of airflow. The quiet fan may be incorporated in any mechanical system which requires airflow induction such as: computers, air conditioners, machines, and more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Silentium Ltd.
    Inventors: Alon Slapak, Tzvika Fridman, Ofira Rubin
  • Patent number: 8855327
    Abstract: Provided is a sound emission and collection device capable of estimating the azimuth of a sound source (such as a main utterer) precisely without any processing load. The sound emission and collection device (1) is connected with another sound emission and collection device via a network or the like. The sound emission and collection device (1) receives a sound signal from another sound emission and collection device, as a sound emission signal (FE), and emits the same from a speaker (SP). The sound emission and collection device (1) collects the sound at microphones (MIC1 to MIC3), and produces sound collection beam signals (NE1 to NE3) of different azimuths. The sound emission and collection device down-samples the individual sound collection beam signals (NE1 to NE3), and filters out the echoes of the down-sampled sound collection beam signals (DNE1 to DNE3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Ryo Tanaka, Naoto Kuriyama
  • Publication number: 20140294198
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a system and method of cancelling feedback in a vehicle communications system. The system and method may adjust a phase and a polarity of the microphone signal to produce an inverted microphone signal having a shifted phase. A speaker signal may be summed with the inverted microphone signal to cancel out at least a portion of a microphone signal component of the speaker signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Pinnacle Peak Holding Corporation d/b/a Setcom Corporation
    Inventors: Steven B. Hall, James P. Roberts, Samuel W. Grove
  • Patent number: 8837748
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for receiving and playing a signal in a radio receiver to suppress microphonic feedback are provided by alternately pitch shifting a received audio signal. The pitch of the received audio signal is alternately shifted up and then down, repeatedly over successive intervals of the audio signal, to produce a pitch swing signal which is then played over a speaker. The alternating pitch shifting prevents the buildup of regenerative feedback normally caused by acoustic vibrations coupling into the radio receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Motorola Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: V. C. Prakash VK Chacko, Thean Hai Ooi, Kar Boon Oung, Cheah Heng Tan, Huoy Thyng Yow
  • Publication number: 20140254825
    Abstract: Reducing feedback in an input signal that contains a signal component based on an output signal from a proximate output. The input signal is separated into a plurality of frequency bands by band pass filters. The power of signal in each band is determined, and the band signal with the greatest power is selected. That band's signal is sampled at a sampling rate, and at regular intervals one of the samples is selected. Blind signal separation is used to estimate signal sources from the selected samples. The estimated signals are compared to the output signal, and the estimated signal most similar to the output signal is subtracted from the input signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Mansour Tahernezhadi
  • Patent number: 8824703
    Abstract: There is provided an audio amplifier circuit (200), comprising: an input, for receiving an input signal; an amplifier (205) for receiving a modified input signal and outputting an amplified signal; and a feedback loop (245) comprising digital circuitry for feeding back the amplified signal and combining a feedback signal with the input signal to generate the modified input signal. The feedback loop (245) comprises: a low-pass filter (220) for filtering the amplified signal; a comparator (225) for comparing the filtered signal with a threshold value and outputting a comparison signal; and an integrator (230) for integrating the comparison signal and outputting the feedback signal. According to another embodiment, the feedback loop comprises an integrator and a sigma-delta modulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Wolfson Microelectronics plc
    Inventor: John Paul Lesso